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Abbreviation: CCF
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Long forms: 199

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
carotid-cavernous fistula
(345 times)
Neurology
(108 times)
ICA (51 times)
SOV (23 times)
DSA (20 times)
1975 Thermography in the management of carotid-cavernous fistulas.
congestive cardiac failure
(63 times)
Medicine
(20 times)
MI (6 times)
LV (5 times)
CHD (4 times)
1980 Radionuclide and hemodynamic assessment of left ventricular functional reserve in patients with left ventricular aneurysm and congestive cardiac failure. Response to exercise stress and isosorbide dinitrate.
cross-correlation function
(57 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
HP (3 times)
HR (3 times)
PD (3 times)
1988 Auditory responses to the envelopes of pseudorandom noise stimuli in humans.
chronic cardiac failure
(56 times)
Therapeutics
(28 times)
IHD (6 times)
CHD (5 times)
EF (5 times)
1985 [Peripheral T-lymphocyte subpopulations in primary and alcoholic dilated cardiomyopathy].
Cleveland Clinic Foundation
(40 times)
Transplantation
(8 times)
LVAD (2 times)
MCA (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
1984 Human thoracic anatomy based on computed tomography for development of a totally implantable left ventricular assist system.
chest compression fraction
(28 times)
Emergency Medicine
(22 times)
CPR (18 times)
OHCA (10 times)
EMS (5 times)
2012 Comparison of methods for the determination of cardiopulmonary resuscitation chest compression fraction.
cranio-cervical flexion
(18 times)
Physical Medicine
(4 times)
SCM (8 times)
EMG (5 times)
CF (4 times)
2003 An electromyographic analysis of the deep cervical flexor muscles in performance of craniocervical flexion.
central composite face-centered
(15 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
RSM (5 times)
ACN (1 time)
CMA's (1 time)
2002 Determination of capsaicinoids in topical cream by liquid-liquid extraction and liquid chromatography.
cholecystocolonic fistula
(15 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
BP (1 time)
CDF (1 time)
CEF (1 time)
1995 Laparoscopic approach to cholecystocolic fistula: report of a case.
10  congenital clubfoot
(14 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
rEHBMCs (2 times)
ACa (1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
1992 Clinical and radiographic evaluation of the Codivilla method of surgical correction of congenital club foot. Medium-term follow-up of 235 cases.
11  coronary cameral fistula
(10 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
DCRV (1 time)
LAD (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2008 Acquired coronary cameral fistula--a report of two cases.
12  cell culture fluid
(9 times)
Biotechnology
(5 times)
HCCF (2 times)
CHO (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
1994 Examination of the activities of 43 chemotherapeutic agents against Neospora caninum tachyzoites in cultured cells.
13  Cleveland Clinic Florida
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
CD (1 time)
FI (1 time)
HCAHPS (1 time)
2002 [Laparoscopic surgery for colon diverticulitis].
14  coelomic cytolytic factor
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
CRT (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2004 Effect of experimental microbial challenge on the expression of defense molecules in Eisenia foetida earthworm.
15  conico-cylindrical flask
(7 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
EF (5 times)
PMMA (5 times)
EPS (1 time)
2011 Enhanced protease production in a polymethylmethacrylate conico-cylindrical flask by two biofilm-forming bacteria.
16  caroticoclinoid foramen
(6 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
ACP (3 times)
CCL (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2007 Ossification of caroticoclinoid ligament and its clinical importance in skull-based surgery.
17  cell-free culture filtrate
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
IFA (1 time)
MW (1 time)
1991 Vaccination of turkeys with cell-free culture filtrate of Pasteurella multocida.
18  central composite face
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
DoE (3 times)
MRM (2 times)
Sep (2 times)
2012 Design of experiments as a tool for LC-MS/MS method development for the trace analysis of the potentially genotoxic 4-dimethylaminopyridine impurity in glucocorticoids.
19  cholecalciferol
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AAA (1 time)
ACC (1 time)
AMPKalpha (1 time)
1999 Use of pamidronate to reverse vitamin D3-induced toxicosis in dogs.
20  concentrated culture filtrate
(6 times)
Botany
(4 times)
LPS (3 times)
LOX (2 times)
9,10,11-THOD (1 time)
2008 A culture filtrate of Phytophthora infestans primes defense reaction in potato cell suspensions.
21  cross-calibration factor
(6 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
SPECT (2 times)
CBF (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1998 Measurement of blood radioactivity for quantification of cerebral blood flow using a gamma camera.
22  caudal cranial fossa
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CKCS (4 times)
SM (3 times)
CM (2 times)
2010 Relationship of brain parenchyma within the caudal cranial fossa and ventricle size to syringomyelia in cavalier King Charles spaniels.
23  chronic heart failure
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CA (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
1998 [Plasma hemostasis and biochemical indices in trimetazidine treatment of patients with chronic heart failure].
24  clear cell foci
(5 times)
Oncogenes
(1 time)
ChREBP (1 time)
chREBP-KO (1 time)
CYB5B (1 time)
2013 Molecular and metabolic changes in human liver clear cell foci resemble the alterations occurring in rat hepatocarcinogenesis.
25  controlled continuous flow
(5 times)
Urology
(4 times)
TUR (1 time)
TURP (1 time)
TURPs (1 time)
1985 Controlled continuous flow (CCF) resectoscope. Report of 200 cases.
26  co-crystal former
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
Myr (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CA-CI (1 time)
2012 Establishment of cocrystal cocktail grinding method for rational screening of pharmaceutical cocrystals.
27  coherent correction factor
(4 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
IVXRF (1 time)
POP (1 time)
2000 Coherent scattering and matrix correction in bone-lead measurements.
28  common compound fertilizer
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CRF (3 times)
SRF (2 times)
CF (1 time)
2010 [Ammonia volatilization of slow release compound fertilizer in different soils water conditions].
29  calcium carbonate flocculation
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DIC (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
IFA (1 time)
2009 Seasonality of Cryptosporidium oocyst detection in surface waters of Meru, Kenya as determined by two isolation methods followed by PCR.
30  cavernous carotid fistula
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
CDL (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2015 Rare cerebrovascular anomalies in a patient with Cornelia De Lange Syndrome.
31  cell-cell fusion
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
mAbs (1 time)
MMLVs (1 time)
2006 Development of a novel dual CCR5-dependent and CXCR4-dependent cell-cell fusion assay system with inducible gp160 expression.
32  cell-free coelomic fluid
(3 times)
Proteomics
(1 time)
ACP (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2017 Comparative analysis of immunocompetence between females and males in the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus.
33  choledochocaval fistula
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CBO (1 time)
Cxs (1 time)
EE-HC (1 time)
1989 The serum activities of AP, gamma-GT, GLDH, GPT and CHE after complete biliary obstruction and choledochocaval fistula in the rat.
34  combination of PLD with cisplatin and infusional fluorouracil
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
pCR (2 times)
PLD (2 times)
ER (1 time)
2010 Phase II trial of combination of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, cisplatin, and infusional 5-fluorouracil (CCF) plus trastuzumab as preoperative treatment for locally advanced and inflammatory breast cancer.
35  common carotid blood flow
(3 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
SA (2 times)
HV (1 time)
HYP (1 time)
1984 Abnormal cerebrovascular responses to CO2 in sleep apnea patients.
36  competitive counter flow
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
hOCT1 (1 time)
MPP (1 time)
OATP (1 time)
2013 Multiple mechanisms of ligand interaction with the human organic cation transporter, OCT2.
37  constant coronary flow
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
cPP (2 times)
AV (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
1995 Modulation of systolic and diastolic function by endothelin-1: relation to coronary flow.
38  crystal-induced chemotactic factor
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1979 Mechanism of action of colchicine in acute urate crystal-induced arthritis.
39  cyclic compressive force
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
NO (1 time)
PGE2 (1 time)
2010 Gene expression patterns of osteocyte-like MLO-Y4 cells in response to cyclic compressive force stimulation.
40  Callicarpae Caulis et Folium
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
PhGs (1 time)
2013 Simultaneous determination of three phenylethanoid glycosides from Callicarpae Caulis et Folium in rat plasma by LC-MS/MS and its application to PK study.
41  Callistephus chinensis flowers
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACOX (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
2013 Flavonoids and its derivatives from Callistephus chinensis flowers and their inhibitory activities against alpha-glucosidase.
42  cancer cell fraction
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
CS (1 time)
HER2 (1 time)
2019 Dynamic clonal remodelling in breast cancer metastases is associated with subtype conversion.
43  cap-fitted colonoscope
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
EMRC (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
1997 Feasibility of the transparent cap-fitted colonoscope for screening and mucosal resection.
44  cardiac contractile force
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HR (2 times)
5-ISMN (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
1985 [Effects of isosorbide 5-mononitrate on cardiovascular function. (I). Effects on the left ventricular system].
45  carotid artery-cavernous sinus fistula
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CDI (1 time)
DCF (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
1999 [Digital subtraction angiography of cerebrum for diagnosis of cavernous sinus fistula and its intravascular treatment].
46  CC fraction
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
CC (2 times)
AHA (1 time)
BLS (1 time)
2014 First quantitative analysis of cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality during in-hospital cardiac arrests of young children.
47  chemotactic factor
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
FMLP (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
mAb (1 time)
1984 [Articular inflammation of microcrystalline origin].
48  chopped carbon fiber
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
C/C (1 time)
CCBs (1 time)
GCB (1 time)
2019 Mechanical and electrical properties of MCMB/Chopped carbon fiber composite with different bead size.
49  circular contour frequency
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
RF (2 times)
2020 Eccentricity Effect of Deformation Detection for Radial Frequency Patterns With Their Centers at Fixation Point.
50  commercial complementary foods
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CHOP (1 time)
IYCF-E (1 time)
2019 Food safety considerations for commercial complementary foods from global operational guidance on infant and young child feeding in emergencies.
51  common carotid arterial blood flow
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
HDS (1 time)
HDT (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
1987 The effects of head-down tilt on carotid blood flow and pulmonary gas exchange.
52  common coordinate framework
(2 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
FP (1 time)
HCA (1 time)
HPA (1 time)
2019 Enhanced and unified anatomical labeling for a common mouse brain atlas.
53  complicated crown fractures
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
--- 2011 Treatment of multiple traumatized anterior teeth associated with an alveolar bone fracture in a 15-year-old school boy: a 2.5-year follow up.
54  Comprehensive Climate Factor
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
IF (1 time)
ISI (1 time)
2011 Comprehensive citation factor: a novel method in ranking medical journals.
55  contextual conditioned fear
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BAS (1 time)
DBT (1 time)
ETM (1 time)
2015 Neonatal handling decreases unconditioned anxiety, conditioned fear, and improves two-way avoidance acquisition: a study with the inbred Roman high (RHA-I)- and low-avoidance (RLA-I) rats of both sexes.
56  continuous compressive force
(2 times)
Cell Death
(1 time)
ICF (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
1986 Increased calcification of growth plate cartilage as a result of compressive force in vitro.
57  continuous-cover forestry
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2016 Comparison of carbon balances between continuous-cover and clear-cut forestry in Sweden.
58  contour curve former
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
--- 1987 [Practical application of individual anterior tooth concepts: manipulation of the contour curve former (CCF) (I)].
59  correct classification fraction
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ANFIS (1 time)
DCE-MRI (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
2017 DCE-MRI prediction of survival time for patients with glioblastoma multiforme: using an adaptive neuro-fuzzy-based model and nested model selection technique.
60  critical Casimir force
(2 times)
Physical Phenomena
(2 times)
MFT (1 time)
OP (1 time)
2016 Critical adsorption and critical Casimir forces in the canonical ensemble.
61  Croatian Competency Framework
(2 times)
Education
(1 time)
--- 2018 Identifying self-assessed competencies and areas for improvement within community pharmacist-preceptors support during pre-registration training.
62  calibrated CSI feature
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CSI (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2019 CC-DTW: An Accurate Indoor Fingerprinting Localization Using Calibrated Channel State Information and Modified Dynamic Time Warping.
63  cancer clonal fraction
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
del17p (1 time)
MM (1 time)
NDMM (1 time)
2019 High subclonal fraction of 17p deletion is associated with poor prognosis in multiple myeloma.
64  canine corneal fibroblasts
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
2016 Molecular mechanisms of suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid in the inhibition of TGF-beta1-mediated canine corneal fibrosis.
65  Capillary channel fibers
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2006 A novel use for capillary channel fibers: enhanced engineered tissue systems.
66  capillary contacts per fiber
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
VEGFR (1 time)
2005 VEGF receptor antagonism blocks arteriogenesis, but only partially inhibits angiogenesis, in skeletal muscle of exercise-trained rats.
67  carbide clusterfullerene
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Steering the Geometry of Butterfly-Shaped Dimetal Carbide Cluster within a Carbon Cage via Trifluoromethylation of Y2C2@C82(6).
68  carbon concentrating factor
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
--- 2011 The expression of a carbon concentrating mechanism in Chlamydomonas acidophila under variable phosphorus, iron, and CO2 concentrations.
69  carbon conversion factor
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CbPM (1 time)
PP (1 time)
PPPico (1 time)
2017 Estimating Primary Production of Picophytoplankton Using the Carbon-Based Ocean Productivity Model: A Preliminary Study.
70  carbonized control fungal
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2017 Bioremediation potential of arsenic by non-enzymatically biofabricated silver nanoparticles adhered to the mesoporous carbonized fungal cell surface of Aspergillus foetidus MTCC8876.
71  carboxymethylation of cotton fabric
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
--- 2020 A self-cleaning and photocatalytic cellulose-fiber- supported "Ag@AgCl@MOF- cloth'' membrane for complex wastewater remediation.
72  cardiac catabolic factor
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1986 Porcine heart valves produce a protein that induces cell-mediated connective tissue degradation: II. Biochemical properties of the partially purified protein.
73  cardiac compression fraction
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACC (1 time)
AO (1 time)
CCCs (1 time)
2018 Treatment Effect or Effective Treatment? Cardiac Compression Fraction and End-tidal Carbon Dioxide Are Higher in Patients Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta Compared with Resuscitative Thoracotomy and Open-Chest Cardiac Massage.
74  cardiac congestive failure
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
HYP (1 time)
LVH (1 time)
1979 Studies concerning the significance of orthogonal ECG changes with age in normal men and in arterial hypertension without congestive cardiac failure in men past forty.
75  carotid-carotid-cavernous fistulae
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 1978 Bilateral carotid-cavernous fistulae of mixed types with unusual radiological and neuropathological findings.
76  carotid-cavernous and orbital arteriovenous fistulas
(1 time)
Orbital Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2003 Carotid-cavernous and orbital arteriovenous fistulas: ocular features, diagnostic and hemodynamic considerations in relation to visual impairment and morbidity.
77  cases of carotid-venous fistulas
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CDFI (1 time)
SOV (1 time)
1997 [Diagnosis of carotid-cavernous fistula using color Doppler ultrasonography].
78  catalytic-ceramic-filler
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BFD (1 time)
CF (1 time)
CIP (1 time)
2020 Prepartion and application of novel blast furnace dust based catalytic-ceramic-filler in electrolysis assisted catalytic micro-electrolysis system for ciprofloxacin wastewater treatment.
79  cationic cellulose foam
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
EY (1 time)
2020 Facile synthesis of trimethylammonium grafted cellulose foams with high capacity for selective adsorption of anionic dyes from water.
80  cationised cotton fabric
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
GO (1 time)
rGO (1 time)
2015 Integrating high electrical conductivity and photocatalytic activity in cotton fabric by cationizing for enriched coating of negatively charged graphene oxide.
81  Cattell Culture Fair Intelligence Test
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
CANTAB (1 time)
2000 Patterns of cognitive ageing.
82  Cattell's Culture Fair
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2008 Age and flexible thinking: an experimental demonstration of the beneficial effects of increased cognitively stimulating activity on fluid intelligence in healthy older adults.
83  caudal cutaneous femoral
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CCS (1 time)
EPSPs (1 time)
LCS (1 time)
1990 Evidence for restricted central convergence of cutaneous afferents on an excitatory reflex pathway to medial gastrocnemius motoneurons.
84  Cavernous sinus-carotid fistula
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DSA (1 time)
2017 A rare case report of complications in craniofacial injuries: Cavernous sinus-carotid fistula.
85  center of calibration field
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CP (1 time)
RSA (1 time)
2018 A pilot study to determine the effect of radiographer training on radiostereometric analysis imaging technique.
86  Central Composite Face design
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DoE (1 time)
l-THP (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2018 Development of solidified self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems containing l-tetrahydropalmatine: Design of experiment approach and bioavailability comparison.
87  ceramic candle filter
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
BSF-S (1 time)
BSF-Z (1 time)
2012 Removal of Escherichia coli and faecal coliforms from surface water and groundwater by household water treatment devices/systems: a sustainable solution for improving water quality in rural communities of the Southern African development community region.
88  cerebral circulatory failure
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CCHD (1 time)
1994 [The early and subclinical forms of cerebrovascular pathology in patients with chronic ischemic heart disease].
89  cerebral cortical microcirculation blood flow
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CPP (1 time)
RAP (1 time)
2011 Mechanical chest compressions with trapezoidal waveform improve haemodynamics during cardiac arrest.
90  cerebral cyst formation
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
HNMs (1 time)
LQ (1 time)
SRT (1 time)
2014 Cerebral cyst formation following stereotactic ablative irradiation for non-nasopharyngeal head and neck malignancies: imaging findings and relevant dosimetric parameters.
91  cervical cancer-associated fibroblast
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PDGF (1 time)
2011 HB-EGF and PDGF mediate reciprocal interactions of carcinoma cells with cancer-associated fibroblasts to support progression of uterine cervical cancers.
92  cervical cord fraction
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BPF (1 time)
CCAV (1 time)
CCAV/ICV (1 time)
2008 Comparison of three different methods for measurement of cervical cord atrophy in multiple sclerosis.
93  channel catfish
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
HBC (1 time)
Rkm (1 time)
2012 Parasites of fishes in the Colorado River and selected tributaries in Grand Canyon, Arizona.
94  characterized continuous-flow
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1995 Treatment of commercial broiler chickens with a characterized culture of cecal bacteria to reduce salmonellae colonization.
95  chicken gastrointestinal microflora
(1 time)
Food Microbiology
(1 time)
GRE47 (1 time)
2009 Ecology of Enterococcus faecalis and niche-adapted or non-niche-adapted Enterococcus faecium in continuous-flow anaerobic cultures.
96  chicken microflora
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
GRE (1 time)
VFA (1 time)
2004 Competitive exclusion of a glycopeptide-resistant Enterococcus faecium in the presence of vancomycin but not equivalent concentrations of tylosin or gentamicin.
97  chief complaint fatigue
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
--- 1987 Chief complaint fatigue: a longitudinal study from the patient's perspective.
98  childcare facility
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2018 Extensive hepatitis A outbreak in an urban childcare facility in Ireland, associated with considerable adult morbidity.
99  Chinese Caterpillar Fungus
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2013 [Macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of Chinese caterpillar fungus].
100  Chinese Corni Fructus
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
JCF (1 time)
KCF (1 time)
2011 Effects of fraction obtained from Korean Corni Fructus extracts causing anti-proliferation and p53-dependent apoptosis in A549 lung cancer cells.