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Abbreviation: CN
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cognitively normal
(405 times)
Neurology
(180 times)
AD (247 times)
MCI (177 times)
aMCI (55 times)
1989 Nutritional status of free-living Alzheimer's patients.
calcineurin
(342 times)
Biochemistry
(99 times)
CsA (60 times)
NFAT (40 times)
CNA (27 times)
1986 Modulation of calcineurin phosphotyrosyl protein phosphatase activity by calmodulin and protease treatment.
caudate nucleus
(336 times)
Neurology
(114 times)
SN (63 times)
DA (41 times)
GP (25 times)
1975 Responses of fastigial nucleus neurones to stimulation of the caudate nucleus in the cat.
cochlear nucleus
(329 times)
Neurology
(127 times)
IC (62 times)
DCN (32 times)
SOC (30 times)
1975 Fine structure and distribution of axon terminals from the cochlear nucleus on neurons in the medial superior olivary nucleus of the cat.
cranial nerve
(272 times)
Neurosurgery
(88 times)
MRI (24 times)
NPC (10 times)
CPA (9 times)
1987 The incidence of extraocular muscle and cranial nerve palsy in orbital floor blow-out fractures.
copy number
(253 times)
Neoplasms
(64 times)
CNV (21 times)
LOH (19 times)
CNVs (14 times)
1993 Mutations in the gene encoding the replication-initiation protein of plasmid RK2 produce elevated copy numbers of RK2 derivatives in Escherichia coli and distantly related bacteria.
cyanide
(191 times)
Toxicology
(43 times)
CO (13 times)
AOX (12 times)
2-DG (11 times)
1970 Evidence for an electrogenic ion transport pump in cells of higher plants.
control
(154 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(19 times)
ID (20 times)
SZ (18 times)
AD (11 times)
1989 Interactions of iron deficiency and exercise training in male Sprague-Dawley rats: ferrokinetics and hematology.
cavernous nerve
(125 times)
Urology
(72 times)
ED (51 times)
ICP (38 times)
SHH (18 times)
1991 Maintenance of erection of penile glans, but not penile body, after transection of rat cavernous nerves.
10  cytoreductive nephrectomy
(105 times)
Urology
(58 times)
mRCC (65 times)
OS (48 times)
CI (17 times)
2006 Laparoscopic cytoreductive nephrectomy: the M. D. Anderson Cancer Center experience.
11  carbon nitride
(104 times)
Chemistry
(53 times)
RhB (6 times)
DFT (3 times)
HER (3 times)
1999 [X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) of carbon nitride (CN) films].
12  Charcot neuroarthropathy
(95 times)
Orthopedics
(26 times)
DM (11 times)
DPN (4 times)
PN (4 times)
2004 [Early development of Charcot neuroarthropathy in the course of compensated diabetes mellitus--case report].
13  congenital nystagmus
(86 times)
Ophthalmology
(56 times)
MLN (5 times)
OKN (3 times)
SSN (3 times)
1975 Congenital nystagmus waveforms and foveation strategy.
14  casein
(82 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(46 times)
beta-LG (6 times)
SCC (4 times)
SPI (4 times)
1993 Serum antibody response elicited by a casein diet is directed to only limited determinants of alpha s1-casein.
15  coordination number
(79 times)
Chemistry
(44 times)
EXAFS (11 times)
XANES (7 times)
MD (6 times)
2000 Difference spatial distribution function analysis of aqueous solutions. III. Hydration structures of alcohol and ether solutions having straight chain and branched alkyl groups.
16  central neurocytoma
(64 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
GTR (5 times)
STR (4 times)
MRI (3 times)
1991 Neuroradiology of central neurocytoma.
17  cerebellar nuclei
(54 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
PC (10 times)
IO (8 times)
PCs (4 times)
1978 Electrophysiological studies of two types of thalamo-cortical neurones and their responses to stimulation of mesencephalic reticular formation.
18  cytogenetically normal
(53 times)
Neoplasms
(29 times)
AML (42 times)
OS (22 times)
CR (9 times)
2007 Long-term disease-free survivors with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia and MLL partial tandem duplication: a Cancer and Leukemia Group B study.
19  cochlear nerve
(44 times)
Otolaryngology
(22 times)
MRI (13 times)
CND (10 times)
IAC (10 times)
1980 Mechanical and neural interactions between binaurally applied sounds in cat cochlear nerve fibers.
20  congenital neutropenia
(44 times)
Hematology
(33 times)
G-CSF (12 times)
ANC (6 times)
AML (5 times)
1977 HLA-D compatibility between parent and child: increased occurrence in severe combined immunodeficiency and other hematopoietic diseases.
21  1-chloronaphthalene
(40 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
DIO (9 times)
DOP (9 times)
PCE (8 times)
1999 Poly(vinyl chloride)-based macrocyclic membrane sensors for magnesium.
22  cyclic neutropenia
(37 times)
Hematology
(19 times)
G-CSF (7 times)
SCN (6 times)
CH (2 times)
1975 Canine cyclic neutropenia: Erythropoietin and platelet cycles after bone marrow transplantation.
23  conformation number
(36 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
HI (14 times)
PTV (10 times)
VMAT (10 times)
2004 Quality of permanent prostate implants using automated delivery with seedSelectron versus manual insertion of RAPID Strands.
24  cyano
(35 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
BO (4 times)
SiN (3 times)
BT (2 times)
1987 Automated solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatographic determination of ranitidine from urine, plasma and peritoneal dialysate.
25  cystic nephroma
(35 times)
Pathology
(10 times)
MEST (9 times)
PPB (8 times)
CPDN (6 times)
1989 Multilocular cyst of the kidney (cystic nephroma) and cystic, partially differentiated nephroblastoma. Terminology and criteria for diagnosis.
26  cast nephropathy
(34 times)
Nephrology
(12 times)
MM (8 times)
AKI (5 times)
NAC (5 times)
1991 Persistent CT nephrogram: significance in the diagnosis of contrast nephropathy--an update.
27  beta-casein
(33 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(19 times)
ACE (3 times)
LG (3 times)
aa (2 times)
1997 Structural studies on casein micelles of human milk: dissociation of beta-casein of different phosphorylation levels induced by cooling and ethylenediaminetetraacetate.
28  control group
(33 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
TNF-alpha (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
DBP (2 times)
1995 Long-term ethanol exposure impairs glycosylation of both N- and O-glycosylated proteins in rat liver.
29  clinically normal
(32 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
AD (21 times)
MCI (12 times)
PiB (9 times)
2011 Amyloid-beta associated cortical thinning in clinically normal elderly.
30  1-chloroacetophenone
(29 times)
Toxicology
(10 times)
OC (4 times)
RCAs (2 times)
BALF (1 time)
1975 The comparative ophthalmic toxicology of 1-chloroacetophenone (CN) and dibenz(b.f)-1:4-oxazepine(CR).
31  cognitively normal older adults
(28 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
AD (24 times)
MCI (10 times)
aMCI (8 times)
2008 Atrophy rates accelerate in amnestic mild cognitive impairment.
32  central nucleus
(23 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
IC (7 times)
CS (5 times)
LN (3 times)
1981 Neurogenetic gradients in the superior and inferior colliculi of the rhesus monkey.
33  Crigler-Najjar
(23 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
B-UGT (4 times)
AAV (1 time)
AAVs (1 time)
1992 The novel bilirubin/phenol UDP-glucuronosyltransferase UGT1 gene locus: implications for multiple nonhemolytic familial hyperbilirubinemia phenotypes.
34  cyclic nucleotides
(22 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
PDE (3 times)
PG (3 times)
LC (2 times)
1982 Cyclic nucleotides in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with intracranial and spinal tumors.
35  cyanopropyl
(20 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
HPLC (5 times)
SPE (2 times)
AMI (1 time)
1984 Separation of some neutral lipids by normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography on a cyanopropyl column: ubiquinone, dolichol, and cholesterol levels in sheep liver.
36  communal nest
(17 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(8 times)
SN (11 times)
BDNF (3 times)
PAE (2 times)
2006 Early social enrichment augments adult hippocampal BDNF levels and survival of BrdU-positive cells while increasing anxiety- and "depression"-like behavior.
37  conformity number
(17 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
HI (9 times)
CI (8 times)
VMAT (8 times)
2011 Volumetric modulated arc planning for lung stereotactic body radiotherapy using conventional and unflattened photon beams: a dosimetric comparison with 3D technique.
38  alphaS1-casein
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(15 times)
LA (2 times)
alpha-LA (1 time)
ES (1 time)
1998 No evidence for basolateral secretion of milk protein in the mammary gland of lactating goats.
39  cognitively normal controls
(16 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AD (14 times)
MCI (10 times)
ADNI (2 times)
2011 Factors affecting Abeta plasma levels and their utility as biomarkers in ADNI.
40  cyano radical
(14 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
SiN (3 times)
HCCNSi (2 times)
AIMD (1 time)
2005 Short-time Fourier transform analysis of ab initio molecular dynamics simulation: collision reaction between CN and C4H6.
41  cetane number
(13 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(7 times)
FAME (4 times)
CFPP (3 times)
HHV (3 times)
2009 Environmentally friendly efficient coupling of n-heptane by sulfated tri-component metal oxides in slurry bubble column reactor.
42  cochlear nuclear complex
(13 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
NMDA (3 times)
APV (2 times)
D alpha AA (2 times)
1977 Descending connections between superior olivary and cochlear nuclear complexes in the cat studied by autoradiographic and horseradish peroxidase methods.
43  collagen
(13 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
FN (7 times)
LN (5 times)
ECM (2 times)
1988 Effect of polylysine-bound laminin on human retinoblastoma cell lines.
44  corneal neovascularization
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
VEGF (3 times)
AE (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
2001 Impact of short-term versus long-term topical steroids on corneal neovascularization after non-high-risk keratoplasty.
45  culture-negative
(13 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CP (8 times)
PJI (5 times)
Bp (1 time)
2003 Diagnostic testing and discharge coding for whooping cough in a children's hospital.
46  curve number
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
GIS (2 times)
L-THIA (2 times)
LEC (2 times)
1992 Derivation of unit and flood hydrographs using a gis.
47  kappa-casein
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
alpha-LA (3 times)
LG (2 times)
MCP (2 times)
1998 Micelle stability: kappa-casein structure and function.
48  cinnarizine
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
SNEDDS (3 times)
NIC (2 times)
beta-CD (1 time)
1990 [Application of gastric acidity-controlled beagle dog to bioavailability study of cinnarizine].
49  Clarke's nucleus
(12 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
NT-3 (3 times)
BDNF (2 times)
CNS (2 times)
1994 NMDA receptor blockade rescues Clarke's and red nucleus neurons after spinal hemisection.
50  coagulation necrosis
(12 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
CBN (3 times)
LTP (2 times)
RF (2 times)
1987 Quantitative analysis of contraction band and coagulation necrosis after ischemia and reperfusion in the porcine heart.
51  concentric needle
(12 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
MUAPs (5 times)
EMG (4 times)
MUs (2 times)
1988 EMG of reinnervated motor units: a simulation study.
52  congenital nevi
(12 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
SSM (2 times)
5-S-CD (1 time)
DSPOC (1 time)
1991 The management of congenital pigmented nevi.
53  contortrostatin
(12 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
BSA (1 time)
CF (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2001 A novel snake venom disintegrin that inhibits human ovarian cancer dissemination and angiogenesis in an orthotopic nude mouse model.
54  4-chloro-1-naphthol
(11 times)
Histocytochemistry
(4 times)
DAB (4 times)
HRP (4 times)
PAP (3 times)
1981 Unlabeled antibody peroxidase-antiperoxidase method combined with direct immunofluorescence.
55  cellulose nitrate
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CA (3 times)
LC (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
1980 [Medical radiography with fast neutrons (author's transl)].
56  cerium nitrate
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
CM (2 times)
SSD (2 times)
BPT (1 time)
1998 Comparative in vitro activity of silver sulfadiazine, alone and in combination with cerium nitrate, against staphylococci and gram-negative bacteria.
57  Crigler-Najjar syndrome
(11 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
UGT (3 times)
AAV (1 time)
AAV8 (1 time)
1992 Identification of a genetic alteration in the code for bilirubin UDP-glucuronosyltransferase in the UGT1 gene complex of a Crigler-Najjar type I patient.
58  calcified nodule
(10 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
OCT (5 times)
PR (5 times)
PCI (4 times)
2015 Biophysical analysis of dystrophic and osteogenic models of valvular calcification.
59  community nurses
(10 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
GP (2 times)
QOL (2 times)
AGB (1 time)
1999 The development and testing of information system for community nursing.
60  concentration
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AB-14 (2 times)
Co (2 times)
COD (2 times)
1985 Quantitative selection of denitrifying bacteria in continuous cultures and requirement for organic carbon. II. Maltose.
61  containing Fe
(10 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
CV (1 time)
EHCF (1 time)
EIS (1 time)
2003 The electronic structure and spectrum of Mo(CN)8(3-).
62  corn
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
DDGS (3 times)
DG (3 times)
CS (2 times)
2010 Prepartum dietary energy source fed to beef cows: I. Effects on pre- and postpartum cow performance.
63  current of Fe
(10 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CV (2 times)
BSA (1 time)
CF-PS-b-PMMA (1 time)
2004 Electrochemical characteristics of the immobilization of calf thymus DNA molecules on multi-walled carbon nanotubes.
64  carbon nanoparticle
(9 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
PGs (2 times)
PTC (2 times)
AASC (1 time)
2013 Protection of parathyroid function using carbon nanoparticles during thyroid surgery.
65  colloid nodules
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
FA (4 times)
HN (3 times)
ATC (2 times)
1994 [Preoperative cytodiagnosis by needle aspiration of follicular thyroid lesions].
66  carbon nanotube
(8 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
C-PSCs (1 time)
CEs (1 time)
2000 The cell biological application of carbon nanotube probes for atomic force microscopy: comparative studies of malaria-infected erythrocytes.
67  cellulose nanocrystals
(8 times)
Polysaccharides
(2 times)
AFM (2 times)
CNM (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2010 Nanofiber composites of polyvinyl alcohol and cellulose nanocrystals: manufacture and characterization.
68  chronic nephritis
(8 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CGN (2 times)
HBV (2 times)
HBV-GN (2 times)
1994 [The antiproteinuric action of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in chronic glomerulonephritis and diabetic nephropathy].
69  cirrhotic nodules
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
HCC (7 times)
DN (3 times)
NLT (3 times)
1989 State of hepatitis B viral genomes in cirrhotic and hepatocellular carcinoma nodules.
70  common naevi
(8 times)
Dermatology
(6 times)
DN (5 times)
5-S-CD (1 time)
AD (1 time)
1986 Malignant melanoma--its precursors and its topography of proliferation. DNA-Feulgen-cytophotometry and mitosis index.
71  cortical necrosis
(8 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
ADC (1 time)
AR (1 time)
ATN (1 time)
1982 Different functional characteristics of residual nephrons in infantile vs adult diffuse cortical necrosis.
72  cell number
(7 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
HCA (2 times)
MMP (2 times)
MR (2 times)
1996 Noninvasive dopamine determination by reversed phase HPLC in the medium of free-floating roller tube cultures of rat fetal ventral mesencephalon: a tool to assess dopaminergic tissue prior to grafting.
73  cervical neoplasia
(7 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
NCN (2 times)
AGC (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
1992 Association between HIV infection and cervical neoplasia: implications for clinical care of women at risk for both conditions.
74  Co(n)
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CuCN (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
TDDFT (1 time)
2002 Metal Cyanide Ions Mx(CN)y]+,- in the gas phase: M = Fe, Co, Ni, Zn, Cd, Hg, Fe + Ag, Co + Ag.
75  coagulase-negative
(7 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CP (3 times)
MIC (2 times)
BFMR (1 time)
1981 Characterization of staphylococci isolated from goats. 2. Differentiation from human strains: fibrinolytic activities and beta-haemolysin production.
76  condensation nuclei
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
CCN (3 times)
BC (2 times)
ACHEX (1 time)
2001 Source regions for atmospheric aerosol measured at Barrow, Alaska.
77  contrast-induced nephropathy
(7 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
SCr (2 times)
ARI (1 time)
AZ (1 time)
2002 The role of theophylline in contrast-induced nephropathy: a case-control study.
78  corn oil
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CA (6 times)
OL (5 times)
RO (4 times)
1989 Combined effects of aerobic exercise and omega-3 fatty acids in hyperlipidemic persons.
79  carbon number
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
ECN (2 times)
GC (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2002 Variability in fatty acid and triacylglycerol composition of the oil of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) hybrids and their parentals.
80  chemonucleolysis
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
APD (1 time)
APLD (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
1985 Prospective evaluation of chymopapain sensitivity in patients undergoing chemonucleolysis.
81  chitosan
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
SEM (3 times)
FTIR (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2014 Pearl shaped highly sensitive Mn3O4 nanocomposite interface for biosensor applications.
82  chitosan nanoparticles
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
5-ALA (1 time)
AC (1 time)
APTT (1 time)
2009 Colorectal cancer cell detection by 5-aminolaevulinic acid-loaded chitosan nano-particles.
83  chromosome number
(6 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
GTBM (1 time)
ICNH (1 time)
MCs (1 time)
2011 Chromosome number variation in two antipodean floras.
84  chronic nasopharyngitis
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
NPC (6 times)
AUC (2 times)
ANAE (1 time)
1986 [Immunohistochemical and cytochemical analysis of lymphocytes and plasma cells in nasopharyngeal carcinoma].
85  clinical nutrition
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
app (1 time)
CE (1 time)
EBM (1 time)
2001 Clinical nutrition: inadequate teaching in medical schools.
86  cognition
(6 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
MCI (6 times)
AD (3 times)
ADNI (3 times)
2017 Measurement of Functional Cognition and Complex Everyday Activities in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment and Mild Dementia: Validity of the Large Allen's Cognitive Level Screen.
87  cognitively normal individuals
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (4 times)
MCI (3 times)
AIBL (1 time)
2006 Extent and distribution of white matter hyperintensities in normal aging, MCI, and AD.
88  colorectal neoplasia
(6 times)
Epidemiology
(2 times)
CBC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2012 Type 2 diabetes mellitus and gender-specific risk for colorectal neoplasia.
89  concentration of Fe
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
ea (1 time)
FAD-GDH (1 time)
GOD (1 time)
1981 Kinetic data for redox reactions of cytochrome c with Fe(CN)5X complexes and the question of association prior to electron transfer.
90  Connectedness to Nature
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CFA (1 time)
CG (1 time)
CH (1 time)
2012 Are nature lovers happy? On various indicators of well-being and connectedness with nature.
91  constant for Fe
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
2,6-AQDS (1 time)
FAD-GDH (1 time)
GC (1 time)
1975 Binding of Au(CN)2- and Pt(CN)4-2- to horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase. A 35C1NMR relaxation study.
92  control subjects
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PAHs (2 times)
8-OHdG (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2012 The evaluation of the oxidative state of low-density lipoproteins in intrauterine growth restriction and preeclampsia.
93  corticosterone
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
OS (4 times)
CBG (3 times)
NWL (3 times)
1987 Disturbed immune-endocrine communication in autoimmune disease. Lack of corticosterone response to immune signals in obese strain chickens with spontaneous autoimmune thyroiditis.
94  L-carnitine
(6 times)
Biology
(2 times)
BWG (2 times)
AF (1 time)
alpha-TOH (1 time)
1994 Effect of L-carnitine and acylcarnitine derivatives on the proliferation and monoclonal antibody production of mouse hybridoma cells in culture.
95  omega-chloroacetophenone
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
CS (1 time)
TGA (1 time)
1972 Sensitization of guinea pigs to alpha-chloroacetophenone (CN) and ortho-chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile (CS), tear gas chemicals.
96  central nucleus of the amygdala
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CEA (1 time)
CS (1 time)
NAcore (1 time)
1987 Cardiovascular and phrenic nerve responses to stimulation of the amygdala central nucleus in the anaesthetized rabbit.
97  centrilobular necrosis
(5 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
AIH (3 times)
ACR (1 time)
OLT (1 time)
1990 Persistent centrilobular necroses in hepatic allografts.
98  chemotherapy-naive
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CR (2 times)
AA (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2008 Cardiovascular risk in long-term survivors of testicular cancer.
99  Chiari network
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
EV (3 times)
ICE (2 times)
PFO (2 times)
2008 Persistent venous valves correlate with increased shunt and multiple preceding cryptogenic embolic events in patients with patent foramen ovale: an intracardiac echocardiographic study.
100  China
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
EE (2 times)
IN (2 times)
KS (2 times)
2010 Does epigenetic polymorphism contribute to phenotypic variances in Jatropha curcas L.?