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Abbreviation: CAI
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Long forms: 212

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
chronic ankle instability
(350 times)
Sports Medicine
(211 times)
SEBT (36 times)
COP (19 times)
LAS (18 times)
2002 Factors Contributing to Chronic Ankle Instability: A Strength Perspective.
computer-assisted instruction
(213 times)
Education
(48 times)
ADN (2 times)
APNs (2 times)
ASD (2 times)
1974 The medical librarian and computer-assisted instruction.
codon adaptation index
(116 times)
Molecular Biology
(31 times)
RSCU (23 times)
ENC (22 times)
COA (6 times)
1994 Compositional heterogeneity of the Escherichia coli genome: a role for VSP repair?
clinical activity index
(100 times)
Gastroenterology
(65 times)
UC (77 times)
GMA (18 times)
IBD (14 times)
1989 Health status and disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus.
carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
(78 times)
Ophthalmology
(35 times)
IOP (19 times)
POAG (5 times)
BB (4 times)
1979 Volume expansion-induced alterations in proximal tubule chloride gradient in the rat.
carboxyamidotriazole
(76 times)
Neoplasms
(24 times)
IL (5 times)
VEGF (5 times)
AA (4 times)
1993 Quantitation of human plasma levels of the anticancer agent carboxyamidotriazole by high-performance liquid chromatography.
condomless anal intercourse
(57 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(29 times)
MSM (31 times)
YMSM (6 times)
AOR (5 times)
2015 Binge drinking and risky sexual behavior among HIV-negative and unknown HIV status men who have sex with men, 20 US cities.
central apnea index
(54 times)
Psychophysiology
(16 times)
AHI (26 times)
CSA (21 times)
PSG (14 times)
1995 Central apnea index decreases after prolonged treatment with acetazolamide.
carbonic anhydrase I
(40 times)
Molecular Biology
(14 times)
CAII (8 times)
RBC (3 times)
BFU-E (2 times)
1974 Deficiency of a carbonic anhydrase (CAI) isoenzyme in the chinchilla.
10  chronic allograft injury
(27 times)
Transplantation
(13 times)
CNI (4 times)
AR (3 times)
GFR (3 times)
2008 Long-term outcome of early steroid withdrawal after kidney transplantation in African American recipients monitored by surveillance biopsy.
11  colitis activity index
(25 times)
Gastroenterology
(20 times)
UC (16 times)
IBD (8 times)
CD (6 times)
1994 [Substitution of factor XIII concentrate in treatment refractory ulcerative colitis. A prospective pilot study].
12  community-acquired infection
(25 times)
Communicable Diseases
(11 times)
HAI (15 times)
HCAI (4 times)
MRSA (4 times)
1992 An 11-month incidence study of infections in wards of a district general hospital.
13  central adrenal insufficiency
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(12 times)
PWS (7 times)
ITT (3 times)
HPA (2 times)
2008 Evaluation of adrenal function using the human corticotrophin-releasing hormone test, low dose Synacthen test and 9am cortisol level in children and adolescents with central adrenal insufficiency.
14  Child Attachment Interview
(15 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
BPD (1 time)
CARFS (1 time)
CDISC (1 time)
2008 The Child Attachment Interview: a psychometric study of reliability and discriminant validity.
15  Cognitive Assessment Interview
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
AIMS (1 time)
ASEX (1 time)
BAS (1 time)
2010 The Cognitive Assessment Interview (CAI): development and validation of an empirically derived, brief interview-based measure of cognition.
16  calcium-aluminum-rich inclusion
(12 times)
Science
(8 times)
AOAs (2 times)
GWs (1 time)
HSE (1 time)
1991 Calcic micas in the allende meteorite: evidence for hydration reactions in the early solar nebula.
17  carotid artery injury
(11 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
BCVI (3 times)
VAI (3 times)
BCVIs (1 time)
2001 Blunt cerebrovascular injuries: diagnosis and treatment.
18  central augmentation index
(11 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
ECP (3 times)
LV (2 times)
pAI (2 times)
2005 Large artery stiffness and pulse wave reflection: results of a population-based study.
19  CA inhibitor
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CA (3 times)
CAII (1 time)
CAIX (1 time)
1992 Luminal pH in the amphibian distal tubule: effects of carbonic anhydrase and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors.
20  catheter-associated infection
(9 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
CVC (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
CRBSI (1 time)
1999 Reducing catheter-associated infections with silver-impregnated catheters in long-term therapy of children.
21  chronic alcohol intoxication
(8 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AH (1 time)
AW (1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
1989 [Disorders of immunity in alcoholic patients with myocardial infarction].
22  Children's Food and Beverage Advertising Initiative
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
NPM (2 times)
PAHO (2 times)
FLIP (1 time)
2011 Self-regulation by industry of food marketing is having little impact during children's preferred television.
23  complete androgen insensitivity
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
AR (2 times)
GSF (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
1979 Complete androgen insensitivity with a normal amount of 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone-binding activity in labium majus skin fibroblasts.
24  celiac artery infusion
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
5-FU (3 times)
UICC (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
1997 Celiac artery adjuvant chemotherapy. Results of a prospective trial.
25  Context Assessment Index
(6 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
PARIHS (2 times)
CFI (1 time)
RMSEA (1 time)
2009 Development and testing of the Context Assessment Index (CAI).
26  coronary atherosclerosis index
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CAD (4 times)
API (1 time)
CAG (1 time)
1993 [The relative assessment of atherosclerosis in vessels of major organs and its factors for progression].
27  cervical artificial insemination
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
DIUI (1 time)
IUI (1 time)
PCAI (1 time)
2011 Infiltration of local immune cells in the sow reproductive tracts after intra-uterine and deep intra-uterine insemination with a reduced number of spermatozoa is less than conventional artificial insemination.
28  cholesterol absorption inhibitor
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
NPC1L1 (2 times)
CE (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2002 Synthesis of fluorescent biochemical tools related to the 2-azetidinone class of cholesterol absorption inhibitors.
29  chronic aortic insufficiency
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ABI (1 time)
ARI (1 time)
CHAI (1 time)
1982 [Echocardiographic study of chronic aortic insufficiency. Hemodynamic, angiographic and total clinical correlates. II. Evaluation of left ventricular function].
30  Community Asthma Initiative
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
ROI (4 times)
ED (3 times)
ACOs (1 time)
2011 Children's hospital boston community Asthma initiative: partnerships and outcomes advance policy change.
31  condylar asymmetry index
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CG (3 times)
RAI (3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2013 Effects of early bilateral mandibular first molar extraction on condylar and ramal vertical asymmetry.
32  celiac axis infusion
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ASF (1 time)
HAP (1 time)
IHP (1 time)
1991 Celiac axis infusion (CAI) chemotherapy for advanced gastric cancer.
33  Children's Autobiographical Interview
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
AM (2 times)
CH (1 time)
HYPO (1 time)
2012 Episodic and Semantic Autobiographical Memory and Everyday Memory during Late Childhood and Early Adolescence.
34  chronic lateral ankle instability
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AOFAS (2 times)
AAI (1 time)
ATFL (1 time)
2015 Concomitant Syndesmotic Instability and Medial Ankle Instability Are Risk Factors for Unsatisfactory Outcomes in Patients With Chronic Ankle Instability.
35  cochlea amplifier implant
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
CA (2 times)
CI (2 times)
ITI (2 times)
1997 [Active electronic cochlear implants for middle and inner ear hearing loss--a new era in ear surgery. I: Basic principles and recommendations on nomenclature].
36  cultural agreement index
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
CII (4 times)
FL (4 times)
IAR (4 times)
2014 Ethnomedicinal application of native remedies used against diabetes and related complications in Mauritius.
37  carbon availability index
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BR (1 time)
GI (1 time)
GIR (1 time)
2016 Effects of Soil Temperature and Moisture on Soil Respiration on the Tibetan Plateau.
38  carbonic anhydrase-I isozyme
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
RBC (2 times)
Hb (1 time)
Zn (1 time)
1991 Erythrocyte carbonic anhydrase-I concentrations in patients with Graves' disease and subacute thyroiditis reflect integrated thyroid hormone levels over the previous few months.
39  Caring Ability Inventory
(3 times)
Education
(2 times)
CDI (1 time)
EI (1 time)
SALI (1 time)
2003 An assessment of pharmacists' caring ability.
40  Case Assessment and Interpretation
(3 times)
Jurisprudence
(3 times)
FSS (3 times)
2000 The impact of the principles of evidence interpretation on the structure and content of statements.
41  catecholamine index
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
SOFA (2 times)
ALI (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
2008 Early induction of PMX-DHP improves oxygenation in severe sepsis patients with acute lung injury.
42  chronic abdominal ischemia
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
ILLI (1 time)
LI (1 time)
2000 [Chronic abdominal ischemia: clinical manifestations, diagnostic potential and treatment policy].
43  coded aperture imaging
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
FAI (1 time)
GC (1 time)
MVPI (1 time)
1979 Thyroid scintigraphy with time-coded aperture.
44  Community Assessment Inventory
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
ASI (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
SAS (1 time)
2000 Measuring client clinical progress in therapeutic community treatment. The therapeutic community Client Assessment Inventory, Client Assessment Summary, and Staff Assessment Summary.
45  Competency Assessment Instrument
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CST (1 time)
IFI (1 time)
SMI (1 time)
1987 An evaluation of procedures for assessing competency to stand trial.
46  Comprehensive Asthma Inventory
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
SDS (2 times)
CMI (1 time)
CVA (1 time)
1984 [Studies on comprehensive asthma inventory (CAI). History of CAI and its current use].
47  compression after impact
(3 times)
Polymers
(1 time)
CFRP (2 times)
GFRP (1 time)
OHC (1 time)
2017 Compression Fracture of CFRP Laminates Containing Stress Intensifications.
48  Continuous apomorphine infusion
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PD (3 times)
LEDD (2 times)
RU-PEC (1 time)
2004 Continuous apomorphine infusion (CAI) and neuropsychiatric disorders in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease: a follow-up of two years.
49  continuous arterial infusion
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
HCT (1 time)
IVE (1 time)
1998 [Continuous arterial infusion of protease inhibitor with supplementary therapy for the patients with severe acute pancreatitis--clinical effect of arterial injection of ulinastatin].
50  calving interval
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
OR (2 times)
Ab (1 time)
AFC (1 time)
2010 Genetic and environmental parameters for milk production, udder health, and fertility traits in Mexican Holstein cows.
51  capsid assembly inhibitor
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
2005 A peptide inhibitor of HIV-1 assembly in vitro.
52  carcinogenic agents
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
ORs (1 time)
2013 Occupation and educational inequalities in laryngeal cancer: the use of a job index.
53  cardiac asymmetry index
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CCI (2 times)
CDIs (1 time)
CRA (1 time)
2009 Development of new cardiac deformity indexes for pectus excavatum on computed tomography: feasibility for pre- and post-operative evaluation.
54  cardiomyocyte apoptosis index
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AT2 (2 times)
con2 (2 times)
exp 2 (2 times)
2004 Astragalus prevents diabetic rats from developing cardiomyopathy by downregulating angiotensin II type2 receptors' expression.
55  cardiovascular autonomic insufficiency
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
PS (1 time)
1986 Study of cardiovascular autonomic insufficiency in advanced cancer patients.
56  cartilaginous acetabular index
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DDH (2 times)
AD (1 time)
BAI (1 time)
2012 Development of the osseous and cartilaginous acetabular index in normal children and those with developmental dysplasia of the hip: a cross-sectional study using MRI.
57  cavernous arterial insufficiency
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CC-EMG (1 time)
CVCM (1 time)
CVOD (1 time)
1993 Evaluation of erectile dysfunction by dynamic infusion cavernosometry and cavernosography (DICC). Multi-institutional study.
58  cell adhesion index
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
Bge (1 time)
IDS (1 time)
2002 Carbohydrate inhibition of Biomphalaria glabrata embryonic (Bge) cell adhesion to primary sporocysts of Schistosoma mansoni.
59  Central American Isthmus
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AFLP (1 time)
2002 Land barriers and open oceans: effects on gene diversity and population structure in Avicennia germinans L. (Avicenniaceae).
60  cervical arterial injuries
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CTA (1 time)
1999 Computed tomographic angiography as a screening modality for blunt cervical arterial injuries: preliminary results.
61  coach analysis instrument
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
CCAS (1 time)
1991 Measuring the reliability of a computer-aided systematic observation instrument.
62  coactivation index
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
GMFCS (1 time)
MVT (1 time)
2012 Antagonist muscle co-activation during straight walking and its relation to kinematics: insight from young, elderly and Parkinson's disease.
63  coeliac axis intra-arterial cyclic infusions
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
pts (1 time)
1997 Celiac artery adjuvant chemotherapy. Results of a prospective trial.
64  College of Anaesthesetists of Ireland
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CAST (1 time)
2017 EWTD compliance amongst Anaesthesia trainees in Ireland.
65  combined arteriosclerotic index
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
--- 2012 Age estimation based on a combined arteriosclerotic index.
66  computer-aided implantology
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CBCT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2011 Depth deviation and occurrence of early surgical complications or unexpected events using a single stereolithographic surgi-guide.
67  concentration addition index
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EAI (2 times)
BRI (1 time)
ERR (1 time)
2012 Two novel indices for quantitatively characterizing the toxicity interaction between ionic liquid and carbamate pesticides.
68  Contextual Assessment Inventory
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
--- 2009 Contextual variables affecting aggressive behaviour in individuals with mild to borderline intellectual disabilities who live in a residential facility.
69  continuous arterial infusion chemotherapy
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2004 Role of positron emission tomography with 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose in evaluating the effects of arterial infusion chemotherapy and radiotherapy on pancreatic cancer.
70  continuous subcutaneous apomorphine infusion
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
2004 Continuous apomorphine infusion (CAI) and neuropsychiatric disorders in patients with advanced Parkinson's disease: a follow-up of two years.
71  cyclone activity index
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1984 [Developments in mass screening for uterine cancer in the past 10 years (1972-1981) in Shimane Prefecture--cell sampling method and the central cytological diagnostic system].
72  5-amino-1-1(4'-chlorobenzoyl-3,5-dichlorobenzyl)-1,2,3-triazole-4-carboxamide
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Identification and characterization of human metabolites of CAI [5-amino-1-1(4'-chlorobenzoyl-3,5-dichlorobenzyl)-1,2,3-triazole- 4-carboxamide).
73  auditory canal
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 1983 [Microsurgical neurolysis of the 8th cranial nerve in cochleo-vestibular disorders using an extended transtemporal approach].
74  CA and CI combined
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
CAMI (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2013 Fermentation Quality of Ensiled Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) as Affected by Additives.
75  CA IX
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
2009 Imaging of CA IX with fluorescent labelled sulfonamides distinguishes hypoxic and (re)-oxygenated cells in a xenograft tumour model.
76  Ca-Al-rich inclusion
(1 time)
--- 2018 Adrianite, Ca12(Al4Mg3Si7)O32Cl6, a new Cl-rich silicate mineral from the Allende meteorite: An alteration phase in a Ca-Al-rich inclusion.
77  CA-binding peptide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
2008 Residues in the HIV-1 capsid assembly inhibitor binding site are essential for maintaining the assembly-competent quaternary structure of the capsid protein.
78  cabbage-specific identification
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
RAPD (1 time)
STS (1 time)
2003 DNA-based identification of Brassica vegetable species for the juice industry.
79  CAI ankles demonstrating longer EMD
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EMD (1 time)
2017 Peroneal electromechanical delay and fatigue in patients with chronic ankle instability.
80  CAI group reported greater disablement as indicated from PSC
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
mDPA (1 time)
MSC (1 time)
2018 Differences in the Modified Disablement in the Physically Active Scale in Those With and Without Chronic Ankle Instability.
81  CAI-Sp
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DAS-S (1 time)
FEP (1 time)
2016 The Cognitive Assessment Interview: A comparative study in first episode and chronic patients with psychosis.
82  calcium antagonists
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ISDN (1 time)
PR (1 time)
1978 [Effects of the association of Ca-antagonists with nitroderivatives or betablocking drugs in effort angina pectoris (author's transl)].
83  calcium influx inhibitor, carboxyamido-triazole
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HNSCC (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
1997 Inhibition of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma growth and invasion by the calcium influx inhibitor carboxyamido-triazole.
84  calcium influx, carboxyamido-triazole
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
PI3K (1 time)
1997 Regulation of cell spreading during differentiation in the muscarinic M5 receptor tumor-suppressor model.
85  calculated the index
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
BMC (1 time)
1989 [Ectopic calcification of the abdominal aorta and bone mineral content of vertebrae].
86  calculus index
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
GI (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2013 Assessment of Gingival Health Status among 5- and 12-Year-Old Children in Yemen: A Cross-Sectional Study.
87  calpain inhibitor
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
ISEL (1 time)
1999 Calpain inhibitor-1 reduces infarct size and DNA fragmentation of myocardium in ischemic/reperfused rat heart.
88  cAMP accumulation inhibitor
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CRI (1 time)
1984 Modulation of the cAMP relay in Dictyostelium discoideum by ammonia and other metabolites: possible morphogenetic consequences.
89  Canal accessibility index
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
TAI (1 time)
2008 Study of root canal accessibility in human primary molars.
90  capacity assessment and intervention
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
IDT (1 time)
2010 Determining if an older adult can make and execute decisions to live safely at home: a capacity assessment and intervention model.
91  Capsicum Annuum-Induced
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
2000 Isolation, partial sequencing, and expression of pathogenesis-related cDNA genes from pepper leaves infected by Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria.
92  captive-air irradiation
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LPG (1 time)
tNMHCs (1 time)
2005 Effect of liquefied petroleum gas on ozone formation in Guadalajara and Mexico City.
93  carboanhydraseinhibitors
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CCT (1 time)
CV (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
2012 [Central corneal thickness and corneal endothelial morphology with and without therapy using commercially available antiglaucomatous drugs].
94  cardiac acceleration index
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CPAP (1 time)
SV (1 time)
SVR (1 time)
2001 Continuous positive airway pressure normalizes cardiac autonomic and hemodynamic responses to a laboratory stressor in apneic patients.
95  cardiac anesthetic index
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
MAC (1 time)
2003 The cardiac anesthetic index of isoflurane in green iguanas.
96  carotid AI
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
cfPWV (1 time)
FRS (1 time)
2009 Pulse wave velocity is more closely associated with cardiovascular risk than augmentation index in the relatively low-risk population.
97  carotid amplification index
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
PP (1 time)
PWV (1 time)
2001 Pulse pressure and aortic pulse wave are markers of cardiovascular risk in hypertensive populations.
98  carotid artery
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
PDA (1 time)
RAs (1 time)
1989 Abnormal blood flow patterns in renal arteries of small preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus detected by Doppler ultrasonography.
99  cartilaginous AI
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
CE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2019 Predicting acetabular growth in developmental dysplasia of the hip following open reduction after walking age.
100  cataract after implant
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
CBI (1 time)
DMO (1 time)
2015 Long-term outcomes of phakic patients with diabetic macular oedema treated with intravitreal fluocinolone acetonide (FAc) implants.