A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : CLs

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : CLs
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 3 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: CLs
Appearance Frequency: 639 time(s)
Long forms: 123

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
contact lenses
(169 times)
Ophthalmology
(94 times)
RGP (16 times)
SV (6 times)
MPS (5 times)
1987 Pseudomonas attachment to new hydrogel contact lenses.
confidence limits
(57 times)
Epidemiology
(7 times)
OR (5 times)
ABI (3 times)
HR (3 times)
0 Circulating Omentin-1 and Chronic Painful Temporomandibular Disorders.
cycle lengths
(56 times)
Cardiology
(44 times)
AF (17 times)
APD (12 times)
ERP (6 times)
1988 Frequency-dependent effects of quinidine on the relationship between action potential duration and refractoriness in the canine heart in situ.
cationic liposomes
(42 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
DOPE (4 times)
DOTAP (4 times)
TE (4 times)
2000 Structure and structure-function studies of lipid/plasmid DNA complexes.
cortical lesions
(40 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
MS (31 times)
MRI (14 times)
WM (13 times)
2008 Morphology and evolution of cortical lesions in multiple sclerosis. A longitudinal MRI study.
cardiolipins
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
PGs (7 times)
PEs (6 times)
PCs (3 times)
2009 Role of cardiolipins in the inner mitochondrial membrane: insight gained through atom-scale simulations.
cross-links
(14 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
FA (2 times)
LT (2 times)
PGs (2 times)
1990 Genetic effects and repair of DNA photo-adducts induced by 8-methoxypsoralen and homopsoralen (pyranocoumarin) in diploid yeast.
collateral ligaments
(12 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
DIP (5 times)
MCP (4 times)
MR (3 times)
2002 MR imaging of the metacarpophalangeal joints of the fingers: part II. Detection of simulated injuries in cadavers.
cytotoxic lymphocytes
(12 times)
Cell Biology
(6 times)
GrB (3 times)
PI-9 (3 times)
BLT-SE (1 time)
1997 Isolation and partial characterization of cytoplasmic granules of LAK cells from mice showing side effects of recombinant human IL-2.
10  conventional liposomes
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
DLs (5 times)
CLSM (2 times)
PGLs (2 times)
2012 A novel vesicular carrier, transethosome, for enhanced skin delivery of voriconazole: characterization and in vitro/in vivo evaluation.
11  cutaneous lymphomas
(9 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
CBCL (2 times)
CTCL (2 times)
CTCLs (2 times)
1995 Molecular analysis of cutaneous B- and T-cell lymphomas.
12  catalyst layers
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
CB (1 time)
CGMD (1 time)
2010 On the micro-, meso-, and macroporous structures of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell catalyst layers.
13  cationic lipids
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
DNA (2 times)
ALs (1 time)
FACS-FCM (1 time)
2000 Characterisation of three novel cationic lipids as liposomal complexes with DNA.
14  Claudins
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
TJs (2 times)
AD (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
2010 Altered expression of claudin family proteins in Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia brains.
15  clearances
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
Vdss (2 times)
AUCs (1 time)
CLTotal (1 time)
1982 Pharmacokinetics of Teniposide (VM26) and etoposide (VP16-213) in children with cancer.
16  cluster lesions
(6 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
BIANCA (2 times)
BioQuaRT (1 time)
PTB (1 time)
2013 A model of radiation-induced cell killing: insights into mechanisms and applications for hadron therapy.
17  critical levels
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
FACE (1 time)
LP (1 time)
OTCs (1 time)
2000 The exchange of ozone between vegetation and atmosphere: micrometeorological measurement techniques and models.
18  Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum
(5 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
bTEFAP (2 times)
ZC (2 times)
PCR (1 time)
2011 Diversity of endosymbionts in the potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Triozidae), vector of zebra chip disease of potato.
19  cardinal ligaments
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PAI (2 times)
RH (2 times)
USLs (2 times)
2000 Pelvic nerve plexus trauma at radical hysterectomy and simple hysterectomy: the nerve content of the uterine supporting ligaments.
20  cellobiose lipids
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AFM (1 time)
BS (1 time)
CMC (1 time)
2011 Production of Glycolipid Biosurfactants, cellobiose lipids, by Cryptococcus humicola JCM 1461 and their interfacial properties.
21  Critical loads
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ANC (1 time)
BCE (1 time)
DCLs (1 time)
2010 Lichen-based critical loads for atmospheric nitrogen deposition in Western Oregon and Washington Forests, USA.
22  cell lines
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AABCL (1 time)
CTAs (1 time)
MSCs (1 time)
1994 B cell IL-7. Human B cell lines constitutively secrete IL-7 and express IL-7 receptors.
23  cell lysates
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CM (2 times)
CCM (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
1992 Urokinase-type plasminogen activator activity increases during the growth of two murine mammary adenocarcinomas with different metastasizing abilities.
24  central lines
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
CLABSIs (2 times)
APs (1 time)
2011 Association between risk of bloodstream infection and duration of use of totally implantable access ports and central lines: a 24-month study.
25  cruciate ligaments
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ACL (1 time)
CCL (1 time)
CCLD (1 time)
2011 The organisation of elastin and fibrillins 1 and 2 in the cruciate ligament complex.
26  Cutaneous lymphomas
(4 times)
Therapeutics
(2 times)
CBCLs (1 time)
CTCLs (1 time)
mAbs (1 time)
2002 Immunomodulators in the treatment of cutaneous lymphomas.
27  cyclolinopeptides
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CHR (1 time)
CL-F (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2012 Rapid reversed-phase liquid chromatography separation of cyclolinopeptides with monolithic and microparticulate columns.
28  capping layers
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
QDs (2 times)
MRAM (1 time)
SESAMs (1 time)
2013 Magnetic properties of ultrathin Ni81Fe19 films with Ta and Ru capping layers.
29  cellular leiomyomas
(3 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
LMSs (1 time)
ULs (1 time)
2010 Understanding cellular leiomyomas: a case-control study.
30  clusters
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
CLL (1 time)
Cre (1 time)
MLST (1 time)
2011 Identification of outcome-correlated cytokine clusters in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
31  community leaders
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CBPR (1 time)
DIs (1 time)
DOTS (1 time)
2010 Traditional healers and tuberculosis control in southern Nigeria.
32  Composite lymphomas
(3 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
IgH (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
PTCL (2 times)
2012 Composite chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma and follicular lymphoma are biclonal lymphomas: a report of two cases.
33  C-type lectins
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
CRP (1 time)
GPCR43 (1 time)
MjsvCL (1 time)
2010 Secreted M-ficolin anchors onto monocyte transmembrane G protein-coupled receptor 43 and cross talks with plasma C-reactive protein to mediate immune signaling and regulate host defense.
34  catheterization laboratories
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CAs (1 time)
OpD (1 time)
PCIs (1 time)
2016 THE EFFECT OF RADIATION SHIELDS ON OPERATOR EXPOSURE DURING CONGENITAL CARDIAC CATHETERISATION.
35  cationic liposome
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
IFA (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2009 Highly ordered self-assembly of 1D nanoparticles in phospholipids driven by curvature and electrostatic interaction.
36  cellular lesions
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
CS (1 time)
EBTB (1 time)
1992 Diagnosis and management of endobronchial tuberculosis.
37  central laboratories
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BGAs (1 time)
CEG (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2010 Point-of-care reversal treatment in phenprocoumon-related intracerebral hemorrhage.
38  cervical lengths
(2 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
PTD (1 time)
2007 Routine cervical length in twins and perinatal outcomes.
39  clinical leaders
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
NDUs (1 time)
1998 Clinical leadership in nursing development units.
40  clodronate liposomes
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AKI (1 time)
CCR2 (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
2014 Enhancement of anticancer effect of interferon-gamma gene transfer against interferon-gamma-resistant tumor by depletion of tumor-associated macrophages.
41  cross-linked 2'-O-methylated RNA duplexes
(2 times)
Nucleic Acids
(1 time)
Ago (1 time)
AMO (1 time)
AMOs (1 time)
2018 Function Control of Anti-microRNA Oligonucleotides Using Interstrand Cross-Linked Duplexes.
42  culprit lesions
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
DM (1 time)
MVD (1 time)
2009 Impact of type 2 diabetes mellitus on diffuse inflammatory activation of de novo atheromatous lesions: implications for systemic inflammation.
43  cultured lymphocytes
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BMPR2 (1 time)
HPAH (1 time)
IGHD II (1 time)
2009 A molecular basis for variation in clinical severity of isolated growth hormone deficiency type II.
44  current levels
(2 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
CNC (1 time)
DR (1 time)
2016 Effects of Threshold Adjustment on Speech Perception in Nucleus Cochlear Implant Recipients.
45  Cutaneous leiomyomas
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
HLRCC (2 times)
MCULs (1 time)
2015 Leiomyoma cutis: a focused review on presentation, management, and association with malignancy.
46  calcitonin receptor-like receptors
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
RAMP (1 time)
2006 Female sex steroids increase adrenomedullin-induced vasodilation by increasing the expression of adrenomedullin2 receptor components in rat mesenteric artery.
47  canalicular lacerations
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2019 Apart From Surgical Procedures, Another Important Point to Note in Lacrimal Canalicular Lacerations: Traumatic Retinal Tears.
48  canine lymphomas
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Canine lymphomas: a morphological and immunohistochemical study of 55 cases, with observations on p53 immunoexpression.
49  capillary loops
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
CTPe (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2009 Morphological study of the connective tissue papillae and the capillary loops on the lingual dorsum in the type 2 diabetes mellitus model rats.
50  capsular ligaments
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 1998 Capsular ligament stretches during in vitro whiplash simulations.
51  carapace lengths
(1 time)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2016 Validation of back-calculated body lengths and timing of growth mark deposition in Hawaiian green sea turtles.
52  cardiolipin liposomes
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
MTO (1 time)
2010 Reduced dose-limiting toxicity of intraperitoneal mitoxantrone chemotherapy using cardiolipin-based anionic liposomes.
53  carious lesions
(1 time)
Mouth Diseases
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
S-ECC (1 time)
2014 Children with severe early childhood caries: streptococci genetic strains within carious and white spot lesions.
54  caspase-like enzymatic activities
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ETR (1 time)
NPQ (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2015 Dunaliella tertiolecta (Chlorophyta) Avoids Cell Death Under Ultraviolet Radiation By Triggering Alternative Photoprotective Mechanisms.
55  catecholamines
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
DA (1 time)
EDMA (1 time)
2012 Selective extraction and determination of catecholamines in urine samples by using a dopamine magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer and capillary electrophoresis.
56  Cavitary lesions
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
aHR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2019 Increasing Number and Volume of Cavitary Lesions on Chest Computed Tomography Are Associated With Prolonged Time to Culture Conversion in Pulmonary Tuberculosis.
57  cell lengths
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
E-C (1 time)
GH (1 time)
IGF-I (1 time)
2002 Impaired cardiac excitation-contraction coupling in ventricular myocytes from Ames dwarf mice with IGF-I deficiency.
58  Cellular lectins
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SLs (1 time)
1989 Sugar specific cellular lectins of Phallusia mamillata hemocytes: purification, characterization and evidence for cell surface localization.
59  cement leakages
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
PMMA (1 time)
2017 Potential risks of using cement-augmented screws for spinal fusion in patients with low bone quality.
60  centerlines
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2017 Automatic construction of subject-specific human airway geometry including trifurcations based on a CT-segmented airway skeleton and surface.
61  certainty limits
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
HBV (1 time)
2019 Surveillance-Based Estimate of the Prevalence of Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection, New York City, 2016.
62  cervical loops
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DESCs (1 time)
FACS (1 time)
2013 Self-renewal and multilineage differentiation of mouse dental epithelial stem cells.
63  CFAE-cycle lengths
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CFAE (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2016 Spatial reproducibility of complex fractionated atrial electrogram depending on the direction and configuration of bipolar electrodes: an in-silico modeling study.
64  chain lengths
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CFU (1 time)
NACP (1 time)
QAMs (1 time)
2016 Effects of quaternary ammonium chain length on the antibacterial and remineralizing effects of a calcium phosphate nanocomposite.
65  chromophore ligands
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Ti6-TOCs (1 time)
TOCs (1 time)
2019 Precise and Wide-Ranged Band-Gap Tuning of Ti6-Core-Based Titanium Oxo Clusters by the Type and Number of Chromophore Ligands.
66  cigalikes
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
TC (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2018 Nicotine delivery efficiency of first- and second-generation e-cigarettes and its impact on relief of craving during the acute phase of use.
67  circulating lymphocytes
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
ObS (1 time)
PDH (1 time)
PDHt (1 time)
2005 Down-regulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase in obese subjects is a defect that signals insulin resistance.
68  circumferential lines
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CA (1 time)
MIL (1 time)
2017 Persistency of left atrial linear lesions after radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation: Data from an invasive follow-up electrophysiology study.
69  Citrus limonoids
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 The Chemistry and Pharmacology of Citrus Limonoids.
70  clearance of S- and R-warfarin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
INR (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2017 Development of a novel individualized warfarin dose algorithm based on a population pharmacokinetic model with improved prediction accuracy for Chinese patients after heart valve replacement.
71  clearance of S-warfarin
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
INR (1 time)
PK/PD (1 time)
2009 Warfarin-dosing algorithm based on a population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model combined with Bayesian forecasting.
72  cleft lips
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 A new method to quantify subtle morphological deformities in nasal profile curvatures and its application for analysis of unilateral cleft lip noses.
73  clients
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2001 Overcoming truth telling as an obstacle to initiating safer sex: clients and health practitioners planning deception during HIV test counseling.
74  clinical laboratories
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Brucella events (1 time)
BSC (1 time)
BTAs (1 time)
2019 Brucella Exposure Risk Events in Ten Clinical Laboratories, New York City, 2015 - 2017.
75  clinical librarians
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2016 The impact of clinical librarian services on patients and health care organisations.
76  clodronate-containing liposomes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Distinct Cellular Pathways for Induction of CD4+ T Cell-Dependent Antibody Responses to Antigen Expressed by Intact Bacteria Versus Isolated Soluble Antigen.
77  collective delocalized state
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2019 Ultrafast Relaxation Processes of Conjugated Polymer Nanoparticles in the Presence of Au Nanoparticles.
78  colostral leukocytes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
TT (1 time)
2016 Maternal colostral leukocytes appear to enhance cell-mediated recall response, but inhibit humoral recall response in prime-boost vaccinated calves.
79  common locations
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
CCs (1 time)
CMDs (1 time)
CMNs (1 time)
2002 Illustration of sampling-based methods for uncertainty and sensitivity analysis.
80  compact layers
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DSSCs (1 time)
EPD (1 time)
FTO (1 time)
2013 Electrophoretically deposited TiO2 compact layers using aqueous suspension for dye-sensitized solar cells.
81  complex lesions
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
PUA (1 time)
2002 C-reactive protein and multiple complex coronary artery plaques in patients with primary unstable angina.
82  compliances
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
TI (1 time)
1985 Ventilation during CPR: two-rescuer standards reappraised.
83  compound lights
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BPF (1 time)
Chl (1 time)
LEDs (1 time)
2016 Morphological, Photosynthetic, and Physiological Responses of Rapeseed Leaf to Different Combinations of Red and Blue Lights at the Rosette Stage.
84  compulsory licenses
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
UMICs (1 time)
WTO (1 time)
2012 Trends in compulsory licensing of pharmaceuticals since the Doha Declaration: a database analysis.
85  concentrate levels
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CCD (1 time)
CCW (1 time)
CG (1 time)
2014 Fatty acid profile, carcass and meat quality traits of young Nellore bulls fed crude glycerin replacing energy sources in the concentrate.
86  concentrated leachates
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2019 Occurrence of banned and commonly used pesticide residues in concentrated leachate: Implications for ecological risk assessment.
87  concentration limits
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HP (1 time)
LoW (1 time)
NH (1 time)
2018 Proposal of concentration limits for determining the hazard property HP 14 for waste using ecotoxicological tests.
88  concentrations than populations selected for lower DFAT content
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
DFAs (1 time)
2012 Divergent selection for ester-linked diferulates in maize pith stalk tissues. Effects on cell wall composition and degradability.
89  concentric lesions
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
2012 Plexiform vasculopathy of severe pulmonary arterial hypertension and microRNA expression.
90  concurrent lesions
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
ILs (1 time)
KRAS (1 time)
2014 KRAS and BRAF genotyping of synchronous colorectal carcinomas.
91  confidence levels
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
4-PA (1 time)
PLP (1 time)
2009 A simplified protein precipitation and filtration procedure for determining serum vitamin B6 by high-performance liquid chromatography.
92  consecutive laminae
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CCM (1 time)
JOA (1 time)
PSS (1 time)
2018 Posterior spinal cord shift does not affect surgical outcomes after muscle-preserving selective laminectomy.
93  constitutive laws
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
FE (1 time)
SLM (1 time)
UTTs (1 time)
2018 A visco-hyperelastic constitutive model and its application in bovine tongue tissue.
94  constrained liners
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
L-MoM (1 time)
2014 Large diameter metal on metal total hip replacement for femoral neck fractures with neurological conditions: A retrospective assessment.
95  Construal Levels
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CLT (1 time)
2015 Moral hypocrisy on the basis of construal level: to be a utilitarian personal decision maker or to be a moral advisor?
96  consultant laboratories
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
ECDC (1 time)
NRCs (1 time)
2015 Public health microbiology in Germany: 20 years of national reference centers and consultant laboratories.
97  consultation letters
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
MUPS (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2010 Consultation letters for medically unexplained physical symptoms in primary care.
98  contamination levels
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MCLPs (1 time)
2018 Microbial Contamination Level Profiles Attributed to Contamination of Beef Carcasses, Personnel, and Equipment: Case of Small and Medium Enterprise Slaughterhouses.
99  contrast-enhanced lesions
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BSI (1 time)
IMRT (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
2019 Evolution and Dosimetric Analysis of Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Detected Brain Stem Injury After Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma.
100  control lines containing empty vector
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
TF (1 time)
2020 Over-expression of poplar NAC15 gene enhances wood formation in transgenic tobacco.