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Abbreviation: CE
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
capillary electrophoresis
(3847 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2460 times)
HPLC (258 times)
MS (192 times)
LIF (182 times)
1990 Theoretical evaluation of capillary electrophoresis performance.
cholesteryl ester
(1085 times)
Biochemistry
(422 times)
TG (256 times)
HDL (198 times)
LDL (170 times)
1968 Influence of sex and gonadal hormones on lipid metabolism in essential fatty acid-deficient rats.
cystic echinococcosis
(710 times)
Parasitology
(252 times)
AE (105 times)
ELISA (39 times)
US (25 times)
1994 Immunoglobulin G subclass responses in human cystic and alveolar echinococcosis.
capsule endoscopy
(639 times)
Gastroenterology
(381 times)
OGIB (104 times)
CD (85 times)
DBE (79 times)
2002 The first prospective controlled trial comparing wireless capsule endoscopy with push enteroscopy in chronic gastrointestinal bleeding.
contrast-enhanced
(451 times)
Radiology
(151 times)
MRI (75 times)
MRA (69 times)
CT (32 times)
1990 Intrapulmonary vascular dilatations (IPVD) in liver transplant candidates. Screening by two-dimensional contrast-enhanced echocardiography.
continuing education
(313 times)
Education
(115 times)
CPD (13 times)
AVA (8 times)
PHT (7 times)
1981 A model for planning continuing education for impact.
cost-effectiveness
(187 times)
Health Services Research
(20 times)
QALY (23 times)
QALYs (19 times)
ICER (13 times)
1979 Cost-benefit analysis: a research tool for evaluating innovative health programs.
Coulombic efficiency
(172 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(48 times)
MFC (35 times)
MFCs (19 times)
MF (11 times)
1981 Culture conditions for a human lymphoma cell line (Raji) and their application to mutation research.
carboxylation efficiency
(157 times)
Hematology
(37 times)
Pn (22 times)
AQY (16 times)
LCP (11 times)
1976 Genotypic variation in carboxylation of tomatoes.
10  counter electrode
(153 times)
Chemistry
(49 times)
DSSCs (56 times)
PCE (38 times)
DSCs (21 times)
1979 Plasma development in the accelerator of a 2-kJ focus discharge.
11  contrast enhancement
(133 times)
Radiology
(48 times)
CT (19 times)
MRI (16 times)
CNR (10 times)
1981 [Studies on contrast enhancement in gynecologic pelvic computed tomography (author's transl)].
12  cardioembolism
(111 times)
Neurology
(46 times)
LAA (45 times)
SVO (15 times)
NIHSS (13 times)
1984 [Cerebral embolism. A neurologist's point of view].
13  carotid endarterectomy
(110 times)
General Surgery
(50 times)
ICA (18 times)
NASCET (6 times)
CABG (5 times)
1982 Concomitant carotid and coronary artery reconstruction.
14  center-edge
(110 times)
Orthopedics
(79 times)
DDH (22 times)
OA (11 times)
AI (9 times)
1980 Protrusio acetabuli in Marfan's syndrome.
15  crude extract
(98 times)
Pharmacology
(22 times)
EAF (8 times)
ES (6 times)
DPPH (5 times)
1976 The effect of a bacterial extract on synovial cells in tissue culture.
16  carboxylesterase
(86 times)
Pharmacology
(20 times)
AChE (10 times)
ChE (8 times)
GST (6 times)
1975 The influence of phenobarbitone on maternal and perinatal hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes in the rat.
17  convergent extension
(86 times)
Embryology
(31 times)
PCP (39 times)
Dvl (8 times)
NTDs (5 times)
2002 Zebrafish Rho kinase 2 acts downstream of Wnt11 to mediate cell polarity and effective convergence and extension movements.
18  corneal endothelial
(86 times)
Ophthalmology
(47 times)
VIP (8 times)
CECs (6 times)
FECD (6 times)
1985 [Immunochemical approach to the identification of specific markers of the corneal epithelium in Rana temporaria].
19  conjugated estrogens
(81 times)
Gynecology
(27 times)
BZA (33 times)
MPA (20 times)
TSEC (14 times)
1975 The effects of antiepileptic drugs on estrogen-induced electrographic spike-wave discharge.
20  clinical examination
(70 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
US (14 times)
CLL (6 times)
PD (6 times)
1985 Diaphanography in breast carcinoma. Correlation with clinical examination, mammography, cytology and histology.
21  chick embryo
(67 times)
Virology
(49 times)
NDV (5 times)
IFN (4 times)
CAM (3 times)
1970 Interferon production and inhibition of host synthesis in cells infected with vesicular stomatitis virus.
22  constant error
(62 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
VE (21 times)
TE (20 times)
AE (19 times)
1974 The effect of interpolated motor activity on the short-term retention of movement distance and end-location.
23  competitive exclusion
(61 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(33 times)
CFU (4 times)
ST (4 times)
SE (3 times)
1988 Effect of anticoccidial and antimicrobial feed additives on prevention of Salmonella colonization of chicks treated with anaerobic cultures of chicken feces.
24  cell envelope
(60 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
SPRR (6 times)
TGase (6 times)
CP (3 times)
1974 Protein fraction with immunogenic potential and low toxicity isolated from the cell wall of Neisseria meningitidis group B.
25  cocaethylene
(58 times)
Toxicology
(18 times)
COC (45 times)
BE (20 times)
EME (15 times)
1994 Hemodynamic and cerebral blood flow effects of cocaine, cocaethylene and benzoylecgonine in conscious and anesthetized fetal lambs.
26  converting enzyme
(53 times)
Pharmacology
(27 times)
RAS (12 times)
Ang II (9 times)
Ang I (8 times)
1976 Substrate binding properties of converting enzyme using a series of p-nitrophenylalanyl derivatives of angiotensin I.
27  Conformite Europeenne
(52 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
FDA (10 times)
CT (3 times)
IVD (3 times)
1999 Equipment standards: history, litigation, and advice.
28  cycle ergometer
(52 times)
Sports Medicine
(22 times)
TM (17 times)
TR (10 times)
HR (8 times)
1982 Evaluation of a maximal predictive cycle ergometer test of aerobic power.
29  Carpentier-Edwards
(49 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
BS (5 times)
SVD (5 times)
AVR (4 times)
1981 Hemodynamic evaluation of Hancock and Carpentier-Edwards bioprostheses.
30  ciliary epithelium
(47 times)
Ophthalmology
(28 times)
RPE (6 times)
CB (5 times)
NPE (5 times)
1987 Electrical parameters of the isolated monkey ciliary epithelium and effects of pharmacological agents.
31  chronic endometritis
(46 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(22 times)
RIF (8 times)
RPL (3 times)
HE (2 times)
1992 [The processes of mono-, bi- and polysubstrate digestion in chronic enteritis].
32  contrast echocardiography
(45 times)
Cardiology
(28 times)
LV (16 times)
EF (4 times)
PFO (4 times)
1985 Diagnosis of tricuspid regurgitation. Sensitivity of Doppler ultrasound compared with contrast echocardiography.
33  cerebellum
(44 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
BS (7 times)
CX (7 times)
SC (6 times)
1985 Changes in the levels of neural cell specific proteins in the developing rat brain.
34  clinically evaluable
(42 times)
Drug Therapy
(19 times)
CI (14 times)
CAP (13 times)
TOC (13 times)
1997 Ofloxacin otic solution for treatment of otitis externa in children and adults.
35  chromoendoscopy
(40 times)
Gastroenterology
(34 times)
NBI (13 times)
WLE (9 times)
UC (7 times)
2003 Methylene blue-aided chromoendoscopy for the detection of intraepithelial neoplasia and colon cancer in ulcerative colitis.
36  current efficiency
(40 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
EQE (18 times)
PE (13 times)
OLEDs (7 times)
2000 Anodic destruction of 4-chlorophenol solution.
37  central
(39 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
BL (13 times)
LA (11 times)
ME (9 times)
1984 Studies on gustatory responses of amygdaloid neurons in rats.
38  catechol estrogens
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
COMT (10 times)
2-MeOE (4 times)
LPh (4 times)
1986 Effect of continuous intraventricular estrogen or catechol estrogen treatment on catecholamine turnover in various brain regions.
39  central executive
(38 times)
Psychology
(22 times)
WM (28 times)
PL (10 times)
ADHD (9 times)
1999 Regional brain activity during tasks devoted to the central executive of working memory.
40  chronic enteropathy
(36 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(29 times)
IBD (10 times)
FRE (6 times)
CIBDAI (5 times)
2005 Cytokine expression in an ex vivo culture system of duodenal samples from dogs with chronic enteropathies: modulation by probiotic bacteria.
41  collision energy
(36 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(22 times)
MRM (9 times)
ESI (7 times)
CID (6 times)
2001 Tuning compounds for electrospray ionization/in-source collision-induced dissociation and mass spectra library searching.
42  coronary endarterectomy
(36 times)
General Surgery
(21 times)
CABG (20 times)
LAD (8 times)
MI (5 times)
1998 Coronary endarterectomy revisited: mid-term angiographic results.
43  cerebral edema
(34 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
DKA (15 times)
ALF (4 times)
MR (3 times)
1995 Simultaneous acute cerebral and pulmonary edema complicating diabetic ketoacidosis.
44  community engagement
(34 times)
Public Health
(10 times)
CBPR (3 times)
CTSA (3 times)
AHCs (2 times)
2011 Development of a framework for effective community engagement in Ontario, Canada.
45  conventional extraction
(34 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
UAE (5 times)
CUAE (2 times)
DPPH (2 times)
1990 Computer-assisted self-control of diabetes by adolescents.
46  cornified envelope
(34 times)
Dermatology
(12 times)
SC (7 times)
CLE (3 times)
SPRR (3 times)
1987 Effect of retinoic acid on cornified envelope formation: difference between spontaneous envelope formation in vivo or in vitro and expression of envelope competence.
47  carbohydrate esterase
(33 times)
Biotechnology
(12 times)
GH (8 times)
CBM (5 times)
GT (5 times)
2003 Regioselective deacetylation of cellulose acetates by acetyl xylan esterases of different CE-families.
48  cardiac events
(32 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
LVEF (6 times)
MPI (6 times)
CAD (3 times)
1991 [Prognostic significance of scintigraphic silent myocardial ischemia detected by stress thallium scan in patients with recent myocardial infarction].
49  carboplatin and etoposide
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
OS (5 times)
SCLC (4 times)
ED-SCLC (3 times)
1992 Cardiac tamponade resulting from recurrent small-cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix temporarily responding to CE/CAV chemotherapy: report of a case.
50  California encephalitis
(28 times)
Tropical Medicine
(12 times)
LAC (4 times)
CAL (3 times)
SSH (3 times)
1973 California arbovirus (La Crosse) infections. II. Precipitin antibody tests for the diagnosis of California encephalitis.
51  cataract extraction
(27 times)
Ophthalmology
(24 times)
IOP (5 times)
IOL (4 times)
PC IOL (3 times)
1998 Trabeculectomy function after cataract extraction.
52  cognitive enhancement
(27 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
ADHD (1 time)
AMPH (1 time)
AQ (1 time)
2004 Use of cognitive enhancement medication in persons with Alzheimer disease who have a family caregiver: results from the Resources for Enhancing Alzheimer's Caregiver Health (REACH) project.
53  contrast enema
(27 times)
Pediatrics
(15 times)
HD (8 times)
ARM (4 times)
RSB (4 times)
1987 Perforated colorectal neoplasms: correlation of clinical, contrast enema, and CT examinations.
54  catechin equivalents
(26 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
GAE (14 times)
TE (6 times)
DPPH (5 times)
2003 Effects of high-tannin sorghum and bentonite on the performance of laying hens.
55  cloacal exstrophy
(26 times)
Pediatrics
(16 times)
BE (5 times)
CBE (5 times)
EEC (3 times)
2001 Surgical treatment of cloacal anomalies.
56  chloroform extract
(25 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
ME (5 times)
EE (4 times)
DPPH (3 times)
1995 Comparison of four alternative radiochemical purity testing methods for 99Tcm-sestamibi.
57  contractile element
(25 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
SEE (7 times)
SE (6 times)
MTC (3 times)
1973 A three-dimensional analytical (rheological) model of the human left ventricle in passive-active states. Nontraumatic determination of the in vivo values of the rheological parameters.
58  cholesterol
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
LDL (10 times)
TG (9 times)
HDL (7 times)
1980 Cholesterol esterification of mechanically-induced aortic lesions in normolipemic pigs.
59  cholinesterase
(23 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
AP (5 times)
CA (5 times)
LDH (4 times)
1976 [Effect of polychlorocamphene on the organs and their neural apparatus in pregnant animals].
60  Combinatorial Extension
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
PDB (6 times)
FAST (2 times)
MaxCMO (2 times)
1998 Protein structure alignment by incremental combinatorial extension (CE) of the optimal path.
61  carbohydrate-electrolyte
(22 times)
Sports Medicine
(15 times)
BW (2 times)
CHO (2 times)
BM (1 time)
1989 Fluid replacement during and after exercise in the heat.
62  cell equivalents
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
qPCR (4 times)
FISH (2 times)
GM (2 times)
1992 Determination of flavin contents in neutrophils by a sensitive chemiluminescence assay: evidence for no translocation of flavoproteins from the cytosol to the membrane upon cell stimulation.
63  choice experiment
(21 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
WTP (10 times)
CV (3 times)
AI (1 time)
2004 A comparison of stated preference methods for estimating monetary values.
64  cinnamon extract
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
IR (4 times)
GLUT4 (3 times)
CA (2 times)
2004 Cinnamon extract prevents the insulin resistance induced by a high-fructose diet.
65  coefficient of error
(21 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CV (5 times)
AD (1 time)
BnHEPs (1 time)
1988 Glomerular structural quantities in baseline biopsies from cadaveric donor kidney pairs.
66  continuous exercise
(21 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
HIIE (6 times)
IE (6 times)
HR (3 times)
2000 Ozone dose-response effects of varied equivalent minute ventilation rates.
67  coronary events
(21 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CVD (5 times)
HR (5 times)
CI (2 times)
1985 The significance of ST and T changes for the development of coronary events in patients with acute coronary chest pain, treated in a coronary care unit without verified acute myocardial infarction.
68  cross effect
(21 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
DNP (18 times)
SE (10 times)
MAS (8 times)
2004 Analysis of survival data with cross-effects of survival functions.
69  clinical endometritis
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(16 times)
SE (7 times)
BHB (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2007 Rectal temperature, calving-related factors, and the incidence of puerperal metritis in postpartum dairy cows.
70  contrast material-enhanced
(20 times)
Radiology
(17 times)
MR (12 times)
CT (4 times)
US (4 times)
2008 Renal artery stenosis evaluation: diagnostic performance of gadobenate dimeglumine-enhanced MR angiography--comparison with DSA.
71  calving ease
(19 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
BW (3 times)
MGS (3 times)
CS (2 times)
1986 The effect of positive assortative mating on genetic parameters in a simulated beef cattle population.
72  cell extract
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
CM (3 times)
DCs (3 times)
AD (2 times)
1971 Biological characteristics of Clostridium perfringens type A enterotoxin.
73  chicken erythrocytes
(19 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
CT (3 times)
HC (3 times)
ADCC (2 times)
1977 Differences in pyrogen production by mononuclear phagocytes and by fibroblasts or HeLa cells.
74  cardioembolic stroke
(18 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
IS (6 times)
LAA (4 times)
LVD (3 times)
2004 Blood pressure course in acute ischaemic stroke in relation to stroke subtype.
75  cathepsin E
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
CD (3 times)
CHO (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
1993 Isolation and biochemical characterization of procathepsin E from human erythrocyte membranes.
76  central nucleus
(18 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
LA (7 times)
BL (3 times)
BLA (3 times)
1978 Amygdaloid projections to the mesencephalon, pons and medulla oblongata in the cat.
77  cardiovascular events
(17 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
BP (4 times)
HR (4 times)
CAD (2 times)
2001 [Cardiovascular morbidity and its relationship to left ventricular hypertrophy in a cohort of hypertensive patients: the Gotic study].
78  cauda equina
(17 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
EAN (6 times)
CES (2 times)
CM (2 times)
1988 Responsiveness to P2 of blood- and cauda equina-derived lymphocytes in experimental allergic neuritis in the Lewis rat: preliminary characterisation of a P2-specific cauda equina-derived T cell line.
79  Central Europe
(17 times)
Epidemiology
(5 times)
LA (3 times)
OR (3 times)
WE (3 times)
1998 Trends in cigarette sales and lung cancer mortality in four central European countries.
80  closed eyes
(17 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
OE (14 times)
COP (4 times)
CER (2 times)
1991 [Use of the head shaking test in the posturographic diagnosis].
81  concept elicitation
(17 times)
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
(7 times)
PRO (8 times)
CD (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2011 Content validation of two SF-36 subscales for use in type 2 diabetes and non-dialysis chronic kidney disease-related anemia.
82  cation exchange
(16 times)
Nanotechnology
(6 times)
NCs (4 times)
HNCs (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2007 Identification of insect-selective and mammal-selective toxins from Parabuthus leiosoma venom.
83  Cellobiose 2-epimerase
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
AGE (2 times)
Man-Glc (2 times)
MGP (2 times)
2008 Enzymatic properties of cellobiose 2-epimerase from Ruminococcus albus and the synthesis of rare oligosaccharides by the enzyme.
84  cellulose
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
CH (3 times)
CS (2 times)
DM (2 times)
1986 Comparison of the effect of cell wall and hull fiber from canola and soybean on the bioavailability for rats of minerals, protein and lipid.
85  cold exposure
(16 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
BAT (3 times)
Ta (3 times)
FA (2 times)
1975 Inhibition of thermal tachypnoea in rabbits following exposure to cold and water deprivation.
86  constant estrous
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
PD (3 times)
CD (2 times)
PP (2 times)
1978 Patterns of sex steroid and gonadotropin secretion in aging female rats.
87  capture efficiency
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
IMS (3 times)
ADP (1 time)
avg (1 time)
1998 Platelet aggregation in flow: differential roles for adhesive receptors and ligands.
88  chest expansion
(15 times)
Rheumatology
(6 times)
AS (7 times)
BASDAI (2 times)
BASFI (2 times)
1991 Are measurements of chest expansion and peak expiratory flow rate worthwhile in assessing candidates for life assurance?
89  clinical engineering
(15 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
BME (1 time)
DRGs (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
1985 Clinical engineering as an academic discipline.
90  coil embolization
(15 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
SC (4 times)
EVAR (3 times)
AAA (2 times)
2000 Prospective analysis of aneurysm treatment in a series of 103 consecutive patients when endovascular embolization is considered the first option.
91  contrast extravasation
(15 times)
Traumatology
(5 times)
CT (11 times)
TAE (3 times)
ICH (2 times)
2007 Significance of contrast extravasation in patients with pelvic fracture.
92  corticospinal excitability
(15 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
TMS (4 times)
MEP (3 times)
FDI (2 times)
2010 Paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation during preparation for simple and choice reaction time tasks.
93  centrifugal elutriation
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
DC (2 times)
ADCC (1 time)
APC (1 time)
1979 Application of flow cytometry and cell sorting to megakaryocytopoiesis.
94  Certifying Examination
(14 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
ABS (8 times)
QE (7 times)
ABSITE (2 times)
2010 The public mock oral: a useful tool for examinees and the audience in preparation for the American Board of Surgery Certifying Examination.
95  chemoembolization
(14 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
HCC (3 times)
OS (2 times)
PFS (2 times)
1992 [Chemoembolization in the therapy of hepatocarcinoma. A 3-year experience].
96  carrier-envelope
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
AOPDF (1 time)
RMS (1 time)
2004 Measurement of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses by use of asymmetric photoionization.
97  cellular extract
(13 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CM (3 times)
CF (2 times)
EC (2 times)
1990 Comparison of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay with dot immunobinding assay for detection of antibodies against Pasteurella multocida in turkeys.
98  comparative effectiveness
(13 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ARR (1 time)
BE (1 time)
CDP (1 time)
2010 Characteristics of published comparative effectiveness studies of medications.
99  cluster expansion
(12 times)
Biophysics
(7 times)
DFT (4 times)
MC (2 times)
ECI (1 time)
2004 Reliable first-principles alloy thermodynamics via truncated cluster expansions.
100  commission errors
(12 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
OE (7 times)
ADHD (5 times)
RTV (4 times)
2010 [Developmental changes in the kiddie continuous performance test and its appropriate age for application].