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Abbreviation: CCs
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Long forms: 279

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
clonal complexes
(254 times)
Microbiology
(115 times)
MLST (111 times)
STs (95 times)
MRSA (45 times)
2005 Multilocus sequence typing versus pulsed-field gel electrophoresis for characterization of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli isolates.
cumulus cells
(187 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(99 times)
COCs (48 times)
IVM (22 times)
DOs (20 times)
1993 Oocytes preserve the ability of mouse cumulus cells in culture to synthesize hyaluronic acid and dermatan sulfate.
correlation coefficients
(38 times)
Epidemiology
(8 times)
FFQ (6 times)
ICCs (3 times)
SQFFQ (3 times)
1991 [The background impulse activity of the neurons of the nucleus fastigii in the rat cerebellum].
chest compressions
(37 times)
Emergency Medicine
(18 times)
CPR (20 times)
AHA (5 times)
OHCA (5 times)
2008 In a swine model, chest compressions cause ventricular capture and, by means of a long-short sequence, ventricular fibrillation.
chromaffin cells
(22 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
ACh (3 times)
AP (3 times)
WKY (3 times)
2001 Modifications of intracellular Ca2+ signalling during nerve growth factor-induced neuronal differentiation of rat adrenal chromaffin cells.
cholangiocarcinomas
(21 times)
Pathology
(8 times)
HCCs (10 times)
CK (2 times)
192Ir (1 time)
1989 Blood-group-related antigen Lewis(x) and Lewis(y) in the differential diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma and hepatocellular carcinoma.
chronic conditions
(21 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
CI (3 times)
ATC (2 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
2004 The relationships among age, chronic conditions, and healthcare costs.
carbonyl compounds
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
DNPH (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
MCT (2 times)
2006 Organic air pollutants inside and outside residences in Shimizu, Japan: levels, sources and risks.
chloride cells
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
FW (5 times)
SW (5 times)
CFTR (3 times)
1989 Metabolism of isolated fish gill cells: contribution of epithelial chloride cells.
10  choledochal cysts
(18 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
CBD (2 times)
CT (1 time)
EHBDO (1 time)
2004 Congenital choledochal cysts in adults.
11  companion cells
(17 times)
Botany
(11 times)
SEs (9 times)
HL (2 times)
LL (2 times)
2003 Symplastic continuity between companion cells and the translocation stream: long-distance transport is controlled by retention and retrieval mechanisms in the phloem.
12  cholesterol crystals
(15 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
ACS (2 times)
CD (2 times)
OCT (2 times)
2009 Effect of cholesterol crystals on plaques and intima in arteries of patients with acute coronary and cerebrovascular syndromes.
13  colloidal crystals
(12 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
AFM (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
GNRs (1 time)
2008 Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) bone scaffolds with inverted colloidal crystal geometry.
14  community controls
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
TB (3 times)
HHCs (2 times)
Mtb (2 times)
2006 Neuropsychological functioning in adolescents and young adults at genetic risk for schizophrenia and affective psychoses: results from the Harvard and Hillside Adolescent High Risk Studies.
15  cancer cells
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CSCs (3 times)
ECs (2 times)
HIFs (2 times)
2009 Phagocytosis of cancer cells by mast cells in breast cancer.
16  coiled coils
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
Asn (1 time)
CC (1 time)
IF (1 time)
2010 Mechanical response and conformational amplification in alpha-helical coiled coils.
17  combustible cigarettes
(9 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
ECs (4 times)
aORs (1 time)
CHTP (1 time)
2016 Comparison of the Pharmacokinetics of Nicotine Following Single and Ad Libitum Use of a Tobacco Heating System or Combustible Cigarettes.
18  cysteine cathepsins
(8 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
MMPs (6 times)
Hyp (2 times)
BS (1 time)
2004 Cysteine proteases as disease markers.
19  chief complaints
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
ED (2 times)
CC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2008 Ontology-enhanced automatic chief complaint classification for syndromic surveillance.
20  clonal clusters
(7 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
MLST (5 times)
MRSA (2 times)
STs (2 times)
2007 Comparison of single- and multilocus sequence typing and toxin gene profiling for characterization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
21  colloid cysts
(7 times)
Neurosurgery
(4 times)
MR (2 times)
CKs (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
1992 Colloid cysts of the third ventricle: immunohistochemical evidence for nonneuroepithelial differentiation.
22  Cancer coordinators
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
BD (1 time)
CMHTs (1 time)
ERP (1 time)
2007 Enhanced relapse prevention for bipolar disorder--ERP trial. A cluster randomised controlled trial to assess the feasibility of training care coordinators to offer enhanced relapse prevention for bipolar disorder.
23  Collaborating Centers
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
WHO (4 times)
CDC (1 time)
EID50 (1 time)
2006 Review of the success of the 2001-2005 Work Plan of the Global Network of Collaborating Centres in Occupational Health.
24  congenital cataracts
(6 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
AH (1 time)
arCC (1 time)
2009 Mutations of the EPHA2 receptor tyrosine kinase gene cause autosomal dominant congenital cataract.
25  conventional cigarettes
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
AEs (2 times)
EVP (2 times)
ECs (1 time)
2015 A novel approach to assess the population health impact of introducing a Modified Risk Tobacco Product.
26  conversion coefficients
(6 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DAP (2 times)
DRLs (1 time)
ESAK (1 time)
2006 Equivalent dose to organs and tissues in hysterosalpingography calculated with the FAX (Female Adult voXel) phantom.
27  coordination clusters
(6 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
bis-tris (1 time)
CPs (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2012 A method for topological analysis of high nuclearity coordination clusters and its application to Mn coordination compounds.
28  cancer centers
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
NCI (3 times)
C-BSRF (1 time)
CCSG (1 time)
2016 Impact of access to NCI- and NCCN-designated cancer centers on outcomes for multiple myeloma patients: A SEER registry analysis.
29  chondrocytes
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
FPSCs (3 times)
BMSCs (2 times)
SDSCs (2 times)
2011 Composition-function relations of cartilaginous tissues engineered from chondrocytes and mesenchymal stem cells isolated from bone marrow and infrapatellar fat pad.
30  clear cells
(5 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
PDCs (2 times)
TCs (2 times)
Cd (1 time)
2007 [Clear and pale cells of the nipple epidermis: a critical study of their varieties].
31  community clinics
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
2012 Seasonal performance of a malaria rapid diagnosis test at community health clinics in a malaria-hyperendemic region of Burkina Faso.
32  conducting channels
(5 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
VT (4 times)
EAM (2 times)
2D-SSFP (1 time)
2004 Tachycardia-related channel in the scar tissue in patients with sustained monomorphic ventricular tachycardias: influence of the voltage scar definition.
33  Correlation coefficients
(5 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
cfPWV (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
1999 On the correlation between the main-chain and side-chain atomic displacement parameters (B values) in high-resolution protein structures.
34  Cercariform cells
(4 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
FNAC (2 times)
TCC (2 times)
UC (2 times)
1999 Cercariform cells: are they specific for transitional cell carcinoma?
35  cervical cancers
(4 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
252Cf (1 time)
BAP (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2008 Absence of epidermal growth factor receptor mutations in cervical cancer.
36  circulating cells
(4 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
AEOC (1 time)
CV (1 time)
IVFC (1 time)
2012 A quantitative ultrastructural study of circulating (monocytic) cells interacting with endothelial cells in high oxygen-injured and spontaneously re-forming (FVB) mouse lung capillaries.
37  colon carcinomas
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
BMP (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
ES (1 time)
2009 Human colon cancer epithelial cells harbour active HEDGEHOG-GLI signalling that is essential for tumour growth, recurrence, metastasis and stem cell survival and expansion.
38  complications and comorbidities
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
DRGs (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
1988 Financial risk, hospital cost, and complications and comorbidities (CCs) in non-CC stratified neurosurgical diagnostic related groups (DRGs).
39  costal chondrocytes
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
GAG (2 times)
ACs (1 time)
BMSCs (1 time)
2008 Passaged goat costal chondrocytes provide a feasible cell source for temporomandibular joint tissue engineering.
40  critical comments
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
CFI (3 times)
EOI (3 times)
EE (2 times)
1998 Critical comments made to schizophrenic patients by their families in Japan.
41  critical concentrations
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
DST (2 times)
AMK (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2010 Determination of critical concentrations of second-line anti-tuberculosis drugs with clinical and microbiological relevance.
42  cross-correlation coefficients
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
ADNI (1 time)
CICIL (1 time)
HISs (1 time)
2015 Hubs of Anticorrelation in High-Resolution Resting-State Functional Connectivity Network Architecture.
43  crypt cells
(4 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
AP-1 (1 time)
ATG (1 time)
CySCs (1 time)
2008 c-Jun, Fra-2, and ATF-2 immunoreactivity in the jejunal tissues of the healthy rat.
44  c-kit cells
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MSCs (2 times)
AT (1 time)
CdM (1 time)
2019 Guided evaluation and standardisation of mesenchymal stem cell culture conditions to generate conditioned medium favourable to cardiac c-kit cell growth.
45  Call centres
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
PA (1 time)
2008 Musculoskeletal symptoms in relation to work exposures at call centre companies in Sweden.
46  cardiac complications
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BFR (1 time)
BH (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2015 Cardiac complications during pregnancy are better predicted with the modified WHO risk score.
47  cervical carcinomas
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
ALNs (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
1999 [Microvessel count in normal cervical tissue and in cervical carcinomas].
48  Chinese characters
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
NNS (1 time)
RA (1 time)
RE (1 time)
2010 Complexity analysis based on image-processing method and pixelized recognition of Chinese characters using simulated prosthetic vision.
49  ciliated cells
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
EMA (1 time)
HSS (1 time)
ISCS (1 time)
1993 Enzymohistochemical and immunohistochemical study of the human efferent ducts.
50  classical cannabinoids
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AAIs (3 times)
NCCs (1 time)
1995 Common cannabimimetic pharmacophoric requirements between aminoalkyl indoles and classical cannabinoids.
51  clinical controls
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
HA (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
1996 Community volunteers as recruitment staff in a clinical trial: the systolic hypertension in the elderly program (SHEP) experience.
52  Clonal Complexes
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
dru (1 time)
FPEs (1 time)
LGI3 (1 time)
2013 Population deviation of piggery-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus based on mec-associated direct repeat unit analysis.
53  close contacts
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ATB (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
LTBI (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of the QuantiFERON?-TB Gold In-Tube assay and tuberculin skin test for the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in northeastern Thailand.
54  cocrystals
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CCF (1 time)
CCG (1 time)
Co-E (1 time)
2012 Establishment of cocrystal cocktail grinding method for rational screening of pharmaceutical cocrystals.
55  cognitive complaints
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
MCI (2 times)
aHV (1 time)
2006 Older adults with cognitive complaints show brain atrophy similar to that of amnestic MCI.
56  Collateral channels
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CTO (2 times)
CBF (1 time)
MCAO (1 time)
2009 Retrograde percutaneous recanalization of chronic total occlusion of the coronary arteries: procedural outcomes and predictors of success in contemporary practice.
57  collector channels
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
SC (3 times)
GRIN (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
2011 Ex vivo optical coherence tomography imaging of collector channels with a scanning endoscopic probe.
58  colon cancers
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
LIR (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2014 Association of common gene variants in the WNT/beta-catenin pathway with colon cancer recurrence.
59  community colleges
(3 times)
Education
(3 times)
BER (1 time)
BSN (1 time)
QB (1 time)
2008 The impact of community college transfer on entry-level baccalaureate nursing student retention.
60  community control subjects
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
AM (1 time)
CM (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2002 Near-fatal asthma: a population-based study of risk factors.
61  conventional cages
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
IVCs (1 time)
SCs (1 time)
2015 Effect of rearing environment on bone growth of pullets.
62  correct classifications
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ANN (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
GBML (1 time)
1993 Comparison of spectral techniques for computer-assisted classification of spectra of heart sounds in patients with porcine bioprosthetic valves.
63  counseling centers
(3 times)
Psychology, Clinical
(1 time)
--- 2017 Antipsychotic Use Pattern in Schizophrenia Outpatients: Correlates of Polypharmacy.
64  cover crops
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AMF (1 time)
GHG (1 time)
2014 Do cover crops enhance N₂O, CO₂ or CH₄ emissions from soil in Mediterranean arable systems?
65  culture collections
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
mBRCs (2 times)
CDSs (1 time)
MUM (1 time)
2016 Establishment of a Quality Management System Based on ISO 9001 Standard in a Public Service Fungal Culture Collection.
66  current compliances
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
Al (1 time)
CBRAM (1 time)
Cu (1 time)
2012 Excellent resistive memory characteristics and switching mechanism using a Ti nanolayer at the Cu/TaOx interface.
67  calcium channels
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AT1R (1 time)
CCBs (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
2003 Pharmacological modulators of voltage-gated calcium channels and their therapeutical application.
68  calibration curves
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
ME (1 time)
2017 Comparison of Hp(0.07, 0) for 90Sr/90Y Beta Radiation with CaF2:Dy TLD-200 Dosimeters.
69  capillaric circuits
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
--- 2016 Autonomous microfluidic capillaric circuits replicated from 3D-printed molds.
70  capture compounds
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CCMS (1 time)
SAH (1 time)
SAM (1 time)
2011 Dasatinib, imatinib and staurosporine capture compounds - Complementary tools for the profiling of kinases by Capture Compound Mass Spectrometry (CCMS).
71  carbonaceous chondrites
(2 times)
MRCCs (1 time)
2018 Isotopic Dichotomy among Meteorites and Its Bearing on the Protoplanetary Disk.
72  carcinoma components
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
LI (2 times)
SCs (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2000 Markers of apoptosis and angiogenesis indicate that carcinomatous components play an important role in the malignant behavior of uterine carcinosarcoma.
73  cartilage canals
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
IGF-IR (1 time)
IPCs (1 time)
OBs (1 time)
2015 IGF-I Signaling in Osterix-Expressing Cells Regulates Secondary Ossification Center Formation, Growth Plate Maturation, and Metaphyseal Formation During Postnatal Bone Development.
74  cartilage cells
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
IL-1beta (1 time)
MMPs (1 time)
2014 Effects of hesperidin loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) scaffolds on growth behavior of costal cartilage cells in vitro and in vivo.
75  cell components
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BPs (2 times)
GO (2 times)
MFs (2 times)
2018 RNA-seq analysis reveals different gene ontologies and pathways in rheumatoid arthritis and Kashin-Beck disease.
76  Cellulose carbamate
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
SEM (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
FESEM (1 time)
2014 Synthesis of kenaf cellulose carbamate using microwave irradiation for preparation of cellulose membrane.
77  cerebral cavernomas
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
NBS (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2010 Treatment and outcome of children with cerebral cavernomas: a survey on 32 patients.
78  Charged Clusters
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
FCCP (1 time)
2017 Screening of nucleotide variations in genomic sequences encoding charged protein regions in the human genome.
79  chemical compounds
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HRT (1 time)
2016 Influences of seasons, N/P ratios and chemical compounds on phosphorus removal performance in algal pond combined with constructed wetlands.
80  chemical constituents
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BVA (1 time)
CH (1 time)
CHM (1 time)
2011 Identification of key constituents in volatile oil of Ligusticum chuanxiong based on data mining approaches.
81  children's centres
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
IPB (1 time)
SES (1 time)
2014 Implementing an Injury Prevention Briefing to aid delivery of key fire safety messages in UK children's centres: qualitative study nested within a multi-centre randomised controlled trial.
82  Clara cells
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
ISH (1 time)
JSRV (1 time)
NEBs (1 time)
2014 Solitary tumours associated with Jaagsiekte retrovirus in sheep are heterogeneous and contain cells expressing markers identifying progenitor cells in lung repair.
83  clinical coders
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
HIMs (1 time)
2019 Ethical leadership and why health information management professionals need to be involved. Commentary on Health information is central to changes in healthcare: a clinician's view (Hoyle, 2019).
84  club cells
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BAJA (1 time)
Bleo (1 time)
NAP (1 time)
2017 Uroplakin 3a+ Cells Are a Distinctive Population of Epithelial Progenitors that Contribute to Airway Maintenance and Post-injury Repair.
85  co-cultures
(2 times)
Histology
(2 times)
ABCs (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
MCs (1 time)
2005 Expression of mRNAs encoding for growth factors, ECM molecules, and MMP13 in mono-cultures and co-cultures of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts and alveolar bone cells.
86  coded complications
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PO-LOS (1 time)
RApoLOS (1 time)
2009 Adverse outcomes in surgery: redefinition of postoperative complications.
87  collateral connections
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CL (1 time)
CTO (1 time)
CTOs (1 time)
2016 Novel retrograde approach for percutaneous treatment of chronic total occlusions of the right coronary artery using ipsilateral collateral connections: a European centre experience.
88  colloid carcinomas
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
DAs (1 time)
IOPNs (1 time)
IPMNs (1 time)
2010 Preferential expression of MUC6 in oncocytic and pancreatobiliary types of intraductal papillary neoplasms highlights a pyloropancreatic pathway, distinct from the intestinal pathway, in pancreatic carcinogenesis.
89  colorectal carcinomas
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
A,B (1 time)
AP (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2000 Prognostic significance of matrix metalloproteinase expression in colorectal carcinomas.
90  columnar cells
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CKs (1 time)
HENs (1 time)
RCs (1 time)
1993 In vitro and in vivo analysis of cellular origin of cervical squamous metaplasia.
91  comorbid conditions
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 Incremental risk of long-term mortality with increased burden of comorbidity in hospitalized patients with pneumonia.
92  competence committees
(2 times)
Education
(2 times)
CBME (1 time)
2020 Beyond summative decision making: Illuminating the broader roles of competence committees.
93  complement components
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
alpha 1m (1 time)
FH (1 time)
GN (1 time)
1994 [Urinary excretion of alpha-1-microglobulin and complement components in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis].
94  complex cysts
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
FGR (1 time)
FU (1 time)
PRCC (1 time)
2015 Optimal follow-up intervals in active surveillance of renal masses in patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease.
95  complications
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
DRGs (1 time)
1988 Should DRG assignment be based on age?
96  conditioning contractions
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
PAP (2 times)
CON (1 time)
ECC (1 time)
2014 Lack of association between postactivation potentiation and subsequent jump performance.
97  conformational changes
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
EEC (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
2013 Multiple heparan sulfate binding site engagements are required for the infectious entry of human papillomavirus type 16.
98  conical crowns
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
RPs (1 time)
TDC (1 time)
2009 Clinical performance of cements as luting agents for telescopic double crown-retained removable partial and complete overdentures.
99  conjunctive cells
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
rFeIFN-omega (1 time)
2006 Activity of feline interferon-omega after ocular or oral administration in cats as indicated by Mx protein expression in conjunctival and white blood cells.
100  connected components
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
pCDs (1 time)
SSN (1 time)
2013 Scene text detection via connected component clustering and nontext filtering.