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Abbreviation: CEF
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
chicken embryo fibroblasts
(671 times)
Virology
(180 times)
MDV (52 times)
RSV (45 times)
IBDV (30 times)
1964 EFFECT OF 6-AMINONICOTINAMIDE ON CHICK-EMBRYO TISSUE CULTURES INFECTED WITH VACCINIA VIRUS.
cyclic electron flow
(79 times)
Botany
(24 times)
PSI (30 times)
PSII (21 times)
NPQ (12 times)
2005 Differential use of two cyclic electron flows around photosystem I for driving CO2-concentration mechanism in C4 photosynthesis.
cyclophosphamide, epirubicin, and fluorouracil
(48 times)
Neoplasms
(37 times)
CMF (16 times)
OS (10 times)
RFS (7 times)
1988 Phase I trial of adjuvant chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide, epirubicin and 5-fluorouracil (CEF) for stage II breast cancer.
ceftriaxone
(32 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
GLT-1 (5 times)
NAc (4 times)
EtOH (3 times)
1982 Simultaneous simulation of the serum profiles of two antibiotics and analysis of the combined effect against a culture of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
crystalline electric field
(18 times)
Biophysics
(10 times)
HERFD (2 times)
INS (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2004 High magnetic field phase diagram of PrOs4Sb12.
ceftiofur
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
ENR (4 times)
CEPA (3 times)
LOD (2 times)
1996 Determination of ceftiofur in bovine milk by liquid chromatography.
cauda epididymal fluid
(14 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(13 times)
RTF (3 times)
8-bromo-cAMP (1 time)
Abs (1 time)
1985 Effects of pH, lactate, and viscoelastic drag on sperm motility: a species comparison.
cefepime
(14 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AMK (2 times)
MEM (2 times)
MRSA (2 times)
2003 Determination of the dissociation constants of the cephalosporins cefepime and cefpirome using UV spectrometry and pH potentiometry.
circular external fixator
(12 times)
Traumatology
(7 times)
aPPTA (1 time)
BLF (1 time)
CEF-FR (1 time)
2004 The use of a circular external skeletal fixation device for the management of long bone osteotomies in large ruminants: an experimental study.
10  cefuroxime
(11 times)
Bacteriology
(2 times)
AKI (1 time)
AMOX (1 time)
BMIM (1 time)
2002 Phenytoin pharmacokinetics and clinical effects in African children following fosphenytoin and chloramphenicol coadministration.
11  coronary endothelial function
(10 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
CAD (6 times)
IHE (5 times)
CSA (4 times)
2015 Coronary vasomotor responses to isometric handgrip exercise are primarily mediated by nitric oxide: a noninvasive MRI test of coronary endothelial function.
12  cefazolin
(8 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
VAN (3 times)
AMP (2 times)
GEN (2 times)
1988 More is better. Antibiotic management after hemorrhagic shock.
13  ceftazidime
(8 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
MTX (2 times)
AMK (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
1984 Ceftazidime versus tobramycin/ticarcillin in treating hospital acquired pneumonia and bacteremia.
14  continuous enteral feeding
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
IEF (2 times)
CD (1 time)
PN (1 time)
1991 [Severe Crohn's disease in children. Retrospective study of 38 cases].
15  clinical evaluation form
(5 times)
Education
(2 times)
MTMM (1 time)
OSCE (1 time)
1995 Validity of three clinical performance assessments of internal medicine clerks.
16  cyclic electron flow around photosystem I
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
NDH (3 times)
DTT (1 time)
FQR (1 time)
2011 Control of hydrogen photoproduction by the proton gradient generated by cyclic electron flow in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
17  cavity enhancement factor
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
BBCEAS (4 times)
LOD (2 times)
CCD (1 time)
2007 Liquid-phase broadband cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy measurements in a 2 mm cuvette.
18  cefamandole
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMP (1 time)
AZ (1 time)
GEN (1 time)
1981 Antibiotic treatment of acute shigellosis: failure of cefamandole compared with trimethoprim/ sulfamethoxazole and ampicillin.
19  cingulate eye field
(4 times)
Brain
(3 times)
DLPFC (2 times)
FEF (2 times)
SEF (2 times)
1998 Effects of anterior cingulate cortex lesions on ocular saccades in humans.
20  collection efficiency function
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
FCS (1 time)
FPR (1 time)
1991 Analysis of confocal laser-microscope optics for 3-D fluorescence correlation spectroscopy.
21  constant electrical field
(4 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
EPD (1 time)
1980 [Differences in electrical potentials of different areas of human skin as a characteristic of the functional state of the body].
22  Canadian Expeditionary Force
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2015 The first wave of the 1918 influenza pandemic among soldiers of the Canadian expeditionary force.
23  cefalexin
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BSA (1 time)
CF (1 time)
CFX (1 time)
2011 Determination of antibiotics in Brazilian surface waters using liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry.
24  cefdinir
(3 times)
Drug Evaluation
(1 time)
FTIR (2 times)
HP-beta-CD (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
2008 Effect of beta-cyclodextrin and hydroxypropyl beta-cyclodextrin complexation on physicochemical properties and antimicrobial activity of cefdinir.
25  cefetamet
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AdSDPV (1 time)
BR (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2003 Adsorptive stripping voltammetric determination of cefetamet in human urine.
26  Cefodizime
(3 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
IL-1 alpha (1 time)
1998 Reduction by cefodizime of the pulmonary inflammatory response induced by heat-killed Streptococcus pneumoniae in mice.
27  cell envelope fraction
(3 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
mAbs (2 times)
O-PS (2 times)
1994 Brucella melitensis cell envelope protein and lipopolysaccharide epitopes involved in humoral immune responses of naturally and experimentally infected sheep.
28  chloroform/ethyl acetate/formic acid
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
BEA (2 times)
EMW (2 times)
MIC (2 times)
2012 Identification and antibacterial evaluation of bioactive compounds from Garcinia kola (Heckel) seeds.
29  cholecystoenteric fistula
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CCF (1 time)
CCFs (1 time)
CDF (1 time)
2000 Cholecystogastric fistula presenting with haematemesis: diagnosed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiography.
30  contrast enhancement factor
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DCE (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
MSSR (1 time)
1981 Limitations to iodine isolation using a dual beam non-K-edge approach.
31  cyclophosphamide + epirubicin + 5-Fu
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
5-FU (1 time)
EC (1 time)
G-CSF (1 time)
1994 Clinical cooperative trials of the National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group Breast Cancer Site Group.
32  cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus, and influenza virus
(3 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
HHV-8 (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
2014 Tobacco smoking increases immune activation and impairs T-cell function in HIV infected patients on antiretrovirals: a cross-sectional pilot study.
33  caveolin-enriched plasma membrane fraction
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
RBP (1 time)
RRC (1 time)
1999 The "early-sorting" endocytic compartment of rat hepatocytes is involved in the intracellular pathway of caveolin-1 (VIP-21).
34  cefaclor
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AMC (1 time)
BHX (1 time)
GABHS (1 time)
2003 A comparative study of cefaclor vs amoxicillin/clavulanate in pediatric pharyngotonsillitis.
35  ceftiofur hydrochloride
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
IMM (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2016 Altered plasma pharmacokinetics of ceftiofur hydrochloride in cows affected with severe clinical mastitis.
36  chick fibroblast cells
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
AIV (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
HI (1 time)
2012 [Antigenic comparative analysis of Newcastle disease viruses with evolutional mutations in HN and F genes under antibody immune pressures].
37  chicken fibroblasts
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
ICS (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
1988 Polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies against chicken gizzard 5'-nucleotidase inhibit the spreading process of chicken embryonic fibroblasts on laminin substratum.
38  circular external skeletal fixator
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1999 Fracture treatment with circular external fixation.
39  composite energy function
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ILC (1 time)
2004 On iterative learning from different tracking tasks in the presence of time-varying uncertainties.
40  conjunctival epithelial flap
(2 times)
Optometry
(2 times)
CW (1 time)
GP (1 time)
SiH (1 time)
2009 Conjunctival epithelial flap in continuous contact lens wear.
41  Control-effective flux
(2 times)
Biology
(2 times)
EFM (1 time)
EFMs (1 time)
2004 Metabolic pathway analysis of enzyme-deficient human red blood cells.
42  controlled environment facility
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CFS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
1996 Chemical sensitivities and the Gulf War: Department of Veterans Affairs Research Center in basic and clinical science studies of environmental hazards.
43  cytomegalovirus/Epstein-Barr virus/influenza
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HCV (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
2010 Interleukin-7 enhances memory CD8(+) T-cell recall responses in health but its activity is impaired in human immunodeficiency virus infection.
44  antibiotics--cefaclor
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AMX-CLA (1 time)
ERY-SULF (1 time)
QALD (1 time)
1996 A cost-utility analysis of second-line antibiotics in the treatment of acute otitis media in children.
45  Callus ethyl acetate fraction
(1 time)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
LEF (1 time)
TC (1 time)
TF (1 time)
2016 Alpha-glucosidase Inhibitory and Antioxidant Potential of Antidiabetic Herb Alternanthera sessilis: Comparative Analyses of Leaf and Callus Solvent Fractions.
46  Carbon and Energy Fund
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2011 Fund offers support and expertise.
47  carbon emission factor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CFBCs (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2009 CO2 mineral sequestration in oil-shale wastes from Estonian power production.
48  carcinoma with endocrine features
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2004 Comparative study of primary mammary small cell carcinoma, carcinoma with endocrine features and invasive ductal carcinoma.
49  cardiac ejection fraction
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
NHL (1 time)
2009 High-dose sodium selenite can induce apoptosis of lymphoma cells in adult patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
50  cardiac electric field
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1989 Graphic representation of deviations of the cardiac electric field.
51  Care Excellence Framework
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
CQC (1 time)
2018 Using the Care Excellence Framework to benchmark and improve patient care.
52  caries, extraction, filling
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1989 [Characteristics of orofacial system in case of Slovene schoolchildren within four countries].
53  Carotid-esophageal fistula
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Carotid blowout and cerebral gas embolism related to bidirectional carotid-esophageal fistula: a serious complication of esophageal cancer under radiotherapy.
54  carried out to evaluate the role of radionuclide angiocardiography
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1985 Doxorubicin hydrochloride (Adriamycin) cardiotoxicity evaluated by sequential radionuclide angiocardiography.
55  Catha edulis Forsk
(1 time)
Biochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
AMR (1 time)
RMA (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of the In Vitro Efficacy of Artemisia annua, Rumex abyssinicus, and Catha edulis Forsk Extracts in Cancer and Trypanosoma brucei Cells.
56  catheter exchange with a treated fibrin sheath
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
DCP (1 time)
TDC (1 time)
2013 Fibrin sheath and its relation to subsequent events after tunneled dialysis catheter exchange.
57  Cathodic Electro-Fermentation
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
OA (1 time)
SHE (1 time)
2018 Efficient bioconversion of organic wastes to high optical activity of l-lactic acid stimulated by cathode in mixed microbial consortium.
58  cava flake
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Crude Ecklonia cava Flake Extracts Attenuate Inflammation through the Regulation of TLR4 Signaling Pathway in LPS-Induced RAW264.7 Cells.
59  caveolin-1 from the plasma membrane
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
RBP (1 time)
RRC (1 time)
1999 The "early-sorting" endocytic compartment of rat hepatocytes is involved in the intracellular pathway of caveolin-1 (VIP-21).
60  cefamandole nafate
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 2007 Synergistic activity of dispersin B and cefamandole nafate in inhibition of staphylococcal biofilm growth on polyurethanes.
61  cefepime group
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CEZ (1 time)
2001 Comparison of cefepime and ceftazidime in combination with amikacin in the empirical treatment of high-risk patients with febrile neutropenia: a prospective, randomized, multicenter study.
62  cefonicid
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
--- 1991 Therapeutic efficacy and renal effects of cefonicid in the treatment of difficult urinary tract infections.
63  cefoperazone sodium
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
5-MER (1 time)
7-ACA (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2016 Development and Validation of HPLC and HPTLC Methods for Determination of Cefoperazone and Its Related Impurities.
64  Ceforanide
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
MIC (1 time)
MP (1 time)
1988 Effects of isoniazid and of ceforanide against virulent tubercle bacilli in cultured human macrophages.
65  cefotaxime alone
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MLN (1 time)
SBD (1 time)
1990 Selective bowel decontamination results in gram-positive translocation.
66  cefotaxime and vancomycin
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
ESBL (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2008 Impact of empiric antibiotic use on development of infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase bacteria in a neonatal intensive care unit.
67  cefotaxime sodium
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MKC (1 time)
MV (1 time)
2009 Cefotaxime pharmacokinetics after oral application in the form of 3alpha,7alpha-dihydroxy-12-keto-5beta-cholanate microvesicles in rat.
68  cefoxitin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
PCC (1 time)
1993 Enhanced bioavailability of cefoxitin using palmitoylcarnitine. II. Use of directly compressed tablet formulations in the rat and dog.
69  cefpodoxime
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
CIP (1 time)
FT (1 time)
2016 TRIMETHOPRIM-SULFAMETHOXAZOLE RESISTANCE AND FOSFOMYCIN SUSCEPTIBILITY RATES IN UNCOMPLICATED URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS: TIME TO CHANGE THE ANTIMICROBIAL PREFERENCES.
70  Cefquinome
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CEF-GMS (1 time)
CEF-Inj (1 time)
2018 Preparation and evaluation of cefquinome-loaded gelatin microspheres and the pharmacokinetics in pigs.
71  cefsulodin
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AZ (1 time)
CARr (1 time)
CARs (1 time)
1980 In vitro evaluation of new penicillins and cephalosporins upon P. aeruginosa and their interaction with mecillinam.
72  Cefteram pivoxyl
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HPC-L (1 time)
Lac (1 time)
2016 Preparation of Fine Particles with Improved Solubility Using a Complex Fluidized-Bed Granulator Equipped with a Particle-Sizing Mechanism.
73  center frequency
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
DTNs (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2018 Tuning for rate and duration of frequency-modulated sweeps in the mammalian inferior colliculus.
74  cerebrospinal fluid
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
1980 Amino acid changes in a genetic strain of epileptic beagle dogs.
75  chalcone-enriched fraction
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
TBARS (1 time)
TH (1 time)
2009 Neuroprotective effects of chalcones from Myracrodruon urundeuva on 6-hydroxydopamine-induced cytotoxicity in rat mesencephalic cells.
76  Cherenkov-excited fluorescence
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
MLC (1 time)
2015 Optical cone beam tomography of Cherenkov-mediated signals for fast 3D dosimetry of x-ray photon beams in water.
77  chicken embryo fibroblast-adapted
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AC-ELISA (1 time)
HVR (1 time)
IBDV (1 time)
2002 Antigenic and molecular characterization of recent infectious bursal disease virus isolates in China.
78  chicken embryo fibroblasts primary cultures
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Study of the genetic stability of measles virus CAM-70 vaccine strain after serial passages in chicken embryo fibroblasts primary cultures.
79  chicken was almost absent in tissues and embryo fibroblasts
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
1996 In vivo and in vitro expression of a non-mammalian cyclooxygenase-1.
80  chicken-to-chicken embryo fibroblast
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FPCS (1 time)
NDV (1 time)
2005 Molecular changes of the fusion protein gene of chicken embryo fibroblast-adapted velogenic Newcastle disease virus: effect on its pathogenicity.
81  chilling at low light levels, the ratio of Y
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2011 Cyclic electron flow plays an important role in photoprotection of tropical trees illuminated at temporal chilling temperature.
82  chlorophyll-enriched fraction
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
MEK (1 time)
SM (1 time)
TEF (1 time)
2018 Interference Potential of Tannins and Chlorophylls in Zebrafish Phenotypic-Based Assays.
83  chromatographic exponential function
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2004 Optimization of the separation of a group of triazine herbicides by micellar capillary electrophoresis using experimental design and artificial neural networks.
84  CIN + enalapril maleate and folic acid tablets
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
CF (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
2018 The Protective Effects of Enalapril Maleate and Folic Acid Tablets against Contrast-Induced Nephropathy in Diabetic Rats.
85  cisplatin (60 mg/m2), epirubicin (50 mg/m2) and 5-fluorouracil (600 mg/m2)
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1989 Cisplatin, epirubicin and 5-fluorouracil combination chemotherapy for recurrent carcinoma of the salivary gland.
86  cisplatin, epirubicin, and 5-fluorouracil
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
FAM (1 time)
GBC (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2004 Chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced gallbladder cancer.
87  classical expiratory flow
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
FTN (1 time)
PN (1 time)
1982 Expiratory patterns during sleep in normal full-term and premature neonates.
88  Client Encounter Form
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 1999 The Client Encounter Form: conceptual development, reliability analysis, and clinical applications.
89  clinical encounter form
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
AMR (1 time)
1989 From forms to focus. A new teaching model in ambulatory medicine.
90  CMV, EBV and influenza
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ELISPOT (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
2009 Automation of the ELISpot assay for high-throughput detection of antigen-specific T-cell responses.
91  CMV, Epstein-Barr virus, influenza virus
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CMV (1 time)
PBMC (1 time)
PPD (1 time)
2012 Peripheral blood responses to specific antigens and CD28 in sarcoidosis.
92  CMV/EBV/Flu
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Subset- and Antigen-Specific Effects of Treg on CD8+ T Cell Responses in Chronic HIV Infection.
93  coaptation/elevation forces
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
IQR (1 time)
MDMF (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2014 Coaptation/elevation role of the middle deltoid muscle fibers: a static biomechanical pilot study using shoulder MRI.
94  coccygeal epithelial fistula
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2010 [Surgical treatment of sacrococcygeal epithelial fistula and dermoid cysts].
95  coconut endosperm fiber
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CHP (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2015 In vitro fermentation characteristics of novel fibers, coconut endosperm fiber and chicory pulp, using canine fecal inoculum.
96  cognitive-emotional forager
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2005 A neural network model of foraging decisions made under predation risk.
97  Combined Exposure Factor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CDEF (1 time)
2012 Measuring combined exposure to environmental pressures in urban areas: an air quality and noise pollution assessment approach.
98  commencement of enteral feeds
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
FEF (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2017 Early Commencement of Enteral Feeds in Gastroschisis: A Systematic Review of Literature.
99  Community and Ecosystem Function
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
BACIP (1 time)
RNA (1 time)
WWTPs (1 time)
2018 Testing wastewater treatment plant effluent effects on microbial and detritivore performance: A combined field and laboratory experiment.
100  complete enteral feed
(1 time)
Perinatal Care
(1 time)
EBM (1 time)
FI (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2017 In resource limited areas complete enteral feed in stable very low birth weight infants (1000-1500 g) started within 24 h of life can improve nutritional outcome.