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Abbreviation: CK
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
creatine kinase
(6327 times)
Cardiology
(880 times)
LDH (1033 times)
AST (511 times)
MDA (267 times)
1965 [ON THE LOCALIZATION OF CREATINE KINASE (CK) IN HUMAN SKELETAL MUSCLE].
cytokeratin
(1919 times)
Pathology
(715 times)
EMA (108 times)
CEA (85 times)
IHC (67 times)
1985 Histogenesis of glomerular crescents. Immunohistochemical demonstration of cytokeratin in crescent cells.
creatine phosphokinase
(213 times)
Cardiology
(28 times)
LDH (55 times)
MDA (24 times)
AST (20 times)
1977 Factors modifying ischemic injury in the isolated rat heart.
cytokinin
(166 times)
Botany
(96 times)
ABA (27 times)
IPT (13 times)
WT (11 times)
1998 cis-isomers of cytokinins predominate in chickpea seeds throughout their development
compound K
(103 times)
Pharmacology
(28 times)
PPD (13 times)
AMPK (6 times)
PPT (5 times)
1991 Studies on absorption, distribution, excretion and metabolism of ginseng saponins. VII. Comparison of the decomposition modes of ginsenoside-Rb1 and -Rb2 in the digestive tract of rats.
CyberKnife
(80 times)
Neoplasms
(35 times)
SRS (14 times)
SBRT (10 times)
CI (9 times)
2003 Dosimetric comparison of CyberKnife with other radiosurgical modalities for an ellipsoidal target.
creatine kinase activity
(78 times)
Sports Medicine
(19 times)
Mb (8 times)
ROM (8 times)
DOMS (6 times)
1980 The effects of propranolol on myocardial perfusion and metabolism during acute regional ischaemia.
casein kinase
(68 times)
Biochemistry
(24 times)
PKA (5 times)
cTnT (4 times)
GSK (4 times)
1990 The region of the HPV E7 oncoprotein homologous to adenovirus E1a and Sv40 large T antigen contains separate domains for Rb binding and casein kinase II phosphorylation.
anti-cytokeratin
(56 times)
Pathology
(16 times)
EMA (5 times)
mAb (5 times)
TEC (5 times)
1986 Non-glial specificities of immunocytochemistry for the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). Triple expression of GFAP, vimentin and cytokeratins in papillary meningioma and metastasizing renal carcinoma.
10  complex karyotype
(47 times)
Hematology
(24 times)
AML (19 times)
MK (19 times)
OS (19 times)
2004 Cytogenetic profile of myelodysplastic syndromes with complex karyotypes: an analysis using spectral karyotyping.
11  conductive keratoplasty
(43 times)
Ophthalmology
(37 times)
MRSE (11 times)
LASIK (10 times)
PRK (6 times)
2001 Conductive keratoplasty for the correction of hyperopia.
12  choline kinase
(39 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
PC (14 times)
CT (7 times)
CPT (5 times)
1977 Phosphatidylcholine-lysophosphatidylcholine cycle pathway enzymes in rabbit lung. I. Subcellular localization and properties.
13  Clinical Knowledge
(37 times)
Education
(24 times)
USMLE (21 times)
GPA (4 times)
IMGs (3 times)
2004 Assessing the validity of the USMLE step 2 clinical knowledge examination through an evaluation of its clinical relevance.
14  chicken kidney
(34 times)
Virology
(11 times)
IBV (8 times)
CEF (3 times)
CE (2 times)
1970 Studies of laryngotracheitis virus in avian tissue cultures. 3. Enhancement of infectivity by diethylaminoethyl-dextran.
15  cytokine
(32 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
IL (3 times)
CT (2 times)
HCV (2 times)
1986 Cytokines and fibrosis.
16  carbamate kinase
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
CP (8 times)
OTC (8 times)
ADI (7 times)
1989 Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of the genes of the arginine deiminase system of Streptococcus sanguis NCTC 10904.
17  chemokine
(23 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
DC (3 times)
TME (3 times)
CKR (2 times)
1993 The human erythrocyte inflammatory peptide (chemokine) receptor. Biochemical characterization, solubilization, and development of a binding assay for the soluble receptor.
18  color kinesis
(21 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
LV (11 times)
CK-DI (3 times)
AMI (2 times)
1997 Evaluation of color kinesis, a new echocardiographic method for analyzing regional wall motion in patients with dilated left ventricles.
19  check
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
DEGs (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
ADG (1 time)
2008 [Bioavailability of As, Cu and Zn in two soils as affected by application of chicken manure and pig manure].
20  cathepsin K
(19 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
TRAP (8 times)
MMP (5 times)
RANK (3 times)
2000 Novel mutations of the cathepsin K gene in patients with pycnodysostosis and their characterization.
21  creatine kinase specific activity
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
JKF (7 times)
RAL (6 times)
CG (4 times)
1996 Stimulation of creatine kinase specific activity in human osteoblast and endometrial cells by estrogens and anti-estrogens and its modulation by calciotropic hormones.
22  cervical kyphosis
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
AIS (5 times)
CPSM (4 times)
TK (3 times)
2014 Prevalence and type of cervical deformity among 470 adults with thoracolumbar deformity.
23  creatine kinase levels
(13 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AMI (2 times)
GISSI (2 times)
SK (2 times)
1985 Successful carnitine treatment in two siblings having lipid storage myopathy with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
24  cultured keratinocyte
(9 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
FT (4 times)
Auto (1 time)
Auto CK (1 time)
1988 Antibody response to xenogeneic proteins in burned patients receiving cultured keratinocyte grafts.
25  cyanoketone
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
17 alpha, 20 beta-DP (1 time)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
ALDO (1 time)
1983 Drug-induced adrenal hypertrophy provides evidence for reset in the adrenocortical system.
26  creatine kinase concentration
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
DOMS (2 times)
10SST (1 time)
CMJ (1 time)
1992 Extracellular-superoxide dismutase type C (EC-SOD C) reduces myocardial damage in rats subjected to coronary occlusion and 24 hours of reperfusion.
27  creatinine kinetics
(7 times)
Nephrology
(6 times)
LBM (3 times)
DXA (2 times)
HGS (2 times)
1996 Total body protein status assessed by different estimates of fat-free mass in adult peritoneal dialysis patients.
28  calf kidney
(6 times)
Virology
(3 times)
BEK (1 time)
CTY (1 time)
DMEM (1 time)
1977 Interactions between calf alveolar macrophages and parainfluenza-3 virus.
29  Candida krusei
(6 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CA (5 times)
CT (4 times)
Cg (3 times)
1998 Oral microbiota and implant type membranes.
30  cystathionine ketimine
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
LK (3 times)
PHTZDC (2 times)
NAc-cysta (1 time)
1988 Detection of cystathionine and lanthionine ketimines in human urine.
31  CK flux
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
ATP (3 times)
PCr (3 times)
HF (2 times)
2012 Allopurinol acutely increases adenosine triphospate energy delivery in failing human hearts.
32  clinical ketosis
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
BHBA (3 times)
SCK (3 times)
BHB (2 times)
2010 Evaluation of nonesterified fatty acids and beta-hydroxybutyrate in transition dairy cattle in the northeastern United States: Critical thresholds for prediction of clinical diseases.
33  co-kriging
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
OK (2 times)
BC (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2010 [Comparison of spatial interpolation methods for daily meteorological elements].
34  contralateral kidney
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
GFR (2 times)
AUN (1 time)
CKD-EPI (1 time)
1976 Renal hydrogen ion secretion after release of unilateral ureteral obstruction.
35  creatine kinase enzyme
(5 times)
Urology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
FABP3 (1 time)
1984 Evaluation of a new radioimmunological assay for the determination of the B subunit of creatine kinase enzyme.
36  Changkil
(4 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
DNCB (1 time)
2001 Aqueous extract isolated from Platycodon grandiflorum elicits the release of nitric oxide and tumor necrosis factor-alpha from murine macrophages.
37  clipped kidneys
(4 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
NCK (3 times)
ACE (2 times)
CD (2 times)
2005 Quantitative estimation of renal blood flow by power Doppler ultrasonography in renovascular hypertensive dogs.
38  congenital kyphosis
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
SK (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CKS (1 time)
2013 The results of closing wedge osteotomy with posterior instrumented fusion for the surgical treatment of congenital kyphosis.
39  conventional karyotyping
(4 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
PND (2 times)
SL (2 times)
APL (1 time)
2001 Fluorescence in situ hybridization: a highly efficient technique of molecular diagnosis and predication for disease course in patients with myeloid leukemias.
40  cadaveric kidney
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
BMD (2 times)
BAP (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
1987 Hypertension following renal transplantation in children.
41  central keratometry
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ACD (1 time)
AST (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
2010 Corneal topographic changes in healthy siblings of patients with keratoconus.
42  chaetoglobosin K
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
--- 1999 Treatment of Ras-induced cancers by the F-actin cappers tensin and chaetoglobosin K, in combination with the caspase-1 inhibitor N1445.
43  cocktail
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
hMSC (1 time)
2006 Keratin expression in schwannoma; a study of 115 retroperitoneal and 22 peripheral schwannomas.
44  coefficient of kurtosis
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
CS (3 times)
SBI (3 times)
CV (2 times)
1987 In vitro study of continuous wave Doppler spectral changes resulting from stenoses and bulbs.
45  Cohen's Kappa
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BNI score (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
MVD (1 time)
1992 Preselection of finishing pigs on the farm as an aid for meat inspection.
46  creatine kinase reaction
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
31P-MRS (1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
MT (1 time)
1989 The use of the creatine kinase reaction to determine free energy change of ATP hydrolysis in anoxic cardiomyocytes.
47  cystine-knot
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
vWF (3 times)
TFPD (1 time)
TGF-beta (1 time)
2006 Differential effects of the loss of intrachain- versus interchain-disulfide bonds in the cystine-knot domain of von Willebrand factor on the clinical phenotype of von Willebrand disease.
48  cytokeratin-positive
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
BM (1 time)
CTCs (1 time)
DTC (1 time)
2000 Epithelial cells in bone marrow of oesophageal cancer patients: a significant prognostic factor in multivariate analysis.
49  anti-pan-cytokeratin
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
CTCs (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
2007 Fine needle aspiration cytology as an additional tool in the diagnosis of odontogenic keratocyst.
50  C. kousa
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CA (2 times)
CF (2 times)
CM (2 times)
2015 Antiproliferative Activities of Water Infusions from Leaves of Five Cornus L. Species.
51  Caldirola-Kanai
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
--- 2014 The effects of nonextensivity on quantum dissipation.
52  California Kid
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
LC (1 time)
SC (1 time)
1992 Application of dot immunobinding on membrane filtration (MF dot) to the study of relationships within "M. mycoides cluster" and within "glucose and arginine-negative cluster" of ruminant mycoplasmas.
53  Callicarpa kwangtungensis Chun
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
PG (1 time)
TPC, TFC (1 time)
2014 Isolation, identification and activities of natural antioxidants from Callicarpa kwangtungensis Chun.
54  Caragana korshinskii Kom
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
LHR (2 times)
RP (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2014 Stratification of carbon fractions and carbon management index in deep soil affected by the Grain-to-Green Program in China.
55  cell kinetics
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
BCR (1 time)
MI (1 time)
PC (1 time)
1989 Analysis of sister-chromatid exchanges, cell kinetics and mitotic index in lymphocytes of smoking pesticide sprayers.
56  cervix keratinocytes
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HPV (1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
ORFs (1 time)
1993 Immortalization of human cervical keratinocytes by human papillomavirus type 33.
57  chloromethyl ketone
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
SPCK (2 times)
TPCK (2 times)
alpha-1-PI (1 time)
1988 Antiproteinases protect cultured lung endothelial cells from endotoxin injury.
58  citrated kaolin
(2 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(1 time)
TEG (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CHK (1 time)
2014 Thrombelastography and rotational thromboelastometry early amplitudes in 182 trauma patients with clinical suspicion of severe injury.
59  citron-K kinase
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
RV (2 times)
CRS (1 time)
2004 Rubella virus P90 associates with the cytokinesis regulatory protein Citron-K kinase and the viral infection and constitutive expression of P90 protein both induce cell cycle arrest following S phase in cell culture.
60  CK-mit
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
Cr (2 times)
CK-B (1 time)
CyCr (1 time)
1997 Differential effects of creatine kinase isoenzymes and substrates on regeneration in livers of transgenic mice.
61  Coalescence Kick
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AdNDP (1 time)
AFFCK (1 time)
CMO (1 time)
2015 AFFCK: Adaptive Force-Field-Assisted ab Initio Coalescence Kick Method for Global Minimum Search.
62  cold-knife
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
MPC (1 time)
MR (1 time)
RP (1 time)
2013 Transrectal ultrasonography-guided injection of long-acting steroids in the treatment of recurrent/resistant anastomotic stenosis after radical prostatectomy.
63  control blank
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ASP (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2011 [Effect of Tongfeng trace elements nutrient balance agent on growth, physiological characteristics and content of active constituents of Glycyrrhiza uralensis].
64  control kidney
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BBMV (1 time)
DK (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
1971 Disproportionate inhibition of sodium reabsorption in the unilaterally diseased kidney of dog and man after an acute saline load.
65  correct knowledge
(2 times)
Social Medicine
(1 time)
AK (1 time)
ECAC (1 time)
PCK (1 time)
1990 Adaptation of the "European Code Against Cancer" (ECAC) to the cultural needs of low income women in Greece: comparative effectiveness of health education approaches.
66  correlated kurtosis
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
EWT (1 time)
RSGWPT (1 time)
2016 Weak Fault Feature Extraction of Rolling Bearings Based on an Improved Kurtogram.
67  cysteine knot
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
SMIS (1 time)
vWF (1 time)
2016 von Willebrand factor is dimerized by protein disulfide isomerase.
68  cytokeratin peptides
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EMA (1 time)
ES (1 time)
ING (1 time)
1986 Epithelioid sarcoma and isolated necrobiotic granuloma: a comparative immunocytochemical study.
69  kappa constant gene
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ASOs (1 time)
Igk (1 time)
1991 Km typing with PCR: application to population screening.
70  2018-Charlie Kimball
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
HR (1 time)
ST (1 time)
2018 Physical Fitness and Blood Glucose Influence Performance in IndyCar Racing.
71  biomarkers-creatine kinase
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
PRS (1 time)
2015 Evaluation of the Effects of BioCell Collagen, a Novel Cartilage Extract, on Connective Tissue Support and Functional Recovery From Exercise.
72  c-KIT and cytokeratin
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DFS (1 time)
2008 Breast carcinomas expressing basal markers have poor clinical outcome regardless of estrogen receptor status.
73  c-kit, CD34, thy-1, albumin, cytokeratin
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
HB (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of gene expression related to hepatic cell maturation and differentiation in a chemically induced mouse hepatoblastoma cell line.
74  C. kanehirae
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CKO (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2004 Anti-inflammatory activity of the extracts from mycelia of Antrodia camphorata cultured with water-soluble fractions from five different Cinnamomum species.
75  cabbage kimchi
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
DCM fr (1 time)
OK (1 time)
2003 Kimchi and an active component, beta-sitosterol, reduce oncogenic H-Ras(v12)-induced DNA synthesis.
76  cadaveric kidney models
(1 time)
Fr (1 time)
PCNL (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2017 Renal parenchyma injury after percutaneous nephrolithotomy tract dilatations in pig and cadaveric kidney models.
77  calculations resulting to be: logK
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ADP (1 time)
2005 Quantitative mathematical expressions for accurate in vivo assessment of cytosolic [ADP] and DeltaG of ATP hydrolysis in the human brain and skeletal muscle.
78  calmodulin kinase
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Defective heart development in hypomorphic LSD1 mice.
79  calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MECP2 (1 time)
2011 Setdb1-mediated histone H3K9 hypermethylation in neurons worsens the neurological phenotype of Mecp2-deficient mice.
80  canine kidney
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CPE (1 time)
HAD (1 time)
HK (1 time)
1970 Evaluation of three cell culture systems as substrates for influenza virus assay.
81  carbon K
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
DSBs (1 time)
1995 0.3 keV carbon K ultrasoft X-rays are four times more effective than gamma-rays when inducing oncogenic cell transformation at low doses.
82  carbon K-shell
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
AlK (1 time)
OERs (1 time)
RBE (1 time)
2001 Dependence of the yield of DNA double-strand breaks in Chinese hamster V79-4 cells on the photon energy of ultrasoft X rays.
83  carbonized Kimwipes
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 A hierarchical carbonized paper with controllable thickness as a modulable interlayer system for high performance Li-S batteries.
84  cardida keratitis
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
FK (1 time)
2000 [The clinical features and study on therapeutic effects of fungal keratitis].
85  carrageenan-kaolin mixture
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
i.t (1 time)
IA (1 time)
2002 The thermal and mechanical anti-hyperalgesic effects of pre- versus post-intrathecal treatment with lamotrigine in a rat model of inflammatory pain.
86  Carroll-Klein
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
MSRS (1 time)
MVAS-BP (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2001 Toward a refined phenomenology of mania: combining clinician-assessment and self-report in the French EPIMAN study.
87  casein kinase-like
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Drosophila NO-dependent guanylyl cyclase is finely regulated by sequential order of coincidental signaling.
88  Caspar and Klug
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Hidden symmetry of small spherical viruses and organization principles in "anomalous" and double-shelled capsid nanoassemblies.
89  caudal ketamine
(1 time)
Anesthesia
(1 time)
TK (1 time)
2017 Topical versus caudal ketamine/bupivacaine combination for postoperative analgesia in children undergoing inguinal herniotomy.
90  CD34, Ki-67, and cytokeratin
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2008 CD133 expression is correlated with lymph node metastasis and vascular endothelial growth factor-C expression in pancreatic cancer.
91  CelK
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
C12A (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2016 Synergistic enhancement of cellulase pairs linked by consensus ankyrin repeats: Determination of the roles of spacing, orientation, and enzyme identity.
92  cell immunocytochemistry for pancytokeratine
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
LN (1 time)
TCD (1 time)
2010 Quantification of tumor cell burden by analysis of single cell lymph node disaggregates in metastatic prostate cancer.
93  cell kill
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
B-CLL (1 time)
dgA (1 time)
ITs (1 time)
1993 Four ricin chain A-based immunotoxins directed against the common chronic lymphocytic leukemia antigen: in vitro characterization.
94  cells were positive for pancytokeratins
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
CBD (1 time)
IOPN (1 time)
2012 Malignant intraductal oncocytic papillary neoplasm of the common bile duct.
95  Central K
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Longitudinal study of keratoconus progression.
96  changes in their knowledge
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 Development, implementation and assessment of a concussion education programme for high school student-athletes.
97  Changme Khangpu
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CKG (1 time)
2018 Bacterial Diversity in an Alpine Debris-Free and Debris-Cover Accumulation Zone Glacier Ice, North Sikkim, India.
98  Charcot knee
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2018 Diabetic Neuropathic Arthropathy of the Knee: Two Case Reports and a Review of the Literature.
99  check group
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2013 Risk assessment of mouse gastric tissue cancer induced by dichlorvos and dimethoate.
100  chemical kinetic
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2017 A novel combined chemical kinetic and trapping method for probing the relationships between chemical reactivity and interfacial H2O, Br- and H+ ion molarities in CTAB/C12E6 mixed micelles.