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Abbreviation: CF
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Long forms: 1133

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cystic fibrosis
(14200 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3799 times)
CFTR (1900 times)
PA (222 times)
FEV1 (204 times)
0 [Diagnostics of cystic fibrosis in adults].
complement fixation
(845 times)
Microbiology
(160 times)
ELISA (114 times)
HI (85 times)
CMV (62 times)
1963 Suppression of allergic encephalomyelitis in rats by means of antibrain serum.
characteristic frequency
(401 times)
Audiology
(188 times)
AI (28 times)
BM (25 times)
IC (25 times)
1975 Organization and development of brain stem auditory nuclei of the chicken: organization of projections from n. magnocellularis to n. laminaris.
coronary flow
(341 times)
Cardiology
(109 times)
HR (85 times)
LVDP (75 times)
LVP (41 times)
1976 Prostaglandin E2 and cyclic AMP in the coronary vasodilatation due to cardiac hyperactivity.
carboxyfluorescein
(336 times)
Biochemistry
(95 times)
PC (19 times)
DPPC (17 times)
EPC (11 times)
1979 The use of aqueous space markers to determine the mechanism of interaction between phospholipid vesicles and cells.
climbing fiber
(189 times)
Neurology
(104 times)
PF (67 times)
PC (47 times)
PCs (47 times)
1971 Spontaneous activity of cerebellar Purkinje cells and their responses to impulses in climbing fibres.
cationized ferritin
(187 times)
Cell Biology
(63 times)
HRP (25 times)
NF (18 times)
AF (7 times)
1975 The binding of cationized ferritin at the surfaces of ehrlich ascites tumor cells: the effect of pH and glutaraldehyde fixation.
contact force
(156 times)
Cardiology
(113 times)
AF (60 times)
PVI (45 times)
RF (34 times)
2000 Effects of varying central command and muscle mass on the cardiovascular responses to isometric exercise.
chloroform
(138 times)
Environmental Health
(58 times)
CT (42 times)
TCE (20 times)
DCM (11 times)
1989 1,2-Dibromoethane and chloroform in the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri): studies on the distribution of nonvolatile and irreversibly bound metabolites.
10  concentration factor
(138 times)
Environmental Health
(50 times)
MF (6 times)
TDD (5 times)
SP (4 times)
1978 Analysis of left and right ventricular size and shape, as determined from human casts. Description of the method and its validation.
11  continuous flow
(119 times)
Cardiology
(30 times)
LVAD (30 times)
LVADs (20 times)
PF (13 times)
1979 Antagonistic effects of Bacillus natto and Streptococcus faecalis on growth of Candida albicans.
12  culture filtrate
(111 times)
Microbiology
(33 times)
ELISA (7 times)
SA (7 times)
BCG (6 times)
1971 Biological characteristics of Clostridium perfringens type A enterotoxin.
13  cardiac fibroblasts
(92 times)
Cardiology
(28 times)
ECM (17 times)
Ang II (12 times)
MI (9 times)
2002 Myocardial fibrosis in chronic aortic regurgitation: molecular and cellular responses to volume overload.
14  carbon fiber
(91 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(21 times)
SEM (7 times)
CVD (4 times)
GF (4 times)
1983 Application of carbon fiber (CF)-cloth reinforcement to upper complete denture base.
15  contamination factor
(91 times)
Environmental Health
(77 times)
EF (42 times)
PLI (35 times)
Cr (9 times)
2000 Use of native and transplanted mosses as complementary techniques for biomonitoring mercury around an industrial facility.
16  condition factor
(86 times)
Environmental Health
(41 times)
GSI (18 times)
HSI (18 times)
AChE (12 times)
1982 Identification of early carcinogen-induced changes in nutritional and substrate requirements in cultured tracheal epithelial cells.
17  crude fibre
(79 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(47 times)
CP (38 times)
DM (30 times)
EE (28 times)
1986 Prediction of metabolizable energy of broiler diets from chemical analysis.
18  chronic fatigue
(77 times)
Psychiatry
(14 times)
CFS (28 times)
IBS (7 times)
CI (5 times)
1994 The differential response of chronic fatigue, neurotic and muscular dystrophy patients to experimental psychological stress.
19  complementary feeding
(77 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(52 times)
EBF (9 times)
BF (7 times)
OR (5 times)
1997 Age at introduction of complementary food and physical growth from 2 to 9 months in rural Senegal.
20  non-cystic fibrosis
(76 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(45 times)
HRCT (5 times)
CFTR (3 times)
CI (3 times)
1994 Protection of human respiratory epithelium from Pseudomonas aeruginosa adherence by phosphatidylglycerol liposomes.
21  cytotoxic factor
(69 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(29 times)
TNF (6 times)
LPS (5 times)
i.c (3 times)
1980 Characterization of the cytotoxic factor produced in the spleen of dengue virus-infected mice.
22  conventional fractionation
(66 times)
Neoplasms
(52 times)
HF (15 times)
RT (15 times)
AF (10 times)
1986 Different fractionation schedules in radiation treatment of cerebral metastases.
23  caffeine
(64 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
TB (11 times)
TP (10 times)
MP (6 times)
1976 Effect of processing technique of different dosage forms on dissolution rate of caffeine and salicylamide.
24  charcoal-filtered air
(57 times)
Environmental Health
(47 times)
NF (37 times)
AA (9 times)
OTCs (8 times)
1988 Influence of ozone stress on growth processes, yields and grain quality characteristics among soybean cultivars.
25  constant frequency
(53 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
FM (25 times)
IC (4 times)
MGB (3 times)
1977 Amplitude spectrum representation in the Doppler-shifted-CF processing area of the auditory cortex of the mustache bat.
26  caries-free
(50 times)
Dentistry
(32 times)
S-ECC (22 times)
CA (17 times)
ECC (8 times)
1986 Immunological cross-reactivity of anionic proteins from caries-free and caries-active salivas which differ in biological properties toward oral streptococci.
27  counting fingers
(50 times)
Ophthalmology
(38 times)
VA (12 times)
BCVA (11 times)
HM (10 times)
1989 Long-term visual results of vitreous surgery in diabetic eye disease.
28  crystal-field
(50 times)
Chemistry
(18 times)
CT (10 times)
SH (6 times)
ZFS (5 times)
2002 The extended version of the computer package CST for conversions, standardization and transformations of the spin Hamiltonian and the crystal-field Hamiltonian.
29  contractile force
(48 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
HR (6 times)
APD (5 times)
NE (5 times)
1976 The effect of the pattern of cardiac sympathetic activity on myocardial contractile force and norepinephrine overflow in the dog heart.
30  ciprofloxacin
(46 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
EF (9 times)
AUC (4 times)
NF (4 times)
1991 Biopharmaceutic evaluation of some 4-quinolone derivatives.
31  cognitive function
(45 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
QOL (9 times)
ART (4 times)
HRQoL (4 times)
1995 A prospective multicenter assessment of the Edmonton staging system for cancer pain.
32  Canadian Forces
(43 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(13 times)
PTSD (4 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
MVC (2 times)
1975 Helmets and head protection in CF ejections 1967-1973.
33  center frequency
(43 times)
Audiology
(13 times)
FFT (5 times)
EMG (4 times)
AMSA (3 times)
1978 Cochlear travelling wave velocities calculated from the derived components of the cochlear nerve and brainstem evoked responses of the human auditory system.
34  conversion factor
(43 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
GM (7 times)
GMO (5 times)
RSDr (4 times)
1992 The Medicare Fee Schedule unveiled: an account of physician payment reform.
35  compassion fatigue
(42 times)
Nursing
(19 times)
BO (15 times)
CS (15 times)
STS (9 times)
2004 Compassion fatigue following the September 11 terrorist attacks: a study of secondary trauma among New York City social workers.
36  competence factor
(38 times)
Bacteriology
(11 times)
DAS (6 times)
CR (3 times)
MV (3 times)
1970 Competence factor production in chemically defined media by noncompetent cells of group H Streptococcus strain Challis.
37  conventional freezing
(36 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
DF (3 times)
OF (3 times)
WUE (3 times)
1985 Effect of moderate to very low fat defined formula diets on serum lipids in healthy subjects.
38  counting factor
(36 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
cAMP (1 time)
CFNSA (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1966 Serological reactions associated with the clumping factor of Staphylococcus aureus.
39  cardiac failure
(35 times)
Therapeutics
(8 times)
IHD (3 times)
LAD (2 times)
MI (2 times)
1980 Albuminuria and the permselective properties of the glomerulus in cardiac failure.
40  carbon felt
(34 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
HRP (5 times)
EF (4 times)
ADE (3 times)
2007 Carbon felt-based bioelectrocatalytic flow detectors: highly sensitive amperometric determination of hydrogen peroxide using adsorbed peroxidase and thionine.
41  cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
DCF (9 times)
CR (3 times)
TTP (3 times)
1992 Clinical and laboratory evaluation of the myeloprotective effect of medroxyprogesterone acetate in head and neck cancer.
42  clofibrate
(31 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
PB (11 times)
PPs (5 times)
DEN (3 times)
1984 Effects of the hepatocarcinogenic peroxisome-proliferating hypolipidemic agents clofibrate and nafenopin on the rat liver cell membrane enzymes gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase and alkaline phosphatase and on the early stages of liver carcinogenesis.
43  colonization factor
(30 times)
Microbiology
(13 times)
ETEC (28 times)
LT (6 times)
ST (5 times)
1977 Special O:K:H serotypes among enterotoxigenic E. coli strains from diarrhea in adults and children. Occurrence of the CF (colonization factor) antigen and of hemagglutinating abilities.
44  case fatality
(28 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AMI (6 times)
LBW (3 times)
mRS (3 times)
1997 Population versus clinical view of case fatality from acute coronary heart disease: results from the WHO MONICA Project 1985-1990. Multinational MONItoring of Trends and Determinants in CArdiovascular Disease.
45  conductive filament
(28 times)
Nanotechnology
(18 times)
RS (8 times)
CBRAM (5 times)
RRAM (5 times)
2010 Controllable growth of nanoscale conductive filaments in solid-electrolyte-based ReRAM by using a metal nanocrystal covered bottom electrode.
46  control-fed
(28 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
MR (5 times)
AUC (2 times)
CR (2 times)
1989 Dietary thyrotropin-releasing hormone stimulates growth rate and increases the insulin: glucagon molar ratio of broiler chickens.
47  calcium folinate
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
5-FU (12 times)
HD-MTX (4 times)
PR (3 times)
1990 Effects of formic acid or calcium formate in feed on performance and microbiological characteristics of broilers.
48  citrovorum factor
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
MTX (21 times)
CR (3 times)
5-FU (2 times)
1977 Regulatory control of tetrahydrofolate coenzymes in folate auxotrophs.
49  carbon footprint
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
GHG (13 times)
LCA (7 times)
CO2e (2 times)
2011 Potential for improving the carbon footprint of butter and blend products.
50  coelomic fluid
(24 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
SM (3 times)
AF (2 times)
CL (2 times)
1990 Complement-like activity in the sea star, Asterias forbesi.
51  chemical fertilizer
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
CFM (3 times)
OF (3 times)
SOC (3 times)
2003 [Integrated effect of incorporation with different organic manures on CH4 and N2O emissions from rice paddy].
52  crevicular fluid
(23 times)
Dentistry
(20 times)
PGE2 (3 times)
BLOSS (2 times)
CO (2 times)
1980 Bacteriolytic activity of human gingival exudate.
53  cyst fluid
(22 times)
Parasitology
(9 times)
TsM (4 times)
NC (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
1978 Distribution of beta2-microglobulin in cerebrospinal fluid and in cystic fluid of brain tumors. A preliminary study.
54  carbofuran
(21 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
SOD (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
CHO (2 times)
1981 Mutagenicity of N-nitroso derivatives of carbofuran and its toxic metabolites.
55  cardiac frequency
(21 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
BHS (2 times)
BP (2 times)
DAP (2 times)
1980 [Althesin in cesarean section].
56  clastogenic factor
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
ACS (3 times)
MDA (2 times)
PMA (2 times)
1982 Tumor promoter phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces a clastogenic factor in human lymphocytes.
57  continuous flooding
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
AWD (7 times)
GHG (3 times)
GHGI (2 times)
2006 Partial flooding enhances aeration in adventitious roots of black willow (Salix nigra) cuttings.
58  core factor
(20 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
UAF (7 times)
Pol I (6 times)
TBP (4 times)
1985 Role of cord factor in the modulation of infection caused by mycobacteria.
59  clinical failure
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
BF (9 times)
PSA (7 times)
EBRT (4 times)
2002 Practical application of biochemical failure definitions: what to do and when to do it.
60  compression force
(18 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
RANKL (5 times)
hPDL (3 times)
OPG (3 times)
2000 Effect of some physical parameters on the sustained drug-release properties of substituted amylose matrices.
61  cortical fibroblasts
(18 times)
Nephrology
(8 times)
PTC (6 times)
IGF-I (5 times)
ECM (3 times)
1991 Fibroblasts of rabbit kidney in culture. I. Characterization and identification of cell-specific markers.
62  cascade filtration
(17 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
FFP (2 times)
FH (2 times)
PE (2 times)
1983 Cascade filtration: clinical application in 26 patients with immune complex and IgM mediated diseases.
63  chloroform fraction
(17 times)
Biology
(4 times)
AF (5 times)
EAF (5 times)
HF (3 times)
2008 Effect of lipid extracted from tsao-ko (Amomum tsao-ko Crevost et Lemaire) on digestive enzyme activity, antioxidant activity, plasma and liver lipids, and blood glucose levels of mice.
64  cocoa flavanol
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
FMD (5 times)
NO (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2006 Chronic consumption of flavanol-rich cocoa improves endothelial function and decreases vascular cell adhesion molecule in hypercholesterolemic postmenopausal women.
65  coagulation-flocculation
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
COD (3 times)
OSPW (3 times)
ECF (2 times)
2005 Acute toxicity removal in textile finishing wastewater by Fenton's oxidation, ozone and coagulation-flocculation processes.
66  crude fat
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
GE (3 times)
CA (2 times)
CP (2 times)
1999 Effect of amino acid injection in broiler breeder eggs on embryonic growth and hatchability of chicks.
67  Cytophaga-Flavobacteria
(15 times)
Microbiology
(11 times)
FISH (5 times)
DGGE (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
2000 Changes in community composition during dilution cultures of marine bacterioplankton as assessed by flow cytometric and molecular biological techniques.
68  commercial formulation
(14 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
MEFs (3 times)
EC (2 times)
PK (2 times)
2007 Norflurazon mobility, dissipation, activity, and persistence in a sandy soil as influenced by formulation.
69  common fibular
(14 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
US (5 times)
CSA (3 times)
CSAs (3 times)
2005 Axon regeneration in peripheral nerves is enhanced by proteoglycan degradation.
70  cystic fibrosis patients
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
AS (1 time)
CAZ (1 time)
CFRD (1 time)
1985 Thermal sweat lactate in cystic fibrosis and in normal children.
71  calibration factor
(13 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
AQC (1 time)
CIC (1 time)
1992 A model for radon gas adsorption on charcoal for open-faced canisters in an active environment.
72  chemotactic factor
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
PMN (3 times)
BC (2 times)
HC (2 times)
1979 Motility and adhesiveness in human neutrophils. Effects of chemotactic factors.
73  chromatofocusing
(13 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
IEF (3 times)
ER (2 times)
NPS-RP-HPLC (2 times)
1983 Separation of acid phosphatases in the rat ventral prostate by gel filtration, isoelectric focusing, and chromatofocusing.
74  cloud fraction
(13 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
RI (2 times)
USD (2 times)
ARM (1 time)
2009 Ultrasound colour Doppler measurements in a single joint as measure of disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis--assessment of concurrent validity.
75  collaborative filtering
(13 times)
Science
(3 times)
ADM (1 time)
AutAI (1 time)
CBCF (1 time)
2008 A New Adaptive Framework for Collaborative Filtering Prediction.
76  coniferous forest
(13 times)
Science
(6 times)
EBF (5 times)
AM (4 times)
BF (3 times)
2008 Fungal diversity of Norway spruce litter: effects of site conditions and premature leaf fall caused by bark beetle outbreak.
77  control females
(13 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CM (5 times)
TF (3 times)
IM (2 times)
1991 Ultrastructural evidence of a sexual dimorphism in the neuropil of the medial preoptic nucleus of the rat: a quantitative study.
78  calcaneofibular
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
ATF (7 times)
ATaF (3 times)
MR (2 times)
1986 Stress examination of traumatized lateral ligaments of the ankle.
79  chlorophyll fluorescence
(12 times)
Botany
(5 times)
PSII (3 times)
GE (2 times)
ALF (1 time)
2002 Vegetation stress detection through chlorophyll a + b estimation and fluorescence effects on hyperspectral imagery.
80  chow-fed
(12 times)
Brain
(3 times)
PF (6 times)
PAE (5 times)
EtOH (3 times)
1995 Gonadotropin-releasing hormone mRNA and gonadotropin beta-subunit mRNA expression in the adult female rat exposed to ethanol in utero.
81  colostrum-fed
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
CD (10 times)
LPS (3 times)
Ig (2 times)
1975 Antibody responses to neonatal immunisation in calves.
82  cardiac fibrosis
(11 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
HF (5 times)
MI (2 times)
AAV (1 time)
2005 Serum TGF-beta 1 and TNF-alpha levels and cardiac fibrosis in experimental chronic renal failure.
83  constant flow
(11 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CP (8 times)
ECM (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1985 Effects of arachidonate on permeability and resistance distribution in canine lungs.
84  coronary blood flow
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
HR (6 times)
CO (3 times)
MAP (3 times)
1977 Effects of increased cardiac mechanical performances on flow rates of cardiac lymph in dogs.
85  cardiorespiratory fitness
(10 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
PA (2 times)
RTR (2 times)
AGT (1 time)
2005 Assessment of the effects of eleutherococcus senticosus on endurance performance.
86  chicken fat
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
BT (4 times)
FO (3 times)
HSBO (3 times)
1981 Acceptability and digestibility by adult cats of diets made with various sources and levels of fat.
87  circulatory failure
(10 times)
Therapeutics
(5 times)
CHF (1 time)
DRHD (1 time)
ER (1 time)
1985 [Effects of ethmozine and ethacizin on the central hemodynamics, peripheral vascular tonus and tissue oxygenation in patients with ventricular rhythm disorders and cardiac insufficiency].
88  coffee
(10 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
DW (3 times)
RW (3 times)
WT (3 times)
2010 Effect of staining solutions on discoloration of resin nanocomposites.
89  collagen fibers
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
NC (2 times)
SM (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2001 Diagnosis of human coronary atherosclerosis by morphology-based Raman spectroscopy.
90  Core fucosylation
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
HCC (2 times)
AHEF (1 time)
ALC (1 time)
2009 A strategy for precise and large scale identification of core fucosylated glycoproteins.
91  cross-fostering
(10 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ABRs (1 time)
AF (1 time)
BF (1 time)
1986 Fetomaternal kinetics of 14C-trimethyltin.
92  Case formulation
(9 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
CBT (2 times)
PD (2 times)
CAFIRA (1 time)
2003 Impact of case formulation in cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis.
93  cerebrospinal fluid
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CNS (2 times)
ART (1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
1985 [Need for the determination of chloramphenicol levels in the treatment of bacterial-purulent meningitis with chloramphenicol succinate in infants and small children].
94  colony formation
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
HNSCC (3 times)
Ab-C (1 time)
B-LCLs (1 time)
1977 The detection of in vitro monocyte-macrophage colony-forming cells in mouse thymus and lymph nodes.
95  cytotoxic protein factor(s)
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
LPS (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
ActD (1 time)
1984 Purification of cytostatic protein factors released from human monocytes.
96  Cognitive fatigue
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
PASAT (5 times)
MS (3 times)
ABI (1 time)
2012 Detecting cognitive fatigue in multiple sclerosis: method matters.
97  calcium fructoborate
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
BA (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2005 In vitro evaluation of the antioxidant activity of calcium fructoborate.
98  Category Fluency
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (3 times)
BNT (2 times)
LF (2 times)
2005 Effect of an enriched drink on cognitive function in frail elderly persons.
99  caudofemoralis
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
EDL (3 times)
6-MP (2 times)
TPN (2 times)
1982 Glucocorticoid-induced atrophy is not due to impaired excitability of rat muscle.
100  characterization factors
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
LCA (4 times)
ACF (1 time)
CTP (1 time)
2010 Transformation products in the life cycle impact assessment of chemicals.