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Abbreviation: CDL
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Long forms: 112

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cochlear duct length
(50 times)
Otolaryngology
(30 times)
CT (14 times)
CI (12 times)
HRCT (5 times)
2010 Depth of electrode insertion and postoperative performance in humans with cochlear implants: a histopathologic study.
choledocholithiasis
(28 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
ERCP (8 times)
LC (5 times)
CBD (4 times)
1994 Recent advances in the management of gallstones.
closed duodenal loop
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
CCK (2 times)
alpha2M-TRY (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1992 The closed duodenal loop technique.
coherent Doppler lidar
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
AABS (1 time)
airPLS (1 time)
FPGA (1 time)
2010 Reduction of phase-induced intensity noise in a fiber-based coherent Doppler lidar using polarization control.
complement-dependent lysis
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
ADCC (3 times)
HAI (2 times)
NK (2 times)
1975 The genetic control of T cell-mediated immunity against the DBA/2 mastocytoma P-815. II. Low responsiveness in T cell-mediated cytotoxicity accompanied by the inability to produce antibodies in a secondary response.
critical day length
(8 times)
Zoology
(3 times)
NH (1 time)
PPRCs (1 time)
1994 Critical day lengths for egg production and photorefractoriness in the domestic turkey.
central dark line
(7 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
FTIR (1 time)
HA (1 time)
HAADF (1 time)
1992 Human amelogenesis. I: High resolution electron microscopy study of ribbon-like crystals.
constitutional dynamic library
(6 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
CAIs (1 time)
CDN (1 time)
DCLs (1 time)
2009 Carbonic anhydrase-encoded dynamic constitutional libraries: toward the discovery of isozyme-specific inhibitors.
Cropland Data Layer
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
NASS (2 times)
AB (1 time)
CONUS (1 time)
2010 Cropland carbon fluxes in the United States: increasing geospatial resolution of inventory-based carbon accounting.
10  chronic diseases of lifestyle
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
eCMS (1 time)
ESNR (1 time)
2013 Provincial screening rates for chronic diseases of lifestyle, cancers and HIV in a health-insured population.
11  commercial driver license
(5 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
AADE (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
DMV (1 time)
1996 Evaluation of California's commercial driver license program.
12  cystic duct leak
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
LC (5 times)
ERCP (2 times)
CBDLS (1 time)
1994 Cystic duct leaks in laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
13  common duct ligation
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
IGF-I (1 time)
1976 Susceptibility of the liver and biliary tract to anaerobic infection in extrahepatic biliary tract obstruction. II. Liver function and morphology of the liver and biliary tract--an experimental study in rabbits.
14  cotyledonoid dissecting leiomyoma
(4 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Cotyledonoid dissecting leiomyoma of the uterus associated with endosalpingiosis.
15  Crohn's disease-like
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
IPAA (3 times)
UC (3 times)
ASCA (1 time)
2012 Utility of fecal and serum anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies in the diagnosis of Crohn's disease-like condition of the pouch.
16  California Digital Library
(3 times)
DAACs (1 time)
DOIs (1 time)
EMBL-EBI (1 time)
2015 DataUp: A tool to help researchers describe and share tabular data.
17  Centre for Data Linkage
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DL (1 time)
NCRIS (1 time)
PHRN (1 time)
2011 A transparent and transportable methodology for evaluating Data Linkage software.
18  Chemical Descriptors Library
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CBG (1 time)
PLSR (1 time)
SHBG (1 time)
2008 Chemical Descriptors Library (CDL): a generic, open source software library for chemical informatics.
19  clinical decision limits
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
LS (2 times)
EIA (1 time)
THA (1 time)
1995 [Problems related to determination of reference interval and clinical decision limit in enzyme immunoassay].
20  clinical diagnostic laboratories
(3 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
MFR (1 time)
1990 [Mathematical model of technical equipment of a clinical-diagnostic laboratory].
21  clustered DNA lesions
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
cdPus (3 times)
BER (2 times)
cdA (2 times)
2021 When UDG and hAPE1 Meet Cyclopurines. How (5'R) and (5'S) 5',8-Cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine and 5',8-Cyclo-2'-deoxyguanosine Affect UDG and hAPE1 Activity?
22  Conditional Discrimination Learning
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
aDMTS (1 time)
DNMS (1 time)
2002 Ontogenetic dissociation between habit learning and recognition memory in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella).
23  contact diode laser
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
BBCA (1 time)
MPC (1 time)
2004 Contact diode laser tonsillectomy in children.
24  conventional deadlift
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
BM (1 time)
FFM (1 time)
GM (1 time)
2016 Comparison of Muscle Involvement and Posture Between the Conventional Deadlift and a "Walk-In" Style Deadlift Machine.
25  Convolutional dictionary learning
(3 times)
Pattern Recognition, Automated
(1 time)
CSC (1 time)
OCDL (1 time)
2019 Joint and Direct Optimization for Dictionary Learning in Convolutional Sparse Representation.
26  coupled dictionary learning
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
PCT (1 time)
tMRI (1 time)
2016 Tag removal in cardiac tagged MRI images using coupled dictionary learning.
27  carbon dioxide laser
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
--- 2016 Experimental Endoscopic Cordotomy in the Sheep Model.
28  cardiolipin
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
cyt c (1 time)
FCS (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
1987 Calcium binding to mixed cardiolipin-phosphatidylcholine bilayers as studied by deuterium nuclear magnetic resonance.
29  carvedilol
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CTN (2 times)
AR (1 time)
DOCA (1 time)
2009 Effect of Asparagus racemosus extract on transdermal delivery of carvedilol: a mechanistic study.
30  catheter-directed lysis
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ALI (1 time)
DVT (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2016 Patterns in the Management of Acute Limb Ischemia: A VESS Survey.
31  catheter-directed thrombolysis
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
PE (1 time)
RV (1 time)
SPE (1 time)
2019 A comparison of surgical pulmonary embolectomy and catheter-directed lysis for life-threatening pulmonary emboli.
32  Caucasian double lid
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ADL (2 times)
ASL (2 times)
2016 Exploring the Predisposition of the Asian Eye toDevelopment of Dry Eye.
33  CD-like
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
anti-TNF (1 time)
IM (1 time)
2018 Biologics and immunomodulators for treating Crohn's disease developing after surgery for an initial diagnosis of ulcerative colitis: a review of current literature.
34  cell-depleted layer
(2 times)
Microfluidic Analytical Techniques
(1 time)
DRPs (1 time)
HA (1 time)
RBC (1 time)
2013 The effect of red blood cell aggregation on velocity and cell-depleted layer characteristics of blood in a bifurcating microchannel.
35  central decompressive laminoplasty
(2 times)
Central Nervous System
(1 time)
ODI (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
LSS (1 time)
2014 Central decompressive laminoplasty for treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis : technique and early surgical results.
36  Central Diagnostic Laboratory
(2 times)
AMR (1 time)
2018 Retrospective study on cattle and poultry diseases in Uganda.
37  child-directed language
(2 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
BSL (1 time)
2002 Recasts in parents' language to their school-age children who stutter: a preliminary study.
38  chronic discoid lupus
(2 times)
Neuropsychology
(1 time)
ADLE (1 time)
AVB (1 time)
DC (1 time)
1981 [Disorders of conduction in lupus erythematosus : frequency and incidence in a group of 112 patients (author's transl)].
39  chronic diseases of the liver
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
CH (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
2007 [HCV infection in the elderly].
40  Collagen Diagnostic Laboratory
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
NAI (1 time)
OI (1 time)
OL (1 time)
2015 The challenge of comprehensive and consistent sequence variant interpretation between clinical laboratories.
41  common bile duct
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 1991 Impaired clearance and organ localization of Candida albicans in obstructive jaundice.
42  compass depressor ligament
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
GAGs (1 time)
2011 New insights into mutable collagenous tissue: correlations between the microstructure and mechanical state of a sea-urchin ligament.
43  complement-dependent lymphocytotoxicity
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
EIA (2 times)
AHG (1 time)
CLIA (1 time)
1985 Simultaneous detection of platelet and lymphocyte antibodies by slide enzyme immunoassay.
44  conditional deep learning
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ENKTL (1 time)
gcForest (1 time)
LS (1 time)
2021 Weakly supervised deep learning for determining the prognostic value of 18F-FDG PET/CT in extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphoma, nasal type.
45  conformation-dependent library
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Conformation-dependent backbone geometry restraints set a new standard for protein crystallographic refinement.
46  contrast defect length
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CSI (2 times)
WMSI (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
2009 Intracoronary nitroprusside in the prevention of the no-reflow phenomenon in acute myocardial infarction.
47  convective deceleration load
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
NWM (1 time)
RV (1 time)
2003 RV instantaneous intraventricular diastolic pressure and velocity distributions in normal and volume overload awake dog disease models.
48  Cornelia de Lange
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CCF (1 time)
GER (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
1989 Gastroesophageal dysfunction in Cornelia de Lange syndrome.
49  corydaline
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
THP (2 times)
AP side (1 time)
BL side (1 time)
2012 Development and validation of liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for simultaneous determination of four tertiary alkaloids in rat plasma and its application to a pharmacokinetic study.
50  (poly(U-co-CDL-aee)) materials using cardanol-based benzoxazines
(1 time)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
3-ap (1 time)
aee (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2021 Eco-Friendly Sustainable Poly(benzoxazine-co-urethane) with Room-Temperature-Assisted Self-Healing Based on Supramolecular Interactions.
51  C-catalyzed delignification
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
HMF (1 time)
LA (1 time)
TFA (1 time)
2019 Overcoming cellulose recalcitrance in woody biomass for the lignin-first biorefinery.
52  cadaver dissection laboratory
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
2015 Background music in the dissection laboratory: impact on stress associated with the dissection experience.
53  Calvarial Doughnut Lesions with Bone Fragility
(1 time)
SM (1 time)
2021 Calvarial doughnut lesions with bone fragility in a French-Canadian family; case report and review of the literature.
54  capillary-discharge Ne-like Ar laser
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
DSBs (1 time)
SSBs (1 time)
2015 Breaking DNA strands by extreme-ultraviolet laser pulses in vacuum.
55  carious-decayed-lost
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CPL (1 time)
2000 [A trial of performing dental caries prevention in preschoolers with fluoridated salt].
56  catheter directed thrombolytic therapy
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
VTE (1 time)
2020 The effect of catheter-directed thrombolytic use on readmission rates and in-hospital outcomes among cancer patients with venous thromboembolism in the United States.
57  catheter double lumen
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRBSI (1 time)
HD (1 time)
IDSA (1 time)
2018 Catheter-related Blood Stream Infection in a Patient with Hemodialysis.
58  cationic DVDMS-liposome
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
P. aeruginosa (1 time)
PACT (1 time)
2021 Tailoring the cationic lipid composition of lipo-DVDMS augments the phototherapy efficiency of burn infection.
59  caudal dorsolateral subdivision of periaqueductal grey
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DMH (1 time)
EECG (1 time)
1991 [The role of midbrain periaqueductal grey in the inhibition of central cardiac ischemia by somatic nerve and its mechanism in rabbits].
60  caudal epidural block
(1 time)
Pain
(1 time)
RSB (1 time)
SSI (1 time)
2017 Ultrasound-guided rectus sheath block, caudal analgesia, or surgical site infiltration for pediatric umbilical herniorrhaphy: a prospective, double-blinded, randomized comparison of three regional anesthetic techniques.
61  Centre for Occupational Stress and Harassment
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2006 Emerging aspects of psychosocial risks: violence and harassment at work.
62  Cereal Disease Laboratory
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
LSU (1 time)
QTL (1 time)
2014 Quantitative Trait Loci from Two Genotypes of Oat (Avena sativa) Conditioning Resistance to Puccinia coronata.
63  channel-dependent loss
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
FMF (1 time)
IL (1 time)
MDM (1 time)
2016 Mode-dependent characterization of photonic lanterns.
64  check-dam farmland
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FV (1 time)
2019 Estimating the Spatial Distribution of Soil Properties Using Environmental Variables at a Catchment Scale in the Loess Hilly Area, China.
65  check-dam land
(1 time)
Minerals
(1 time)
FL (1 time)
GL (1 time)
2020 Source identification of soil elements and risk assessment of trace elements under different land uses on the Loess Plateau, China.
66  chelating dendritic ligand
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CDL-QD (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
QD (1 time)
2010 A chelating dendritic ligand capped quantum dot: preparation, surface passivation, bioconjugation and specific DNA detection.
67  chemically defined lipids
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
LR-BSA (1 time)
1999 Continuous in vitro cultivation of Babesia caballi in serum-free medium.
68  Chemo disperser liquefaction
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DL (1 time)
2017 Energy-efficient methane production from macroalgal biomass through chemo disperser liquefaction.
69  Child Development Laboratory
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MU (1 time)
NSRL (1 time)
ToxPi (1 time)
2021 Health risk assessment of volatile organic compounds at daycare facilities.
70  chronic dermal leishmaniasis
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Regulatory T cells in the pathogenesis and healing of chronic human dermal leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania (Viannia) species.
71  chronic disease list
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
2017 Chronic disease list conditions in patients with rheumatoid arthritis in the private healthcare sector of South Africa.
72  Chuandali
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
PT2 (1 time)
2016 OsGRF4 controls grain shape, panicle length and seed shattering in rice.
73  cis-2-dichlorodiene lactone
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
2,4-DCP (1 time)
2,4-DP (1 time)
3,5-DCC (1 time)
2017 Rapid Biodegradation of the Herbicide 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid by Cupriavidus gilardii T-1.
74  citrin-deficient liver
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
MCT (1 time)
NAFLD (1 time)
2021 Citrin deficiency: Does the reactivation of liver aralar-1 come into play and promote HCC development?
75  Clinical Diagnostic Lab
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
UMMC (1 time)
WBCs (1 time)
2016 Toxoplasmosis in HIV and non HIV prisoners in Malaysia.
76  closed duodenal loop pancreatitis
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
EI (1 time)
RBC (1 time)
2004 Decreased red blood cells deformability in acute pancreatitis in the rat. Effect of tirilazad mesylate.
77  cloud data logging
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
CBO (1 time)
GS (1 time)
PFCMS (1 time)
2019 Power Factor Compensation Using Teaching Learning Based Optimization and Monitoring System by Cloud Data Logger.
78  cluster-detection-and-labeling
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
WTA (1 time)
2008 A new neural network for cluster-detection-and-labeling.
79  cm-2 double-layer capacitance
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2020 Mechanistic insights into carbon dioxide utilization by superoxide ion generated electrochemically in ionic liquid electrolyte.
80  colipase-dependent lipase
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BSDL (1 time)
PDI (1 time)
2000 Roles of molecular chaperones in pancreatic secretion and their involvement in intestinal absorption.
81  commercial driver licensing
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
CMVs (1 time)
TPAs (1 time)
2008 Procedures for transportation workplace drug and alcohol testing programs: state laws requiring drug and alcohol rule violation information. Interim final rule.
82  commercial driver's license holders
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Work-related injury factors and safety climate perception in truck drivers.
83  complement-mediated lysis
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ADCC (1 time)
DC (1 time)
mAbs (1 time)
2002 Cross-priming of cytotoxic T cells promoted by apoptosis-inducing tumor cell reactive antibodies?
84  complete deafferentation of the medial basal hypothalamus
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
PCD (1 time)
PS (1 time)
1983 The relationship between sleep circadian rhythm and central feedback mechanism of gonadal steroid in female guinea pigs.
85  Conditional dominant lethals
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2010 [Changes in the energy status of Drosophila as a result of genetic mutation].
86  conductance of the left ventricle
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CDR (1 time)
MLVP (1 time)
mPAP (1 time)
1994 Ventricle works as a converting organ of atrial blood flow: physiological significance of mean ventricular pressure.
87  conformation-dependent backbone-geometry library
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2011 A conformation-dependent stereochemical library improves crystallographic refinement even at atomic resolution.
88  connected domain-labeling
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
MDVI (1 time)
OTSU (1 time)
PLS (1 time)
2020 Real-Time Detection on SPAD Value of Potato Plant Using an In-Field Spectral Imaging Sensor System.
89  connecting/duodenal lobes
(1 time)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
DG (1 time)
MMPs (1 time)
QMS (1 time)
2016 Continuous Quadrupole Magnetic Separation of Islets during Digestion Improves Purified Porcine Islet Viability.
90  constrained dynamic loading
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ICA (1 time)
2017 The Combination of icariin and constrained dynamic loading stimulation attenuates bone loss in ovariectomy-induced osteoporotic mice.
91  Contemporary Dental Library
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
LSUSD (1 time)
2009 Dental students' attitudes towards digital textbooks.
92  Continuous dorsal laminectomy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2006 Intraoperative use of ultrasonography during continuous dorsal laminectomy in two dogs with caudal cervical vertebral instability and malformation ("Wobbler syndrome").
93  control diet+luteolin
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2014 Luteolin protects against high fat diet-induced cognitive deficits in obesity mice.
94  conventional biplanar distal locking
(1 time)
Bone Diseases
(1 time)
MDL (1 time)
2014 The influence of distal locking on the need for fibular plating in intramedullary nailing of distal metaphyseal tibiofibular fractures.
95  conventional discharge letters
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
PFDL (1 time)
2021 Design and preliminary evaluation of a newly designed patient-friendly discharge letter - a randomized, controlled participant-blind trial.
96  cooked dehulled lentil
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CWL (1 time)
RDL (1 time)
RWL (1 time)
2010 Effect of Dehulling and Cooking of Lentils (Lens Culinaris, L.)on Serum Glucose and Lipoprotein Levels in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats.
97  copy defeat laminate
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Microlens array structures designed to defeat automated photocopying of documents.
98  copying drawings with landmarks
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
LF/HF (1 time)
2009 Heart rate variability and drawing impairment in hypoxemic COPD.
99  corticoidea dorsolateralis
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
PDLNS (1 time)
PFC (1 time)
1999 Presumed 'prefrontal cortex' lesions in pigeons: effects on visual discrimination performance.
100  country development level
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
GNP (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2010 Determinants of oral cancer at the national level: just a question of smoking and alcohol drinking prevalence?