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Abbreviation: CDs
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Long forms: 249

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
carbon dots
(1199 times)
Chemistry
(281 times)
PL (76 times)
QY (55 times)
FRET (40 times)
2011 Highly selective detection of phosphate in very complicated matrixes with an off-on fluorescent probe of europium-adjusted carbon dots.
cyclodextrins
(905 times)
Chemistry
(266 times)
HP-beta-CD (89 times)
beta-CD (56 times)
CE (48 times)
1988 Use of cyclodextrins in isotachophoresis. VI. Cyclodextrins as leading electrolyte additives for the separation of bile acids.
carbon nanodots
(71 times)
Chemistry
(18 times)
PL (7 times)
N-CDs (3 times)
NIR (3 times)
2012 Highly luminescent carbon nanodots by microwave-assisted pyrolysis.
complete dentures
(56 times)
Dentistry
(46 times)
OHRQoL (14 times)
CAD-CAM (6 times)
RPDs (5 times)
2002 Evaluation of denture stomatitis in Croatian adult population.
gamma-cyclodextrins
(49 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
AC (2 times)
CZE (2 times)
DSC (2 times)
1992 Specific inhibition by cyclodextrins of raw starch digestion by fungal glucoamylase.
carbon quantum dots
(36 times)
Nanotechnology
(8 times)
PL (6 times)
XPS (3 times)
HRTEM (2 times)
2013 A novel one-pot route for large-scale preparation of highly photoluminescent carbon quantum dots powders.
collecting ducts
(32 times)
Nephrology
(21 times)
ATLs (9 times)
AVR (7 times)
DTLs (6 times)
1996 Vimentin expression and distal tubular damage in the rat kidney.
conjugated dienes
(31 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
MDA (9 times)
SOD (6 times)
TBARS (6 times)
1989 Thienamycin nephrotoxicity. Mitochondrial injury and oxidative effects of imipenem in the rabbit kidney.
cesarean deliveries
(30 times)
Obstetrics
(15 times)
CDMR (2 times)
CI (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
2003 Unusual late complications after two previous cesarean deliveries: a case report.
10  beta-cyclodextrins
(29 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
CA (2 times)
ICT (2 times)
ISEs (2 times)
1990 Binding studies of ions with cyclodextrins using ion-selective electrodes.
11  compact discs
(26 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
DVDs (5 times)
PC (3 times)
DICOM (2 times)
1995 Use of double labeling and photo CD for morphometric analysis of injured skeletal muscle.
12  chronic diseases
(23 times)
Public Health
(9 times)
COPD (3 times)
MDRs (2 times)
NWAHS (2 times)
2011 Chronic disease knowledge and its determinants among chronically ill adults in rural areas of Shanxi Province in China: a cross-sectional study.
13  communicable diseases
(22 times)
Public Health
(8 times)
NCDs (18 times)
COD (3 times)
TB (3 times)
2011 Projections of global health outcomes from 2005 to 2060 using the International Futures integrated forecasting model.
14  clerkship directors
(21 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
CDIM (3 times)
EM (3 times)
ACE (2 times)
2001 The responsibilities and activities of internal medicine clerkship directors.
15  corneal dystrophies
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
TGFBI (8 times)
ACD (5 times)
LCD (4 times)
2001 Corneal dystrophies in Japan.
16  catalytic domains
(11 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
CBMs (3 times)
BMCC (1 time)
CAZy (1 time)
2003 Binding and reversibility of Thermobifida fusca Cel5A, Cel6B, and Cel48A and their respective catalytic domains to bacterial microcrystalline cellulose.
17  Cohen diabetic sensitive
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
HSD (6 times)
RD (4 times)
CAT (3 times)
2001 The newly inbred cohen diabetic rat: a nonobese normolipidemic genetic model of diet-induced type 2 diabetes expressing sex differences.
18  cyclodextrin derivatives
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
HP-beta-CD (3 times)
ASP (1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
1999 Stereoselective determination of S-naproxen in tablets by capillary electrophoresis.
19  alpha-cyclodextrins
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PEG (3 times)
DMAE (2 times)
LPEI (2 times)
2013 Cellular internalization and gene silencing of siRNA polyplexes by cytocleavable cationic polyrotaxanes with tailored rigid backbones.
20  carbon-based dots
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PL (2 times)
Arg (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2015 Sensing applications of luminescent carbon based dots.
21  circular dichroisms
(7 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
CEs (4 times)
CT (2 times)
ACs (1 time)
2006 Effect of phosphatidylcholine vesicle size on chirality induction and chiral discrimination.
22  clusters of differentiation
(7 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
BM (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CSCs (1 time)
2012 GlycoCD: a repository for carbohydrate-related CD antigens.
23  controlled drugs
(7 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
ADC (1 time)
CPs (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
1996 Cost of administering controlled drugs in a hospice ward.
24  conventional dentures
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
IODs (5 times)
OHRQoL (2 times)
CBAs (1 time)
2007 How do patients perceive the benefit of reconstructive dentistry with regard to oral health-related quality of life and patient satisfaction? A systematic review.
25  Corneal dystrophies
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
CD (1 time)
FAS (1 time)
TGFBI (1 time)
2009 Clinical and genetic features of TGFBI-linked corneal dystrophies in Mexican population: description of novel mutations and novel genotype-phenotype correlations.
26  Cortical dysplasias
(7 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
ECoG (2 times)
BCNU (1 time)
CREB (1 time)
2002 Surgical pathology of drug-resistant partial epilepsy. A 10-year-experience with a series of 327 consecutive resections.
27  critical dimensions
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BCPs (1 time)
CAR (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
2000 Generalizability of the clinical dimensions of the Addiction Severity Index to nonopioid-dependent patients.
28  cytoplasmic domains
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
BAK1 (1 time)
BoBAK1-CD (1 time)
1995 Direct binding of F actin to the cytoplasmic domain of the alpha 2 integrin chain in vitro.
29  candidate drugs
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
FTIM (3 times)
ADRs (1 time)
AEs (1 time)
2002 Safety pharmacology--a progressive approach.
30  cardiac deaths
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
SPECT (3 times)
SDS (2 times)
BA (1 time)
1999 Incremental prognostic value of rest-redistribution (201)Tl single-photon emission computed tomography.
31  catheter-days
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
PICC (2 times)
AML (1 time)
CCABSIs (1 time)
2013 Itemizing the bundle: achieving and maintaining "zero" central line-associated bloodstream infection for over a year in a tertiary care hospital in Saudi Arabia.
32  chromatin domains
(6 times)
Biology
(4 times)
CF (1 time)
CT-IC (1 time)
DSBs (1 time)
2011 Functional nuclear organization of transcription and DNA replication: a topographical marriage between chromatin domains and the interchromatin compartment.
33  clinical directorates
(6 times)
Health Services
(3 times)
HSMs (1 time)
INHS (1 time)
LHA (1 time)
2004 A survey of staff attitudes and comparative managerial and non-managerial views in a clinical directorate.
34  conduct disorders
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
ADHD (1 time)
ASB (1 time)
ASPD (1 time)
1997 Clinical efficacy of methylphenidate in conduct disorder with and without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
35  cytotoxic drugs
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DESI (1 time)
ONS (1 time)
OSHA (1 time)
1986 OSHA work-practice guidelines for personnel dealing with cytotoxic (antineoplastic) drugs. Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
36  cardiovascular diseases
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
RDs (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
2007 Towards triple vasopeptidase inhibitors for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.
37  chemotherapy drugs
(5 times)
Membranes
(2 times)
MD (2 times)
TCC (2 times)
vdW (2 times)
2000 Cellular effects of cancer chemotherapy administration.
38  Chronic diseases
(5 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
CINAHL (1 time)
KM (1 time)
2009 An intersectoral network for chronic disease prevention: the case of the Alberta healthy living network.
39  Collection Districts
(5 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
Aus-ALL (1 time)
BLLs (1 time)
NSW (1 time)
2010 A lower than expected adult Victorian community attack rate for pandemic (H1N1) 2009.
40  conduction disorders
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
PPM (3 times)
TAVI (2 times)
AV (1 time)
2003 Influence of conduction disturbances on clinical outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction receiving thrombolysis (results from the ARGAMI-2 study).
41  cardiac diseases
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
UFH (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2015 Incidence and predictors of cardiac catheterisation-related arterial thrombosis in children.
42  census divisions
(4 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CMAs (1 time)
CSDs (1 time)
CTs (1 time)
1990 Population estimates for small areas in Canada.
43  cognitive disorders
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
ACL (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2011 Genetic and epigenetic networks in intellectual disabilities.
44  cognitive distortions
(4 times)
Environmental Exposure
(2 times)
ASBs (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
IBs (1 time)
2008 Association of cognitive distortions with problem and pathological gambling in adult male twins.
45  congenital disorders
(4 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
SA (4 times)
Child PIP (1 time)
EDH (1 time)
2016 Review of the 2015 Guidelines for Maternity Care with relevance to congenital disorders.
46  corneodesmosomes
(4 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
SC (4 times)
BW (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2005 Netherton syndrome: report of two Taiwanese siblings with staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome and mutation of SPINK5.
47  cumulative doses
(4 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
DAPs (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
1998 Endometrial polyps: a comparison study of patients receiving tamoxifen with two control groups.
48  cardiac disorders
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AIS (2 times)
AHNDs (1 time)
ASCs (1 time)
2011 Arterial ischemic stroke risk factors: the International Pediatric Stroke Study.
49  charge densities
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CAPB (1 time)
MWs (1 time)
SLES (1 time)
2010 The effect of environmental and process parameters on flocculation treatment of high dry matter swine manure with polymers.
50  chromodomains
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
cpSRP (2 times)
2005 Three-dimensional solution structures of the chromodomains of cpSRP43.
51  circulatory diseases
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
CHD (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
PSC (1 time)
2015 [Identification of circulatory diseases and their risk during medical examination of an adult population: methodological aspects].
52  communication disorders
(3 times)
Speech Disorders
(3 times)
ASD (1 time)
EDs (1 time)
ID (1 time)
2007 Communication disorders: prevalence and comorbid intellectual disability, autism, and emotional/behavioral disorders.
53  conduction defects
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CABG (3 times)
1998 Significance of coronary artery bypass grafting-associated conduction defects.
54  confidence distributions
(3 times)
Statistics as Topic
(2 times)
--- 2014 Efficient network meta-analysis: a confidence distribution approach.
55  control diets
(3 times)
Food
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
BM (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2018 Testicular MTHFR deficiency may explain sperm DNA hypomethylation associated with high dose folic acid supplementation.
56  cost differences
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
IRRs (2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
HRU (1 time)
2010 Economic burden associated with the use of generic antiepileptic drugs in the United States.
57  current densities
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
a-tDCS (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
ECR (1 time)
2004 Influence of electrical parameters in the iontophoretic delivery of a small peptide: in vitro studies using arginine-vasopressin as a model peptide.
58  cyclic dipeptides
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
GdnHCl (2 times)
TMAO (2 times)
ILs (1 time)
2007 Thermodynamic characterization of the osmolyte effect on protein stability and the effect of GdnHCl on the protein denatured state.
59  cyclomaltodextrins
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
TMG (1 time)
TVA II (1 time)
2000 Structure, specificity and function of cyclomaltodextrinase, a multispecific enzyme of the alpha-amylase family.
60  cytoplasmic droplets
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
LDs (1 time)
THI (1 time)
2015 Modification of sperm morphology during long-term sperm storage in the reproductive tract of the Chinese soft-shelled turtle, Pelodiscus sinensis.
61  cadaver donors
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMT (1 time)
LRDs (1 time)
LSCT (1 time)
1983 The treatment of end-stage renal disease at the Johannesburg Hospital: a 17-year experience. Part II. The role of transplantation.
62  calcific deposits
(2 times)
Arthritis
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
FTIR-RM (1 time)
MD (1 time)
1995 Physicochemical characterization of natural and bioprosthetic heart valve calcific deposits: implications for prevention.
63  Carbonaceous dots
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
PEG-CDs (1 time)
2015 Polyethylene glycol modification decreases the cardiac toxicity of carbonaceous dots in mouse and zebrafish models.
64  carbonaceous nanodots
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MCDs (1 time)
PEG-CDs (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2014 Fluorescent carbonaceous nanodots for noninvasive glioma imaging after angiopep-2 decoration.
65  celiac diseases
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
GAD (1 time)
MMPs (1 time)
2006 Synthesis of collagen I in collagenous sprue.
66  cells labeled with Carbon nanodots
(2 times)
Spectrometry, Fluorescence
(2 times)
EF (2 times)
SEF (1 time)
2017 Strong Surface Enhanced Florescence of Carbon Dot Labeled Bacteria Cells Observed with High Contrast on Gold Film.
67  chromatic dispersions
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
AAH (1 time)
ADTP (1 time)
APD (1 time)
2016 52 Gbps PAM4 receiver sensitivity study for 400GBase-LR8 system using directly modulated laser.
68  clinically depressed
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
NDs (2 times)
PDs (2 times)
CVLT (1 time)
2010 Stability of dysfunctional attitudes and early maladaptive schemas: a 9-year follow-up study of clinically depressed subjects.
69  closure devices
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
MC (2 times)
ELECT (1 time)
PCI (1 time)
2003 Triple antiplatelet therapy does not increase femoral access bleeding with vascular closure devices.
70  cluster determinants
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
PKC (1 time)
1989 Towards a better definition of human leucocyte surface molecules.
71  cocaine-dependent individuals
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
HCs (2 times)
CCQ (1 time)
FAD (1 time)
2020 Interpersonal Risk Factors for Suicide in Cocaine Dependence: Association with Self-Esteem, Personality Traits, and Childhood Abuse.
72  codons
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
DHPLC (1 time)
PE (1 time)
1997 Hb Lepore-Baltimore (delta 68Leu-beta 84Thr) and Hb Lepore-Washington-Boston (delta 87Gln-beta IVS-II-8) in central Portugal and Spanish Alta Extremadura.
73  coefficients of divergence
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EC (1 time)
OC (1 time)
2014 Concentration and composition variations of metals in the outdoor PM10 of elementary schools during river dust episodes.
74  cognitive dimensions
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Cognitive dimensions of talim: evaluating weaving notation through cognitive dimensions (CDs) framework.
75  cognitive disabilities
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
OPHN1 (1 time)
2013 Lack of the presynaptic RhoGAP protein oligophrenin1 leads to cognitive disabilities through dysregulation of the cAMP/PKA signalling pathway.
76  coherence domains
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
QED (1 time)
QFT (1 time)
2009 Cellular ELF signals as a possible tool in informative medicine.
77  columnar defects
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
YBCO (1 time)
2007 Dynamic and thermodynamic properties of porous vortex matter in Bi(2)Sr(2)CaCu(2)O(8) in an oblique magnetic field.
78  commercial drivers
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
HSAT (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
2021 Visual assessment of commercial drivers in the South West Region of Cameroon.
79  conditional distributions
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
CA1 (1 time)
CTS (1 time)
1999 Primary CA1 and conditionally immortal MHP36 cell grafts restore conditional discrimination learning and recall in marmosets after excitotoxic lesions of the hippocampal CA1 field.
80  conduction disturbances
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
LCP (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
PPMI (1 time)
2020 Late onset of new conduction disturbances requiring permanent pacemaker implantation following TAVI.
81  conserved domains
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PSRPK (1 time)
SRPK (1 time)
2009 A novel Physarum polycephalum SR protein kinase specifically phosphorylates the RS domain of the human SR protein, ASF/SF2.
82  constitutional descriptors
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2008 Structure-activity correlations for illicit amphetamines using ANN and constitutional descriptors.
83  control designs
(2 times)
Endoscopes
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
FSRs (1 time)
2010 Novel calcium sulfate space-making devices for bone regeneration: a pilot study.
84  conventional drills
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ISP (1 time)
LS (1 time)
ODs (1 time)
2017 Piezoelectric versus conventional implant site preparation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
85  critical diagnoses
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
ADASP (1 time)
CVs (1 time)
2008 A multi-institutional survey of critical diagnoses (critical values) in surgical pathology and cytology.
86  Cysteine desulfurases
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
cat (2 times)
PLP (2 times)
2-ME (1 time)
2004 Mechanism of cysteine desulfurase Slr0387 from Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803: kinetic analysis of cleavage of the persulfide intermediate by chemical reductants.
87  MFC-carbon dots
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
MFC (1 time)
2016 Sensitive fluorescence detection of mercury(ii) in aqueous solution by the fluorescence quenching effect of MoS2 with DNA functionalized carbon dots.
88  2,3-diacetylated-6-sulfated-cyclodextrins
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2019 Determination of binding constants of multiple charged cyclodextrin complexes by ACE using uncorrected and ionic strength corrected actual mobilities of the species involved.
89  2,6-di-O-methyl-beta-cyclodextrins
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Caging effects on the ground and excited states of 2,2'-bipyridine-3,3'-diol embedded in cyclodextrins.
90  6-O-benzoyl-beta-cyclodextrins
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ee (1 time)
2008 Enantiodifferentiating photoisomerization of cyclooctene included and sensitized by aroyl-beta-cyclodextrins: a critical enantioselectivity control by substituents.
91  blue-colored fluorescence carbon nanodots
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
QDs (1 time)
2015 Visualizing gaseous nitrogen dioxide by ratiometric fluorescence of carbon nanodots-quantum dots hybrid.
92  BZL-cyclodextrins
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BZL (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2013 Effects of benznidazole:cyclodextrin complexes on the drug bioavailability upon oral administration to rats.
93  cadaveric donors
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
HLA (1 time)
IgAN (1 time)
LDs (1 time)
2006 Recurrence of IgA nephropathy among renal allograft recipients from living donors is greater among those with zero HLA mismatches.
94  Calcium deposits
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
CX (1 time)
US (1 time)
2014 Preoperative planning of calcium deposit removal in calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff - possible contribution of computed tomography, ultrasound and conventional X-Ray.
95  camper days
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
2012 Camp health center usage at a Scout jamboree.
96  cannabis dependent subjects
(1 time)
CB1R (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
HRRT (1 time)
2016 Rapid Changes in CB1 Receptor Availability in Cannabis Dependent Males after Abstinence from Cannabis.
97  capacitive dividers
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
MV (1 time)
2021 Modeling Capacitive Low-Power Voltage Transformer Behavior over Temperature and Frequency.
98  capsular drop lesions
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
FC (1 time)
FMs (1 time)
HA (1 time)
1994 Insudative lesions--their pathogenesis and association with glomerular obsolescence in diabetes: a dynamic hypothesis based on single views of advancing human diabetic nephropathy.
99  carbogenic dots
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Synthesis of photoluminescent carbogenic dots using mesoporous silica spheres as nanoreactors.
100  Carbon deficiencies
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
FAMEs (1 time)
FID (1 time)
2004 Determination of the carbon deficiency in the flame ionization detector response of long-chain fatty acid methyl esters and dicarboxylic acid dimethyl esters.