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Abbreviation: CD
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Crohn's disease
(9656 times)
Gastroenterology
(5320 times)
UC (3923 times)
IBD (3160 times)
CI (503 times)
0 Quality of life after bowel resection for Crohns disease - first results.
circular dichroism
(7123 times)
Biochemistry
(3327 times)
FTIR (357 times)
HSA (286 times)
BSA (282 times)
1969 The circular dichroism of suspensions of frog rod outer segments.
celiac disease
(3387 times)
Gastroenterology
(1134 times)
GFD (446 times)
tTG (235 times)
EMA (168 times)
1975 A family study of coeliac disease.
cluster of differentiation
(955 times)
Neoplasms
(222 times)
IL (121 times)
IFN (38 times)
DCs (33 times)
1984 Nomenclature for clusters of differentiation (CD) of antigens defined on human leukocyte populations. IUIS-WHO Nomenclature Subcommittee.
conduct disorder
(923 times)
Psychiatry
(490 times)
ADHD (347 times)
ODD (274 times)
CU (46 times)
1985 Electrodermal activity of undersocialized aggressive children: a pilot study.
cyclodextrin
(560 times)
Chemistry
(137 times)
CE (40 times)
beta-CD (22 times)
HP-beta-CD (18 times)
1984 Cyclodextrin polymer, a new tablet disintegrating agent.
Cushing's disease
(489 times)
Endocrinology
(350 times)
CS (68 times)
ACTH (65 times)
TSS (63 times)
1979 Plasma cortisol profiles in Cushing's syndrome.
cesarean delivery
(360 times)
Obstetrics
(141 times)
CI (53 times)
VD (34 times)
OR (32 times)
1993 [Perinatal infant mortality and cesarean section].
conjugated dienes
(340 times)
Biochemistry
(65 times)
TBARS (116 times)
MDA (93 times)
SOD (79 times)
1986 Plasma fatty acid pattern including diene-conjugated linoleic acid in ethanol users and patients with ethanol-related liver disease.
10  Castleman's disease
(338 times)
Hematology
(54 times)
MCD (34 times)
IL-6 (31 times)
HHV-8 (29 times)
0 Castlemans disease - surgical treatment, case reports.
11  cytosine deaminase
(324 times)
Neoplasms
(139 times)
5-FC (193 times)
5-FU (80 times)
GCV (30 times)
1986 Sensitization to X ray by 5-chloro-2'-deoxycytidine co-administered with tetrahydrouridine in several mammalian cell lines and studies of 2'-chloro derivatives.
12  cervical dystonia
(302 times)
Neurology
(210 times)
TWSTRS (48 times)
BoNT (29 times)
BoNT-A (17 times)
1991 Cervical dystonia: clinical findings and associated movement disorders.
13  control diet
(273 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(56 times)
HFD (91 times)
WD (15 times)
ED (14 times)
1978 The effect of protein-free diet on blood pressure in the Wistar rat.
14  collecting duct
(258 times)
Nephrology
(125 times)
ENaC (33 times)
AQP2 (31 times)
CNT (28 times)
1973 Concentrating engines and the kidney. I. Central core model of the renal medulla.
15  cytochalasin D
(221 times)
Cell Biology
(80 times)
CB (22 times)
NRK (7 times)
PKC (6 times)
1974 Action of cytochalasin D on cells of established lines. I. Early events.
16  beta-cyclodextrin
(196 times)
Chemistry
(67 times)
AD (8 times)
CE (7 times)
DSC (5 times)
1985 Nutritional significance of cyclodextrins: indigestibility and hypolipemic effect of alpha-cyclodextrin.
17  Chagas disease
(184 times)
Tropical Medicine
(41 times)
BZ (9 times)
CCC (7 times)
DCM (6 times)
1985 Chagas' disease: serodiagnosis with purified Gp25 antigen.
18  cathepsin D
(155 times)
Neoplasms
(45 times)
ER (14 times)
CB (12 times)
EGFR (8 times)
1981 Immunocytochemical localization of cathepsin D in rat neural tissue.
19  circular dichroism spectroscopy
(154 times)
Biochemistry
(70 times)
DSC (16 times)
TEM (10 times)
DLS (9 times)
1981 Antifreeze glycoprotein. Conformational model based on vacuum ultraviolet circular dichroism data.
20  cortical dysplasia
(125 times)
Neurology
(89 times)
MRI (12 times)
BBB (7 times)
EEG (7 times)
1997 [Cerebral cortical dysplasia associated with epilepsy: MRI and clinical aspects].
21  Clostridium difficile
(107 times)
Communicable Diseases
(29 times)
CDI (11 times)
CDAD (6 times)
CI (5 times)
1991 Tube feeding-related diarrhea in acutely Ill patients.
22  color Doppler
(96 times)
Radiology
(16 times)
US (40 times)
PD (19 times)
RI (6 times)
1990 [On the mechanisms of mitral regurgitation in rheumatic mitral valve disease: with special reference to the role of mitral valve prolapse].
23  choline-deficient
(94 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
CS (35 times)
GGT (8 times)
PC (8 times)
1968 Choline-deficiency fatty liver: impaired release of hepatic triglycerides.
24  compact disc
(88 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(17 times)
CT (3 times)
PACS (3 times)
BSA (2 times)
1988 Materials developments for write-once and erasable phase-change optical recording.
25  catalytic domain
(81 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
CBM (10 times)
CBD (8 times)
CMC (4 times)
1993 Expression of protein kinase C isozymes in rat glial cell line.
26  capillary density
(80 times)
Physiology
(21 times)
VEGF (9 times)
EDL (7 times)
FCSA (7 times)
1979 Changes in the capillarity of skeletal muscle in the growing rat.
27  contact dermatitis
(75 times)
Dermatology
(41 times)
AD (11 times)
DNFB (9 times)
ACD (6 times)
1985 Heterogeneity of dermal OKT6+ cells in inflammatory and neoplastic skin diseases.
28  cocaine dependence
(73 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(24 times)
HC (9 times)
MRI (7 times)
AD (6 times)
1993 Allelic association of the D2 dopamine receptor gene with cocaine dependence.
29  gamma-cyclodextrin
(70 times)
Chemistry
(21 times)
SDS (5 times)
HP-beta-CD (3 times)
CGTase (2 times)
1985 Effect of cyclodextrin cavity size on sensitization of room-temperature phosphorescence of biacetyl.
30  Canavan disease
(69 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
NAA (40 times)
ASPA (36 times)
CNS (9 times)
1992 Biochemical diagnosis of Canavan disease.
31  chlordecone
(69 times)
Toxicology
(55 times)
PB (13 times)
3H-T (4 times)
ND (4 times)
1982 Preferential binding of chlordecone to the protein and high density lipoprotein fractions of plasma from humans and other species.
32  cardiac death
(63 times)
Cardiology
(37 times)
MI (23 times)
CI (10 times)
MPS (9 times)
1986 The orthogonal electrocardiogram as risk indicator for the prediction of myocardial infarction and/or cardiac death.
33  Cotrel-Dubousset
(63 times)
Orthopedics
(50 times)
AIS (5 times)
HL (2 times)
ODI (2 times)
1987 A comparative biomechanical study of spinal fixation using Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation.
34  chromatic dispersion
(59 times)
Optics and Photonics
(58 times)
PMD (16 times)
OSNR (12 times)
BER (5 times)
2003 Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres.
35  complete denture
(58 times)
Dentistry
(52 times)
IOD (8 times)
RPD (8 times)
OHRQoL (5 times)
1991 Oral sugar clearance in elderly people with prosthodontic reconstructions.
36  campomelic dysplasia
(53 times)
Genetics, Medical
(27 times)
HMG (6 times)
ACD (5 times)
PRS (5 times)
1993 Campomelic dysplasia--an underdiagnosed condition?
37  correlation dimension
(52 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
HRV (11 times)
ApEn (10 times)
LLE (10 times)
1994 A nonlinear dynamical (chaos) approach to the analysis of broiler growth.
38  cardiovascular disease
(50 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
IHD (6 times)
CRP (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1988 Mortality from ischaemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease in Greenland.
39  cluster designation
(48 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
NK (6 times)
IL-2 (3 times)
Ab (2 times)
1987 Generation of lymphokine-activated killer cell activity from human thymocytes.
40  conversion disorder
(48 times)
Psychiatry
(19 times)
DES (4 times)
BDNF (2 times)
CTQ (2 times)
2002 Conversion motor paralysis disorder: overview and rehabilitation model.
41  cadaveric donor
(46 times)
Transplantation
(28 times)
LD (19 times)
LRD (12 times)
NAPRTCS (8 times)
1981 Diagnostic and prognostic significance of an increase in fractional protein clearance ratio before and during rejection of renal transplant.
42  canine distemper
(46 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(26 times)
CDV (19 times)
MS (3 times)
RT-PCR (3 times)
1958 A bivalent live virus vaccine against canine distemper (CD) and infectious canine hepatitis (ICH).
43  cell density
(45 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
CV (8 times)
VD (8 times)
CCT (7 times)
1984 Cell proliferation in carcinoma in bilharzial bladder: influence of pre-operative irradiation and clinical implications.
44  contrast-detail
(45 times)
Biophysics
(24 times)
CR (7 times)
MTF (7 times)
DQE (6 times)
1984 Analysis of variations in contrast-detail experiments.
45  corneal diameter
(45 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
ND (9 times)
ACD (8 times)
AL (8 times)
1985 Anterior segment and intraocular pressure measurements of the unanesthetized premature infant.
46  cone dystrophy
(44 times)
Ophthalmology
(28 times)
ERG (6 times)
RP (6 times)
CRD (5 times)
1997 Cone and rod function in cone degenerations.
47  cytoplasmic domain
(42 times)
Virology
(8 times)
ED (4 times)
HIV-1 (4 times)
RV (4 times)
1991 Structure-function relationships in the mast cell high affinity receptor for IgE. Role of the cytoplasmic domains and of the beta subunit.
48  common deletion
(39 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
mtDNA (24 times)
D-gal (5 times)
NOX (4 times)
1993 Respiratory chain and mitochondrial DNA in muscle and brain in Parkinson's disease patients.
49  conventional diet
(39 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
HD (7 times)
UAD (4 times)
BD (2 times)
1977 A double-blind trial of high versus conventional dosages of gold salts for rheumatoid arthritis.
50  carbidopa
(36 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
LD (24 times)
PD (8 times)
EN (5 times)
1983 [Various aspects of dopaminergic function in patients with prolactin-secreting hypophyseal adenoma].
51  cumulative dose
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
DAP (9 times)
FT (7 times)
KAP (5 times)
1988 Cumulative dose-response with infusion: a technique to determine neuromuscular blocking potency of atracurium and vecuronium.
52  Clavien-Dindo
(35 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
HR (4 times)
CRP (3 times)
LOS (3 times)
2012 Risk assessment using a novel score to predict anastomotic leak and major complications after oesophageal resection.
53  alpha-cyclodextrin
(34 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
PEO (3 times)
CGTase (2 times)
PAEs (2 times)
1990 Cytotoxic activity of polyacetylene compounds in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer.
54  chow diet
(33 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
HFD (21 times)
HCD (3 times)
HF (3 times)
1996 Effect of aging on cortical spreading depression.
55  cow dung
(33 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
PM (4 times)
PD (3 times)
PW (3 times)
2001 Assessment of sustainable vermiconversion of water hyacinth at different reactor efficiencies employing Eudrilus eugeniae kinberg.
56  cystic duct
(33 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
CBD (15 times)
LC (10 times)
ICG (5 times)
1989 Choledochoscopy via the cystic duct: evaluation of a new ultrathin disposable choledochoscope.
57  crypt depth
(30 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
VH (26 times)
Arg (3 times)
BWG (3 times)
2004 Effects of early nutrition intervention on IGF1, IGFBP3, intestinal development, and catch-up growth of intrauterine growth retardation rats.
58  cognitive decline
(29 times)
Geriatrics
(16 times)
MMSE (6 times)
AD (3 times)
OR (3 times)
1999 Impaired olfaction as a marker for cognitive decline: interaction with apolipoprotein E epsilon4 status.
59  communication deviance
(29 times)
Psychiatry
(21 times)
EE (8 times)
AS (4 times)
TAT (3 times)
1984 Parental communication deviance and forms of thinking in male schizophrenic offspring.
60  chemical dependency
(28 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(17 times)
BI (2 times)
ED (2 times)
MH (2 times)
1989 Chemical dependence treatment review guidelines.
61  critical difference
(28 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(6 times)
CV (3 times)
ALA (2 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
1984 A comparative study of the traditional long case with the objective structured clinical examination in Lagos, Nigeria.
62  cognitive dysfunction
(26 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
ANAM (3 times)
APOE (3 times)
CEA (3 times)
1985 Cognitive dysfunction and mild closed head injury in traumatic spinal cord injury.
63  core decompression
(26 times)
Orthopedics
(12 times)
ONFH (10 times)
THA (7 times)
AVN (4 times)
2004 Magnetic resonance imaging criteria of successful core decompression in avascular necrosis of the hip.
64  current density
(26 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
EC (10 times)
BSPMs (2 times)
COD (2 times)
1995 Voltage-dependent calcium currents are enhanced in dorsal root ganglion neurones from the Bio Bred/Worchester diabetic rat.
65  coefficient of determination
(25 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
AF (2 times)
CBTS (2 times)
ANs (1 time)
1977 A path analysis of the causal relationships between red cell glycolytic intermediates, ADP and ATP in sickle cell anemia.
66  crural diaphragm
(25 times)
Gastroenterology
(16 times)
LES (14 times)
EGJ (12 times)
GERD (8 times)
2000 The effect of mechanoreceptor stimulation of the laryngopharynx on the oesophago-gastric junction.
67  choroidal detachment
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
RRD (10 times)
IOP (7 times)
UBM (3 times)
1978 Molecular sieving in suprachoroidal fluid formation in man.
68  chronic dialysis
(24 times)
Nephrology
(9 times)
ESRD (4 times)
GFR (4 times)
ICU (3 times)
1997 Psychosocial problem assessment and end-stage renal disease patient outcomes.
69  methyl-beta-cyclodextrin
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
CHO (2 times)
ABCA1 (1 time)
ADRP (1 time)
1998 Growth and survival of Helicobacter pylori in defined medium and susceptibility to Brij 78.
70  cafeteria diet
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
GSPE (3 times)
SD (3 times)
BAT (2 times)
1984 Pinealectomy has no effect on diet-induced thermogenesis and brown adipose tissue proliferation in rats.
71  charge distribution
(21 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
MUSIC (5 times)
MO/DFT (4 times)
DFT (2 times)
1996 Multisite Adsorption of Cadmium on Goethite
72  critical dimension
(19 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
AFM (2 times)
EUV (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
2006 Effect of critical dimension variation on SAW correlator energy.
73  choline-devoid
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
CS (7 times)
GGT (6 times)
PhB (5 times)
1978 Enhancement of DL-ethionine-induced liver carcinogenesis in rats fed a choline-devoid diet.
74  colostrum-deprived
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
CF (10 times)
LPS (3 times)
PCV2 (3 times)
1975 Antibody responses to neonatal immunisation in calves.
75  chromodomain
(17 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
HP1 (7 times)
CSD (6 times)
AR (1 time)
2000 Dimerisation of a chromo shadow domain and distinctions from the chromodomain as revealed by structural analysis.
76  cycle day
(17 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(12 times)
ICSI (2 times)
IVF (2 times)
CC (1 time)
1983 Anovulatory luteal cycles in primates.
77  carbon dot
(16 times)
Nanotechnology
(6 times)
ACDs (1 time)
b-CDs (1 time)
C-hMOS (1 time)
2012 Synthesis of gold@carbon dots composite nanoparticles for surface enhanced Raman scattering.
78  clinically definite
(16 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
MS (11 times)
CIS (6 times)
MRI (3 times)
1989 Comparative impact of paraclinical studies in establishing the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis.
79  common docking
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
MAP (2 times)
MAPK (2 times)
MAPKs (2 times)
2001 Identification of a docking groove on ERK and p38 MAP kinases that regulates the specificity of docking interactions.
80  chemically defined
(15 times)
Biotechnology
(5 times)
CHO (3 times)
GFAP (3 times)
ADCF (1 time)
1983 Differentiation of purified astrocytes in a chemically defined medium.
81  colorectal distension
(15 times)
Anesthesiology
(13 times)
TF (13 times)
AD (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
1994 [Evaluation of analgesic effects of morphine, buprenorphine and pentazocine in rats receiving somatic and visceral stimulation].
82  commercial diet
(15 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AAT (2 times)
HD (2 times)
OS (2 times)
1983 Modifying factors in pancreatic carcinogenesis in the hamster model. I. Effect of protein-free diet fed during the early stages of carcinogenesis.
83  corollary discharge
(15 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
CRF (1 time)
CW (1 time)
ELL (1 time)
2008 Brain circuits for the internal monitoring of movements.
84  coronary disease
(15 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
LAD (3 times)
DF (2 times)
EDV/S (2 times)
1983 [Treatment of pain in patients with ischemic heart disease and osteochondrosis of the cervicothoracic vertebrae].
85  calving difficulty
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
GL (5 times)
BW (3 times)
BWT (3 times)
1979 Multiple linear and nonlinear regression analyses of factors causing calving difficulty.
86  chenodeoxycholic acid
(14 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
DC (2 times)
GCD (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
1974 Bile acid kinetics in relation to sex, serum lipids, body weights, and gallbladder disease in patients with various types of hyperlipoproteinemia;.
87  conduction disturbances
(14 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
VTSABD (3 times)
ECG (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
1979 Conduction disturbances in patients with calcified mitral annulus diagnosed by echocardiography.
88  hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
CCs (2 times)
AAR (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
1993 2-Hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin enhances phorbol ester effects on glucose transport and/or protein kinase C-beta translocation to the plasma membrane in rat adipocytes and soleus muscles.
89  Caton-Deschamps
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
BP (13 times)
IS (12 times)
MIS (6 times)
2000 Reliability and interobserver variability in radiological patellar height ratios.
90  cerebellar degeneration
(13 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
PD (3 times)
AD (1 time)
aMCI (1 time)
1980 Dependence of reaction times on movement patterns in patients with Parkinson's disease and those with cerebellar degeneration.
91  chlorine dioxide
(13 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
RH (3 times)
VAS (3 times)
ASC (1 time)
1990 Chlorine Dioxide Gas Sterilization under Square-Wave Conditions.
92  Cholesky decomposition
(13 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
DF (3 times)
RI (3 times)
aCD (2 times)
2007 Unbiased auxiliary basis sets for accurate two-electron integral approximations.
93  cinchonidine
(13 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
ATR-IR (2 times)
CN (2 times)
DFT (2 times)
2003 Highly stereoselective, uniformly sized molecularly imprinted polymers for cinchona alkaloids in hydro-organic mobile phases.
94  codon
(13 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
HPFH (2 times)
ACRS (1 time)
ARMS (1 time)
T) promoter mutation is responsible for the increased transcription of the 3' gamma gene in the Atlanta type of hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin. -->1994 The -158 (C-->T) promoter mutation is responsible for the increased transcription of the 3' gamma gene in the Atlanta type of hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin.
95  communicable diseases
(13 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
NCD (5 times)
AMR (1 time)
ART (1 time)
1993 International migration and control of communicable diseases.
96  cytoplasmic droplet
(13 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(8 times)
15-LOX (2 times)
AI (2 times)
DIC (2 times)
2003 Spermatotoxic effect of aflatoxin B(1) in the albino mouse.
97  drag coefficient
(13 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
CFD (3 times)
AD (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1980 Effect of air resistance on the metabolic cost and performance of cycling.
98  cardiac dysfunction
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
LVEF (4 times)
CE (2 times)
CHF (2 times)
2002 Cardiac dysfunction in the trastuzumab clinical trials experience.
99  cardiac-denervated
(12 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
INT (4 times)
HR (3 times)
SO (2 times)
1982 Heart rate adaptation to exercise training in cardiac-denervated dogs.
100  cell death
(12 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
HI (2 times)
PCD (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1992 Blocking the Ca(2+)-activated cytotoxic mechanisms of cholinergic neuronal death: a novel treatment strategy for Alzheimer's disease.