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Abbreviation: CIs
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
confidence intervals
(16155 times)
Neoplasms
(3217 times)
ORs (5990 times)
HRs (2297 times)
RRs (1598 times)
0 Prevalence of Posterior Disc Displacement of the Temporomandibular Joint in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders: Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses.
cochlear implants
(704 times)
Audiology
(328 times)
NH (132 times)
HAs (36 times)
CAP (11 times)
1991 Cortical activation in profoundly deaf patients during cochlear implant stimulation demonstrated by H2(15)O PET.
conical intersections
(72 times)
Chemistry
(61 times)
PESs (8 times)
NACTs (5 times)
CASSCF (4 times)
2002 Femtochemistry of Norrish type-I reactions: III. Highly excited ketones--theoretical.
Criegee intermediates
(31 times)
Chemistry
(21 times)
SOA (3 times)
CPA (2 times)
VHP (2 times)
2010 Computational studies of the isomerization and hydration reactions of acetaldehyde oxide and methyl vinyl carbonyl oxide.
calcineurin inhibitors
(23 times)
Transplantation
(11 times)
Cr (4 times)
MMF (3 times)
SRL (3 times)
2002 Sirolimus allows renal recovery in lung and heart transplant recipients with chronic renal impairment.
clinical instructors
(19 times)
Rehabilitation
(4 times)
PT (5 times)
ACP (3 times)
PT-CPI (2 times)
1995 Enhancing service productivity in acute care inpatient settings using a collaborative clinical education model.
credible intervals
(18 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ORs (5 times)
NMA (2 times)
RCTs (2 times)
2007 Improving quality assessment through multilevel modeling: the case of nursing home compare.
combination indices
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
DOX (2 times)
TRAIL (2 times)
XIAP (2 times)
1992 Synergistic neutralization of HIV-1 by human monoclonal antibodies against the V3 loop and the CD4-binding site of gp120.
critical incidents
(16 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ICU (2 times)
AEds (1 time)
AEs (1 time)
2000 Comprehensive critical incident monitoring in a neonatal-pediatric intensive care unit: experience with the system approach.
10  conformity indices
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
OARs (5 times)
PTV (5 times)
VMAT (5 times)
2009 Inter-observer comparison of target delineation for MRI-assisted cervical cancer brachytherapy: application of the GYN GEC-ESTRO recommendations.
11  concentration indices
(10 times)
Health Services Accessibility
(3 times)
OOP (2 times)
ARAT (1 time)
BWs (1 time)
2013 Health inequalities among urban children in India: a comparative assessment of Empowered Action Group (EAG) and South Indian states.
12  cumulative incidences
(10 times)
Transplantation
(6 times)
GVHD (4 times)
OS (2 times)
ATG (1 time)
2013 An intermediate alemtuzumab schedule reduces the incidence of mixed chimerism following reduced-intensity conditioning hematopoietic cell transplantation for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis.
13  clinical indicators
(9 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
ACHS (1 time)
ACs (1 time)
AERS (1 time)
1980 The use of indicators for quality control of sterilizing processes in hospital practice: a review.
14  Cochlear Implants
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
AEPs (1 time)
BSS (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
2007 Objective source selection in Blind Source Separation of AEPs in children with Cochlear Implants.
15  chromosome imbalances
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CGH (4 times)
SS (2 times)
CTCL (1 time)
2002 Comparative genomic hybridization analysis of primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas: identification of common genomic alterations in disease pathogenesis.
16  cognitive impairments
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ACE (1 time)
AD (1 time)
ATs (1 time)
2008 Sera proteomic biomarker profiling in HIV-1 infected subjects with cognitive impairment.
17  cycloisomaltooligosaccharides
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CITase (4 times)
B-1 and B-2 (1 time)
CBMs (1 time)
2001 Immobilization of cycloisomaltooligosaccharide glucanotransferase for the production of cycloisomaltooligosaccharides from dextran.
18  Cyclic imines
(6 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
EFSA (2 times)
GYMs (2 times)
PSTs (2 times)
2011 Cyclic imines: chemistry and mechanism of action: a review.
19  cerebral infarctions
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
AF (1 time)
CVDs (1 time)
ICHs (1 time)
2017 Association of ZFHX3 gene variation with atrial fibrillation, cerebral infarction, and lung thromboembolism: An autopsy study.
20  checkpoint inhibitors
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CTLA-4 (2 times)
PD-1 (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2017 Checkpoint Inhibition in Hodgkin Lymphoma - a Review.
21  count increments
(5 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
CCIs (3 times)
PCs (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
2001 Design of clinical trials to evaluate the efficacy of platelet transfusion: the euroSPRITE trial for components treated with Helinx technology.
22  coupling intervals
(5 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
VEP (2 times)
AECG (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1999 Demonstration of the proarrhythmic preconditioning of single premature extrastimuli by use of the magnitude, phase, and distribution of repolarization alternans.
23  Chief Investigators
(4 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
CYP (1 time)
LLCs (1 time)
LTIs (1 time)
2011 What research impacts do Australian primary health care researchers expect and achieve?
24  classification images
(4 times)
Behavioral Research
(1 time)
CCOB (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2003 Natural image statistics mediate brightness 'filling in'.
25  clinical isolates
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CRS (2 times)
ALI (1 time)
BIM (1 time)
2005 Effects of azithromycin on clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from cystic fibrosis patients.
26  conglomerate inclusions
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
FALS (2 times)
SOD1 (2 times)
ALS (1 time)
1991 Involvement of Onuf's nucleus in ALS. Demonstration of intraneuronal conglomerate inclusions and Bunina bodies.
27  conventional implants
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
ED (2 times)
ZIs (2 times)
C/W (1 time)
2015 Restoration of Oral Function for Adult Edentulous Patients with Ectodermal Dysplasia: A Prospective Preliminary Clinical Study.
28  conventional impressions
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
IOS (3 times)
DIs (1 time)
dR (1 time)
2013 Accuracy of dies captured by an intraoral digital impression system using parallel confocal imaging.
29  calmodulin inhibitors
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CCBs (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
CMZ (1 time)
1994 Enhancement of metallothionein gene expression in male Wistar (WF/NCr) rats by treatment with calmodulin inhibitors: potential role of calcium regulatory pathways in metallothionein induction.
30  cardiac indices
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AAo (1 time)
CO (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1982 Haemodynamic changes in essential hypertension in young subjects.
31  cascade impactors
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
APS (1 time)
APSD (1 time)
APSDs (1 time)
2010 Cascade impactor (CI) mensuration--an assessment of the accuracy and precision of commercially available optical measurement systems.
32  cell islands
(3 times)
Embryology
(3 times)
MNC (1 time)
2013 Repeated, long-term cycling of putative stem cells between niches in a basal chordate.
33  cholinesterase inhibitors
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (3 times)
MEM (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
1998 Pharmacologic treatment of cognition in Alzheimer's dementia.
34  chymotrypsin inhibitors
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
TIs (2 times)
HGPs (1 time)
PIs (1 time)
1994 Genetic variation of trypsin and chymotrypsin inhibitors in pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] and its wild relatives.
35  circumscribed interests
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ASD (1 time)
TD (1 time)
2017 Application of a lag contingency to reduce perseveration on circumscribed interests.
36  composite islands
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
hMSCs (1 time)
HUVECs (1 time)
2012 DNA microarray profiling of a diverse collection of nosocomial methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus isolates assigns the majority to the correct sequence type and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) type and results in the subsequent identification and characterization of novel SCCmec-SCCM1 composite islands.
37  Connectivity Indices
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
MS (2 times)
MS network (1 time)
PCa (1 time)
2008 Proteomics, networks and connectivity indices.
38  cortical interneurons
(3 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(2 times)
GABA (1 time)
IZ/SVZ (1 time)
2016 In vivo imaging of cortical interneurons migrating in the intermediate/subventricular zones.
39  cylindrical inclusions
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
dpi (1 time)
SMV (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
1991 Cylindrical inclusion bodies of wheat streak mosaic virus and three other potyviruses only self-assemble in mixed infections.
40  cephalic indices
(2 times)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
--- 2012 Differential management of scaphocephaly.
41  chilling injuries
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
1-MCP (1 time)
LTC (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2015 Combined Treatments Reduce Chilling Injury and Maintain Fruit Quality in Avocado Fruit during Cold Quarantine.
42  chromosomal integrons
(2 times)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
GM (1 time)
MRIs (1 time)
2005 The native Pseudomonas stutzeri strain Q chromosomal integron can capture and express cassette-associated genes.
43  circulating immune complexes
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SA (2 times)
Mtb-hsp (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2013 Is mycobacterial heat shock protein 16 kDa, a marker of the dormant stage of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a sarcoid antigen?
44  clinical investigations
(2 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
MDs (2 times)
EU (1 time)
HL7 (1 time)
2009 A medical device domain analysis model based on HL7 RIM.
45  clinician-investigators
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(2 times)
CEs (2 times)
HR (1 time)
2003 Looking forward to promotion: characteristics of participants in the Prospective Study of Promotion in Academia.
46  cognitive interviews
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CVI (1 time)
HPN (1 time)
PLUS-M (1 time)
2014 Use of cognitive interviews in the development of the PLUS-M item bank.
47  communication impairments
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
RRBIs (1 time)
SIs (1 time)
2006 Phenotypic and genetic overlap between autistic traits at the extremes of the general population.
48  Concept inventories
(2 times)
Biological Phenomena
(1 time)
HPI-CI (1 time)
LOCI (1 time)
2016 Development of a Lac Operon Concept Inventory (LOCI).
49  Condition indices
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
SW (1 time)
2008 Effect of hypoosmotic stress by low salinity acclimation of Mediterranean mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis on biological parameters used for pollution assessment.
50  confidence levels
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
aRRs (1 time)
ePTB (1 time)
IVF (1 time)
2013 Effect of maternal height and weight on risk for preterm singleton and twin births resulting from IVF in the United States, 2008-2010.
51  confidence limits
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
ORs (2 times)
HCV (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2007 Alcohol dehydrogenase genetic polymorphisms, low-to-moderate alcohol consumption, and risk of breast cancer.
52  confidences
(2 times)
Drug Resistance
(1 time)
HRs (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
BSI (1 time)
2019 Early alert from the microbiology laboratory improves the outcome of elderly patients with Enterococcus spp. bloodstream infection: Results from a multicentre prospective study.
53  contact investigations
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
TB (2 times)
EMRs (1 time)
HCW (1 time)
2015 Increasing the efficiency and yield of a tuberculosis contact investigation through electronic data systems matching.
54  counterions
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
c-H-bonds (1 time)
PE (1 time)
WS (1 time)
2009 Equilibrium properties of a grafted polyelectrolyte with explicit counterions.
55  critical infrastructures
(2 times)
Cybernetics
(1 time)
GrC (1 time)
HARCI-EU (1 time)
2019 Resilience Analysis of Critical Infrastructures: A Cognitive Approach Based on Granular Computing.
56  caloric indices
(1 time)
Entomology
(1 time)
hL (1 time)
2018 Effects of Varying Photoperiodic Regimens on Critical Biological Fitness Traits of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) Mosquito Vector.
57  Candidate indicators
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CRS (1 time)
QIs (1 time)
RAND/UCLA (1 time)
2018 Quality indicators for the diagnosis and management of chronic rhinosinusitis.
58  capsid inhibitors
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
PF74 (1 time)
2019 Off-Pathway Assembly: A Broad-Spectrum Mechanism of Action for Drugs That Undermine Controlled HIV-1 Viral Capsid Formation.
59  care indicators
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2005 Monitoring performance: longterm impact of trauma verification and review.
60  carotid interventions
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2018 Why Do Vascular Surgeons Get Sued? Analysis of Claims and Outcomes in Malpractice Litigation.
61  catheter infections
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
SICU (1 time)
TLC (1 time)
1991 Safety of triple lumen catheters in the critically ill.
62  cell wall ingrowths
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
GCs (1 time)
NFCs (1 time)
RKNs (1 time)
2014 Transcriptomic signatures of transfer cells in early developing nematode feeding cells of Arabidopsis focused on auxin and ethylene signaling.
63  central incisors
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CAs (1 time)
FMs (1 time)
FPs (1 time)
2001 Factors influencing the dynamic behaviour of human teeth.
64  central islands
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
PMMA (1 time)
1997 PMMA model of steep central islands induced by excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy.
65  cerevisiaeclinical isolates
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
CHP (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2009 Oxidative stress response to menadione and cumene hydroperoxide in the opportunistic fungal pathogen Candida glabrata.
66  Cervical spine injuries
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
ISS (1 time)
2019 Cervical Spine Injury in Burned Trauma Patients: Incidence, Predictors, and Outcomes.
67  Chelator indices
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
DFO (1 time)
DFP (1 time)
LIC (1 time)
2005 Monitoring long-term efficacy of iron chelation treatment with biomagnetic liver susceptometry.
68  chemical interactions
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
10-MDP (1 time)
ADs (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2018 Chemical Interaction and Interface Analysis of Self-Etch Adhesives Containing 10-MDP and Methacrylamide With the Dentin in Noncarious Cervical Lesions.
69  chemotactic indexes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
pSS (1 time)
SLTC (1 time)
SS (1 time)
2011 [The effect of secondary lymphoid tissue chemokine and its receptor on chemotaxis of peripheral blood lymphocytes in the patients with Sjogren's syndrome].
70  child initiators
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
IPSBs (1 time)
2019 Children who engaged in interpersonal problematic sexual behaviors.
71  children who received bilateralcochlear implants
(1 time)
TRACS (1 time)
2017 Simultaneous bilateral cochlear implants: Developmental advances do not yet achieve normal cortical processing.
72  chitinase isoforms
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FPKM (1 time)
2015 Genome-wide analysis and differential expression of chitinases in banana against root lesion nematode (Pratylenchus coffeae) and eumusa leaf spot (Mycosphaerella eumusae) pathogens.
73  Cholinesterase inhibitors
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BCM (1 time)
CCU (1 time)
CMH (1 time)
2012 The burden of deliberate self-harm on the critical care unit of a peri-urban referral hospital in the Eastern Cape: a 5-year review of 419 patients.
74  chronic illnesses
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
PWDs (1 time)
2014 Prevalence of chronic illnesses and characteristics of chronically ill informal caregivers of persons with dementia.
75  chronic impairments
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BORRTI (1 time)
TI (1 time)
1996 The relationship of object relations and reality testing deficits to outcome status of methadone maintenance patients.
76  CI in short
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CAN (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CRS-R (1 time)
2018 A Heartbeat Away From Consciousness: Heart Rate Variability Entropy Can Discriminate Disorders of Consciousness and Is Correlated With Resting-State fMRI Brain Connectivity of the Central Autonomic Network.
77  circumferences
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ICC (1 time)
STs (1 time)
2018 Development and validation of anthropometric equations to estimate body composition in adult women.
78  climate indices
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ENSO (1 time)
GRACE (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2018 Understanding linkages between global climate indices and terrestrial water storage changes over Africa using GRACE products.
79  Clinical Indices
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
CSs (1 time)
EIs (1 time)
ISRs (1 time)
2001 A comparison of the predictive validity of four sets of baseline ASI summary indices.
80  cloud-ionosphere discharges
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1997 The cloud-ionosphere discharge: a newly observed thunderstorm phenomenon.
81  cluster investigations
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ST (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2019 Public health outcome of Tuberculosis Cluster Investigations, England 2010-2013.
82  cocaine injectors
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
COIs (1 time)
COPs (1 time)
CSs (1 time)
2013 Patterns of cocaine and opioid co-use and polyroutes of administration among street-based cocaine users in Montreal, Canada.
83  cochlear implantations
(1 time)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
FAO (1 time)
2017 Surgical Results and Complications of Cochlear Implantation in Far-Advanced Otosclerosis.
84  Coefficients
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
FVII (1 time)
vWF (1 time)
2008 Measurement of hemostatic factors in EDTA plasma.
85  cofactor intermediates
(1 time)
--- 2016 System wide cofactor turnovers can propagate metabolic stability between pathways.
86  cognitive interventions
(1 time)
NCD (1 time)
2016 Effectiveness of caregiver-provided cognitive interventions on cognition, social functioning and quality of life among older adults with major neurocognitive disorder: a systematic review protocol.
87  Cold weather injuries
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2004 Cold injuries among Israeli soldiers operating and training in a semiarid zone: a 10-year review.
88  colloid inclusions
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
FC (1 time)
HC (1 time)
HCN (1 time)
2005 Cytoplasmic colloid inclusions in thyroid lesions: a cytomorphological study based on fine needle aspiration.
89  Colorectal incidentalomas
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2017 Incidental detection of colorectal lesions by FDG PET/CT scans in melanoma patients.
90  combined ORs
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
ORs (1 time)
2009 A literature review of molecular markers predictive of clinical response to cytotoxic chemotherapy in patients with breast cancer.
91  commissural interneurons
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
DIs (1 time)
MLR (1 time)
1992 The spinal motor system in early vertebrates and some of its evolutionary changes.
92  communicative intentions
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 1999 Communicative intentions and language: evidence from right-hemisphere damage and autism.
93  Community Initiatives
(1 time)
Health Policy
(1 time)
CHC (1 time)
2014 The untold story: examining Ontario's community health centres' initiatives to address upstream determinants of health.
94  Comorbidity indices
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CCI-D (1 time)
CD (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2019 Assessment of the Value of Comorbidity Indices for Risk Adjustment in Colorectal Surgery Patients.
95  Compared to Whites, the HR
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
HRs (1 time)
2016 Risk of cancer in Asian Americans: a Kaiser Permanente cohort study.
96  Compared with the never-drinkers, the multivariable-adjusted HRs
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CIRCS (1 time)
HRs (1 time)
2014 Heavy alcohol consumption and risk of atrial fibrillation. The Circulatory Risk in Communities Study (CIRCS).
97  comparison intervals
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CNV (1 time)
PSE (1 time)
SI (1 time)
2019 A neural marker of the start-gun in interval timing: Onset N1P2.
98  competing interests
(1 time)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
CPGs (1 time)
2008 Competing interests in development of clinical practice guidelines for diabetes management: Report from a multidisciplinary workshop.
99  complex injuries
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
NCs (1 time)
2002 Devastating and fatal complications associated with combined vascular and bile duct injuries during cholecystectomy.
100  composed indexes
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
PHC (1 time)
2019 Variation in primary health care services after implementation of quality improvement policy in Brazil.