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Abbreviation: CM
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Long forms: 1742

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
conditioned medium
(2931 times)
Neoplasms
(467 times)
MSCs (198 times)
VEGF (118 times)
IL (104 times)
1973 A conditioned medium (CM) factor produced by chondrocytes that promotes their own differentiation.
contrast media
(866 times)
Radiology
(415 times)
CIN (107 times)
CT (57 times)
CI-AKI (37 times)
1981 Determination of lethal dose in a protozoa: screening of contrast media toxicity.
Chinese medicine
(589 times)
Complementary Therapies
(495 times)
WM (64 times)
RA (22 times)
IM (21 times)
1999 MMPI manifestations of Chinese migraine syndromes: a control study.
cerebral malaria
(579 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(105 times)
ECM (64 times)
PbA (63 times)
UM (44 times)
1985 Antibodies against malaria sporozoites in patients with acute uncomplicated malaria and patients with cerebral malaria.
chronic migraine
(479 times)
Neurology
(386 times)
EM (105 times)
MOH (39 times)
CDH (34 times)
2001 Hypothalamic involvement in chronic migraine.
cochlear microphonic
(390 times)
Audiology
(169 times)
CAP (111 times)
EP (64 times)
SP (63 times)
1972 [Changes in cochlear microphonics (CM) due to administration of NaCl to the cochlear window: comparison of the results with pretreatment with various other drugs].
cardiomyocyte
(368 times)
Cardiology
(75 times)
MI (28 times)
NO (18 times)
CF (12 times)
1994 Identification of myocarditogenic peptides derived from cardiac myosin capable of inducing experimental allergic myocarditis in the Lewis rat. The utility of a class II binding motif in selecting self-reactive peptides.
contingency management
(366 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(197 times)
CBT (44 times)
CO (15 times)
LDA (13 times)
1996 Contingency management for tobacco smoking in methadone-maintained opiate addicts.
cutaneous melanoma
(352 times)
Neoplasms
(145 times)
CI (34 times)
UM (30 times)
OR (21 times)
1985 Risk for cutaneous melanoma in recent Connecticut birth cohorts.
10  cardiomyopathy
(236 times)
Cardiology
(96 times)
LV (31 times)
HF (14 times)
CHD (12 times)
1975 [Autoantibodies against heartmuscle sarcolemma in sera of patients with an idiopathic cardiomyopathy (author's transl)].
11  cryptococcal meningitis
(232 times)
Communicable Diseases
(65 times)
CSF (69 times)
HIV (37 times)
CrAg (30 times)
1995 Antibodies to the Cryptococcus neoformans capsular glucuronoxylomannan are ubiquitous in serum from HIV+ and HIV- individuals.
12  childhood maltreatment
(228 times)
Psychiatry
(60 times)
IPV (19 times)
CTQ (15 times)
MDD (12 times)
2000 The impact of physician training on child maltreatment reporting: a multi-specialty study.
13  cow's milk
(225 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(136 times)
CMA (52 times)
OIT (21 times)
SPT (20 times)
1985 Intestinal cow's milk allergy.
14  clinical mastitis
(198 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(165 times)
SCC (40 times)
SCM (22 times)
SCS (14 times)
1998 Use of clinical parameters for differentiation of gram-positive and gram-negative mastitis in dairy cows vaccinated against lipopolysaccharide core antigens.
15  chylomicrons
(159 times)
Biochemistry
(32 times)
VLDL (62 times)
TG (55 times)
LDL (25 times)
1979 Quantitation of the transfer of surface phospholipid of chylomicrons to the high density lipoprotein fraction during the catabolism of chylomicrons in the rat.
16  case management
(158 times)
Nursing
(36 times)
ED (7 times)
CI (6 times)
UC (6 times)
1988 An evaluation of Utah's primary care case management program for Medicaid recipients.
17  center of mass
(156 times)
Physiology
(39 times)
CP (10 times)
UCM (5 times)
APA (4 times)
1980 Experimental evidence of a strategy for a beat swing prior to a kip.
18  complementary medicine
(149 times)
Complementary Therapies
(49 times)
QOL (6 times)
IP (5 times)
ALSWH (4 times)
1995 Complementary medicine: common misconceptions.
19  Chiari malformation
(127 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
SM (32 times)
CKCS (16 times)
MRI (15 times)
1993 [Arnold-Chiari malformation in adults. Development of diagnostic conditions since the availability of MRI].
20  conventional medicine
(105 times)
Complementary Therapies
(15 times)
CAM (18 times)
RCTs (6 times)
AM (5 times)
1977 Reduction of unexpected, life-threatening events in postoperative cardiac surgical patients; the role of computerized surveillance.
21  canola meal
(104 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(86 times)
SBM (48 times)
SID (18 times)
CP (16 times)
1988 Biotin bioavailability of protein supplements and cereal grains for starting turkey poults.
22  confocal microscopy
(98 times)
Ophthalmology
(33 times)
SEM (13 times)
AFM (6 times)
OCT (5 times)
1996 Application of in vivo confocal microscopy to the understanding of surfactant-induced ocular irritation.
23  carboxymethyl
(96 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
DEAE (10 times)
SDS-PAGE (8 times)
HPLC (4 times)
1969 Studies on the prekallikrein (kallikreinogen)--kallikrein enzyme system of human plasma. I. Isolation and purification of plasma kallikreins.
24  cavernous malformation
(95 times)
Neurosurgery
(43 times)
AVM (13 times)
DVA (10 times)
MRI (7 times)
1993 Intraventricular cavernous malformation associated with medullary venous malformation.
25  culture medium
(89 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
EGF (4 times)
FF (4 times)
CC (3 times)
1981 Glial-released proteins: II. Two-dimensional electrophoretic identification of proteins regulated by hydrocortisone.
26  chicken manure
(84 times)
Environmental Health
(49 times)
SS (14 times)
CS (10 times)
PM (9 times)
2001 Batch co-digestion of multi-component agro-wastes.
27  circular muscle
(84 times)
Physiology
(35 times)
LM (43 times)
ICC (10 times)
EFS (7 times)
1984 Mechanical and electrical activity of esophageal smooth muscle during peristalsis.
28  centromedian
(82 times)
Neurology
(35 times)
Pf (20 times)
VL (15 times)
CL (13 times)
1968 Thalamic projection of muscle nerve afferents in the cat.
29  cross-metathesis
(76 times)
Chemistry
(38 times)
RCM (18 times)
ROMP (9 times)
ROCM (3 times)
2001 Kinetically controlled cross-metathesis reactions with high E-olefin selectivities.
30  collagen membrane
(73 times)
Dentistry
(53 times)
DBBM (13 times)
GBR (13 times)
CAL (10 times)
2002 Comparison of calcium alginate film with collagen membrane for guided bone regeneration in mandibular defects in rabbits.
31  cytoplasmic membrane
(72 times)
Microbiology
(23 times)
OM (30 times)
PG (7 times)
ICM (6 times)
1981 Penicillin-binding proteins of Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides and their membrane localization.
32  contrast material
(66 times)
Radiology
(42 times)
CTA (11 times)
CT (8 times)
HU (7 times)
1986 [Contrast media in angiography: present and future].
33  cervical mucus
(64 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(47 times)
CC (7 times)
PCT (7 times)
BCM (4 times)
1975 Antibodies to spermatozoa. V. Antibody activity in human cervical mucus.
34  corticomotoneuronal
(63 times)
Neurology
(38 times)
EMG (17 times)
PSF (10 times)
RM (6 times)
1976 The development of motor control in the rhesus monkey: evidence concerning the role of corticomotoneuronal connections.
35  cell membrane
(59 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
CW (10 times)
DAP (8 times)
MRSA (7 times)
1974 Protein fraction with immunogenic potential and low toxicity isolated from the cell wall of Neisseria meningitidis group B.
36  cisterna magna
(59 times)
Obstetrics
(12 times)
CSF (16 times)
SAH (8 times)
IT (7 times)
1982 A further study of the cardiovascular responses to central administration of acetylcholine in rats.
37  collagen matrix
(59 times)
Dentistry
(42 times)
CTG (13 times)
CAF (12 times)
SCTG (8 times)
1984 Evaluation of transected spinal cord regeneration in the rat.
38  congenital malformations
(59 times)
Public Health
(9 times)
CI (4 times)
ART (3 times)
CH (2 times)
1977 Congenital malformations in diabetic offspring.
39  cutaneous mastocytosis
(59 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(18 times)
SM (26 times)
MCs (10 times)
ISM (7 times)
2001 Clinical and histopathological aspects of cutaneous mastocytosis.
40  central memory
(57 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(15 times)
EM (37 times)
cART (4 times)
GVHD (4 times)
2004 Age-associated change in the frequency of memory CD4+ T cells impairs long term CD4+ T cell responses to influenza vaccine.
41  chorismate mutase
(56 times)
Biochemistry
(19 times)
PDT (4 times)
Phe (4 times)
cat (3 times)
1988 Purification and characterization of an inducible aromatic amino acid-sensitive form of chorismate mutase from Solanum tuberosum L. tubers.
42  ciliary muscle
(52 times)
Ophthalmology
(46 times)
TM (31 times)
IOP (11 times)
AC (3 times)
1986 Quantitative analysis of 'plaque material' between ciliary muscle tips in normal- and glaucomatous eyes.
43  cattle manure
(50 times)
Environmental Health
(30 times)
FW (5 times)
VS (5 times)
HRT (3 times)
2006 Composting of a solid olive-mill by-product ("alperujo") and the potential of the resulting compost for cultivating pepper under commercial conditions.
44  conservative management
(50 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
CI (4 times)
CT (4 times)
SIJ (4 times)
2005 Prenatal diagnosis and management of intrauterine growth restriction: A long-term prospective study on outcome and maternal stress.
45  cervical myelopathy
(46 times)
Orthopedics
(16 times)
MRI (9 times)
DTI (5 times)
JOA (4 times)
1990 Ataxia in Swedish warmblood and standardbred horses. A radiologic and pathology study.
46  cochlear microphonic potential
(44 times)
Otolaryngology
(19 times)
CAP (8 times)
EP (8 times)
SP (4 times)
1975 [Evoked response audiometry of the guinea pig before and after drop in hearing induced by furosemid (author's transl)].
47  cardiometabolic
(43 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
WC (7 times)
BMI (5 times)
MetS (5 times)
2009 [Vitamins and minerals with antioxidant properties and cardiometabolic risk: controversies and perspectives].
48  cow manure
(40 times)
Environmental Health
(19 times)
PM (7 times)
FW (5 times)
VS (4 times)
2008 Dehydrogenase activity in Lumbricus terrestris casts and surrounding soil affected by addition of different organic wastes and Zn.
49  calmodulin
(39 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
MLCKase (8 times)
PDE (5 times)
TFP (4 times)
1980 Activation of skeletal muscle myosin light chain kinase by calcium(2+) and calmodulin.
50  complete medium
(38 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
LAK (4 times)
MM (4 times)
NK (4 times)
1975 A comparison of chromosomal radiosensitivities of somatic cells of mouse and man.
51  conus medullaris
(38 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
MRI (4 times)
DS (3 times)
FT (3 times)
1996 [Syringomyelia, scoliosis and idiopathic Arnold-Chiari malformations: a common etiology].
52  cuticular membrane
(36 times)
Botany
(17 times)
SCL (3 times)
BSEP (2 times)
CL (2 times)
1976 Water permeability of isolated cuticular membranes: The effect of cuticular waxes on diffusion of water.
53  cerebral metastases
(34 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
HGG (4 times)
FL (3 times)
SCCs (3 times)
1991 [A descriptive study of 105 patients with cerebral metastasis].
54  chloroform-methanol
(34 times)
Virology
(6 times)
C.b (4 times)
i.p (4 times)
TCAE (3 times)
1977 Studies on membrane receptor sites for serotonin in the brain.
55  choroidal melanoma
(33 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
BT (4 times)
OCT (3 times)
AJCC (2 times)
2005 Improved pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and necrosis in vivo using a new near infra-red photosensitizer: tetrahydroporphyrin tetratosylat.
56  conjunctival melanoma
(33 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
UM (4 times)
MMC (3 times)
HR (2 times)
2007 Prognostic significance of histopathology of primary conjunctival melanoma in Caucasians.
57  concept mapping
(32 times)
Education
(7 times)
PBL (3 times)
e-cig (2 times)
ECIGs (2 times)
2005 Stress among allogeneic bone marrow transplantation patients.
58  centromedian nucleus
(31 times)
Neurology
(18 times)
MD (7 times)
DBS (5 times)
CL (3 times)
1983 Connections of the mesencephalic locomotor region (MLR) II. Afferents and efferents.
59  curcumin
(30 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
NPs (3 times)
VDR (3 times)
mPEG (2 times)
2009 Characterization and cytotoxicity of self-organized assemblies of curcumin and amphiphatic poly(ethylene glycol).
60  capillary malformation
(29 times)
Dermatology
(13 times)
AVM (5 times)
AVF (4 times)
LM (4 times)
2002 Locus for susceptibility for familial capillary malformation ('port-wine stain') maps to 5q.
61  carrier multiplication
(29 times)
Nanotechnology
(10 times)
NCs (7 times)
MEG (3 times)
QDs (3 times)
2007 Carrier multiplication in InAs nanocrystal quantum dots with an onset defined by the energy conservation limit.
62  complete mole
(29 times)
Gynecology
(16 times)
PM (24 times)
GTD (7 times)
HA (5 times)
1996 Clinicopathologic study of tetraploid hydropic villous tissues.
63  cardiac myxoma
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
AEG-1 (2 times)
IGF-1 (2 times)
MEF2D (2 times)
1977 An ultrastructural study of seven cardiac myxomas.
64  Constant-Murley
(28 times)
Orthopedics
(16 times)
ASES (6 times)
VAS (5 times)
ROM (4 times)
2008 [Surgical management of proximal humeral fractures using the Hackethal (Zifko) method--a case review].
65  CarboMedics
(27 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
SJM (11 times)
MH (4 times)
MVR (4 times)
1992 Carbomedics and St. Jude Medical bileaflet valves: an in vitro and in vivo comparison.
66  case manager
(26 times)
Nursing
(5 times)
J-CHiP (2 times)
UC (2 times)
ACDs (1 time)
1997 Styles of case management: the philosophy and practice of case managers.
67  conventional management
(26 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
ET (4 times)
ROP (4 times)
CD (2 times)
2000 Respiratory function in survivors of the United Kingdom Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Trial.
68  community mobilization
(25 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
IPC (8 times)
MM (6 times)
DDEs (4 times)
2003 Changing community behaviour: experience from three African countries.
69  camel milk
(24 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
SOD (4 times)
ALD (2 times)
CAT (2 times)
2009 Quality and acceptability of a set-type yogurt made from camel milk.
70  Cardiac memory
(24 times)
Cardiology
(20 times)
LV (5 times)
RVA (4 times)
VCG (4 times)
1998 Evolution and resolution of long-term cardiac memory.
71  congenital myopathies
(24 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
CMD (3 times)
CNM (3 times)
DMD (2 times)
1985 Fibronectin, laminin, type I, III and IV collagens in Duchenne's muscular dystrophy, congenital muscular dystrophies and congenital myopathies: an immunocytochemical study.
72  cryptococcal meningoencephalitis
(24 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CSF (7 times)
MRI (5 times)
HIV (4 times)
1989 Cryptococcal meningoencephalitis presenting transient focal cerebral symptoms.
73  codling moth
(23 times)
Science
(4 times)
CpGV (4 times)
MD (3 times)
SNPs (2 times)
2000 In vitro metabolism of aflatoxin B1 by larvae of navel orangeworm, Amyelois transitella (Walker) (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) and codling moth, Cydia pomonella (L.) (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Tortricidae).
74  cremaster muscle
(23 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
GFN (4 times)
EMG (3 times)
CGRP (2 times)
1998 Contractility and electrophysiological parameters of cremaster muscles of boys with a hernia or undescended testis.
75  carboxymethylated
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
ASPs (2 times)
ALKP (1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
1975 [Selected carboxymethylation of ferri-hemoglobin from insect larvae Chironomus thummi thummi].
76  cytokine mixture
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
iNOS (8 times)
NO (6 times)
LPS (4 times)
1998 Cytokine-mediated transcriptional induction of the human inducible nitric oxide synthase gene requires both activator protein 1 and nuclear factor kappaB-binding sites.
77  clinical management
(21 times)
Psychiatry
(11 times)
CBT (5 times)
IPT (5 times)
GPT (3 times)
1992 Course of depressive symptoms over follow-up. Findings from the National Institute of Mental Health Treatment of Depression Collaborative Research Program.
78  control males
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
CF (5 times)
FM (3 times)
CVD (2 times)
1987 Metabolic effects of short-term fasting in obese hyperglycaemic humans and mice.
79  Cordyceps militaris
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
iNOS (2 times)
NO (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2004 Effect of medicinal plant extracts on forced swimming capacity in mice.
80  Carcinomatous meningitis
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(10 times)
CSF (4 times)
EGFR (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
1995 Carcinomatous meningitis: clinical manifestations and management.
81  Coccidioidomycosis
(20 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
AGID (1 time)
ASP (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
2000 Coccidioidomycosis in travelers returning from Mexico--Pennsylvania, 2000.
82  continuous manufacturing
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(18 times)
NIR (3 times)
PAT (3 times)
RTD (3 times)
2015 Achieving continuous manufacturing: technologies and approaches for synthesis, workup, and isolation of drug substance. May 20-21, 2014 Continuous Manufacturing Symposium.
83  contrast-modulated
(20 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
LM (14 times)
CE (1 time)
IC (1 time)
1989 On the mechanism that encodes the movement of contrast variations: velocity discrimination.
84  camostat mesilate
(19 times)
Nephrology
(6 times)
ENaC (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1989 [Study on the trophic effect of camostate mesilate on ethionine-induced pancreatic injury rat].
85  countermeasure
(19 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
HDBR (3 times)
HDT (3 times)
CON (2 times)
1994 Reduced spontaneous baroreflex response slope during lower body negative pressure after 28 days of head-down bed rest.
86  continuous milking
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
MEC (3 times)
bST (2 times)
DP (2 times)
2003 Reduction of blood pressure response during strength training through intermittent muscle relaxations.
87  medium conditioned
(18 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
bFGF (2 times)
DRG (2 times)
AF (1 time)
1985 Detection of synergistic factor and interleukin-3 activity in the serum and ascites fluid of mice bearing the WEHI-3 tumour.
88  cimetidine
(17 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
PB (4 times)
Sc (3 times)
CP (2 times)
1979 Synergistic actions of propantheline bromide with cimetidine and thiopropazate hydrochloride in the prevention of stress ulcer formation in rats.
89  coccidioidal meningitis
(17 times)
Communicable Diseases
(7 times)
CSF (4 times)
CNS (2 times)
ABLC (1 time)
1988 Imidazole therapy of coccidioidal meningitis in children.
90  consistent mapping
(17 times)
Psychology
(17 times)
VM (11 times)
AAR (2 times)
CHI (2 times)
1982 Automatic and controlled attention processes in auditory target detection.
91  carbamate
(16 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
OP (13 times)
AChE (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2007 Cholinesterase-based dipstick assay for the detection of organophosphate and carbamate pesticides.
92  chondrogenic medium
(16 times)
Biotechnology
(6 times)
MSCs (4 times)
ECM (3 times)
GDF5 (3 times)
2005 Do adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells have the same osteogenic and chondrogenic potential as bone marrow-derived cells?
93  citrulline malate
(16 times)
Physical Education and Training
(4 times)
PL (4 times)
BP (2 times)
GVT (2 times)
2002 Citrulline/malate promotes aerobic energy production in human exercising muscle.
94  complete hydatidiform mole
(16 times)
Pathology
(11 times)
PM (13 times)
HM (5 times)
HA (4 times)
1989 The biology of tetraploid hydatidiform moles: histopathology, cytogenetics, and flow cytometry.
95  corticomedullary
(16 times)
Abdomen
(6 times)
NG (5 times)
ccRCC (4 times)
AUC (3 times)
1991 The kidney of tapirs: a macroscopical study.
96  carbonaceous materials
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
PAHs (3 times)
HACA (2 times)
HOCs (2 times)
2003 On the characterization of disordered and heterogeneous carbonaceous materials by Raman spectroscopy.
97  creatine monohydrate
(15 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
PL (3 times)
CEE (2 times)
LOV (2 times)
2001 Creatine-dextrose and protein-dextrose induce similar strength gains during training.
98  Cyclic meditation
(15 times)
Yoga
(4 times)
SR (8 times)
ATTA (1 time)
AVLT (1 time)
2000 Oxygen consumption and respiration following two yoga relaxation techniques.
99  cynomolgus monkey
(15 times)
Virology
(5 times)
HIV-1 (4 times)
HIV-2 (4 times)
CA (3 times)
2004 B-cell subsets in blood and lymphoid organs in Macaca fascicularis.
100  centromedian thalamic nucleus
(14 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
LGS (4 times)
DBS (2 times)
fMRI (2 times)
1987 Electrical stimulation of the centromedian thalamic nucleus in the treatment of convulsive seizures: a preliminary report.