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Abbreviation: CAD
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Long forms: 373

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
coronary artery disease
(20642 times)
Cardiology
(7895 times)
CI (1123 times)
MI (1121 times)
OR (888 times)
0 [Cardiovascular complications of cancers and anti-cancer therapy].
computer-aided detection
(1375 times)
Radiology
(363 times)
CT (153 times)
CAM (109 times)
CTC (58 times)
1986 Cloning simulation in the cage environment.
computer-aided diagnosis
(976 times)
Radiology
(264 times)
ROC (101 times)
SVM (75 times)
CT (67 times)
1975 [Classification of computer aided diagnosis (CAD)].
collisionally activated dissociation
(315 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(240 times)
ECD (48 times)
ESI (28 times)
IRMPD (25 times)
1983 Rapid detection of Fusarium mycotoxins in grains by quadrupole mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry.
cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase
(140 times)
Botany
(80 times)
PAL (23 times)
CCR (22 times)
SAD (8 times)
1988 Cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase, a molecular marker specific for lignin synthesis: cDNA cloning and mRNA induction by fungal elicitor.
caspase-activated DNase
(108 times)
Biochemistry
(38 times)
ICAD (13 times)
DFF (7 times)
AIF (4 times)
1998 Molecular cloning and characterization of human caspase-activated DNase.
charged aerosol detector
(102 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(59 times)
ELSD (22 times)
HPLC (18 times)
HILIC (11 times)
2006 Evaluation of column bleed by using an ultraviolet and a charged aerosol detector coupled to a high-temperature liquid chromatographic system.
cervical artery dissection
(93 times)
Neurology
(38 times)
MRI (7 times)
ICA (6 times)
ICAD (5 times)
1997 Cervical artery dissections.
chronic allograft dysfunction
(77 times)
Transplantation
(43 times)
AR (6 times)
CNI (6 times)
TGF-beta1 (6 times)
2000 Cyclosporine withdrawal in stable renal transplant recipients after azathioprine-mycophenolate mofetil conversion.
10  cold agglutinin disease
(77 times)
Hematology
(42 times)
AIHA (15 times)
CA (6 times)
CR (6 times)
1979 [Cold agglutinin disease (CAD), paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria (PCH) and intravascular hemolysis].
11  coronary heart disease
(72 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
MI (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
CABG (3 times)
1976 Effects of isometric exercise on the end-diastolic pressure, volumes, and function of the left ventricle in man.
12  canine atopic dermatitis
(67 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(60 times)
CADESI (7 times)
CADLI (4 times)
PVAS (4 times)
2005 The Influence of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on total lipid fatty acid composition of a canine mastocytoma cell line.
13  chronic actinic dermatitis
(64 times)
Dermatology
(50 times)
PLE (8 times)
UV (5 times)
PMLE (4 times)
1984 Patch and photopatch testing in chronic actinic dermatitis.
14  coronary atherosclerotic disease
(53 times)
Vascular Diseases
(13 times)
MI (4 times)
OR (4 times)
AMI (3 times)
1991 Relation of extent of extracranial carotid artery atherosclerosis as measured by B-mode ultrasound to the extent of coronary atherosclerosis.
15  carotid artery dissection
(51 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
KD (9 times)
VAD (8 times)
ICA (7 times)
1996 [Cerebral artery dissection].
16  Cystic adventitial disease
(37 times)
General Surgery
(23 times)
MRI (3 times)
CFA (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1994 Recurrence of cystic adventitial disease in an interposed vein graft.
17  coronary disease
(36 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
EF (3 times)
LV (3 times)
CABG (2 times)
1977 The effect of near-maximal isometric stress on the presence and amplitude of fourth heart sounds.
18  cardiovascular disease
(34 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
BMI (3 times)
CAC (3 times)
ADH1C (2 times)
1998 [Markers of hemostatic activation in the coronary sinus versus peripheral circulation in coronary artery disease. Effects of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty].
19  caries-affected dentin
(33 times)
Dentistry
(24 times)
SD (6 times)
ND (5 times)
ANOVA (4 times)
2004 Micro-tensile bond strength of self-etching primer adhesive systems to human coronal carious dentin.
20  carotid artery disease
(32 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
CAS (8 times)
CEA (6 times)
TIA (3 times)
1982 Ocular neovascularization with retinal vascular occlusion. II. Occurrence in central and branch retinal artery occlusion.
21  computer-aided detection and diagnosis
(32 times)
Radiology
(9 times)
AAPM (2 times)
AUC (2 times)
CBIR (2 times)
2000 Digital and Computer-Aided Mammography.
22  Canadian dollars
(31 times)
Economics, Medical
(3 times)
QALYs (4 times)
QALY (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2002 Clinical aspects and cost of invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae infections in children: resistant vs. susceptible strains.
23  carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase-aspartate transcarbamoylase-dihydroorotase
(28 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
PALA (3 times)
BBF (2 times)
DHFR (2 times)
1986 Regulation of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase-aspartate transcarbamoylase-dihydroorotase gene expression in growing and arrested cells.
24  cadaveric donor
(26 times)
Transplantation
(15 times)
LRD (19 times)
GFR (4 times)
LD (4 times)
1983 The effect of cyclosporine on early graft function in human renal transplantation.
25  cadaver
(24 times)
Transplantation
(14 times)
LRD (11 times)
LD (4 times)
PRA (3 times)
1979 Renal transplantation for patients with type I and type II membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis: serial complement and nephritic factor measurements and the problem of recurrence of disease.
26  continuous androgen deprivation
(23 times)
Urology
(17 times)
IAD (15 times)
OS (5 times)
PSA (5 times)
1995 Overview analysis issues using combined androgen deprivation overview analysis as an example.
27  2-chloroadenosine
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
NECA (9 times)
CPA (4 times)
NO (3 times)
1989 Adenosine receptor-mediated relaxation in coronary artery: evidence for a guanyl nucleotide-binding regulatory protein involvement.
28  caspase-activated deoxyribonuclease
(21 times)
Science
(3 times)
ICAD (4 times)
ALL (2 times)
DFF40 (2 times)
1998 A caspase-activated DNase that degrades DNA during apoptosis, and its inhibitor ICAD.
29  cationic amphiphilic drug
(21 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
PLD (3 times)
BRO (2 times)
cPLA2 (2 times)
1985 Cationic amphiphilic drugs inhibit the synthesis of long-chain fatty acyl coenzyme A in rat brain microsomes.
30  CAD group
(19 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
HD (2 times)
hs-CRP (2 times)
MBF (2 times)
1984 Significant coronary artery disease detected by amyl nitrite and systolic time intervals.
31  C-terminal transactivation domain
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
FIH (9 times)
HIF-1alpha (6 times)
HIF (4 times)
1999 Molecular mechanisms of transcription activation by HLF and HIF1alpha in response to hypoxia: their stabilization and redox signal-induced interaction with CBP/p300.
32  Color Assessment and Diagnosis
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
RG (7 times)
YB (6 times)
AMD (3 times)
2005 Evaluation of the new web-based "Colour Assessment and Diagnosis" test.
33  cis-aconitate decarboxylase
(15 times)
Microbiology
(8 times)
IA (5 times)
ELISA (2 times)
acnB (1 time)
2002 Purification and characterization of cis-aconitic acid decarboxylase from Aspergillus terreus TN484-M1.
34  Cath.a-differentiated
(13 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
2-AG (1 time)
AC6 (1 time)
AEA (1 time)
2002 Heterologous sensitization of adenylate cyclase is protein kinase A-dependent in Cath.a differentiated (CAD)-D2L cells.
35  cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
BRS (2 times)
HRV (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1989 Importance of cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in IDDM subjects with diabetic nephropathy.
36  chronic airway diseases
(11 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
BAL (4 times)
IL-8 (3 times)
NCF (3 times)
1991 [C5 contents and neutrophil chemotactic activities in bronchiolar and alveolar regions].
37  cadherin
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
ALP (4 times)
APN (4 times)
ABCC2 (1 time)
1993 Molecular cloning of mouse pancreatic islet R-cadherin: differential expression in endocrine and exocrine tissue.
38  CRAC activation domain
(9 times)
Science
(3 times)
ER (5 times)
STIM1 (5 times)
CaM (1 time)
2009 STIM1 clusters and activates CRAC channels via direct binding of a cytosolic domain to Orai1.
39  cricoarytenoideus dorsalis
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
RLN (5 times)
CAL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1992 Histologic evaluation of nerve muscle pedicle graft used as a treatment for left laryngeal hemiplegia in standardbreds.
40  cumulative abstinence duration
(9 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
AUD (4 times)
ABST (1 time)
ACT (1 time)
1998 Combined efficacy of acamprosate and disulfiram in the treatment of alcoholism: a controlled study.
41  chronic aortic dissection
(8 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
AAD (4 times)
FL (3 times)
TEVAR (2 times)
1995 [Management of patients with closing aortic dissection].
42  crossed aphasia in dextrals
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
18F-FDG PET (1 time)
ACA (1 time)
ARL (1 time)
2001 Acquired crossed aphasia in dextral children revisited.
43  cadence
(7 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
HR (4 times)
RPE (2 times)
AT (1 time)
1989 Improving the validity of clinical exercise testing: the relationship between practice and performance.
44  compensatory articulation disorder
(7 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
SI (2 times)
VPI (2 times)
CLP (1 time)
1999 A comparative trial of two modalities of speech intervention for compensatory articulation in cleft palate children, phonologic approach versus articulatory approach.
45  complete axillary dissection
(7 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
SLN (4 times)
AD (1 time)
ASLN (1 time)
1983 Biopsy and definitive radiation therapy in Stage I and II adenocarcinoma of the female breast: analysis of cosmesis and the role of electron beam supplementation.
46  cervicocerebral artery dissection
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ICA (1 time)
ICAD (1 time)
LAA (1 time)
2001 Spontaneous Arterial Dissection.
47  community-acquired diarrhea
(6 times)
Virology
(2 times)
HAD (3 times)
ANI (1 time)
NAD (1 time)
1999 Differential yield of pathogens from stool testing of nosocomial versus community-acquired paediatric diarrhea.
48  compound adsorption device
(6 times)
Hematology
(5 times)
PCT (3 times)
HSR (2 times)
PAS III (2 times)
2001 Pharmacokinetic and toxicology assessment of INTERCEPT (S-59 and UVA treated) platelets.
49  constitutive activation domain
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CREB (5 times)
KID (3 times)
TAF (2 times)
1994 Three distinct regions within the constitutive activation domain of cAMP regulatory element-binding protein (CREB) are required for transcription activation.
50  cystic adventitial degeneration
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
IVUS (2 times)
1977 Cystic adventitial degeneration of the common femoral artery.
51  circular anal dilator
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
TEM (2 times)
CSA (1 time)
CSS (1 time)
2005 New devices for stapled rectal mucosectomy: a multicenter experience.
52  citric acid derivative
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
AlCol (1 time)
AM (1 time)
2007 Amniotic membrane immobilized poly(vinyl alcohol) hybrid polymer as an artificial cornea scaffold that supports a stratified and differentiated corneal epithelium.
53  Computer assisted detection systems
(5 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
DDSM (1 time)
MIP (1 time)
MSCT (1 time)
2004 Morphological concentric layer analysis for automated detection of suspicious masses in screening mammograms.
54  contact allergic dermatitis
(5 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
DNFB (2 times)
PEA (2 times)
PPAR-alpha (2 times)
1992 Topical ketoconazole does not potentiate oral cyclosporin A in allergic contact dermatitis.
55  cumulative advantage/disadvantage
(5 times)
Aging
(3 times)
SRH (2 times)
SEP (1 time)
WFC (1 time)
2009 An investigation of family SES-based inequalities in depressive symptoms from early adolescence to emerging adulthood.
56  CAD and IS
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IS (2 times)
MI (2 times)
SNP (2 times)
2013 Association of genetic polymorphisms in ADH and ALDH2 with risk of coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction: a meta-analysis.
57  Canadian
(4 times)
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
BCBS (1 time)
CRIF (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2009 Financial impact of spinal cord stimulation on the healthcare budget: a comparative analysis of costs in Canada and the United States.
58  carbamoyltransferase/dihydroorotase
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
APL (1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
1992 Heat sensitivity and Sp1 activation of complex formation at the Syrian hamster carbamoyl-phosphate synthase (glutamine-hydrolyzing)/aspartate carbamoyltransferase/dihydroorotase promoter in vitro.
59  Cardiac autonomic dysfunction
(4 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
HRV (2 times)
BP (1 time)
E/I (1 time)
2004 Effects of different dialysis modalities on cardiac autonomic dysfunctions in end-stage renal disease patients: one year prospective study.
60  caries-affected
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
SD (3 times)
CHX (2 times)
CSEB (1 time)
2009 Effect of 2% chlorhexidine digluconate on the bond strength to normal versus caries-affected dentin.
61  cavernosal artery diameter
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
PSV (4 times)
ICI (3 times)
PPDU (2 times)
2006 Diagnostic value of nitric oxide, lipoprotein(a), and malondialdehyde levels in the peripheral venous and cavernous blood of diabetics with erectile dysfunction.
62  children and adolescents
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
APS (1 time)
BIPS (1 time)
IQ (1 time)
2015 Twelve-month psychosis-predictive value of the ultra-high risk criteria in children and adolescents.
63  cis-aconityl-doxorubicin
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
DOX (2 times)
PEI (2 times)
CAA (1 time)
2013 A pH-sensitive charge-conversion system for doxorubicin delivery.
64  Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
CDT (1 time)
CROP (1 time)
1988 Results of a prospective, 18-month clinical evaluation of culture, cytotoxin testing, and culturette brand (CDT) latex testing in the diagnosis of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea.
65  comorbid anxiety and depression
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
GDS (1 time)
HAMA (1 time)
HAMD (1 time)
2005 Comorbidity of depression and anxiety in nursing home patients.
66  complicated acute diverticulitis
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
AD (1 time)
FD (1 time)
HP (1 time)
2010 Missed opportunities for primary repair in complicated acute diverticulitis.
67  Computer aided diagnosis/detection
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
PACS (2 times)
SR (2 times)
DICOM (1 time)
2007 CAD-PACS integration tool kit based on DICOM secondary capture, structured report and IHE workflow profiles.
68  confined aquatic disposal
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
DAMOS (1 time)
PAF (1 time)
2004 Understanding the physical and environmental consequences of dredged material disposal: history in New England and current perspectives.
69  conserved ATPase domain
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
--- 1996 A component of the 26S proteasome binds on orphan member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily.
70  contact area difference
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
cRMSD (1 time)
ICM (1 time)
1997 Contact area difference (CAD): a robust measure to evaluate accuracy of protein models.
71  cumulative aphid-days
(4 times)
Zoology
(4 times)
EILs (1 time)
IPM (1 time)
NDVI (1 time)
2012 Soybean aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) development on soybean with Rag1 alone, Rag2 alone, and both genes combined.
72  current alcohol dependence
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
AUDIT (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
1998 Screening trauma patients for alcoholism according to NIAAA guidelines with alcohol use disorders identification test questions.
73  cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, dexamethasone
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ABSCT (2 times)
PBSC (2 times)
CTC (1 time)
2001 Cyclophosphamide, adriamycin and dexamethasone (CAD) is a highly effective therapy for patients with advanced multiple myeloma.
74  cadaveric donation
(3 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
LD (2 times)
FSGS (1 time)
GN (1 time)
2000 Cadaveric versus living donor kidney transplantation: a Medicare payment analysis.
75  canine AD
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
AD (3 times)
cDNA (1 time)
GSD (1 time)
2013 Expression of thymic stromal lymphopoietin in canine atopic dermatitis.
76  cardiac assist device
(3 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
CPB (1 time)
CT (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
2009 Conventional radiography and computed tomography of cardiac assist devices.
77  caspase-dependent DNase
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AIF (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
2002 Molecular mechanisms of non-apoptosis by Fas stimulation alone versus apoptosis with an additional actinomycin D in cultured cardiomyocytes.
78  catalytic domain
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
2001 Molecular cloning and structural analysis of the gene encoding Bacillus cereus exochitinase Chi36.
79  catecholamine A differentiated
(3 times)
Nervous System
(1 time)
CRMP2 (1 time)
SUMO (1 time)
2013 CRMP2 protein SUMOylation modulates NaV1.7 channel trafficking.
80  Cervicocephalic artery dissection
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
APS (1 time)
CCADS (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2008 Postpartum cervicocephalic artery dissection.
81  charged aerosol
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
CV (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2014 Quantification of individual phenolic compounds' contribution to antioxidant capacity in apple: a novel analytical tool based on liquid chromatography with diode array, electrochemical, and charged aerosol detection.
82  Cinnamaldehyde
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
2MOCA (1 time)
c-di-GMP (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2004 Combined effects of ethanol and cinnamaldehyde in the Japanese medaka embryo-larval assay (MELA).
83  computer-aided lung nodule detection
(3 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
LIDC (1 time)
MSCT (1 time)
2005 Computer-aided lung nodule detection in CT: results of large-scale observer test.
84  cytokine adsorption device
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
IL-10 (2 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
TNF (2 times)
2009 A simple mathematical model of cytokine capture using a hemoadsorption device.
85  CA disease
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CA (2 times)
ALMCA (1 time)
CAAO (1 time)
1981 Regional coronary angiographic observations during cold stimulation in patient with exertional chest pain: comparison of diameter responses in normal and fixed stenotic vessels.
86  CAD patients than in control subjects
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2011 Circulating omentin is associated with coronary artery disease in men.
87  cad protein
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
cad (2 times)
Bcd (1 time)
UTR (1 time)
1990 Effects of ectopic expression of caudal during Drosophila development.
88  cadaveric donor grafts
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ALG (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
LD (1 time)
1983 Acute rejection episodes after renal transplantation in children.
89  cadmium chloride
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
CP (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
1984 Immunotoxic effects of diethylstilbestrol (DES) and cadmium chloride (CAD) on host resistance: comparison with cyclophosphamide (CPS).
90  calreticulin anti-angiogenic domain
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
CNV (2 times)
2017 Gene Delivery of Calreticulin Anti-Angiogenic Domain Attenuates the Development of Choroidal Neovascularization in Rats.
91  cannabis abuse and dependence
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2008 Measured environmental contributions to cannabis abuse/dependence in an offspring of twins design.
92  capillary area density
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
CAR (1 time)
CND (1 time)
2008 Effect of morphology on placentome size, vascularity, and vasoreactivity in late pregnant sheep.
93  carbonic anhydrase II deficiency
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
GH (2 times)
CMA (1 time)
IGFs (1 time)
1998 Disturbances of growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor axis and response to growth hormone in acidosis.
94  cardiac ischemic disease
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ATQ (2 times)
BDI (2 times)
HS (2 times)
2007 [The evolution of depressive symptoms in coronary artery disease patients after successful coronary angioplasty].
95  caries-affected dentine surfaces
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
FESEM (1 time)
XRD (1 time)
2015 Mechanical and chemical characterisation of demineralised human dentine after amalgam restorations.
96  carotid artery distensibility
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ARF (1 time)
betaSI (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2014 Carotid intima media thickness and arterial stiffness in children with acute rheumatic fever.
97  carotid endarterectomy
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AAA (1 time)
AVF (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2000 Variation in time spent on the waiting list for elective vascular surgery: a case study.
98  cassava anthracnose disease
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
IITA (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2002 In vitro, greenhouse and field assessments of cassava lines for resistance to anthracnose disease caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides f.sp. manihotis.
99  cathepsin D
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AGT (1 time)
APOE (1 time)
IGF2 (1 time)
2005 Candidate genes associated with ageing and life expectancy in the Jerusalem longitudinal study.
100  cecropin AD
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CELP (1 time)
DLPG (1 time)
ITC (1 time)
1994 Binding and state of aggregation of spin-labeled cecropin AD in phospholipid bilayers: effects of surface charge and fatty acyl chain length.