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Abbreviation: CES
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cauda equina syndrome
(207 times)
Orthopedics
(49 times)
MRI (25 times)
AS (11 times)
LDH (11 times)
1986 Cauda equina syndrome: a complication of lumbar discectomy.
carboxylesterase
(193 times)
Pharmacology
(78 times)
AChE (16 times)
GST (11 times)
HLM (8 times)
1998 Cellular localization domains of a rabbit and a human carboxylesterase: influence on irinotecan (CPT-11) metabolism by the rabbit enzyme.
cranial electrical stimulation
(67 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
AD (4 times)
EMG (3 times)
LTP (3 times)
1980 [Electromedical methods for pain reduction during delivery (author's transl)].
cranial electrotherapy stimulation
(53 times)
Medicine
(10 times)
tDCS (12 times)
rTMS (7 times)
CI (6 times)
1982 Confirming evidence of an effective treatment for brain dysfunction in alcoholic patients.
cat eye syndrome
(48 times)
Genetics, Medical
(26 times)
FISH (11 times)
SMCs (4 times)
sSMC (4 times)
1975 Trisomy 22.
cardioembolic stroke
(44 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
AF (16 times)
IS (7 times)
CI (6 times)
1997 Transesophageal echocardiography in various ischemic stroke subtypes.
clinical exome sequencing
(40 times)
Genetics, Medical
(17 times)
NGS (3 times)
UAE (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2014 Clinical exome sequencing for genetic identification of rare Mendelian disorders.
Congenital esophageal stenosis
(38 times)
General Surgery
(19 times)
TBR (10 times)
EA (8 times)
FMS (5 times)
1995 Isolated congenital esophageal stenosis.
carbohydrate-electrolyte solution
(31 times)
Sports Medicine
(19 times)
WAT (4 times)
TT (3 times)
BM (2 times)
1998 The effect of different rehydration drinks on post-exercise electrolyte excretion in trained athletes.
10  Cholesterol embolization syndrome
(25 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
AKI (1 time)
CB (1 time)
CCs (1 time)
1992 Cholesterol emboli neuropathy.
11  clinical ethics support
(18 times)
Ethics
(14 times)
MCD (6 times)
CEGD (1 time)
CESS (1 time)
2011 Evidence - competence - discourse: the theoretical framework of the multi-centre clinical ethics support project METAP.
12  contrast-enhanced sonography
(18 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
EE (5 times)
TE (3 times)
CDUS (2 times)
2004 Contrast-enhanced sonographic detection of vesicoureteral reflux in children: comparison with voiding cystourethrography.
13  cervical erector spinae
(16 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
UT (7 times)
EMG (4 times)
SCM (3 times)
2005 A segmentation approach to long duration surface EMG recordings.
14  cultural ecosystem services
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
PPGIS (2 times)
CLC (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2015 A protocol for eliciting nonmaterial values through a cultural ecosystem services frame.
15  Centrality of Event Scale
(14 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
PTSD (5 times)
BAI (1 time)
BDI-II (1 time)
2006 The centrality of event scale: a measure of integrating a trauma into one's identity and its relation to post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms.
16  cumulative embryo score
(14 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(5 times)
MSTE (3 times)
ICSI (2 times)
IVF (2 times)
1992 Psychomotor testing and the ability to perform an anastomosis in junior surgical trainees.
17  Combat Exposure Scale
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
PTSD (11 times)
CAPS (5 times)
CTQ (2 times)
1997 Psychiatric morbidity in Australian veterans of the United Nations peacekeeping force in Somalia.
18  central executive system
(10 times)
Brain
(3 times)
WM (6 times)
TBI (4 times)
ABT (1 time)
1995 The neural basis of the central executive system of working memory.
19  chick embryonic skin
(10 times)
Virology
(3 times)
FPV (3 times)
BP (1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
1978 Chick embryonic skin as a rapid organ culture assay for cellular neoplasia.
20  Coercion Experience Scale
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
AES (3 times)
CL (2 times)
GAF (2 times)
2010 "Coercion Experience Scale" (CES)--validation of a questionnaire on coercive measures.
21  critical effect size
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
BMD (3 times)
POD (3 times)
BMR (2 times)
2001 Critical effect sizes in toxicological risk assessment: a comprehensive and critical evaluation.
22  central excitatory state
(9 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
--- 1981 Selection for central excitatory state (CES) in the blow fly Phormia regina.
23  carboxyethylsilanetriol sodium salt
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
TEOS (4 times)
PMOs (3 times)
MB (2 times)
2009 A simple one-pot route to mesoporous silicas SBA-15 functionalized with exceptionally high loadings of pendant carboxylic acid groups.
24  Care Evaluation Scale
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
PCUs (2 times)
QOL (2 times)
GDI (1 time)
2004 Measuring the quality of structure and process in end-of-life care from the bereaved family perspective.
25  Coaching Efficacy Scale
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
SEM (2 times)
ADQ (1 time)
CAT-1 (1 time)
1997 The Caring Efficacy Scale: nurses' self-reports of caring in practice settings.
26  Chronic Ear Survey
(7 times)
Otolaryngology
(6 times)
CSOM (5 times)
CES-I (1 time)
CUR (1 time)
2000 Outcomes assessment for chronic otitis media: the Chronic Ear Survey.
27  Commitment to Exercise Scale
(7 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
AN (4 times)
CET (3 times)
BDI (1 time)
2007 Physical activity and cortisol in anorexia nervosa.
28  conditioned emotional stimulus
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BZD (1 time)
CER (1 time)
DBI (1 time)
1983 Strain differences in fear between spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive rats.
29  Consumer Expenditure Survey
(6 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
NSS (2 times)
CE (1 time)
dis (1 time)
1995 Expenditure patterns by age and income among mature adults: does age matter?
30  Cooperative Extension System
(6 times)
Education
(1 time)
MSU (1 time)
1988 Mortality among agricultural extension agents.
31  Carer Experience Scale
(5 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
CarerQol (2 times)
ASCOT-Carer (1 time)
CSI (1 time)
2014 An investigation into the construct validity of the Carer Experience Scale (CES).
32  Classroom Environment Scale
(5 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
FES (1 time)
1982 Student perception of school environment and its relationship to mood, achievement, popularity, and adjustment.
33  coaxial electrospray
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
MPs (2 times)
PLGA (2 times)
AMD (1 time)
2015 Coaxial Electrospray of Curcumin-Loaded Microparticles for Sustained Drug Release.
34  Customized Employment Supports
(5 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(4 times)
SUD (1 time)
2004 A new work placement model for unemployed methadone maintenance patients.
35  Center for Epidemiologic Studies
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CRH (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
MMSE (1 time)
1990 A comparison of homeless, community-wide, and selected distressed samples on the CES-Depression Scale.
36  clinical ethics service
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
--- 2016 A Qualitative Study of US Clinical Ethics Services: Objectives and Outcomes.
37  Clinical Evaluation Scale
(4 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CHC (1 time)
DS (1 time)
FMF (1 time)
2003 USMLE Step 1 and 2 scores correlate with family medicine clinical and examination scores.
38  closed ecological system
(4 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(3 times)
--- 1999 Optimum control of closed ecological systems: mathematical aspects.
39  closed ecosystem
(4 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1994 Indications and counterindications for applying different versions of closed ecosystems for space and terrestrial problems of life support.
40  composite equilibrium score
(4 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
CDP (2 times)
SOT (2 times)
ADHD (1 time)
2013 Computerized dynamic posturography analysis of balance in individuals with a shoulder stabilization sling.
41  Compulsive Eating Scale
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BDI (1 time)
FCQ (1 time)
TFEQ-R18 (1 time)
2016 Reliability and Validity of the Persian Version of Compulsive Eating Scale (CES) in Overweight or Obese Women and Its Relationship with Some Body Composition and Dietary Intake Variables.
42  cell sheets
(3 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CFE (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
EpiSCs (1 time)
2017 Cultured epidermal stem cells in regenerative medicine.
43  Cenderitide-Eluting Stent
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ISR (2 times)
DESs (1 time)
HCASMCs (1 time)
2014 In vitro evaluation of cenderitide-eluting stent I -an antirestenosis and proendothelization approach.
44  Central and Eastern Sydney
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
GPMP (2 times)
MBS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2019 Understanding the use and impact of allied health services for people with chronic health conditions in Central and Eastern Sydney, Australia: a five-year longitudinal analysis.
45  cerebral extracellular space
(3 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
--- 1993 Penetration of rifampicin into the brain tissue and cerebral extracellular space of rats.
46  charge exchange spectroscopy
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CCD (1 time)
KSTAR (1 time)
2009 Ion-water hydrogen-bond switching observed with 2D IR vibrational echo chemical exchange spectroscopy.
47  cholesterol ester synthetase
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
LCAT (2 times)
LPL (2 times)
TG (2 times)
1993 Effect of sodium pentosan polysulphate on tissue lipids in control and glycollate treated rats.
48  chromatin entry sites
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Ago2 (1 time)
DHS (1 time)
LBC (1 time)
2004 Multiple classes of MSL binding sites target dosage compensation to the X chromosome of Drosophila.
49  Cis Enhancing Sequence
(3 times)
Virology
(2 times)
CTE (2 times)
MPMV (1 time)
2005 HIV-1 Cis Enhancing Sequence (CES) enhances CTE-dependent Gag expression.
50  cis-epoxysuccinate
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
CESH (1 time)
2006 Continuous production of L(+)-tartaric acid from cis-epoxysuccinate using a membrane recycle reactor.
51  Classroom Engagement Survey
(3 times)
Education, Medical
(1 time)
TBL (2 times)
RM-ANOVA (1 time)
SDLI (1 time)
2014 The effects of Team-Based Learning on learning behaviors in the maternal-child nursing course.
52  clinician estimates of survival
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
AS (2 times)
PPS (1 time)
1999 The relative accuracy of the clinical estimation of the duration of life for patients with end of life cancer.
53  Cochin estuarine system
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Cd (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
EST (1 time)
2014 Spatial budgetary evaluation of organochlorine contaminants in the sediments of Cochin Estuary, India.
54  Combat Experiences Scale
(3 times)
Military Medicine
(2 times)
PCL-M (2 times)
PTSD (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
2013 Dimensionality, reliability, and validity of the combat experiences scale.
55  Companeros En Salud
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
ENARM (1 time)
NCDs (1 time)
2014 Service, training, mentorship: first report of an innovative education-support program to revitalize primary care social service in Chiapas, Mexico.
56  contralateral erector spinae
(3 times)
Manipulation, Chiropractic
(1 time)
IES (3 times)
PHE (3 times)
EMG (2 times)
2011 Altered muscular activation during prone hip extension in women with and without low back pain.
57  calving-ease scores
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BL (1 time)
CVS (1 time)
HG (1 time)
2006 Gestational, periparturient and preweaning growth traits of Holstein versus Gir x Holstein F1 crossbred dairy calves born to Holstein dams.
58  candidiasis endocrinopathy syndrome
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1991 [Mycoses and adrenocortical function. New pathogenetic aspects of adrenal hypofunction].
59  cauda epididymal sperm
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
Abs (1 time)
CEF (1 time)
EJS (1 time)
1985 Alterations in motility and metabolism associated with sperm interaction with accessory sex gland fluids.
60  caudal epididymal semen
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
KRP (2 times)
NAG (1 time)
1999 Relationship between motility and oxygen consumption of sperm from the cauda epididymides of the rat.
61  cell exclusion spacers
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CytoD (1 time)
2018 Three-Dimensional Printing of Cell Exclusion Spacers (CES) for Use in Motility Assays.
62  cell expansion system
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
GMP (1 time)
HPL (1 time)
MSC (1 time)
2013 Good manufacturing practice-compliant animal-free expansion of human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stroma cells in a closed hollow-fiber-based bioreactor.
63  cerivastatin-eluting stent
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ACh (1 time)
BMS (1 time)
CER (1 time)
2008 Effectiveness of statin-eluting stent on early inflammatory response and neointimal thickness in a porcine coronary model.
64  CESTA
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
BRs (2 times)
CBF (1 time)
COR (1 time)
2014 Interplay between phosphorylation and SUMOylation events determines CESTA protein fate in brassinosteroid signalling.
65  chicken embryonic stem
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Identification of a new gene family specifically expressed in chicken embryonic stem cells and early embryo.
66  Clean Energy Standard
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CAT (2 times)
GHG (1 time)
2015 A self-consistent method to assess air quality co-benefits from U.S. climate policies.
67  closed endotracheal suctioning
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
OES (2 times)
VAP (2 times)
ICU (1 time)
2007 Comparison of closed endotracheal suction versus open endotracheal suction in the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia in intensive care patients: an evaluation using meta-analytic techniques.
68  Cognitive Escape Scale
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
gbMSM (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
2008 The Cognitive Escape Scale: measuring HIV-related thought avoidance.
69  common effect size
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
QES (2 times)
ADD1 (1 time)
AGTR1 (1 time)
2019 Aberrant Epigenomic Modulation of Glucocorticoid Receptor Gene (NR3C1) in Early Life Stress and Major Depressive Disorder Correlation: Systematic Review and Quantitative Evidence Synthesis.
70  Communicative Effectiveness Survey
(2 times)
Speech Disorders
(1 time)
PD (2 times)
CPIB (1 time)
SLT (1 time)
2008 The communicative effectiveness survey: preliminary evidence of construct validity.
71  community-engaged scholarship
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
CTSA (1 time)
2011 CES4Health.info: an online tool for peer reviewed publication and dissemination of diverse products of community-engaged scholarship.
72  composite error score
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
GRS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
MRT (1 time)
2015 Visuospatial Ability as a Predictor of Novice Performance in Ultrasound-guided Regional Anesthesia.
73  comprehensive ecosystem service
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ESs (2 times)
AMA (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2017 Spatiotemporal assessment and trade-offs of multiple ecosystem services based on land use changes in Zengcheng, China.
74  constant elasticity of substitution
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2019 Differential discounting in the economic evaluation of healthcare programs.
75  corona electrostatic separation
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PCB (2 times)
2008 Optimizing the operating parameters of corona electrostatic separation for recycling waste scraped printed circuit boards by computer simulation of electric field.
76  corrosive esophageal stricture
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
THE (1 time)
2002 Trans-oral irrigation for the management of cervical esophagogastric anastomotic leak.
77  cost-effectiveness studies
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2020 An analysis of the effectiveness outcomes of economic studies evaluating ophthalmic drugs: a systematic review.
78  Course Evaluation Summary
(2 times)
Education, Nursing
(1 time)
UoD (1 time)
2015 Health Science students' evaluation of courses and Instructors: the effect of response rate and class size interaction.
79  cryogenic electrospun scaffolds
(2 times)
Nanomedicine
(1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2009 In vitro cell infiltration and in vivo cell infiltration and vascularization in a fibrous, highly porous poly(D,L-lactide) scaffold fabricated by cryogenic electrospinning technique.
80  cultured epithelial sheets
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CAS (1 time)
TGF-alpha, TGF-beta (1 time)
1987 Ultrastructural studies of cultured human epithelial sheets used as skin allografts.
81  curious experiences survey
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(2 times)
MAST (2 times)
ASQ (1 time)
RAAS (1 time)
2018 Relationship Between Attachment Style in Adulthood, Alexithymia, and Dissociation in Alcohol Use Disorder Inpatients. Mediational Model.
82  cystathionine gamma-lyase
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
3-MST (1 time)
CBS (1 time)
CSE (1 time)
2014 Correlation between the cystathionine-gamma-lyase (CES) and the severity of peptic ulcer disease.
83  calcined electroplating sludge
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2017 Electroplating sludge derived zinc-ferrite catalyst for the efficient photo-Fenton degradation of dye.
84  California encephalitis serocomplex
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 2008 [Phylogenetic analysis of the nucleotide sequences of Chatanga virus strains, the new representative of California encephalitis serocomplex, isolated in different regions of the Russian Federation].
85  Canal Endoscopic Scale
(1 time)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
EAC (1 time)
2019 Endoscopic classification of the external auditory canal for transcanal endoscopic ear surgery.
86  Cancer Epidemiology Supplement
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2001 Vitamin/mineral supplementation among cancer survivors: 1987 and 1992 National Health Interview Surveys.
87  cancer etiology study
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DOL (1 time)
2004 Driver's licenses as a source of data on height and weight.
88  capillary electrophoresis system
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2016 Potential use of cord blood for Hb E hemoglobinopathy screening programme using capillary electrophoresis.
89  carbohydrate-electrolyte sports drink
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
--- 2007 Caffeinated sports drink: ergogenic effects and possible mechanisms.
90  carbon extraction and sequestration
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2017 Well below 2 C: Mitigation strategies for avoiding dangerous to catastrophic climate changes.
91  carboxyethyl spermine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
CEL (1 time)
MG (1 time)
2017 Effect of spermine-derived AGEs on oxidative stress and polyamine metabolism.
92  carboxylesterase enzymes
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PK (1 time)
2015 Impact of obesity on accumulation of the toxic irinotecan metabolite, SN-38, in mice.
93  carboxylic ester hydrolyzable by carboxylesterases
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
P-I (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2014 Pegylation improves the pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of small-molecule drugs hydrolyzable by esterases: a study of phospho-Ibuprofen.
94  Carcinoembryonic antigens
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1972 [Carcinoembryonic antigens (CES) in malignant tumors of the colon and rectum].
95  cardiac electrical stability
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
VF (1 time)
2004 Effect of stress induced by electrical stimulation of the hypothalamus on the electrical stability of the heart in rabbits.
96  cardioembolic ischemic stroke
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DCMP (1 time)
2016 [Dilated cardiomyopathy as a cause of ischemic stroke].
97  cardioexcitatory substance
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2006 Cardiovascular excitatory effect on rats of a fraction isolated from the eyestalk of shrimp: Peneaus vanameii.
98  cardiopathogenic emotional stress
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1991 [The effect of substance P on the individual and group behaviors of rhesus monkeys].
99  Career Exploration Survey
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
ISCEI (1 time)
2010 [Evaluation of the Initial Stage Career Exploration Inventory (ISCEI)].
100  Caregiver Empowerment Scale
(1 time)
Disabled Persons
(1 time)
TBI (1 time)
2011 Development and validation of the Caregiver Empowerment Scale: a resource for working with family caregivers of persons with traumatic brain injury.