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Abbreviation: CD
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Long forms: 1719

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Crohn's disease
(12175 times)
Gastroenterology
(6394 times)
UC (4939 times)
IBD (4042 times)
CI (646 times)
0 Quality of life after bowel resection for Crohns disease - first results.
circular dichroism
(8140 times)
Biochemistry
(3552 times)
FTIR (431 times)
HSA (352 times)
BSA (338 times)
1969 The circular dichroism of suspensions of frog rod outer segments.
celiac disease
(4076 times)
Gastroenterology
(1296 times)
GFD (596 times)
tTG (260 times)
EMA (179 times)
1975 A family study of coeliac disease.
cluster of differentiation
(1360 times)
Neoplasms
(339 times)
IL (168 times)
NK (49 times)
IFN (48 times)
1984 Nomenclature for clusters of differentiation (CD) of antigens defined on human leukocyte populations. IUIS-WHO Nomenclature Subcommittee.
conduct disorder
(1029 times)
Psychiatry
(538 times)
ADHD (381 times)
ODD (309 times)
CU (61 times)
1985 Electrodermal activity of undersocialized aggressive children: a pilot study.
cyclodextrin
(693 times)
Chemistry
(169 times)
CE (41 times)
HP-beta-CD (31 times)
beta-CD (26 times)
1984 Cyclodextrin polymer, a new tablet disintegrating agent.
Cushing's disease
(650 times)
Endocrinology
(439 times)
ACTH (92 times)
CS (91 times)
TSS (83 times)
1979 Plasma cortisol profiles in Cushing's syndrome.
cesarean delivery
(533 times)
Obstetrics
(217 times)
CI (74 times)
VD (51 times)
OR (42 times)
1993 [Perinatal infant mortality and cesarean section].
Castleman's disease
(420 times)
Hematology
(65 times)
MCD (53 times)
IL-6 (40 times)
HHV-8 (39 times)
0 Castlemans disease - surgical treatment, case reports.
10  cervical dystonia
(381 times)
Neurology
(252 times)
TWSTRS (65 times)
BoNT (41 times)
BoNT-A (23 times)
1991 Cervical dystonia: clinical findings and associated movement disorders.
11  control diet
(380 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(74 times)
HFD (140 times)
WD (27 times)
HF (20 times)
1978 The effect of protein-free diet on blood pressure in the Wistar rat.
12  conjugated dienes
(364 times)
Biochemistry
(67 times)
TBARS (119 times)
MDA (103 times)
SOD (85 times)
1986 Plasma fatty acid pattern including diene-conjugated linoleic acid in ethanol users and patients with ethanol-related liver disease.
13  cytosine deaminase
(349 times)
Neoplasms
(145 times)
5-FC (202 times)
5-FU (86 times)
GCV (31 times)
1986 Sensitization to X ray by 5-chloro-2'-deoxycytidine co-administered with tetrahydrouridine in several mammalian cell lines and studies of 2'-chloro derivatives.
14  Chagas disease
(316 times)
Tropical Medicine
(87 times)
BZ (17 times)
CCC (12 times)
T. cruzi (10 times)
1985 Chagas' disease: serodiagnosis with purified Gp25 antigen.
15  collecting duct
(294 times)
Nephrology
(136 times)
AQP2 (36 times)
ENaC (36 times)
CNT (29 times)
1973 Concentrating engines and the kidney. I. Central core model of the renal medulla.
16  beta-cyclodextrin
(235 times)
Chemistry
(77 times)
AD (12 times)
CE (7 times)
SEM (7 times)
1985 Nutritional significance of cyclodextrins: indigestibility and hypolipemic effect of alpha-cyclodextrin.
17  cytochalasin D
(224 times)
Cell Biology
(81 times)
CB (22 times)
NRK (7 times)
PKC (6 times)
1974 Action of cytochalasin D on cells of established lines. I. Early events.
18  circular dichroism spectroscopy
(186 times)
Biochemistry
(79 times)
DSC (16 times)
TEM (15 times)
AFM (12 times)
1981 Antifreeze glycoprotein. Conformational model based on vacuum ultraviolet circular dichroism data.
19  cathepsin D
(155 times)
Neoplasms
(45 times)
ER (14 times)
CB (12 times)
EGFR (8 times)
1981 Immunocytochemical localization of cathepsin D in rat neural tissue.
20  Clostridium difficile
(139 times)
Communicable Diseases
(34 times)
CDI (21 times)
CDAD (6 times)
CI (6 times)
1991 Tube feeding-related diarrhea in acutely Ill patients.
21  cortical dysplasia
(130 times)
Neurology
(89 times)
MRI (12 times)
BBB (7 times)
EEG (7 times)
1997 [Cerebral cortical dysplasia associated with epilepsy: MRI and clinical aspects].
22  color Doppler
(106 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(17 times)
US (43 times)
PD (23 times)
RI (6 times)
1990 [On the mechanisms of mitral regurgitation in rheumatic mitral valve disease: with special reference to the role of mitral valve prolapse].
23  catalytic domain
(100 times)
Biochemistry
(25 times)
CBM (15 times)
CBD (9 times)
MMPs (5 times)
1993 Expression of protein kinase C isozymes in rat glial cell line.
24  compact disc
(100 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(19 times)
CT (3 times)
LOD (3 times)
PACS (3 times)
1988 Materials developments for write-once and erasable phase-change optical recording.
25  choline-deficient
(97 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
CS (36 times)
GGT (8 times)
PC (8 times)
1968 Choline-deficiency fatty liver: impaired release of hepatic triglycerides.
26  capillary density
(96 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
VEGF (11 times)
OCTA (9 times)
FCSA (8 times)
1979 Changes in the capillarity of skeletal muscle in the growing rat.
27  contact dermatitis
(89 times)
Dermatology
(46 times)
AD (12 times)
DNFB (10 times)
ACD (9 times)
1985 Heterogeneity of dermal OKT6+ cells in inflammatory and neoplastic skin diseases.
28  Clavien-Dindo
(87 times)
General Surgery
(31 times)
LOS (7 times)
CCI (6 times)
AL (5 times)
2012 Risk assessment using a novel score to predict anastomotic leak and major complications after oesophageal resection.
29  cardiac death
(86 times)
Cardiology
(50 times)
MI (33 times)
CI (17 times)
HR (15 times)
1986 The orthogonal electrocardiogram as risk indicator for the prediction of myocardial infarction and/or cardiac death.
30  cocaine dependence
(84 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(26 times)
HC (13 times)
fMRI (7 times)
MRI (7 times)
1993 Allelic association of the D2 dopamine receptor gene with cocaine dependence.
31  conventional diet
(79 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
HD (11 times)
FD (8 times)
VMD (8 times)
1977 A double-blind trial of high versus conventional dosages of gold salts for rheumatoid arthritis.
32  complete denture
(78 times)
Dentistry
(70 times)
IOD (10 times)
RPD (10 times)
IRO (6 times)
1991 Oral sugar clearance in elderly people with prosthodontic reconstructions.
33  gamma-cyclodextrin
(76 times)
Chemistry
(23 times)
SDS (5 times)
HP-beta-CD (3 times)
CGTase (2 times)
1985 Effect of cyclodextrin cavity size on sensitization of room-temperature phosphorescence of biacetyl.
34  chromatic dispersion
(74 times)
Optics and Photonics
(73 times)
PMD (17 times)
OSNR (16 times)
SSMF (9 times)
2003 Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres.
35  Canavan disease
(71 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
NAA (41 times)
ASPA (36 times)
CNS (10 times)
1992 Biochemical diagnosis of Canavan disease.
36  chlordecone
(71 times)
Toxicology
(55 times)
PB (13 times)
3H-T (4 times)
ND (4 times)
1982 Preferential binding of chlordecone to the protein and high density lipoprotein fractions of plasma from humans and other species.
37  crypt depth
(64 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(27 times)
VH (56 times)
FCR (6 times)
VSA (5 times)
2004 Effects of early nutrition intervention on IGF1, IGFBP3, intestinal development, and catch-up growth of intrauterine growth retardation rats.
38  chow diet
(63 times)
Endocrinology
(12 times)
HFD (43 times)
NAFLD (6 times)
HF (5 times)
1996 Effect of aging on cortical spreading depression.
39  Cotrel-Dubousset
(63 times)
Orthopedics
(50 times)
AIS (5 times)
HL (2 times)
ODI (2 times)
1987 A comparative biomechanical study of spinal fixation using Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation.
40  cardiovascular disease
(59 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
IHD (8 times)
CRP (4 times)
HF (4 times)
1988 Mortality from ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease in Greenland.
41  conversion disorder
(59 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
DES (4 times)
PNES (3 times)
BDNF (2 times)
2002 Conversion motor paralysis disorder: overview and rehabilitation model.
42  correlation dimension
(59 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
HRV (12 times)
ApEn (10 times)
LLE (10 times)
1994 A nonlinear dynamical (chaos) approach to the analysis of broiler growth.
43  carbon dot
(58 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
FRET (6 times)
LOD (4 times)
NIR (2 times)
2012 Synthesis of gold@carbon dots composite nanoparticles for surface enhanced Raman scattering.
44  cell density
(58 times)
Ophthalmology
(24 times)
CCT (14 times)
CV (12 times)
HEX (11 times)
1984 Cell proliferation in carcinoma in bilharzial bladder: influence of pre-operative irradiation and clinical implications.
45  campomelic dysplasia
(57 times)
Genetics, Medical
(28 times)
ACD (6 times)
HMG (6 times)
PRS (6 times)
1993 Campomelic dysplasia--an underdiagnosed condition?
46  canine distemper
(57 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(31 times)
CDV (26 times)
MS (3 times)
RT-PCR (3 times)
1958 A bivalent live virus vaccine against canine distemper (CD) and infectious canine hepatitis (ICH).
47  corneal diameter
(54 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
ACD (11 times)
AL (11 times)
ND (9 times)
1985 Anterior segment and intraocular pressure measurements of the unanesthetized premature infant.
48  cognitive dysfunction
(53 times)
Rheumatology
(10 times)
SLE (9 times)
ANAM (5 times)
MoCA (4 times)
1985 Cognitive dysfunction and mild closed head injury in traumatic spinal cord injury.
49  contrast-detail
(52 times)
Biophysics
(28 times)
MTF (9 times)
CR (7 times)
IQF (7 times)
1984 Analysis of variations in contrast-detail experiments.
50  cadaveric donor
(48 times)
Transplantation
(29 times)
LD (20 times)
LRD (12 times)
NAPRTCS (8 times)
1981 Diagnostic and prognostic significance of an increase in fractional protein clearance ratio before and during rejection of renal transplant.
51  cluster designation
(48 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
NK (6 times)
IL-2 (3 times)
Ab (2 times)
1987 Generation of lymphokine-activated killer cell activity from human thymocytes.
52  core decompression
(48 times)
Orthopedics
(22 times)
ONFH (24 times)
THA (13 times)
HHS (9 times)
2004 Magnetic resonance imaging criteria of successful core decompression in avascular necrosis of the hip.
53  cow dung
(48 times)
Environmental Health
(24 times)
PD (4 times)
PM (4 times)
TOC (4 times)
2001 Assessment of sustainable vermiconversion of water hyacinth at different reactor efficiencies employing Eudrilus eugeniae kinberg.
54  cone dystrophy
(47 times)
Ophthalmology
(30 times)
ERG (6 times)
RP (6 times)
TGFBI (6 times)
1997 Cone and rod function in cone degenerations.
55  cumulative dose
(45 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
DAP (12 times)
FT (10 times)
KAP (6 times)
1988 Cumulative dose-response with infusion: a technique to determine neuromuscular blocking potency of atracurium and vecuronium.
56  cytoplasmic domain
(43 times)
Virology
(8 times)
ED (5 times)
HIV-1 (4 times)
RV (4 times)
1991 Structure-function relationships in the mast cell high affinity receptor for IgE. Role of the cytoplasmic domains and of the beta subunit.
57  carbidopa
(42 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
LD (29 times)
PD (10 times)
3-OMD (5 times)
1983 [Various aspects of dopaminergic function in patients with prolactin-secreting hypophyseal adenoma].
58  alpha-cyclodextrin
(41 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
PEO (3 times)
CGTase (2 times)
PAEs (2 times)
1990 Cytotoxic activity of polyacetylene compounds in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer.
59  common deletion
(40 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
mtDNA (24 times)
D-gal (5 times)
NOX (4 times)
1993 Respiratory chain and mitochondrial DNA in muscle and brain in Parkinson's disease patients.
60  cystic duct
(39 times)
General Surgery
(21 times)
CBD (15 times)
LC (12 times)
ICG (7 times)
1989 Choledochoscopy via the cystic duct: evaluation of a new ultrathin disposable choledochoscope.
61  cervical deformity
(38 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
cSVA (14 times)
ASD (7 times)
CL (7 times)
2015 Magnitude of preoperative cervical lordotic compensation and C2-T3 angle are correlated to increased risk of postoperative sagittal spinal pelvic malalignment in adult thoracolumbar deformity patients at 2-year follow-up.
62  cognitive decline
(36 times)
Geriatrics
(18 times)
MMSE (7 times)
AD (5 times)
OR (5 times)
1999 Impaired olfaction as a marker for cognitive decline: interaction with apolipoprotein E epsilon4 status.
63  current density
(36 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
EC (11 times)
COD (4 times)
DC (3 times)
1995 Voltage-dependent calcium currents are enhanced in dorsal root ganglion neurones from the Bio Bred/Worchester diabetic rat.
64  critical difference
(33 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(8 times)
CV (3 times)
ALA (2 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
1984 A comparative study of the traditional long case with the objective structured clinical examination in Lagos, Nigeria.
65  communication deviance
(31 times)
Psychiatry
(22 times)
EE (8 times)
AS (4 times)
TAT (3 times)
1984 Parental communication deviance and forms of thinking in male schizophrenic offspring.
66  chemical dependency
(29 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(17 times)
MH (3 times)
BI (2 times)
ED (2 times)
1989 Chemical dependence treatment review guidelines.
67  coefficient of determination
(29 times)
Genetics
(6 times)
AF (2 times)
BLUP (2 times)
CBTS (2 times)
1977 A path analysis of the causal relationships between red cell glycolytic intermediates, ADP and ATP in sickle cell anemia.
68  crural diaphragm
(29 times)
Gastroenterology
(19 times)
LES (18 times)
EGJ (14 times)
GERD (10 times)
2000 The effect of mechanoreceptor stimulation of the laryngopharynx on the oesophago-gastric junction.
69  cafeteria diet
(28 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
SD (5 times)
GSPE (3 times)
AMH (2 times)
1984 Pinealectomy has no effect on diet-induced thermogenesis and brown adipose tissue proliferation in rats.
70  choroidal detachment
(28 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
RRD (12 times)
IOP (9 times)
PPV (3 times)
1978 Molecular sieving in suprachoroidal fluid formation in man.
71  chronic dialysis
(25 times)
Nephrology
(9 times)
ESRD (5 times)
GFR (4 times)
ICU (3 times)
1997 Psychosocial problem assessment and end-stage renal disease patient outcomes.
72  critical dimension
(25 times)
Biophysics
(9 times)
EUV (3 times)
AFM (2 times)
DSA (2 times)
2006 Effect of critical dimension variation on SAW correlator energy.
73  chromodomain
(24 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
HP1 (8 times)
CSD (7 times)
PRC1 (2 times)
2000 Dimerisation of a chromo shadow domain and distinctions from the chromodomain as revealed by structural analysis.
74  methyl-beta-cyclodextrin
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
CHO (2 times)
ABCA1 (1 time)
AC (1 time)
1998 Growth and survival of Helicobacter pylori in defined medium and susceptibility to Brij 78.
75  cell death
(23 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
AML (2 times)
HI (2 times)
PCD (2 times)
1992 Blocking the Ca(2+)-activated cytotoxic mechanisms of cholinergic neuronal death: a novel treatment strategy for Alzheimer's disease.
76  charge distribution
(22 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
MUSIC (5 times)
MO/DFT (4 times)
DFT (2 times)
1996 Multisite Adsorption of Cadmium on Goethite
77  colostrum-deprived
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
CF (10 times)
CR (3 times)
LPS (3 times)
1975 Antibody responses to neonatal immunisation in calves.
78  charge density
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
MW (5 times)
ESP (2 times)
TCOD (2 times)
1999 QSAR studies on antimalarial activities of 2-phenyl-4-quinoline-carbinolamines.
79  hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin
(19 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
NPC (3 times)
CCs (2 times)
AAR (1 time)
1993 2-Hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin enhances phorbol ester effects on glucose transport and/or protein kinase C-beta translocation to the plasma membrane in rat adipocytes and soleus muscles.
80  choline-devoid
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
CS (7 times)
GGT (6 times)
PHB (5 times)
1978 Enhancement of DL-ethionine-induced liver carcinogenesis in rats fed a choline-devoid diet.
81  commercial diet
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AAT (2 times)
FM (2 times)
HD (2 times)
1983 Modifying factors in pancreatic carcinogenesis in the hamster model. I. Effect of protein-free diet fed during the early stages of carcinogenesis.
82  common docking
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
MAP (2 times)
MAPK (2 times)
MAPKs (2 times)
2001 Identification of a docking groove on ERK and p38 MAP kinases that regulates the specificity of docking interactions.
83  corollary discharge
(18 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
CRF (1 time)
CW (1 time)
ELL (1 time)
2008 Brain circuits for the internal monitoring of movements.
84  chemically defined
(17 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
CHO (5 times)
GFAP (3 times)
ADCF (1 time)
1983 Differentiation of purified astrocytes in a chemically defined medium.
85  communicable diseases
(17 times)
Public Health
(7 times)
NCD (7 times)
AMR (1 time)
ART (1 time)
1993 International migration and control of communicable diseases.
86  coronary disease
(17 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
LAD (3 times)
DF (2 times)
EDV/S (2 times)
1983 [Treatment of pain in patients with ischemic heart disease and osteochondrosis of the cervicothoracic vertebrae].
87  cycle day
(17 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(12 times)
ICSI (2 times)
IVF (2 times)
CC (1 time)
1983 Anovulatory luteal cycles in primates.
88  cannabis dependence
(16 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(6 times)
PPI (3 times)
AD (2 times)
AUC (2 times)
2008 Genetic and environmental contributions to nicotine, alcohol and cannabis dependence in male twins.
89  Caton-Deschamps
(16 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
BP (15 times)
IS (13 times)
MIS (6 times)
2000 Reliability and interobserver variability in radiological patellar height ratios.
90  change detection
(16 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
CVA (2 times)
IT (2 times)
LULC (2 times)
2010 A context-sensitive technique robust to registration noise for change detection in VHR multispectral images.
91  chlorine dioxide
(16 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
RH (3 times)
VAS (3 times)
SH (2 times)
1990 Chlorine Dioxide Gas Sterilization under Square-Wave Conditions.
92  clinically definite
(16 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
MS (11 times)
CIS (6 times)
MRI (3 times)
1989 Comparative impact of paraclinical studies in establishing the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis.
93  compound discrimination
(16 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
ASST (4 times)
ATSET (3 times)
mPFC (3 times)
2000 Decreased color discrimination and contrast sensitivity in Parkinson's disease.
94  conduction disturbances
(16 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
CI (2 times)
ECG (2 times)
LBBB (2 times)
1979 Conduction disturbances in patients with calcified mitral annulus diagnosed by echocardiography.
95  corona discharge
(16 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(14 times)
IMS (8 times)
APCI (3 times)
EC (2 times)
2008 Single-walled carbon nanotube sensor monitoring the dissociation of argon gas.
96  chenodeoxycholic acid
(15 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
DC (2 times)
GCD (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
1974 Bile acid kinetics in relation to sex, serum lipids, body weights, and gallbladder disease in patients with various types of hyperlipoproteinemia;.
97  Cholesky decomposition
(15 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
DF (4 times)
CCSD (3 times)
ERIs (3 times)
2007 Unbiased auxiliary basis sets for accurate two-electron integral approximations.
98  cinchonidine
(15 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
CN (3 times)
ATR-IR (2 times)
DFT (2 times)
2003 Highly stereoselective, uniformly sized molecularly imprinted polymers for cinchona alkaloids in hydro-organic mobile phases.
99  codon
(15 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
HPFH (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
ACRS (1 time)
T) promoter mutation is responsible for the increased transcription of the 3' gamma gene in the Atlanta type of hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin. -->1994 The -158 (C-->T) promoter mutation is responsible for the increased transcription of the 3' gamma gene in the Atlanta type of hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin.
100  colorectal distension
(15 times)
Anesthesiology
(13 times)
TF (13 times)
AD (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
1994 [Evaluation of analgesic effects of morphine, buprenorphine and pentazocine in rats receiving somatic and visceral stimulation].