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Abbreviation: CHL
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Long forms: 142

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
conductive hearing loss
(135 times)
Otolaryngology
(64 times)
SNHL (31 times)
TM (9 times)
NH (8 times)
1981 Use of tympanostomy tubes in otitis media.
chlorophyllin
(123 times)
Neoplasms
(38 times)
SOD (12 times)
POD (9 times)
ROS (8 times)
1988 Effects of three phenolic compounds onLemna gibba G3.
Chinese hamster lung
(119 times)
Toxicology
(20 times)
SCE (6 times)
MN (5 times)
ELF (4 times)
1975 Quantitative comparison of techniques used to measure complement-mediated cytotoxicity of nucleated cells.
chloramphenicol
(80 times)
Microbiology
(16 times)
Tet (36 times)
CIP (22 times)
AMP (21 times)
1974 Genetic mapping of linked antibiotic resistance loci in Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
cholesterol
(64 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
HDL (13 times)
TG (13 times)
PE (10 times)
1980 Epidemiological analysis on the mechanism of cigarette smoking as a risk factor in cardiovascular diseases.
chlorambucil
(52 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
CLL (4 times)
B-CLL (3 times)
CR (3 times)
1982 Enhancement by electron-affinic agents of the therapeutic effects of cytotoxic agents against the KHT tumor: structure-activity relationships.
crown-heel length
(33 times)
Pediatrics
(11 times)
HC (13 times)
BW (8 times)
WT (7 times)
1979 Foot length--a new and potentially useful measurement in the neonate.
combined hyperlipidemia
(28 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
LDL (7 times)
HC (6 times)
apo (4 times)
1986 Biliary lipid secretion in patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia and combined hyperlipidemia. Influence of bezafibrate and fenofibrate.
coracohumeral ligament
(27 times)
Orthopedics
(11 times)
SGHL (5 times)
MRI (4 times)
US (4 times)
1996 Tensile properties of the superior glenohumeral and coracohumeral ligaments.
10  chloroquine
(23 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
MEF (4 times)
P-gp (3 times)
PRI (3 times)
1990 Effects of interferon in malaria infection.
11  chloroform
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
EA (7 times)
DCM (4 times)
PE (4 times)
1998 [Observation of antiarrhythmic effects of Cinnamomum migao H. W. Li on experimental arrhythmia].
12  Chinese hamster lung cells
(16 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
AP (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
1979 Chromosomal aberration tests on 29 chemicals combined with S9 mix in vitro.
13  Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ABP (1 time)
ABPOs (1 time)
AC-DDTC (1 time)
1986 EGF and insulin action in fibroblasts. Evidence that phosphoinositide hydrolysis is not an essential mitogenic signalling pathway.
14  Children's Healthy Living
(14 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
BHCK (2 times)
CE (1 time)
CEP (1 time)
2013 Children's Healthy Living (CHL) Program for remote underserved minority populations in the Pacific region: rationale and design of a community randomized trial to prevent early childhood obesity.
15  chlorpyrifos
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
IPU (3 times)
AChE (2 times)
LCY (2 times)
1997 Hypothermia and delayed fever in the male and female rat exposed to chlorpyrifos.
16  chlordane
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
HCH (6 times)
OC (5 times)
CBz (4 times)
1997 Geographical variation of persistent organochlorine concentrations in blubber of ringed seal (Phoca hispida) from the Canadian Arctic: univariate and multivariate approaches.
17  children with hearing loss
(9 times)
Audiology
(7 times)
CNH (6 times)
ANS (1 time)
AV (1 time)
2013 Wordlikeness and word learning in children with hearing loss.
18  congenital hearing loss
(9 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
AABR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DHI (1 time)
1999 Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome: neurologic and cardiologic evaluation.
19  cavernous hemangioma of the liver
(8 times)
Science
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
AVS (1 time)
1997 Source of blood supply and embolization treatment in cavernous hemangioma and sclerosis of the liver.
20  Chang liver
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
COX-2 (2 times)
HCV (2 times)
ADR (1 time)
2001 The hepatitis B virus-X protein activates a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent survival signaling cascade.
21  chlorpheniramine
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CIM (2 times)
CSR (2 times)
HA (2 times)
1980 The effects of cocaine, chlorpheniramine and tripelennamine on the cardiac responses to sympathetic nerve stimulation.
22  chlorogenic acid
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
MMP (3 times)
G6PT (2 times)
Glc-6-Pase (2 times)
1997 Chlorogenic acid and hydroxynitrobenzaldehyde: new inhibitors of hepatic glucose 6-phosphatase.
23  chelerythrine
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
ADC (1 time)
BHb (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2015 A comparative study on the interaction of the putative anticancer alkaloids, sanguinarine and chelerythrine, with single- and double-stranded, and heat-denatured DNAs.
24  Chlorisondamine
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
AII (1 time)
AMB (1 time)
DMK-cut (1 time)
1974 Effect of preganglionic nerve stimulation on sensitivity of the superior cervical ganglion to nicotinic blocking agents.
25  chloral hydrate
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
BEA (2 times)
MSF (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
1998 The quantification of intrahemispheric EEG asymmetry in rat.
26  chlorhexidine
(5 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
NS (1 time)
Oct (1 time)
1995 The impact of exit-site care and catheter design on the incidence of catheter-related infections.
27  chlorpropamide
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
GLI (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
1986 Sulphonylureas and glucose metabolism in phenobarbital induced rats.
28  chloranil
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DDQ (3 times)
CT (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2011 Geometry and quadratic nonlinearity of charge transfer complexes in solution: a theoretical study.
29  chlorothricin
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
1,3-BPG (1 time)
6-MSA (1 time)
6-MSAS (1 time)
2006 Cloning and characterization of a bacterial iterative type I polyketide synthase gene encoding the 6-methylsalicyclic acid synthase.
30  conductive HL
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
HL (3 times)
SNHL (2 times)
2-DG (1 time)
1999 Conductive hearing loss results in a decrease in central auditory system activity in the young gerbil.
31  N-bis(2-chloroethyl)aminophenyl-butyrate
(4 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
PHE (4 times)
PRI (2 times)
SCE (2 times)
2009 Genotoxic, cytostatic, antineoplastic and apoptotic effects of newly synthesized antitumour steroidal esters.
32  3beta-doxyl-5alpha-cholestane
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
5-DSA (3 times)
EPR (3 times)
SC (2 times)
2007 Spin-probe investigations of head group behavior in aqueous dispersions of a nonionic amphiphilic compound.
33  Children's Healthy Living Program
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
EPAO (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2015 Children's Healthy Living Program (CHL) Indigenous Workforce Training to Prevent Childhood Obesity in the Underserved U.S. Affiliated Pacific Region.
34  chlortetracycline
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
OXY (2 times)
Tet (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
2001 Inhibition tests for detection and presumptive identification of tetracyclines, beta-lactam antibiotics and quinolones in poultry meat.
35  chlorthalidone
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
AMI (1 time)
ATE (1 time)
CAN (1 time)
1986 Effects of two doses of the fixed-combination chlorthalidone and slow-release metoprolol on blood pressure at rest and during exercise: a multicenter study.
36  cholesterol hydroxylase/lyase
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
AdR (3 times)
Adx (3 times)
cDNA (1 time)
2017 Expression of Cholesterol Hydroxylase/Lyase System Proteins in Yeast S. cerevisiae Cells as a Self-Processing Polyprotein.
37  cultured human lymphoblasts
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ALS (1 time)
CLL (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
1975 Lymphocyte plasma membranes. V. Specificity and mitogenicity of absorbed anti-lymphocyte sera.
38  cancer health literacy
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
LCA (1 time)
WPRDB (1 time)
2018 Assessing Cancer Health Literacy among Spanish-Speaking Latinos.
39  Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
ANRS (1 time)
DMC (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2008 A study of seven rule-based algorithms for the interpretation of HIV-1 genotypic resistance data in Thailand.
40  cervical health literacy
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
Pap (1 time)
2018 Critical health literacy in American deaf college students.
41  CH plus lasalocid
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
CSL (2 times)
ADF (1 time)
1985 Effects of dietary alfalfa:orchardgrass hay and lasalocid on nutrient utilization by gravid sows.
42  Chang liver cells
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
HBx (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2006 PTEN modulates hepatitis B virus-X protein induced survival signaling in Chang liver cells.
43  chelilutine
(2 times)
Flow Cytometry
(1 time)
CHE (2 times)
CHR (2 times)
MA (2 times)
2007 HPLC quantification of seven quaternary benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloids in six species of the family Papaveraceae.
44  chicken hepatic lectin
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CRD (1 time)
MBP (1 time)
MDCK (1 time)
1989 Polarized endocytosis by Madin-Darby canine kidney cells transfected with functional chicken liver glycoprotein receptor.
45  Chinese Hypertension League
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
NCCD (1 time)
2005 [Evaluation on the case management program of hypertension in Zhongguancun community, Beijing].
46  chlordiazepoxide
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
ALP (1 time)
2013 Simultaneous determination of chlordiazepoxide and selected antidepressants using CZE.
47  chloroform fraction
(2 times)
Acupuncture Therapy
(1 time)
5-HETE (1 time)
5-LOX (1 time)
EA (1 time)
2012 The anti-inflammatory activities of an extract and compounds isolated from Platycladus orientalis (Linnaeus) Franco in vitro and ex vivo.
48  chronic high viral loads
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
EBV (2 times)
REI (2 times)
HLA (1 time)
2011 Epstein-barr virus gene expression, human leukocyte antigen alleles and chronic high viral loads in pediatric renal transplant patients.
49  chronic hyperplastic laryngitis
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
--- 2002 [Prevalence and certain characteristics of chronic hyperplastic laryngitis].
50  cold-hardened leaves
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
NHL (2 times)
2003 Malate metabolism and reactions of oxidoreduction in cold-hardened winter rye (Secale cereale L.) leaves.
51  Communities for healthy living
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2019 Communities for healthy living (CHL) - A family-centered childhood obesity prevention program integrated into Head Start services: Study protocol for a pragmatic cluster randomized trial.
52  competitive Hebbian learning
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
GNG (1 time)
GSRMs (1 time)
SOAM (1 time)
2010 Growing self-reconstruction maps.
53  comprehensive health literacy
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
ASU (1 time)
FHL (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2017 Assessment of health literacy among outpatient clinics attendees at Ain Shams University Hospitals, Egypt: a cross-sectional study.
54  Contralateral ear hearing loss
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
VS (2 times)
MRI (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2007 Contralateral hearing loss after vestibular schwannoma surgery: case report.
55  cyclohexanol
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
6-HHA (1 time)
ADH (1 time)
CHMO (1 time)
1993 Metabolic interaction of ethanol and cyclohexanone in rabbits.
56  p-chloranil
(2 times)
Drug Evaluation
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
CBZ (1 time)
DDQ (1 time)
2004 Charge transfer complexes of 9-vinyl-carbazole with pi acceptors in homogeneous and in micellar solutions.
57  alpha-chloralose
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GFR (1 time)
TBB (1 time)
2004 Kidney function in mice: thiobutabarbital versus alpha-chloralose anesthesia.
58  Canterbury Health Laboratories
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
HMGCR (1 time)
2016 HMGCR-associated myositis: a New Zealand case series and estimate of incidence.
59  carbodiimide-derivatized hyaluronic acid and gelatin with the addition of lubricin
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2010 Effects of a lubricin-containing compound on the results of flexor tendon repair in a canine model in vivo.
60  carbohydrate loading
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BIA (1 time)
LBM (1 time)
2015 Does perioperative nutrition and oral carbohydrate load sustainably preserve muscle mass after bariatric surgery? A randomized control trial.
61  Carlson-type trophic state index (TSI)
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
TGR (1 time)
TSI (1 time)
2010 Factors regulating trophic status in a large subtropical reservoir, China.
62  cell lines compared to that of parent drug
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2017 Synthesis, characterization, and relaxation studies of Gd-DO3A conjugate of chlorambucil as a potential theranostic agent.
63  central hospital laboratory
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CU (1 time)
ECV (1 time)
2012 A dedicated cardioversion unit for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. Reducing costs by optimizing processes.
64  Chang liver cell line
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Cav-1 (1 time)
DNA-PKcs (1 time)
2017 Caveolin-1 is involved in DNA damage and repair signaling in X-irradiated Chang liver cells.
65  characterize hydrophilic gels containing chlorophyllin
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
--- 2005 Hydrophilic gels containing chlorophyllin-loaded liposomes: development and stability evaluation.
66  CHARLATAN
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GSEA (1 time)
HTS (1 time)
NVY (1 time)
2019 Vgsc-interacting proteins are genetically associated with pyrethroid resistance in Aedes aegypti.
67  chelating groups
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AMD (1 time)
FRS (1 time)
2010 Multifunctional antioxidants for the treatment of age-related diseases.
68  chelation liquid
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2001 The effects of magnesium sulphate and EDTA in the hypercholesterolaemic rabbit.
69  chelators
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
MFA (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2017 Self-preserving personal care products.
70  chemiluminescent emission
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
LPMN (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
SV (1 time)
1992 Induction of chemiluminescent emission in polymorphonuclear leucocytes stimulated by Sendai virus.
71  chicken liver glycoprotein receptor
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Endocytosis via coated pits mediated by glycoprotein receptor in which the cytoplasmic tail is replaced by unrelated sequences.
72  children with mild-to-moderately severe sensorineural hearing loss
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
CNH (1 time)
2012 Vocabulary and working memory in children fit with hearing aids.
73  Children's HeartLink
(1 time)
Heart Defects, Congenital
(1 time)
IQIC (1 time)
2019 Impact of Partnership Between Children's HeartLink and IQIC Database With a Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery Center in Brazil.
74  Children's Hospital Lahore
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HL (1 time)
MC (1 time)
NLP (1 time)
2016 Comparison of Presentation and Outcome in 100 Pediatric Hodgkin Lymphoma Patients Treated at Children Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan and Royal Marsden Hospital, UK.
75  chimeric trifunctional pneumococcal peptidoglycan hydrolase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Construction of a multifunctional pneumococcal murein hydrolase by module assembly.
76  chitinase/lysozyme
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Induction of Hydrolytic Enzymes in Brassica campestris in Response to Pathovars of Xanthomonas campestris.
77  Chlamydia test
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
FCU (1 time)
TC (1 time)
TP (1 time)
1997 Evaluation of the Vidas Chlamydia test to detect and verify Chlamydia trachomatis in urogenital specimens.
78  chlamydospore
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
GT (1 time)
UAG (1 time)
1995 Identification of Candida albicans and C. tropicalis with an umbelliferyl-labelled galactosaminide.
79  chloral
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1984 Behavioral toxicity of chloral in mice: an approach to evaluation.
80  chloralose
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
HR (1 time)
PB (1 time)
1989 Anesthetic effects on tonic and reflex renal sympathetic nerve activity in awake cats.
81  Chloramidophos
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
MAO (1 time)
2012 Cytotoxicity and DNA damage of five organophosphorus pesticides mediated by oxidative stress in PC12 cells and protection by vitamin E.
82  Chloramphenicol-loaded
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
NPs (1 time)
PLGA (1 time)
PS80 (1 time)
2008 Chloramphenicol-incorporated poly lactide-co-glycolide (PLGA) nanoparticles: formulation, characterization, technetium-99m labeling and biodistribution studies.
83  Chloranilic acid
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
DDQ (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2019 Spectroscopic investigation of pi-acceptors in the determination and photoinduced degradation of Sulfacetamide.
84  chlordane-related compounds
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CBz (1 time)
HCH (1 time)
2006 Organochlorines and mercury in waterfowl harvested in Canada.
85  Chlorella vulgaris
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2018 Chlorella vulgaris and Pseudomonas putida interaction modulates phosphate trafficking for reduced arsenic uptake in rice (Oryza sativa L.).
86  chloridazon
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ADPV (1 time)
CDPV (1 time)
GCE (1 time)
2011 The experimental and theoretical QM/MM study of interaction of chloridazon herbicide with ds-DNA.
87  chloride
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
TH (1 time)
1997 Regulation of tyrosine hydroxylase gene expression during hypoxia: role of Ca2+ and PKC.
88  chloroacetate esterase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ACP (1 time)
AM (1 time)
ANAE (1 time)
1997 Correlation analysis of alveolar macrophage cytochemical parameters in smoking and pulmonary oncology.
89  chlorogenic
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
VA (1 time)
2016 Phytochemical uptake following human consumption of Montmorency tart cherry (L. Prunus cerasus) and influence of phenolic acids on vascular smooth muscle cells in vitro.
90  chloroleukaemia
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
BLAST (1 time)
LINE (1 time)
2018 Spontaneous death of rat chloroleukaemia cells induced by an endogenous growth inhibitor.
91  chloromycetin
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CIP (1 time)
LVF (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2009 [Mutant prevention concentrations of antibacterial agents to ocular pathogenic bacteria].
92  chlorophyll derivative
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
Comet assay (1 time)
HPL (1 time)
MTX (1 time)
2012 Chlorophyll derivative mediated PDT versus methotrexate: an in vitro study using MCF-7 cells.
93  chlorophyllin sodium copper salt
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ATPSs (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
NIPA (1 time)
2008 Preparation of a novel light-sensitive copolymer and its application in recycling aqueous two-phase systems.
94  chloroplastic lipocalin
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
TIL (1 time)
2014 Arabidopsis lipocalins AtCHL and AtTIL have distinct but overlapping functions essential for lipid protection and seed longevity.
95  chlorotoluron
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
IPU (1 time)
2015 Changes in the persistence of two phenylurea herbicides in two Mediterranean soils under irrigation with low- and high-quality water: A laboratory approach.
96  Chloroxylenol
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
WWTPs (1 time)
2019 Removal of Chloroxylenol Disinfectant by an Activated Sludge Microbial Community.
97  chlorphenesin
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
HPMC (1 time)
2004 Optimization of chlorphenesin emulgel formulation.
98  chlorzoxazone
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
PCM (1 time)
SFC (1 time)
2012 Development and validation of packed column supercritical fluid chromatographic technique for quantification of chlorzoxazone, paracetamol and aceclofenac in their individual and combined dosage forms.
99  Chlosite alone
(1 time)
Periodontal Diseases
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
GI (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2011 The comparative evaluation of xanthan gel with chlorhexidine (Chlosite) in smokers and non-smokers: A clinical and microbiological assessment.
100  cholesteatoma
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
COM (1 time)
1994 Effects of aging on hearing results in tympanoplasty.