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Abbreviation: CND
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
central neck dissection
(137 times)
General Surgery
(64 times)
PTC (65 times)
TT (27 times)
PTMC (12 times)
2004 Medullary thyroid carcinoma. Genetic screening and prophylactic thyroidectomies.
cochlear nerve deficiency
(44 times)
Otolaryngology
(26 times)
CI (16 times)
MRI (11 times)
IAC (10 times)
2007 Value of computed tomography in the evaluation of children with cochlear nerve deficiency.
compartment neck dissection
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
PTC (5 times)
SNB (4 times)
ETE (2 times)
2006 Is intraoperative touch imprint cytology of sentinel lymph nodes in patients with breast cancer cost effective?
comprehensive neck dissection
(12 times)
Otolaryngology
(7 times)
SND (10 times)
SCC (3 times)
ECS (2 times)
1998 The relationship of cervical lymph node metastases to primary sites of carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract: a pathological study.
chronic neurological diseases
(11 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MS (2 times)
ALS (1 time)
BPPV (1 time)
1996 [Policy for children with chronic neurological diseases].
chronic non-communicable diseases
(8 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
AH (1 time)
CATI (1 time)
E.S.E (1 time)
1985 [Risk factors in chronic noninfectious diseases among the population of the Lithuanian SSR].
carbon nanodots
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
CE (1 time)
HC-PCF (1 time)
MSCs (1 time)
2015 Carbon Nanodots: Supramolecular Electron Donor-Acceptor Hybrids Featuring Perylenediimides.
Commission on Narcotic Drugs
(6 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
CSA (1 time)
DEA (1 time)
ECDD (1 time)
2005 Witch-hunt.
common nephric duct
(6 times)
Biology
(4 times)
CAKUT (2 times)
DLG1 (1 time)
RALDH2 (1 time)
2009 Using mouse models to understand normal and abnormal urogenital tract development.
10  contingent negative deviation
(6 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
PD (2 times)
CGR (1 time)
OR (1 time)
1996 [Clinico-neurophysiological correlations in migraine].
11  Cataract National Dataset
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
EPR (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
VA (2 times)
2007 The Cataract National Dataset electronic multi-centre audit of 55,567 operations: updating benchmark standards of care in the United Kingdom and internationally.
12  coupled nitrification-denitrification
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
SPM (1 time)
SPS (1 time)
SPSs (1 time)
2005 Model demonstrating the potential for coupled nitrification denitrification in soil aggregates.
13  Canadian dollars
(4 times)
Day Care
(1 time)
FASD (4 times)
DATIS (1 time)
SATS (1 time)
2013 Cost of specialized addiction treatment of clients with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in Canada.
14  consumer-driven nutrient dynamics
(4 times)
Ecological and Environmental Processes
(2 times)
--- 2016 Consumer-driven nutrient dynamics in freshwater ecosystems: from individuals to ecosystems.
15  contaminated neutral drainage
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AMD (1 time)
2015 Use of EDTA in modified kinetic testing for contaminated drainage prediction from waste rocks: case of the Lac Tio mine.
16  cranial nerve deficits
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
mRS (2 times)
ABR (1 time)
BCR (1 time)
2002 Preservation of cranial nerve function following Gamma Knife radiosurgery for benign skull base meningiomas: experience in 121 patients with follow-up of 5 to 9.8 years.
17  Cilnidipine
(3 times)
Drug Delivery Systems
(1 time)
CND-CMP-NPs (1 time)
CND-PCL-NPs (1 time)
CND-PLGA-NPs (1 time)
2020 Comparative study of cilnidipine loaded PLGA nanoparticles: process optimization by DoE, physico-chemical characterization and in vivo evaluation.
18  coordination number distributions
(3 times)
Chemistry, Physical
(3 times)
HF (3 times)
MD (3 times)
QM/MM (3 times)
2006 Structure and dynamics of the [Zn(NH3)(H2O)5]2+ complex in aqueous solution obtained by an ab initio QM/MM molecular dynamics study.
19  critical neutralizing domain
(3 times)
Biological Phenomena
(1 time)
RBD (2 times)
COVID-19 (1 time)
Fd (1 time)
2013 A critical HA1 neutralizing domain of H5N1 influenza in an optimal conformation induces strong cross-protection.
20  calcineurin-dependent
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CsA (2 times)
cAMP (1 time)
CPD (1 time)
2003 Cyclophilin A and calcineurin functions investigated by gene inactivation, cyclosporin A inhibition and cDNA arrays approaches in the phytopathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea.
21  candesartan
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ARB (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
FEUA (1 time)
2010 Effects of a low-dose antihypertensive diuretic in combination with losartan, telmisartan, or candesartan on serum urate levels in hypertensive patients.
22  capillary number density
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
2008 Effect of morphology on placentome size, vascularity, and vasoreactivity in late pregnant sheep.
23  capture-number distribution
(2 times)
Physics
(2 times)
ISD (2 times)
CZD (1 time)
KMC (1 time)
2006 Upper critical dimension for irreversible cluster nucleation and growth in the point-island regime.
24  chronic neuromotor disability
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CBE (1 time)
CCS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2007 The use of pulse oximetry as a screening assessment for paediatric neurogenic dysphagia.
25  circumnuclear disk
(2 times)
--- 2018 High-speed molecular cloudlets around the Galactic center's supermassive black hole.
26  clinic without doctor
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CS (2 times)
HS (2 times)
ADCM (1 time)
2013 Comparing the disease profiles of adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending four public health care facilities in Malaysia.
27  clinical neurologic deterioration
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
aSAH (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
DCI (2 times)
2014 Genetic markers in the EET metabolic pathway are associated with outcomes in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
28  CN deficiency
(2 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
CN (2 times)
ECAP (2 times)
I/O (2 times)
2019 The Effect of Interphase Gap on Neural Response of the Electrically Stimulated Cochlear Nerve in Children With Cochlear Nerve Deficiency and Children With Normal-Sized Cochlear Nerves.
29  cochlear nerve dysplasia
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ABR (1 time)
ANSD (1 time)
CAEP (1 time)
2012 Clinical characteristics of children with cochlear nerve dysplasias.
30  complete inguinal node dissection
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
SLN (1 time)
2005 Inguinal sentinel node dissection versus standard inguinal node dissection in patients with vulvar cancer: A comparison of the size of metastasis detected in inguinal lymph nodes.
31  control, non-dipped
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AA (2 times)
CWD (2 times)
CA (1 time)
2002 Eggshell conductance, embryonic growth, hatchability and embryonic mortality of broiler breeder eggs dipped into ascorbic acid solution.
32  cranial nerve dysfunction
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
TVE (2 times)
cDAVFs (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2015 Cranial Nerve Dysfunction Associated with Cavernous Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas After Transvenous Embolization with Onyx.
33  4-chloronaphthol and diaminobenzidine
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 1989 An improved method for the detection of peroxidase-conjugated antibodies on immunoblots.
34  Canadian
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
FN (1 time)
2009 Cost-effectiveness analysis of different imaging strategies for diagnosis of haemophilic arthropathy.
35  canadine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BBR (1 time)
LDL-C (1 time)
LDLR (1 time)
2006 The medicinal plant goldenseal is a natural LDL-lowering agent with multiple bioactive components and new action mechanisms.
36  candesartan cilexetil
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
AdSDPV (1 time)
AdSSWV (1 time)
SWV (1 time)
2004 Anodic adsorptive stripping voltammetry of the antihypertensive drug candesartan cilexetil at a glassy carbon electrode.
37  cannabidiol
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CNB (1 time)
Delta9-THC (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of principal cannabinoids in airborne particulates.
38  canopy nitrogen density
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
GPC (1 time)
LNC (1 time)
YGP (1 time)
2014 [Winter wheat GPC estimation based on leaf and canopy chlorophyll parameters].
39  capillary network disorganization
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BU (1 time)
DCP (1 time)
ICS (1 time)
2019 Optical coherence tomography angiography findings in Behcet patients.
40  carbon nano-dots
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
PL (1 time)
2021 Carbon nano-dot for cancer studies as dual nano-sensor for imaging intracellular temperature or pH variation.
41  Carbon-nitride dots
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DLBCL (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
Tf (1 time)
2020 Optimized Doxorubicin Chemotherapy for Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma Exploits Nanocarrier Delivery to Transferrin Receptors.
42  carcinomas with neuroendocrine differentiation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ON (1 time)
SCC (1 time)
SEER (1 time)
2010 Descriptive epidemiology of selected olfactory tumors.
43  catalytic nanodiode
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AP-XPS (1 time)
HP-STM (1 time)
SFGVS (1 time)
2010 Molecular studies of model surfaces of metals from single crystals to nanoparticles under catalytic reaction conditions. Evolution from prenatal and postmortem studies of catalysts.
44  cautious nerve dissection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
EMG (1 time)
IONM (1 time)
MRM (1 time)
2019 Role of Intraoperative Nerve Monitoring in Postoperative Muscle and Nerve Function of Patients Undergoing Modified Radical Mastectomy.
45  central nervous disorders
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 1995 Central disorders in vestibular neuronitis.
46  Central Non-core Domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Elucidating the domain architecture and functions of non-core RAG1: the capacity of a non-core zinc-binding domain to function in nuclear import and nucleic acid binding.
47  chest wall-to-nipple distance
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
DBT (1 time)
DgN (1 time)
2014 Monte Carlo simulation for the estimation of the glandular breast dose for a digital breast tomosynthesis system.
48  Chicken newcastle disease
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
GPV (1 time)
LbL (1 time)
2009 Multicolor quantum dot-encoded microspheres for the fluoroimmunoassays of chicken newcastle disease and goat pox virus.
49  child nutrition director
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2018 Partnering to Strengthen School Meals Programs in a Southeastern School District.
50  chiral nanostructure driven
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CNE (1 time)
2017 Self-Assembled Chiral Nanostructures as Scaffolds for Asymmetric Reactions.
51  chitosan nanodroplets
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Echogenic Chitosan Nanodroplets for Spatiotemporally Controlled Gene Delivery.
52  cholinergic neuronal death
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1992 Blocking the Ca(2+)-activated cytotoxic mechanisms of cholinergic neuronal death: a novel treatment strategy for Alzheimer's disease.
53  chronic nasal dysfunction
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRS (1 time)
2019 [Chronic rhinosinusitis of adults: new definition, new diagnosis].
54  Chronic non specific Duodenitis
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 1983 [Evaluation of Ig and muramidase (lysozyme) in unspecified chronic duodenitis (bulbitis)].
55  Chronic nonbloody diarrhea
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Retrograde ileoscopy in chronic nonbloody diarrhea: a prospective, case-control study.
56  chronic noncontiguous diseases
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CVI (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2005 [Risk factors for chronic noncontiguous diseases: twelve-week prospective study].
57  chronic nonspecific diarrhoea
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
IFM (1 time)
MP (1 time)
1979 Oral fat loading test: a reliable procedure for the study of fat malabsorption in children.
58  cinnamaldehyde
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PEPCK (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2010 Insulinotropic effect of cinnamaldehyde on transcriptional regulation of pyruvate kinase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, and GLUT4 translocation in experimental diabetic rats.
59  classic neck dissections
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
FND (1 time)
1984 Functional neck dissection: an evaluation and review of 843 cases.
60  Clonidine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HP-beta-CD (1 time)
2015 Clonidine complexation with hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin: From physico-chemical characterization to in vivo adjuvant effect in local anesthesia.
61  CN-, diphenyleneiodonium, or reactive oxygen species influenced chemoreceptor discharge
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
Fp (1 time)
HO-2 (1 time)
2020 Carotid body type I cells engage flavoprotein and Pin1 for oxygen sensing.
62  CND-Dox-TF, CDT
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DLBCL (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
Tf (1 time)
2020 Optimized Doxorubicin Chemotherapy for Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma Exploits Nanocarrier Delivery to Transferrin Receptors.
63  CND-positive group
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PTC (1 time)
sTg (1 time)
2011 Impact of routine unilateral central neck dissection on preablative and postablative stimulated thyroglobulin levels after total thyroidectomy in papillary thyroid carcinoma.
64  cocaine N-demethylation
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
ChE (1 time)
CIH (1 time)
FADM (1 time)
1990 Strain, sex and developmental profiles of cocaine metabolizing enzymes in mice.
65  cochlear neural degeneration
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Cochlear neural degeneration disrupts hearing in background noise by increasing auditory cortex internal noise.
66  cognitive development
(1 time)
Psychology, Clinical
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CII (1 time)
EDA (1 time)
2017 Modulatory Effect of Association of Brain Stimulation by Light and Binaural Beats in Specific Brain Waves.
67  Competence Network Dementia
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GPs (1 time)
2007 [The management of dementia patients from the point of view of office-based general practitioners (GPs) and specialists--the results of an empirical investigation].
68  complex neurodevelopmental disorders
(1 time)
Phonetics
(1 time)
SD (1 time)
2019 Estimates of the prevalence of speech and motor speech disorders in persons with complex neurodevelopmental disorders.
69  Composition Nutritional Diagnosis
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
EDDS (1 time)
2015 Novel chelating agents for iron, manganese, zinc, and copper mixed fertilisation in high pH soil-less cultures.
70  Compulsory Notifiable Diseases
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
2016 Cystic Echinococcosis Epidemiology in Spain Based on Hospitalization Records, 1997-2012.
71  computer network defense
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
CSE (1 time)
EID (1 time)
2018 Ecological Interface Design for Computer Network Defense.
72  Concentrated Neighborhood Disadvantage
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
BSID-III (1 time)
HFI (1 time)
HOME (1 time)
2017 Turning 1 Year of Age in a Low Socioeconomic Environment: A Portrait of Disadvantage.
73  conditioned
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CS (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
1989 Naltrexone blocks the expression of the conditioned elevation of natural killer cell activity in BALB/c mice.
74  conditioning stimulus following transplantation with tumor
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1988 Augmentation of natural immunity and regulation of tumor growth by conditioning.
75  condominiums
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
CLB (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2020 Larva migrans in Votuporanga, Sao Paulo, Brazil: Where does the danger hide?
76  continuous near darkness
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
ROP (1 time)
2021 Cycled Lighting Versus Continuous Near Darkness in Preterm Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
77  contralateral neck dissection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CNM (1 time)
DOI (1 time)
OCSCC (1 time)
2020 Addressing the contralateral neck for ipsilateral disease recurrence in oral cavity cancers.
78  contralateral nodal disease
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BND (1 time)
BOT (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
2021 Redefining risk of contralateral cervical nodal disease in early stage oropharyngeal cancer in the human papillomavirus era.
79  Control of Nodule Development
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Large-scale analysis of putative soybean regulatory gene expression identifies a Myb gene involved in soybean nodule development.
80  copy number deletion
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
qPCR (1 time)
2014 Use of copy number deletion polymorphisms to assess DNA chimerism.
81  copy number distance
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CNAs (1 time)
2020 Copy number evolution with weighted aberrations in cancer.
82  copy number divergence
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2017 Between-species differences in gene copy number are enriched among functions critical for adaptive evolution in Arabidopsis halleri.
83  cortical neuritic dystrophy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
RTN3 (1 time)
2021 RTN3 - ASC interaction: The potential mechanism behind diabetes-induced cortical neuritic dystrophy.
84  corticonigral degeneration with neuronal achromasia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
1990 Corticonigral degeneration with neuronal achromasia. A clinicopathologic study of two cases.
85  coumarin derivative
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PET (1 time)
2018 A novel coumarin-based fluorescence chemosensor for Al3+ and its application in cell imaging.
86  Cranial nerve disorders
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
GKRS (1 time)
1998 Cavernous sinus meningiomas--what is the strategy: upfront or adjuvant gamma knife surgery?
87  Crigler-Najjar disease
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 2006 Management of hyperbilirubinemia and prevention of kernicterus in 20 patients with Crigler-Najjar disease.
88  Critical Node Detection
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2021 Detecting critical nodes in forest landscape networks to reduce wildfire spread.
89  current nicotine dependence
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
NND (1 time)
2008 Refining the depression-nicotine dependence link: patterns of depressive symptoms in psychiatric outpatients with current, past, and no history of nicotine dependence.
90  current non-drinkers
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2020 [Patterns of Drinking Behaviors and Predictors of Class Membership among Adolescents in the Republic of Korea: A Latent Class Analysis].
91  Cyclic nucleotides
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 1984 Cyclic nucleotide levels of nasal secretions in allergic patients and control subjects.