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Abbreviation: CIR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cumulative incidence of relapse
(303 times)
Hematology
(142 times)
OS (187 times)
AML (105 times)
MRD (73 times)
2002 Pretreatment cytogenetic abnormalities are predictive of induction success, cumulative incidence of relapse, and overall survival in adult patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia: results from Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB 8461).
cerebral ischemia-reperfusion
(89 times)
Pharmacology
(14 times)
OGD/R (11 times)
MCAO (8 times)
ROS (8 times)
2000 Mitochondrial defects by intracellular calcium overload versus endothelial cold ischemia/reperfusion injury.
Cosmetic Ingredient Review
(74 times)
Toxicology
(72 times)
FDA (12 times)
UV (6 times)
CNS (3 times)
2002 Final report on the safety assessment of Ammonium, Potassium, and Sodium Persulfate.
cecal intubation rate
(73 times)
Gastroenterology
(34 times)
ADR (38 times)
PDR (17 times)
CIT (9 times)
2010 How do you measure performance as a colonoscopist?
cumulative incidence rate
(58 times)
Neoplasms
(13 times)
CI (13 times)
HPV (5 times)
HR (4 times)
1994 An epidemic in Cuba of optic neuropathy, sensorineural deafness, peripheral sensory neuropathy and dorsolateral myeloneuropathy.
crude incidence rate
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
ASIR (10 times)
ASR (9 times)
SCR (6 times)
1996 Lung cancer in the Eastern region of Saudi Arabia: A population-based study.
channel impulse response
(33 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(15 times)
UWB (8 times)
NLOS (6 times)
RBD (4 times)
2012 A hybrid TOA-fingerprinting based localization of mobile nodes using UWB signaling for Non-line-of-sight conditions.
cirrhosis
(33 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
HCC (18 times)
CLD (6 times)
CH (4 times)
1987 Predictive markers of chronic liver disease in hemophilia.
carbon isotope ratio
(22 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(15 times)
WADA (5 times)
IRMS (3 times)
AAS (2 times)
2008 Steroid isotopic standards for gas chromatography-combustion isotope ratio mass spectrometry (GCC-IRMS).
10  circumference
(22 times)
Sports Medicine
(10 times)
ROM (16 times)
CK (15 times)
SOR (8 times)
1994 Effect of eccentric exercise on plasma enzyme activities previously elevated by eccentric exercise.
11  carbon ion radiation
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
HNC (3 times)
LET (2 times)
PCNA (2 times)
2013 Proteome analysis for profiling infertility markers in male mouse sperm after carbon ion radiation.
12  chimeric immune receptor
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
CEA (2 times)
IL-2 (2 times)
NK (2 times)
1998 Antigen-specific cytolysis by neutrophils and NK cells expressing chimeric immune receptors bearing zeta or gamma signaling domains.
13  controlled ileal release
(13 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
CDAI (3 times)
CD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1995 Effects of plain and controlled-ileal-release budesonide formulations in experimental ileitis.
14  corrected insulin response
(13 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
OGTT (5 times)
IGI (4 times)
IGT (2 times)
1990 Changes in peripheral insulin concentrations in non insulin dependent diabetes during treatment. Assessment by mathematical applications.
15  cellular immune response
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DTH (3 times)
ABT (1 time)
COVID (1 time)
1995 Modulation of cellular immunity by a lesion of the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) in rats.
16  Central Indian Ridge
(8 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
OT (2 times)
DSR (1 time)
IBA (1 time)
2004 Phylogenetic diversity of sulfate-reducing prokaryotes in active deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney structures.
17  chronic inflammatory rheumatism
(8 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
RF (2 times)
CHIK (1 time)
CHIKV (1 time)
1977 [Value of the detection and characterization of circulating immune complexes in rheumatoid arthritis].
18  cell-injuring reaction
(7 times)
Biology
(7 times)
--- 1967 [Specificity of the cell-injuring reaction (CIR) by bacteria--Difference between cancer and non-cancer cells in the CIR].
19  chronic infective rhinitis
(7 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
PAR (6 times)
NMC (2 times)
AYRAR (1 time)
1995 Lymphocyte subsets of the nasal mucosa in perennial allergic rhinitis.
20  cranial irradiation
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
BED (2 times)
HP (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
2001 Thyroid function in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: the significance of prophylactic cranial irradiation.
21  cyclobenzaprine immediate release
(7 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
CER (7 times)
AEs (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
2008 Single-dose pharmacokinetics of once-daily cyclobenzaprine extended release 30 mg versus cyclobenzaprine immediate release 10 mg three times daily in healthy young adults : a randomized, open-label, two-period crossover, single-centre study.
22  critical incident reporting
(6 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CIRS (1 time)
1997 Handling clinical incidents.
23  crown-to-implant ratio
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
MBL (2 times)
CSR (1 time)
EA (1 time)
2017 Cumulative Success Rate of Short and Ultrashort Implants Supporting Single Crowns in the Posterior Maxilla: A 3-Year Retrospective Study.
24  carbohydrate-to-insulin ratio
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
TDD (4 times)
CF (2 times)
CSII (2 times)
2009 Analysis of guidelines for basal-bolus insulin dosing: basal insulin, correction factor, and carbohydrate-to-insulin ratio.
25  Citywide Immunization Registry
(5 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
IIS (2 times)
NYC (2 times)
VFC (2 times)
2009 Using an immunization information system to improve accountability for vaccines distributed through the Vaccines for Children program in New York City, 2005-2008.
26  Clutter Image Rating
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
SI-R (3 times)
HD (2 times)
ADL-H (1 time)
2007 An open trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy for compulsive hoarding.
27  compensated interferometric reader
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
FSA (5 times)
LOQ (2 times)
LPA (2 times)
2019 Compensated Interferometry Measures of CYFRA 21-1 Improve Diagnosis of Lung Cancer.
28  continuous index of responsiveness
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
DRS (4 times)
BRI (3 times)
AHR (1 time)
2004 Usefulness of bronchial reactivity analysis in the diagnosis of bronchial asthma in patients with bronchial hyperresponsiveness.
29  carbon ion radiotherapy
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CR (2 times)
ESCC (1 time)
OAR (1 time)
2011 A phase I/II clinical trial of preoperative short-course carbon-ion radiotherapy for patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus.
30  carrier-to-interference ratio
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
BER (1 time)
BSS (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2006 Technique to improve carrier-to-interference ratio of optical single sideband with carrier modulated signals.
31  Clinical Insight Rating scale
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
GRAD (2 times)
MMSE (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1999 Insight in dementia: when does it occur? Evidence for a nonlinear relationship between insight and cognitive status.
32  color-infrared
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
DFs (1 time)
DL (1 time)
HFs (1 time)
1989 Use of aerial color infrared photography as a survey technique for Psorophora columbiae oviposition habitats in Texas ricelands.
33  control I/R
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
I/R (2 times)
SIR (2 times)
2008 Sildenafil-mediated neovascularization and protection against myocardial ischaemia reperfusion injury in rats: role of VEGF/angiopoietin-1.
34  cumulative recurrence rate
(4 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
allo-HSCT (3 times)
OS (3 times)
EFS (2 times)
2018 [Effect of FLT3-ITD with DNMT3A R882 double-mutation on the prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation].
35  cardio-inhibitory response
(3 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
VDS (2 times)
CSM (1 time)
2008 Cardioinhibitory carotid sinus hypersensitivity: prevalence and predictors in 502 outpatients.
36  case infection rate
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
HAIs (1 time)
HCWs (1 time)
ID (1 time)
2008 Does stratifying surgical site infection rates by the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance risk index influence the rank order of the hospitals in a surveillance system?
37  cerebral IR
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
IR (2 times)
AKI (1 time)
ARE (1 time)
2018 Rapamycin induces autophagy to alleviate acute kidney injury following cerebral ischemia and reperfusion via the mTORC1/ATG13/ULK1 signaling pathway.
38  circularity
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AD (3 times)
CC (2 times)
CCA (2 times)
2013 Corpus callosum shape changes in early Alzheimer's disease: an MRI study using the OASIS brain database.
39  clinically important resistance
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
CDF (1 time)
CID (1 time)
Haem-A-QoL (1 time)
2014 Travel-associated antimicrobial drug-resistant nontyphoidal Salmonellae, 2004-2009.
40  concussion interchange rule
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
NRL (1 time)
NYC (1 time)
2016 Usefulness of Video Review of Possible Concussions in National Youth Rugby League.
41  contrast improvement ratio
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CLAHE (1 time)
DSIHE (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2003 Chromosome image enhancement using multiscale differential operators.
42  cumulative risk of relapse
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
MRD (2 times)
OS (2 times)
allo-HSCT (1 time)
2017 [Minimal residual disease level predicts outcomes in the non-favorable risk patients with acute myeloid leukemia].
43  cable inspection robot
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
POS (2 times)
PTZ (1 time)
SPPD (1 time)
2018 A Novel Method of Autonomous Inspection for Transmission Line based on Cable Inspection Robot LiDAR Data.
44  callus induction rate
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
RILs (2 times)
CBT (1 time)
CGA (1 time)
2012 Identification of QTLs associated with tissue culture response through sequencing-based genotyping of RILs derived from 93-11 Nipponbare in rice (Oryza sativa).
45  cardiac-inducing RNA
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
MIR (1 time)
2015 A fetal human heart cardiac-inducing RNA (CIR) promotes the differentiation of stem cells into cardiomyocytes.
46  Cave-in-Rock
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AFEX (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
PGPB (1 time)
2010 Evaluation of ammonia fibre expansion (AFEX) pretreatment for enzymatic hydrolysis of switchgrass harvested in different seasons and locations.
47  cell immune response
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
aMa (1 time)
DTH (1 time)
HIR (1 time)
1999 Experimental mixed infection with Yersinia enterocolitica and Listeria monocytogenes in guinea pigs.
48  Centre for International Rehabilitation
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
PF (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of CIR-whirlwind wheelchair and service provision in Afghanistan.
49  cerebral ischemia
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CSF (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
SAP (1 time)
1980 Role of ventrolateral medulla in vasomotor response to cerebral ischemia.
50  cerebral ischemic response
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CL (1 time)
IML (1 time)
1985 Nucleus reticularis lateralis involvement in the pressor component of the cerebral ischemic response.
51  chromatographic impulse response
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
--- 2012 Applications of the chromatographic impulse response method in supercritical fluid chromatography.
52  chronic intracranial ictal recordings
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
FLE (2 times)
MRI (1 time)
1995 Improved sensitivity of 18FDG-positron emission tomography scans in frontal and "frontal plus" epilepsy.
53  chronic ionizing radiation
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AIR (1 time)
IR (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2017 Microbial cells can cooperate to resist high-level chronic ionizing radiation.
54  circuit training
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
AER (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
INT (1 time)
2001 A comparison of ambulatory oxygen consumption during circuit training and aerobic exercise in patients with chronic heart failure.
55  circular nuclei
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
FUS (2 times)
HS (2 times)
MN (2 times)
2012 Folate deficiency is associated with the formation of complex nuclear anomalies in the cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome assay.
56  cirrhotic
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ApoA1 (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2013 Quantitative proteomic analysis in HCV-induced HCC reveals sets of proteins with potential significance for racial disparity.
57  Clinical Impact Research
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BCT (1 time)
BCTs (1 time)
PICO (1 time)
2016 Clinical Impact Research - how to choose experimental or observational intervention study?
58  coffee industrial residue
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
CPI (1 time)
DAEM (1 time)
2016 Kinetics of coffee industrial residue pyrolysis using distributed activation energy model and components separation of bio-oil by sequencing temperature-raising pyrolysis.
59  Cold-In place-Recycled
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CPX (1 time)
CR (1 time)
ELTs (1 time)
2020 Dynamic stiffness of road pavements: Construction characteristics-based model and influence on tire/road noise.
60  community infection ratio
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PCR (1 time)
PPD (1 time)
1995 Community infection ratio as an indicator for tuberculosis control.
61  compact internal representation
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Compact internal representation of dynamic situations: neural network implementing the causality principle.
62  comprehensive inpatient rehabilitation
(2 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
FIM (1 time)
ICH (1 time)
SLP (1 time)
2018 Providing Effective Speech-Language Pathology Group Treatment in the Comprehensive Inpatient Rehabilitation Setting.
63  Computerized Immunization Register
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
EPI (2 times)
HC (1 time)
2012 [Use of SMS to ask mothers to come to vaccination sessions in Bobo-Dioulasso].
64  coupling-isomerization-reaction
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Coupling-isomerization-coupling sequences switched on by propargyl alcohol-enone-isomerization.
65  crash investigation record
(2 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AR (1 time)
EC (1 time)
1998 The accuracy of medical records and police reports in determining motor vehicle crash characteristics.
66  C-peptide-based IR
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HOMA (1 time)
IR (1 time)
PON1 (1 time)
2022 Association of paraoxonase 1 activity and insulin resistance models in type 2 diabetes mellitus: Cross-sectional study.
67  C-peptide/insulin ratio
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
--- 2004 Preserved circadian rhythm of serum insulin concentration at low plasma glucose during fasting in lean and overweight humans.
68  C. gigas insulin receptor-related receptor
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
hrIGF-1 (1 time)
ISH (1 time)
2003 Insulin-like system and growth regulation in the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas: hrIGF-1 effect on protein synthesis of mantle edge cells and expression of an homologous insulin receptor-related receptor.
69  caerulein infusion with intestinal ischaemia reperfusion
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
CS (1 time)
SIR (1 time)
2003 The impact of intestinal ischaemia-reperfusion on caerulein-induced oedematous experimental pancreatitis.
70  calcium ion release
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
TCS (1 time)
2019 The role of calcium ion release on biocompatibility and antimicrobial properties of hydraulic cements.
71  calcium-induced release
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
DIR (1 time)
2002 Can the Ca2+ hypothesis and the Ca2+-voltage hypothesis for neurotransmitter release be reconciled?
72  calorie intake regularity
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
MTR (1 time)
2022 The association between meal regularity and weight loss among women in commercial weight loss programs.
73  capillary imbibition rates
(1 time)
--- 2022 Capillary Imbibition in Cementitious Materials: Effect of Salts and Exposure Condition.
74  capsaicin plus IR group
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
IR (2 times)
CapsCF (1 time)
CGRP (1 time)
2013 Denervation of capsaicin-sensitive C fibers increases pulmonary inflammation induced by ischemia-reperfusion in rabbits.
75  capsaicin pretreated IR group
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IR (2 times)
CapsCF (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2014 [Influence of capsaicin sensitive C fibers denervation on lung ischemia-reperfusion injury].
76  captopril isotopic renography
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
EHT (1 time)
PRA (1 time)
RVH (1 time)
1997 Captopril test and renal duplex scanning for the primary screening of renovascular disease.
77  carbapenem intrinsic resistance
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Crystal structure of the carbapenem intrinsic resistance protein CarG.
78  carbapenem-intermediate or -resistant
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
KPC (1 time)
PLZ (1 time)
ST131 (1 time)
2021 Activity of plazomicin against carbapenem-intermediate or -resistant Escherichia coli isolates from the United States and international sites in relation to clonal background, resistance genes, co-resistance, and region.
79  carbohydrates + ischaemia- reperfusion
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
HIR (1 time)
IR (1 time)
VIR (1 time)
2017 Honey improves spermatogenesis and hormone secretion in testicular ischaemia-reperfusion-induced injury in rats.
80  Cardiac Implant Registry
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
ICD (1 time)
2018 Cardiac implant registries 2006-2016: a systematic review and summary of global experiences.
81  cardiac irradiation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
anti-PD-1 (1 time)
RICT (1 time)
2017 PD-1 Modulates Radiation-Induced Cardiac Toxicity through Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes.
82  cartridge height:isthmus width ratio
(1 time)
Wounds and Injuries
(1 time)
HCA (1 time)
2018 Radiological Evaluation of TATE Elbow Cartridge Position in Dogs.
83  case-to-undetected-infected ratio
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IFR (1 time)
RBD (1 time)
2022 Seroprevalence of COVID-19 infection among vaccine naïve population after the second surge (June 2020) in a rural district of South India: A community-based cross-sectional study.
84  Cases-to-infections ratio
(1 time)
IFR (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2022 Second round statewide sentinel-based population survey for estimation of the burden of active infection and anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibodies in the general population of Karnataka, India, during January-February 2021.
85  catalytic infrared
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
POD (1 time)
WB (1 time)
2018 Effect of catalytic infrared dry-blanching on the processing and quality characteristics of garlic slices.
86  cell ingrowth rate
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
TCC (1 time)
TIR (1 time)
2018 Devising tissue ingrowth metrics: a contribution to the computational characterization of engineered soft tissue healing.
87  cell inhibition rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BOC (1 time)
2010 Photoinactivation of Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus in the model aquatic microcosm: effect of light intensity and dissolved biodegradable organic compound.
88  cells in repair
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ADM (1 time)
HUC (1 time)
OTA (1 time)
2000 Induction of unscheduled DNA synthesis in primary human urothelial cells by the mycotoxin ochratoxin A.
89  cellulose-Na + I/R
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CMCNa (1 time)
2017 [The effects of YHTJF on lung ischemia/reperfusion injury in mice].
90  central independent review
(1 time)
Liver Neoplasms
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
ALT/AST (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2018 A Phase I/Randomized Phase II Study to Evaluate the Safety, Pharmacokinetics, and Efficacy of Nintedanib versus Sorafenib in Asian Patients with Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma.
91  central insulin-resistant
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CA1 (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2013 Hyperphosphorylation of tau protein in hippocampus of central insulin-resistant rats is associated with cognitive impairment.
92  central intercondylar ridge
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
AHLM (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2019 Tibial insertion of the anterior cruciate ligament and anterior horn of the lateral meniscus share the lateral slope of the medial intercondylar ridge: A computed tomography study in a young, healthy population.
93  cerebral ischemia-reperfusion model group
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
NGR1 (2 times)
BDNF (1 time)
CIRI (1 time)
2017 Protective effects of notoginsenoside R1 on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats.
94  cerebral ischemic injury
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
IHHP (1 time)
2020 Neuroprotective effect of intermittent hypobaric hypoxia preconditioning on cerebral ischemia/reperfusion in rats.
95  cerebral ischemic pressor response
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
RNA (1 time)
1992 Effects of hypoxia, hyperoxia and hypercapnia on graded cerebral ischemic responses in rabbits.
96  character importance ranking
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2004 A method for estimating the relative importance of characters in cladistic analyses.
97  chemical iron reduction
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AVS (1 time)
DGT (1 time)
DO (1 time)
2020 Abundant sediment organic matter potentially facilitates chemical iron reduction and surface water blackness in a Chinese deep lake.
98  child version of illness representation
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2022 Child's Illness Representation Instrument: Testing Reliability & Factor Structure Study.
99  childhood immunization rates
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BAA (1 time)
2021 Combatting Anti-Vaccination Misinformation: Improving Immunization Rates of Black/African American Children at UW Health.
100  chloride-pumping rhodopsin
(1 time)
SPIND (1 time)
2019 SPIND: a reference-based auto-indexing algorithm for sparse serial crystallography data.