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Abbreviation: CL
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
chemiluminescence
(3026 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(615 times)
ROS (200 times)
PMN (184 times)
PMA (161 times)
1963 A partial kinetic analysis of the chemiluminescence (CL) of phenazine methosulfate (PMS).
corpus luteum
(2169 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1139 times)
hCG (122 times)
PG (122 times)
LH (114 times)
1975 Adequacy of main uterine vein and the ovarian artery in the local venoarterial pathway for uterine-induced luteolysis in ewes.
clearance
(1890 times)
Pharmacology
(950 times)
AUC (256 times)
Vd (252 times)
PK (241 times)
1976 Pharmacokinetics and plasma binding of diazepam in man, dog, rabbit, guinea pig and rat.
cutaneous leishmaniasis
(1208 times)
Tropical Medicine
(384 times)
VL (142 times)
PCR (72 times)
ML (40 times)
1983 Cutaneous leishmaniasis in an infant.
cardiolipin
(865 times)
Biochemistry
(360 times)
PC (141 times)
PE (132 times)
PG (120 times)
1970 Cardiolipin-specific phospholipase D of Haemophilus parainfluenzae. II. Characteristics and possible significance.
confidence limits
(464 times)
Epidemiology
(67 times)
OR (89 times)
RR (41 times)
HR (17 times)
1977 Amniotic fluid testosterone and follicle-stimulating hormone in the determination of fetal sex.
contact lens
(369 times)
Ophthalmology
(215 times)
AK (15 times)
IOL (14 times)
CI (12 times)
1980 An evaluation of orthokeratology.
cycle length
(351 times)
Cardiology
(272 times)
AF (65 times)
APD (41 times)
VT (41 times)
1975 Eectrophysiological observations in pateints with rate dependent bundle branch block.
cervical length
(270 times)
Obstetrics
(191 times)
PTB (55 times)
fFN (35 times)
SPTB (28 times)
1998 [Transvaginal ultrasound assessment of cervical changes before onset of labor].
10  confidence limit
(177 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
OR (27 times)
RR (12 times)
HR (8 times)
1985 The use of criteria for reversibility and obstruction to define patient groups for bronchodilator trials. Influence of clinical diagnosis, spirometric, and anthropometric variables.
11  cleft lip
(171 times)
Dentistry
(73 times)
CP (105 times)
CLP (84 times)
CL/P (22 times)
1978 The effects of zero population growth on the incidence of cleft lip and palate in Western Australia.
12  epsilon-caprolactone
(107 times)
Chemistry
(26 times)
ROP (20 times)
TMC (19 times)
PCL (14 times)
1991 Evaluation of new pasty-type implantable devices consisting of poly(epsilon-caprolactone/delta-valerolactone) and Estracyt or estramustine.
13  contralateral
(105 times)
Neurology
(34 times)
IL (17 times)
VL (17 times)
PC (16 times)
1976 Convergence of the descending pathways of motor, visual and limbic cortex in the cat di- and mesencephalon.
14  compliance
(95 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(46 times)
RL (14 times)
VT (8 times)
FRC (7 times)
1975 Interrelations between pulmonary liquid volumes and lung compliance.
15  Corpora lutea
(66 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(32 times)
LH (9 times)
hCG (5 times)
PG (5 times)
1975 Progestational function of perifused rat corpora lutea.
16  central line
(64 times)
Communicable Diseases
(20 times)
CLABSI (16 times)
ICUs (11 times)
INICC (11 times)
1983 Testicular growth in boars of different genetic lines and its relationship to reproductive performance.
17  conventional laparoscopy
(61 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
LESS (13 times)
ML (6 times)
SIL (6 times)
1997 Small diameter versus conventional laparoscopy: a prospective, self-controlled study.
18  cytotoxic lymphocytes
(58 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(36 times)
MLC (6 times)
NK (5 times)
CLP (4 times)
1971 Cellular and humoral response to transplantation antigens. I. Development of alloantibody-forming cells and cytotoxic lymphocytes in the graft-versus-host reaction.
19  confidence level
(51 times)
Medicine
(15 times)
FOK (3 times)
OR (3 times)
HR (2 times)
1989 Surgical management of acute aortic dissection complicated by stroke.
20  cooking loss
(46 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(25 times)
SF (15 times)
DL (13 times)
WHC (12 times)
1989 Evaluation of salt, polyphosphates and their blends at different levels on physicochemical properties of buffalo meat and patties.
21  Cormack-Lehane
(46 times)
Anesthesiology
(16 times)
ETI (5 times)
TMD (5 times)
DL (4 times)
2004 Risk factors assessment of the difficult airway: an italian survey of 1956 patients.
22  central lateral nucleus
(45 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
VL (10 times)
Po (9 times)
MD (8 times)
1977 Topographical arrangement of thalamocortical neurons in the centrolateral nucleus (CL) of the cat, with special reference to a spino-thalamo-motor cortical path through the CL.
23  cervical lordosis
(45 times)
Orthopedics
(24 times)
TK (21 times)
LL (18 times)
PT (17 times)
2002 Sagittal profiles of the spine in scoliosis associated with an Arnold-Chiari malformation with or without syringomyelia.
24  closed-loop
(41 times)
Endocrinology
(22 times)
OL (17 times)
CGM (8 times)
BG (5 times)
1996 Proximal contribution to a linear static model of accommodation and vergence.
25  coriaria lactone
(41 times)
Medicine
(22 times)
P-gp (4 times)
SE (3 times)
CBZ (2 times)
1990 [Variation of cAMP in cerebral cortex and hippocampus in seizure mice induced by coriaria lactone].
26  control
(39 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
SL (5 times)
AS (2 times)
AUC (2 times)
1985 Regulation of intestinal blood flow with increased intraluminal pressure.
27  clearance rate
(37 times)
Pharmacology
(21 times)
Vd (7 times)
HPLC (3 times)
i.v (2 times)
1985 Effect of short surgical procedures on salivary paracetamol elimination.
28  cross-linked
(37 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
MA (6 times)
8-MOP (5 times)
3-CPs (2 times)
1985 All-reagent test tablets and method for rapid and selective alpha-amylase iodometric determination.
29  cholelithiasis
(35 times)
Therapeutics
(11 times)
GBC (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
CE (2 times)
1987 [Comparative study of bile sedimentation rate and pH normally and in cholelithiasis patients].
30  cathepsin L
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
CB (11 times)
CD (6 times)
uPA (4 times)
1992 Fibroblasts transformed by different ras oncogenes show dissimilar patterns of protease gene expression and regulation.
31  clonidine
(32 times)
Pharmacology
(17 times)
PE (7 times)
MO (6 times)
NE (4 times)
1976 Influence of 6-hydroxydopamine on the behavioral effects induced by apomorphine or clonidine in rats.
32  continuous light
(32 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
IL (5 times)
SS (5 times)
CD (3 times)
1975 A failure to train the "same-different" differentiation of photic stimuli in dogs.
33  cationic liposomes
(30 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
DOPE (3 times)
pDNA (3 times)
siRNA (3 times)
1997 Cytoplasmic gene expression system enhances the efficiency of cationic liposome-mediated in vivo gene transfer into mouse brain.
34  Cutis laxa
(30 times)
Dermatology
(13 times)
FBLN5 (2 times)
PXE (2 times)
SLE (2 times)
1990 Determination of desmosines in elastin-related skin disorders by isocratic high-performance liquid chromatography.
35  carapace length
(27 times)
Biology
(10 times)
CW (3 times)
ADG (2 times)
BW (2 times)
1976 An evaluation of the Australian beef carcase appraisal system.
36  cardinal ligament
(23 times)
Gynecology
(10 times)
USL (9 times)
ITCL (6 times)
POP (6 times)
2001 Tarsal sinus: arthrographic, MR imaging, MR arthrographic, and pathologic findings in cadavers and retrospective study data in patients with sinus tarsi syndrome.
37  constant light
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
CD (3 times)
AST (1 time)
BiP (1 time)
1975 Influence of adrenalectomy, castration, and light cycle on steroid hydroxylase activity in the adult male rat liver.
38  Curcuma longa
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
TC (6 times)
OS (3 times)
AI (2 times)
2003 Lens aldose reductase inhibiting potential of some indigenous plants.
39  cleistogamous
(21 times)
Biology
(8 times)
CH (20 times)
AMF (1 time)
DRA (1 time)
1985 RELATIVE PERFORMANCE OF SELFED AND OUTCROSSED PROGENY IN IMPATIENS CAPENSIS.
40  clenbuterol
(21 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
CE (2 times)
RSD (2 times)
1H-NMR (1 time)
1994 Effects of dietary supplementation of beta 2-adrenergic agonist clenbuterol on carcase characteristics and some metabolites in ducks.
41  Composite lymphoma
(21 times)
Pathology
(9 times)
FL (5 times)
cHL (4 times)
MCL (4 times)
1985 Morphologic and immunologic evidence of composite B- and T-cell lymphomas. A report of three cases developing in follicular center cell lymphomas.
42  chain length
(20 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
DP (6 times)
AP (4 times)
ECL (3 times)
1995 Maize branching enzyme catalyzes synthesis of glycogen-like polysaccharide in glgB-deficient Escherichia coli.
43  critical load
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
ANC (2 times)
BCs (1 time)
BLM (1 time)
2006 Non-exhaustive test for aerobic capacity determination in swimming rats.
44  cellulose
(19 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
CS (5 times)
CO (3 times)
GG (3 times)
1988 Dietary fibre and the mouse colon: its influence on luminal pH, reducing activity and bile acid binding.
45  cholesterol
(19 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
PL (5 times)
TG (5 times)
PE (4 times)
1982 Acute effect of prednisone and deflazacort on glucose tolerance in prediabetic subjects.
46  cognitive load
(19 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
WM (7 times)
VR (4 times)
CLT (2 times)
2011 The emotional startle effect is disrupted by a concurrent working memory task.
47  conventional liposomes
(19 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
DL (4 times)
TEM (3 times)
ABC (2 times)
1998 Increased liver uptake of liposomes and improved targeting efficacy by labeling with asialofetuin in rodents.
48  cutaneous lymphoma
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
CTCL (3 times)
MF (3 times)
CBCL (2 times)
1995 CD44v6 is a marker for systemic spread in cutaneous T-cell lymphomas. A comparative study between nodal and cutaneous lymphomas.
49  cytoplasmic loop
(19 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
CT (6 times)
Cx43 (3 times)
CaM (2 times)
1997 Analysis of the G93E mutant allele of KpsM, the membrane component of an ABC transporter involved in polysialic acid translocation in Escherichia coli K1.
50  checklist
(18 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
GRS (12 times)
ICC (3 times)
GiECAT (2 times)
2002 [Validity of the Japanese version of Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test for evaluation of everyday memory function in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease].
51  cortical lesions
(17 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
MS (9 times)
DIR (6 times)
MRI (6 times)
2000 Understanding ambiguous words in biased sentences: evidence of transient contextual effects in individuals with nonthalamic subcortical lesions and Parkinson's disease.
52  calcitonin receptor-like receptor
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
AM (9 times)
CGRP (8 times)
RAMP (7 times)
2003 CL/RAMP2 and CL/RAMP3 produce pharmacologically distinct adrenomedullin receptors: a comparison of effects of adrenomedullin22-52, CGRP8-37 and BIBN4096BS.
53  canine leishmaniasis
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
IFAT (3 times)
PCR (2 times)
AmB (1 time)
1997 An immunodiffusion assay for the detection of canine leishmaniasis due to infection with Leishmania infantum.
54  central laboratory
(16 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(6 times)
POC (7 times)
POCT (6 times)
INR (3 times)
2001 Blood gas analysis: POCT versus central laboratory on samples sent by a pneumatic tube system.
55  collagen
(16 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
ECM (3 times)
rhBMP-2 (3 times)
EL (2 times)
1992 Differential temporal and spatial expression of mRNA encoding extracellular matrix components in decidua during the peri-implantation period.
56  caseous lymphadenitis
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
PCR (2 times)
CFU (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
1984 [Caseous lymphadenitis (CL)].
57  childhood leukaemia
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
ALL (5 times)
CI (3 times)
PM (2 times)
1985 Epidemiological and immunological characteristics of childhood leukaemia in The Netherlands: population-based data from a nationwide co-operative group of paediatricians.
58  cooperative learning
(15 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
CLS (2 times)
ASIC (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1993 Evaluation of laboratory data by conventional statistics and by three types of neural networks.
59  cystic lymphangioma
(15 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
CT (1 time)
IVC (1 time)
MC (1 time)
1995 Abdominal cystic lymphangiomas: US and CT findings.
60  cationic lipid
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
DOPE (4 times)
pDNA (3 times)
DOTAP (2 times)
1996 Efficient gene transfer into mammalian cells using fusogenic liposome.
61  ceroid-lipofuscinosis
(14 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
CLP (1 time)
Dol-PP-OS (1 time)
EM (1 time)
1980 On the neurochemistry of an adult form of ceroid lipofuscinosis (Kuf's disease).
62  clindamycin
(14 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
Tet (4 times)
BPO (2 times)
D-test (2 times)
1999 Inhibition of alpha-smooth muscle actin expression in an in vitro wound healing model by certain antibiotics.
63  cooling
(14 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(13 times)
HT (14 times)
PRL (4 times)
OG (2 times)
2009 Heat-stress abatement during the dry period: does cooling improve transition into lactation?
64  caprolactone
(13 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
SLs (5 times)
CLA (3 times)
LA (3 times)
1996 Dual-controlled drug delivery across biodegradable copolymer. I. Delivery kinetics of levonorgestrel and estradiol through (caprolactone/lactide) block copolymer.
65  Cerenkov luminescence
(13 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
CLI (4 times)
PET (4 times)
QDs (2 times)
2013 Enhancement of Cerenkov luminescence imaging by dual excitation of Er(3+),Yb(3+)-doped rare-earth microparticles.
66  colistin
(13 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(4 times)
AMK (3 times)
CPFX (3 times)
GM (3 times)
1985 Sensitive enzyme immunoassay of colistin and its application to detect residual colistin in rainbow trout tissue.
67  anti-cardiolipin
(12 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
SLE (6 times)
ANA (2 times)
APS (2 times)
1987 Anti-cardiolipin antibodies in neurological disorders: cross-reaction with anti-single stranded DNA activity.
68  cerebellum
(12 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CTX (3 times)
OB (3 times)
PSD (3 times)
1985 Existence of a Ca2+-dependent K+ channel in synaptic membrane and postsynaptic density fractions isolated from canine cerebral cortex and cerebellum, as determined by apamin binding.
69  CL-316,243
(12 times)
Physiology
(12 times)
WAT (5 times)
UCP1 (4 times)
UCP (3 times)
1994 Effect of CL-316,243, a thermogenic beta 3-agonist, on energy balance and brown and white adipose tissues in rats.
70  Crithidia luciliae
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
SLE (5 times)
ANA (2 times)
IIF (2 times)
1979 Anti-native DNA detection by the Crithidia luciliae method: an improved guide to the diagnosis and clinical management of systemic lupus erythematosus.
71  caudate lobe
(11 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
RL (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2000 Configuration of the right portion of the caudate lobe with special reference to identification of its right margin.
72  cell lysate
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
CS (2 times)
SN (2 times)
ARDS (1 time)
1990 Paw oedema test for detection of Salmonella enterotoxin : modification and standardization.
73  Cell Ontology
(11 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
GO (3 times)
CLO (2 times)
CARO (1 time)
2009 An improved ontological representation of dendritic cells as a paradigm for all cell types.
74  cellular leiomyoma
(11 times)
Gynecology
(4 times)
LMS (6 times)
ESS (5 times)
ER (4 times)
1999 Expression of steroid receptors, Ki-67, and p53 in uterine leiomyosarcomas.
75  chemiluminescence response
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
PMN (2 times)
PMNs (2 times)
5-HETE (1 time)
1983 Functional and metabolic activity of granulocytes from patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome. Evidence for activated neutrophils in the pulmonary circulation.
76  chronic laryngitis
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
SU (3 times)
DD (2 times)
HYP (2 times)
2005 Genetic parameters for claw disorders in Dutch dairy cattle and correlations with conformation traits.
77  clarithromycin
(11 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AZ (4 times)
Er (4 times)
AMX (2 times)
1988 Comparative in vitro potencies of nine new macrolides.
78  claustrum
(11 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
IR (2 times)
AG (1 time)
AIN (1 time)
1978 Some claustro-cortical connections in the cat and baboon as studied by retrograde horseradish peroxidase transport.
79  luminol-chemiluminescence
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SD (3 times)
BL (2 times)
EEG (2 times)
1992 Characterization of platelet-activating factor induced superoxide anion generation by guinea-pig alveolar macrophages.
80  catalyst layer
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
PEFCs (2 times)
PEM (2 times)
CB (1 time)
2010 Analyses of interfacial resistances in a membrane-electrode assembly for a proton exchange membrane fuel cell using symmetrical impedance spectroscopy.
81  cholesteryl linoleate
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CO (3 times)
LDL (3 times)
CE (2 times)
1984 Cholesterol ester and triglyceride metabolism in intact fibroblasts from patients with Wolman's disease and cholesterol ester storage disease.
82  classical
(10 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
ET (6 times)
CTX (2 times)
AEE (1 time)
2001 Immune response genes modulate serologic responses to Vibrio cholerae TcpA pilin peptides.
83  clinical librarian
(10 times)
Health Services
(8 times)
CRD (1 time)
CriSTAL (1 time)
EBM (1 time)
2003 Clinical librarianship: a systematic review of the literature.
84  collateral ligaments
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
DIP (4 times)
MRI (3 times)
IRU (2 times)
1984 Functional anatomy of the equine tarsocrural collateral ligaments.
85  conventionally ligated
(10 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
IL (3 times)
SL (3 times)
EL (2 times)
2008 The impact of prosthetic design on the stability, marginal bone loss, peri-implant sulcus fluid volume, and nitric oxide metabolism of conventionally loaded endosseous dental implants: a 12-month clinical study.
86  cell lines
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ATP (2 times)
PTCC (2 times)
RCC (2 times)
1991 Screening for expression of cytokines with hematopoietic growth factor activity by permanent human B-cell lines.
87  chord length
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AIS (2 times)
CT (2 times)
BM (1 time)
1990 Left ventricular volume determination in the horse by two-dimensional echocardiography: an in vitro study.
88  contralateral lung
(9 times)
Radiotherapy
(3 times)
PTV (4 times)
IL (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
1982 Effects of striatal and pallidal lesions and intrapallidal GABA and opiate drugs on tremorine-induced rigidity in the rat.
89  controllable lifestyle
(9 times)
Education
(4 times)
NCL (4 times)
EM (2 times)
PC (2 times)
1989 Career change: in quest of a controllable lifestyle.
90  cycloleucine
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AIB (2 times)
MAT (2 times)
SAMe (2 times)
1978 The effect of chondrocyte growth factor on membrane transport by articular chondrocytes in monolayer culture.
91  claudin
(8 times)
Science
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
BE (1 time)
BV (1 time)
2005 Inflammatory processes have differential effects on claudins 2, 3 and 4 in colonic epithelial cells.
92  clefts of the lip
(8 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
CLP (4 times)
CP (4 times)
UCLP (3 times)
1990 Asymmetry of the maxilla in children with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate.
93  coaptation length
(8 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
MR (5 times)
CA (3 times)
FMR (2 times)
2004 Evaluation of the mitral valve leaflet morphology after mitral valve reconstruction with a concept "coaptation length index".
94  commercial line
(8 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AFD (1 time)
AME (1 time)
AMEn (1 time)
1985 Methods of measuring energy utilization in broilers: effect of genetic line and presence of supplemental dietary fat.
95  control group
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
LED (2 times)
AB (1 time)
AC (1 time)
1986 [Effect of balneotherapeutic measures on blood rheologic parameters in patients with atherosclerosis].
96  critical level
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
DL (2 times)
FACE (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
1987 Hearing acuity and susceptibility to noise-induced hearing loss.
97  cross-linking
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AdA (1 time)
AGPs (1 time)
ara-C (1 time)
1986 Ligands of second generation platinum analogs decrease both platinum-induced DNA cross-linking and its ability to interact with 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl cytosine to potentiate cytotoxic efficacy.
98  crown length
(8 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
CW (2 times)
BLW (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2009 Influence of crown shape on root coverage therapy.
99  cruciate ligament
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
ACL (1 time)
BS2 (1 time)
CPPD (1 time)
1986 [A simple method of studying cruciate ligaments in arthrography].
100  calcium lactate
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
LA (2 times)
SBF (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1997 Effectiveness of calcium lactate added to food in reducing intraoral demineralization of enamel.