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Abbreviation: CF
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Long forms: 1318

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cystic fibrosis
(16769 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4519 times)
CFTR (2329 times)
PA (275 times)
FEV1 (270 times)
1964 COMPARISON OF SOME PROPERTIES OF PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA ISOLATED FROM INFECTIONS IN PERSONS WITH AND WITHOUT CYSTIC FIBROSIS.
complement fixation
(852 times)
Microbiology
(161 times)
ELISA (114 times)
HI (86 times)
CMV (62 times)
1963 Suppression of allergic encephalomyelitis in rats by means of antibrain serum.
characteristic frequency
(413 times)
Audiology
(189 times)
AI (28 times)
IC (27 times)
BM (25 times)
1975 Organization and development of brain stem auditory nuclei of the chicken: organization of projections from n. magnocellularis to n. laminaris.
coronary flow
(360 times)
Cardiology
(112 times)
HR (94 times)
LVDP (79 times)
LVP (41 times)
1976 Prostaglandin E2 and cyclic AMP in the coronary vasodilatation due to cardiac hyperactivity.
carboxyfluorescein
(351 times)
Biochemistry
(94 times)
PC (19 times)
DPPC (17 times)
EPC (11 times)
1979 The use of aqueous space markers to determine the mechanism of interaction between phospholipid vesicles and cells.
contact force
(234 times)
Cardiology
(166 times)
AF (89 times)
PVI (67 times)
RF (66 times)
2007 Using an experimental design to identify and quantify the effects of environment related test parameters on the in vitro mucoadhesivity testing of a propanolol buccal tablet.
climbing fiber
(204 times)
Neurology
(109 times)
PF (71 times)
PC (51 times)
PCs (50 times)
1971 Spontaneous activity of cerebellar Purkinje cells and their responses to impulses in climbing fibres.
cationized ferritin
(191 times)
Cell Biology
(63 times)
HRP (25 times)
NF (18 times)
AF (7 times)
1975 The binding of cationized ferritin at the surfaces of ehrlich ascites tumor cells: the effect of pH and glutaraldehyde fixation.
contamination factor
(187 times)
Environmental Health
(157 times)
EF (85 times)
PLI (76 times)
PCA (21 times)
2000 Use of native and transplanted mosses as complementary techniques for biomonitoring mercury around an industrial facility.
10  concentration factor
(181 times)
Environmental Health
(56 times)
MF (6 times)
TDD (5 times)
CR (4 times)
1978 Analysis of left and right ventricular size and shape, as determined from human casts. Description of the method and its validation.
11  carbon fiber
(176 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(34 times)
SEM (13 times)
CNTs (11 times)
PEEK (9 times)
1983 Application of carbon fiber (CF)-cloth reinforcement to upper complete denture base.
12  chloroform
(159 times)
Environmental Health
(62 times)
CT (43 times)
TCE (21 times)
DCM (14 times)
1989 1,2-Dibromoethane and chloroform in the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri): studies on the distribution of nonvolatile and irreversibly bound metabolites.
13  cardiac fibroblasts
(147 times)
Cardiology
(38 times)
ECM (23 times)
Ang II (15 times)
TGF-beta1 (14 times)
2002 Myocardial fibrosis in chronic aortic regurgitation: molecular and cellular responses to volume overload.
14  continuous flow
(147 times)
Cardiology
(36 times)
LVAD (37 times)
LVADs (27 times)
PF (14 times)
1979 Antagonistic effects of Bacillus natto and Streptococcus faecalis on growth of Candida albicans.
15  complementary feeding
(124 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(68 times)
EBF (16 times)
BF (9 times)
OR (6 times)
1997 Age at introduction of complementary food and physical growth from 2 to 9 months in rural Senegal.
16  culture filtrate
(124 times)
Microbiology
(34 times)
CE (10 times)
ELISA (7 times)
SA (7 times)
1971 Biological characteristics of Clostridium perfringens type A enterotoxin.
17  constant frequency
(114 times)
Neurology
(28 times)
FM (30 times)
BP (4 times)
CA (4 times)
1977 Amplitude spectrum representation in the Doppler-shifted-CF processing area of the auditory cortex of the mustache bat.
18  crude fiber
(109 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(56 times)
CP (54 times)
DM (43 times)
EE (38 times)
1976 Definition of dietary fiber and hypotheses that it is a protective factor in certain diseases.
19  condition factor
(105 times)
Environmental Health
(51 times)
HSI (25 times)
GSI (19 times)
SGR (15 times)
1982 Identification of early carcinogen-induced changes in nutritional and substrate requirements in cultured tracheal epithelial cells.
20  chronic fatigue
(89 times)
Psychiatry
(15 times)
CFS (30 times)
IBS (8 times)
ME/CFS (6 times)
1994 The differential response of chronic fatigue, neurotic and muscular dystrophy patients to experimental psychological stress.
21  non-cystic fibrosis
(88 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(48 times)
HRCT (6 times)
CI (4 times)
CFTR (3 times)
1994 Protection of human respiratory epithelium from Pseudomonas aeruginosa adherence by phosphatidylglycerol liposomes.
22  conventional fractionation
(86 times)
Neoplasms
(66 times)
HF (24 times)
RT (21 times)
AF (11 times)
1986 Different fractionation schedules in radiation treatment of cerebral metastases.
23  caffeine
(82 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
TB (12 times)
TP (11 times)
BP (7 times)
1976 Effect of processing technique of different dosage forms on dissolution rate of caffeine and salicylamide.
24  cognitive function
(78 times)
Geriatrics
(10 times)
QOL (12 times)
PF (9 times)
SF (7 times)
1995 A prospective multicenter assessment of the Edmonton staging system for cancer pain.
25  compassion fatigue
(73 times)
Nursing
(31 times)
CS (29 times)
BO (25 times)
STS (16 times)
2004 Compassion fatigue following the September 11 terrorist attacks: a study of secondary trauma among New York City social workers.
26  caries-free
(71 times)
Dentistry
(41 times)
S-ECC (27 times)
CA (23 times)
ECC (14 times)
1986 Immunological cross-reactivity of anionic proteins from caries-free and caries-active salivas which differ in biological properties toward oral streptococci.
27  cytotoxic factor
(70 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(29 times)
TNF (6 times)
LPS (5 times)
i.c (3 times)
1980 Characterization of the cytotoxic factor produced in the spleen of dengue virus-infected mice.
28  charcoal-filtered air
(65 times)
Environmental Health
(53 times)
NF (37 times)
AA (9 times)
OTCs (9 times)
1988 Influence of ozone stress on growth processes, yields and grain quality characteristics among soybean cultivars.
29  counting fingers
(64 times)
Ophthalmology
(42 times)
VA (17 times)
BCVA (14 times)
HM (12 times)
1989 Long-term visual results of vitreous surgery in diabetic eye disease.
30  carbon felt
(62 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
BDD (5 times)
EF (5 times)
HRP (5 times)
2007 Carbon felt-based bioelectrocatalytic flow detectors: highly sensitive amperometric determination of hydrogen peroxide using adsorbed peroxidase and thionine.
31  carbon footprint
(58 times)
Environmental Health
(38 times)
GHG (22 times)
LCA (15 times)
CO2e (4 times)
2011 Potential for improving the carbon footprint of butter and blend products.
32  ciprofloxacin
(56 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
EF (10 times)
AUC (4 times)
MIC (4 times)
1991 Biopharmaceutic evaluation of some 4-quinolone derivatives.
33  coherence factor
(53 times)
Bacteriology
(11 times)
DAS (15 times)
CR (8 times)
MV (8 times)
1970 Competence factor production in chemically defined media by noncompetent cells of group H Streptococcus strain Challis.
34  crystal-field
(53 times)
Chemistry
(20 times)
CT (10 times)
SH (6 times)
ZFS (5 times)
2002 The extended version of the computer package CST for conversions, standardization and transformations of the spin Hamiltonian and the crystal-field Hamiltonian.
35  conventional freezing
(50 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
OF (5 times)
DF (3 times)
RF (3 times)
1985 Effect of moderate to very low fat defined formula diets on serum lipids in healthy subjects.
36  chemical fertilizer
(49 times)
Environmental Health
(30 times)
OF (5 times)
CM (4 times)
CFM (3 times)
2003 [Integrated effect of incorporation with different organic manures on CH4 and N2O emissions from rice paddy].
37  contractile force
(49 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
HR (6 times)
APD (5 times)
NE (5 times)
1976 The effect of the pattern of cardiac sympathetic activity on myocardial contractile force and norepinephrine overflow in the dog heart.
38  conversion factor
(49 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
GM (7 times)
GMO (5 times)
IS (5 times)
1992 The Medicare Fee Schedule unveiled: an account of physician payment reform.
39  Canadian Forces
(44 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(13 times)
PTSD (4 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
MVC (2 times)
1975 Helmets and head protection in CF ejections 1967-1973.
40  cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil
(42 times)
Neoplasms
(26 times)
DCF (9 times)
ESCC (8 times)
OS (7 times)
1992 Clinical and laboratory evaluation of the myeloprotective effect of medroxyprogesterone acetate in head and neck cancer.
41  cardiac failure
(38 times)
Therapeutics
(8 times)
IHD (4 times)
COPD (2 times)
ICSRs (2 times)
1980 Albuminuria and the permselective properties of the glomerulus in cardiac failure.
42  counting factor
(37 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
APTT (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
CCAs (1 time)
1965 Serological reactions associated with the clumping factor of Staphylococcus aureus.
43  case fatality
(34 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
AMI (6 times)
CI (4 times)
ICH (3 times)
1997 Population versus clinical view of case fatality from acute coronary heart disease: results from the WHO MONICA Project 1985-1990. Multinational MONItoring of Trends and Determinants in CArdiovascular Disease.
44  conductive filament
(34 times)
Nanotechnology
(21 times)
RS (9 times)
RRAM (6 times)
CBRAM (5 times)
2010 Controllable growth of nanoscale conductive filaments in solid-electrolyte-based ReRAM by using a metal nanocrystal covered bottom electrode.
45  continuous flooding
(34 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
AWD (14 times)
GHG (4 times)
GHGI (3 times)
2006 Partial flooding enhances aeration in adventitious roots of black willow (Salix nigra) cuttings.
46  colonization factor
(33 times)
Microbiology
(13 times)
ETEC (31 times)
LT (7 times)
ST (6 times)
1977 Special O:K:H serotypes among enterotoxigenic E. coli strains from diarrhea in adults and children. Occurrence of the CF (colonization factor) antigen and of hemagglutinating abilities.
47  clofibrate
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
PB (11 times)
PPs (5 times)
DEN (3 times)
1984 Effects of the hepatocarcinogenic peroxisome-proliferating hypolipidemic agents clofibrate and nafenopin on the rat liver cell membrane enzymes gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase and alkaline phosphatase and on the early stages of liver carcinogenesis.
48  coelomic fluid
(31 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
AF (3 times)
NMR (3 times)
SM (3 times)
1990 Complement-like activity in the sea star, Asterias forbesi.
49  calcium folinate
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
5-FU (13 times)
HD-MTX (4 times)
PR (3 times)
1990 Effects of formic acid or calcium formate in feed on performance and microbiological characteristics of broilers.
50  control-fed
(29 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
MR (5 times)
AUC (2 times)
CR (2 times)
1989 Dietary thyrotropin-releasing hormone stimulates growth rate and increases the insulin: glucagon molar ratio of broiler chickens.
51  citrovorum factor
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
MTX (21 times)
CR (3 times)
5-FU (2 times)
1977 Regulatory control of tetrahydrofolate coenzymes in folate auxotrophs.
52  compressive force
(27 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
RANKL (6 times)
hPDL (4 times)
OPG (4 times)
1999 Effect of some physical parameters on the sustained drug-release properties of substituted amylose matrices.
53  carbofuran
(25 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
SOD (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
CHO (2 times)
1981 Mutagenicity of N-nitroso derivatives of carbofuran and its toxic metabolites.
54  cyst fluid
(25 times)
Parasitology
(9 times)
TsM (4 times)
NC (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
1978 Distribution of beta2-microglobulin in cerebrospinal fluid and in cystic fluid of brain tumors. A preliminary study.
55  clinical failure
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
BF (10 times)
PSA (7 times)
PCa (5 times)
2002 Practical application of biochemical failure definitions: what to do and when to do it.
56  cardiac frequency
(23 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
AM (2 times)
BHS (2 times)
BP (2 times)
1980 [Althesin in cesarean section].
57  core factor
(23 times)
Molecular Biology
(10 times)
Pol I (9 times)
UAF (8 times)
TBP (5 times)
1985 Role of cord factor in the modulation of infection caused by mycobacteria.
58  crevicular fluid
(23 times)
Dentistry
(20 times)
PGE2 (3 times)
BLOSS (2 times)
CO (2 times)
1980 Bacteriolytic activity of human gingival exudate.
59  collaborative filtering
(22 times)
Science
(6 times)
ADM (1 time)
AutAI (1 time)
CAF (1 time)
2008 A New Adaptive Framework for Collaborative Filtering Prediction.
60  crude fat
(22 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(12 times)
CP (7 times)
GE (5 times)
ADF (2 times)
1999 Effect of amino acid injection in broiler breeder eggs on embryonic growth and hatchability of chicks.
61  coagulation/flocculation
(21 times)
Environmental Health
(17 times)
COD (5 times)
FO (3 times)
OSPW (3 times)
2005 Acute toxicity removal in textile finishing wastewater by Fenton's oxidation, ozone and coagulation-flocculation processes.
62  clastogenic factor
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
ACS (3 times)
MDA (2 times)
PMA (2 times)
1982 Tumor promoter phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces a clastogenic factor in human lymphocytes.
63  calibration factor
(19 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
CV (2 times)
SPECT (2 times)
SUV (2 times)
1992 A model for radon gas adsorption on charcoal for open-faced canisters in an active environment.
64  cardiorespiratory fitness
(19 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
BMI (4 times)
PA (3 times)
METs (2 times)
2005 Assessment of the effects of eleutherococcus senticosus on endurance performance.
65  chloroform fraction
(19 times)
Biology
(4 times)
AF (6 times)
EAF (5 times)
HF (3 times)
2008 Effect of lipid extracted from tsao-ko (Amomum tsao-ko Crevost et Lemaire) on digestive enzyme activity, antioxidant activity, plasma and liver lipids, and blood glucose levels of mice.
66  cognitive fatigue
(19 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
PASAT (5 times)
MS (4 times)
fNIRS (2 times)
1992 Cognitive failure in patients with terminal cancer: a prospective study.
67  chlorophyll fluorescence
(18 times)
Botany
(5 times)
PSII (3 times)
DR (2 times)
FHB (2 times)
2002 Vegetation stress detection through chlorophyll a + b estimation and fluorescence effects on hyperspectral imagery.
68  cocoa flavanol
(18 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
FMD (5 times)
NO (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2006 Chronic consumption of flavanol-rich cocoa improves endothelial function and decreases vascular cell adhesion molecule in hypercholesterolemic postmenopausal women.
69  collagen fibrils
(18 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
PGs (4 times)
NC (2 times)
SM (2 times)
1986 Morphology of the interaction of collagen fibrils with normal human platelets and thrombasthenic platelets.
70  commercial formulation
(18 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
MEFs (3 times)
BTF (2 times)
EC (2 times)
2007 Norflurazon mobility, dissipation, activity, and persistence in a sandy soil as influenced by formulation.
71  cascade filtration
(17 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
FFP (2 times)
FH (2 times)
PE (2 times)
1983 Cascade filtration: clinical application in 26 patients with immune complex and IgM mediated diseases.
72  cortical fibroblasts
(17 times)
Nephrology
(7 times)
PTC (5 times)
IGF-I (4 times)
ECM (3 times)
1991 Fibroblasts of rabbit kidney in culture. I. Characterization and identification of cell-specific markers.
73  cloud fraction
(15 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
RI (3 times)
JIA (2 times)
USD (2 times)
2008 Doppler ultrasonography of the anterior knee tendons in elite badminton players: colour fraction before and after match.
74  coniferous forest
(15 times)
Science
(6 times)
EBF (6 times)
AM (4 times)
DBF (4 times)
2007 Fungal diversity of Norway spruce litter: effects of site conditions and premature leaf fall caused by bark beetle outbreak.
75  copper foam
(15 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
HER (2 times)
AC (1 time)
ASC (1 time)
2015 Sensitive electrochemical nonenzymatic glucose sensing based on anodized CuO nanowires on three-dimensional porous copper foam.
76  Cytophaga-Flavobacterium
(15 times)
Microbiology
(11 times)
FISH (5 times)
DGGE (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
2001 Changes in community composition during dilution cultures of marine bacterioplankton as assessed by flow cytometric and molecular biological techniques.
77  cellulose fibers
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
5-FU (1 time)
AA (1 time)
ACF (1 time)
2008 Influence of complex fibrous media composition on their performances for VOC and particle removal.
78  common fibular
(14 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
US (5 times)
CSA (3 times)
CSAs (3 times)
2005 Axon regeneration in peripheral nerves is enhanced by proteoglycan degradation.
79  cystic fibrosis patients
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
AS (1 time)
CAZ (1 time)
CFRD (1 time)
1985 Thermal sweat lactate in cystic fibrosis and in normal children.
80  chemotactic factor
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
PMN (3 times)
BC (2 times)
HC (2 times)
1979 Motility and adhesiveness in human neutrophils. Effects of chemotactic factors.
81  chow-fed
(13 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
PF (6 times)
PAE (5 times)
EtOH (3 times)
1995 Gonadotropin-releasing hormone mRNA and gonadotropin beta-subunit mRNA expression in the adult female rat exposed to ethanol in utero.
82  chromatofocusing
(13 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
IEF (3 times)
ER (2 times)
NPS-RP-HPLC (2 times)
1983 Separation of acid phosphatases in the rat ventral prostate by gel filtration, isoelectric focusing, and chromatofocusing.
83  cognitive flexibility
(13 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
EF (4 times)
BD (3 times)
IC (3 times)
2012 Red blood cell omega-3 fatty acid levels and neurocognitive performance in deployed U.S. Servicemembers.
84  control females
(13 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CM (5 times)
TF (3 times)
IM (2 times)
1991 Ultrastructural evidence of a sexual dimorphism in the neuropil of the medial preoptic nucleus of the rat: a quantitative study.
85  Core fucosylation
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
HCC (3 times)
MS (2 times)
AHEF (1 time)
2009 A strategy for precise and large scale identification of core fucosylated glycoproteins.
86  calcaneofibular
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
ATF (7 times)
ATaF (3 times)
MR (2 times)
1986 Stress examination of traumatized lateral ligaments of the ankle.
87  Cognitive frailty
(12 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
PF (3 times)
AD (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2016 Potential fluid biomarkers for pathological brain changes in Alzheimer's disease: Implication for the screening of cognitive frailty.
88  colostrum-fed
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
CD (10 times)
LPS (3 times)
Ig (2 times)
1975 Antibody responses to neonatal immunisation in calves.
89  coffee
(11 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
DW (3 times)
RW (3 times)
WT (3 times)
2010 Effect of staining solutions on discoloration of resin nanocomposites.
90  constant flow
(11 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CP (8 times)
ECM (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1985 Effects of arachidonate on permeability and resistance distribution in canine lungs.
91  Corni Fructus
(11 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
STZ (3 times)
TCM (3 times)
DMM (2 times)
2012 Effects of Corni fructus on ovalbumin-induced airway inflammation and airway hyper-responsiveness in a mouse model of allergic asthma.
92  coronary blood flow
(11 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
HR (6 times)
CO (3 times)
MAP (3 times)
1977 Effects of increased cardiac mechanical performances on flow rates of cardiac lymph in dogs.
93  Case formulation
(10 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
CBT (2 times)
PD (2 times)
PTSD (2 times)
2003 Impact of case formulation in cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis.
94  cerebrospinal fluid
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CNS (2 times)
ART (1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
1985 [Need for the determination of chloramphenicol levels in the treatment of bacterial-purulent meningitis with chloramphenicol succinate in infants and small children].
95  certainty factor
(10 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
AUC (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
CPON (1 time)
1997 Knowledge-based system ADNEXPERT to assist the sonographic diagnosis of adnexal tumors.
96  characterization factors
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
LCA (4 times)
LCIA (4 times)
ACF (1 time)
2010 Transformation products in the life cycle impact assessment of chemicals.
97  chicken fat
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
BT (4 times)
FO (3 times)
HSBO (3 times)
1981 Acceptability and digestibility by adult cats of diets made with various sources and levels of fat.
98  circulatory failure
(10 times)
Therapeutics
(5 times)
CHF (1 time)
DRHD (1 time)
ER (1 time)
1985 [Effects of ethmozine and ethacizin on the central hemodynamics, peripheral vascular tonus and tissue oxygenation in patients with ventricular rhythm disorders and cardiac insufficiency].
99  clubfoot
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
AH (1 time)
AM (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1990 Results of physical therapy for idiopathic clubfoot: a long-term follow-up study.
100  color fundus
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
AMD (2 times)
DR (2 times)
FAF (2 times)
2011 Reticular drusen associated with geographic atrophy in age-related macular degeneration.