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Abbreviation: CM
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Long forms: 1570

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
conditioned medium
(2483 times)
Neoplasms
(402 times)
MSCs (147 times)
VEGF (104 times)
IL (90 times)
1973 A conditioned medium (CM) factor produced by chondrocytes that promotes their own differentiation.
contrast media
(791 times)
Radiology
(392 times)
CIN (98 times)
CT (49 times)
SCr (31 times)
1981 Determination of lethal dose in a protozoa: screening of contrast media toxicity.
cerebral malaria
(519 times)
Tropical Medicine
(99 times)
PbA (60 times)
ECM (52 times)
UM (41 times)
1985 Antibodies against malaria sporozoites in patients with acute uncomplicated malaria and patients with cerebral malaria.
Chinese medicine
(481 times)
Complementary Therapies
(400 times)
WM (53 times)
RA (19 times)
IM (17 times)
1999 MMPI manifestations of Chinese migraine syndromes: a control study.
cochlear microphonic
(376 times)
Audiology
(163 times)
CAP (109 times)
EP (64 times)
SP (60 times)
1972 [Changes in cochlear microphonics (CM) due to administration of NaCl to the cochlear window: comparison of the results with pretreatment with various other drugs].
chronic migraine
(364 times)
Neurology
(299 times)
EM (78 times)
MOH (34 times)
CDH (32 times)
2001 Hypothalamic involvement in chronic migraine.
contingency management
(318 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(174 times)
CBT (33 times)
CO (13 times)
LDA (12 times)
1996 Contingency management for tobacco smoking in methadone-maintained opiate addicts.
cardiomyocytes
(289 times)
Cardiology
(59 times)
MI (21 times)
NO (16 times)
CF (10 times)
1994 Identification of myocarditogenic peptides derived from cardiac myosin capable of inducing experimental allergic myocarditis in the Lewis rat. The utility of a class II binding motif in selecting self-reactive peptides.
cutaneous melanoma
(264 times)
Neoplasms
(105 times)
CI (28 times)
OR (21 times)
UM (18 times)
1985 Risk for cutaneous melanoma in recent Connecticut birth cohorts.
10  cardiomyopathy
(220 times)
Cardiology
(91 times)
LV (29 times)
HF (13 times)
CHD (12 times)
1975 [Autoantibodies against heartmuscle sarcolemma in sera of patients with an idiopathic cardiomyopathy (author's transl)].
11  cow's milk
(202 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(126 times)
CMA (49 times)
SPT (19 times)
OIT (16 times)
1985 Intestinal cow's milk allergy.
12  cryptococcal meningitis
(167 times)
Communicable Diseases
(48 times)
CSF (51 times)
HIV (28 times)
ART (21 times)
1995 Antibodies to the Cryptococcus neoformans capsular glucuronoxylomannan are ubiquitous in serum from HIV+ and HIV- individuals.
13  clinical mastitis
(161 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(140 times)
SCC (31 times)
SCM (14 times)
SCS (13 times)
1998 Use of clinical parameters for differentiation of gram-positive and gram-negative mastitis in dairy cows vaccinated against lipopolysaccharide core antigens.
14  center of mass
(153 times)
Physiology
(38 times)
CP (10 times)
UCM (5 times)
APA (4 times)
1980 Experimental evidence of a strategy for a beat swing prior to a kip.
15  chylomicrons
(147 times)
Biochemistry
(30 times)
VLDL (56 times)
TG (52 times)
LDL (23 times)
1979 Quantitation of the transfer of surface phospholipid of chylomicrons to the high density lipoprotein fraction during the catabolism of chylomicrons in the rat.
16  child maltreatment
(145 times)
Psychiatry
(36 times)
IPV (14 times)
CTQ (12 times)
PTSD (10 times)
2000 The impact of physician training on child maltreatment reporting: a multi-specialty study.
17  case management
(140 times)
Nursing
(35 times)
UC (6 times)
CI (5 times)
ED (5 times)
1988 An evaluation of Utah's primary care case management program for Medicaid recipients.
18  complementary medicine
(110 times)
Complementary Therapies
(32 times)
QOL (6 times)
IP (5 times)
IM (4 times)
1995 Complementary medicine: common misconceptions.
19  Chiari malformation
(96 times)
Neurology
(30 times)
SM (27 times)
CKCS (14 times)
MRI (13 times)
1993 [Arnold-Chiari malformation in adults. Development of diagnostic conditions since the availability of MRI].
20  carboxymethyl
(92 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
DEAE (10 times)
SDS-PAGE (8 times)
AE (3 times)
1969 Studies on the prekallikrein (kallikreinogen)--kallikrein enzyme system of human plasma. I. Isolation and purification of plasma kallikreins.
21  confocal microscopy
(89 times)
Ophthalmology
(31 times)
SEM (11 times)
AFM (6 times)
TEM (5 times)
1996 Application of in vivo confocal microscopy to the understanding of surfactant-induced ocular irritation.
22  circular muscle
(84 times)
Physiology
(35 times)
LM (43 times)
ICC (9 times)
EFS (7 times)
1984 Mechanical and electrical activity of esophageal smooth muscle during peristalsis.
23  canola meal
(80 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(69 times)
SBM (41 times)
SID (13 times)
AID (9 times)
1988 Biotin bioavailability of protein supplements and cereal grains for starting turkey poults.
24  conventional medicine
(79 times)
Complementary Therapies
(12 times)
CAM (16 times)
CI (4 times)
IM (4 times)
1977 Reduction of unexpected, life-threatening events in postoperative cardiac surgical patients; the role of computerized surveillance.
25  culture medium
(76 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
FF (4 times)
EGF (3 times)
IVF (3 times)
1981 Glial-released proteins: II. Two-dimensional electrophoretic identification of proteins regulated by hydrocortisone.
26  cavernous malformation
(75 times)
Neurosurgery
(34 times)
AVM (10 times)
DVA (8 times)
MRI (4 times)
1993 Intraventricular cavernous malformation associated with medullary venous malformation.
27  centrum medianum
(75 times)
Neurology
(32 times)
Pf (19 times)
VL (15 times)
CL (13 times)
1968 Thalamic projection of muscle nerve afferents in the cat.
28  cytoplasmic membrane
(69 times)
Microbiology
(21 times)
OM (28 times)
ICM (6 times)
MIC (5 times)
1981 Penicillin-binding proteins of Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides and their membrane localization.
29  cross-metathesis
(65 times)
Chemistry
(34 times)
RCM (16 times)
ROMP (4 times)
NHC (2 times)
2001 Kinetically controlled cross-metathesis reactions with high E-olefin selectivities.
30  cervical mucus
(63 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(47 times)
CC (7 times)
PCT (7 times)
BCM (4 times)
1975 Antibodies to spermatozoa. V. Antibody activity in human cervical mucus.
31  corticomotoneuronal
(60 times)
Neurology
(36 times)
EMG (18 times)
PSF (10 times)
RM (6 times)
1976 The development of motor control in the rhesus monkey: evidence concerning the role of corticomotoneuronal connections.
32  collagen membrane
(59 times)
Dentistry
(47 times)
GBR (13 times)
DBBM (12 times)
CAL (8 times)
2002 Comparison of calcium alginate film with collagen membrane for guided bone regeneration in mandibular defects in rabbits.
33  contrast material
(59 times)
Radiology
(38 times)
CTA (10 times)
CT (7 times)
HU (7 times)
1986 [Contrast media in angiography: present and future].
34  congenital malformations
(56 times)
Public Health
(9 times)
CI (4 times)
ART (2 times)
CH (2 times)
1977 Congenital malformations in diabetic offspring.
35  chicken manure
(54 times)
Environmental Health
(31 times)
SS (9 times)
VS (9 times)
PM (8 times)
2001 Batch co-digestion of multi-component agro-wastes.
36  chorismate mutase
(52 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
PDT (4 times)
Phe (4 times)
cat (3 times)
1988 Purification and characterization of an inducible aromatic amino acid-sensitive form of chorismate mutase from Solanum tuberosum L. tubers.
37  cisterna magna
(52 times)
Obstetrics
(10 times)
CSF (14 times)
SAH (8 times)
IT (7 times)
1982 A further study of the cardiovascular responses to central administration of acetylcholine in rats.
38  central memory
(47 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
EM (31 times)
cART (4 times)
GVHD (4 times)
2004 Age-associated change in the frequency of memory CD4+ T cells impairs long term CD4+ T cell responses to influenza vaccine.
39  cutaneous mastocytosis
(46 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(15 times)
SM (23 times)
MCs (10 times)
ISM (7 times)
2001 Clinical and histopathological aspects of cutaneous mastocytosis.
40  cell membrane
(44 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CW (10 times)
DAP (8 times)
MRSA (7 times)
1974 Protein fraction with immunogenic potential and low toxicity isolated from the cell wall of Neisseria meningitidis group B.
41  ciliary muscle
(44 times)
Ophthalmology
(40 times)
TM (28 times)
IOP (9 times)
AC (3 times)
1986 Quantitative analysis of 'plaque material' between ciliary muscle tips in normal- and glaucomatous eyes.
42  cochlear microphonic potential
(44 times)
Otolaryngology
(19 times)
CAP (8 times)
EP (8 times)
SP (4 times)
1975 [Evoked response audiometry of the guinea pig before and after drop in hearing induced by furosemid (author's transl)].
43  collagen matrix
(42 times)
Dentistry
(28 times)
CAF (10 times)
CTG (8 times)
SCTG (5 times)
1984 Evaluation of transected spinal cord regeneration in the rat.
44  calmodulin
(39 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
MLCKase (8 times)
PDE (5 times)
TFP (4 times)
1980 Activation of skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase by calcium(2+) and calmodulin.
45  conservative management
(38 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
SIJ (4 times)
CI (3 times)
MS (3 times)
2005 Prenatal diagnosis and management of intrauterine growth restriction: A long-term prospective study on outcome and maternal stress.
46  cattle manure
(35 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
VS (4 times)
FW (3 times)
HRT (3 times)
2006 Composting of a solid olive-mill by-product ("alperujo") and the potential of the resulting compost for cultivating pepper under commercial conditions.
47  cuticular membrane
(35 times)
Botany
(17 times)
SCL (3 times)
BSEP (2 times)
CL (2 times)
1976 Water permeability of isolated cuticular membranes: The effect of cuticular waxes on diffusion of water.
48  complete medium
(33 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
LAK (4 times)
MM (4 times)
NK (4 times)
1975 A comparison of chromosomal radiosensitivities of somatic cells of mouse and man.
49  cerebral metastases
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
FL (3 times)
HGG (3 times)
SCCs (3 times)
1991 [A descriptive study of 105 patients with cerebral metastasis].
50  chloroform-methanol
(29 times)
Virology
(6 times)
C.b (4 times)
i.p (4 times)
TCAE (3 times)
1977 Studies on membrane receptor sites for serotonin in the brain.
51  capillary malformation
(28 times)
Dermatology
(12 times)
AVM (5 times)
VM (5 times)
AVF (4 times)
2002 Locus for susceptibility for familial capillary malformation ('port-wine stain') maps to 5q.
52  cervical myelopathy
(28 times)
Orthopedics
(13 times)
MRI (8 times)
CR (3 times)
DTI (3 times)
1990 Ataxia in Swedish warmblood and standardbred horses. A radiologic and pathology study.
53  conus medullaris
(28 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
AB (2 times)
CE (2 times)
FL (2 times)
1996 [Syringomyelia, scoliosis and idiopathic Arnold-Chiari malformations: a common etiology].
54  CarboMedics
(26 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
SJM (10 times)
MH (4 times)
AVR (3 times)
1992 Carbomedics and St. Jude Medical bileaflet valves: an in vitro and in vivo comparison.
55  complete mole
(26 times)
Gynecology
(15 times)
PM (21 times)
GTD (7 times)
HA (5 times)
1996 Clinicopathologic study of tetraploid hydropic villous tissues.
56  cardiometabolic
(25 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
BMI (4 times)
WC (4 times)
BP (2 times)
2009 [Vitamins and minerals with antioxidant properties and cardiometabolic risk: controversies and perspectives].
57  centromedian nucleus
(25 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
MD (6 times)
DBS (4 times)
CL (3 times)
1983 Connections of the mesencephalic locomotor region (MLR) II. Afferents and efferents.
58  cow manure
(25 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
PM (7 times)
VS (4 times)
KW (3 times)
2008 Dehydrogenase activity in Lumbricus terrestris casts and surrounding soil affected by addition of different organic wastes and Zn.
59  conjunctival melanoma
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(15 times)
UM (3 times)
HR (2 times)
WES (2 times)
2007 Prognostic significance of histopathology of primary conjunctival melanoma in Caucasians.
60  carrier multiplication
(23 times)
Nanotechnology
(10 times)
NCs (6 times)
MEG (3 times)
NQDs (2 times)
2007 Carrier multiplication in InAs nanocrystal quantum dots with an onset defined by the energy conservation limit.
61  choroidal melanoma
(22 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
BT (4 times)
MLPA (2 times)
SRT (2 times)
2005 Improved pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and necrosis in vivo using a new near infra-red photosensitizer: tetrahydroporphyrin tetratosylat.
62  concept mapping
(22 times)
Health Services Research
(6 times)
PBL (3 times)
e-cig (2 times)
ECIGs (2 times)
2005 Stress among allogeneic bone marrow transplantation patients.
63  curcumin
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
NPs (3 times)
VDR (3 times)
mPEG (2 times)
2010 Curcumin: a novel nutritionally derived ligand of the vitamin D receptor with implications for colon cancer chemoprevention.
64  cremaster muscle
(21 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
GFN (3 times)
CGRP (2 times)
EMG (2 times)
1998 Contractility and electrophysiological parameters of cremaster muscles of boys with a hernia or undescended testis.
65  cytokine mixture
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
iNOS (8 times)
NO (6 times)
LPS (4 times)
1998 Cytokine-mediated transcriptional induction of the human inducible nitric oxide synthase gene requires both activator protein 1 and nuclear factor kappaB-binding sites.
66  camostat mesilate
(19 times)
Nephrology
(6 times)
ENaC (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1989 [Study on the trophic effect of camostate mesilate on ethionine-induced pancreatic injury rat].
67  carboxymethylated
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
ASPs (2 times)
ALKP (1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
1975 [Selected carboxymethylation of ferri-hemoglobin from insect larvae Chironomus thummi thummi].
68  Carcinomatous meningitis
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
CSF (4 times)
EGFR (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
1995 Carcinomatous meningitis: clinical manifestations and management.
69  Cardiac memory
(19 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
LV (4 times)
VCG (4 times)
RVA (3 times)
1998 Evolution and resolution of long-term cardiac memory.
70  case manager
(19 times)
Health Services
(4 times)
UC (2 times)
ACDs (1 time)
ACP (1 time)
1997 Styles of case management: the philosophy and practice of case managers.
71  clinical management
(19 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
CBT (5 times)
IPT (5 times)
TSF (3 times)
1992 Course of depressive symptoms over follow-up. Findings from the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program.
72  congenital myopathies
(19 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CMD (3 times)
CNM (2 times)
DMD (2 times)
1985 Fibronectin, laminin, type I, III and IV collagens in Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, congenital muscular dystrophies and congenital myopathies: an immunocytochemical study.
73  contrast-modulated
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
LM (13 times)
CE (1 time)
IC (1 time)
1989 On the mechanism that encodes the movement of contrast variations: velocity discrimination.
74  conventional management
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
ET (4 times)
ROP (4 times)
ECMO (2 times)
2000 Respiratory function in survivors of the United Kingdom Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Trial.
75  cardiac myxoma
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
AEG-1 (2 times)
IGF-1 (2 times)
MEF2D (2 times)
1977 An ultrastructural study of seven cardiac myxomas.
76  codling moth
(18 times)
Science
(4 times)
CpGV (3 times)
MD (3 times)
AFB1 (1 time)
2000 In vitro metabolism of aflatoxin B1 by larvae of navel orangeworm, Amyelois transitella (Walker) (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) and codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Tortricidae).
77  community mobilization
(18 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
DDEs (3 times)
FSWs (3 times)
IPC (3 times)
2003 Changing community behaviour: experience from three African countries.
78  Constant-Murley
(18 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
DASH (3 times)
VAS (3 times)
RC (2 times)
2008 [Surgical management of proximal humeral fractures using the Hackethal (Zifko) method--a case review].
79  control males
(18 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
CF (5 times)
FM (3 times)
CVD (2 times)
1987 Metabolic effects of short-term fasting in obese hyperglycaemic humans and mice.
80  Cordyceps militaris
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
ALI (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
CaCC (1 time)
2004 Effect of medicinal plant extracts on forced swimming capacity in mice.
81  medium conditioned
(18 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
bFGF (2 times)
DRG (2 times)
AF (1 time)
1985 Detection of synergistic factor and interleukin-3 activity in the serum and ascites fluid of mice bearing the WEHI-3 tumour.
82  continuous milking
(17 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
MEC (3 times)
bST (2 times)
DP (2 times)
2003 Reduction of blood pressure response during strength training through intermittent muscle relaxations.
83  Camel milk
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
SOD (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
GM (2 times)
2009 Quality and acceptability of a set-type yogurt made from camel milk.
84  cimetidine
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
PB (4 times)
Sc (3 times)
CP (2 times)
1979 Synergistic actions of propantheline bromide with cimetidine and thiopropazate hydrochloride in the prevention of stress ulcer formation in rats.
85  complete hydatidiform mole
(16 times)
Pathology
(11 times)
PM (13 times)
HM (5 times)
HA (4 times)
1989 The biology of tetraploid hydatidiform moles: histopathology, cytogenetics, and flow cytometry.
86  consistent mapping
(16 times)
Psychology
(16 times)
VM (10 times)
AAR (2 times)
CHI (2 times)
1982 Automatic and controlled attention processes in auditory target detection.
87  carbonaceous materials
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
PAHs (3 times)
HOCs (2 times)
TCE (2 times)
2003 On the characterization of disordered and heterogeneous carbonaceous materials by Raman spectroscopy.
88  chondrogenic medium
(15 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
MSCs (4 times)
GDF5 (3 times)
ASCs (2 times)
2005 Do adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells have the same osteogenic and chondrogenic potential as bone marrow-derived cells?
89  countermeasure
(15 times)
Psychophysiology
(5 times)
HDT (3 times)
CTP (2 times)
HDBR (2 times)
1994 Reduced spontaneous baroreflex response slope during lower body negative pressure after 28 days of head-down bed rest.
90  cryptococcal meningoencephalitis
(15 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
CSF (5 times)
MRI (3 times)
HIV (2 times)
1989 Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis presenting transient focal cerebral symptoms.
91  cynomolgus monkey
(15 times)
Virology
(5 times)
HIV-1 (4 times)
HIV-2 (4 times)
CA (3 times)
2004 B-cell subsets in blood and lymphoid organs in Macaca fascicularis.
92  coccidioidal meningitis
(14 times)
Communicable Diseases
(6 times)
CSF (4 times)
CNS (2 times)
ABLC (1 time)
1988 Imidazole therapy of coccidioidal meningitis in children.
93  Coccidioidomycosis
(14 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
ASP (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
EIAs (1 time)
2000 Coccidioidomycosis in travelers returning from Mexico--Pennsylvania, 2000.
94  crude membrane
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
PM (2 times)
VSV (2 times)
3-O-MFPase (1 time)
1975 Distinction between tumor-specific transplantation antigen and virion antigens in solubilized products from membranes of virus-induced leukemic cells.
95  carbamate
(13 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
OP (10 times)
AChE (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2007 Cholinesterase-based dipstick assay for the detection of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides.
96  cardiac mucosa
(13 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
OCM (4 times)
CLE (3 times)
IM (3 times)
2000 Definition of histopathologic changes in gastroesophageal reflux disease.
97  centromedian thalamic nucleus
(13 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
LGS (3 times)
aCSF (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1987 Electrical stimulation of the centromedian thalamic nucleus in the treatment of convulsive seizures: a preliminary report.
98  cardiac muscle
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
SM (5 times)
TG (3 times)
AT (2 times)
1999 Induced mutant mouse lines that express lipoprotein lipase in cardiac muscle, but not in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue, have normal plasma triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels.
99  Certification Maintenance
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
COC (12 times)
2005 Continuing Education-"The Action Level".
100  clarithromycin
(12 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
MTX (2 times)
RA (2 times)
RV (2 times)
1999 A multicenter study on eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with duodenal ulcer by lansoprazole-antibiotics combined therapy.