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Abbreviation: CA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
carbonic anhydrase
(1810 times)
Biochemistry
(338 times)
AZ (29 times)
IOP (29 times)
CAT (27 times)
1975 Electron microscopic localization of carbonic anhydrase (CA) activity in rabbit cornea.
catecholamine
(1112 times)
Neurology
(230 times)
DA (221 times)
NE (221 times)
NA (146 times)
1968 [Histochemical studies of extraocular muscles. I. Histochemistry of catecholamine (CA) in rabbit and human extraocular muscles].
cardiac arrest
(970 times)
Emergency Medicine
(312 times)
CPR (240 times)
ROSC (190 times)
VF (75 times)
1981 Myocardial flow distribution. II : Empty beating heart, ventricular fibrillation and cardiac arrest.
chromosomal aberrations
(786 times)
Genetics
(252 times)
MN (273 times)
SCE (272 times)
MI (119 times)
1981 Hormone dependency of chromosome aberrations induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene in rat bone marrow cells: site-specific increase by erythropoietin.
coronary angiography
(721 times)
Cardiology
(280 times)
CAD (114 times)
PCI (70 times)
KD (42 times)
1977 [Effect of mezaton on experimental myocardial infarct with arrhythmias in rabbits].
citric acid
(472 times)
Environmental Health
(88 times)
EDTA (33 times)
AA (24 times)
SEM (22 times)
1975 Influence of mixtures of taurocholate, fatty acids, and monolein on the toxic effects of deoxycholate in rat jejunum in vivo.
chronological age
(451 times)
Pediatrics
(124 times)
BA (138 times)
DA (48 times)
SA (36 times)
1976 Relationships between skeletal maturity and submaximal working capacity in boys 8 to 18 years.
cellulose acetate
(395 times)
Polysaccharides
(53 times)
SEM (22 times)
PES (16 times)
FTIR (15 times)
1982 Influence of silica and carrageenan on spleen colonies and colonies in murine peritoneal cell-coated cellulose acetate membranes.
cholic acid
(374 times)
Biochemistry
(83 times)
CDCA (122 times)
DCA (101 times)
UDCA (51 times)
1975 Proceedings: The influence of cholic acid (CA) and dehydrocholic acid (DCA) on the biliary excretion of sulfobromophthalein (BSP) and of BSP-GSH in rats.
10  carbohydrate antigen
(372 times)
Neoplasms
(121 times)
CEA (164 times)
CT (33 times)
AFP (16 times)
1985 Establishment and characterization of the human cholangiocarcinoma cell line HChol-Y1 in a serum-free, chemically defined medium.
11  cluster analysis
(347 times)
Environmental Health
(165 times)
PCA (231 times)
DA (40 times)
FA (28 times)
1989 Pattern recognition study of QSAR substituent descriptors.
12  contact angle
(332 times)
Chemistry
(122 times)
SEM (54 times)
AFM (49 times)
XPS (39 times)
1987 Does aspirin damage canine gastric mucosa by reducing its surface hydrophobicity?
13  caffeic acid
(321 times)
Biochemistry
(79 times)
FA (55 times)
CGA (29 times)
RA (25 times)
1983 [Biliary excretion of choleretically active cinnamic acid derivatives in the rat].
14  capsid
(318 times)
Virology
(175 times)
HIV-1 (79 times)
NC (70 times)
MA (48 times)
1991 Amino acids encoded downstream of gag are not required by Rous sarcoma virus protease during gag-mediated assembly.
15  catheter ablation
(288 times)
Cardiology
(209 times)
AF (189 times)
LA (37 times)
VT (31 times)
1990 The effects of percutaneous catheter ablation on preexisting permanent pacemakers.
16  carotid artery
(272 times)
Neurosurgery
(55 times)
IJV (27 times)
IMT (19 times)
CEA (15 times)
1975 Pressure-flow relations in the vessels of the canine aortic arch.
17  cornu ammonis
(258 times)
Neurology
(99 times)
DG (69 times)
AD (31 times)
MDD (12 times)
1988 Changes in septo-hippocampal projections after lateral entorhinal or combined entorhinal-raphe lesions as studied by anterograde tracing methods.
18  contrast agent
(250 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(105 times)
MRI (54 times)
DCE-MRI (16 times)
AIF (15 times)
1997 [Conventional magnetic resonance angiography and contrast enhanced magnetic resonance angiography of extracranial blood vessel segments].
19  constitutively active
(229 times)
Cell Biology
(51 times)
DN (77 times)
WT (26 times)
PI3K (12 times)
1994 Construction of a synthetic gene for the metalloregulatory protein MerR and analysis of regionally mutated proteins for transcriptional regulation.
20  cancer antigen
(225 times)
Neoplasms
(89 times)
CEA (52 times)
OS (12 times)
AFP (9 times)
1986 [Monoclonal antibodies in the diagnosis and follow-up of ovarian cancer. CA 125 as a tumor marker. A cooperative study of the Gynecologic Tumor Marker Group (GTMG)].
21  concentration addition
(222 times)
Environmental Health
(158 times)
IA (149 times)
CI (11 times)
MDR (10 times)
2003 Water quality objectives for mixtures of toxic chemicals: problems and perspectives.
22  cerebral autoregulation
(201 times)
Physiology
(58 times)
BP (51 times)
CBFV (47 times)
CBF (45 times)
1981 Effect of two levels of induced hypocapnia on cerebral autoregulation in the acute phase of head injury coma.
23  community-acquired
(195 times)
Communicable Diseases
(84 times)
HA (90 times)
MRSA (82 times)
HCA (32 times)
1978 Changing ecology of acute bacterial empyema: occurrence and mortality at Boston City Hospital during 12 selected years from 1935 to 1972.
24  corrected age
(189 times)
Pediatrics
(105 times)
VLBW (27 times)
GA (26 times)
NICU (14 times)
1996 Neurodevelopmental outcome at 36 months' corrected age of preterm infants in the Multicenter Indomethacin Intraventricular Hemorrhage Prevention Trial.
25  cellular automata
(185 times)
Biology
(49 times)
GA (8 times)
PDE (4 times)
ABM (3 times)
1993 Cellular automata approaches to biological modeling.
26  corpora allata
(185 times)
Zoology
(85 times)
JH (122 times)
CC (21 times)
MF (10 times)
1974 Extracerebral caphalic neuroendocine complex of the blattids, Periplaneta americana (L.) and Neostylopyga rhombifolia (Stoll): An in situ study.
27  carnosic acid
(174 times)
Biochemistry
(29 times)
CS (16 times)
RA (15 times)
Nrf2 (14 times)
2003 Carnosic acid potentiates the antioxidant and prodifferentiation effects of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in leukemia cells but does not promote elevation of basal levels of intracellular calcium.
28  condyloma acuminatum
(154 times)
Dermatology
(34 times)
HPV (61 times)
PDT (11 times)
ALA (9 times)
1983 Immunohistochemical demonstration of human papilloma virus (HPV) antigens in oral squamous cell lesions.
29  community-associated
(149 times)
Communicable Diseases
(61 times)
MRSA (99 times)
HA (76 times)
PVL (30 times)
2005 Molecular epidemiology of community- and health care-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Manitoba, Canada.
30  Candida albicans
(138 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(33 times)
SA (14 times)
EC (11 times)
CT (9 times)
1975 Mast cell sensitizing antibody (MCSAb) response in experimental candidiasis: chromatographic studies.
31  capsid protein
(133 times)
Virology
(50 times)
HIV-1 (37 times)
CypA (18 times)
CTD (17 times)
1992 Evidence for retroviral capsid and nucleocapsid antigens in ovine pulmonary carcinoma.
32  cyproterone acetate
(128 times)
Endocrinology
(33 times)
EE (9 times)
TP (8 times)
DHT (7 times)
1975 Cyproterone acetate diminishes sexual activity in male rabbits.
33  cardiac amyloidosis
(125 times)
Cardiology
(70 times)
LV (29 times)
CMR (24 times)
LGE (18 times)
1985 Cardiac amyloidosis: combined use of two-dimensional echocardiography and electrocardiography in noninvasive screening before biopsy.
34  Caucasian American
(122 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
AA (112 times)
HCV (10 times)
PCa (10 times)
1989 Serum fatty acids and fish intake in rural Japanese, urban Japanese, Japanese American and Caucasian American men.
35  celiac artery
(122 times)
General Surgery
(52 times)
SMA (83 times)
IMA (14 times)
PSV (11 times)
1987 The blood flow to the islets of Langerhans in different regions of the rat pancreas.
36  carcinoma
(114 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
HGD (7 times)
BPH (6 times)
CT (6 times)
1978 Serum steroids in normal males and patients with prostatic diseases.
37  chronoamperometry
(111 times)
Chemistry
(31 times)
CV (78 times)
XRD (29 times)
EIS (28 times)
2000 Ferricyanide reduction by Escherichia coli: kinetics, mechanism, and application to the optimization of recombinant fermentations.
38  cold-acclimated
(111 times)
Physiology
(39 times)
NA (24 times)
WA (12 times)
BAT (10 times)
1976 Circulatory changes in cold-acclimation and cold stress.
39  catecholaminergic
(108 times)
Neurology
(44 times)
TH (31 times)
DA (11 times)
NTS (8 times)
1976 Parkinsonian akinesia, rigidity and tremor in the monkey. Histopathological and neuropharmacological study.
40  conversation analysis
(108 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(24 times)
PCA (12 times)
ASD (4 times)
EF (3 times)
1992 Repair strategies in aphasic discourse; towards a collaborative model.
41  chlorogenic acid
(107 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
DBPs (6 times)
GA (5 times)
NCA (5 times)
1990 Inhibitory effects of chlorogenic acid, reserpine, polyprenoic acid (E-5166), or coffee on hepatocarcinogenesis in rats and hamsters.
42  cinnamaldehyde
(98 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
TRPA1 (10 times)
AITC (9 times)
AI (5 times)
1983 Cytotoxicity of cinnamic aldehyde on leukemia L1210 cells.
43  cancer
(89 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
BPH (4 times)
CD (4 times)
PSA (4 times)
1981 [Results of needle-biopsy of the pleura (author's transl)].
44  California
(87 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(16 times)
NY (9 times)
AZ (8 times)
FL (7 times)
1987 Temperature and water quality effects in simulated woodland pools on the infection of Culex mosquito larvae by Lagenidium giganteum (Oomycetes: Lagenidiales) in North Carolina.
45  clavulanic acid
(82 times)
Microbiology
(25 times)
CTX (6 times)
CAZ (4 times)
ESBL (4 times)
1984 In vitro activity of ticarcillin plus clavulanic acid against 632 clinical isolates.
46  correspondence analysis
(78 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
PCA (9 times)
RSCU (7 times)
CCA (6 times)
1988 Computerized classification of two-dimensional gel electrophoretograms by correspondence analysis and ascendant hierarchical clustering.
47  Caucasian
(77 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
AA (67 times)
MS (5 times)
BMI (4 times)
1998 Assessing culturally different students for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder using behavior rating scales.
48  congenital anomalies
(77 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
OR (8 times)
CI (6 times)
CHD (4 times)
1985 Congenital anomalies in the Hutterite population: a preliminary survey and hypothesis.
49  cold agglutinins
(74 times)
Hematology
(36 times)
CAD (6 times)
RF (4 times)
CCAD (2 times)
1975 [High titer cold agglutinins with anti-pr specificity after rubella infection (author's transl)].
50  carotid atherosclerosis
(71 times)
Vascular Diseases
(20 times)
IMT (11 times)
CAD (7 times)
CI (6 times)
1988 Systemic arterial hypertension and coronary atherosclerosis. Observations in survivors of a first myocardial infarction.
51  cinnamic acid
(68 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
SA (11 times)
BA (4 times)
CAL (4 times)
1984 An animal model for nonimmunologic contact urticaria.
52  controlled atmosphere
(64 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(30 times)
1-MCP (12 times)
LT (3 times)
MAP (3 times)
1971 Effect of controlled atmosphere on growth of mold on synthetic media and fruit.
53  corpus allatum
(62 times)
Zoology
(33 times)
JH (34 times)
CC (10 times)
PI (5 times)
1977 Ultrastructural localization of juvenile hormone biosynthesis by insect corpora allata.
54  cortisone acetate
(58 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
HC (6 times)
CY (4 times)
PA (4 times)
1976 Further observations on the inhibition of tumor growth by Corynebacterium parvum with cyclophosphamide. II. Effect of cortisone acetate.
55  conceptional age
(57 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
EEG (11 times)
GA (7 times)
QS (5 times)
1981 [Seizures in premature neonates and in full-term neonates (author's transl)].
56  control area
(56 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
OA (10 times)
HBRA (7 times)
IA (6 times)
1980 Efficiency of cardioplegia in the presence of coronary occlusion.
57  clofibric acid
(53 times)
Environmental Health
(25 times)
DCF (9 times)
CBZ (5 times)
DFC (4 times)
1987 Serum levels of free non-protein bound clofibrinic acid after single dosing to patients with impaired renal function of various degrees--a multicenter study.
58  cryoablation
(53 times)
Urology
(25 times)
RFA (25 times)
AVNRT (3 times)
IRE (3 times)
2001 Value of three-dimensional US for optimizing guidance for ablating focal liver tumors.
59  calcium alginate
(52 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
SA (6 times)
ACF (2 times)
BMB (2 times)
1988 Toxic effect of calcium alginate swabs on Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
60  conventional angiography
(52 times)
Radiology
(20 times)
MRA (16 times)
CT (6 times)
CTA (6 times)
1983 Digital subtraction angiography for evaluation of extracranial carotid occlusive disease: comparison with conventional arteriography.
61  caffeine
(51 times)
Pharmacology
(19 times)
TB (16 times)
PX (14 times)
TP (14 times)
1978 Evidence for repair of ultraviolet-induced damage in Cystobacter species (Myxobacterales).
62  categorical agreement
(51 times)
Microbiology
(40 times)
EA (24 times)
mE (16 times)
BMD (14 times)
2004 Multicenter evaluation of use of penicillin and ampicillin as surrogates for in vitro testing of susceptibility of enterococci to imipenem.
63  chorioamnionitis
(46 times)
Perinatology
(14 times)
GA (7 times)
BPD (6 times)
PPROM (6 times)
1985 A possible "communication line" between the conceptus and the uterus.
64  corpora amylacea
(46 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
AD (8 times)
PAS (3 times)
PD (3 times)
1978 Corpora amylacea of the lumbar spinal cord and peripheral nervous system.
65  cytosine-adenine
(45 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
IGF-I (7 times)
AM (4 times)
IGF-1 (4 times)
1995 Genetic diagnosis using polymerase chain reaction and fluorescent in-situ hybridization analysis of biopsied cells from both the cleavage and blastocyst stages of individual cultured human preimplantation embryos.
66  calcium antagonists
(44 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
ACEI (8 times)
BP (4 times)
ABPM (3 times)
1982 [Interaction between calcium antagonists and vascular postsynaptic alpha-receptors].
67  celiac axis
(44 times)
General Surgery
(19 times)
SMA (19 times)
CHA (8 times)
PD (6 times)
1991 Evidence that combined procurement of pancreas and liver grafts does not affect transplant outcome.
68  cyanuric acid
(44 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
HPLC (4 times)
MEL (4 times)
MM (3 times)
1981 High performance liquid chromatographic determination of cyanuric acid in human urine and pool water.
69  contrast arteriography
(42 times)
Vascular Diseases
(25 times)
MRA (15 times)
DA (5 times)
DUAM (5 times)
1986 A comparison of two radionuclide ejection-fraction techniques with contrast angiography in ischemic heart disease and valvular heart disease.
70  conjoint analysis
(41 times)
Health Services
(9 times)
AHP (4 times)
WTP (4 times)
SCI (2 times)
1998 Methodological issues in the application of conjoint analysis in health care.
71  cerebellar ataxia
(40 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
PD (4 times)
EMG (3 times)
SARA (3 times)
1992 Exclusion of stromelysin-1, stromelysin-2, interstitial collagenase and fibronectin genes as the mutant loci in a family with recessive epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica and a form of cerebellar ataxia.
72  childhood adversity
(37 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
CI (5 times)
FA (3 times)
HPA (3 times)
2010 Childhood adversity, adult stressful life events, and risk of past-year psychiatric disorder: a test of the stress sensitization hypothesis in a population-based sample of adults.
73  choanal atresia
(37 times)
Otolaryngology
(18 times)
CT (3 times)
BCA (2 times)
CS (1 time)
1991 Esophageal atresia, choanal atresia, and dysautonomia.
74  circulatory arrest
(36 times)
General Surgery
(21 times)
CPB (10 times)
EEG (3 times)
NIRS (3 times)
1984 Fourrier analysis demonstrate EEG slowing after circulatory arrest at 20 degrees C.
75  contact area
(36 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
PP (13 times)
PCP (8 times)
PTI (7 times)
2000 Dynamic pedobarography (DPB) in operative management of cavovarus foot deformity.
76  cyanoacrylate
(36 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
GV (4 times)
BRTO (3 times)
AL (2 times)
1999 Cytotoxicity of polymerized commercial cyanoacrylate adhesive on cultured human oral fibroblasts.
77  calyculin A
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
OA (15 times)
PP1 (9 times)
PP (5 times)
1994 Calyculin A, a non-phorbol ester type tumor promotor, induced oxidative DNA damage in stimulated human neutrophil-like cells.
78  Centella asiatica
(35 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
3-NPA (2 times)
AD (2 times)
AV (2 times)
1994 In vitro experiments with Centella asiatica: investigation to elucidate the effect of an indigenously prepared powder of this plant on the acid-fastness and viability of M. tuberculosis.
79  cortical area
(35 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
MA (8 times)
TA (6 times)
CCT (4 times)
1980 New standards of cortical mass in the humerus of neonates: a means of evaluating bone loss in the premature infant.
80  cerebral aneurysm
(34 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
MCP-1 (5 times)
eNOS (4 times)
NF-kappaB (4 times)
2002 Mouse model of cerebral aneurysm: experimental induction by renal hypertension and local hemodynamic changes.
81  Cobb angle
(33 times)
Orthopedics
(13 times)
AIS (5 times)
ODI (4 times)
TA (3 times)
1999 [Effect of Harrington instrumentation spondylodesis on scoliotic thoracic deformity. A retrospective 5-year analysis].
82  p-coumaric acid
(33 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
FA (7 times)
MCT (3 times)
2,5-DHB (2 times)
1993 Kinetics of the oxidation of p-coumaric acid by prostaglandin H synthase and hydrogen peroxide.
83  cavernous angioma
(32 times)
Neurosurgery
(12 times)
MRI (6 times)
AVM (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1988 Familial cavernous angiomas of the brain in an Hispanic family.
84  chromosomal abnormalities
(32 times)
Obstetrics
(4 times)
SCE (6 times)
DS (5 times)
MM (4 times)
1987 Chromosomal abnormalities and sister-chromatid exchange in bone marrow cells of mice and Chinese hamsters after inhalation and intraperitoneal administration: I. Diepoxybutane.
85  carbonate apatite
(31 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
HA (8 times)
OCP (4 times)
ACP (3 times)
1998 Analysis of in vitro reaction layers formed on Bioglass using thin-film X-ray diffraction and ATR-FTIR microspectroscopy.
86  cerebellar atrophy
(29 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
OPCA (3 times)
LFS (2 times)
PD (2 times)
1985 [Cerebellar atrophy in epileptic patients: computer tomography study].
87  centrosome amplification
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
CIN (7 times)
MM (3 times)
PLK4 (3 times)
2010 Centrosome amplification as a possible marker of mitotic disruptions and cellular carcinogenesis in multiple myeloma.
88  cochlear aqueduct
(27 times)
Otolaryngology
(20 times)
CSF (7 times)
CT (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1982 Functional patency of the cochlear aqueduct.
89  catheter angiography
(26 times)
Radiology
(10 times)
CTA (5 times)
CAD (3 times)
CT (3 times)
1986 The role of intravenous digital subtraction angiography in the evaluation of extracranial carotid artery disease. Can the decision for carotid artery surgery be made solely on the basis of its findings?
90  classification accuracy
(26 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(14 times)
EEG (10 times)
BCI (8 times)
LDA (6 times)
2004 Extracting features for a brain-computer interface by self-organising fuzzy neural network-based time series prediction.
91  cytosine arabinoside
(26 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
MMC (4 times)
5-FU (2 times)
ADM (2 times)
1964 CYTOSINE ARABINOSIDE (CA) AND OTHER NUCLEOSIDES IN HERPES VIRUS INFECTIONS.
92  catechol
(25 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
DA (10 times)
HQ (5 times)
Ph (5 times)
1981 In vivo electrochemical detection of catechols in several dopaminergic brain regions of anaesthetized rats.
93  colanic acid
(24 times)
Microbiology
(8 times)
EPS (6 times)
LPS (4 times)
MGA (2 times)
1996 Organization of the Escherichia coli K-12 gene cluster responsible for production of the extracellular polysaccharide colanic acid.
94  comet assay
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
MN (8 times)
MNT (3 times)
BDI (2 times)
2001 [DNA comet assay for evaluation of genotoxic effects in risk groups].
95  post-cardiac arrest
(23 times)
Emergency Medicine
(9 times)
CPC (5 times)
CPR (4 times)
TH (4 times)
2013 Effect of mild hypothermia on the coagulation-fibrinolysis system and physiological anticoagulants after cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a porcine model.
96  carbon aerogel
(22 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
EIS (2 times)
Mb (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
2001 Adsorption of Supercritical N(2) and O(2) on Pore-Controlled Carbon Aerogels.
97  contagious agalactia
(22 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
Ma (6 times)
Mmc (6 times)
Mcc (3 times)
2001 A multiplex-PCR for the diagnosis of contagious agalactia of sheep and goats.
98  corneal astigmatism
(22 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
CCT (8 times)
CC (6 times)
ACD (5 times)
2008 Dominant genetic effects on corneal astigmatism: the genes in myopia (GEM) twin study.
99  corosolic acid
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
UA (4 times)
MA (3 times)
OA (3 times)
2004 Corosolic acid induces GLUT4 translocation in genetically type 2 diabetic mice.
100  cutaneous allodynia
(22 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
ASC (2 times)
CGRP (2 times)
CH (2 times)
2007 Optimizing the transplant dose of a human neuronal cell line graft to treat SCI pain in the rat.