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Abbreviation: CLS
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Long forms: 241

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
classical least squares
(81 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(34 times)
PLS (35 times)
PCR (31 times)
ILS (10 times)
1990 Determination of the secondary structure content of proteins in aqueous solutions from their amide I and amide II infrared bands. Comparison between classical and partial least-squares methods.
chronological lifespan
(80 times)
Cell Biology
(20 times)
CR (13 times)
ROS (7 times)
RLS (6 times)
2006 Extension of chronological life span in yeast by decreased TOR pathway signaling.
Coffin-Lowry syndrome
(77 times)
Genetics, Medical
(38 times)
RSK2 (9 times)
RS (4 times)
SIDEs (4 times)
1988 A family with the Coffin Lowry syndrome revisited: localization of CLS to Xp21-pter.
clinical laboratory science
(64 times)
Technology
(49 times)
CLT (6 times)
ASCLS (4 times)
CLSs (3 times)
1994 Assessing the educational preparation of clinical laboratory scientists.
crown-like structures
(49 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
WAT (7 times)
BMI (6 times)
SAT (6 times)
2008 Dead adipocytes, detected as crown-like structures, are prevalent in visceral fat depots of genetically obese mice.
capillary leak syndrome
(48 times)
Hematology
(9 times)
BMT (7 times)
C1-INH (3 times)
CPB (3 times)
1994 Capillary leak syndrome associated with elevated IL-2 serum levels after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation.
conventional laparoscopic surgery
(44 times)
General Surgery
(25 times)
SILS (16 times)
CI (5 times)
RALS (5 times)
2010 Efficacy of the Da Vinci surgical system in abdominal surgery compared with that of laparoscopy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
contact lens sensor
(32 times)
Ophthalmology
(23 times)
IOP (28 times)
AS-OCT (2 times)
GAT (2 times)
2009 Wireless contact lens sensor for intraocular pressure monitoring: assessment on enucleated pig eyes.
closed loop stimulation
(29 times)
Cardiology
(25 times)
VVS (8 times)
HUTT (4 times)
HR (3 times)
1998 Interindividual comparison of different sensor principles for rate adaptive pacing.
10  capillary-like structures
(23 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
ECM (4 times)
ECs (4 times)
HUVECs (3 times)
2000 Mechanical signalling and angiogenesis. The integration of cell-extracellular matrix couplings.
11  cardiolipin synthase
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CL (10 times)
PG (3 times)
PGPS (3 times)
2002 Cis/trans isomerisation of unsaturated fatty acids in a cardiolipin synthase knock-out mutant of Pseudomonas putida P8.
12  Cercospora leaf spot
(19 times)
Botany
(3 times)
QoI (3 times)
cyt b (2 times)
BFD (1 time)
2007 Epidemiology of cercospora leaf spot on sugar beet: modeling disease dynamics within and between individual plants.
13  categorical loudness scaling
(17 times)
Audiology
(15 times)
CI (3 times)
CU (2 times)
DPOAE (2 times)
1999 The acoustic reflex threshold: not predictive for loudness perception in normally-hearing listeners.
14  cafe-au-lait spots
(15 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
NF (4 times)
NF1 (4 times)
CNLN (2 times)
1980 [Diagnostic value of cafe-au-lait spots (author's transl)].
15  constrained least squares
(15 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
PSF (3 times)
DOF (2 times)
NMSE (2 times)
1987 Constrained least-squares restoration of nuclear medicine images: selecting the coarseness function.
16  CementLess Spotorno
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
THA (3 times)
CI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2003 Cementless Spotorno tapered titanium stems: excellent 10-15-year survival in 141 young patients.
17  centrosomal localization signal
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
AKAP450 (1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
CK1 (1 time)
2004 A centrosomal localization signal in cyclin E required for Cdk2-independent S phase entry.
18  coffee leaf scorch
(10 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CVC (7 times)
ELISA (2 times)
MLST (2 times)
1998 Coffee Leaf Scorch Bacterium: Axenic Culture, Pathogenicity, and Comparison with Xylella fastidiosa of Citrus.
19  complementary learning systems
(10 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
ANNs (1 time)
ERPs (1 time)
FCC (1 time)
2008 Event-related potential correlates of interference effects on recognition memory.
20  CL synthase
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CL (9 times)
PG (4 times)
PE (3 times)
2007 Cardiolipin deficiency releases cytochrome c from the inner mitochondrial membrane and accelerates stimuli-elicited apoptosis.
21  cAMP response element-like sequence
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
CREB (2 times)
NREA (2 times)
AP3 (1 time)
1997 The 5'-flanking region of the ovarian promoter of the bovine CYP19 gene contains a deletion in a cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate-like responsive sequence.
22  Canadian Light Source
(8 times)
Crystallization
(2 times)
APS (1 time)
CSR (1 time)
HXMA (1 time)
2005 Re-inventing the microscope: the Canadian Light Source (CLS).
23  center line slope
(7 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
FFCF (4 times)
AOT (1 time)
Mb (1 time)
2007 Frequency-frequency correlation functions and apodization in two-dimensional infrared vibrational echo spectroscopy: a new approach.
24  chemical lumbar sympathectomy
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
LR (1 time)
PEM (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
1993 [Neurolytic block of the lumbar sympathetic trunk in advanced stages of peripheral arterial occlusive disease].
25  Chicago Longitudinal Study
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
BA (1 time)
2007 Child maltreatment and violent delinquency: disentangling main effects and subgroup effects.
26  classical least squares regression
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
PLS (4 times)
ALS (1 time)
API (1 time)
2000 Open-path FT-IR spectrometry: is completely unattended operation feasible?
27  clitoral stimulation
(7 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(7 times)
CPP (4 times)
EB (4 times)
VCS (2 times)
2010 Clitoral stimulation induces conditioned place preference and Fos activation in the rat.
28  confocal laser scanning
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
SEM (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
BCC (1 time)
2001 A three-dimensional distribution of osteocyte processes revealed by the combination of confocal laser scanning microscopy and differential interference contrast microscopy.
29  consultation-liaison service
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
FD (1 time)
NGT (1 time)
1990 Hypnosis on a consultation-liaison service.
30  Calgary Laboratory Services
(6 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
Cbl (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CRHA (1 time)
1999 Centralization of a regional clinical microbiology service: The Calgary experience.
31  capacitive loaded strip
(6 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
SRR (4 times)
UWB (3 times)
MTM (2 times)
2015 A Negative Index Metamaterial-Inspired UWB Antenna with an Integration of Complementary SRR and CLS Unit Cells for Microwave Imaging Sensor Applications.
32  Cenani-Lenz syndrome
(6 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
LDL (1 time)
LRP4 (1 time)
2003 Mild facial dysmorphism and quasidominant inheritance in Cenani-Lenz syndrome.
33  conditioned lick suppression
(6 times)
Psychopharmacology
(4 times)
EPM (2 times)
CRF (1 time)
EZM (1 time)
1991 Naloxone eliminates passive avoidance retention deficits produced by pretest exposure to novelty in rats.
34  catheter lock solution
(5 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CRB (1 time)
HD (1 time)
TCC (1 time)
2002 Enhancing patency, safety and cost effectiveness of catheters.
35  centrifugal liquid sedimentation
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
DLS (4 times)
SEM (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
2014 Critical experimental evaluation of key methods to detect, size and quantify nanoparticulate silver.
36  core level shift
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
BE (2 times)
CSAF (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
2008 New insight brought by density functional theory on the chemical state of alaninol on Cu(100): energetics and interpretation of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy data.
37  capillary-lymphatic space
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
DFIs (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
FIGO (1 time)
1990 Prospective surgical-pathological study of disease-free interval in patients with stage IB squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study.
38  cardiac-locomotor synchronization
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
HR (2 times)
NIRS (1 time)
Total-Hb (1 time)
2003 Comparison of cardio-locomotor synchronization during running and cycling.
39  cathepsin-like substance
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
FLS (4 times)
EDTA (1 time)
FE (1 time)
1998 Identification of cystatin as a component of carp chorion.
40  Cenani-Lenz syndactyly
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
I450V (1 time)
LRP4 (1 time)
SHFM (1 time)
2004 Cenani-Lenz syndactyly in a patient with features of Kabuki syndrome.
41  cherry leaf spot
(4 times)
Botany
(1 time)
DMI (1 time)
DMIs (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
2006 Occurrence, Distribution, and Polymerase Chain Reaction-Based Detection of Resistance to Sterol Demethylation Inhibitor Fungicides in Populations of Blumeriella jaapii in Michigan.
42  Closantel
(4 times)
Parasitology
(3 times)
BS (1 time)
IVM (1 time)
ML (1 time)
1997 The effect of feed intake level on the pharmacokinetic disposition of closantel in sheep.
43  complement lysis sensitivity
(4 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
PNH (3 times)
DAF (1 time)
FCM (1 time)
1989 Complement sensitivity of erythroblasts and erythropoietic precursors in paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH).
44  coupled left-shift
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
2012 Coupled left-shift of Nav channels: modeling the Na⁺-loading and dysfunctional excitability of damaged axons.
45  crown lengthening surgery
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
DBL (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
SOG (1 time)
2007 Clinical evaluation of the supraosseous gingivae before and after crown lengthening.
46  cell lines
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AABCL (1 time)
CTAs (1 time)
MSCs (1 time)
1994 B cell IL-7. Human B cell lines constitutively secrete IL-7 and express IL-7 receptors.
47  child life specialists
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
CL (1 time)
1996 Child life programs in the pediatric emergency department.
48  Children's Loneliness Scale
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
CFA (1 time)
LACA (1 time)
NRI (1 time)
2002 Comparing measures of childhood loneliness: internal consistency and confirmatory factor analysis.
49  clorsulon
(3 times)
Parasitology
(3 times)
ABZ (2 times)
AE (1 time)
E. multilocularis (1 time)
2006 Field trial on comparative efficacy of four fasciolicides against natural liver fluke infection in cattle.
50  cloverleaf skull
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
MRI (1 time)
1991 Cloverleaf skull--a severe form of Crouzon's syndrome: a new concept in aetiology.
51  coelomocyte lysate supernatant
(3 times)
Zoology
(3 times)
PO (3 times)
ACP (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
2010 Interaction of dietary Bacillus subtilis and fructooligosaccharide on the growth performance, non-specific immunity of sea cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus.
52  Collaborative Life Skills
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
ADHD (3 times)
2016 A Randomized Controlled Trial of a School-Implemented School-Home Intervention for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms and Impairment.
53  colon leakage score
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ACS-NSQIP (1 time)
AL (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2011 Predicting the risk of anastomotic leakage in left-sided colorectal surgery using a colon leakage score.
54  concentration limiting step
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GR (1 time)
PAA (1 time)
2012 Deducing the temporal order of cofactor function in ligand-regulated gene transcription: theory and experimental verification.
55  congenital laryngeal stridor
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
--- 1984 Congenital laryngeal stridor (laryngomalacia): etiologic factors and associated disorders.
56  conservation laryngeal surgery
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LP (1 time)
pCR (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2009 Durable long-term remission with chemotherapy alone for stage II to IV laryngeal cancer.
57  conventional laparoscopy
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
LESS (1 time)
OS (1 time)
PEH (1 time)
2013 Robotic-assisted paraesophageal hernia repair--a case-control study.
58  correct ladder steps
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
FSA (3 times)
RHI (3 times)
SCI (2 times)
2011 Objective measures of motor dysfunction after compression spinal cord injury in adult rats: correlations with locomotor rating scores.
59  coupled level set
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AMRF (1 time)
DE (1 time)
EM (1 time)
2013 A unified EM approach to bladder wall segmentation with coupled level-set constraints.
60  cytoplasmic localization signal
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
DMAP1 (1 time)
NLS (1 time)
2000 Oxidative stress abolishes leptomycin B-sensitive nuclear export of transcription repressor Bach2 that counteracts activation of Maf recognition element.
61  calcium lignosulfonate
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
SCP (1 time)
2004 Calcium lignosulfonate adsorption and desorption on Berea sandstone.
62  calf lung surfactant
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
DPPC (1 time)
HA (1 time)
PL (1 time)
1999 Surfactant function and composition after free radical exposure generated by transition metals.
63  CaM-like site
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CaM (1 time)
CBS (1 time)
IR (1 time)
1996 Interaction of ganglioside with specific peptide sequences as a mechanism for the modulation of calmodulin-dependent enzymes.
64  Canadian Lake Shore
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
DH (1 time)
MFA (1 time)
Ptt (1 time)
2007 Genetic mapping of Pyrenophora teres f. teres genes conferring avirulence on barley.
65  Canine Laparoscopic Simulator
(2 times)
Education
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
GOALS (1 time)
MIS (1 time)
2014 Development and evaluation of a canine laparoscopic simulator for veterinary clinical training.
66  cell lysate supernatants
(2 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
--- 1992 Cell Cooperation During Host Defense in the Solitary Tunicate Ciona intestinalis (L).
67  cellulosic
(2 times)
Photochemistry
(1 time)
ACVD (1 time)
HMF (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2004 Von Willebrand factor and autoantibodies against oxidized LDL in hemodialysis patients treated with vitamin E-modified dialyzers.
68  chemiluminescence
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
Hp (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
ROMs (1 time)
2001 Helicobacter pylori CagA-positive strains affect oxygen free radicals generation by gastric mucosa.
69  cherry leaf scorch
(2 times)
Virology
(2 times)
CCRS (2 times)
2014 Viroid-like RNAs from cherry trees affected by leaf scorch disease: further data supporting their association with mycoviral double-stranded RNAs.
70  cherry leaf spot disease
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2009 Effects of Copper-Based Fungicides on Foliar Gas Exchange in Tart Cherry.
71  cilostazol
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
APZ (1 time)
aRR (1 time)
CAS (1 time)
2016 Continuous daily use of cilostazol prevents in-stent restenosis following carotid artery stenting: serial angiographic investigation of 229 lesions.
72  Cincinnati Lead Study
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 2001 Early exposure to lead and juvenile delinquency.
73  cisplatin lipiodol suspension
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1992 [Percutaneous injection of cisplatin lipiodol suspension (CLS) in rabbit lung, aiming at intratumoral injection therapy for lung cancer].
74  cladding light stripper
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
Al (1 time)
NA (1 time)
2014 Robust cladding light stripper for high-power fiber lasers using soft metals.
75  clinical leadership skill
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
NGNTPs (1 time)
RNs (1 time)
2011 Developing and testing a new measure of staff nurse clinical leadership: the clinical leadership survey.
76  closed-loop system
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
2003 The influence of concomitant drug therapy on the efficacy of atrial overdrive stimulation for prevention of atrial tachyarrhythmias.
77  Cognitive Lifestyle Score
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Cognitive lifestyle and long-term risk of dementia and survival after diagnosis in a multicenter population-based cohort.
78  Collaborative Life Skills Program
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
2013 Educational outcomes of a collaborative school-home behavioral intervention for ADHD.
79  combat lifesaver
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
JTQs (1 time)
SJT (1 time)
SOCM (1 time)
2013 Feasibility of supraglottic airway use by combat lifesavers on the modern battlefield.
80  common leafspot
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
AFLP (1 time)
BSD (1 time)
2012 Association of AFLP and SCAR markers with common leafspot resistance in autotetraploid alfalfa (Medicago sativa).
81  complete lower segment
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CULS (1 time)
CUS (1 time)
IUFD (1 time)
2007 Rupture uterus in primigravida: morbidity and mortality.
82  complex laparoscopic surgery
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
LC (1 time)
LCBDE (1 time)
1997 [Combined laparoscopic surgery].
83  composite lesion score
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
GGP (2 times)
WT (1 time)
2017 A New Preclinical Paradigm for Testing Anti-Aging Therapeutics.
84  conventional laparoscopic splenectomy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
DILS (1 time)
HALS (1 time)
2013 Reduced port laparoscopic splenectomy using a newly developed multichannel port: a pilot study.
85  Cornelia de Lange syndrome
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
--- 1985 A possible clinical implication of homozygous inversions of 9qh regions with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CLS).
86  crude linseed
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ELS (2 times)
FA (2 times)
LSO (2 times)
2008 Methane output and diet digestibility in response to feeding dairy cows crude linseed, extruded linseed, or linseed oil.
87  culprit lesion site
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
HU (1 time)
MDCT (1 time)
2010 The culprit lesion score on multi-detector computed tomography can detect vulnerable coronary artery plaque.
88  Cultivando la Salud
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
LHWs (1 time)
Pap (1 time)
2009 Effectiveness of Cultivando la Salud: a breast and cervical cancer screening promotion program for low-income Hispanic women.
89  Curvularia leaf spot
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NPs (2 times)
ROS (1 time)
2017 Cu-chitosan nanoparticle boost defense responses and plant growth in maize (Zea mays L.).
90  cyst-like structures
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2000 Mg, Mn, and Co ions enhance the formation of Entamoeba histolytica cyst-like structures resistant to sodium dodecyl sulfate.
91  5alpha-cholestane
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Molecular orientational order of nitroxide radicals in liquid crystalline media.
92  caecal lesion score
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
IL-10 (1 time)
WG (1 time)
2018 Phenotypic and genetic variation in the response of chickens to Eimeria tenella induced coccidiosis.
93  calcification of the ligamentum stylohyoideum
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CAC (1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
PSF (1 time)
2016 Incidence and frequency of nondental incidental findings on cone-beam computed tomography.
94  callousness
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
EXT (1 time)
GRD (1 time)
2013 Genetic and environmental risk factors in males for self-report externalizing traits in mid-adolescence and criminal behavior through young adulthood.
95  campylobacter-like structures
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
EPC (1 time)
1989 Erosive prepyloric changes--a manifestation of stress?
96  Cancer Literacy Score
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 2012 First insights on the validity of the concept of Cancer Literacy: a test in a sample of Ticino (Switzerland) residents.
97  cannulated lag screw
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EDBCS (1 time)
IHS (1 time)
2017 An in vitro biomechanical evaluation of an expansive double-threaded bi-directional compression screw for fixation of type II odontoid process fractures: A SQUIRE-compliant article.
98  capillary loop stage
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Gene-Edited Human Kidney Organoids Reveal Mechanisms of Disease in Podocyte Development.
99  capillary lymphatic space invasion
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
SLN (1 time)
2010 Sentinel lymph node biopsy vs. pelvic lymphadenectomy in early stage cervical cancer: is it time to change the gold standard?
100  capillary-like structure formation
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
BREC (1 time)
HUVEC (1 time)
1998 The formation of tubular structures by endothelial cells is under the control of fibrinolysis and mechanical factors.