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Abbreviation: CLD
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Long forms: 168

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
chronic liver disease
(1765 times)
Gastroenterology
(376 times)
HCC (155 times)
HCV (129 times)
CI (97 times)
1979 Detection and characterization of antibody to liver cell membrane in sera from patients with chronic active liver diseases.
chronic lung disease of prematurity
(42 times)
Pediatrics
(27 times)
RDS (10 times)
BAL (6 times)
BALF (3 times)
1994 The relationship of pulmonary interstitial emphysema to subsequent type of chronic lung disease.
chlordecone
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(24 times)
FWI (3 times)
AC (2 times)
FM (2 times)
1985 Effects of neonatal chlordecone exposure on pituitary-adrenal function in adult Fischer-344 rats.
chloride diarrhea
(31 times)
Genetics, Medical
(8 times)
DRA (7 times)
SLC26A3 (6 times)
CFTR (5 times)
1993 The gene for congenital chloride diarrhea maps close to but is distinct from the gene for cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator.
central lung distance
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
CFD (4 times)
CT (4 times)
ICM (4 times)
1991 Accuracy in tangential breast treatment set-up: a portal imaging study.
chord length distribution
(26 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
FBRM (7 times)
PSD (4 times)
SAXS (3 times)
2008 Study growth kinetics in fluidized bed granulation with at-line FBRM.
cholestatic liver disease
(22 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
PSC (4 times)
PBC (3 times)
BDL (2 times)
1983 Treatment for cholestatic liver disease (CLD): plasma sorption and filtration for improved bilirubin removal.
chronic lymphoproliferative disorders
(14 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
AML (3 times)
CLL (3 times)
ALL (2 times)
1996 Interleukin-15 promotes the growth of leukemic cells of patients with B-cell chronic lymphoproliferative disorders.
cytoplasmic lipid droplet
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
ADPH (3 times)
HF (3 times)
Plin2 (3 times)
2007 Cytoplasmic lipid droplet accumulation in developing mammary epithelial cells: roles of adipophilin and lipid metabolism.
10  culturally and linguistically diverse
(13 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(5 times)
AAC (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
DA (1 time)
1997 Learning disabilities occurring concomitantly with linguistic differences.
11  clear liquid diet
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
LRD (4 times)
NPO (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2007 A prospective, randomized trial of clear liquids versus low-fat solid diet as the initial meal in mild acute pancreatitis.
12  cross-link density
(12 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
DC (4 times)
LCUs (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2006 An investigation into the structure and reactivity of calcium-zinc-silicate ionomer glasses using MAS-NMR spectroscopy.
13  Congenital lactase deficiency
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
LCT (4 times)
LPH (4 times)
AE (1 time)
1982 Morphometric study of the jejunal mucosa in various childhood enteropathies with special reference to intraepithelial lymphocytes.
14  cell line development
(10 times)
Biotechnology
(10 times)
CHO (7 times)
RI (2 times)
TI (2 times)
2013 Fast identification of reliable hosts for targeted cell line development from a limited-genome screening using combined phiC31 integrase and CRE-Lox technologies.
15  clodronate
(9 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
BMD (3 times)
IM (2 times)
Lipo (2 times)
2003 [The use of parenteral clodronate in elderly women with postmenopausal osteoporosis: compliance, effects on bone mineral density and on bone turnover].
16  causal loop diagram
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
LSC (1 time)
MOV (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2014 Coupling socioeconomic and lake systems for sustainability: a conceptual analysis using Lake St. Clair region as a case study.
17  calmodulin-like domain
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
JD (3 times)
CaM (2 times)
CDPKs (2 times)
1996 Intramolecular binding contributes to the activation of CDPK, a protein kinase with a calmodulin-like domain.
18  chemiluminescence detection
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
NO (2 times)
CALOS (1 time)
CFD (1 time)
1984 Comparison of chemiluminescent and AOAC methods for determining nitrite in commercial cured meat products.
19  chronic low dose
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MPTP (4 times)
PD (2 times)
rhFSH (2 times)
1994 Effects of dihydrexidine, a full dopamine D-1 receptor agonist, on delayed response performance in chronic low dose MPTP-treated monkeys.
20  chemical liquid deposition
(6 times)
Technology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
CFP (1 time)
Ga-Nps (1 time)
2010 Synthesis and characterization of gallium colloidal nanoparticles.
21  chlorthalidone
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
AZL-M (5 times)
SBP (4 times)
BP (3 times)
2012 Blood pressure-lowering efficacy of the fixed-dose combination of azilsartan medoxomil and chlorthalidone: a factorial study.
22  contact lens discomfort
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
BVA (1 time)
CLADE (1 time)
DHA (1 time)
2015 A Comparative Study Between an Oil-in-Water Emulsion and Nonlipid Eye Drops Used for Rewetting Contact Lenses.
23  chronic lung disease of infancy
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
BPD (2 times)
BHR (1 time)
CON (1 time)
1999 Neonatal chronic lung disease in extremely immature baboons.
24  congenital limb deficiency
(5 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
UULD (2 times)
CUULD (1 time)
HRQoL (1 time)
2003 Congenital limb deficiencies in newborn infants: prevalence, characteristics and prenatal diagnosis.
25  cathelin-like domain
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
PG3 (2 times)
hCLD (1 time)
2008 Activation of cathepsin L by the cathelin-like domain of protegrin-3.
26  celiac disease
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AAI 0.19 (1 time)
Ab (1 time)
GFD (1 time)
2011 Similarity of fine specificity of IgA anti-gliadin antibodies between patients with celiac disease and humanized alpha1KI mice.
27  chloride-losing diarrhoea
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CFTR (2 times)
SLC26 (2 times)
STAS (2 times)
2003 Acute regulation of the SLC26A3 congenital chloride diarrhoea anion exchanger (DRA) expressed in Xenopus oocytes.
28  cyclophilin-like domain
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Cyps (2 times)
PPIase (2 times)
UPS (2 times)
2007 The cyclophilin-like domain of Ran-binding protein-2 modulates selectively the activity of the ubiquitin-proteasome system and protein biogenesis.
29  cytoplasmic localization domain
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
NLS (4 times)
PIS (2 times)
cyc (1 time)
2000 Dimerization and nuclear entry of mPER proteins in mammalian cells.
30  cytosolic lipid droplets
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MGAT2 (2 times)
ACAT (1 time)
ADRP (1 time)
2007 Proteomic and lipid characterization of apolipoprotein B-free luminal lipid droplets from mouse liver microsomes: implications for very low density lipoprotein assembly.
31  C-type lectin domain
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
Ca2 (1 time)
CCP (1 time)
Gal (1 time)
2007 Rational proteomics of PKD1. I. Modeling the three dimensional structure and ligand specificity of the C_lectin binding domain of Polycystin-1.
32  chronic liver disease patients
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
1993 Value of ascitic fluid ferritin in the differential diagnosis of malignant ascites.
33  chronic lung disease of the newborn
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
AII (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
PNA (1 time)
2001 Early chest radiographs in very low birth weight babies receiving corticosteroids for lung disease.
34  clonidine
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ATR (1 time)
BT (1 time)
CLD4 (1 time)
1983 [Pharmacological studies of guanabenz. Effects on the peripheral nervous and other organ systems].
35  Constrained layer dampers
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
cs (1 time)
MSHA (1 time)
NIOSH (1 time)
1998 A wearable tremor-suppression orthosis.
36  continuous lumbar drainage
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CSF (1 time)
ETV (1 time)
1993 Diverse applications of continuous lumbar drainage of cerebrospinal fluid in neurosurgical patients.
37  cross-linked dextran
(3 times)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
beta-CDP (1 time)
EM (1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
1988 Alteration of renal blood flow during sequential embolization of the canine kidney.
38  alpha-catenin-like domain
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Ca2+ regulation in the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger involves two markedly different Ca2+ sensors.
39  C39-like domains
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
HlyA (1 time)
T1SS (1 time)
2012 An RTX transporter tethers its unfolded substrate during secretion via a unique N-terminal domain.
40  carotid lumen diameter
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CIMT (1 time)
IMT (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2001 Relation of hemodynamics and risk factors to ventricular-vascular interactions in the elderly: the Cardiovascular Health Study.
41  cell lumen diameter
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
CWT (2 times)
DOY (2 times)
GDs (2 times)
2017 Cambial response of Norway spruce to modified carbon availability by phloem girdling.
42  central lung depth
(2 times)
Breast Neoplasms
(1 time)
MLD (2 times)
2-FRT (1 time)
4-FRT (1 time)
2009 Three-dimensional volumetric analysis of irradiated lung with adjuvant breast irradiation.
43  centrifugal lipodystrophy
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
--- 2009 Centrifugal lipodystrophy of the scalp presenting with an arch-form alopecia: a 10-year follow-up observation.
44  Chailing decoction
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
CM (1 time)
Col III (1 time)
CsA (1 time)
2003 [Effect of chailing decoction and its active ingredients on experimental nephritis in rats].
45  Chinese lexical database
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2018 Chinese lexical database (CLD) : A large-scale lexical database for simplified Mandarin Chinese.
46  chlordane
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
PB (1 time)
1998 Absence of DNA adduct formation by phenobarbital, polychlorinated biphenyls, and chlordane in mouse liver using the 32P-postlabeling assay.
47  chloride diarrhea gene
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
DRA (1 time)
1995 Fine mapping of the congenital chloride diarrhea gene by linkage disequilibrium.
48  chronic liver dysfunction
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CLDs (1 time)
CP score (1 time)
OLT (1 time)
1994 Thyroid function and serum IGF-1 in children before and after liver transplantation.
49  chronic lung disorders
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ALD (1 time)
GMS (1 time)
IFA (1 time)
1998 Detection of Pneumocystis carinii among children with chronic respiratory disorders in the absence of HIV infection and immunodeficiency.
50  chronic nonalcoholic liver diseases
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
CALD (1 time)
GH (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
1985 Cohort study of internal malignancy in genetic hemochromatosis and other chronic nonalcoholic liver diseases.
51  CLD group
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
ECMO (1 time)
RDS (1 time)
2002 Adrenocortical function and chronic lung disease of pre-maturity: an unresolved problem?
52  Client-level data
(2 times)
Virulence
(1 time)
ART (2 times)
eUCI (1 time)
2012 Tracking linkage to HIV care for former prisoners: a public health priority.
53  clodronate-filled liposomes
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AOM (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
2010 Role of brain macrophages on IL-1beta and fatigue following eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage.
54  colorless laser diode
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
SNR (2 times)
BER (1 time)
EVM (1 time)
2015 Power fading mitigation of 40-Gbit/s 256-QAM OFDM carried by colorless laser diode under injection-locking.
55  Complete Linkage Disequilibrium
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
2010 Detecting coevolution through allelic association between physically unlinked loci.
56  congenital limb defects
(2 times)
Congenital Abnormalities
(1 time)
EUROCAT-NNL (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2013 Birth prevalence for congenital limb defects in the northern Netherlands: a 30-year population-based study.
57  coniferyl aldehyde
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
FRC (2 times)
SLD (2 times)
SNC (2 times)
2009 Application of laccase-natural mediator systems to sisal pulp: an effective approach to biobleaching or functionalizing pulp fibres?
58  consecutive low-dose
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CRs (1 time)
1997 Pharmacokinetics of consecutive low-dose cisplatin.
59  contact lens dynamometry
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
RR (2 times)
OA (1 time)
VPP (1 time)
2010 Contact lens dynamometry: the influence of age.
60  CRISPR library designer
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
sgRNA (1 time)
TRAIL (1 time)
2016 CRISPR library designer (CLD): software for multispecies design of single guide RNA libraries.
61  cryptogenic liver disease
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
AIH (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
IAH (1 time)
2006 Severe liver disease associated with prolonged exposure to antiretroviral drugs.
62  Cystic liver disease
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
2007 Surgical treatments in cystic diseases of the liver: experience at a single center in Japan.
63  acute-on-chronic liver disease
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HE (1 time)
2015 Challenges in diagnosing hepatic encephalopathy.
64  C virus-related liver disease
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CEUS (1 time)
FIB4 (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2019 Flash Imaging Used in the Post-vascular Phase of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasonography is Useful for Assessing the Progression in Patients with Hepatitis C Virus-Related Liver Disease.
65  called M
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
LOQ (1 time)
2012 Fitting a lognormal distribution to enumeration and absence/presence data.
66  cancer linker degree
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
DDI (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2015 Prediction of cancer proteins by integrating protein interaction, domain frequency, and domain interaction data using machine learning algorithms.
67  capillary length density
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2010 Morphometric changes in the cortical microvascular network in Alzheimer's disease.
68  capillary lumina distention
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Mitogenic effect and acceleration of stabilization process in the renal glomeruli of hypertrophied kidney after exposure to magnetic field].
69  carboplatin with or without liposomal doxorubicin
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
BEV (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2012 Extraperitoneal metastases from recurrent ovarian cancer.
70  carboxymethyldextran lactone
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CMD (1 time)
1994 Carboxymethyldextran lactone: a preactivated polymer for amine conjugations.
71  cardioplegic leucocyte depletion
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CABG (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
SLD (1 time)
2003 Leucocyte depletion in cardiopulmonary bypass: a comparison of four strategies.
72  carotid artery luminal diameter
(1 time)
Exercise
(1 time)
CIMT (1 time)
ELN (1 time)
2018 The effects of the elastin polymorphisms on carotid intima-media thickness in women aged 30 - 70.
73  cationic lipid material
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
siRNA (1 time)
2017 Reductive nanocomplex encapsulation of cRGD-siRNA conjugates for enhanced targeting to cancer cells.
74  cauliflower leaf-supplemented diet
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AHH (1 time)
PBB (1 time)
RLW (1 time)
1978 Effect of diet on the hepatotoxicity of polybrominated biphenyls (FireMaster PB-6).
75  Causal Loop Diagramming
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2018 Understanding Health Promotion Policy Processes: A Study of the Government Adoption of the Achievement Program in Victoria, Australia.
76  caveolae-like domains
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
ABCA1 (2 times)
PrP (1 time)
ScN2a (1 time)
2008 Cholesterol transporter ATP-binding cassette A1 (ABCA1) is elevated in prion disease and affects PrPC and PrPSc concentrations in cultured cells.
77  CD4-linker-DC-SIGN
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 2012 Bifunctional CD4-DC-SIGN fusion proteins demonstrate enhanced avidity to gp120 and inhibit HIV-1 infection and dissemination.
78  cecum ligation and dissection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CLP (1 time)
IL (1 time)
MCP (1 time)
2013 Cecum ligation and dissection: a novel modified mouse sepsis model.
79  Cele desert-grassland ecosystem observation and research station
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FKD (1 time)
LZD (1 time)
2015 Crop evapotranspiration-based irrigation management during the growing season in the arid region of northwestern China.
80  center of the field
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1990 Can simulation measurements be used to predict the irradiated lung volume in the tangential fields in patients treated for breast cancer?
81  centerlines distance
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PWR (1 time)
2017 Multi-atlas-based segmentation of prostatic urethra from planning CT imaging to quantify dose distribution in prostate cancer radiotherapy.
82  central laboratory device
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CGMS (1 time)
meanSD (1 time)
2013 Real-time continuous glucose monitoring shows high accuracy within 6 hours after sensor calibration: a prospective study.
83  Central LD
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
LD (1 time)
LI (1 time)
LNM (1 time)
2012 LYVE-1 upregulation and lymphatic invasion correlate with adverse prognostic factors and lymph node metastasis in neuroblastoma.
84  central line-day
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CTDPH (1 time)
NHSN (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2014 Validation of the surveillance and reporting of central line-associated bloodstream infection denominator data.
85  central low density
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ATT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
FNAC (1 time)
2007 Role of ultrasonography and computed tomography in complicated cases of tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis.
86  Central Lung Dose
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HRCT (1 time)
MLD (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2013 Radiation induced pneumonitis following whole breast radiotherapy treatment in early breast cancer patients treated with breast conserving surgery: a single institution study.
87  central lymphodissection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2009 [Central lymphodissection in carcinoma of the thyroid gland].
88  cereal-legume diet
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
2002 Pancreatic and intestinal enzyme activities in rats in response to balanced and unbalanced plant diets.
89  Certainly Lethal Dose
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
STD (1 time)
1984 The amounts of fluoride in current fluoride therapies: safety considerations for children.
90  cervical lesion depth
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
CAF (1 time)
CLH (1 time)
2010 The influence of local anatomy on the outcome of treatment of gingival recession associated with non-carious cervical lesions.
91  chain-length determinant
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
1993 Repeat unit polysaccharides of bacteria: a model for polymerization resembling that of ribosomes and fatty acid synthetase, with a novel mechanism for determining chain length.
92  channelized linear discriminant
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
LOO (1 time)
2017 A comparison of resampling schemes for estimating model observer performance with small ensembles.
93  chest lead diagram
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1946 The chest lead diagram (CLD).
94  childhood and adulthood with and without
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
FeNO (1 time)
2019 Fractional exhaled nitric oxide in preterm-born subjects: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
95  Chinese LongDong Yellow Cattle steers
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
HS (1 time)
KF (1 time)
LD (1 time)
2015 Fatty acid composition differences between adipose depot sites in dairy and beef steer breeds.
96  chlordecol and its conjugates
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FWI (1 time)
LOQ (1 time)
QuEChERS (1 time)
2018 Validation of analytical methods for chlordecone and its metabolites in the urine and feces of ewes.
97  chlorine demand
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
COD (1 time)
2018 Impacts and interactions of organic compounds with chlorine sanitizer in recirculated and reused produce processing water.
98  choledocholithiasis
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ERCP (1 time)
IOC (1 time)
MRC (1 time)
2012 Single-stage treatment with intraoperative ERCP: management of patients with possible choledocholithiasis and gallbladder in situ in a non-tertiary Spanish hospital.
99  Cholestatic liver dysfunction
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
AST (1 time)
BAs (1 time)
2014 Withholding parenteral nutrition during critical illness increases plasma bilirubin but lowers the incidence of biliary sludge.
100  cholesteric liquid-crystalline dispersion
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DBBIs (1 time)
2007 [DNA sequence-specific ligands: XIII. New Dimeric Hoechst 33258 molecules, inhibitors of HIV-1 integrase in vitro].