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Abbreviation: CHI
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Long forms: 207

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
closed head injury
(458 times)
Neurology
(195 times)
TBI (61 times)
GCS (17 times)
NSS (14 times)
1981 Ventricular enlargement after closed head injury.
chitosan
(370 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(66 times)
LbL (53 times)
HA (38 times)
ALG (37 times)
2001 Bioadhesive characteristics of chitosan microspheres to the mucosa of rat small intestine.
Congenital hyperinsulinism
(287 times)
Endocrinology
(124 times)
HH (10 times)
PET (10 times)
ATP (8 times)
1999 Congenital hyperinsulinism: molecular basis of a heterogeneous disease.
chalcone isomerase
(155 times)
Botany
(42 times)
CHS (78 times)
PAL (38 times)
DFR (31 times)
1987 Chalcone isomerase cDNA cloning and mRNA induction by fungal elicitor, wounding and infection.
chitinase
(55 times)
Botany
(14 times)
GLU (27 times)
PAL (24 times)
POD (17 times)
1995 Enhanced quantitative resistance against fungal disease by combinatorial expression of different barley antifungal proteins in transgenic tobacco.
cycloheximide
(43 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
CAP (4 times)
TNF (4 times)
ActD (2 times)
1973 Effect of chloramphenicol and cycloheximide on the induction of nitrate reductase and nitrite reductase in bean leaves.
consumer health informatics
(38 times)
Medical Informatics
(22 times)
AI (1 time)
HIMH (1 time)
HOPE (1 time)
1986 Providing consumer health information via health professionals.
chronic HIV infection
(37 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(10 times)
PHI (12 times)
ART (8 times)
AHI (5 times)
2000 Rapid restoration of CD4 T cell subsets in subjects receiving antiretroviral therapy during primary HIV-1 infection.
contrast harmonic imaging
(37 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
CEUS (10 times)
HCC (6 times)
THI (6 times)
2000 [Comparison of contrast harmonic imaging in B-mode with stimulated acoustic emission, conventional B-mode US and spiral CT in the detection of focal liver lesions].
10  community health insurance
(28 times)
Public Health
(16 times)
OOP (2 times)
AAA (1 time)
ACCORD (1 time)
2002 [Economic stimulation as a factor of enhancing the effectiveness of health care].
11  creatinine height index
(28 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
BMI (6 times)
TSF (5 times)
IBW (4 times)
1982 Comparison of nutritional indices and outcome in critically ill patients.
12  Community Health Index
(23 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
ADL (1 time)
AHP (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
1990 How complete can cervical screening be? The outcome of a call screening programme for women aged 20-60 years in Perth and Kinross.
13  Chronic histiocytic intervillositis
(22 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
MPFD (3 times)
LMWH (2 times)
VUE (2 times)
2006 Placental pathology of recurrent spontaneous abortion: the role of histopathological examination of products of conception in routine clinical practice: a mini review.
14  cognitively healthy individuals
(20 times)
Geriatrics
(8 times)
MCI (12 times)
CoV (5 times)
TUG (4 times)
2011 Test-retest reliability of stride time variability while dual tasking in healthy and demented adults with frontotemporal degeneration.
15  chalcone flavanone isomerase
(19 times)
Botany
(7 times)
CHS (6 times)
DFR (4 times)
4CL (3 times)
1987 A novel purification procedure for chalcone flavanone isomerase from Petunia hybrida and the use of its antibodies to characterize the Po mutation.
16  Congenital hyperinsulinism of infancy
(19 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
SCHAD (2 times)
SUR1 (2 times)
WT (2 times)
2005 Noninvasive diagnosis of focal hyperinsulinism of infancy with [18F]-DOPA positron emission tomography.
17  chromatographic hydrophobicity index
(15 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
HPLC (2 times)
QSPR (2 times)
ADME (1 time)
1997 Chromatographic Hydrophobicity Index by Fast-Gradient RP-HPLC:  A High-Throughput Alternative to log P/log D.
18  controlled human infection
(14 times)
Ethics
(7 times)
CHHI (1 time)
CHI-S (1 time)
SARS-CoV-2 (1 time)
2014 The potential for a controlled human infection platform in Singapore.
19  concussive head injury
(12 times)
Brain
(7 times)
BBB (4 times)
TBI (3 times)
CBL (2 times)
2003 Caffeine impairs short-term neurological outcome after concussive head injury in rats.
20  critical hand ischemia
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(10 times)
BTE (6 times)
PTA (3 times)
AFS (1 time)
2010 Angioplasty of ulnar or radial arteries to treat critical hand ischemia: use of 3- and 4-French systems.
21  Catholic Health Initiatives
(10 times)
Hospitals
(7 times)
CHCF (2 times)
DOT (2 times)
CAUTI (1 time)
1997 Unique governance for a national ministry. Catholic Health Initiatives' board structure empowers laity, supports mission.
22  Commission for Health Improvement
(9 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
NHS (2 times)
MH/LD (1 time)
OFSTED (1 time)
2001 Avoiding another Lakeland.
23  Chinese Happiness Inventory
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AAT (1 time)
CFI (1 time)
CSSRS (1 time)
2014 Regional homogeneity of intrinsic brain activity in happy and unhappy individuals.
24  congenital hearing impairment
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ABR (2 times)
AABR (1 time)
AAP (1 time)
2002 Six year effectiveness of a population based two tier infant hearing screening programme.
25  chitin
(5 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
AAm (1 time)
CDC (1 time)
CHS (1 time)
2008 Differential induction of protein expression and benzophenanthridine alkaloid accumulation in Eschscholtzia californica suspension cultures by methyl jasmonate and yeast extract.
26  computer-human interaction
(5 times)
Systems Analysis
(1 time)
HCI (1 time)
VMC (1 time)
1991 Computer human interaction for image information systems.
27  coracohumeral interval
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
ASCT (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
2010 Sonography of the coracohumeral interval: a potential technique for diagnosing coracoid impingement.
28  Cerebral Hypoperfusion Ischemia
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
LTP (2 times)
CRP (1 time)
DG (1 time)
2013 Improvement in Memory and Brain Long-term Potentiation Deficits Due to Permanent Hypoperfusion/Ischemia by Grape Seed Extract in Rats.
29  cerebral hypoxia-ischemia
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
BIV (1 time)
CAI (1 time)
CCRs (1 time)
1998 Changes in excitatory amino acid levels and tissue energy metabolites of neonate rat brain after hypoxia and hypoxia-ischemia.
30  children with hearing impairment
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
GI (1 time)
2014 Impact of visual instruction on oral hygiene status of children with hearing impairment.
31  Children's Health Ireland
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
EAR (1 time)
HSE (1 time)
LTMV (1 time)
2021 Dietary intake and growth in children with Prader-Willi syndrome.
32  chronic
(4 times)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
cART (1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
2013 Is clinical practice concordant with the changes in guidelines for antiretroviral therapy initiation during primary and chronic HIV-1 infection? The ANRS PRIMO and COPANA cohorts.
33  chronic heart insufficiency
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
CHI-PEF (1 time)
DMP (1 time)
1985 [Calciuretic function of the kidneys in chronic cardiac insufficiency].
34  Coral Health Index
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
IMM (1 time)
PAD (1 time)
pLOCL (1 time)
2011 Optimizing medical resources for spaceflight using the integrated medical model.
35  caudate head index
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
BF (1 time)
CT (1 time)
ER (1 time)
1994 [A longitudinal study of brain atrophy and its relation with background factors and common carotid hemodynamics].
36  chidamide
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BTZ (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
HDAC (1 time)
2021 Chidamide Combined With Doxorubicin Induced p53-Driven Cell Cycle Arrest and Cell Apoptosis Reverse Multidrug Resistance of Breast Cancer.
37  Chinese herbal injection
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
EB (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2015 [Preclinical evaluation of pseudoallergic reactions on Chinese herbal injections: study on animal strain and gender difference].
38  chitosan hydrogel
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ADMSCs (1 time)
CBG (1 time)
GCE (1 time)
2017 131I-labeled chitosan hydrogels for radioembolization: A preclinical study in small animals.
39  chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticides
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
EC (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
1975 Bacterial bioconcentration of chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticides from aqueous systems.
40  cholestatic hepatic injury
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ANIT (1 time)
BDL (1 time)
BMDMs (1 time)
2020 Deficiency of TGR5 exacerbates immune-mediated cholestatic hepatic injury by stabilizing the β-catenin destruction complex.
41  chronic hazard index
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Cd (2 times)
Co (2 times)
Cr (2 times)
2015 Heavy metals in soils along unpaved roads in south west Cameroon: Contamination levels and health risks.
42  chronic heart injury
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ADR (1 time)
EF (1 time)
EMSA (1 time)
2015 Age-Dependent Alterations in the Interactions of NF-kappaB and N-myc with GLT-1/EAAT2 Promoter in the Pericontusional Cortex of Mice Subjected to Traumatic Brain Injury.
43  Chronic histiocytic intervillositis of the placenta
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
LPS (1 time)
MMP-9 (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2010 Pathological characteristics of a series of rare chronic histiocytic intervillositis ofthe placenta.
44  closed head injury patients
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AVLT (1 time)
1988 Language and speech defects.
45  community health improvement
(3 times)
CHNA (2 times)
IS (2 times)
ACO (1 time)
2001 Linking community health improvement with clinical strategies.
46  complex haploinsufficiency
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
PKA (1 time)
SM (1 time)
2006 Modeling complex genetic interactions in a simple eukaryotic genome: actin displays a rich spectrum of complex haploinsufficiencies.
47  Cumulative Hypersensitivity Index
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BEWE (1 time)
DH (1 time)
2013 Validation of a Cumulative Hypersensitivity Index (CHI) for dentine hypersensitivity severity.
48  Capra hircus
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
BTA (1 time)
OAR (1 time)
2020 Identification of Some Errors in the Genome Assembly of Bovidae by FISH.
49  Carbohydrate Intrinsic
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ADV (1 time)
chi_cutoff (1 time)
VC (1 time)
2014 Importance of ligand conformational energies in carbohydrate docking: Sorting the wheat from the chaff.
50  Carcinologic Handicap Index
(2 times)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2017 The Carcinologic Handicap Index (CHI): A disability self-assessment questionnaire for head and neck cancer patients.
51  cardiovascular health index
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CVD (2 times)
AHP (1 time)
PLAD (1 time)
2018 Construction of China cardiovascular health index.
52  Centre for Health Informatics
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ICT (1 time)
2007 The Centre for Health Informatics at the University of New South Wales--a clinical informatics research centre.
53  Cerebellar hemorrhagic injury
(2 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2013 Cerebellar hemorrhagic injury in premature infants occurs during a vulnerable developmental period and is associated with wider neuropathology.
54  chalcone flavonone isomerase gene
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
HSYA (1 time)
1994 Isolation and characterization of a maize gene encoding chalcone flavonone isomerase.
55  chalcone isomerase gene
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ANS (1 time)
CHS (1 time)
DFR (1 time)
2015 Identification of flavonoids and expression of flavonoid biosynthetic genes in two coloured tree peony flowers.
56  Charlson Index
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CIRS-SI (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
MCS (1 time)
1999 Chronic comorbidity and outcomes of hospital care: length of stay, mortality, and readmission at 30 and 365 days.
57  Childhood hearing impairment
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
dB (1 time)
RRs (1 time)
2014 Screening, rubella vaccination, and childhood hearing impairment in Taiwan.
58  Children's Hostility Inventory
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
CIA (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of a children's temper-taming program.
59  chitosan coating
(2 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
LEO (1 time)
OVEO (1 time)
TBA (1 time)
2016 A Chitosan Coating Containing Essential Oil from Origanum vulgare L. to Control Postharvest Mold Infections and Keep the Quality of Cherry Tomato Fruit.
60  chitosan oligomer
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
TEM (1 time)
XRD (1 time)
2016 Antimicrobial Silver Chloride Nanoparticles Stabilized with Chitosan Oligomer for the Healing of Burns.
61  chloroinconazide
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
TMV (1 time)
2020 Synthetic chloroinconazide compound exhibits highly efficient antiviral activity against tobacco mosaic virus.
62  closed head impact
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
APP (1 time)
BWC (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2015 Characterization of Closed Head Impact Injury in Rat.
63  coaxial helicity injection
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NSTX (1 time)
2003 Demonstration of plasma startup by coaxial helicity injection.
64  commercial health insurance
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
HBV (1 time)
NRCMS (1 time)
URBMI (1 time)
2018 Development of Commercial Health Insurance in China: A Systematic Literature Review.
65  Community Health Initiative
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
AANHPI (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
NLW (1 time)
2020 Egocentric social networks, lifestyle behaviors, and body size in the Asian Community Health Initiative (CHI) cohort.
66  complementary health insurance
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
WTP (1 time)
2016 Does Using Complementary Health Insurance Affect Hospital Length of Stay? Evidence from Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients.
67  congenital hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
i.v (1 time)
s.c (1 time)
SoS (1 time)
2019 Partial diazoxide responsiveness in a neonate with hyperinsulinism due to homozygous ABCC8 mutation.
68  Congenital Hyperinsulinism International
(2 times)
Endocrine System Diseases
(2 times)
HI (2 times)
HIGR (1 time)
2022 Congenital Hyperinsulinism International: A Community Focused on Improving the Lives of People Living With Congenital Hyperinsulinism.
69  Consolidated Health Informatics
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DoD (1 time)
EHR (1 time)
UMLS (1 time)
2008 Use of RxNorm to exchange codified drug allergy information between Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and Department of Defense (DoD).
70  contraction homogeneity index
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
DCM (1 time)
EF (1 time)
GBPS (1 time)
2008 Comparison of left ventricular contraction homogeneity index using SPECT gated blood pool imaging and planar phase analysis.
71  Contrast harmonic ultrasound
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
--- 2007 Contrast harmonic ultrasound and indocyanine-green fluorescence video angiography for evaluation of dermal and subdermal microcirculation in free parascapular flaps.
72  contrast-enhanced harmonic imaging
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
CCDS (1 time)
ICG (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2007 Value of high resolution ultrasound and contrast enhanced US pulse inversion imaging for the evaluation of the vascular integrity of free-flap grafts.
73  cumulative human impact
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BCUs (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2019 Using cumulative human-impact models to reveal global threat patterns for seahorses.
74  (SAL-SWNT-CHI-HA complexes) based on chitosan
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CSCs (1 time)
HA (1 time)
SAL (1 time)
2014 The effect of hyaluronic acid functionalized carbon nanotubes loaded with salinomycin on gastric cancer stem cells.
75  C hyointestinalis
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
CFF (1 time)
CJC (1 time)
1984 Campylobacter microagglutination tests of swine with proliferative enteritis.
76  capillary hemangioma
(1 time)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2021 Effect of Oral Propranolol on Periocular Infantile Capillary Hemangioma: Outcomes Based on Extent of Involvement.
77  Capillary Hemangiomas of Infancy
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2018 Effect of oral propranolol on periocular Capillary Hemangiomas of Infancy.
78  Capra hircus autosome
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
QTL (1 time)
SCC (1 time)
2018 Genome-wide association mapping for type and mammary health traits in French dairy goats identifies a pleiotropic region on chromosome 19 in the Saanen breed.
79  Capra hircus chromosomes
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
QTL (1 time)
2014 Genome-scan analysis for genetic mapping of quantitative trait loci underlying birth weight and onset of puberty in doe kids (Capra hircus).
80  carboxyheptylimidazole
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
TXB2 (1 time)
1986 The roles of prostaglandin endoperoxides, thromboxane A2 and adenosine diphosphate in collagen-induced aggregation in man and the rat.
81  carcinogenic hazard indexes
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
BBP (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
DEHP (1 time)
2022 Occurrence and health risk assessment of phthalate esters in tobacco and soils in tobacco-producing areas of Guizhou province, southwest China.
82  cardiac hemodynamic indices
(1 time)
Circadian Rhythm
(1 time)
1K-1C AH (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
2019 Circadian Variation in Vasoconstriction and Vasodilation Mediators and Baroreflex Sensitivity in Hypertensive Rats.
83  cardiac hybrid imaging
(1 time)
Molecular Imaging
(1 time)
CCTA (1 time)
gMPS (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
2022 Correlation of Morphological and Functional Cardiac Images: Fusion of Myocardial Perfusion SPECT and CT Angiography.
84  caregiver-mediated, home-based intervention
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Caregiver-mediated intervention can improve physical functional recovery of patients with chronic stroke: a randomized controlled trial.
85  carpal height index
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CCS (1 time)
ICS (1 time)
LHI (1 time)
2021 Capitate shortening osteotomy with or without vascularized bone grafting for the treatment of early stages of Kienbock's disease.
86  Catalan Health Institute
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Crisis in the health sector: Impact on nurses' working conditions.
87  Catastrophic Coverage Act
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 1991 The short life and painful death of the Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act.
88  Center for Human Immunology
(1 time)
HIPC (1 time)
2017 Multicohort analysis reveals baseline transcriptional predictors of influenza vaccination responses.
89  Center for Human Immunology, Autoimmunity, and Inflammation
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2013 The National Institutes of Health Center for Human Immunology, Autoimmunity, and Inflammation: history and progress.
90  Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2020 Maternal Obesity Influences Placental Nutrient Transport, Inflammatory Status, and Morphology in Human Term Placenta.
91  Cephalothorax hepatopancreas index
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ACAP (1 time)
GST (1 time)
2012 Biochemical responses and physiological status in the crab Hemigrapsus crenulatus (Crustacea, Varunidae) from high anthropogenically-impacted estuary (Lenga, south-central Chile).
92  cerebral hemodynamics improving
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
EP (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2020 Non-pharmacological interventions to reduce the incidence and duration of delirium in critically ill patients: A systematic review and network meta-analysis.
93  cerebral hemorrhage or infarction
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ECMO (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
US (1 time)
1992 Neurodevelopmental outcome in neonates after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: cranial magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography correlation.
94  cerebral hemorrhagic insult
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
cEEG (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2002 [Comparative analysis of clinical computer electroencephalographic findings in patients with acute cerebral hemispheric and hemorrhagic stroke].
95  Chair Heterogeneity Index
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
VMAT (1 time)
2018 Chair Heterogeneity Index: Describing the dose heterogeneity inside the tumor volume where there is a boost volume.
96  Chair Index
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
1ARC (1 time)
VMAT (1 time)
2017 Advantages of a technique using two 50 degree arcs in simultaneous integrated boost radiotherapy for left-sidebreast cancer.
97  chalcone isomerase from Medicago sativa
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CHS (1 time)
F6H (1 time)
FNSI (1 time)
2018 Production of plant-specific flavones baicalein and scutellarein in an engineered E. coli from available phenylalanine and tyrosine.
98  chalcone-dihydroflavone isomerase
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
HR (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
2021 Antiviral agent fTDP stimulates the SA signaling pathway and enhances tobacco defense against tobacco mosaic virus.
99  character, including chitosan
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PGA (1 time)
PLL (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2011 Enhancement of surface wettability via the modification of microtextured titanium implant surfaces with polyelectrolytes.
100  Chi square testing
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
IG (1 time)
2019 A machine learning autism classification based on logistic regression analysis.