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Abbreviation: BW
Appearance Frequency: 8578 time(s)
Long forms: 247

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
body weight
(6686 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1353 times)
BMI (253 times)
DM (191 times)
i.p (134 times)
1971 Observations on the responsiveness of human subjects to human growth hormone. Effects of endogenous growth hormone deficiency and myotinic dystrophy.
birth weight
(1179 times)
Pediatrics
(307 times)
GA (417 times)
ROP (142 times)
SGA (87 times)
1978 Limitations in prediction of gestational age and birth weight by ultrasonographic methods.
bronchial washing
(55 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(24 times)
BAL (29 times)
BB (6 times)
TBNA (5 times)
1977 Appearanc of cytotoxic cells within the bronchus after local infection with herpes simplex virus.
brackish water
(42 times)
Physiology
(15 times)
FW (27 times)
SW (20 times)
NKA (12 times)
1995 Regulation of gill prolactin receptors in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) after a change in salinity or hypophysectomy.
backward walking
(25 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
FW (22 times)
PD (3 times)
TA (2 times)
1996 Backward and forward walking use different patterns of phase-dependent modulation of cutaneous reflexes in humans.
biological warfare
(25 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
CW (4 times)
LIF (2 times)
qPCR (2 times)
1961 What to remember--what has been accomplished and what is still to be done about chemical warfare (CW) and biological w arfare (BW) defense.
buckwheat
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
AD (3 times)
WR (3 times)
GB (2 times)
2000 Identification and characterization of the major allergens of buckwheat.
bacterial wilt
(20 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
RSSC (4 times)
QTL (3 times)
CCs (2 times)
2004 Transgenic tomato plants expressing the Arabidopsis NPR1 gene display enhanced resistance to a spectrum of fungal and bacterial diseases.
bitewing radiography
(19 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
ICDAS (6 times)
AUC (2 times)
DD (2 times)
1993 Comparison of different methods for the diagnosis of fissure caries without cavitation.
10  black water
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
GW (5 times)
UASB (4 times)
WW (4 times)
2005 Anaerobic on-site treatment of black water and dairy parlour wastewater in UASB-septic tanks at low temperatures.
11  beeswax
(18 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
FTIR (2 times)
OA (2 times)
PW (2 times)
2001 Lipid particle size effect on water vapor permeability and mechanical properties of whey protein/beeswax emulsion films.
12  bitewing
(18 times)
Dentistry
(13 times)
PA (3 times)
ICDAS (2 times)
Pan (2 times)
1984 Relationships between bitewing and periapical radiographs in assessing crestal alveolar bone levels.
13  Baden-Wurttemberg
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
CI (4 times)
AQP (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1993 Attitudes of neurologists, psychiatrists, and psychotherapists towards predictive testing for Huntington's disease in Germany.
14  backward
(15 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
FW (14 times)
BW-LT (2 times)
BW-RT (2 times)
1996 Ontogeny of postural adjustments during sitting in infancy: variation, selection and modulation.
15  baseline wander
(14 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(11 times)
ECG (11 times)
PLI (4 times)
EMG (3 times)
2005 Wavelet Approach for ECG Baseline Wander Correction and Noise Reduction.
16  body wt
(12 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
GFR (2 times)
adult control (1 time)
AQP2 (1 time)
1986 Systemic toxicity of diphtheria toxin-related fragments (CRM26, CRM45), a hormone-toxin hybrid protein (TRH-CRM45), and ricin A.
17  biologic width
(11 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
PD (2 times)
SD (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2001 Biologic Width around one- and two-piece titanium implants.
18  ballast water
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
BWE (2 times)
BT (1 time)
BWR (1 time)
2011 Enumerating sparse organisms in ships' ballast water: why counting to 10 is not so easy.
19  bladder wall
(9 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
BT (2 times)
DVH (2 times)
RW (2 times)
1992 Bladder wash cytology and flow cytometry for the diagnosis of transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder.
20  body water
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ECW (3 times)
BIA (2 times)
HD (2 times)
1988 [Estimation of body water in the lactating goat by injection of urea].
21  biological weapons
(8 times)
Military Medicine
(5 times)
WMD (1 time)
2002 Landscape with dead sheep: what they did to Gruinard Island.
22  brain weight
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CL (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1984 Graft formation in Solanum pennellii (Solanaceae).
23  beam walking
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BB (3 times)
MWM (3 times)
OF (2 times)
1992 alpha-Noradrenergic agonists and antagonists affect recovery and maintenance of beam-walking ability after sensorimotor cortex ablation in the rat.
24  black women
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
WW (6 times)
BM (5 times)
WM (5 times)
1996 Traditional risk factors and ischemic stroke in young adults: the Baltimore-Washington Cooperative Young Stroke Study.
25  body wall
(7 times)
Biology
(3 times)
RT (2 times)
AQ (1 time)
BF (1 time)
2001 Resistance against migrating ascaris suum larvae in pigs immunized with infective eggs or adult worm antigens.
26  Brillouin-Wigner
(6 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
RS (3 times)
CAS (2 times)
Mk (2 times)
1999 Molecular Applications of a Size-Consistent State-Specific Multireference Perturbation Theory with Relaxed Model-Space Coefficients.
27  beam walk
(5 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
TBI (3 times)
CCI (2 times)
PRAZ (2 times)
1990 Norepinephrine and brain damage: alpha noradrenergic pharmacology alters functional recovery after cortical trauma.
28  Black-and-White
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ARs (1 time)
CAST (1 time)
DNMS (1 time)
2004 Bovine mu-calpain (CAPN1) gene: new SNP within intron 14.
29  body weight gain
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
DY (1 time)
FCR (1 time)
2007 Carcass weight, growth performance and internal organs size of broilers fed graded levels of Saccharomycese cervicia supplemented diets.
30  British White
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BSA (4 times)
CIDQ (1 time)
DT (1 time)
2002 Effect of culture and environment on the phenomenology of delusions and hallucinations.
31  Browman-Wyse
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
RGC (1 time)
1989 Defective myelination in the optic nerve of the Browman-Wyse (BW) mutant rat.
32  barrows
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AID (1 time)
ATTD (1 time)
CGM (1 time)
2018 Chemical composition, energy, and amino acid digestibility in 7 cottonseed co-products fed to growing pigs.
33  behavioral willingness
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
BI (2 times)
BE (1 time)
2005 Families and risk: prospective analyses of familial and social influences on adolescent substance use.
34  bound water
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FW (2 times)
WC (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2008 Postharvest changes in water status and chlorophyll content of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) and their relationship with overall visual quality.
35  Brain water
(4 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
AOB (1 time)
BO (1 time)
1989 Traumatic shock and head injury: effects of fluid resuscitation on the brain.
36  brewery wastewater
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ALA (1 time)
ALAD (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2005 Biological formation of 5-aminolevulinic acid by photosynthetic bacteria.
37  brisk walking
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
baPWV (1 time)
BDT (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2015 Effect of yoga on arterial stiffness in elderly subjects with increased pulse pressure: A randomized controlled study.
38  backward wave
(3 times)
Optics and Photonics
(2 times)
EM (2 times)
FW (2 times)
BWNRs (1 time)
2006 Acoustic backward-wave negative refractions in the second band of a sonic crystal.
39  Beckwith-Wiedemann
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
B1AF (1 time)
HB (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
1989 Reversible obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in the Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome.
40  bio-weapons
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
--- 2009 Isolation of a human-like antibody fragment (scFv) that neutralizes ricin biological activity.
41  biodegradable waste
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
MT (1 time)
NBW (1 time)
VOF (1 time)
2003 Solid waste management in Indian Himalayan tourists' treks: a case study in and around the Valley of Flowers and Hemkund Sahib.
42  black versus white
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
HV (3 times)
LTN (1 time)
NPG (1 time)
1977 Effects of subcortical lesions on visual intensity discriminations in rats.
43  bone wax
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
WSW (2 times)
2014 Effect of hemostatic material on sternal healing after cardiac surgery.
44  Bouc-Wen
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
VTS (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
MPI (1 time)
2014 Adaptation of the modified Bouc-Wen model to compensate for hysteresis in respiratory motion for the list-mode binning of cardiac SPECT and PET acquisitions: testing using MRI.
45  bowel wall
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
US (2 times)
CEUS (1 time)
I-aGVHD (1 time)
1986 Quantitative myoelectric determination of bowel viability.
46  boxed warning
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
FDA (2 times)
AR (1 time)
DILI (1 time)
2013 Safety information in drug labeling: a comparison of the USA, the UK, and Japan.
47  bread wheat
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
DW (1 time)
GBLUP (1 time)
2015 PLANT OLIGOSACCHARIDES ENHANCE WHEAT DEFENCE RESPONSE AGAINST SEPTORIA LEAF BLOTCH.
48  Brooker-Wills
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
G-K (1 time)
GK (1 time)
IM (1 time)
1986 Biomechanical performance of locked intramedullary nail systems in comminuted femoral shaft fractures.
49  brown water
(3 times)
Technology
(2 times)
FW (3 times)
CSTR (1 time)
SeqBR (1 time)
2013 Anaerobic co-digestion of source segregated brown water (feces-without-urine) and food waste: for Singapore context.
50  kg-body weight
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EDCs (2 times)
GJIC (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
1997 Differential dose-dependent effects of alpha-, beta-carotenes and lycopene on gap-junctional intercellular communication in rat liver in vivo.
51  (HW)-to-body weight
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CVDs (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2004 Myocardial hypertrophy of normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats.
52  Ba-Wei-Di-Huang decoction
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
DSS (2 times)
HL (2 times)
2009 Age-related expression of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II A in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of senescence accelerated mouse prone/8 mice is modulated by anti-Alzheimer's disease drugs.
53  backwash
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
FDR (1 time)
FRR (1 time)
ICE (1 time)
2007 A net water production model for ultrafiltration including flow direction reversal and chemically assisted backwashing.
54  backwashing
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
CEB (1 time)
CF (1 time)
CIP (1 time)
1992 Backwashing procedure for on-line reuse of a plasma fractionator in cryofiltration.
55  bacteriostatic water
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BALF (1 time)
DAC (1 time)
EIA (1 time)
2000 Heparin inhibits eicosanoid metabolism and hyperventilation-induced bronchoconstriction in dogs.
56  bamboo waste
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
KG (1 time)
MFC (1 time)
P-CL (1 time)
2014 Bioelectricity from kitchen and bamboo waste in a microbial fuel cell.
57  basic wave
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LD (2 times)
RW (2 times)
CW (1 time)
1993 Fundamental patterns and characteristics of the laser-Doppler skin blood flow waves recorded from the finger or toe.
58  before weaning
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AW (1 time)
DGGE (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1994 Performance (re-acquisition) of a water-maze task by adult meadow voles: effects of age of initial task acquisition and in utero environment (litter sex-ratio).
59  Belgian Waterslager
(2 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
AIP1 (1 time)
WDR1 (1 time)
2008 WDR1 presence in the songbird basilar papilla.
60  bilateral weakness
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
DP (1 time)
FI (1 time)
UW (1 time)
1996 Study of labyrinthine function in children using the caloric test: our results.
61  bilinear wedge
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
LW (2 times)
ASF (1 time)
WW (1 time)
2006 Laser ultrasound measurement and finite-element simulation on the dispersion behaviors of acoustic waves propagating along wedges with bilinear cross sections.
62  bio-wastes
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AnS (1 time)
SBO (1 time)
2011 Acid soluble bio-organic substances isolated from urban bio-waste. Chemical composition and properties of products.
63  biowarfare
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BT (1 time)
2008 Antibody gene-based prophylaxis and therapy for biodefence.
64  biphasic waveform
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MW (2 times)
AFI (1 time)
ECV (1 time)
2007 [Biphasic versus monophasic shock waveforms for transthoracic cardioversion of atrial flutter in the emergency room].
65  bird watching
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
PS (2 times)
SWS (2 times)
MRF (1 time)
1986 Markov-dependency and spectral analyses on spike-counts in mesencephalic reticular neurons during sleep and attentive states.
66  birthweight to placental weight
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MEP (1 time)
2018 The problem with using the birthweight:placental weight ratio as a measure of placental efficiency.
67  bittern water
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
sIgA (1 time)
2007 Preventive effect of water containing magnesium ion on paw edema in adjuvant-induced arthritis rat.
68  black-white
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
HV (1 time)
1978 Visual discrimination following partial telencephalic ablations in nurse sharks (Ginglymostoma cirratum).
69  bladder weight
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
BOO (1 time)
MVV (1 time)
pBOO (1 time)
2004 [The evaluation of bladder outlet obstruction using the bladder weight calculation nomogram].
70  body weight at birth
(2 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
BL (1 time)
CFF (1 time)
2010 Analysis of body measurements of newborn purebred Belgian Blue calves.
71  bolus wizards
(2 times)
Endocrine System Diseases
(2 times)
CSII (2 times)
CGM (1 time)
T1D (1 time)
2014 Assessment of use of specific features of subcutaneous insulin infusion systems and their relationship to metabolic control in patients with type 1 diabetes.
72  bone water
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2008 Cortical bone water: in vivo quantification with ultrashort echo-time MR imaging.
73  brain water content
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CHT (1 time)
HS (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2000 Effects of fluid management on edema volume and midline shift in a rat model of ischemic stroke.
74  BW (NBW)
(2 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
HBW (1 time)
LBW (1 time)
NBW (1 time)
2017 Association of birth weight with abdominal obesity and weight disorders in children and adolescents: the weight disorder survey of the CASPIAN-IV Study.
75  high-bandwidth
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CNR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2010 Designing adiabatic radio frequency pulses using the Shinnar-Le Roux algorithm.
76  sodium-bicarbonated mineral water
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CCK (1 time)
CW (1 time)
TAG (1 time)
2012 A sodium-bicarbonated mineral water reduces gallbladder emptying and postprandial lipaemia: a randomised four-way crossover study.
77  traits--body weight
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
BL (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2005 Relationships between quantitative and reproductive fitness traits in animals.
78  weight-to-body weight
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ANP (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
DHEA (1 time)
1998 Brain natriuretic peptide inhibits hypoxic pulmonary hypertension in rats.
79  (HPMC)-beeswax
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
HPMC (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2008 Fatty acid effect on hydroxypropyl methylcellulose-beeswax edible film properties and postharvest quality of coated 'Ortanique' mandarins.
80  B wave band
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
IB (1 time)
UB (1 time)
1997 [Slow pressure waves during intracranial hypertension].
81  Ba-Wei-Di-Huang
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2015 A Co-Module Regulated by Therapeutic Drugs in a Molecular Subnetwork of Alzheimer's Disease Identified on the Basis of Traditional Chinese Medicine and SAMP8 Mice.
82  baby walker
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2009 Baby walkers: a perspective from Turkey.
83  Bacal-Wierusz
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 1998 [Late results of the Harrington treatment method for posttraumatic injuries of the thoracic and lumbar spine].
84  back of the wrist
(1 time)
Leprosy
(1 time)
FH (1 time)
1987 Surface pH of Normal Skin.
85  backward direction
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
FW (1 time)
2011 Detecting temporal reversals in human locomotion.
86  backward prediction
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
FW (1 time)
SVC (1 time)
2011 Fast bi-directional prediction selection in H.264/MPEG-4 AVC temporal scalable video coding.
87  backward speech
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
FW (1 time)
2012 Cerebral hemodynamics in newborn infants exposed to speech sounds: a whole-head optical topography study.
88  backward-wave material
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
PBG (1 time)
2002 Photonic band gap structure containing metamaterial with negative permittivity and permeability.
89  backwash water
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PAC (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
WTP (1 time)
2018 Molecular surveillance of Cryptosporidium and Giardia duodenalis in sludge and spent filter backwash water of a water treatment plant.
90  Baden-Wuerttemberg/Germany
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
IUFD (1 time)
2014 Fetal mortality at and beyond term in singleton pregnancies in Baden-Wuerttemberg/Germany 2004-2009.
91  Baekwoon
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
KTI (1 time)
non-denaturing PAGE (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2012 Proteomic characterization of Kunitz trypsin inhibitor variants, Tia and Tib, in soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill].
92  balancing the groups for liveweight
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
BCS (1 time)
PGF2 alpha (1 time)
2003 Effects of ram introduction after the second prostaglandin F2 alpha injection on day 11 on the LH surge characteristics in fat-tailed ewes.
93  banana weevil
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
RAPD (1 time)
2007 Population structure of the banana weevil, an introduced pest in the Canary Islands, studied by RAPD analysis.
94  bandwidth of tuning curve
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
BF (1 time)
2015 Acute restraint stress alters sound-evoked neural responses in the rat auditory cortex.
95  bare waste tailings
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CZ (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2016 Ecological restoration alters microbial communities in mine tailings profiles.
96  barley-wheat
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
TwS (1 time)
2013 Influence of flour blend composition on fermentation kinetics and phytate hydrolysis of sourdough used to make injera.
97  basal transverse width
(1 time)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
MW (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of the right and left ventricles: An integrated approach measuring the area, length, and width of the chambers in normal fetuses.
98  baseband width
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
RoF (1 time)
SOI (1 time)
2013 Ultracompact ring resonator microwave photonic filters based on photonic crystal waveguides.
99  baseline weeks
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
EW (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
HRV-G (1 time)
2018 Training Prescription Guided by Heart Rate Variability in Cycling.
100  basic eye health worker
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
MM (1 time)
SV (1 time)
1991 The cost effectiveness of strategies to reduce barriers to cataract surgery. The Operations Research Group.