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Abbreviation: CE
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
capillary electrophoresis
(3994 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2520 times)
HPLC (273 times)
MS (201 times)
LIF (185 times)
1990 Theoretical evaluation of capillary electrophoresis performance.
cholesteryl ester
(1126 times)
Biochemistry
(432 times)
TG (272 times)
HDL (205 times)
LDL (172 times)
1968 Influence of sex and gonadal hormones on lipid metabolism in essential fatty acid-deficient rats.
cystic echinococcosis
(806 times)
Parasitology
(272 times)
AE (116 times)
ELISA (40 times)
IHA (26 times)
1994 Immunoglobulin G subclass responses in human cystic and alveolar echinococcosis.
capsule endoscopy
(677 times)
Gastroenterology
(405 times)
OGIB (109 times)
CD (92 times)
DBE (81 times)
0 Multiple neuroendocrine tumor of the small bowel: acase report and areview of literature.
contrast-enhanced
(494 times)
Radiology
(163 times)
MRI (80 times)
MRA (71 times)
CT (36 times)
1990 Intrapulmonary vascular dilatations (IPVD) in liver transplant candidates. Screening by two-dimensional contrast-enhanced echocardiography.
continuing education
(337 times)
Education
(122 times)
CPD (15 times)
AVA (9 times)
PHT (7 times)
1981 A model for planning continuing education for impact.
Coulombic efficiency
(209 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(58 times)
MFC (38 times)
MFCs (21 times)
COD (12 times)
1981 Culture conditions for a human lymphoma cell line (Raji) and their application to mutation research.
cost-effectiveness
(201 times)
Health Services
(21 times)
QALY (28 times)
QALYs (22 times)
ICER (18 times)
1979 Cost-benefit analysis: a research tool for evaluating innovative health programs.
carboxylation efficiency
(172 times)
Hematology
(40 times)
Pn (23 times)
AQY (16 times)
WUE (12 times)
1976 Genotypic variation in carboxylation of tomatoes.
10  counter electrode
(166 times)
Chemistry
(51 times)
DSSCs (63 times)
PCE (42 times)
DSSC (22 times)
1979 Plasma development in the accelerator of a 2-kJ focus discharge.
11  contrast enhancement
(143 times)
Radiology
(50 times)
CT (20 times)
MRI (17 times)
CNR (11 times)
1981 [Studies on contrast enhancement in gynecologic pelvic computed tomography (author's transl)].
12  cardioembolism
(126 times)
Neurology
(52 times)
LAA (52 times)
SVO (19 times)
NIHSS (15 times)
1984 [Cerebral embolism. A neurologist's point of view].
13  center-edge
(118 times)
Orthopedics
(83 times)
DDH (23 times)
AI (12 times)
OA (12 times)
1980 Protrusio acetabuli in Marfan's syndrome.
14  carotid endarterectomy
(110 times)
General Surgery
(50 times)
ICA (18 times)
NASCET (6 times)
CABG (5 times)
1982 Concomitant carotid and coronary artery reconstruction.
15  crude extract
(105 times)
Pharmacology
(23 times)
EAF (8 times)
ES (6 times)
MPO (6 times)
1976 The effect of a bacterial extract on synovial cells in tissue culture.
16  corneal endothelial
(95 times)
Ophthalmology
(51 times)
FECD (9 times)
VIP (8 times)
CECs (7 times)
1985 [Immunochemical approach to the identification of specific markers of the corneal epithelium in Rana temporaria].
17  carboxylesterase
(90 times)
Pharmacology
(20 times)
AChE (10 times)
ChE (8 times)
GST (6 times)
1975 The influence of phenobarbitone on maternal and perinatal hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes in the rat.
18  convergent extension
(88 times)
Embryology
(32 times)
PCP (40 times)
Dvl (8 times)
NTDs (5 times)
2002 Zebrafish Rho kinase 2 acts downstream of Wnt11 to mediate cell polarity and effective convergence and extension movements.
19  conjugated estrogens
(84 times)
Gynecology
(28 times)
BZA (36 times)
MPA (20 times)
TSEC (16 times)
1975 The effects of antiepileptic drugs on estrogen-induced electrographic spike-wave discharge.
20  clinical examination
(73 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
US (16 times)
PD (7 times)
CLL (6 times)
1985 Diaphanography in breast carcinoma. Correlation with clinical examination, mammography, cytology and histology.
21  chick embryo
(69 times)
Virology
(49 times)
NDV (5 times)
IFN (4 times)
CAM (3 times)
1970 Interferon production and inhibition of host synthesis in cells infected with vesicular stomatitis virus.
22  constant error
(67 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
VE (24 times)
AE (22 times)
TE (20 times)
1974 The effect of interpolated motor activity on the short-term retention of movement distance and end-location.
23  chronic endometritis
(63 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(29 times)
RIF (13 times)
RPL (5 times)
IHC (3 times)
1992 [The processes of mono-, bi- and polysubstrate digestion in chronic enteritis].
24  cocaethylene
(63 times)
Toxicology
(20 times)
COC (49 times)
BE (21 times)
EME (19 times)
1994 Hemodynamic and cerebral blood flow effects of cocaine, cocaethylene and benzoylecgonine in conscious and anesthetized fetal lambs.
25  competitive exclusion
(62 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(34 times)
CFU (4 times)
ST (4 times)
SE (3 times)
1988 Effect of anticoccidial and antimicrobial feed additives on prevention of Salmonella colonization of chicks treated with anaerobic cultures of chicken feces.
26  Conformite Europeenne
(61 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
FDA (11 times)
IVD (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1999 Equipment standards: history, litigation, and advice.
27  cell envelope
(60 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
SPRR (6 times)
TGase (6 times)
CP (3 times)
1974 Protein fraction with immunogenic potential and low toxicity isolated from the cell wall of Neisseria meningitidis group B.
28  cycle ergometer
(58 times)
Sports Medicine
(22 times)
TM (19 times)
HR (11 times)
TR (10 times)
1982 Evaluation of a maximal predictive cycle ergometer test of aerobic power.
29  converting enzyme
(53 times)
Pharmacology
(27 times)
RAS (12 times)
Ang II (9 times)
Ang I (8 times)
1976 Substrate binding properties of converting enzyme using a series of p-nitrophenylalanyl derivatives of angiotensin I.
30  current efficiency
(53 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(16 times)
EQE (27 times)
PE (18 times)
OLEDs (9 times)
2000 Anodic destruction of 4-chlorophenol solution.
31  clinically evaluable
(52 times)
Drug Therapy
(20 times)
CI (19 times)
mITT (16 times)
TOC (15 times)
1997 Ofloxacin otic solution for treatment of otitis externa in children and adults.
32  Carpentier-Edwards
(49 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
BS (5 times)
SVD (5 times)
AVR (4 times)
1981 Hemodynamic evaluation of Hancock and Carpentier-Edwards bioprostheses.
33  ciliary epithelium
(48 times)
Ophthalmology
(28 times)
RPE (6 times)
CB (5 times)
NPE (5 times)
1987 Electrical parameters of the isolated monkey ciliary epithelium and effects of pharmacological agents.
34  chronic enteropathy
(47 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(37 times)
IBD (12 times)
FRE (6 times)
CIBDAI (5 times)
2005 Cytokine expression in an ex vivo culture system of duodenal samples from dogs with chronic enteropathies: modulation by probiotic bacteria.
35  contrast echocardiography
(46 times)
Cardiology
(28 times)
LV (17 times)
EF (4 times)
PFO (4 times)
1985 Diagnosis of tricuspid regurgitation. Sensitivity of Doppler ultrasound compared with contrast echocardiography.
36  chromoendoscopy
(45 times)
Gastroenterology
(37 times)
NBI (14 times)
WLE (12 times)
UC (7 times)
2003 Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis.
37  community engagement
(45 times)
Public Health
(13 times)
CBPR (4 times)
AHCs (3 times)
CEnR (3 times)
2011 Development of a framework for effective community engagement in Ontario, Canada.
38  cerebellum
(44 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
BS (7 times)
CX (7 times)
SC (6 times)
1985 Changes in the levels of neural cell specific proteins in the developing rat brain.
39  coronary endarterectomy
(42 times)
General Surgery
(25 times)
CABG (25 times)
LAD (11 times)
MI (6 times)
1998 Coronary endarterectomy revisited: mid-term angiographic results.
40  cerebral edema
(41 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
DKA (18 times)
ALF (5 times)
CI (3 times)
1995 Simultaneous acute cerebral and pulmonary edema complicating diabetic ketoacidosis.
41  conventional extraction
(41 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
UAE (7 times)
MAE (4 times)
MMS (3 times)
1990 Computer-assisted self-control of diabetes by adolescents.
42  cardiac events
(39 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
LVEF (7 times)
MPI (7 times)
CAD (5 times)
1991 [Prognostic significance of scintigraphic silent myocardial ischemia detected by stress thallium scan in patients with recent myocardial infarction].
43  central
(39 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
BL (13 times)
LA (11 times)
Me (9 times)
1984 Studies on gustatory responses of amygdaloid neurons in rats.
44  cornified envelope
(39 times)
Dermatology
(13 times)
SC (7 times)
SPRR (4 times)
CLE (3 times)
1987 Effect of retinoic acid on cornified envelope formation: difference between spontaneous envelope formation in vivo or in vitro and expression of envelope competence.
45  catechin equivalents
(38 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
GAE (15 times)
TE (6 times)
DPPH (5 times)
1999 The effect of ascorbic acid supplementation on the nicotine metabolism of smokers.
46  catechol estrogens
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
COMT (10 times)
2-MeOE (4 times)
LPh (4 times)
1986 Effect of continuous intraventricular estrogen or catechol estrogen treatment on catecholamine turnover in various brain regions.
47  central executive
(38 times)
Psychology
(22 times)
WM (28 times)
PL (10 times)
ADHD (9 times)
1999 Regional brain activity during tasks devoted to the central executive of working memory.
48  collision energy
(38 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(22 times)
MRM (9 times)
ESI (7 times)
CID (6 times)
2001 Tuning compounds for electrospray ionization/in-source collision-induced dissociation and mass spectra library searching.
49  carbohydrate esterase
(35 times)
Biotechnology
(12 times)
GH (9 times)
CBM (5 times)
GT (5 times)
2003 Regioselective deacetylation of cellulose acetates by acetyl xylan esterases of different CE-families.
50  cataract extraction
(34 times)
Ophthalmology
(27 times)
IOP (6 times)
IOL (5 times)
CI (3 times)
1998 Trabeculectomy function after cataract extraction.
51  carboplatin and etoposide
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
OS (6 times)
HD (4 times)
SCLC (4 times)
1992 Cardiac tamponade resulting from recurrent small-cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix temporarily responding to CE/CAV chemotherapy: report of a case.
52  cloacal exstrophy
(30 times)
Pediatrics
(19 times)
BE (5 times)
CBE (5 times)
EEC (5 times)
2001 Surgical treatment of cloacal anomalies.
53  chloroform extract
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
ME (7 times)
EE (5 times)
HE (4 times)
1995 Comparison of four alternative radiochemical purity testing methods for 99Tcm-sestamibi.
54  California encephalitis
(28 times)
Tropical Medicine
(12 times)
LAC (4 times)
CAL (3 times)
SSH (3 times)
1973 California arbovirus (La Crosse) infections. II. Precipitin antibody tests for the diagnosis of California encephalitis.
55  contrast enema
(28 times)
Pediatrics
(15 times)
HD (9 times)
ARM (4 times)
RSB (4 times)
1987 Perforated colorectal neoplasms: correlation of clinical, contrast enema, and CT examinations.
56  cognitive enhancement
(27 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
ADHD (1 time)
AMPH (1 time)
AQ (1 time)
2004 Use of cognitive enhancement medication in persons with Alzheimer disease who have a family caregiver: results from the Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH) project.
57  cellulose
(26 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
CH (3 times)
DM (3 times)
LAB (3 times)
1986 Comparison of the effect of cell wall and hull fiber from canola and soybean on the bioavailability for rats of minerals, protein and lipid.
58  choice experiment
(25 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
WTP (12 times)
CV (3 times)
RPL (2 times)
2004 A comparison of stated preference methods for estimating monetary values.
59  contractile element
(25 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
SEE (7 times)
SE (6 times)
MTC (3 times)
1973 A three-dimensional analytical (rheological) model of the human left ventricle in passive-active states. Nontraumatic determination of the in vivo values of the rheological parameters.
60  cross effect
(25 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
DNP (22 times)
SE (10 times)
MAS (8 times)
2004 Analysis of survival data with cross-effects of survival functions.
61  cell equivalents
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
qPCR (4 times)
FISH (2 times)
FV (2 times)
1992 Determination of flavin contents in neutrophils by a sensitive chemiluminescence assay: evidence for no translocation of flavoproteins from the cytosol to the membrane upon cell stimulation.
62  cholesterol
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
LDL (10 times)
TG (9 times)
HDL (7 times)
1980 Cholesterol esterification of mechanically-induced aortic lesions in normolipemic pigs.
63  cholinesterase
(23 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
AP (5 times)
CA (5 times)
LDH (4 times)
1976 [Effect of polychlorocamphene on the organs and their neural apparatus in pregnant animals].
64  cinnamon extract
(23 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
IR (4 times)
CA (3 times)
GLUT4 (3 times)
2004 Cinnamon extract prevents the insulin resistance induced by a high-fructose diet.
65  clinical endometritis
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
SE (8 times)
BHB (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2007 Rectal temperature, calving-related factors, and the incidence of puerperal metritis in postpartum dairy cows.
66  Combinatorial Extension
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
PDB (6 times)
FAST (2 times)
MaxCMO (2 times)
1998 Protein structure alignment by incremental combinatorial extension (CE) of the optimal path.
67  concept elicitation
(23 times)
Patient Reported Outcome Measures
(7 times)
PRO (9 times)
CD (7 times)
CI (3 times)
2011 Content validation of two SF-36 subscales for use in type 2 diabetes and non-dialysis chronic kidney disease-related anemia.
68  continuous exercise
(23 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
HIIE (7 times)
IE (7 times)
HR (4 times)
2000 Ozone dose-response effects of varied equivalent minute ventilation rates.
69  carbohydrate-electrolyte
(22 times)
Sports Medicine
(15 times)
BW (2 times)
CHO (2 times)
BM (1 time)
1989 Fluid replacement during and after exercise in the heat.
70  contrast material-enhanced
(22 times)
Radiology
(19 times)
MR (12 times)
CT (4 times)
US (4 times)
2008 Renal artery stenosis evaluation: diagnostic performance of gadobenate dimeglumine-enhanced MR angiography--comparison with DSA.
71  coronary events
(22 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CVD (5 times)
HR (5 times)
CI (3 times)
1985 The significance of ST and T changes for the development of coronary events in patients with acute coronary chest pain, treated in a coronary care unit without verified acute myocardial infarction.
72  cardioembolic stroke
(21 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
IS (7 times)
LAA (4 times)
LVD (3 times)
2004 Blood pressure course in acute ischaemic stroke in relation to stroke subtype.
73  coefficient of error
(21 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CV (5 times)
AD (1 time)
BnHEPs (1 time)
1988 Glomerular structural quantities in baseline biopsies from cadaveric donor kidney pairs.
74  contrast extravasation
(20 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
CT (14 times)
ICH (3 times)
TAE (3 times)
2007 Significance of contrast extravasation in patients with pelvic fracture.
75  calving ease
(19 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
BW (3 times)
MGS (3 times)
CS (2 times)
1986 The effect of positive assortative mating on genetic parameters in a simulated beef cattle population.
76  cell extract
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
CM (3 times)
DCs (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1971 Biological characteristics of Clostridium perfringens type A enterotoxin.
77  chicken erythrocytes
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
CT (3 times)
HC (3 times)
ADCC (2 times)
1977 Differences in pyrogen production by mononuclear phagocytes and by fibroblasts or HeLa cells.
78  closed eyes
(19 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
OE (16 times)
COP (5 times)
CER (2 times)
1991 [Use of the head shaking test in the posturographic diagnosis].
79  cathepsin E
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
CD (3 times)
CHO (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
1993 Isolation and biochemical characterization of procathepsin E from human erythrocyte membranes.
80  cation exchange
(18 times)
Nanotechnology
(8 times)
NCs (4 times)
HNCs (2 times)
NPLs (2 times)
2007 Identification of insect-selective and mammal-selective toxins from Parabuthus leiosoma venom.
81  cauda equina
(18 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
EAN (6 times)
CES (3 times)
CM (2 times)
1988 Responsiveness to P2 of blood- and cauda equina-derived lymphocytes in experimental allergic neuritis in the Lewis rat: preliminary characterisation of a P2-specific cauda equina-derived T cell line.
82  Cellobiose 2-epimerase
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
AGE (2 times)
Man-Glc (2 times)
MD (2 times)
2008 Enzymatic properties of cellobiose 2-epimerase from Ruminococcus albus and the synthesis of rare oligosaccharides by the enzyme.
83  Central Europe
(18 times)
Epidemiology
(5 times)
LA (3 times)
OR (3 times)
WE (3 times)
1998 Trends in cigarette sales and lung cancer mortality in four central European countries.
84  chest expansion
(18 times)
Rheumatology
(7 times)
AS (8 times)
FVC (3 times)
ICC (3 times)
1991 Are measurements of chest expansion and peak expiratory flow rate worthwhile in assessing candidates for life assurance?
85  cold exposure
(18 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
BAT (3 times)
Ta (3 times)
DNL (2 times)
1975 Inhibition of thermal tachypnoea in rabbits following exposure to cold and water deprivation.
86  cardiovascular events
(17 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
BP (4 times)
HR (4 times)
CAD (2 times)
2001 [Cardiovascular morbidity and its relationship to left ventricular hypertrophy in a cohort of hypertensive patients: the Gotic study].
87  capture efficiency
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
IMS (3 times)
ADP (1 time)
avg (1 time)
1998 Platelet aggregation in flow: differential roles for adhesive receptors and ligands.
88  coil embolization
(16 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
SC (4 times)
EVAR (3 times)
UIA (3 times)
2000 Prospective analysis of aneurysm treatment in a series of 103 consecutive patients when endovascular embolization is considered the first option.
89  constant estrous
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
PD (3 times)
CD (2 times)
PP (2 times)
1978 Patterns of sex steroid and gonadotropin secretion in aging female rats.
90  corticospinal excitability
(16 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
TMS (4 times)
MEP (3 times)
FDI (2 times)
2010 Paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation during preparation for simple and choice reaction time tasks.
91  Certifying Examination
(15 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
ABS (8 times)
QE (7 times)
ABSITE (2 times)
2010 The public mock oral: a useful tool for examinees and the audience in preparation for the American Board of Surgery Certifying Examination.
92  clinical engineering
(15 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
BME (1 time)
DRGs (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
1985 Clinical engineering as an academic discipline.
93  centrifugal elutriation
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
DC (2 times)
ADCC (1 time)
APC (1 time)
1979 Application of flow cytometry and cell sorting to megakaryocytopoiesis.
94  chemoembolization
(14 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
HCC (3 times)
OS (2 times)
PFS (2 times)
1992 [Chemoembolization in the therapy of hepatocarcinoma. A 3-year experience].
95  cluster expansion
(14 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
DFT (4 times)
MC (2 times)
ASE (1 time)
2004 Reliable first-principles alloy thermodynamics via truncated cluster expansions.
96  carrier-envelope
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
AOPDF (1 time)
RMS (1 time)
2004 Measurement of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses by use of asymmetric photoionization.
97  cellular extract
(13 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CM (3 times)
CF (2 times)
EC (2 times)
1990 Comparison of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with dot immunobinding assay for detection of antibodies against Pasteurella multocida in turkeys.
98  Cepharanthin
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
LPS (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
ADM (1 time)
1990 Accelerated recovery from gamma-irradiation-induced leukopenia in mice by the biscoclaurine alkaloid, Cepharanthin--comparison with recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor.
99  circular economy
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
CAC (1 time)
Cli (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2009 Implementing China's circular economy concept at the regional level: a review of progress in Dalian, China.
100  comparative effectiveness
(13 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ARR (1 time)
BE (1 time)
CDP (1 time)
2010 Characteristics of published comparative effectiveness studies of medications.