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Abbreviation: CIS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
carcinoma in situ
(1385 times)
Urology
(405 times)
BCG (158 times)
SCC (68 times)
TCC (59 times)
1975 Oral carcinoma in situ.
clinically isolated syndrome
(716 times)
Neurology
(453 times)
MS (525 times)
RRMS (133 times)
MRI (111 times)
2000 Prognostic value of MR and magnetization transfer imaging findings in patients with clinically isolated syndromes suggestive of multiple sclerosis at presentation.
cisplatin
(208 times)
Neoplasms
(69 times)
MDA (15 times)
5-FU (11 times)
DOX (11 times)
1987 cis-platinum and ovarian carcinoma. In vitro chemosensitivity of cultured tumour cells from patients receiving high dose cis-platinum as first line treatment.
clinical information system
(166 times)
Medical Informatics
(106 times)
ICU (10 times)
CPOE (6 times)
IT (5 times)
1985 The chemical information system and spectral databases.
Cancer Information Service
(96 times)
Public Health
(39 times)
NCI (22 times)
NCI's (13 times)
CISRC (3 times)
1983 Population-based assessment of the characteristics of potential users of a cancer information service (CIS).
configuration interaction singles
(91 times)
Chemistry
(78 times)
TDDFT (25 times)
DFT (13 times)
HF (13 times)
2004 Failure of time-dependent density functional theory for long-range charge-transfer excited states: the zincbacteriochlorin-bacteriochlorin and bacteriochlorophyll-spheroidene complexes.
continuous interleaved sampling
(88 times)
Audiology
(35 times)
CI (13 times)
SAS (10 times)
CA (8 times)
1991 Better speech recognition with cochlear implants.
Checklist Individual Strength
(58 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
CFS (11 times)
SF-36 (6 times)
VAS (6 times)
1995 Chronic fatigue syndrome: a clinical and laboratory study with a well matched control group.
Clinical Interview Schedule
(42 times)
Psychiatry
(23 times)
GHQ (7 times)
ROC (5 times)
EPDS (2 times)
1984 Minor psychiatric disorder in primary care in Brazil: a pilot study.
10  chronic immobilization stress
(41 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
BLA (7 times)
XYS (5 times)
HPA (4 times)
2002 Chronic stress induces contrasting patterns of dendritic remodeling in hippocampal and amygdaloid neurons.
11  cytokine-inducible SH2-containing protein
(38 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
SOCS (22 times)
GH (6 times)
GHR (5 times)
1998 Transcriptional regulation of the beta-casein gene by cytokines: cross-talk between STAT5 and other signaling molecules.
12  Commonwealth of Independent States
(36 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
CEE (3 times)
BA (2 times)
OR (2 times)
1995 Regional landscape-ecological planning and desertification control in arid regions of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
13  Cochrane Vascular Information Specialist
(24 times)
Health Services Research
(24 times)
CI (17 times)
CENTRAL (13 times)
RCTs (12 times)
2016 Intravenous heparin during ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysmal repair.
14  cold-induced sweetening
(24 times)
Botany
(11 times)
RS (6 times)
ber (2 times)
AGPase (1 time)
2003 Physicochemical and kinetic properties of unique isozymes of UDP-Glc pyrophosphorylase that are associated with resistance to sweetening in cold-stored potato tubers.
15  cancer in situ
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
SCC (5 times)
HPV (4 times)
CI (2 times)
1982 Diagnostic and therapeutic viewpoints on cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. 10-Year follow-up of a conization material.
16  carcinoma in situ of the testis
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
ACRs (2 times)
CSCC (2 times)
DCIS (2 times)
1984 [The study of ABH isoantigen and T (Thomsen-Friedenreich) antigen of superficial urothelial tumor].
17  CMOS image sensor
(20 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(13 times)
APS (3 times)
FPN (3 times)
ADC (2 times)
2009 1T Pixel Using Floating-Body MOSFET for CMOS Image Sensors.
18  common insertion sites
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
SB (6 times)
MMTV (3 times)
CRC (2 times)
2006 Redefining the common insertion site.
19  configuration interaction with single excitations
(20 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
TDDFT (7 times)
DFT (4 times)
HOMO (2 times)
2000 Electronic spectra of adenine and 2-aminopurine: an ab initio study of energy level diagrams of different tautomers in gas phase and aqueous solution.
20  copper indium sulfide
(19 times)
Nanotechnology
(9 times)
NCs (4 times)
BALF (2 times)
CGS (2 times)
1995 Acute pulmonary toxicity of copper gallium diselenide, copper indium diselenide, and cadmium telluride intratracheally instilled into rats.
21  critical interpretive synthesis
(16 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
ARVL (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
HCPs (1 time)
2006 Conducting a critical interpretive synthesis of the literature on access to healthcare by vulnerable groups.
22  Child Abuse and Neglect
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
NIS (2 times)
EM (1 time)
IPV (1 time)
2003 Nature and severity of physical harm caused by child abuse and neglect: results from the Canadian Incidence Study.
23  Columbia Impairment Scale
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
CGAS (3 times)
MEPS (2 times)
Ab-DIB (1 time)
1996 A comparison of measures of adjustment, symptoms, and impairment among children with chronic medical conditions.
24  communication and interpersonal skills
(11 times)
Education
(5 times)
CS (3 times)
OSCE (3 times)
SPs (3 times)
2004 Beyond fulfilling the core competencies: an objective structured clinical examination to assess communication and interpersonal skills in a surgical residency.
25  cerebral ischemic stroke
(10 times)
Brain
(3 times)
SNPs (2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
2011 [Effects of unblocking meridians and Du-channel massage combined with rehabilitation training on the motor function improvement of cerebral ischemic stroke patients].
26  computerized information system
(10 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
EHR (1 time)
EMR (1 time)
HMO (1 time)
1992 Customer information and the quality improvement process: developing a customer information system.
27  capillary index score
(9 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
f CIS (2 times)
IAT (2 times)
MCA (2 times)
2013 The capillary index score: rethinking the acute ischemic stroke treatment algorithm. Results from the Borgess Medical Center Acute Ischemic Stroke Registry.
28  cingulate island sign
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (8 times)
DLB (8 times)
NFT (3 times)
2014 Dementia with Lewy bodies: basis of cingulate island sign.
29  Canadian Interuniversity Sports
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
Cr (2 times)
ImPACT (2 times)
2009 Differential emotional responses of varsity athletes to concussion and musculoskeletal injuries.
30  carcinoma in situ testis
(8 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
AMH (1 time)
ESC (1 time)
ESCs (1 time)
1992 Management of extragonadal germ-cell tumors and the significance of bilateral testicular biopsies.
31  Clozapine-induced sialorrhea
(8 times)
Psychopharmacology
(4 times)
ADRA2A (1 time)
CLOCK (1 time)
DRS (1 time)
2006 Clozapine-induced sialorrhea: pathophysiology and management strategies.
32  colon injury scale
(8 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
PATI (3 times)
ATI (2 times)
AAST (1 time)
1987 Penetrating right colon trauma. The ever diminishing role for colostomy.
33  critical incident stress
(8 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
CISM (2 times)
ATM (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1992 Critical incident stress management for care providers in the pediatric emergency department.
34  cytokine-inducible Src homology 2-containing protein
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
SOCS (3 times)
SOCS3 (2 times)
EGFR (1 time)
2003 Uncoupling of promitogenic and antiapoptotic functions of IL-2 by Smad-dependent TGF-beta signaling.
35  cisapride
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
5-HT (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
BET (1 time)
1994 [Effect of cisapride on clearance of gallstone fragments after extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy of gallstones].
36  cognitive impairment in schizophrenia
(7 times)
Psychopharmacology
(3 times)
NOR (5 times)
APDs (4 times)
NMDAR (3 times)
2012 Prevention of the phencyclidine-induced impairment in novel object recognition in female rats by co-administration of lurasidone or tandospirone, a 5-HT(1A) partial agonist.
37  coordination induced shift
(7 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
cppH (2 times)
mpp (1 time)
XGI (1 time)
2002 Mechanism of inhibition of the beta-lactamase of Enterobacter cloacae P99 by 1:1 complexes of vanadate with hydroxamic acids.
38  cytokine-inducing substances
(7 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
LPS (2 times)
IL (1 time)
IL-1 alpha (1 time)
1991 In vitro study of the transfer of cytokine-inducing substances across selected high-flux hemodialysis membranes.
39  carcinoma-in-situ cells
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CGH (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
1988 Cytologic indicators of condylomatous lesions of the uterine cervix with histologic correlation: an outpatient laboratory's experience.
40  cellular injury score
(6 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
AKBR (2 times)
MOF (2 times)
OG (2 times)
1989 [Cellular metabolic consideration in the pathophysiology and the treatment of shock].
41  clinically isolated demyelinating syndrome
(6 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CDMS (2 times)
CSF (1 time)
EDSS (1 time)
2006 Clinically isolated syndromes: a new oligoclonal band test accurately predicts conversion to MS.
42  clinically isolated syndrome suggestive of MS
(6 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
MS (5 times)
HC (2 times)
RRMS (2 times)
2008 Prospective combined brain and spinal cord MRI in clinically isolated syndromes and possible early multiple sclerosis: impact on dissemination in space and time.
43  cryptogenic ischemic stroke
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
PAF (3 times)
CI (2 times)
PFO (2 times)
2005 Characteristics of the interatrial communication in patients undergoing transcatheter device closure of atrial septal defects for cryptogenic stroke.
44  checklist individual strength questionnaire
(5 times)
Occupational Medicine
(3 times)
AQuAA (1 time)
BDI-II (1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
2000 Fatigue among working people: validity of a questionnaire measure.
45  cold injection system
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
pcGC (2 times)
RSD (2 times)
EDA (1 time)
1999 Analysis of volatile organic compounds in human urine by headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with a multipurpose sampler.
46  common input strength
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
COV (1 time)
ED (1 time)
FCC (1 time)
2004 Common input to motor neurons innervating the same and different compartments of the human extensor digitorum muscle.
47  Creative Imagination Scale
(5 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
DES (2 times)
ASGS (1 time)
CEQ (1 time)
1998 Individual differences and the creation of false childhood memories.
48  curative intent surgery
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CRLM (2 times)
DFI (1 time)
MYWK (1 time)
2007 The impact of curative intent surgery on the survival of pancreatic cancer patients: a U.S. Population-based study.
49  chemotherapy-induced senescence
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
NOXs (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2012 Inhibition of Mcl-1 promotes senescence in cancer cells: implications for preventing tumor growth and chemotherapy resistance.
50  chronic infection serum
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
SEA (2 times)
HA (1 time)
IA (1 time)
1976 Schistoma mansoni soluble egg antigens: determination of the stage and species specificity of their serologic reactivity by radioimmunoassay.
51  chronic ischemic stroke
(4 times)
Stem Cells
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CBD (1 time)
IL (1 time)
1992 Outcome in ischaemic stroke: carotid versus vertebro-basilar territory.
52  cisatracurium
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
ROC (2 times)
ILLA (1 time)
PRP (1 time)
2000 Cumulation characteristics of cisatracurium and rocuronium during continuous infusion.
53  cold ischemic storage
(4 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
AQPs (1 time)
C1-INH (1 time)
CTLA4 (1 time)
2017 Complement Dependence of Murine Costimulatory Blockade-Resistant Cellular Cardiac Allograft Rejection.
54  Collaborative information systems
(4 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CADS (1 time)
SNAD (1 time)
2011 Detection of Anomalous Insiders in Collaborative Environments via Relational Analysis of Access Logs.
55  combination intervention strategy
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
SOC (3 times)
ART (2 times)
RR (2 times)
2014 A combination strategy for enhancing linkage to and retention in HIV care among adults newly diagnosed with HIV in Mozambique: study protocol for a site-randomized implementation science study.
56  conical inhalable samplers
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EIA (1 time)
GM (1 time)
GSD (1 time)
2003 Field comparison of inhalable and total dust samplers for assessing airborne dust in swine confinement barns.
57  constant-ionic-state
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PE (2 times)
2002 O 1s --> sigma* resonance in O2: inadequacy of only two exchange-split components.
58  coordination ion-spray
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
APCI (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1999 Separation and Identification of Tocotrienol Isomers by HPLC-MS and HPLC-NMR Coupling.
59  CuInSe₂
(4 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CV (1 time)
PVs (1 time)
2011 Solution-liquid-solid synthesis of CuInSe₂ nanowires and their implementation in photovoltaic devices.
60  carcinomas
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
BBD (2 times)
DCIS (2 times)
ERalpha (2 times)
2000 Dissociated overexpression of cathepsin D and estrogen receptor alpha in preinvasive mammary tumors.
61  chemical shift
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
NCS (1 time)
TBTQs (1 time)
2008 Determination of protein-ligand binding modes using complexation-induced changes in (1)h NMR chemical shift.
62  child impact section
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
FIS (3 times)
ECOHIS (2 times)
OHRQoL (2 times)
2016 Changes in the oral health-related quality of life in children following comprehensive oral rehabilitation under general anaesthesia.
63  China integrated score
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HCC (3 times)
BCLC (2 times)
CLIP (2 times)
2010 A new staging system is more discriminant than conventional staging systems for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma.
64  chromosome instability syndromes
(3 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
DDR (1 time)
DEB (1 time)
MMC (1 time)
2013 PC3 (BTG2/TIS21) possible role in chromosome instability syndromes.
65  chronic inflammation score
(3 times)
Embryology
(1 time)
BLS (1 time)
CD (1 time)
DCR (1 time)
1986 A Periodontitis Severity Index.
66  chronic inflammatory state
(3 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
ACP (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
DCR (1 time)
2011 Chronic inflammatory states: their relationship to cancer prognosis and symptoms.
67  clinical illness score
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
MH (1 time)
SAL (1 time)
2012 Clinical, behavioral, and pulmonary changes in calves following inoculation with Mycoplasma bovis.
68  clinical index score
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
AE (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
HDM (1 time)
2005 Comparison of the clinical efficacy of oral terbinafine and ketoconazole combined with cephalexin in the treatment of Malassezia dermatitis in dogs--a pilot study.
69  Coherence Imaging Spectroscopy
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
--- 2018 Verification of Doppler coherence imaging for 2D ion velocity measurements on DIII-D.
70  cold and immobilization stress
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CS (3 times)
GSH-Px (3 times)
IS (3 times)
2003 The effect of vitamin E on stress-induced changes in visual evoked potentials (VEPs) in rats exposed to different experimental stress models.
71  Common Implementation Strategy
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
WFD (3 times)
AEA (1 time)
APX (1 time)
2007 Report on EU guidance on groundwater monitoring developed under the common implementation strategy of the water framework directive.
72  common inbred strains
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
CAS (1 time)
DOM (1 time)
MIT (1 time)
2005 Origins of mouse inbred strains deduced from whole-genome scanning by polymorphic microsatellite loci.
73  computer-integrated surgery
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
IGSTK (1 time)
2007 [The beginnings of robotic surgery--from the roots up to the da Vinci telemanipulator system].
74  Condition Index Score
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
APACHE (1 time)
L-H (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
1981 Outcome of intensive care. An application of a predictive model.
75  configurations
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
8BG (1 time)
HF (1 time)
IPCM (1 time)
2001 An ab initio study of electronic structure and spectra of 8-bromoguanine: a comparative study with guanine.
76  conventional imaging studies
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
CRC (1 time)
LN (1 time)
NHL (1 time)
2001 Whole-body hybrid PET with 18F-FDG in the staging of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
77  cranial index of symmetry
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
CAD/CAM (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2004 Cranial index of symmetry: an objective semiautomated measure of plagiocephaly. Technical note.
78  Cu-In-S
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
EL (2 times)
CIGS (1 time)
CRI (1 time)
2014 Quantum-dot-based white lighting planar source through downconversion by blue electroluminescence.
79  cytokine-inducible sequence
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
ARC (1 time)
CNTF (1 time)
FA (1 time)
1999 Activation of SOCS-3 messenger ribonucleic acid in the hypothalamus by ciliary neurotrophic factor.
80  Ca in situ
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
MCT (1 time)
SCC (1 time)
1991 [Carcinoma in situ and human papillomavirus infection].
81  calculus index
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
DM (1 time)
OLP (1 time)
PDI (1 time)
1999 Periodontal status in patients with oral lichen planus: a study of 90 cases.
82  calretinin immunohistochemical staining
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
HD (2 times)
RSB (2 times)
2016 Diagnostic value of rectal suction biopsies using calretinin immunohistochemical staining in Hirschsprung's disease.
83  Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Maltreatment
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
--- 2003 Major findings from the Canadian incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect.
84  Cancer Information and Support
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2017 Exploring the rationale, experience and impact of using Cancer Information and Support (CIS) services: an international qualitative study.
85  Cancer information system
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1983 Tumors: the Cancer Information System (CIS) of the Minneapolis-West Metropolitan CHCP.
86  canine immune serum
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1978 Effect of canine immune serum on the growth of Ehrlichia canis within nonimmune canine macrophages.
87  capsaicin-insensitive
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
CS (2 times)
TG (2 times)
PKG (1 time)
2003 Modulation of IA currents by capsaicin in rat trigeminal ganglion neurons.
88  Caregiver Interaction Scale
(2 times)
Adolescent
(1 time)
PPRS (1 time)
2013 New evidence on the validity of the Arnett Caregiver Interaction Scale: Results from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort.
89  cerebral infarct size
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
CBF (1 time)
LWR (1 time)
MCAO (1 time)
1997 Effects of a calcium antagonist, lacidipine, on experimental focal cerebral ischemia in rats.
90  cervical interfacet spacer
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
NDI (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2015 Cervical interfacet spacers and maintenance of cervical lordosis.
91  change impact score
(2 times)
Education, Medical, Continuing
(1 time)
CME (1 time)
2017 CIS (change impact score) - a novel outcome measurement tool to quantify the relevance of medical education interventions on professional performance.
92  Change-in-support
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2007 A perturbation-based balance training program for older adults: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.
93  cisplatin group
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AKI (1 time)
CCK-8 (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
2012 The mechanism of lipid raft mediating chemoresistance of cervical cancer.
94  clean implant surface
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CHX (1 time)
GLY (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2005 Influence of different treatment approaches on the removal of early plaque biofilms and the viability of SAOS2 osteoblasts grown on titanium implants.
95  clinically isolated syndrome compatible with demyelination
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MS (2 times)
MBP (1 time)
MOG (1 time)
2005 Anti-myelin antibodies do not allow earlier diagnosis of multiple sclerosis.
96  clinically isolated syndrome suggestive of multiple sclerosis
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CDMS (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
MSFC (1 time)
2006 Differences in cerebral activation patterns in idiopathic inflammatory demyelination using the paced visual serial addition task: an fMRI study.
97  cocaine-induced seizures
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
CIP (1 time)
D1R (1 time)
D2R (1 time)
2008 Effects of disulfiram and dopamine beta-hydroxylase knockout on cocaine-induced seizures.
98  cognitive impairment score
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
EDSS (1 time)
HADS (1 time)
MCS (1 time)
1999 Cost of walking and locomotor impairment.
99  cold intensity score
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
SSID (2 times)
CC (1 time)
EQ-5D (1 time)
2007 Efficacy of a pelargonium sidoides preparation in patients with the common cold: a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.
100  Collaborative Interactions Scale
(2 times)
Psychotherapy
(2 times)
PDs (1 time)
2009 The Collaborative Interactions Scale: a new transcript-based method for the assessment of therapeutic alliance ruptures and resolutions in psychotherapy.