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Abbreviation: CDR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Clinical Dementia Rating
(872 times)
Neurology
(387 times)
AD (382 times)
MMSE (252 times)
MCI (125 times)
1987 Dementia and work load evaluation of the elderly.
complementarity-determining region
(616 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(220 times)
TCR (64 times)
mAb (33 times)
PCR (30 times)
1979 Structural evidence for a polymorphic or allelic form of the heavy chain variable region.
cup-to-disc ratio
(141 times)
Ophthalmology
(92 times)
IOP (38 times)
ONH (22 times)
POAG (22 times)
1976 Methodologic differences and measurement of cup-disc ratio: an epidemiologic assessment.
cancer detection rate
(95 times)
Radiology
(30 times)
PPV (18 times)
TB (17 times)
CI (9 times)
1983 [Studies on the appropriated interval of mass screening for cervical cancer].
clinical decision rule
(56 times)
Emergency Medicine
(15 times)
PE (16 times)
CI (11 times)
CT (6 times)
2000 Users' guides to the medical literature: XXII: how to use articles about clinical decision rules. Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group.
Cognitive Drug Research
(42 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
AD (4 times)
AAMI (2 times)
GBE (2 times)
1995 Evaluation of cycloserine in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
cervical disc replacement
(37 times)
Orthopedics
(16 times)
ACDF (17 times)
ROM (9 times)
QALYs (5 times)
2010 Analysis of segmental cervical spine vertebral motion after prodisc-C cervical disc replacement.
common deleted region
(25 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
MDS (7 times)
AML (6 times)
LOH (4 times)
1998 A detailed physical and transcriptional map of the region of chromosome 20 that is deleted in myeloproliferative disorders and refinement of the common deleted region.
Common Drug Review
(25 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CADTH (5 times)
pCODR (5 times)
PBAC (4 times)
2006 The Common Drug Review: a NICE start for Canada?
10  clinical data repository
(22 times)
Medical Informatics
(15 times)
EHR (4 times)
CDSS (2 times)
ADE (1 time)
1999 Evaluation of a data warehouse in an academic health sciences center.
11  Cause of Death Register
(18 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
NPR (5 times)
HDR (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2005 The validity of the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register and Causes of Death Register data on coronary heart disease.
12  child death review
(16 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
SA (2 times)
SUDI (2 times)
CPS (1 time)
2003 Child death review. The state of the nation.
13  collimator-detector response
(15 times)
Biophysics
(7 times)
SPECT (4 times)
OSEM (3 times)
DAT (2 times)
2006 Correction for scatter and septal penetration using convolution subtraction methods and model-based compensation in 123I brain SPECT imaging-a Monte Carlo study.
14  crude death rate
(15 times)
Epidemiology
(3 times)
CBR (3 times)
IDPs (3 times)
ADR (1 time)
1992 Nutrition situation in metropolitan Jakarta.
15  current density reconstruction
(14 times)
Brain
(3 times)
AV (2 times)
EEG (2 times)
SPs (2 times)
2000 Source reconstruction of mesial-temporal epileptiform activity: comparison of inverse techniques.
16  chemical-disease relation
(13 times)
Medical Informatics
(12 times)
CID (3 times)
DNER (3 times)
KBs (2 times)
2016 Assessing the state of the art in biomedical relation extraction: overview of the BioCreative V chemical-disease relation (CDR) task.
17  concentration-to-dose ratio
(13 times)
Drug Therapy
(6 times)
VPA (4 times)
CI (3 times)
AEDs (2 times)
2002 Factors influencing cyclosporine blood concentration-dose ratio.
18  calcium-dependent regulatory protein
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CDR-PDE (1 time)
cGMP (1 time)
PDE (1 time)
1978 Detection of calcium-dependent regulatory protein binding components using 125I-labeled calcium-dependent regulatory protein.
19  cell death rate
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ATP-CRA (3 times)
MMP (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
2005 Aluminum impairs rat neural cell mitochondria in vitro.
20  confluence dependent resistance
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
DXR (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
HIF-1 (1 time)
1990 Mechanisms of resistance of confluent human and rat colon cancer cells to anthracyclines: alteration of drug passive diffusion.
21  convection-diffusion reactor
(8 times)
Technology
(3 times)
EC (2 times)
AAAs (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2007 Multiscale model for pulmonary oxygen uptake and its application to quantify hypoxemia in hepatopulmonary syndrome.
22  cumulative drug release
(8 times)
Pharmacy
(3 times)
EE (2 times)
SLNs (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2011 Oral solid compritol 888 ATO nanosuspension of simvastatin: optimization and biodistribution studies.
23  cardiac defense response
(7 times)
Psychophysiology
(5 times)
ERD/ERS (2 times)
AH (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1989 Cognitive versus motivational significance of the cardiac response to intense auditory stimulation.
24  Computed Dental Radiography
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
APS (1 time)
PSP (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
1996 Technical report. Processing to achieve high-contrast images with computed dental radiography.
25  calcium-dependent regulator
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
MAPs (1 time)
MTs (1 time)
1976 Regulation of adenylate cyclase from glial tumor cells by calcium and a calcium-binding protein.
26  carbon dioxide removal
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
BEBCS (1 time)
BECCS (1 time)
EHR (1 time)
2012 Ocean acidification in a geoengineering context.
27  cumulative delivery rate
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
ICSI (2 times)
ART (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2013 Assisted reproduction using donor spermatozoa in women aged 40 and above: the high road or the low road?
28  cognitive dietary restraint
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
BMD (2 times)
DE (1 time)
EB (1 time)
2005 Cognitive dietary restraint is associated with stress fractures in women runners.
29  Cohen diabetic rat
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
CRDH (3 times)
SHR (3 times)
ACE (1 time)
1993 The Cohen diabetic (non-insulin-dependent) hypertensive rat model. Description of the model and pathologic findings.
30  Commission on Dietetic Registration
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
DTRs (3 times)
RDs (3 times)
CPE (1 time)
1986 Characteristics of support for mandatory licensure among respondents to a state-wide survey.
31  cell danger response
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
APT (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
APP (1 time)
2014 Metabolic features of the cell danger response.
32  clock and data recovery
(4 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
Bi-PON (1 time)
CMOS (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2005 Compact all-optical packet clock and data recovery circuit using generic integrated MZI switches.
33  complementarity-determining
(4 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
FR (4 times)
rhIFNbeta-1b (1 time)
ScFv (1 time)
1980 Evidence indicating independent assortment of framework and complementarity-determining segments of the variable regions of rabbit light chains. Delineation of a possible J minigene.
34  cup-to-disc area ratio
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
ONH (2 times)
VCDR (2 times)
AUCs (1 time)
2009 Assessment of cup-to-disc ratio with slit-lamp funduscopy, Heidelberg Retina Tomography II, and stereoscopic photos.
35  Caesarean delivery rate
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
AVR (1 time)
BPI (1 time)
BT (1 time)
2015 Trend in major neonatal and maternal morbidities accompanying the rise in the cesarean delivery rate.
36  candida drug resistance
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MDR (2 times)
C. albicans (1 time)
cDNA (1 time)
2010 Overexpression of CDR1 and CDR2 genes plays an important role in fluconazole resistance in Candida albicans with G487T and T916C mutations.
37  Central Denmark Region
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
CCS (1 time)
2011 Referral of paediatric patients follows geographic borders of administrative units.
38  cervical dorsal rhizotomy
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BDNF (1 time)
GDNF (1 time)
IHS (1 time)
2000 Cervical dorsal rhizotomy increases brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neurotrophin-3 expression in the ventral spinal cord.
39  Chagas' disease reactivation
(3 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
EMB (1 time)
HT (1 time)
kDNA (1 time)
2005 Mychophenolate mofetil increased chagas disease reactivation in heart transplanted patients: comparison between two different protocols.
40  circular dorsal ruffles
(3 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
RASM (1 time)
VSMC (1 time)
2011 Propagating cell-membrane waves driven by curved activators of actin polymerization.
41  cirrhosis dysbiosis ratio
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
HE (2 times)
ACLF (1 time)
CTP (1 time)
2014 Altered profile of human gut microbiome is associated with cirrhosis and its complications.
42  clock/data recovery
(3 times)
Electronics, Medical
(2 times)
BER (1 time)
BPSK (1 time)
GC-BCC (1 time)
2010 Jitter-free multi-layered nanoparticles optical storage disk with buffer ring.
43  color difference ratio
(3 times)
Obstetrics
(3 times)
TAPS (3 times)
Hb (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2016 Color Difference in Placentas with Twin Anemia-Polycythemia Sequence: An Additional Diagnostic Criterion?
44  Communicable Disease Report
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
CDSC (1 time)
ELR (1 time)
HL7 (1 time)
1994 Surveillance of influenza in the United Kingdom. Pandemic and interpandemic period.
45  connectivity-defined regions
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
ERc (2 times)
HC (2 times)
PHC (2 times)
2013 Delineation of motor and somatosensory thalamic subregions utilizing probabilistic diffusion tractography and electrophysiology.
46  constant dose rate
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
MUs (2 times)
VDR (2 times)
f-IMRT (1 time)
2009 Variable dose rate single-arc IMAT delivered with a constant dose rate and variable angular spacing.
47  crude death
(3 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
IMR (3 times)
CBR (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
2012 [Deaths in children during the early twentieth and twenty-first century in Boyaca, Colombia].
48  cutaneous drug reactions
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
ADR (1 time)
DDS-NOH (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
1992 Cutaneous drug reactions. An attempt to quantitative estimation.
49  Call Detail Records
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
AVP (1 time)
BTS (1 time)
2016 Sensing Urban Patterns with Antenna Mappings: The Case of Santiago, Chile.
50  callus diameter ratio
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DM (1 time)
HIAs (1 time)
2004 [Relationship between tibia callus diameter ratio and prognosis during tibia lengthening].
51  callus differentiating rate
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
CBR (2 times)
CRR (2 times)
GCR (2 times)
2017 A genetic study of the regeneration capacity of embryonic callus from the maize immature embryo culture.
52  carbon dioxide reduction
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1983 Carbon dioxide reduction factor and methanopterin, two coenzymes required for CO2 reduction to methane by extracts of Methanobacterium.
53  cartridge discharge residue
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
DPA (1 time)
FDR (1 time)
IMS (1 time)
1998 Cartridge discharge residue contamination--the search for the source.
54  catalytic dynamic resolution
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Highly enantioselective catalytic dynamic resolution of N-Boc-2-lithiopiperidine: synthesis of (R)-(+)-N-Boc-pipecolic acid, (S)-(-)-coniine, (S)-(+)-pelletierine, (+)-beta-conhydrine, and (S)-(-)-ropivacaine and formal synthesis of (-)-lasubine II and (+)-cermizine C.
55  central data repository
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CERTAIN (1 time)
EHR (1 time)
NLP (1 time)
2013 'What's in the NIDDK CDR?'--public query tools for the NIDDK central data repository.
56  Child Development Review
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
HMEs (1 time)
2001 Developmental screenings in rural settings: a comparison of the child development review and the Denver II Developmental Screening Test.
57  chlordecone reductase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
20 alpha-OH-P (1 time)
3 alpha-HSD (1 time)
eCG (1 time)
1990 Isolation and characterization of cloned cDNAs encoding human liver chlordecone reductase.
58  chronic disease registry
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
CRM (1 time)
DOR (1 time)
2008 Estimating chronic disease prevalence among the remote Aboriginal population of the Northern Territory using multiple data sources.
59  Clinical Dementia Rating Sum of Boxes
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
PRS (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2016 Future Dementia Severity is Almost Entirely Explained by the Latent Variable delta's Intercept and Slope.
60  Clinical Deterioration Rating
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
CGI (1 time)
DLA (1 time)
1999 [Risperidone in the treatment of psychotic, affective and behavioral symptoms associated to Alzheimer's disease].
61  community disaster resilience
(2 times)
Social Work
(1 time)
BIC (1 time)
CINAHL (1 time)
IPCR (1 time)
2015 Community disaster resilience: a systematic review on assessment models and tools.
62  comparative drug resistance
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
ADR (1 time)
AML (1 time)
ART (1 time)
2000 Contrasting in vitro effects for the combination of fludarabine, cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (FLAG) compared with daunorubicin and Ara-C in P-glycoprotein-positive and P-glycoprotein-negative acute myeloblastic leukaemia.
63  compound discrimination reversal
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
ATSET (1 time)
IDR (1 time)
2014 Exposure to mission relevant doses of 1 GeV/Nucleon (56)Fe particles leads to impairment of attentional set-shifting performance in socially mature rats.
64  Computational Drug Repositioning
(2 times)
EHRs (2 times)
FBG (2 times)
BR (1 time)
2016 Computational Drug Repositioning Using Continuous Self-Controlled Case Series.
65  conditioned defensive reflex
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ECS (1 time)
SSCP (1 time)
1979 [Effect of anodal polarization of several subcortical structures on the spatial synchronization of cortical potentials during elaboration of a defensive conditioned reflex in rabbits].
66  constitutive disease resistance
(2 times)
Plants, Genetically Modified
(1 time)
HLB (2 times)
ACP (1 time)
CaLas (1 time)
2015 Comprehensive meta-analysis, co-expression, and miRNA nested network analysis identifies gene candidates in citrus against Huanglongbing disease.
67  continuous duration recording
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
IOA (1 time)
MTS (1 time)
PIR (1 time)
2011 A comparison of reliability measures for continuous and discontinuous recording methods: inflated agreement scores with partial interval recording and momentary time sampling for duration events.
68  corm dormancy release
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
ABA (1 time)
CK (1 time)
CKs (1 time)
2018 GhNAC83 inhibits corm dormancy release by regulating ABA signaling and CK biosynthesis in Gladiolus hybridus.
69  correct discrimination ratio
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BDA (1 time)
CDRs (1 time)
db7 (1 time)
2012 [Fluorescence discrimination technique for phytoplankton based on the wavelet analysis].
70  cortical diffusion restriction
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
DWI (1 time)
HE (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2008 Differential diagnosis of restricted diffusion confined to the cerebral cortex.
71  cyanide detoxification rates
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2017 Lower sulfurtransferase detoxification rates of cyanide in konzo-A tropical spastic paralysis linked to cassava cyanogenic poisoning.
72  cyclic draining and replenishing
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MIC (1 time)
PDA (1 time)
2017 Gradient Coating of Polydopamine via CDR.
73  iCTC drug resistance
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
EOC (1 time)
iCTCs (1 time)
2017 iCTC drug resistance (CDR) Testing ex vivo for evaluation of available therapies to treat patients with epithelial ovarian cancer.
74  1-C metabolism biomarkers and cognition over 3
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
RBC folate (1 time)
SMMSE (1 time)
tHcy (1 time)
2017 One-Carbon Metabolism Biomarkers and Cognitive Decline in the Very Old: The Newcastle 85+ Study.
75  alpha-Cyclodextrin was modified with octa-arginine
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CPP (1 time)
2015 Cell penetrating peptide-based polyplexes shelled with polysaccharide to improve stability and gene transfection.
76  C. difficile recurrence
(1 time)
Hospitals, Community
(1 time)
CDI (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2015 A prediction model for Clostridium difficile recurrence.
77  cafedrine
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AKR (1 time)
EDR (1 time)
PROP (1 time)
2006 Akrinor-induced relaxation of pig coronary artery in vitro is transformed into alpha1-adrenoreceptor-mediated contraction by pretreatment with propranolol.
78  calcium demineralization rate
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 In vitro inhibition of bovine enamel demineralization by enamel matrix derivative.
79  calcium depletion rates
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
KHV (1 time)
TP (1 time)
2004 [Effect of tea polyphenol on the demineralization and remineralization of enamel in vitro].
80  calcium-dependent, regulator protein calmodulin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1979 The regulation of cell proliferation by calcium and cyclic AMP.
81  call detail record
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2018 Using cell phone location to assess misclassification errors in air pollution exposure estimation.
82  callus diameter ratio in two planes
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 1998 The diameter of callus in leg lengthening: 28 tibial lengthenings in 14 patients with achondroplasia.
83  Canadian Drug Review
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BSC (1 time)
2008 The challenge of conducting pharmacoeconomic evaluations in oncology using crossover trials: the example of sunitinib for gastrointestinal stromal tumour.
84  canal-diaphysis ratio
(1 time)
Orthopedic Procedures
(1 time)
DXA (1 time)
NOF (1 time)
2017 Canal to diaphysis ratio as a risk factor for hip fractures and hip fracture pattern.
85  cancer detection
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
PCa (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2019 Transperineal Prostate Biopsies Using Local Anesthesia: Experience in 1,287 Patients. Prostate Cancer Detection Rate, Complications and Patient Tolerability.
86  cancer dyspnoea relief
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2018 Efficacy of immediate-release oxycodone for dyspnoea in cancer patient: cancer dyspnoea relief (CDR) trial.
87  capsule drug ring
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
CBA (1 time)
2013 Design and in vitro biocompatibility of a novel ocular drug delivery device.
88  carbapenem dosing regimens
(1 time)
Infection
(1 time)
BSI (1 time)
CFR (1 time)
DOR (1 time)
2018 Integrated pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modeling to evaluate empiric carbapenem therapy in bloodstream infections.
89  carbon decomposition rate
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CCD (1 time)
CTMI (1 time)
TVS (1 time)
2008 High-rate composting of barley dregs with sewage sludge in a pilot scale bioreactor.
90  carbon dioxide reforming of methane
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FT (1 time)
GHG (1 time)
GTL (1 time)
2010 Efficient utilization of greenhouse gas in a gas-to-liquids process combined with carbon dioxide reforming of methane.
91  carious, decayed, removed teeth
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1995 [The demand for dental care among persons of older age groups].
92  carried out using an ANSI type phantom and the TOR
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1994 Image quality and patient dose for different screen-film combinations.
93  catabolite derepression
(1 time)
Amino Acids
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
Cyt1 (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2013 Metabolic fate of the increased yeast amino Acid uptake subsequent to catabolite derepression.
94  Cd distribution ratio
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
NPTs (1 time)
2017 Cadmium adsorption, chelation and compartmentalization limit root-to-shoot translocation of cadmium in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
95  CD in remission
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ATIs (1 time)
CD (1 time)
IFX (1 time)
2019 Serum Levels of Infliximab and Anti-Infliximab Antibodies in Brazilian Patients with Crohn's Disease.
96  CDR ratio
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CCT (1 time)
PSD (1 time)
2013 The Heidelberg retina tomograph ancillary study to the European glaucoma prevention study: study design and baseline factors.
97  cell disruption rate
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CCD (1 time)
DCW (1 time)
HBsAg (1 time)
2012 Enhanced cell disruption strategy in the release of recombinant hepatitis B surface antigen from Pichia pastoris using response surface methodology.
98  cell receptor Vbeta8.3-complementarity-determining region
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
Ab (1 time)
U1RNP (1 time)
2009 Vaccination with autoreactive CD4(+)Th1 clones in lupus-prone MRL/Mp-Fas(lpr/lpr) mice.
99  Cellulose derivative resin
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
CN (1 time)
ETAAS (1 time)
2004 An enrichment method of molybdenum on a cellulose nitrate resin for the determination by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry coupled with the resin suspension injection.
100  Center for Disability Resources
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2006 Using geographic information systems to identify prospective marketing areas for a special library.