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Abbreviation: CE
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
capillary electrophoresis
(4247 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2642 times)
HPLC (306 times)
MS (224 times)
LIF (196 times)
1990 Theoretical evaluation of capillary electrophoresis performance.
cholesteryl ester
(1204 times)
Biochemistry
(446 times)
TG (285 times)
HDL (212 times)
LDL (173 times)
1968 Influence of sex and gonadal hormones on lipid metabolism in essential fatty acid-deficient rats.
cystic echinococcosis
(1027 times)
Parasitology
(328 times)
AE (136 times)
ELISA (46 times)
s.l (38 times)
1994 Immunoglobulin G subclass responses in human cystic and alveolar echinococcosis.
capsule endoscopy
(771 times)
Gastroenterology
(440 times)
OGIB (113 times)
CD (111 times)
DBE (86 times)
2002 The first prospective controlled trial comparing wireless capsule endoscopy with push enteroscopy in chronic gastrointestinal bleeding.
contrast-enhanced
(602 times)
Radiology
(192 times)
MRI (97 times)
MRA (73 times)
CT (44 times)
1990 Intrapulmonary vascular dilatations (IPVD) in liver transplant candidates. Screening by two-dimensional contrast-enhanced echocardiography.
continuing education
(372 times)
Education
(128 times)
CPD (19 times)
AVA (11 times)
AS (7 times)
1981 A model for planning continuing education for impact.
Coulombic efficiency
(289 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(84 times)
MFC (40 times)
SEI (24 times)
MFCs (23 times)
1981 Culture conditions for a human lymphoma cell line (Raji) and their application to mutation research.
cost-effectiveness
(230 times)
Health Services
(27 times)
QALY (32 times)
QALYs (25 times)
ICER (24 times)
1979 Cost-benefit analysis: a research tool for evaluating innovative health programs.
carboxylation efficiency
(199 times)
Hematology
(46 times)
Pn (24 times)
AQY (17 times)
Ci (12 times)
1976 Genotypic variation in carboxylation of tomatoes.
10  counter electrode
(186 times)
Chemistry
(57 times)
DSSCs (71 times)
PCE (48 times)
DSSC (23 times)
1979 Plasma development in the accelerator of a 2-kJ focus discharge.
11  contrast enhancement
(161 times)
Radiology
(54 times)
CT (25 times)
MRI (20 times)
CNR (11 times)
1981 [Studies on contrast enhancement in gynecologic pelvic computed tomography (author's transl)].
12  cardioembolism
(160 times)
Neurology
(57 times)
LAA (72 times)
SVO (24 times)
NIHSS (21 times)
1984 [Cerebral embolism. A neurologist's point of view].
13  center-edge
(137 times)
Orthopedics
(91 times)
DDH (28 times)
OA (16 times)
AI (13 times)
1980 Protrusio acetabuli in Marfan's syndrome.
14  crude extract
(128 times)
Pharmacology
(25 times)
EAF (10 times)
MPO (9 times)
ADA (7 times)
1976 The effect of a bacterial extract on synovial cells in tissue culture.
15  carotid endarterectomy
(111 times)
General Surgery
(51 times)
ICA (18 times)
CABG (6 times)
NASCET (6 times)
1982 Concomitant carotid and coronary artery reconstruction.
16  corneal endothelium
(110 times)
Ophthalmology
(57 times)
CECs (12 times)
FECD (9 times)
VIP (8 times)
1985 [Immunochemical approach to the identification of specific markers of the corneal epithelium in Rana temporaria].
17  carboxylesterase
(102 times)
Toxicology
(22 times)
AChE (12 times)
ChE (9 times)
GST (8 times)
1975 The influence of phenobarbitone on maternal and perinatal hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes in the rat.
18  chronic endometritis
(95 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(42 times)
RIF (15 times)
IHC (6 times)
CI (5 times)
1992 [The processes of mono-, bi- and polysubstrate digestion in chronic enteritis].
19  convergent extension
(93 times)
Embryology
(33 times)
PCP (41 times)
Dvl (8 times)
NTDs (5 times)
2002 Zebrafish Rho kinase 2 acts downstream of Wnt11 to mediate cell polarity and effective convergence and extension movements.
20  conjugated estrogens
(88 times)
Gynecology
(28 times)
BZA (37 times)
MPA (20 times)
TSEC (16 times)
1975 The effects of antiepileptic drugs on estrogen-induced electrographic spike-wave discharge.
21  constant error
(79 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
VE (28 times)
AE (26 times)
TE (23 times)
1974 The effect of interpolated motor activity on the short-term retention of movement distance and end-location.
22  clinical examination
(78 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
US (17 times)
PD (7 times)
CLL (6 times)
1985 Diaphanography in breast carcinoma. Correlation with clinical examination, mammography, cytology and histology.
23  Conformite Europeenne
(75 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
FDA (15 times)
IVD (6 times)
CT (3 times)
1999 Equipment standards: history, litigation, and advice.
24  circular economy
(73 times)
Environmental Health
(49 times)
SDGs (5 times)
LCA (3 times)
SD (3 times)
2008 Implementing China's circular economy concept at the regional level: a review of progress in Dalian, China.
25  current efficiency
(72 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(21 times)
EQE (38 times)
PE (23 times)
OLEDs (13 times)
2000 Anodic destruction of 4-chlorophenol solution.
26  chick embryo
(70 times)
Virology
(49 times)
NDV (5 times)
IFN (4 times)
CAM (3 times)
1970 Interferon production and inhibition of host synthesis in cells infected with vesicular stomatitis virus.
27  cocaethylene
(64 times)
Toxicology
(20 times)
COC (50 times)
BE (21 times)
EME (19 times)
1994 Hemodynamic and cerebral blood flow effects of cocaine, cocaethylene and benzoylecgonine in conscious and anesthetized fetal lambs.
28  community engagement
(64 times)
Public Health
(19 times)
CBPR (4 times)
CEnR (4 times)
CTSA (4 times)
2010 Development of a framework for effective community engagement in Ontario, Canada.
29  competitive exclusion
(64 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(35 times)
CFU (4 times)
ST (4 times)
ESBL (3 times)
1988 Effect of anticoccidial and antimicrobial feed additives on prevention of Salmonella colonization of chicks treated with anaerobic cultures of chicken feces.
30  cycle ergometer
(63 times)
Sports Medicine
(23 times)
TM (21 times)
HR (11 times)
TR (10 times)
1982 Evaluation of a maximal predictive cycle ergometer test of aerobic power.
31  cell envelope
(61 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
SPRR (6 times)
TGase (6 times)
CP (3 times)
1974 Protein fraction with immunogenic potential and low toxicity isolated from the cell wall of Neisseria meningitidis group B.
32  chronic enteropathy
(61 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(47 times)
IBD (14 times)
FRE (8 times)
CIBDAI (6 times)
2005 Cytokine expression in an ex vivo culture system of duodenal samples from dogs with chronic enteropathies: modulation by probiotic bacteria.
33  clinically evaluable
(55 times)
Drug Therapy
(20 times)
CI (19 times)
MITT (17 times)
TOC (16 times)
1997 Ofloxacin otic solution for treatment of otitis externa in children and adults.
34  cerebral edema
(54 times)
Endocrinology
(11 times)
DKA (24 times)
ALF (5 times)
CI (4 times)
1995 Simultaneous acute cerebral and pulmonary edema complicating diabetic ketoacidosis.
35  chromoendoscopy
(54 times)
Gastroenterology
(41 times)
WLE (17 times)
NBI (15 times)
UC (10 times)
2003 Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis.
36  Carpentier-Edwards
(53 times)
Cardiology
(29 times)
AVR (5 times)
BS (5 times)
SVD (5 times)
1981 Hemodynamic evaluation of Hancock and Carpentier-Edwards bioprostheses.
37  ciliary epithelium
(53 times)
Ophthalmology
(29 times)
RPE (6 times)
CB (5 times)
NPE (5 times)
1987 Electrical parameters of the isolated monkey ciliary epithelium and effects of pharmacological agents.
38  conventional extraction
(53 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
UAE (9 times)
MAE (5 times)
DPPH (3 times)
1990 Computer-assisted self-control of diabetes by adolescents.
39  converting enzyme
(53 times)
Pharmacology
(27 times)
RAS (12 times)
Ang II (9 times)
Ang I (8 times)
1976 Substrate binding properties of converting enzyme using a series of p-nitrophenylalanyl derivatives of angiotensin I.
40  coronary endarterectomy
(52 times)
General Surgery
(31 times)
CABG (32 times)
LAD (13 times)
MI (6 times)
1998 Coronary endarterectomy revisited: mid-term angiographic results.
41  contrast echocardiography
(50 times)
Cardiology
(29 times)
LV (18 times)
EF (5 times)
PFO (4 times)
1985 Diagnosis of tricuspid regurgitation. Sensitivity of Doppler ultrasound compared with contrast echocardiography.
42  collision energy
(49 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(26 times)
MRM (9 times)
CID (7 times)
ESI (7 times)
2001 Tuning compounds for electrospray ionization/in-source collision-induced dissociation and mass spectra library searching.
43  cardiac events
(47 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
LVEF (8 times)
MPI (7 times)
CAD (5 times)
1991 [Prognostic significance of scintigraphic silent myocardial ischemia detected by stress thallium scan in patients with recent myocardial infarction].
44  cerebellum
(46 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
CX (8 times)
BS (7 times)
SC (6 times)
1985 Changes in the levels of neural cell specific proteins in the developing rat brain.
45  catechin equivalents
(45 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(13 times)
GAE (28 times)
DPPH (9 times)
FRAP (9 times)
2003 Effects of high-tannin sorghum and bentonite on the performance of laying hens.
46  cornified envelope
(44 times)
Dermatology
(12 times)
SC (7 times)
TEWL (5 times)
SPRR (4 times)
1987 Effect of retinoic acid on cornified envelope formation: difference between spontaneous envelope formation in vivo or in vitro and expression of envelope competence.
47  cataract extraction
(43 times)
Ophthalmology
(32 times)
IOP (8 times)
IOL (5 times)
BCVA (4 times)
1998 Trabeculectomy function after cataract extraction.
48  carbohydrate esterase
(41 times)
Biotechnology
(14 times)
GH (10 times)
PL (6 times)
CBM (5 times)
2003 Regioselective deacetylation of cellulose acetates by acetyl xylan esterases of different CE-families.
49  central
(40 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
BL (14 times)
LA (12 times)
ME (10 times)
1984 Studies on gustatory responses of amygdaloid neurons in rats.
50  catechol estrogens
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
COMT (10 times)
2-MeOE (4 times)
LPh (4 times)
1986 Effect of continuous intraventricular estrogen or catechol estrogen treatment on catecholamine turnover in various brain regions.
51  central executive
(38 times)
Psychology
(22 times)
WM (28 times)
PL (10 times)
ADHD (9 times)
1998 Regional brain activity during tasks devoted to the central executive of working memory.
52  chloroform extract
(37 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
EE (8 times)
ME (7 times)
HE (4 times)
1995 Comparison of four alternative radiochemical purity testing methods for 99Tcm-sestamibi.
53  concept elicitation
(36 times)
Patient Reported Outcome Measures
(11 times)
PRO (16 times)
CD (14 times)
HRQoL (4 times)
2010 Content validation of two SF-36 subscales for use in type 2 diabetes and non-dialysis chronic kidney disease-related anemia.
54  carboplatin and etoposide
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
OS (7 times)
SCLC (5 times)
HD (4 times)
1992 Cardiac tamponade resulting from recurrent small-cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix temporarily responding to CE/CAV chemotherapy: report of a case.
55  cellulose
(35 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
LAB (5 times)
CS (4 times)
CH (3 times)
1986 Comparison of the effect of cell wall and hull fiber from canola and soybean on the bioavailability for rats of minerals, protein and lipid.
56  clinical endometritis
(35 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(25 times)
SE (9 times)
DIM (4 times)
SCE (4 times)
2007 Rectal temperature, calving-related factors, and the incidence of puerperal metritis in postpartum dairy cows.
57  cognitive enhancement
(34 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
ADHD (1 time)
AMPH (1 time)
AQ (1 time)
2004 Use of cognitive enhancement medication in persons with Alzheimer disease who have a family caregiver: results from the Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH) project.
58  contrast enema
(34 times)
Pediatrics
(17 times)
HD (10 times)
ARM (5 times)
RSB (5 times)
1987 Perforated colorectal neoplasms: correlation of clinical, contrast enema, and CT examinations.
59  cloacal exstrophy
(33 times)
Pediatrics
(21 times)
BE (6 times)
CBE (5 times)
EEC (5 times)
2001 Surgical treatment of cloacal anomalies.
60  choice experiment
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
WTP (16 times)
RPL (4 times)
CV (3 times)
2004 A comparison of stated preference methods for estimating monetary values.
61  cinnamon extract
(30 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
IR (4 times)
CA (3 times)
GLUT4 (3 times)
2004 Cinnamon extract prevents the insulin resistance induced by a high-fructose diet.
62  cross effect
(30 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
DNP (26 times)
SE (11 times)
MAS (10 times)
2004 Analysis of survival data with cross-effects of survival functions.
63  California encephalitis
(28 times)
Tropical Medicine
(12 times)
LAC (4 times)
CAL (3 times)
SSH (3 times)
1973 California arbovirus (La Crosse) infections. II. Precipitin antibody tests for the diagnosis of California encephalitis.
64  cardioembolic stroke
(27 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
IS (7 times)
ESUS (4 times)
LAA (4 times)
2004 Blood pressure course in acute ischaemic stroke in relation to stroke subtype.
65  continuous exercise
(26 times)
Sports Medicine
(11 times)
HIIE (9 times)
IE (8 times)
HR (4 times)
2000 Ozone dose-response effects of varied equivalent minute ventilation rates.
66  contractile element
(26 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
SEE (7 times)
SE (6 times)
MTC (3 times)
1973 A three-dimensional analytical (rheological) model of the human left ventricle in passive-active states. Nontraumatic determination of the in vivo values of the rheological parameters.
67  cation exchange
(25 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
NCs (6 times)
HNCs (2 times)
NPLs (2 times)
2007 Identification of insect-selective and mammal-selective toxins from Parabuthus leiosoma venom.
68  cell extract
(25 times)
Communicable Diseases
(6 times)
CF (6 times)
CSC (4 times)
CM (3 times)
1971 Biological characteristics of Clostridium perfringens type A enterotoxin.
69  contrast extravasation
(25 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
CT (17 times)
ICH (4 times)
ISS (3 times)
2007 Significance of contrast extravasation in patients with pelvic fracture.
70  coronary events
(25 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
CVD (5 times)
HR (5 times)
CI (3 times)
1985 The significance of ST and T changes for the development of coronary events in patients with acute coronary chest pain, treated in a coronary care unit without verified acute myocardial infarction.
71  calving ease
(24 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(19 times)
BW (6 times)
GL (4 times)
MGS (3 times)
1986 The effect of positive assortative mating on genetic parameters in a simulated beef cattle population.
72  cauda equina
(24 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
EAN (6 times)
CES (4 times)
CM (4 times)
1988 Responsiveness to P2 of blood- and cauda equina-derived lymphocytes in experimental allergic neuritis in the Lewis rat: preliminary characterisation of a P2-specific cauda equina-derived T cell line.
73  cell equivalents
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
qPCR (4 times)
FISH (2 times)
FV (2 times)
1992 Determination of flavin contents in neutrophils by a sensitive chemiluminescence assay: evidence for no translocation of flavoproteins from the cytosol to the membrane upon cell stimulation.
74  cholesterol
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
LDL (10 times)
TG (10 times)
HDL (7 times)
1980 Cholesterol esterification of mechanically-induced aortic lesions in normolipemic pigs.
75  cortical excitability
(24 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
MEP (5 times)
TMS (5 times)
ICF (3 times)
2010 Paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation during preparation for simple and choice reaction time tasks.
76  Cellobiose 2-epimerase
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
MD (4 times)
AGE (2 times)
Man-Glc (2 times)
2008 Enzymatic properties of cellobiose 2-epimerase from Ruminococcus albus and the synthesis of rare oligosaccharides by the enzyme.
77  cholinesterase
(23 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
AP (5 times)
CA (5 times)
LDH (4 times)
1976 [Effect of polychlorocamphene on the organs and their neural apparatus in pregnant animals].
78  closed eyes
(23 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
OE (20 times)
COP (5 times)
CER (2 times)
1991 [Use of the head shaking test in the posturographic diagnosis].
79  Combinatorial Extension
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
PDB (6 times)
FAST (2 times)
MaxCMO (2 times)
1998 Protein structure alignment by incremental combinatorial extension (CE) of the optimal path.
80  carbohydrate-electrolyte
(22 times)
Sports Medicine
(15 times)
BW (2 times)
CHO (2 times)
BM (1 time)
1989 Fluid replacement during and after exercise in the heat.
81  coefficient of error
(22 times)
Anatomy
(5 times)
CV (5 times)
AD (1 time)
BnHEPs (1 time)
1988 Glomerular structural quantities in baseline biopsies from cadaveric donor kidney pairs.
82  coil embolization
(22 times)
Neurosurgery
(8 times)
EVAR (4 times)
SC (4 times)
UIA (3 times)
2000 Prospective analysis of aneurysm treatment in a series of 103 consecutive patients when endovascular embolization is considered the first option.
83  contrast material-enhanced
(22 times)
Radiology
(19 times)
MR (12 times)
CT (4 times)
US (4 times)
2008 Renal artery stenosis evaluation: diagnostic performance of gadobenate dimeglumine-enhanced MR angiography--comparison with DSA.
84  Central Europe
(21 times)
Epidemiology
(5 times)
LA (3 times)
OR (3 times)
WE (3 times)
1998 Trends in cigarette sales and lung cancer mortality in four central European countries.
85  cold exposure
(21 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
BAT (3 times)
FA (3 times)
Ta (3 times)
1975 Inhibition of thermal tachypnoea in rabbits following exposure to cold and water deprivation.
86  cross-entropy
(21 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
AUC (2 times)
DSC (2 times)
MSE (2 times)
1990 A novel objective function for improved phoneme recognition using time-delay neural networks.
87  cardiovascular events
(20 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
BP (4 times)
HR (4 times)
HF (3 times)
2001 [Cardiovascular morbidity and its relationship to left ventricular hypertrophy in a cohort of hypertensive patients: the Gotic study].
88  chest expansion
(20 times)
Rheumatology
(8 times)
AS (8 times)
BASDAI (3 times)
BASFI (3 times)
1991 Are measurements of chest expansion and peak expiratory flow rate worthwhile in assessing candidates for life assurance?
89  controlled environment
(20 times)
Botany
(3 times)
EE (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1981 Effect of temperature on benzo[a]pyrene-induced hyperplastic and neoplastic skin lesions in mice.
90  capture efficiency
(19 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
IMS (5 times)
IMBs (2 times)
AAS (1 time)
1998 Platelet aggregation in flow: differential roles for adhesive receptors and ligands.
91  chicken erythrocytes
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
CT (3 times)
HC (3 times)
ADCC (2 times)
1977 Differences in pyrogen production by mononuclear phagocytes and by fibroblasts or HeLa cells.
92  Common Era
(19 times)
Science
(8 times)
BCE (1 time)
BP (1 time)
ENSO (1 time)
2007 A comprehensive archaeological map of the world's largest preindustrial settlement complex at Angkor, Cambodia.
93  cathepsin E
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
CD (3 times)
CHO (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
1993 Isolation and biochemical characterization of procathepsin E from human erythrocyte membranes.
94  central nucleus
(18 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
LA (7 times)
BL (3 times)
BLA (3 times)
1978 Amygdaloid projections to the mesencephalon, pons and medulla oblongata in the cat.
95  cluster expansion
(18 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
DFT (6 times)
MC (3 times)
ECIs (2 times)
2004 Reliable first-principles alloy thermodynamics via truncated cluster expansions.
96  Certifying Examination
(17 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
ABS (9 times)
QE (8 times)
ABSITE (2 times)
2010 The public mock oral: a useful tool for examinees and the audience in preparation for the American Board of Surgery Certifying Examination.
97  composite endpoint
(17 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
OR (3 times)
ACS (2 times)
CVD (2 times)
2005 Myocardial infarction redefined: impact on case-load and outcome of patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome and nondiagnostic ECG at presentation.
98  clinical engineering
(16 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
BE (1 time)
BME (1 time)
DRGs (1 time)
1985 Clinical engineering as an academic discipline.
99  constant estrous
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
PD (3 times)
CD (2 times)
PP (2 times)
1978 Patterns of sex steroid and gonadotropin secretion in aging female rats.
100  contact electrification
(16 times)
Biophysics
(8 times)
EDL (2 times)
TENG (2 times)
TENGs (2 times)
2014 Role of contact electrification and electrostatic interactions in gecko adhesion.