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Abbreviation: CF
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cystic fibrosis
(13782 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3684 times)
CFTR (1838 times)
PA (216 times)
FEV1 (193 times)
0 [Diagnostics of cystic fibrosis in adults].
complement fixation
(841 times)
Microbiology
(159 times)
ELISA (114 times)
HI (85 times)
CMV (62 times)
1963 Suppression of allergic encephalomyelitis in rats by means of antibrain serum.
characteristic frequency
(400 times)
Audiology
(188 times)
AI (28 times)
BM (25 times)
IC (25 times)
1975 Organization and development of brain stem auditory nuclei of the chicken: organization of projections from n. magnocellularis to n. laminaris.
coronary flow
(337 times)
Cardiology
(107 times)
HR (84 times)
LVDP (73 times)
LVP (40 times)
1976 Prostaglandin E2 and cyclic AMP in the coronary vasodilatation due to cardiac hyperactivity.
carboxyfluorescein
(331 times)
Biochemistry
(92 times)
PC (19 times)
DPPC (17 times)
EPC (11 times)
1979 The use of aqueous space markers to determine the mechanism of interaction between phospholipid vesicles and cells.
cationized ferritin
(187 times)
Cell Biology
(63 times)
HRP (25 times)
NF (18 times)
AF (7 times)
1975 The binding of cationized ferritin at the surfaces of ehrlich ascites tumor cells: the effect of pH and glutaraldehyde fixation.
climbing fiber
(183 times)
Neurology
(102 times)
PF (65 times)
PCs (45 times)
PC (44 times)
1971 Spontaneous activity of cerebellar Purkinje cells and their responses to impulses in climbing fibres.
contact force
(142 times)
Cardiology
(105 times)
AF (54 times)
PVI (41 times)
RF (29 times)
2000 Effects of varying central command and muscle mass on the cardiovascular responses to isometric exercise.
chloroform
(134 times)
Environmental Health
(54 times)
CT (39 times)
TCE (19 times)
VC (11 times)
1989 1,2-Dibromoethane and chloroform in the rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri): studies on the distribution of nonvolatile and irreversibly bound metabolites.
10  concentration factor
(131 times)
Environmental Health
(49 times)
MF (6 times)
TDD (5 times)
AL (3 times)
1978 Analysis of left and right ventricular size and shape, as determined from human casts. Description of the method and its validation.
11  continuous flow
(113 times)
Cardiology
(28 times)
LVAD (25 times)
LVADs (19 times)
PF (13 times)
1979 Antagonistic effects of Bacillus natto and Streptococcus faecalis on growth of Candida albicans.
12  culture filtrate
(106 times)
Microbiology
(33 times)
ELISA (7 times)
SA (7 times)
PGPF (6 times)
1971 Biological characteristics of Clostridium perfringens type A enterotoxin.
13  cardiac fibroblasts
(88 times)
Cardiology
(27 times)
ECM (15 times)
Ang II (11 times)
MI (9 times)
2002 Myocardial fibrosis in chronic aortic regurgitation: molecular and cellular responses to volume overload.
14  condition factor
(82 times)
Environmental Health
(40 times)
GSI (18 times)
HSI (14 times)
LSI (12 times)
1982 Identification of early carcinogen-induced changes in nutritional and substrate requirements in cultured tracheal epithelial cells.
15  carbon fiber
(79 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(21 times)
SEM (6 times)
CVD (4 times)
GF (4 times)
1983 Application of carbon fiber (CF)-cloth reinforcement to upper complete denture base.
16  chronic fatigue
(77 times)
Psychiatry
(14 times)
CFS (28 times)
IBS (7 times)
CI (5 times)
1994 The differential response of chronic fatigue, neurotic and muscular dystrophy patients to experimental psychological stress.
17  contamination factor
(76 times)
Environmental Health
(63 times)
EF (33 times)
PLI (28 times)
PCA (7 times)
2000 Use of native and transplanted mosses as complementary techniques for biomonitoring mercury around an industrial facility.
18  complementary feeding
(72 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(48 times)
EBF (9 times)
BF (7 times)
OR (5 times)
1997 Age at introduction of complementary food and physical growth from 2 to 9 months in rural Senegal.
19  crude fibre
(72 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(44 times)
CP (34 times)
DM (27 times)
EE (26 times)
1986 Prediction of metabolizable energy of broiler diets from chemical analysis.
20  non-cystic fibrosis
(72 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(42 times)
HRCT (5 times)
CFTR (3 times)
CI (3 times)
1994 Protection of human respiratory epithelium from Pseudomonas aeruginosa adherence by phosphatidylglycerol liposomes.
21  cytotoxic factor
(69 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(29 times)
TNF (6 times)
LPS (5 times)
i.c (3 times)
1980 Characterization of the cytotoxic factor produced in the spleen of dengue virus-infected mice.
22  conventional fractionation
(65 times)
Neoplasms
(52 times)
RT (14 times)
HF (13 times)
AF (10 times)
1986 Different fractionation schedules in radiation treatment of cerebral metastases.
23  caffeine
(64 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
TB (11 times)
TP (10 times)
MP (6 times)
1976 Effect of processing technique of different dosage forms on dissolution rate of caffeine and salicylamide.
24  charcoal-filtered air
(57 times)
Environmental Health
(47 times)
NF (37 times)
AA (9 times)
OTCs (8 times)
1988 Influence of ozone stress on growth processes, yields and grain quality characteristics among soybean cultivars.
25  constant frequency
(51 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
FM (24 times)
IC (3 times)
MGB (3 times)
1977 Amplitude spectrum representation in the Doppler-shifted-CF processing area of the auditory cortex of the mustache bat.
26  caries-free
(50 times)
Dentistry
(32 times)
S-ECC (22 times)
CA (17 times)
ECC (8 times)
1986 Immunological cross-reactivity of anionic proteins from caries-free and caries-active salivas which differ in biological properties toward oral streptococci.
27  contractile force
(48 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
HR (6 times)
APD (5 times)
NE (5 times)
1976 The effect of the pattern of cardiac sympathetic activity on myocardial contractile force and norepinephrine overflow in the dog heart.
28  counting fingers
(47 times)
Ophthalmology
(37 times)
VA (11 times)
BCVA (10 times)
HM (10 times)
1989 Long-term visual results of vitreous surgery in diabetic eye disease.
29  crystal-field
(47 times)
Chemistry
(17 times)
CT (10 times)
SH (6 times)
ZFS (5 times)
2002 The extended version of the computer package CST for conversions, standardization and transformations of the spin Hamiltonian and the crystal-field Hamiltonian.
30  ciprofloxacin
(44 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
EF (9 times)
AUC (4 times)
MIC (4 times)
1991 Biopharmaceutic evaluation of some 4-quinolone derivatives.
31  Canadian Forces
(43 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(13 times)
PTSD (4 times)
HRQoL (2 times)
MVC (2 times)
1975 Helmets and head protection in CF ejections 1967-1973.
32  center frequency
(43 times)
Audiology
(13 times)
FFT (5 times)
EMG (4 times)
AMSA (3 times)
1978 Cochlear travelling wave velocities calculated from the derived components of the cochlear nerve and brainstem evoked responses of the human auditory system.
33  cognitive function
(42 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
QOL (7 times)
HRQoL (4 times)
AP (3 times)
1995 A prospective multicenter assessment of the Edmonton staging system for cancer pain.
34  conversion factor
(41 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
GM (7 times)
GMO (5 times)
RSDr (4 times)
1992 The Medicare Fee Schedule unveiled: an account of physician payment reform.
35  compassion fatigue
(39 times)
Nursing
(18 times)
CS (14 times)
BO (13 times)
STS (8 times)
2004 Compassion fatigue following the September 11 terrorist attacks: a study of secondary trauma among New York City social workers.
36  counting factor
(36 times)
Microbiology
(10 times)
cAMP (1 time)
CFNSA (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1966 Serological reactions associated with the clumping factor of Staphylococcus aureus.
37  cardiac failure
(35 times)
Therapeutics
(8 times)
IHD (3 times)
LAD (2 times)
MI (2 times)
1980 Albuminuria and the permselective properties of the glomerulus in cardiac failure.
38  conventional freezing
(35 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
DF (3 times)
WUE (3 times)
CT (2 times)
1985 Effect of moderate to very low fat defined formula diets on serum lipids in healthy subjects.
39  competence factor
(34 times)
Bacteriology
(11 times)
DAS (3 times)
MV (3 times)
SNR (3 times)
1970 Competence factor production in chemically defined media by noncompetent cells of group H Streptococcus strain Challis.
40  cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
DCF (9 times)
CR (3 times)
TTP (3 times)
1992 Clinical and laboratory evaluation of the myeloprotective effect of medroxyprogesterone acetate in head and neck cancer.
41  clofibrate
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
PB (11 times)
PPs (5 times)
DEN (3 times)
1984 Effects of the hepatocarcinogenic peroxisome-proliferating hypolipidemic agents clofibrate and nafenopin on the rat liver cell membrane enzymes gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase and alkaline phosphatase and on the early stages of liver carcinogenesis.
42  carbon felt
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
HRP (5 times)
ADE (3 times)
EF (3 times)
2007 Carbon felt-based bioelectrocatalytic flow detectors: highly sensitive amperometric determination of hydrogen peroxide using adsorbed peroxidase and thionine.
43  colonization factor
(30 times)
Microbiology
(13 times)
ETEC (28 times)
LT (6 times)
ST (5 times)
1977 Special O:K:H serotypes among enterotoxigenic E. coli strains from diarrhea in adults and children. Occurrence of the CF (colonization factor) antigen and of hemagglutinating abilities.
44  case fatality
(28 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AMI (6 times)
LBW (3 times)
mRS (3 times)
1997 Population versus clinical view of case fatality from acute coronary heart disease: results from the WHO MONICA Project 1985-1990. Multinational MONItoring of Trends and Determinants in CArdiovascular Disease.
45  citrovorum factor
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
MTX (21 times)
CR (3 times)
5-FU (2 times)
1977 Regulatory control of tetrahydrofolate coenzymes in folate auxotrophs.
46  calcium folinate
(25 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
5-FU (12 times)
HD-MTX (4 times)
PR (3 times)
1990 Effects of formic acid or calcium formate in feed on performance and microbiological characteristics of broilers.
47  conductive filament
(25 times)
Nanotechnology
(17 times)
RS (7 times)
CBRAM (4 times)
ReRAM (4 times)
2010 Controllable growth of nanoscale conductive filaments in solid-electrolyte-based ReRAM by using a metal nanocrystal covered bottom electrode.
48  control-fed
(25 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
MR (5 times)
AUC (2 times)
CR (2 times)
1989 Dietary thyrotropin-releasing hormone stimulates growth rate and increases the insulin: glucagon molar ratio of broiler chickens.
49  coelomic fluid
(23 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
SM (3 times)
AF (2 times)
CL (2 times)
1990 Complement-like activity in the sea star, Asterias forbesi.
50  cyst fluid
(23 times)
Parasitology
(9 times)
TsM (4 times)
NC (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
1978 Distribution of beta2-microglobulin in cerebrospinal fluid and in cystic fluid of brain tumors. A preliminary study.
51  carotid-femoral
(22 times)
Vascular Diseases
(16 times)
PWV (20 times)
C-R (8 times)
AIx (4 times)
1989 Indirect, noninvasive evaluation of pressure wave transmission in essential hypertension.
52  crevicular fluid
(22 times)
Dentistry
(19 times)
PGE2 (3 times)
BLOSS (2 times)
CO (2 times)
1980 Bacteriolytic activity of human gingival exudate.
53  carbon footprint
(21 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
GHG (11 times)
LCA (7 times)
CO2e (2 times)
2011 Potential for improving the carbon footprint of butter and blend products.
54  cardiac frequency
(21 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
BHS (2 times)
BP (2 times)
DAP (2 times)
1980 [Althesin in cesarean section].
55  carbofuran
(20 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
CAT (2 times)
CHO (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
1981 Mutagenicity of N-nitroso derivatives of carbofuran and its toxic metabolites.
56  chemical fertilizer
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
OF (3 times)
SOC (3 times)
CFM (2 times)
2003 [Integrated effect of incorporation with different organic manures on CH4 and N2O emissions from rice paddy].
57  clastogenic factors
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
ACS (3 times)
MDA (2 times)
PMA (2 times)
1982 Tumor promoter phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces a clastogenic factor in human lymphocytes.
58  core factor
(20 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
UAF (7 times)
Pol I (6 times)
TBP (4 times)
1985 Role of cord factor in the modulation of infection caused by mycobacteria.
59  clinical failure
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
BF (9 times)
PSA (7 times)
EBRT (4 times)
2002 Practical application of biochemical failure definitions: what to do and when to do it.
60  continuous flooding
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
AWD (7 times)
GHG (3 times)
GHGI (2 times)
2006 Partial flooding enhances aeration in adventitious roots of black willow (Salix nigra) cuttings.
61  cascade filtration
(17 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
FFP (2 times)
FH (2 times)
PE (2 times)
1983 Cascade filtration: clinical application in 26 patients with immune complex and IgM mediated diseases.
62  chloroform fraction
(17 times)
Biology
(4 times)
AF (5 times)
EAF (5 times)
HF (3 times)
2008 Effect of lipid extracted from tsao-ko (Amomum tsao-ko Crevost et Lemaire) on digestive enzyme activity, antioxidant activity, plasma and liver lipids, and blood glucose levels of mice.
63  cortical fibroblasts
(17 times)
Nephrology
(7 times)
PTC (5 times)
IGF-I (4 times)
ECM (3 times)
1991 Fibroblasts of rabbit kidney in culture. I. Characterization and identification of cell-specific markers.
64  compressive force
(16 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
RANKL (5 times)
hPDL (3 times)
OPG (3 times)
2000 Effect of some physical parameters on the sustained drug-release properties of substituted amylose matrices.
65  coagulation/flocculation
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
COD (3 times)
OSPW (3 times)
ECF (2 times)
2005 Acute toxicity removal in textile finishing wastewater by Fenton's oxidation, ozone and coagulation-flocculation processes.
66  cocoa flavanol
(15 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
FMD (4 times)
NO (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2006 Chronic consumption of flavanol-rich cocoa improves endothelial function and decreases vascular cell adhesion molecule in hypercholesterolemic postmenopausal women.
67  crude fat
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
GE (3 times)
CA (2 times)
CP (2 times)
1999 Effect of amino acid injection in broiler breeder eggs on embryonic growth and hatchability of chicks.
68  Cytophaga-Flavobacterium
(15 times)
Microbiology
(11 times)
FISH (5 times)
DGGE (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
2000 Changes in community composition during dilution cultures of marine bacterioplankton as assessed by flow cytometric and molecular biological techniques.
69  commercial formulation
(14 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
MEFs (3 times)
EC (2 times)
PK (2 times)
2007 Norflurazon mobility, dissipation, activity, and persistence in a sandy soil as influenced by formulation.
70  cystic fibrosis patients
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
AS (1 time)
CAZ (1 time)
CFRD (1 time)
1985 Thermal sweat lactate in cystic fibrosis and in normal children.
71  chemotactic factor
(13 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
PMN (3 times)
BC (2 times)
HC (2 times)
1979 Motility and adhesiveness in human neutrophils. Effects of chemotactic factors.
72  chromatofocusing
(13 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
IEF (3 times)
ER (2 times)
NPS-RP-HPLC (2 times)
1983 Separation of acid phosphatases in the rat ventral prostate by gel filtration, isoelectric focusing, and chromatofocusing.
73  common fibular
(13 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
US (4 times)
CSA (3 times)
CSAs (2 times)
2005 Axon regeneration in peripheral nerves is enhanced by proteoglycan degradation.
74  coniferous forest
(13 times)
Science
(6 times)
EBF (5 times)
AM (4 times)
BF (3 times)
2008 Fungal diversity of Norway spruce litter: effects of site conditions and premature leaf fall caused by bark beetle outbreak.
75  calcaneofibular
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
ATF (7 times)
ATaF (3 times)
MR (2 times)
1986 Stress examination of traumatized lateral ligaments of the ankle.
76  calibration factor
(12 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
AQC (1 time)
CIC (1 time)
1992 A model for radon gas adsorption on charcoal for open-faced canisters in an active environment.
77  chow-fed
(12 times)
Brain
(3 times)
PF (6 times)
PAE (5 times)
EtOH (3 times)
1995 Gonadotropin-releasing hormone mRNA and gonadotropin beta-subunit mRNA expression in the adult female rat exposed to ethanol in utero.
78  collaborative filtering
(12 times)
Science
(3 times)
ADM (1 time)
AutAI (1 time)
CBCF (1 time)
2008 A New Adaptive Framework for Collaborative Filtering Prediction.
79  colostrum-fed
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
CD (10 times)
LPS (3 times)
Ig (2 times)
1975 Antibody responses to neonatal immunisation in calves.
80  colour fraction
(12 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
RI (2 times)
USD (2 times)
ARM (1 time)
2009 Ultrasound colour Doppler measurements in a single joint as measure of disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis--assessment of concurrent validity.
81  chlorophyll fluorescence
(11 times)
Botany
(4 times)
GE (2 times)
PSII (2 times)
ALF (1 time)
2002 Vegetation stress detection through chlorophyll a + b estimation and fluorescence effects on hyperspectral imagery.
82  constant flow
(11 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CP (8 times)
ECM (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1985 Effects of arachidonate on permeability and resistance distribution in canine lungs.
83  control females
(11 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CM (5 times)
TF (2 times)
ABT (1 time)
1991 Ultrastructural evidence of a sexual dimorphism in the neuropil of the medial preoptic nucleus of the rat: a quantitative study.
84  cardiorespiratory fitness
(10 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
PA (2 times)
RTR (2 times)
AGT (1 time)
2005 Assessment of the effects of eleutherococcus senticosus on endurance performance.
85  chicken fat
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
BT (4 times)
FO (3 times)
HSBO (3 times)
1981 Acceptability and digestibility by adult cats of diets made with various sources and levels of fat.
86  circulatory failure
(10 times)
Therapeutics
(5 times)
CHF (1 time)
DRHD (1 time)
ER (1 time)
1985 [Effects of ethmozine and ethacizin on the central hemodynamics, peripheral vascular tonus and tissue oxygenation in patients with ventricular rhythm disorders and cardiac insufficiency].
87  collagen fibers
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
NC (2 times)
SM (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2001 Diagnosis of human coronary atherosclerosis by morphology-based Raman spectroscopy.
88  Core fucosylation
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
HCC (2 times)
AHEF (1 time)
ALC (1 time)
2009 A strategy for precise and large scale identification of core fucosylated glycoproteins.
89  coronary blood flow
(10 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
HR (5 times)
CO (3 times)
MAP (3 times)
1977 Effects of increased cardiac mechanical performances on flow rates of cardiac lymph in dogs.
90  cardiac fibrosis
(9 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
HF (4 times)
AAV (1 time)
CCR2 (1 time)
2005 Serum TGF-beta 1 and TNF-alpha levels and cardiac fibrosis in experimental chronic renal failure.
91  cerebrospinal fluid
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CNS (2 times)
ART (1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
1985 [Need for the determination of chloramphenicol levels in the treatment of bacterial-purulent meningitis with chloramphenicol succinate in infants and small children].
92  colony formation
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
HNSCC (3 times)
Ab-C (1 time)
B-LCLs (1 time)
1977 The detection of in vitro monocyte-macrophage colony-forming cells in mouse thymus and lymph nodes.
93  cross-fostering
(9 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ABRs (1 time)
AF (1 time)
BF (1 time)
1986 Fetomaternal kinetics of 14C-trimethyltin.
94  cytostatic protein factor(s)
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
LPS (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
ActD (1 time)
1984 Purification of cytostatic protein factors released from human monocytes.
95  Case formulation
(8 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(4 times)
CBT (2 times)
PD (2 times)
CBL (1 time)
2003 Impact of case formulation in cognitive behaviour therapy for psychosis.
96  calcium fructoborate
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
BA (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2005 In vitro evaluation of the antioxidant activity of calcium fructoborate.
97  caudofemoralis
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
EDL (3 times)
6-MP (2 times)
TPN (2 times)
1982 Glucocorticoid-induced atrophy is not due to impaired excitability of rat muscle.
98  characterization factors
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
LCA (4 times)
ACF (1 time)
CTP (1 time)
2010 Transformation products in the life cycle impact assessment of chemicals.
99  chewing frequency
(7 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CC (4 times)
CT (4 times)
GOHAI (2 times)
2004 Release of peppermint flavour compounds from chewing gum: effect of oral functions.
100  Chikungunya fever
(7 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
CHIKV (2 times)
LDH (1 time)
PCCA (1 time)
2008 Mucocutaneous features of Chikungunya fever: a study from an outbreak in West Bengal, India.