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Abbreviation: CDs
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Long forms: 207

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cyclodextrins
(762 times)
Chemistry
(233 times)
HP-beta-CD (79 times)
beta-CD (50 times)
CE (45 times)
1988 Use of cyclodextrins in isotachophoresis. VI. Cyclodextrins as leading electrolyte additives for the separation of bile acids.
carbon dots
(564 times)
Chemistry
(150 times)
PL (34 times)
TEM (23 times)
FRET (22 times)
2011 Highly selective detection of phosphate in very complicated matrixes with an off-on fluorescent probe of europium-adjusted carbon dots.
Carbon dots
(131 times)
Nanotechnology
(36 times)
PL (15 times)
QY (8 times)
PDT (5 times)
2013 Carbon-dots derived from nanodiamond: photoluminescence tunable nanoparticles for cell imaging.
carbon nanodots
(46 times)
Nanotechnology
(14 times)
PL (6 times)
BPEI (2 times)
N-CDs (2 times)
2012 Highly luminescent carbon nanodots by microwave-assisted pyrolysis.
gamma-cyclodextrins
(45 times)
Chemistry
(20 times)
AC (2 times)
CZE (2 times)
1H-NMR (1 time)
1992 Specific inhibition by cyclodextrins of raw starch digestion by fungal glucoamylase.
complete dentures
(37 times)
Dentistry
(30 times)
OHRQoL (10 times)
RPDs (4 times)
IODs (3 times)
2001 Evaluation of denture stomatitis in Croatian adult population.
collecting ducts
(30 times)
Nephrology
(19 times)
ATLs (9 times)
AVR (7 times)
DTLs (6 times)
1996 Vimentin expression and distal tubular damage in the rat kidney.
beta-cyclodextrins
(27 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
CA (2 times)
ICT (2 times)
ISEs (2 times)
1990 Binding studies of ions with cyclodextrins using ion-selective electrodes.
cesarean deliveries
(27 times)
Obstetrics
(13 times)
CI (2 times)
AOR (1 time)
APGAR (1 time)
2003 Unusual late complications after two previous cesarean deliveries: a case report.
10  conjugated dienes
(27 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
MDA (9 times)
SOD (6 times)
TBARS (5 times)
1989 Thienamycin nephrotoxicity. Mitochondrial injury and oxidative effects of imipenem in the rabbit kidney.
11  compact discs
(24 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
DVDs (3 times)
DICOM (2 times)
PC (2 times)
1995 Use of double labeling and photo CD for morphometric analysis of injured skeletal muscle.
12  corneal dystrophies
(22 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
TGFBI (8 times)
ACD (5 times)
LCD (4 times)
2001 Corneal dystrophies in Japan.
13  carbon quantum dots
(21 times)
Nanotechnology
(5 times)
PL (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AAS (1 time)
2013 A novel one-pot route for large-scale preparation of highly photoluminescent carbon quantum dots powders.
14  chronic diseases
(18 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
COPD (2 times)
NWAHS (2 times)
QOL (2 times)
2009 An intersectoral network for chronic disease prevention: the case of the Alberta healthy living network.
15  clerkship directors
(18 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
CDIM (2 times)
EM (2 times)
AAN (1 time)
2001 The responsibilities and activities of internal medicine clerkship directors.
16  communicable diseases
(15 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
NCDs (12 times)
COD (3 times)
TB (3 times)
2011 Projections of global health outcomes from 2005 to 2060 using the International Futures integrated forecasting model.
17  Cohen diabetic sensitive
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
HSD (6 times)
RD (4 times)
CAT (3 times)
2001 The newly inbred cohen diabetic rat: a nonobese normolipidemic genetic model of diet-induced type 2 diabetes expressing sex differences.
18  cyclodextrin derivatives
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
HP-beta-CD (3 times)
ASP (1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
1998 Stereoselective determination of S-naproxen in tablets by capillary electrophoresis.
19  catalytic domains
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CBMs (2 times)
BMCC (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2003 Binding and reversibility of Thermobifida fusca Cel5A, Cel6B, and Cel48A and their respective catalytic domains to bacterial microcrystalline cellulose.
20  circular dichroisms
(7 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
CEs (4 times)
CT (2 times)
ACs (1 time)
2006 Effect of phosphatidylcholine vesicle size on chirality induction and chiral discrimination.
21  Cortical dysplasias
(7 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
ECoG (2 times)
BCNU (1 time)
CREB (1 time)
2002 Surgical pathology of drug-resistant partial epilepsy. A 10-year-experience with a series of 327 consecutive resections.
22  alpha-cyclodextrins
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PEG (3 times)
AAS (1 time)
APRXs (1 time)
2013 Cellular internalization and gene silencing of siRNA polyplexes by cytocleavable cationic polyrotaxanes with tailored rigid backbones.
23  candidate drugs
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
FTIM (3 times)
ADRs (1 time)
AEs (1 time)
2002 Safety pharmacology--a progressive approach.
24  cardiac deaths
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
SPECT (3 times)
SDS (2 times)
BA (1 time)
1999 Incremental prognostic value of rest-redistribution (201)Tl single-photon emission computed tomography.
25  conduct disorders
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
ADHD (1 time)
ASB (1 time)
ASPD (1 time)
1997 Clinical efficacy of methylphenidate in conduct disorder with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
26  conventional dentures
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
IODs (4 times)
ISODs (1 time)
OHRQoL (1 time)
2007 How do patients perceive the benefit of reconstructive dentistry with regard to oral health-related quality of life and patient satisfaction? A systematic review.
27  cytoplasmic domains
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
BAK1 (1 time)
BoBAK1-CD (1 time)
1995 Direct binding of F actin to the cytoplasmic domain of the alpha 2 integrin chain in vitro.
28  carbon based dots
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PL (2 times)
Arg (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2015 Sensing applications of luminescent carbon based dots.
29  cardiac diseases
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
UFH (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2006 Synthesis of collagen I in collagenous sprue.
30  catheter-days
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CCABSIs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CLABSI (1 time)
2013 Itemizing the bundle: achieving and maintaining "zero" central line-associated bloodstream infection for over a year in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia.
31  clinical directorates
(5 times)
Health Services
(3 times)
HSMs (1 time)
INHS (1 time)
2004 A survey of staff attitudes and comparative managerial and non-managerial views in a clinical directorate.
32  Collection Districts
(5 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
Aus-ALL (1 time)
BLLs (1 time)
NSW (1 time)
2010 A lower than expected adult Victorian community attack rate for pandemic (H1N1) 2009.
33  controlled drugs
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CPs (1 time)
NPA (1 time)
PPWH (1 time)
1996 Cost of administering controlled drugs in a hospice ward.
34  critical dimensions
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CAR (1 time)
EM (1 time)
LER (1 time)
2000 Generalizability of the clinical dimensions of the Addiction Severity Index to nonopioid-dependent patients.
35  cytotoxic drugs
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DESI (1 time)
ONS (1 time)
OSHA (1 time)
1986 OSHA work-practice guidelines for personnel dealing with cytotoxic (antineoplastic) drugs. Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
36  cardiovascular diseases
(4 times)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
CI (2 times)
RDs (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
2007 Towards triple vasopeptidase inhibitors for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.
37  chromatin domains
(4 times)
Biology
(3 times)
CF (1 time)
CT-IC (1 time)
DSBs (1 time)
2010 Functional nuclear organization of transcription and DNA replication: a topographical marriage between chromatin domains and the interchromatin compartment.
38  clusters of differentiation
(4 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
CNS (1 time)
STP (1 time)
2012 GlycoCD: a repository for carbohydrate-related CD antigens.
39  cognitive disorders
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
ACL (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2011 Genetic and epigenetic networks in intellectual disabilities.
40  cardiac disorders
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AIS (2 times)
AHNDs (1 time)
ASCs (1 time)
2011 Arterial ischemic stroke risk factors: the International Pediatric Stroke Study.
41  census divisions
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CMAs (1 time)
MS (1 time)
1990 Population estimates for small areas in Canada.
42  chromodomains
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
cpSRP (2 times)
2005 Three-dimensional solution structures of the chromodomains of cpSRP43.
43  circulatory diseases
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
CHD (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
PSC (1 time)
2015 [Identification of circulatory diseases and their risk during medical examination of an adult population: methodological aspects].
44  communication disorders
(3 times)
Speech Disorders
(3 times)
ASD (1 time)
EDs (1 time)
ID (1 time)
2007 Communication disorders: prevalence and comorbid intellectual disability, autism, and emotional/behavioral disorders.
45  conduction defects
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CABG (3 times)
1998 Significance of coronary artery bypass grafting-associated conduction defects.
46  conduction disorders
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
PPM (2 times)
TAVI (2 times)
AV (1 time)
2004 Influence of conduction disturbances on clinical outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction receiving thrombolysis (results from the ARGAMI-2 study).
47  congenital disorders
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
SA (3 times)
Child PIP (1 time)
MGEP (1 time)
2016 Review of the 2015 Guidelines for Maternity Care with relevance to congenital disorders.
48  corneodesmosomes
(3 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
SC (3 times)
BW (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2005 Netherton syndrome: report of two Taiwanese siblings with staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome and mutation of SPINK5.
49  cost differences
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
IRRs (2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
HRU (1 time)
2010 Economic burden associated with the use of generic antiepileptic drugs in the United States.
50  cumulative doses
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
DAPs (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
1998 Endometrial polyps: a comparison study of patients receiving tamoxifen with two control groups.
51  current densities
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
a-tDCS (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
ECR (1 time)
2004 Influence of electrical parameters in the iontophoretic delivery of a small peptide: in vitro studies using arginine-vasopressin as a model peptide.
52  cyclic dipeptides
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
GdnHCl (2 times)
TMAO (2 times)
ILs (1 time)
2007 Thermodynamic characterization of the osmolyte effect on protein stability and the effect of GdnHCl on the protein denatured state.
53  cyclomaltodextrins
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
TMG (1 time)
TVA II (1 time)
2000 Structure, specificity and function of cyclomaltodextrinase, a multispecific enzyme of the alpha-amylase family.
54  cadaver donors
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMT (1 time)
LRDs (1 time)
LSCT (1 time)
1983 The treatment of end-stage renal disease at the Johannesburg Hospital: a 17-year experience. Part II. The role of transplantation.
55  Calcified deposits
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
FTIR-RM (1 time)
MD (1 time)
1995 Physicochemical characterization of natural and bioprosthetic heart valve calcific deposits: implications for prevention.
56  Carbonaceous dots
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
PEG-CDs (1 time)
2015 Polyethylene glycol modification decreases the cardiac toxicity of carbonaceous dots in mouse and zebrafish models.
57  carbonaceous nanodots
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MCDs (1 time)
PEG-CDs (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2014 Fluorescent carbonaceous nanodots for noninvasive glioma imaging after angiopep-2 decoration.
58  charge densities
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
SS (1 time)
2010 The effect of environmental and process parameters on flocculation treatment of high dry matter swine manure with polymers.
59  chemotherapy drugs
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
AMPs (1 time)
ES (1 time)
MAAs (1 time)
2000 Cellular effects of cancer chemotherapy administration.
60  chromatic dispersions
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
AAH (1 time)
ADTP (1 time)
APD (1 time)
2016 52 Gbps PAM4 receiver sensitivity study for 400GBase-LR8 system using directly modulated laser.
61  clinically depressed
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
NDs (2 times)
PDs (2 times)
CVLT (1 time)
2010 Stability of dysfunctional attitudes and early maladaptive schemas: a 9-year follow-up study of clinically depressed subjects.
62  closure devices
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
MC (2 times)
ELECT (1 time)
PCI (1 time)
2004 Triple antiplatelet therapy does not increase femoral access bleeding with vascular closure devices.
63  cluster determinants
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PKC (1 time)
1989 Towards a better definition of human leucocyte surface molecules.
64  codons
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
DHPLC (1 time)
PE (1 time)
1997 Hb Lepore-Baltimore (delta 68Leu-beta 84Thr) and Hb Lepore-Washington-Boston (delta 87Gln-beta IVS-II-8) in central Portugal and Spanish Alta Extremadura.
65  coefficients of divergence
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EC (1 time)
OC (1 time)
2014 Concentration and composition variations of metals in the outdoor PM10 of elementary schools during river dust episodes.
66  cognitive dimensions
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Cognitive dimensions of talim: evaluating weaving notation through cognitive dimensions (CDs) framework.
67  coherence domains
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
QFT (1 time)
2009 Cellular ELF signals as a possible tool in informative medicine.
68  columnar defects
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
YBCO (1 time)
2007 Dynamic and thermodynamic properties of porous vortex matter in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8) in an oblique magnetic field.
69  confidence distributions
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2014 Efficient network meta-analysis: a confidence distribution approach.
70  conserved domains
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PSRPK (1 time)
SRPK (1 time)
2009 A novel Physarum polycephalum SR protein kinase specifically phosphorylates the RS domain of the human SR protein, ASF/SF2.
71  control designs
(2 times)
Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
FSRs (1 time)
2010 Novel calcium sulfate space-making devices for bone regeneration: a pilot study.
72  control diets
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
KDs (1 time)
ThrDev (1 time)
2018 Testicular MTHFR deficiency may explain sperm DNA hypomethylation associated with high dose folic acid supplementation.
73  conventional drills
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ISP (1 time)
LS (1 time)
ODs (1 time)
2018 Piezoelectric versus conventional implant site preparation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
74  critical diagnoses
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ADASP (1 time)
CVs (1 time)
2008 A multi-institutional survey of critical diagnoses (critical values) in surgical pathology and cytology.
75  Cysteine desulfurases
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
cat (2 times)
PLP (2 times)
2-ME (1 time)
2004 Mechanism of cysteine desulfurase Slr0387 from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803: kinetic analysis of cleavage of the persulfide intermediate by chemical reductants.
76  cytoplasmic droplets
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
LDs (1 time)
2015 Modification of sperm morphology during long-term sperm storage in the reproductive tract of the Chinese soft-shelled turtle, Pelodiscus sinensis.
77  2,3-diacetylated-6-sulfated-cyclodextrins
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2019 Determination of binding constants of multiple charged cyclodextrin complexes by ACE using uncorrected and ionic strength corrected actual mobilities of the species involved.
78  2,6-di-O-methyl-beta-cyclodextrins
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Caging effects on the ground and excited states of 2,2'-bipyridine-3,3'-diol embedded in cyclodextrins.
79  6-O-benzoyl-beta-cyclodextrins
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ee (1 time)
2008 Enantiodifferentiating photoisomerization of cyclooctene included and sensitized by aroyl-beta-cyclodextrins: a critical enantioselectivity control by substituents.
80  Bio-carbon dots
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2016 Sensitive fluorescence detection of mercury(ii) in aqueous solution by the fluorescence quenching effect of MoS2 with DNA functionalized carbon dots.
81  blue-colored fluorescence carbon nanodots
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
QDs (1 time)
2015 Visualizing gaseous nitrogen dioxide by ratiometric fluorescence of carbon nanodots-quantum dots hybrid.
82  BZL-cyclodextrins
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BZL (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2013 Effects of benznidazole:cyclodextrin complexes on the drug bioavailability upon oral administration to rats.
83  cadaveric donors
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
HLA (1 time)
IgAN (1 time)
LDs (1 time)
2006 Recurrence of IgA nephropathy among renal allograft recipients from living donors is greater among those with zero HLA mismatches.
84  Calcium deposits
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
CX (1 time)
US (1 time)
2014 Preoperative planning of calcium deposit removal in calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff - possible contribution of computed tomography, ultrasound and conventional X-Ray.
85  camper days
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
2012 Camp health center usage at a Scout jamboree.
86  cannabis dependent subjects
(1 time)
CB1R (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
HRRT (1 time)
2016 Rapid Changes in CB1 Receptor Availability in Cannabis Dependent Males after Abstinence from Cannabis.
87  capsular drop lesions
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
FC (1 time)
FMs (1 time)
HA (1 time)
1994 Insudative lesions--their pathogenesis and association with glomerular obsolescence in diabetes: a dynamic hypothesis based on single views of advancing human diabetic nephropathy.
88  carbogenic dots
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Synthesis of photoluminescent carbogenic dots using mesoporous silica spheres as nanoreactors.
89  Carbon deficiencies
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
FAMEs (1 time)
FID (1 time)
2004 Determination of the carbon deficiency in the flame ionization detector response of long-chain fatty acid methyl esters and dicarboxylic acid dimethyl esters.
90  carbon densities
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
2016 Spatial distribution and variability of carbon storage in different sympodial bamboo species in China.
91  cardiometablic disorders
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
FPG (1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
2016 [Change in the prevalence of obesity phenotypes and cardiometabolic disorders among children aged 6- 17 in Beijing during 2004- 2013].
92  cardiotonic drugs
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
OP (1 time)
1991 Cardiotonic drugs inhibit purified mammalian acetylcholinesterase.
93  carotenoid droplets
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1989 Protein phosphorylation and the two stages of pigment organelle dispersion in permeabilized xanthophores: organelle protein phosphorylation alone supports only the first stage.
94  Cartilage defects
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
FBS (1 time)
GFs (1 time)
MSC (1 time)
2013 Basic science and clinical application of platelet-rich plasma forcartilage defects and osteoarthritis: a review.
95  case definitions
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
GA (1 time)
GAIA (1 time)
2019 Immunization in pregnancy safety surveillance in low and middle-income countries- field performance and validation of novel case definitions.
96  cathinone derivatives
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
MDMA (1 time)
2013 Presence and composition of cathinone derivatives in drug samples taken from a drug test service in Spain (2010-2012).
97  CDs suggested that cyclodextrins
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
CM-beta-CD (1 time)
HP-beta-CD (1 time)
2003 Study on inclusion interaction of piroxicam with beta-cyclodextrin derivatives.
98  Cecal duplications
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2013 Different clinical presentations, diagnostic difficulties, and management of cecal duplication.
99  cell densities
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
IVCM (1 time)
PCV (1 time)
PPCD (1 time)
2016 In vivo confocal microscopic observations of eyes diagnosed with posterior corneal vesicles.
100  cell differentiation antigens
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
DN (1 time)
DP (1 time)
mTECs (1 time)
2006 Promiscuous gene expression in the thymus: the root of central tolerance.