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Abbreviation: CG
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Long forms: 917

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
control group
(3481 times)
Medicine
(234 times)
IG (537 times)
EG (464 times)
TG (339 times)
0 [The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis in hypothyroid stadium].
coarse-grained
(689 times)
Chemistry
(427 times)
MD (148 times)
AA (64 times)
MS-CG (30 times)
2003 The mechanism of vesicle fusion as revealed by molecular dynamics simulations.
Cockcroft-Gault
(359 times)
Nephrology
(83 times)
MDRD (225 times)
GFR (180 times)
eGFR (107 times)
1992 Failure of predicted creatinine clearance equations in HIV-seropositive patients.
chorionic gonadotropin
(299 times)
Endocrinology
(85 times)
LH (57 times)
FSH (25 times)
hCG (23 times)
1975 Chorionic gonadotropin in the placenta of a chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes).
complicated grief
(171 times)
Psychiatry
(73 times)
PTSD (31 times)
ICG (21 times)
MDD (9 times)
2002 Rates and risks of complicated grief among psychiatric clinic patients in Karachi, Pakistan.
ciliary ganglion
(169 times)
Neurology
(92 times)
SCG (12 times)
NGF (8 times)
NPY (8 times)
1980 Cholinergic neuronotrophic factors: V. Segregation of survival- and neurite-promoting activities in heart-conditioned media.
central gland
(121 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(25 times)
PZ (48 times)
ADC (14 times)
MH (10 times)
1976 Autoradiographic localization of estradiol-concentrating cells in the female hamster brain.
chronic gastritis
(120 times)
Gastroenterology
(38 times)
GC (26 times)
DU (20 times)
IM (20 times)
1976 Diagnosis of gastric prepyloric and antral lesions: comparison of fiberendoscopy and gastric biopsy with radiology.
center of gravity
(116 times)
Physiology
(29 times)
CP (13 times)
APA (3 times)
ATD (3 times)
1978 Utilization of stored elastic energy in leg extensor muscles by men and women.
10  cortical granule
(96 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(48 times)
ZP (13 times)
GV (12 times)
MII (12 times)
1974 Agglutination of jelly coat and cortical granule components and the block to polyspermy in the amphibian Xenopus laevis.
11  carrageenan
(93 times)
Pharmacology
(20 times)
MPO (8 times)
NO (8 times)
TNF-alpha (8 times)
1979 Effects of carrageenan, PVP and tumour-bearer serum on immunity induced by excision or mitomycin C-treated tumour cells in mice.
12  comparison group
(86 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
IG (23 times)
EG (7 times)
AD (3 times)
0 The Impact of High Protein Nutritional Support on Clinical Outcomes and Treatment Costs of Patients with Colorectal Cancer.
13  conjugate gradient
(80 times)
Biophysics
(17 times)
GA (4 times)
IMRT (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1990 Bifurcation analysis of nonlinear retinal horizontal cell models. II. Network properties.
14  cathepsin G
(71 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(14 times)
NE (27 times)
PR3 (26 times)
LF (12 times)
1989 Neutrophil cathepsin G increases calcium flux and inositol polyphosphate production in cultured endothelial cells.
15  chlorhexidine gluconate
(71 times)
Nephrology
(33 times)
PD (20 times)
EPS (13 times)
i.p (13 times)
1990 Comparison of three skin preparation techniques in the dog. Part 1: Experimental trial.
16  caregivers
(57 times)
Geriatrics
(20 times)
CR (6 times)
PD (6 times)
PWD (6 times)
1996 Insulin and glucose: relationships with hassles, anger, and hostility in nondiabetic older adults.
17  collagen-glycosaminoglycan
(54 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(28 times)
DHT (6 times)
MSCs (5 times)
MSC (4 times)
1990 Partial dermal regeneration is induced by biodegradable collagen-glycosaminoglycan grafts.
18  Collapsing glomerulopathy
(54 times)
Nephrology
(22 times)
HIV (14 times)
FSGS (11 times)
SLE (7 times)
1995 Increasing incidence of focal-segmental glomerulosclerosis among adult nephropathies: a 20-year renal biopsy study.
19  catechin gallate
(49 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
ECG (39 times)
EGCG (36 times)
EGC (26 times)
2000 Green tea compounds inhibit tyrosine phosphorylation of PDGF beta-receptor and transformation of A172 human glioblastoma.
20  cryoglobulinemia
(48 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
HCV (12 times)
Ig (4 times)
IC (3 times)
1975 [Presence of cryoprecipitates in the serum of patients with rheumatoid arthritis].
21  Cholesterol granuloma
(39 times)
Otolaryngology
(16 times)
CT (4 times)
MRI (2 times)
AIP (1 time)
1983 Cholesterol granuloma in a thyroglossal duct cyst. A case report.
22  crude glycerol
(38 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(11 times)
PHA (4 times)
CCD (3 times)
CW (3 times)
2008 Organosolv pretreatment by crude glycerol from oleochemicals industry for enzymatic hydrolysis of wheat straw.
23  groups: control
(38 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
EMF (2 times)
6MWT (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2003 Effects of ethanol and folic acid consumption during pregnancy and lactation on basal enzymatic secretion in the duodenal juice of offspring rats.
24  cingulate gyrus
(33 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
MFG (4 times)
DLPFC (3 times)
DTI (3 times)
1989 [The organization of the neuronal activity of the cortical cingulate gyrus in the waking-sleep cycle].
25  cholylglycine
(32 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
ICP (6 times)
SLCG (3 times)
CAH (2 times)
1979 [Radioimmunoassay of cholylglycine in serum (author's transl)].
26  cardiac glycoside
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
CMA (2 times)
AME (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1975 Cardiac effects of ethacrynic acid, a Na+, K+-ATPase inhibitor.
27  compression garment
(27 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
CMJ (3 times)
CON (3 times)
ES (3 times)
2008 The effects of contrast bathing and compression therapy on muscular performance.
28  cashew gum
(26 times)
Polysaccharides
(10 times)
LbL (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
MPO (2 times)
2012 Alginate/cashew gum floating bead as a matrix for larvicide release.
29  colloidal gold
(26 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
ELISA (3 times)
LFIA (3 times)
Con A (2 times)
1984 Use of colloidal gold and ruthenium red in stereo high-voltage electron microscopic study of Con A-binding sites in mouse macrophages.
30  Classic galactosemia
(25 times)
Metabolism
(8 times)
GALT (9 times)
NBS (5 times)
Gal-1-P (3 times)
2014 Body composition in young patients with galactose metabolic disorders: a preliminary report.
31  contemporary group
(24 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(16 times)
BA (2 times)
BF (2 times)
HH (2 times)
2000 Maternal birth weight breeding value as an additional factor to predict calf birth weight in beef cattle.
32  cytogenetics
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
FISH (7 times)
MDS (5 times)
CM (4 times)
1988 DNA content and genetic evolution of human colorectal adenocarcinoma. A study by flow cytometry and cytogenetic analysis.
33  chimney graft
(22 times)
Vascular Diseases
(18 times)
EVAR (6 times)
TEVAR (3 times)
ELs (2 times)
2011 Technical aspects, current indications, and results of chimney grafts for juxtarenal aortic aneurysms.
34  Cheilitis granulomatosa
(21 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
MRS (8 times)
OFG (4 times)
Bb (2 times)
1993 [A study on the relationship between cheilitis granulomatosa and Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome].
35  clinical guidelines
(21 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
NICE (7 times)
CI (2 times)
GPs (2 times)
2002 [Factors influencing the appropriation of clinical guidelines by physicians].
36  conventional group
(21 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
IG (5 times)
MG (3 times)
EG (2 times)
2006 Telecare in a structured therapeutic education programme addressed to patients with type 1 diabetes and poor metabolic control.
37  calcium gluconate
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
CC (3 times)
BT (2 times)
DTZ (2 times)
1978 Provocative agents and the diagnosis of medullary carcinoma of the thyroid gland.
38  coagulating gland
(20 times)
Histology
(6 times)
SV (12 times)
VP (5 times)
3 alpha-HSOR (3 times)
1981 Development of seminal vesicles and coagulating glands in neonatal mice. I. The morphogenetic effects of various hormonal conditions.
39  Compensatory growth
(20 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
GH (3 times)
ADLIB (2 times)
IGF-I (2 times)
1990 Growth hormone, insulin, prolactin and glucose levels in ewe and ram lambs during normal and compensatory growth.
40  computer graphics
(20 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
VR (4 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
AVFs (1 time)
1989 New trends in computer graphics and computer vision to assist functional neurosurgery.
41  cingulum
(19 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
FA (11 times)
DTI (9 times)
SLF (8 times)
2006 Potential of diffusion tensor MRI in the assessment of periventricular leukomalacia.
42  cisplatin/gemcitabine
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
NSCLC (9 times)
OS (6 times)
CP (4 times)
2003 First-line gemcitabine with cisplatin or epirubicin in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: a phase III trial.
43  Combat Gauze
(18 times)
Military Medicine
(5 times)
SG (4 times)
WS (3 times)
MAP (2 times)
0 Evaluation of XSTAT and QuickClot Combat Gauze in a Swine Model of Lethal Junctional Hemorrhage in Coagulopathic Swine.
44  cytosine-guanine
(18 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
AT (5 times)
AUC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1993 Specific recognition of CG base pairs by 2-deoxynebularine within the purine.purine.pyrimidine triple-helix motif.
45  cancer-germline
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
EOC (4 times)
NO (2 times)
DNMTs (1 time)
2005 Expression of MHC class I, MHC class II, and cancer germline antigens in neuroblastoma.
46  clonal group
(17 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(7 times)
KPC (5 times)
KPC-Kp (5 times)
ST (4 times)
2010 Characterization of multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli isolated from extraintestinal clinical infections in animals.
47  cystitis glandularis
(17 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
ELISA (3 times)
IL-6 (3 times)
CC (2 times)
1988 Prostate specific antigen and acid phosphatase-reactive cells in cystitis cystica and glandularis.
48  calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AR (4 times)
AGEs (2 times)
EC (2 times)
2007 Alleviation of osteoarthritis by calycosin-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (CG) isolated from Astragali radix (AR) in rabbit osteoarthritis (OA) model.
49  carbonyl groups
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
MDA (9 times)
AGEs (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
1996 Protein oxidation in hemodialysis and kidney transplantation.
50  chitosan-gelatin
(15 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(8 times)
CFD (2 times)
ECM (2 times)
PCL (2 times)
2004 Chitosan/gelatin composite microcarrier for hepatocyte culture.
51  Clinical Governance
(15 times)
Health Services Research
(3 times)
CGCQ (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2010 OPTIGOV - A new methodology for evaluating Clinical Governance implementation by health providers.
52  cerebral ganglia
(14 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
BG (1 time)
CDC (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1985 Heterogeneity of peptides released by electrically active neuroendocrine caudodorsal cells of Lymnaea stagnalis.
53  Cockcroft-Gault formula
(14 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
GFR (10 times)
MDRD (6 times)
Ccr (2 times)
1999 Glomerular filtration rate estimation from plasma creatinine after inhibition of tubular secretion: relevance of the creatinine assay.
54  corn grain
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
BG (4 times)
CS (4 times)
AH (3 times)
2003 In situ intestinal digestibility of dry matter and crude protein of cereal grains and rapeseed in sheep.
55  care group
(12 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
NCG (2 times)
SG (2 times)
AAG (1 time)
1989 Knowledge and practice of oral rehydration therapy in a village in Gazankulu after the introduction of the Morley spoon.
56  cerebellar granule
(12 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
DPP6 (3 times)
SA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1996 Effects on K+ currents in rat cerebellar granule neurones of a membrane-permeable analogue of the calcium chelator BAPTA.
57  Cerebralcare Granule
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
I/R (2 times)
BBB (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
2009 The antioxidant Cerebralcare Granule attenuates cerebral microcirculatory disturbance during ischemia-reperfusion injury.
58  chest girth
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
BL (7 times)
HW (5 times)
TL (5 times)
2002 Lack of association of GH1 and POU1F1 gene variants with meat production traits in Piemontese cattle.
59  computer games
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
AT (4 times)
CR (3 times)
ESZ (2 times)
2011 Effects of high aerobic intensity training in patients with schizophrenia: a controlled trial.
60  Cheilitis glandularis
(11 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
SCC (2 times)
AQPs (1 time)
RCM (1 time)
1984 Cheilitis glandularis: a re-evaluation.
61  chronic glomerulonephritis
(11 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
CP (3 times)
CA (1 time)
CIC (1 time)
1985 Progression of renal failure in patients with renal disease of diverse etiology on protein-restricted diet.
62  common ground
(11 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BP (2 times)
MP (2 times)
TP (2 times)
1994 Pitch perception for different modes of stimulation using the cochlear multiple-electrode prosthesis.
63  contrast-to-gradient
(11 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
SEM (3 times)
ROI (2 times)
SNR (2 times)
1992 Novel, contrast gradient-oriented, automated chromatin texture analysis. I. Feasibility study on nuclei from benign and malignant breast epithelial cell lines in fine needle aspirates.
64  cycloguanil
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
PG (8 times)
CPB (4 times)
4CPB (1 time)
1987 Single dose pharmacokinetics of proguanil and its metabolites in healthy subjects.
65  central gray area
(10 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
LH (8 times)
MH (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1982 Approach responses for mesencephalic central gray stimulation are facilitated by D-amphetamine or food deprivation.
66  chromaffin granules
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
APP (1 time)
APPs (1 time)
Arg-MCA (1 time)
1985 The use of monoclonal antibodies in the study of the interaction between adrenal medullary cell membranes and chromaffin granules.
67  collagen gel
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
BM (2 times)
ECM (2 times)
PBS (2 times)
1993 Mucin synthesis and secretion by cultured tracheal cells: effects of collagen gel substratum thickness.
68  congenital glaucoma
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
IOP (3 times)
AACS (1 time)
ACG (1 time)
2007 Nonpenetrating external trabeculectomy for congenital glaucoma: a retrospective study.
69  containing a
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
dI (1 time)
DPAGE (1 time)
ICL (1 time)
1985 Transcriptional block caused by a negative supercoiling induced structural change in an alternating CG sequence.
70  candidate gene
(9 times)
Genetics
(5 times)
QTL (3 times)
ACGMs (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
2004 Molecular markers from the transcribed/expressed region of the genome in higher plants.
71  capsular glaucoma
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
IOP (5 times)
POAG (4 times)
ECCE (2 times)
1986 Intraocular lens implantation in exfoliation syndrome and capsular glaucoma.
72  computer-generated
(9 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
FASD (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
lOFC (1 time)
2005 Cyber-anthropology: a new study on human and technological co-evolution.
73  cationized gelatin
(8 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(3 times)
ALG (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CG-PLLA NFM (1 time)
2002 Controlled release of plasmid DNA from cationized gelatin hydrogels based on hydrogel degradation.
74  Chordoid glioma
(8 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
GFAP (2 times)
GTR (2 times)
EOR (1 time)
2015 Chordoid glioma: a rare radiologically, histologically, and clinically mystifying lesion.
75  chronic gingivitis
(8 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CP (6 times)
AgP (2 times)
CAL (2 times)
1987 Hyaluronic acid and hyaluronidase activity in gingival exudate from sites of acute ulcerative gingivitis in man.
76  chrysamine G
(8 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AD (4 times)
123I-SAP (2 times)
CR (2 times)
1994 Development of small molecule probes for the beta-amyloid protein of Alzheimer's disease.
77  Cockcroft-Gault equation
(8 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
GFR (5 times)
MDRD (4 times)
CKD-EPI (3 times)
2002 Creatinine clearance, Cockcroft-Gault formula and cystatin C: estimators of true glomerular filtration rate in the elderly?
78  control gene
(8 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
FG (5 times)
B2M (2 times)
EAC (2 times)
2003 Evaluation of candidate control genes for diagnosis and residual disease detection in leukemic patients using 'real-time' quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) - a Europe against cancer program.
79  cysteinylglycine
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
Cys (4 times)
GGT (3 times)
GGC (2 times)
1989 Effect of pH on mutagenesis by thiols in Salmonella typhimurium TA102.
80  capillary glycemia
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CGMS (4 times)
20th (1 time)
AC (1 time)
2005 Efficacy of continuous glucose monitoring system to detect unrecognized hypoglycemia in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.
81  central gray matter
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AM (2 times)
CTX (1 time)
DBH (1 time)
1976 Cholinergic and serotonergic neural links and the inhibitory effects of hippocampus, lateral amygdala and central gray matter on gonadotropin release.
82  clinical grade
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CIDP (3 times)
GS (3 times)
NDS (3 times)
1994 Correlation between clinical, electromyographic and dysautonomic evolution of familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy of the Portuguese type.
83  continuous grazing
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
RG (3 times)
SOC (2 times)
10EX (1 time)
2003 [Influences of grazing and exclosure on carbon sequestration in degraded sandy grassland, Inner Mongolia, north China].
84  corticogeniculate
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
LGN (3 times)
ChR2 (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1984 Visual cortical input alters spatial tuning in monkey lateral geniculate nucleus cells.
85  cytological grading
(7 times)
Cytodiagnosis
(3 times)
HG (4 times)
FNAC (3 times)
SBR (2 times)
2005 Cytologic scoring of endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the endometrium.
86  chewing gum
(6 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
RCTs (2 times)
ACG (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
1981 Comparative effects of xylitol- and sucrose-sweetened chew tablets and chewing gums on plaque quantity.
87  chitin-glucan
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
HF (2 times)
CE-CsG (1 time)
CM-CG (1 time)
2009 Fungal chitin-glucan from Aspergillus niger efficiently reduces aortic fatty streak accumulation in the high-fat fed hamster, an animal model of nutritionally induced atherosclerosis.
88  collagen
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
CS (2 times)
NFM (2 times)
Ti (2 times)
2009 Biomimetic macroporous hydrogels: protein ligand distribution and cell response to the ligand architecture in the scaffold.
89  collagen-GAG
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
BP (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
GAGs (1 time)
1998 Early peripheral nerve healing in collagen and silicone tube implants: myofibroblasts and the cellular response.
90  Collagenous gastritis
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
GI (1 time)
2009 Collagenous gastritis: histopathologic features and association with other gastrointestinal diseases.
91  colloid goiter
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
FA (2 times)
HT (2 times)
PTC (2 times)
1986 Class II antigens in Hashimoto thyroiditis. II. Expression of HLA-DR on infiltrating mononuclear cells in peripolesis.
92  complementation group
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CHO (2 times)
DBP (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
1994 Complementation group assignments of moderately UV-sensitive CHO mutants isolated by large-scale screening (FAECB).
93  complex gastroschisis
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
SG (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
EABD (1 time)
2007 Complicated gastroschisis and maternal smoking: a causal association?
94  contralateral group
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
IG (5 times)
CL (4 times)
DF (4 times)
1997 Transinguinal laparoscopic examination of the contralateral groin in pediatric herniorrhaphy.
95  cultivated ginseng
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
MCG (4 times)
NF-kappaB (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2012 Cultivated ginseng suppresses ultraviolet B-induced collagenase activation via mitogen-activated protein kinases and nuclear factor kappaB/activator protein-1-dependent signaling in human dermal fibroblasts.
96  Cypriot Greek
(6 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(4 times)
SMG (2 times)
TD (2 times)
VOT (2 times)
2010 Development of voice onset time in standard-Greek and Cypriot-Greek-speaking preschoolers.
97  capillary glucose
(5 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
AMR (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CGMS (1 time)
2004 Risk factors for the development of posttransplantation diabetes mellitus in simultaneous pancreas and kidney recipients.
98  chitosan glutamate
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
CH (2 times)
HPMC (2 times)
CBZ (1 time)
2006 Nasal administration of carbamazepine using chitosan microspheres: in vitro/in vivo studies.
99  chronic atrophic gastritis
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
DU (2 times)
GC (2 times)
IM (2 times)
1993 Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with precancerous changes and gastric cancer.
100  cloacal gland
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CVOL (2 times)
HS (2 times)
LS (2 times)
2007 Maternal corticosterone further reduces the reproductive function of male offspring hatched from eggs laid by quail hens selected for exaggerated adrenocortical stress responsiveness.