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Abbreviation: CLA
Appearance Frequency: 3072 time(s)
Long forms: 203

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
conjugated linoleic acid
(2117 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(736 times)
LA (146 times)
FA (128 times)
PUFA (85 times)
1990 Newly recognized anticarcinogenic fatty acids.
cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen
(151 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(59 times)
AD (19 times)
IL (14 times)
PSGL-1 (8 times)
1993 Control of lymphocyte recirculation in man. II. Differential regulation of the cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen, a tissue-selective homing receptor for skin-homing T cells.
clarithromycin
(103 times)
Drug Therapy
(17 times)
RIF (11 times)
AMO (10 times)
CIP (10 times)
1993 [Ciprofloxacin, clarithromycin, rifampin: in vitro bactericidal activity of double and triple drug combinations against strains of atypical mycobacteria].
cutaneous lymphocyte antigen
(96 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(38 times)
AD (10 times)
NK (5 times)
IL (4 times)
1991 The cutaneous lymphocyte antigen is a skin lymphocyte homing receptor for the vascular lectin endothelial cell-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1.
caseous lymphadenitis
(80 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(42 times)
PLD (8 times)
Cp (5 times)
Hp (5 times)
1984 Ovine caseous lymphadenitis: disease prevalence, lesion distribution, and thoracic manifestations in a population of mature culled sheep from western United States.
carnation leaf agar
(53 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
PDA (35 times)
ITS (10 times)
EF-1alpha (7 times)
1997 Formation of alpha- and beta-conidia by Phaeocytostroma ambiguum.
conventional laparoscopic appendectomy
(44 times)
General Surgery
(26 times)
SILA (18 times)
RCTs (5 times)
SILS (4 times)
2002 [Laparoscopic approach versus laparotomy for suspected acute appendicitis].
common leukocyte antigen
(27 times)
Pathology
(8 times)
ACTH (2 times)
alpha 1-AT (2 times)
CEA (2 times)
1976 [Immunologic determination of the massive excretion of "cationic leukocyte antigen" (CLA) in the urine of patients with chronic myeloses in terminal blastic crisis].
calyculin A
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
OA (5 times)
PP1 (4 times)
cAMP (3 times)
1993 Role of protein phosphorylation in TNF-induced apoptosis: phosphatase inhibitors synergize with TNF to activate DNA fragmentation in normal as well as TNF-resistant U937 variants.
10  cyclolinopeptide A
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
CsA (2 times)
ARFC (1 time)
C8-Ac6c (1 time)
1991 Immunosuppressive activity of cyclolinopeptide A.
11  Cypridina luciferin analog
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CL (3 times)
fMLP (2 times)
OZ (2 times)
1990 The ability of granulocytes to generate superoxide anions and hypochlorite during phagocytosis: comparison of neonatal granulocytes with adult granulocytes.
12  cluster analysis
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
PCA (8 times)
FTIR (2 times)
LCA (2 times)
2000 Clustering methods applied to allele sharing data.
13  chaperone-like activity
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
ARC (2 times)
ADH (1 time)
BSP-A1 (1 time)
2002 alpha-Crystallin chaperone-like activity and membrane binding in age-related cataracts.
14  chloranilic acid
(12 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
CT (7 times)
DDQ (7 times)
PA (3 times)
2000 AAS and spectrophotometric determination of propranolol HCl and metoprolol tartrate.
15  cutaneous lymphocyte Ag
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
CD14-S (1 time)
CXCL (1 time)
DC (1 time)
2001 C-C chemokine receptor 4 expression defines a major subset of circulating nonintestinal memory T cells of both Th1 and Th2 potential.
16  cutaneous lichen amyloidosis
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
MEN 2A (6 times)
MTC (4 times)
FM (1 time)
1994 Identification of the Cys634-->Tyr mutation of the RET proto-oncogene in a pedigree with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A and localized cutaneous lichen amyloidosis.
17  clavulanic acid
(7 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CAZ (2 times)
CTX (2 times)
ESBL (2 times)
1987 Serum levels and pharmacokinetics of ticarcillin and clavulanic acid in dog following parenteral administration of Timentin.
18  cleft lip and alveolus
(7 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
CLP (4 times)
CL (3 times)
BCLP (2 times)
1995 Longitudinal study on the changes of maxillary arch dimensions in Japanese children with cleft lip and/or palate: infancy to 4 years of age.
19  cutaneous leukocytoclastic angiitis
(7 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
HSP (5 times)
HV (2 times)
aCL (1 time)
1998 Cutaneous vasculitis in a defined population--clinical and epidemiological associations.
20  central locus activation
(6 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
RF (6 times)
EMG (3 times)
MTC (1 time)
2014 Regional neuromuscular regulation within human rectus femoris muscle during gait.
21  chemiluminescent assay
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
SPT (2 times)
BPT (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
1985 Simultaneous determination of total IgE and allergen-specific IgE in serum by the MAST chemiluminescent assay system.
22  carnation leaf-piece agar
(5 times)
ITS (4 times)
PDA (4 times)
SNA (2 times)
2000 Fusarium nygamai Associated with Fusarium Foot Rot of Rice in Sardinia.
23  CLA group
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
LA (2 times)
c9t11 (1 time)
CLNA (1 time)
2000 An isomeric mixture of conjugated linoleic acids but not pure cis-9, trans-11-octadecadienoic acid affects body weight gain and plasma lipids in hamsters.
24  clausenamide
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
ER (1 time)
2003 Identification of rat cytochrome P450 forms involved in the metabolism of clausenamide enantiomers.
25  claustrum
(5 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AAV (1 time)
BLA (1 time)
CN (1 time)
1979 An autoradiographic study of the subcortical projections of the rabbit striate cortex in the adult and during postnatal development.
26  conjugated linoleic
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CLNA (1 time)
EL (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2005 Effect of forage conservation method, concentrate level and propylene glycol on the fatty acid composition and vitamin content of cows' milk.
27  calving to first luteal activity
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
OOE (1 time)
2000 Genetic correlation between days until start of luteal activity and milk yield, energy balance, and live weights.
28  Campy-Line agar
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CCA (2 times)
mCCDA (2 times)
bfBB (1 time)
2003 Prevalence of Campylobacter within a swine slaughter and processing facility.
29  Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
BCP (1 time)
CTV (1 time)
CYMV (1 time)
2015 Crystal structure of a periplasmic solute binding protein in metal-free, intermediate and metal-bound states from Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus.
30  cervical lordotic angle
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
ACDF-SAC (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
CEL (1 time)
2016 Comparison of the clinical and radiologic outcomes obtained with single- versus two-level anterior cervical decompression and fusion using stand-alone PEEK cages filled with allograft.
31  chlorogenic acid
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
PEL (2 times)
AND (1 time)
AODG (1 time)
2005 Transepithelial transport of rosmarinic acid in intestinal Caco-2 cell monolayers.
32  computerized laryngeal analyzer
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Validation and characterization of the computerized laryngeal analyzer (CLA) technique.
33  congenital lactic acidosis
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
PDH (2 times)
DCA (1 time)
MELAS (1 time)
1999 Dichloroacetate and cerebral ischaemia therapeutics.
34  corn leaf aphid
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
3-DAs (1 time)
3-DFs (1 time)
BX (1 time)
2015 Ethylene Contributes to maize insect resistance1-Mediated Maize Defense against the Phloem Sap-Sucking Corn Leaf Aphid.
35  Cypridina luciferin analog, 2-methyl-6-phenyl-3,7-dihydroimidazo(1,2-alpha)pyrazin-3-one
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
--- 1986 Chemiluminescence probe with Cypridina luciferin analog, 2-methyl-6-phenyl-3,7-dihydroimidazo[1,2-a]pyrazin-3-one, for estimating the ability of human granulocytes to generate O2-.
36  calcium leakage activity
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AChR (3 times)
ACh (1 time)
1996 Single channel evidence for a cytoskeletal defect involving acetylcholine receptors and calcium influx in cultured dystrophic (mdx) myotubes.
37  carlactonoic acid
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
CL (3 times)
SLs (3 times)
4DO (1 time)
2014 Carlactone is converted to carlactonoic acid by MAX1 in Arabidopsis and its methyl ester can directly interact with AtD14 in vitro.
38  cellular learning automata
(3 times)
Cybernetics
(2 times)
CA (2 times)
LA (2 times)
ACO (1 time)
2010 Cellular learning automata with multiple learning automata in each cell and its applications.
39  CLA mix
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CPT1 (1 time)
IGF-I (1 time)
MTP (1 time)
1999 Effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers on lipid levels and peroxisome proliferation in the hamster.
40  cross-linked amylose
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ECDR (1 time)
1992 Fast separation of macrophages by retention on cross-linked amylose and release by enzymatic amylolysis of the chromatographic material.
41  curved linear-array
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
BRTO (1 time)
CECT (1 time)
EUS (1 time)
2004 Use of the curved linear-array echo endoscope to identify gastrorenal shunts in patients with gastric fundal varices.
42  Caldwell-Luc approach
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
EPMM (1 time)
IP (1 time)
1999 Endoscopic management of sinonasal inverted papilloma.
43  cell adenocarcinoma
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HIF-1alpha (2 times)
SEA (2 times)
ENA (1 time)
2008 Expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) and glucose transporter-1 (GLUT-1) in ovarian adenocarcinomas: difference in hypoxic status depending on histological character.
44  central line-associated
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
BSI (2 times)
OR (2 times)
CHG (1 time)
2009 Ethanol lock technique: review of the literature.
45  chlorambucil
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
CPO (1 time)
CsA (1 time)
DEN (1 time)
1996 Analysis of mitotic recombination induced by several mono- and bifunctional alkylating agents in the Drosophila wing-spot test.
46  chymotrypsin-like activity
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
alpha 1-PI (1 time)
alpha 2-MG (1 time)
1989 Proteolytic enzymes from recombinant Streptomyces lividans TK24.
47  circadian light
(2 times)
Circadian Rhythm
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
2010 Circadian light.
48  CLA on body composition
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1999 Changes in body composition in mice during feeding and withdrawal of conjugated linoleic acid.
49  CLA treatment
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FA (1 time)
2002 Effects of dietary supplementation of rumen-protected conjugated linoleic acid in dairy cows during established lactation.
50  classroom-level adversity
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2017 Classroom-level adversity: Associations with children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors across elementary school.
51  clavulanate
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
AMX (1 time)
AVI (1 time)
CTX (1 time)
2016 Cefotaxime and Amoxicillin-Clavulanate Synergism against Extended-Spectrum-beta-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli in a Murine Model of Urinary Tract Infection.
52  clofibric acid
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
GFZ (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
1998 Positive feedback between ethanolamine-specific phospholipid base exchange and cytochrome P450 activities in rat liver microsomes. The effect of clofibric acid.
53  Collegiate Learning Assessment
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
--- 2007 The Collegiate Learning Assessment: facts and fantasies.
54  Complement-dependent lymphocytotoxic antibodies
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SLE (1 time)
1982 Complement-dependent lymphocytotoxic antibodies (CLA) in systemic lupus erythematosus preferentially inhibit the generation of alloreactive cytotoxic T cells in secondary CML.
55  conjugated dienoic linoleate
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
TPA (1 time)
1995 Conjugated dienoic linoleate: a polyunsaturated fatty acid with unique chemoprotective properties.
56  conjugated LA
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BH (1 time)
DF (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2017 Papaya (Carica papaya) leaf methanolic extract modulates in vitro rumen methanogenesis and rumen biohydrogenation.
57  Contig-Layout-Authenticator
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Contig-Layout-Authenticator (CLA): A Combinatorial Approach to Ordering and Scaffolding of Bacterial Contigs for Comparative Genomics and Molecular Epidemiology.
58  conventional linear array
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
LDE (1 time)
PW (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2014 Quantitative sparse array vascular elastography: the impact of tissue attenuation and modulus contrast on performance.
59  conventional lung adenocarcinoma
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
BAC (2 times)
CEA (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
1996 Bronchioloalveolar lung carcinomas: K-ras mutations are constant events in the mucinous subtype.
60  coumaroyl lupendioic acid
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
MPLC (1 time)
2017 Inhibition of proinflammatory mediators by coumaroyl lupendioic acid, a new lupane-type triterpene from Careya arborea, on inflammation-induced animal model.
61  Council of Labor Affairs
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
OHSMS (1 time)
VPP (1 time)
2005 An integrated approach for improving occupational health and safety management: the voluntary protection program in Taiwan.
62  Cross-linked amylose starch
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
HPMC (1 time)
2002 Influence of physical parameters and lubricants on the compaction properties of granulated and non-granulated cross-linked high amylose starch.
63  curvilinear array
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CHD (1 time)
EUS (1 time)
FNA (1 time)
2012 Newly-developed, forward-viewing echoendoscope: a comparative pilot study to the standard echoendoscope in the imaging of abdominal organs and feasibility of endoscopic ultrasound-guided interventions.
64  cytolytic activity
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EBV (1 time)
EBV-CLA (1 time)
PBSC (1 time)
1997 Photodynamic effect on the specific antitumor immune activity.
65  Czech Landrace
(2 times)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
DC (2 times)
PN (2 times)
CLW (1 time)
2004 Differences among breeds and manifestation of heterosis in AI boar sperm output.
66  RIF-clarithromycin
(2 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
LEV (1 time)
2010 Pharmacokinetics of rifampin and clarithromycin in patients treated for Mycobacterium ulcerans infection.
67  (AMX)-clavulanate
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
AMX (1 time)
CTX (1 time)
ESBL (1 time)
2016 Cefotaxime and Amoxicillin-Clavulanate Synergism against Extended-Spectrum-beta-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli in a Murine Model of Urinary Tract Infection.
68  Amylose-conjugated linoleic acid
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
XRD (1 time)
2005 Utilization of amylose-lipid complexes as molecular nanocapsules for conjugated linoleic Acid.
69  beta-chloro-L-alanine
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
UDP-MurNAc-pentapeptide (1 time)
1982 Inhibition of uridine 5'-diphosphate-N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanine synthetase by beta-chloro-L-alanine in Escherichia coli.
70  c reduction and determined the 2-methyl-6-phenyl-3,7-dihydroimidazo(1,3-a)-pyrazin-3-one
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
XOD (1 time)
1994 Inhibition of free radical generation by biotin.
71  c-arm linear accelerator
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
HT (1 time)
PTV (1 time)
sIMRT (1 time)
2016 Conversion of the helical tomotherapy plans to the step-and-shoot IMRT plans for patients with hip prosthesis during radiotherapy for prostate cancer.
72  Cajanolactone A
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
hBMSCs (1 time)
OPG (1 time)
RANKL (1 time)
2019 Cajanolactone A from Cajanus cajan Promoted Osteoblast Differentiation in Human Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells via Stimulating Wnt/LRP5/beta-Catenin Signaling.
73  calcitonin-like activity
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1971 Plasma calcitonin in renal osteodystrophy.
74  calcium lactate anhydrate
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CLP (1 time)
DSC (1 time)
PXRD (1 time)
2005 Characterization of dehydration and hydration behavior of calcium lactate pentahydrate and its anhydrate.
75  cap lenticular adhesion
(1 time)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
MRSE (1 time)
SMILE (1 time)
2017 Cap Lenticular Adhesion During Small Incision Lenticular Extraction Surgery: Causative Factors and Outcomes.
76  capillary luminal area
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
GTA (1 time)
MA (1 time)
PAS (1 time)
1995 Glomerular morphometry in childhood reflux nephropathy, emphasizing the capillary changes.
77  capitolunate angle
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CI (1 time)
SLA (1 time)
2017 The effect of ulnar variance on scapholunate and capitolunate angles.
78  carbamylaspartate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Products in the T-state of aspartate transcarbamylase: crystal structure of the phosphate and N-carbamyl-L-aspartate ligated enzyme.
79  caries lesion arrestment
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRT (1 time)
SR (1 time)
2018 Scientific evidence for the management of dentin caries lesions in pediatric dentistry: A systematic review and network meta-analysis.
80  carry a specific ligand
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
Th 1 (1 time)
1993 [Contact allergy].
81  carry look-ahead adder
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
1990 Fast hybrid parallel carry look-ahead adder.
82  catalog-library approach
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CID (1 time)
MALDI-FTMS (1 time)
2001 Targeted use of exoglycosidase digestion for the structural elucidation of neutral O-linked oligosaccharides.
83  catastrophic airway loss
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
SCI (1 time)
2008 Definitive establishment of airway control is critical for optimal outcome in lower cervical spinal cord injury.
84  cath-lab activation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DES (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
GPI (1 time)
2010 Optimizing primary PCI beyond "door to intervention time"--are we there yet?
85  catheterization laboratory activation
(1 time)
Education, Medical, Graduate
(1 time)
ECG (1 time)
EM (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
2015 Diagnostic Reasoning for ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) Interpretation Is Preserved Despite Fatigue.
86  Causal layered analysis
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Dealing with wicked problems: conducting a causal layered analysis of complex social psychological issues.
87  cell subpopulations' frequency and ability to express the skin-homing molecule
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Reduction of skin-homing cytotoxic T cells (CD8+ -CLA+) in patients with vitiligo.
88  cell subpopulations, activation state and skin homing receptor expression
(1 time)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2006 T cell assessment in allergic drug reactions during the acute phase according to the time of occurrence.
89  cells acquire expression of the skin-homing marker cutaneous associated antigen
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Understanding the Human T Cell Response to Dengue Virus.
90  central loading axis
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
IAR (1 time)
2012 An in vitro biomechanical comparison of Cadisc™-L with natural lumbar discs in axial compression and sagittal flexion.
91  central lower attenuating
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
LTP (1 time)
MPR (1 time)
2010 Central lower attenuating lesion in the ablation zone on immediate follow-up CT after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation for hepatocellular carcinoma: incidence and clinical significance.
92  centrilobular emphysema
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
BE (1 time)
CMN (1 time)
CXRS (1 time)
2005 High resolution computed tomographic features of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis.
93  certified laboratory assistant
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
BOR (1 time)
CLS (1 time)
MLT (1 time)
1999 Tracing our roots: a new era in clinical laboratory science education.
94  Cervical lymphadenopathy
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
NSRH (1 time)
2012 Etiology and clinical pattern of cervical lymphadenopathy in Sudanese children.
95  CFAE-guided linear ablation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
AT (1 time)
CFAE (1 time)
2019 Comparison between linear and focal ablation of complex fractionated atrial electrograms in patients with non-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: a prospective randomized trial.
96  chain-like adherence
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
EAEC (1 time)
2000 Prevalence of HEp-2 cell-adherent Escherichia coli and characterisation of enteroaggregative E. coli and chain-like adherent E. coli isolated from children with and without diarrhoea, in Londrina, Brazil.
97  change in energy expenditure during sleep
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2007 Conjugated linoleic acid supplementation alters the 6-mo change in fat oxidation during sleep.
98  changing-loudness aftereffects
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Changing-loudness aftereffects: slope of response functions and spectral dependence.
99  Chemiluminescence analyzer
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
UV (1 time)
2007 Study of compounds suppressing free radical generation from UV-exposed ketoprofen.
100  chemiluminescence method employing a derivative of luciferin
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1993 The effect of superoxide production on the replantation of rat limbs after cold ischemia.