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Abbreviation: CB
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Long forms: 1349

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cord blood
(1796 times)
Hematology
(639 times)
BM (245 times)
PB (183 times)
GVHD (100 times)
1979 In vitro culture of erythroid colonies from human fetal liver and umbilical cord blood.
carbon black
(608 times)
Toxicology
(117 times)
PM (34 times)
CNT (28 times)
CNTs (25 times)
1975 Response of rat lung to 3,4-benzpyrene administered by intratracheal instillation in infusine with or without carbon black.
carotid body
(548 times)
Physiology
(164 times)
CIH (42 times)
CSN (36 times)
DA (34 times)
1975 Some factors affecting tissue Po2 in the carotid body.
cytochalasin B
(464 times)
Cell Biology
(123 times)
fMLP (36 times)
CD (24 times)
PMA (19 times)
1971 Endocytosis in Chang liver cells. Quantitation by sucrose- 3 H uptake and inhibition by cytochalasin B.
cannabinoid
(386 times)
Pharmacology
(113 times)
AEA (32 times)
2-AG (31 times)
ECS (22 times)
1996 Cannabinoid receptor-mediated inhibition of dopamine release in the retina.
chronic bronchitis
(334 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(142 times)
COPD (92 times)
BALF (14 times)
CI (14 times)
1979 A consideration of risk factors and development of chronic bronchitis in a five-year follow-up study of an industrial population.
cryoballoon
(264 times)
Cardiology
(200 times)
AF (169 times)
PVI (150 times)
RF (76 times)
2009 Cryoballoon pulmonary vein isolation with real-time recordings from the pulmonary veins.
calbindin
(235 times)
Neurology
(111 times)
PV (146 times)
CR (138 times)
SOM (30 times)
1991 Calcium-binding proteins are concentrated in the CA2 field of the monkey hippocampus: a possible key to this region's resistance to epileptic damage.
conduction band
(234 times)
Chemistry
(110 times)
VB (100 times)
QDs (18 times)
DFT (16 times)
1992 Smooth muscle contraction bands in intestinal infarction.
10  cerebellum
(230 times)
Neurology
(84 times)
BS (30 times)
ST (27 times)
HC (25 times)
1978 [Projections to the inferior olive of the cat. I. Comparisons of input from the dorsal column nuclei, the lateral cervical nucleus, the spino-olivary pathways, the cerebral cortex and the cerebellum].
11  chlorobenzene
(155 times)
Environmental Health
(62 times)
DCB (16 times)
CF (13 times)
PCE (12 times)
1983 Chlorobenzene-impaired lindane metabolism and the effect of pretreatment with chlorobenzene, lindane, or chlorobenzene plus lindane.
12  cathepsin B
(117 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
CD (12 times)
CL (11 times)
BPH (6 times)
1987 Rapid action of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on calcium transport in perfused chick duodenum: effect of inhibitors.
13  clinical benefit
(108 times)
Neoplasms
(87 times)
PFS (32 times)
OS (25 times)
PR (18 times)
1999 [Possibilities of palliation in pancreatic cancer].
14  conduction block
(102 times)
Neurology
(68 times)
MMN (38 times)
IVIG (14 times)
AF (8 times)
1986 Motor neuropathy with proximal multifocal persistent conduction block, fasciculations and myokymia. Evolution to tetraplegia.
15  cognitive-behavioral
(99 times)
Psychology
(32 times)
PI (13 times)
LBP (5 times)
CBT (4 times)
1979 A cognitive-behavioral versus nondirective group treatment program for opioid-addicted persons: an adjunct to methadone maintenance.
16  calbindin D-28k
(80 times)
Neurology
(46 times)
PV (47 times)
CR (30 times)
ir (17 times)
1994 Compartmental distribution of parvalbumin and calbindin D-28k in rat globus pallidus.
17  cannabinoid receptor
(79 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
AEA (8 times)
FAAH (8 times)
ECS (7 times)
1997 Cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2: a characterization of expression and adenylate cyclase modulation within the immune system.
18  ciliary body
(75 times)
Ophthalmology
(40 times)
IOP (14 times)
TM (13 times)
AH (10 times)
1981 Regeneration of damaged ciliary epithelium in aphakic and pseudophakic eyes.
19  core biopsy
(75 times)
Neoplasms
(25 times)
FNA (16 times)
FNAC (11 times)
FNAB (6 times)
1977 The diagnostic accuracy and complications of closed lung biopsies.
20  cingulum bundle
(72 times)
Psychiatry
(20 times)
FA (35 times)
DTI (22 times)
UF (20 times)
1983 Effects of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine on HRP retrograde transport from hippocampus to midbrain raphe nuclei in the rat.
21  cone-beam
(70 times)
Biophysics
(33 times)
CT (26 times)
FBP (6 times)
FDK (4 times)
1988 Noise characteristics for cone beam collimators: a comparison with parallel hole collimator.
22  cocoa butter
(62 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
CBE (7 times)
TAG (7 times)
CBEs (5 times)
1975 Blockage of progesterone-induced release of LH by intrabrain implants of actinomycin D.
23  Cajal body
(53 times)
Molecular Biology
(25 times)
snRNPs (10 times)
snRNAs (9 times)
RNPs (6 times)
2001 [Cajal bodies in nuclei of oocytes from the scorpion fly Panorpa communis].
24  calcium-binding proteins calbindin
(49 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
CR (24 times)
PV (24 times)
ir (7 times)
1994 Neurochemical gradient along the monkey occipito-temporal cortical pathway.
25  concha bullosa
(48 times)
Otolaryngology
(22 times)
CT (12 times)
NSD (10 times)
CRS (4 times)
1994 Concha bullosa.
26  chromatoid body
(46 times)
Cell Biology
(11 times)
RNP (5 times)
IMC (4 times)
MVH (4 times)
1977 Spermatogenesis and the role of Sertoli cells in the freshwater snail Biomphalaria glabrata.
27  Clostridium butyricum
(46 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
IL (4 times)
FCR (3 times)
GLP-1 (3 times)
2004 [Observation on intestinal flora in patients of irritable bowel syndrome after treatment of Chinese integrative medicine].
28  conjugated bilirubin
(44 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
AST (8 times)
TB (7 times)
UCB (7 times)
1982 Cholic acid, chenodeoxycholic acid, alpha-1-fetoprotein and alpha-1-antitrypsin serum concentrations in breast-fed infants with prolonged jaundice.
29  caregiver burden
(43 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
AD (6 times)
PD (6 times)
MMSE (5 times)
2006 [A burden questionnaire for caregivers of peritoneal dialysis patients].
30  congenitally blind
(41 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
LB (16 times)
SC (12 times)
AB (2 times)
1997 Middle latency auditory evoked potentials in congenitally blind and normal sighted subjects.
31  controlled breathing
(39 times)
Occupational Medicine
(10 times)
HRV (4 times)
COPD (2 times)
DBP (2 times)
1994 Decreased heart rate variability in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
32  cross-bridge
(39 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
LV (4 times)
SR (4 times)
DCM (3 times)
1988 Crossbridge model compatible with the linear relation between left ventricular oxygen consumption and pressure-volume area.
33  clenbuterol
(37 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
HU (6 times)
EDL (5 times)
SOL (5 times)
1989 Acute effects of beta-adrenergic agonists on porcine adipocyte metabolism in vitro.
34  challenging behaviour
(36 times)
Psychiatry
(21 times)
ID (16 times)
ASD (5 times)
IDD (2 times)
1999 An inpatient treatment model for adults with mild intellectual disability and challenging behaviour.
35  cyanogen bromide
(36 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(16 times)
CII (9 times)
CIA (5 times)
EAU (2 times)
1977 Primary structure of rabbit skeletal muscle troponin-T. Sequence determination of the NH2-terminal fragment CB3 and the complete sequence of troponin-T.
36  compulsive buying
(35 times)
Psychiatry
(20 times)
CBS (4 times)
OCD (4 times)
PG (3 times)
2005 Study of compulsive buying in patients presenting obsessive-compulsive disorder.
37  cutting balloon
(33 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
RA (9 times)
ISR (7 times)
PCI (7 times)
1997 Immediate and chronic results of cutting balloon angioplasty: a matched comparison with conventional angioplasty.
38  carbamate
(31 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
OP (29 times)
AChE (16 times)
ChE (8 times)
1996 Thermoregulatory aspects of environmental exposure to anticholinesterase agents.
39  crossbred
(31 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
PB (21 times)
TNB (4 times)
CV (2 times)
1985 Production characters of first-generation cows of a five-breed diallel: reproduction of young cows and preweaning performance of inter se calves.
40  carboxybetaine
(30 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
SB (6 times)
PC (3 times)
PS (2 times)
2008 Nonfouling behavior of polycarboxybetaine-grafted surfaces: structural and environmental effects.
41  cytokinesis-blocked
(30 times)
Genetics
(7 times)
MN (22 times)
CBMN (3 times)
PBL (3 times)
1989 Screening for interindividual differences in radiosensitivity by means of the micronucleus assay in human lymphocytes.
42  Cassie-Baxter
(28 times)
Chemistry
(19 times)
MD (4 times)
SH (3 times)
WZ (3 times)
2012 The role of multiscale roughness in the Lotus effect: is it essential for super-hydrophobicity?
43  Chondroblastoma
(27 times)
Pathology
(9 times)
ABC (5 times)
GCT (3 times)
GCTB (3 times)
1995 Chondroblastoma arising from a nonepiphyseal site.
44  cuprolinic blue
(27 times)
Histocytochemistry
(7 times)
PGs (6 times)
GAGs (5 times)
RR (5 times)
1987 Ultrastructural localization of keratinocyte surface associated heparan sulphate proteoglycans in human epidermis.
45  cucurbituril
(26 times)
Chemistry
(17 times)
CD (5 times)
DE (2 times)
BM (1 time)
2002 Transition metal ion directed supramolecular assembly of one- and two-dimensional polyrotaxanes incorporating cucurbituril.
46  cesarean birth
(24 times)
Obstetrics
(18 times)
CIs (2 times)
VB (2 times)
AIC (1 time)
2014 Cesarean birth in the border region: a descriptive analysis based on US Hispanic and Mexican birth certificates.
47  conventional brackets
(24 times)
Orthodontics
(8 times)
SLB (12 times)
NiTi (3 times)
CEL (2 times)
1992 The impact of converting to a biphasic blood-culture system on the overall cost and the incidence of pseudobacteremia.
48  contralateral breast
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
IMRT (5 times)
PTV (5 times)
DIBH (4 times)
2006 The influence of reduction mammaplasty techniques in synchronous breast cancer diagnosis and metachronous breast cancer prevention.
49  cecropin B
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
AMPs (2 times)
CB-1 (2 times)
CB1 (2 times)
1997 Effects of the anti-bacterial peptide cecropin B and its analogs, cecropins B-1 and B-2, on liposomes, bacteria, and cancer cells.
50  Cognition Battery
(20 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
NIH (2 times)
EF (1 time)
NIH Toolbox CB (1 time)
2013 I. NIH Toolbox Cognition Battery (CB): introduction and pediatric data.
51  Coomassie Blue
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
IEF (2 times)
NR (2 times)
PAS (2 times)
1976 Immunochemical studies of infectious mononucleosis. V. Isolation and characterization of a glycoprotein from goat erythrocyte membranes.
52  carotid bifurcation
(18 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
CCA (7 times)
ECA (5 times)
ICA (5 times)
1990 Relationships between the degree and topography of the atherosclerotic lesions of the extracranial carotid axis with the clinical form of ischaemic attack, evaluated by duplex methodology.
53  centroblastic
(18 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
NHL (6 times)
IB (4 times)
CB-CC (3 times)
1987 Mitotic activity in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Relation to the Kiel classification and to prognosis.
54  chlorobiphenyl
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
PCBs (5 times)
CN (3 times)
PCB (2 times)
1979 The metabolically mediated DNA damage and subsequent DNA repair by 4-chlorobiphenyl in Chinese hamster ovary cells.
55  community-based
(18 times)
Malaria
(3 times)
CI (3 times)
HB (2 times)
HLC (2 times)
1995 Effects of halfway house placement on retention of patients in substance abuse aftercare.
56  cortical bone
(18 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
TB (4 times)
SB (3 times)
AB (2 times)
1990 Sensitivity of various bone parameters of laying hens to different daily calcium intakes.
57  central bronchiectasis
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
ABPA (13 times)
CT (6 times)
HAM (5 times)
1994 Central bronchiectasis in allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis: comparative evaluation of computed tomography of the thorax with bronchography.
58  chlorambucil
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
CLL (2 times)
PEG (2 times)
ADDC (1 time)
1979 Comparison of DES vs DES + chlorambucil in women with first recurrence of breast cancer.
59  covalent binding
(17 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
LP (5 times)
CaM (2 times)
HB (2 times)
1981 Further studies on dimethylnitrosamine metabolism, activation and its ability to cause liver injury.
60  cyberbullying
(17 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
TB (3 times)
CV (2 times)
ICT (2 times)
2013 Longitudinal and reciprocal relations of cyberbullying with depression, substance use, and problematic internet use among adolescents.
61  cortical blindness
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
ION (4 times)
POVL (4 times)
CRAO (3 times)
1993 Cortical blindness after cardiac catheterization: effect of rechallenge with dye.
62  chemical and biological
(15 times)
Occupational Medicine
(3 times)
CBRN (4 times)
AC (1 time)
ALD (1 time)
1990 Physiological effects of inspiratory resistance on progressive aerobic work.
63  corn bran
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
OB (4 times)
SH (4 times)
CON (3 times)
1979 Effects of some cereal brans and textured vegetable protein on plasma lipids.
64  coronal balance
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
AIS (4 times)
PT (3 times)
SVA (3 times)
2005 Assessment of trunk balance in thoracic scoliosis.
65  caudal block
(14 times)
Anesthesiology
(4 times)
PNB (4 times)
FLACC (2 times)
NRS (2 times)
2002 Regional anesthesia is a good alternative to general anesthesia in pediatric surgery: Experience in 1,554 children.
66  chitosan beads
(14 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DC (5 times)
CCB (4 times)
PCB (2 times)
2008 Reduction of ochratoxin a levels in red wine by bentonite, modified bentonites, and chitosan.
67  circular birefringence
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
LB (10 times)
CD (8 times)
LD (6 times)
2004 Measurement of circular birefringence and circular dichroism of the single crystals of lambda-(+)589- and delta-(-)589-tris(ethylenediamine)cobalt(III) triiodide monohydrate by the extended HAUP method.
68  criminal behavior
(14 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
AUD (6 times)
DA (6 times)
MD (2 times)
2013 Genetic and environmental risk factors in males for self-report externalizing traits in mid-adolescence and criminal behavior through young adulthood.
69  carotid bulb
(13 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CCA (6 times)
CIMT (4 times)
ICA (4 times)
2000 The role of polyester patch angioplasty in carotid endarterectomy: a multicenter study.
70  clopidogrel besylate
(13 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
CHS (7 times)
ACS (2 times)
PCI (2 times)
2009 Comparing the antiplatelet effect of clopidogrel hydrogensulfate and clopidogrel besylate: a crossover study.
71  commercial broilers
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
KNC (3 times)
KC (2 times)
OLH (2 times)
2011 Physiological responses of 3 chicken breeds to acute heat stress.
72  continuing bonds
(13 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
CG (1 time)
PRISMA (1 time)
PTG (1 time)
2004 Continuing bonds in coping with the death of a husband.
73  cyanobacteria
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
ATX-a (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
Chl a (1 time)
2005 Relationships between heterotrophic bacteria and cyanobacteria in the northern Adriatic in relation to the mucilage phenomenon.
74  Cibacron Blue
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CDNB (2 times)
GSTs (2 times)
IFN (2 times)
1987 New benzoquinone derivatives of dextran as carriers for interferon.
75  cigarette butts
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
CBL (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
LCB (1 time)
2017 Cigarette butts abundance and association of mercury and lead along the Persian Gulf beach: an initial investigation.
76  coliform bacteria
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
STEC (4 times)
ETEC (3 times)
FC (3 times)
2010 Incidence and behavior of Salmonella and Escherichia coli on whole and sliced zucchini squash (Cucurbitapepo) fruit.
77  constrictive bronchiolitis
(12 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
5-FU (1 time)
CT (1 time)
CTD (1 time)
1998 Constrictive (obliterative) bronchiolitis: diagnosis, etiology, and a critical review of the literature.
78  cannabis
(11 times)
Brain
(3 times)
HC (3 times)
DMN (2 times)
Glu (2 times)
2012 Structural network topology revealed by white matter tractography in cannabis users: a graph theoretical analysis.
79  canonical babbling
(11 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(6 times)
CBR (2 times)
ADS (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1999 Relationship between rhythmic behavior and canonical babbling in infant vocal development.
80  chlorinated biphenyl
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
PCB (4 times)
PCBs (3 times)
ALH (1 time)
1993 Coplanar polychlorinated biphenyl congener levels and patterns and the identification of separate populations of harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) in Denmark.
81  cinobufagin
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
BF (3 times)
RB (3 times)
DT (2 times)
1985 [Pharmacological studies of cinobufagin, in comparison with digitoxin].
82  consensus-based
(11 times)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional
(3 times)
EB (8 times)
CPGs (6 times)
CM (3 times)
1997 FPC: a system for building contigs from restriction fingerprinted clones.
83  Coulomb blockade
(11 times)
Nanotechnology
(5 times)
C-V (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
LB (1 time)
2002 Coulomb "Blockade" of nuclear spin relaxation in quantum dots.
84  carbon black particles
(10 times)
Toxicology
(7 times)
DEP (5 times)
PM (4 times)
LDH (2 times)
1998 The adjuvant activity of diesel exhaust particles and carbon black on systemic IgE production to ovalbumin in mice after intranasal instillation.
85  coronary bypass
(10 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
IHD (4 times)
ACF (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
2007 [Invasive treatment of acute coronary syndrome in multiple affection of the coronary arteries].
86  costimulation blockade
(10 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
BMT (3 times)
BMC (2 times)
MST (2 times)
2004 Ability of donor splenocytes with costimulation blockade to induce mixed hematopoietic chimerism and transplantation tolerance.
87  CalliSpheres beads
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
DEB-TACE (5 times)
ORR (3 times)
PFS (3 times)
2017 Comparison of pharmacokinetics and drug release in tissues after transarterial chemoembolization with doxorubicin using diverse lipiodol emulsions and CalliSpheres Beads in rabbit livers.
88  change blindness
(9 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
AD (1 time)
CBB (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2003 The role of representational volatility in recognizing pre- and postchange objects.
89  cognitive biopsy
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
FB (3 times)
csPCa (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2017 Effects of cognitive bias modification on social anxiety: A meta-analysis.
90  compression bandaging
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
MLD (5 times)
CDT (3 times)
AC (1 time)
1997 Pseudoaneurysm after cardiac catheterization: therapeutic interventions and their sequelae: experience in 86 patients.
91  concomitant boost
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
IMRT (3 times)
CRT (2 times)
RT (2 times)
2006 Concurrent weekly docetaxel and concomitant boost radiation therapy in the treatment of locally advanced squamous cell cancer of the head and neck.
92  control bread
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
AB (1 time)
betaGB (1 time)
BSG (1 time)
2009 beta-Glucan-enriched bread reduces energy intake and modifies plasma ghrelin and peptide YY concentrations in the short term.
93  cryobiopsy
(9 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
FB (4 times)
ACR (1 time)
AEILD (1 time)
2010 Immunohistochemical analyses of parathyroid hormone-dependent downregulation of renal type II Na-Pi cotransporters by cryobiopsy.
94  cytobrush
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
CS (3 times)
CT (2 times)
EC (2 times)
2011 Comparison of the cytobrush, cottonswab, and low-volume uterine flush techniques to evaluate endometrial cytology for diagnosing endometritis in chronically infertile mares.
95  cardiopulmonary bypass
(8 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
ICU (2 times)
MR (2 times)
A-a gradient (1 time)
1979 What role should the intra-aortic balloon have in cardiac surgery.
96  castor bean
(8 times)
Occupational Medicine
(4 times)
GCB (5 times)
1982 Coffee worker's allergy.
97  celestine blue
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CAT (2 times)
NBS (2 times)
STB (2 times)
1996 Mode of antimalarial effect of methylene blue and some of its analogues on Plasmodium falciparum in culture and their inhibition of P. vinckei petteri and P. yoelii nigeriensis in vivo.
98  central band
(8 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
IOM (3 times)
DAB (2 times)
DOAC (2 times)
1992 Interactions of the lepidotrichial matrix components during tail fin regeneration in teleosts.
99  Chlorophytum borivilianum
(8 times)
Naturopathy
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
anti-stress (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2008 Effects of Chlorophytum borivilianum on sexual behaviour and sperm count in male rats.
100  cholera toxin B subunit
(8 times)
Neuroanatomy
(4 times)
CSF (4 times)
SAP (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2008 Nasal administration of cholera toxin B subunit-nerve growth factor improves the space learning and memory abilities in beta-amyloid protein(25-35)-induced amnesic mice.