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Abbreviation: CFD
Appearance Frequency: 2816 time(s)
Long forms: 128

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
computational fluid dynamics
(2508 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(538 times)
WSS (264 times)
CT (89 times)
PIV (80 times)
1994 A squeeze flow phenomenon at the closing of a bileaflet mechanical heart valve prosthesis.
color flow Doppler
(35 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
RV (3 times)
TR (3 times)
US (3 times)
1992 Vascular complications in the adult kidney transplant recipient.
cerebral folate deficiency
(22 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
CSF (11 times)
5-MTHF (8 times)
FRalpha (5 times)
2004 Cerebral folate deficiency.
cell-free DNA
(21 times)
Traumatology
(3 times)
TBI (3 times)
bDNA (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2009 A rapid direct fluorescent assay for cell-free DNA quantification in biological fluids.
complement factor D
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
CHI3L1 (3 times)
AMD (2 times)
beta 2m (2 times)
2010 Lack of association of CFD polymorphisms with advanced age-related macular degeneration.
craniofacial fibrous dysplasia
(11 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
FD (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1977 Radionuclide angiography--brain and bone imaging in craniofacial fibrous dysplasia (CFD): case report.
congenital femoral deficiency
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
FH (2 times)
CFs (1 time)
ICH (1 time)
2011 [Complications after femoral lengthening with ring fixators in congenital femoral deficiency].
constant fraction discriminator
(8 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
PET (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
ADCs (1 time)
2005 Evaluation of high performance data acquisition boards for simultaneous sampling of fast signals from PET detectors.
color-flow duplex
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
PSV (2 times)
AVF (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1995 Incidence of pseudoaneurysm after diagnostic and therapeutic angiography.
10  convolution-based forced detection
(5 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
FD (3 times)
MC (3 times)
SPECT (3 times)
2001 Rapid SPECT simulation of downscatter in non-uniform media.
11  craniofacial dysostosis
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
Ba (1 time)
FGFR2 (1 time)
FH plane (1 time)
1994 A gene for Crouzon craniofacial dysostosis maps to the long arm of chromosome 10.
12  central flash distance
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CLD (4 times)
ICM (3 times)
SD (3 times)
1996 Intra- and interfractional reproducibility of tangential breast fields: a prospective on-line portal imaging study.
13  choline- and folate-deficient
(4 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
NAFLD (4 times)
miRNAs (2 times)
Ahcy (1 time)
2012 Plasma microRNAs are sensitive indicators of inter-strain differences in the severity of liver injury induced in mice by a choline- and folate-deficient diet.
14  collagen fibril density
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
ALDH3A1 (1 time)
Coll (1 time)
1990 [The ultrastructural changes in the corneal lens stroma of wound healing process following epikeratophakia in rabbits].
15  compact finite difference
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CRN (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2010 Higher-accuracy schemes for approximating the Hessian from electronic structure calculations in chemical dynamics simulations.
16  craniofacial FD
(4 times)
Surgery, Oral
(1 time)
FD (4 times)
NIH (1 time)
ONC (1 time)
2011 Surgery versus watchful waiting in patients with craniofacial fibrous dysplasia--a meta-analysis.
17  cefdinir
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
AMP (2 times)
bla (2 times)
CCL (2 times)
2006 Antimicrobial resistance in Haemophilus influenzae isolated from the nasopharynx among Japanese children with acute otitis media.
18  cochlear-facial dehiscence
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CFPW (2 times)
CT (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2016 Prevalence of Cochlear-Facial Dehiscence in a Study of 1,020 Temporal Bone Specimens.
19  computational fluid dynamic analysis
(3 times)
Translational Medical Research
(2 times)
LM (2 times)
2SK (1 time)
AF (1 time)
2017 Comparative Computed Flow Dynamic Analysis of Different Optimization Techniques in Left Main Either Provisional or Culotte Stenting.
20  controlled flapping descent
(3 times)
Biology
(3 times)
WAIR (3 times)
dph (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
2009 Precocial development of locomotor performance in a ground-dwelling bird (Alectoris chukar): negotiating a three-dimensional terrestrial environment.
21  (DEM)-Computational Fluid Dynamics
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
ABM (1 time)
DEM (1 time)
RFB (1 time)
2006 Numerical simulation of film coating process in a novel rotating fluidized bed.
22  carbon fiber disc
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
Arg (1 time)
CE (1 time)
CFC (1 time)
2005 Simple method for the separation and detection of native amino acids and the identification of electroactive and non-electroactive analytes.
23  casein diet, devoid of choline and folate
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CFND (2 times)
AA (1 time)
Ah (1 time)
1997 NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase, cytochrome P-450 2C11 and P-450 1A1, and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor in livers of rats fed methyl-folate-deficient diets.
24  central fat distribution
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
FFM (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2005 Body composition and fat distribution influence systemic hemodynamics in the absence of obesity: the HyperGEN Study.
25  Central Federal District
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
EFs (1 time)
SFD (1 time)
UGDB (1 time)
2007 [Guidelines for the assessment of regional factors of the urban populations' exposure].
26  cephalofacial deformities
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
Hb (1 time)
MW (1 time)
1987 A simple index for initiating transfusion treatment in thalassaemia intermedia.
27  chemical fluid dynamics
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
2013 Differences in blood velocity simulated stented vessels between pulsed and laminar blood flow: An evaluation using numerical fluid dynamics (CFD).
28  Chicago Fire Department
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
AIS (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
TOR (1 time)
1989 The effect of urban trauma system hospital bypass on prehospital transport times and Level 1 trauma patient survival.
29  child functioning difficulties and disability
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
SDG (1 time)
2017 Severe functional difficulties and disabilities in children and adolescents and the Sustainable Development Goals.
30  Chinese Field Dog
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
BAC1 (2 times)
BAC2 (2 times)
BP1 (2 times)
2015 Transcriptome comparison in the pituitary-adrenal axis between Beagle and Chinese Field dogs after chronic stress exposure.
31  cholesterol-free diet
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HCD (2 times)
HCHTD (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
1997 Lipid profile of rats fed blends of rice bran oil in combination with sunflower and safflower oil.
32  chronic folate deficiency
(2 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
5-MTHF (1 time)
DS (1 time)
T2D (1 time)
2017 Deleterious Effects of Chronic Folate Deficiency in the Ts65Dn Mouse Model of Down Syndrome.
33  clampless facilitating device
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CABG (1 time)
HITS (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2012 Avoiding the clamp during off-pump coronary artery bypass reduces cerebral embolic events: results of a prospective randomized trial.
34  color-flow duplex ultrasonography
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
PPET (1 time)
US (1 time)
1995 Proximity penetrating extremity trauma: the role of duplex ultrasound in the detection of occult venous injuries.
35  colour flow Doppler ultrasound
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CEA (2 times)
CI (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
1996 The fate of residual defects following carotid endarterectomy detected by early postoperative duplex ultrasound.
36  complement fixation diluent
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
HBS (1 time)
IM (1 time)
LCA (1 time)
1983 Normal human serum inhibits the lymphocytotoxicity of sera from patients with infectious mononucleosis.
37  Complete Fourier Direct
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2011 COMPARISON OF THE COMPLETE FOURIER DIRECT MRI WITH EXISTING DIFFUSION WEIGHTED MRI METHODS.
38  computational fluid
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
VAD (1 time)
2005 Numerical and experimental analysis of an axial flow left ventricular assist device: the influence of the diffuser on overall pump performance.
39  Construction FACE Database
(2 times)
Accidents, Traffic
(1 time)
FACE (2 times)
NIOSH (2 times)
OSHA (1 time)
2017 Fatal falls and PFAS use in the construction industry: Findings from the NIOSH FACE reports.
40  consumer-friendly display
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
NLM (1 time)
UMLS (1 time)
2005 Identifying consumer-friendly display (CFD) names for health concepts.
41  craniofacial defects
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ChIP (1 time)
EDN1 (1 time)
grhl3 (1 time)
2014 Grainyhead-like 3 regulation of endothelin-1 in the pharyngeal endoderm is critical for growth and development of the craniofacial skeleton.
42  craniofacial difference
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
PDI-S (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
PSS (1 time)
2001 Unique outcomes and positive contributions associated with facial difference: expanding research and practice.
43  craniofacial dysmorphism
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CNPAS (1 time)
2015 Patient selection in congenital pyriform aperture stenosis repair - 14 year experience and systematic review of literature.
44  cross-frequency decomposition
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
GCFD (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
SSVEP (1 time)
2012 Cross-frequency decomposition: a novel technique for studying interactions between neuronal oscillations with different frequencies.
45  cross-frequency directionality
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CFC (2 times)
CFCoh (1 time)
ECoG (1 time)
2015 Measuring directionality between neuronal oscillations of different frequencies.
46  cumulative frequency distribution
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SC (1 time)
USEPA (1 time)
2015 A new method for setting guidelines to protect human health from agricultural exposure by using chlorpyrifos as an example.
47  antibiotic-ceftazidime
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
2017 Probing the interaction of cephalosporin antibiotic-ceftazidime with human serum albumin: A biophysical investigation.
48  cantilever fixed partial denture
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CCD (1 time)
ESPI (1 time)
RPID (1 time)
1998 [Electronic speckle pattern interferometric analysis on force distribution of different mandibular unilateral free-end dentures].
49  capability and functioning differences
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2018 Do capability and functioning differ? A study of U.K. survey responses.
50  capillary density for each fibre type
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
FCSA (1 time)
LCFR (1 time)
1993 Capillarisation and fibre types in hypertrophied m. plantaris in rats of various ages.
51  capillary fluidic device
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
QDs (1 time)
2012 Fabrication of quantum dots-encoded microbeads with a simple capillary fluidic device and their application for biomolecule detection.
52  capsule fixation device
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Capsule fixation device for cataract surgery.
53  carbohydrate-free diet
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
NZO (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2008 High-fat, carbohydrate-free diet markedly aggravates obesity but prevents beta-cell loss and diabetes in the obese, diabetes-susceptible db/db strain.
54  carbohydrate-free, high-fat diet
(1 time)
Nutrition Disorders
(1 time)
3-NT (1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
CML (1 time)
2019 Endogenous advanced glycation end products in pancreatic islets after short-term carbohydrate intervention in obese, diabetes-prone mice.
55  cardiac event-free duration
(1 time)
Breast Neoplasms
(1 time)
DZR (1 time)
HER2 (1 time)
LVEF (1 time)
2017 Cardioprotective Effect of Dexrazoxane in Patients with HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Who Receive Anthracycline Based Adjuvant Chemotherapy Followed by Trastuzumab.
56  Care for Development
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
IMCI (1 time)
2007 "Care for Development" intervention in rural China: a prospective follow-up study.
57  Carpal flexural deformities
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2008 Surgical treatment of carpal flexural deformity in 72 horses.
58  carrier-free drug
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2017 An acid-seeking carrier-free drug achieves high antitumor activity via a "solution-particle" transition.
59  cefadroxil
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Effects of ethanol on the pharmacokinetics of cephalexin and cefadroxil in the rat.
60  cefonicid
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
AZL (1 time)
1984 Azlocillin and cefonicid penetration into bone enhanced by probenecid.
61  cefradine
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
UV (1 time)
2019 Degradation of cefradine in alga-containing water environment: a mechanism and kinetic study.
62  centrally form-deprived
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Both the central and peripheral retina contribute to myopia development in chicks.
63  centrifugal device
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
HTGP (1 time)
MBS (1 time)
2015 Extracorporeal Treatment in Severe Hypertriglyceridemia-Induced Pancreatitis.
64  cerebrospinal fluid diversion
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2018 [Hydrocephaly resulting from thrombophlebitis of the superior sagittal sinus due to osteitis of the cranial vault caused by Aspergillus fumigatus in an immunocompetent patient].
65  cervical facet dislocation
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Quantitative evaluation of facet deflection, stiffness, strain and failure load during simulated cervical spine trauma.
66  cervical facet joint dislocations
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Surgical treatment of traumatic cervical facet dislocation: anterior, posterior or combined approaches?
67  CFD, V
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
OFE (2 times)
RBC (1 time)
2011 Hemodynamic analysis of capillary in finger nail-fold using computational fluid dynamics and image estimation.
68  change of flow direction
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
MES (1 time)
RF (1 time)
TCCD (1 time)
2005 The depth of microembolic signal direction change corresponds with vessel anatomy.
69  characteristic fibrillar dimension
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
TMEN (1 time)
2016 Regulators of Metastasis Modulate the Migratory Response to Cell Contact under Spatial Confinement.
70  Chicago Fire Department Paramedic System
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
ppd (1 time)
UIH (1 time)
1990 Effects of nonparticipation in trauma center system on emergency department utilization.
71  Child Feeding Questionnaire
(1 time)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2011 Caregivers' attitudes and practices: influence on childhood body weight.
72  choline-free diet
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2011 Interaction between total body gamma-irradiation and choline deficiency triggers immediate modulation of choline and choline-containing moieties.
73  chow-food diet
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ATM (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
Hp (1 time)
2011 Obesity-associated hepatosteatosis and impairment of glucose homeostasis are attenuated by haptoglobin deficiency.
74  chronic fetal distress
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
AFD (1 time)
HIE (1 time)
MDI (1 time)
2008 The combined detection of umbilical cord nucleated red blood cells and lactate: early prediction of neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.
75  chronic functional diarrhoea
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
HBT (1 time)
SIBO (1 time)
2010 Lactose intolerance in patients with chronic functional diarrhoea: the role of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.
76  circulating free DNA
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
bDNA (1 time)
CA 15-3 (1 time)
2018 Diagnostic Value of Serum Concentration and Integrity of Circulating Cell-Free DNA in Breast Cancer: A Comparative Study With CEA and CA15-3.
77  circulatory failure death
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
NDS (1 time)
1994 Sudden death in diabetic subjects: evidence for a peculiar circadian variation in occurrence.
78  clear fluids alone
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
ITT (1 time)
LRB (1 time)
OBPS (1 time)
2015 Low-residue breakfast during the preparation for colonoscopy using a polyethylene glycol electrolyte solution: a randomised non-inferiority trial.
79  Clinical Findings Dictionary
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ICD (2 times)
1999 A hospital-wide clinical findings dictionary based on an extension of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD).
80  Closure of the fascial defect
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LIVHR (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2016 Meta-analysis of closure of the fascial defect during laparoscopic incisional and ventral hernia repair.
81  CNS folate deficiency
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2008 Brief report: autistic symptoms, developmental regression, mental retardation, epilepsy, and dyskinesias in CNS folate deficiency.
82  coagulation-flocculation-decantation
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Inactivation of Enterococcus faecalis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli present in treated urban wastewater by coagulation-flocculation and photo-Fenton processes.
83  coconut foliar decay disease
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CFDV (1 time)
2018 Analysis of DNAs associated with coconut foliar decay disease implicates a unique single-stranded DNA virus representing a new taxon.
84  cognitive and functional decline
(1 time)
Dementia
(1 time)
IADL (1 time)
2016 Cognitive and Functional Decline among Individuals 50 Years of Age or Older in Cambe, Parana, Brazil: A Population-Based Study.
85  collagen fibril diameter
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
OI (1 time)
2016 Osteogenesis imperfecta: Ultrastructural and histological findings on examination of skin revealing novel insights into genotype-phenotype correlation.
86  collateral filling delay
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2019 Impact of Collateral Filling Delay on the Development of Subacute Complications After Acute Ischemic Stroke.
87  color film developer
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1969 [Clinical aspects of poisoning due to color film developer (CFD)].
88  Color Flow Doppler Sonography
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
FNAB (1 time)
1995 [The use of color Doppler sonography in the diagnosis of thyroid pathology].
89  color-flow duplex ultrasonographic scanning
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Pitfalls in the use of color-flow duplex ultrasound for screening of suspected arterial injuries in penetrated extremities.
90  colorized fuzzy difference
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2017 Qualitative analysis of a sulfur-fumigated Chinese herbal medicine by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and high-resolution time of flight mass spectrometry using colorized fuzzy difference data processing.
91  combined fluorescence diagnosis
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
5-ALA (1 time)
PpIX (1 time)
2002 A comparative study of normal inspection, autofluorescence and 5-ALA-induced PPIX fluorescence for oral cancer diagnosis.
92  combined frequency distribution
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
FDs (1 time)
mMDL (1 time)
1999 Normative ranges by curve fitting to raw data.
93  Compared to the field strain
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CarE (1 time)
DEM (1 time)
GSTs (1 time)
2017 Inheritance mode and mechanisms of resistance to imidacloprid in the house fly Musca domestica (Diptera:Muscidae) from China.
94  complement factor D pre-protein
(1 time)
Genomics
(1 time)
B2M (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
HPX (1 time)
2013 Proteomic risk markers for coronary heart disease and stroke: validation and mediation of randomized trial hormone therapy effects on these diseases.
95  composite functional disability
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
Cho (1 time)
NAA (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
2016 Normalisation of brain spectroscopy findings in Niemann-Pick disease type C patients treated with miglustat.
96  compression of functional decline
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2018 New horizons in the compression of functional decline.
97  computational flow modeling
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2009 The use of computational flow modeling (CFD) to determine the effect of left ventricular shape on blood flow in the left ventricle.
98  computer aided fluid dynamics
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Dynamic Behavior of Nano-Size Dust Particles in a Magnetic Field Channel.
99  Concepts and Following Directions
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
FS (1 time)
PA (1 time)
pSTM (1 time)
2015 A Closer Look at Phonology as a Predictor of Spoken Sentence Processing and Word Reading.
100  concrete fraternal discrimination
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
RD (1 time)
1987 Relative deprivation theory and responses to discrimination in a gay male and lesbian sample.