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Abbreviation: CD
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Long forms: 1673

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Crohn's disease
(11597 times)
Gastroenterology
(6179 times)
UC (4727 times)
IBD (3841 times)
CI (623 times)
0 Quality of life after bowel resection for Crohns disease - first results.
circular dichroism
(7911 times)
Biochemistry
(3512 times)
FTIR (412 times)
HSA (334 times)
BSA (326 times)
1969 The circular dichroism of suspensions of frog rod outer segments.
celiac disease
(3911 times)
Gastroenterology
(1255 times)
GFD (559 times)
tTG (260 times)
EMA (176 times)
1975 A family study of coeliac disease.
cluster of differentiation
(1301 times)
Neoplasms
(328 times)
IL (163 times)
NK (46 times)
IFN (45 times)
1984 Nomenclature for clusters of differentiation (CD) of antigens defined on human leukocyte populations. IUIS-WHO Nomenclature Subcommittee.
conduct disorder
(1010 times)
Psychiatry
(528 times)
ADHD (373 times)
ODD (298 times)
CU (58 times)
1985 Electrodermal activity of undersocialized aggressive children: a pilot study.
cyclodextrin
(655 times)
Chemistry
(159 times)
CE (41 times)
HP-beta-CD (27 times)
beta-CD (25 times)
1984 Cyclodextrin polymer, a new tablet disintegrating agent.
Cushing's disease
(622 times)
Endocrinology
(424 times)
CS (88 times)
ACTH (85 times)
TSS (80 times)
1979 Plasma cortisol profiles in Cushing's syndrome.
cesarean delivery
(494 times)
Obstetrics
(202 times)
CI (68 times)
VD (48 times)
OR (38 times)
1993 [Perinatal infant mortality and cesarean section].
Castleman's disease
(397 times)
Hematology
(63 times)
MCD (47 times)
IL-6 (38 times)
HHV-8 (36 times)
0 Castlemans disease - surgical treatment, case reports.
10  conjugated dienes
(361 times)
Biochemistry
(67 times)
TBARS (119 times)
MDA (102 times)
SOD (83 times)
1986 Plasma fatty acid pattern including diene-conjugated linoleic acid in ethanol users and patients with ethanol-related liver disease.
11  control diet
(356 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(68 times)
HFD (129 times)
WD (21 times)
HF (18 times)
1978 The effect of protein-free diet on blood pressure in the Wistar rat.
12  cervical dystonia
(348 times)
Neurology
(233 times)
TWSTRS (57 times)
BoNT (38 times)
BoNT-A (22 times)
1991 Cervical dystonia: clinical findings and associated movement disorders.
13  cytosine deaminase
(345 times)
Neoplasms
(143 times)
5-FC (201 times)
5-FU (85 times)
GCV (31 times)
1986 Sensitization to X ray by 5-chloro-2'-deoxycytidine co-administered with tetrahydrouridine in several mammalian cell lines and studies of 2'-chloro derivatives.
14  collecting duct
(288 times)
Nephrology
(134 times)
ENaC (36 times)
AQP2 (34 times)
CNT (29 times)
1973 Concentrating engines and the kidney. I. Central core model of the renal medulla.
15  Chagas disease
(287 times)
Tropical Medicine
(75 times)
BZ (15 times)
CCC (12 times)
NO (8 times)
1985 Chagas' disease: serodiagnosis with purified Gp25 antigen.
16  cytochalasin D
(224 times)
Cell Biology
(81 times)
CB (22 times)
NRK (7 times)
PKC (6 times)
1974 Action of cytochalasin D on cells of established lines. I. Early events.
17  beta-cyclodextrin
(222 times)
Chemistry
(77 times)
AD (8 times)
CE (7 times)
DSC (5 times)
1985 Nutritional significance of cyclodextrins: indigestibility and hypolipemic effect of alpha-cyclodextrin.
18  circular dichroism spectroscopy
(181 times)
Biochemistry
(79 times)
DSC (16 times)
TEM (14 times)
ITC (12 times)
1981 Antifreeze glycoprotein. Conformational model based on vacuum ultraviolet circular dichroism data.
19  cathepsin D
(155 times)
Neoplasms
(45 times)
ER (14 times)
CB (12 times)
EGFR (8 times)
1981 Immunocytochemical localization of cathepsin D in rat neural tissue.
20  Clostridium difficile
(132 times)
Communicable Diseases
(33 times)
CDI (17 times)
CDAD (6 times)
CI (6 times)
1991 Tube feeding-related diarrhea in acutely Ill patients.
21  cortical dysplasia
(128 times)
Neurology
(89 times)
MRI (12 times)
BBB (7 times)
EEG (7 times)
1997 [Cerebral cortical dysplasia associated with epilepsy: MRI and clinical aspects].
22  color Doppler
(103 times)
Radiology
(17 times)
US (43 times)
PD (22 times)
RI (6 times)
1990 [On the mechanisms of mitral regurgitation in rheumatic mitral valve disease: with special reference to the role of mitral valve prolapse].
23  compact disc
(98 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(19 times)
CT (3 times)
LOD (3 times)
PACS (3 times)
1988 Materials developments for write-once and erasable phase-change optical recording.
24  choline-deficient
(97 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
CS (36 times)
GGT (8 times)
PC (8 times)
1968 Choline-deficiency fatty liver: impaired release of hepatic triglycerides.
25  catalytic domain
(94 times)
Biochemistry
(23 times)
CBM (14 times)
CBD (8 times)
BD (4 times)
1993 Expression of protein kinase C isozymes in rat glial cell line.
26  capillary density
(91 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
VEGF (9 times)
FCSA (8 times)
OCTA (8 times)
1979 Changes in the capillarity of skeletal muscle in the growing rat.
27  contact dermatitis
(85 times)
Dermatology
(44 times)
AD (12 times)
DNFB (10 times)
ACD (7 times)
1985 Heterogeneity of dermal OKT6+ cells in inflammatory and neoplastic skin diseases.
28  cardiac death
(83 times)
Cardiology
(49 times)
MI (33 times)
CI (17 times)
HR (15 times)
1986 The orthogonal electrocardiogram as risk indicator for the prediction of myocardial infarction and/or cardiac death.
29  cocaine dependence
(82 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(26 times)
HC (13 times)
fMRI (7 times)
MRI (7 times)
1993 Allelic association of the D2 dopamine receptor gene with cocaine dependence.
30  Clavien-Dindo
(75 times)
General Surgery
(25 times)
CCI (5 times)
LOS (5 times)
CI (4 times)
2012 Risk assessment using a novel score to predict anastomotic leak and major complications after oesophageal resection.
31  complete denture
(75 times)
Dentistry
(67 times)
IOD (10 times)
RPD (10 times)
IRO (6 times)
1991 Oral sugar clearance in elderly people with prosthodontic reconstructions.
32  gamma-cyclodextrin
(74 times)
Chemistry
(23 times)
SDS (5 times)
HP-beta-CD (3 times)
CGTase (2 times)
1985 Effect of cyclodextrin cavity size on sensitization of room-temperature phosphorescence of biacetyl.
33  conventional diet
(73 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(7 times)
HD (11 times)
VMD (8 times)
FD (7 times)
1977 A double-blind trial of high versus conventional dosages of gold salts for rheumatoid arthritis.
34  chlordecone
(71 times)
Toxicology
(55 times)
PB (13 times)
3H-T (4 times)
ND (4 times)
1982 Preferential binding of chlordecone to the protein and high density lipoprotein fractions of plasma from humans and other species.
35  chromatic dispersion
(71 times)
Optics and Photonics
(70 times)
PMD (16 times)
OSNR (15 times)
SSMF (8 times)
2003 Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres.
36  Canavan disease
(70 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
NAA (41 times)
ASPA (36 times)
CNS (9 times)
1992 Biochemical diagnosis of Canavan disease.
37  Cotrel-Dubousset
(63 times)
Orthopedics
(50 times)
AIS (5 times)
HL (2 times)
ODI (2 times)
1987 A comparative biomechanical study of spinal fixation using Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation.
38  chow diet
(58 times)
Endocrinology
(12 times)
HFD (40 times)
NAFLD (5 times)
WD (5 times)
1996 Effect of aging on cortical spreading depression.
39  campomelic dysplasia
(57 times)
Genetics, Medical
(28 times)
ACD (6 times)
HMG (6 times)
PRS (6 times)
1993 Campomelic dysplasia--an underdiagnosed condition?
40  cardiovascular disease
(57 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
IHD (7 times)
CRP (4 times)
HF (4 times)
1988 Mortality from ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease in Greenland.
41  conversion disorder
(57 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
DES (4 times)
BDNF (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2002 Conversion motor paralysis disorder: overview and rehabilitation model.
42  correlation dimension
(57 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
HRV (11 times)
ApEn (10 times)
LLE (10 times)
1994 A nonlinear dynamical (chaos) approach to the analysis of broiler growth.
43  canine distemper
(56 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(31 times)
CDV (25 times)
MS (3 times)
RT-PCR (3 times)
1958 A bivalent live virus vaccine against canine distemper (CD) and infectious canine hepatitis (ICH).
44  crypt depth
(56 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(23 times)
VH (50 times)
FCR (5 times)
VSA (5 times)
2004 Effects of early nutrition intervention on IGF1, IGFBP3, intestinal development, and catch-up growth of intrauterine growth retardation rats.
45  cell density
(54 times)
Ophthalmology
(24 times)
CCT (12 times)
CV (12 times)
HEX (11 times)
1984 Cell proliferation in carcinoma in bilharzial bladder: influence of pre-operative irradiation and clinical implications.
46  corneal diameter
(53 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
ACD (10 times)
AL (10 times)
ND (9 times)
1985 Anterior segment and intraocular pressure measurements of the unanesthetized premature infant.
47  contrast-detail
(50 times)
Biophysics
(26 times)
MTF (8 times)
CR (7 times)
IQF (7 times)
1984 Analysis of variations in contrast-detail experiments.
48  cluster designation
(48 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
NK (6 times)
IL-2 (3 times)
Ab (2 times)
1987 Generation of lymphokine-activated killer cell activity from human thymocytes.
49  cadaveric donor
(47 times)
Transplantation
(28 times)
LD (19 times)
LRD (12 times)
NAPRTCS (8 times)
1981 Diagnostic and prognostic significance of an increase in fractional protein clearance ratio before and during rejection of renal transplant.
50  carbon dot
(47 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
FRET (5 times)
LOD (2 times)
NIR (2 times)
2012 Synthesis of gold@carbon dots composite nanoparticles for surface enhanced Raman scattering.
51  cone dystrophy
(47 times)
Ophthalmology
(30 times)
ERG (6 times)
RP (6 times)
TGFBI (6 times)
1997 Cone and rod function in cone degenerations.
52  cumulative dose
(45 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
DAP (12 times)
FT (10 times)
KAP (6 times)
1988 Cumulative dose-response with infusion: a technique to determine neuromuscular blocking potency of atracurium and vecuronium.
53  core decompression
(44 times)
Orthopedics
(20 times)
ONFH (22 times)
THA (12 times)
HHS (8 times)
2004 Magnetic resonance imaging criteria of successful core decompression in avascular necrosis of the hip.
54  cognitive dysfunction
(43 times)
Rheumatology
(8 times)
SLE (8 times)
ANAM (5 times)
MoCA (4 times)
1985 Cognitive dysfunction and mild closed head injury in traumatic spinal cord injury.
55  cytoplasmic domain
(43 times)
Virology
(8 times)
ED (5 times)
HIV-1 (4 times)
RV (4 times)
1991 Structure-function relationships in the mast cell high affinity receptor for IgE. Role of the cytoplasmic domains and of the beta subunit.
56  alpha-cyclodextrin
(41 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
PEO (3 times)
CGTase (2 times)
PAEs (2 times)
1990 Cytotoxic activity of polyacetylene compounds in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer.
57  cow dung
(41 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
PM (4 times)
PD (3 times)
PW (3 times)
2001 Assessment of sustainable vermiconversion of water hyacinth at different reactor efficiencies employing Eudrilus eugeniae kinberg.
58  carbidopa
(40 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
LD (27 times)
PD (10 times)
3-OMD (5 times)
1983 [Various aspects of dopaminergic function in patients with prolactin-secreting hypophyseal adenoma].
59  common deletion
(40 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
mtDNA (24 times)
D-gal (5 times)
NOX (4 times)
1993 Respiratory chain and mitochondrial DNA in muscle and brain in Parkinson's disease patients.
60  cystic duct
(37 times)
General Surgery
(20 times)
CBD (15 times)
LC (11 times)
ICG (7 times)
1989 Choledochoscopy via the cystic duct: evaluation of a new ultrathin disposable choledochoscope.
61  cervical deformity
(36 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
cSVA (12 times)
ASD (7 times)
SVA (7 times)
2015 Magnitude of preoperative cervical lordotic compensation and C2-T3 angle are correlated to increased risk of postoperative sagittal spinal pelvic malalignment in adult thoracolumbar deformity patients at 2-year follow-up.
62  current density
(33 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
EC (10 times)
COD (4 times)
DC (3 times)
1995 Voltage-dependent calcium currents are enhanced in dorsal root ganglion neurones from the Bio Bred/Worchester diabetic rat.
63  cognitive decline
(32 times)
Geriatrics
(17 times)
MMSE (7 times)
OR (5 times)
AD (4 times)
1999 Impaired olfaction as a marker for cognitive decline: interaction with apolipoprotein E epsilon4 status.
64  critical difference
(32 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
CV (3 times)
ALA (2 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
1984 A comparative study of the traditional long case with the objective structured clinical examination in Lagos, Nigeria.
65  communication deviance
(31 times)
Psychiatry
(22 times)
EE (8 times)
AS (4 times)
TAT (3 times)
1984 Parental communication deviance and forms of thinking in male schizophrenic offspring.
66  coefficient of determination
(29 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
AF (2 times)
BLUP (2 times)
CBTS (2 times)
1977 A path analysis of the causal relationships between red cell glycolytic intermediates, ADP and ATP in sickle cell anemia.
67  cafeteria diet
(28 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
SD (5 times)
GSPE (3 times)
AMH (2 times)
1984 Pinealectomy has no effect on diet-induced thermogenesis and brown adipose tissue proliferation in rats.
68  chemical dependency
(28 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(16 times)
MH (3 times)
BI (2 times)
ED (2 times)
1989 Chemical dependence treatment review guidelines.
69  choroidal detachment
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
RRD (12 times)
IOP (8 times)
PPV (3 times)
1978 Molecular sieving in suprachoroidal fluid formation in man.
70  crural diaphragm
(27 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
LES (16 times)
EGJ (13 times)
GERD (9 times)
2000 The effect of mechanoreceptor stimulation of the laryngopharynx on the oesophago-gastric junction.
71  chronic dialysis
(25 times)
Nephrology
(9 times)
ESRD (5 times)
GFR (4 times)
ICU (3 times)
1997 Psychosocial problem assessment and end-stage renal disease patient outcomes.
72  methyl-beta-cyclodextrin
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
CHO (2 times)
ABCA1 (1 time)
AC (1 time)
1998 Growth and survival of Helicobacter pylori in defined medium and susceptibility to Brij 78.
73  cell death
(23 times)
Botany
(3 times)
AML (2 times)
HI (2 times)
PCD (2 times)
1992 Blocking the Ca(2+)-activated cytotoxic mechanisms of cholinergic neuronal death: a novel treatment strategy for Alzheimer's disease.
74  critical dimension
(23 times)
Biophysics
(9 times)
EUV (3 times)
AFM (2 times)
DSA (2 times)
2006 Effect of critical dimension variation on SAW correlator energy.
75  charge distribution
(22 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
MUSIC (5 times)
MO/DFT (4 times)
DFT (2 times)
1996 Multisite Adsorption of Cadmium on Goethite
76  chromodomain
(22 times)
Molecular Biology
(8 times)
HP1 (8 times)
CSD (6 times)
PRC1 (2 times)
2000 Dimerisation of a chromo shadow domain and distinctions from the chromodomain as revealed by structural analysis.
77  colostrum-deprived
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
CF (10 times)
CR (3 times)
LPS (3 times)
1975 Antibody responses to neonatal immunisation in calves.
78  charge density
(18 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
MW (4 times)
ESP (2 times)
TCOD (2 times)
1999 QSAR studies on antimalarial activities of 2-phenyl-4-quinoline-carbinolamines.
79  choline-devoid
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
CS (7 times)
GGT (6 times)
PHB (5 times)
1978 Enhancement of DL-ethionine-induced liver carcinogenesis in rats fed a choline-devoid diet.
80  commercial diet
(18 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
AAT (2 times)
FM (2 times)
HD (2 times)
1983 Modifying factors in pancreatic carcinogenesis in the hamster model. I. Effect of protein-free diet fed during the early stages of carcinogenesis.
81  common docking
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
MAP (2 times)
MAPK (2 times)
MAPKs (2 times)
2001 Identification of a docking groove on ERK and p38 MAP kinases that regulates the specificity of docking interactions.
82  corollary discharge
(18 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
CRF (1 time)
CW (1 time)
ELL (1 time)
2008 Brain circuits for the internal monitoring of movements.
83  2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
CCs (2 times)
NPC (2 times)
AAR (1 time)
1993 2-Hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin enhances phorbol ester effects on glucose transport and/or protein kinase C-beta translocation to the plasma membrane in rat adipocytes and soleus muscles.
84  communicable diseases
(17 times)
Public Health
(7 times)
NCD (7 times)
AMR (1 time)
ART (1 time)
1993 International migration and control of communicable diseases.
85  coronary disease
(17 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
LAD (3 times)
DF (2 times)
EDV/S (2 times)
1983 [Treatment of pain in patients with ischemic heart disease and osteochondrosis of the cervicothoracic vertebrae].
86  cycle day
(17 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(12 times)
ICSI (2 times)
IVF (2 times)
CC (1 time)
1983 Anovulatory luteal cycles in primates.
87  chemically defined
(16 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
CHO (4 times)
GFAP (3 times)
ADCF (1 time)
1983 Differentiation of purified astrocytes in a chemically defined medium.
88  clinically definite
(16 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
MS (11 times)
CIS (6 times)
MRI (3 times)
1989 Comparative impact of paraclinical studies in establishing the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis.
89  Caton-Deschamps
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
BP (15 times)
IS (13 times)
MIS (6 times)
2000 Reliability and interobserver variability in radiological patellar height ratios.
90  chenodeoxycholic acid
(15 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
DC (2 times)
GCD (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
1974 Bile acid kinetics in relation to sex, serum lipids, body weights, and gallbladder disease in patients with various types of hyperlipoproteinemia;.
91  chlorine dioxide
(15 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
RH (3 times)
VAS (3 times)
SH (2 times)
1990 Chlorine Dioxide Gas Sterilization under Square-Wave Conditions.
92  Cholesky decomposition
(15 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
DF (4 times)
CCSD (3 times)
ERIs (3 times)
2007 Unbiased auxiliary basis sets for accurate two-electron integral approximations.
93  cinchonidine
(15 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
CN (3 times)
ATR-IR (2 times)
DFT (2 times)
2003 Highly stereoselective, uniformly sized molecularly imprinted polymers for cinchona alkaloids in hydro-organic mobile phases.
94  codon
(15 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
HPFH (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
ACRS (1 time)
T) promoter mutation is responsible for the increased transcription of the 3' gamma gene in the Atlanta type of hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin. -->1994 The -158 (C-->T) promoter mutation is responsible for the increased transcription of the 3' gamma gene in the Atlanta type of hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin.
95  colorectal distension
(15 times)
Anesthesiology
(13 times)
TF (13 times)
AD (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
1994 [Evaluation of analgesic effects of morphine, buprenorphine and pentazocine in rats receiving somatic and visceral stimulation].
96  compound discrimination
(15 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ASST (4 times)
SD (3 times)
ATSET (2 times)
2000 Decreased color discrimination and contrast sensitivity in Parkinson's disease.
97  calving difficulty
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
GL (5 times)
BW (3 times)
BWT (3 times)
1979 Multiple linear and nonlinear regression analyses of factors causing calving difficulty.
98  cannabis dependence
(14 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
PPI (3 times)
AD (2 times)
AUC (2 times)
2008 Genetic and environmental contributions to nicotine, alcohol and cannabis dependence in male twins.
99  cerebellar degeneration
(14 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
PD (3 times)
AD (1 time)
aMCI (1 time)
1980 Dependence of reaction times on movement patterns in patients with Parkinson's disease and those with cerebellar degeneration.
100  cervical dislocation
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
HD (3 times)
MCD (2 times)
aCD (1 time)
1976 Uterine work in parturition.