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Abbreviation: CNR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
contrast-to-noise ratio
(2396 times)
Radiology
(1015 times)
SNR (860 times)
CT (221 times)
FBP (163 times)
1987 The contrast-to-noise in relaxation time, synthetic, and weighted-sum MR images.
contrast-to-noise
(133 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(55 times)
SNR (18 times)
FBP (11 times)
IR (9 times)
1995 [Turbo-spin-echo sequences with selective fat suppression (SPIR) in the MRI of focal liver lesions at 0.5 tesla].
carrier-to-noise ratio
(25 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
BER (11 times)
CSO (10 times)
CTB (10 times)
1991 Edge detection for magnetooptical data storage.
cadherin-related neuronal receptor
(13 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
Pcdh (3 times)
CNR1 (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
1998 Diversity revealed by a novel family of cadherins expressed in neurons at a synaptic complex.
case notification rate
(12 times)
Tropical Medicine
(3 times)
TB (9 times)
HIV (3 times)
ART (2 times)
2012 Leprosy trends in Zambia 1991-2009.
cannabinoid receptor gene
(8 times)
Biology
(2 times)
CNR1 (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
CNR2 (1 time)
1991 HindIII identifies a two allele DNA polymorphism of the human cannabinoid receptor gene (CNR).
chicken neuroretina
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
bFGF (4 times)
AMV (1 time)
CEF (1 time)
1991 Cell division is required for expression of v-myc transforming properties in chicken embryonic neuroretina cells.
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
(7 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
MURST (5 times)
EQA (1 time)
QC (1 time)
1991 External quality assessment programs in Italy.
calf normalized resistivity
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
FO (2 times)
HD (2 times)
TBW (2 times)
2014 The association between arterial stiffness and fluid status in peritoneal dialysis patients.
10  cytoplasmic-to-nuclear ratio
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CA (3 times)
NA (3 times)
PAP (3 times)
2008 Altered cytoplasmic-to-nuclear ratio of survivin is a prognostic indicator in breast cancer.
11  COLORLESS NON-RIPENING
(5 times)
Botany
(4 times)
AP2a (2 times)
NOR (2 times)
RIN (2 times)
2007 Fruit ripening mutants yield insights into ripening control.
12  carbon nanoring
(3 times)
Miniaturization
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
ASC (1 time)
GNR (1 time)
2014 How does carbon nanoring deform to spiral induced by carbon nanotube?
13  Cell Number Regulator
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
Mn (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2010 Cell Number Regulator1 affects plant and organ size in maize: implications for crop yield enhancement and heterosis.
14  complete neurological recovery
(3 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(2 times)
ROSC (2 times)
TCA (2 times)
BP (1 time)
2013 Traumatic cardiac arrest: should advanced life support be initiated?
15  Cancer Nutrition and Rehabilitation
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
OT (1 time)
2008 Cancer nutrition and rehabilitation-its time has come!
16  Carbon-to-nitrogen ratio
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
SWIS (1 time)
2016 Characterization of nitrogen substrate limitation on Escherichia coli's growth by parameter identification tools.
17  carboxynitroso rubber
(2 times)
--- 1968 Thermal decomposition products of carboxynitroso rubber (CNR). AMRL-TR-68-175.
18  case-note review
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
HC (1 time)
RRT (1 time)
2008 Coding Geriatric syndromes: How good are we?
19  Centre
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
MAT (1 time)
1999 A national survey of human Mycobacterium bovis infection in France. Network of Microbiology Laboratories in France.
20  Clinical non-relevant
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
AI (2 times)
LI (1 time)
2001 Dissecting the IgM antibody response during the acute and latent phase of toxoplasmosis.
21  clinical nurse researcher
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 1994 A faculty-practice program: three perspectives.
22  conditioned neurographic response
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CEP (1 time)
EP (1 time)
SGR (1 time)
1981 [Effect of electric stimulation of the amygdala on formation and reproduction of conditioned reactions].
23  Conjoined nerve roots
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2010 Clinical features of conjoined lumbosacral nerve roots versus lumbar intervertebral disc herniations.
24  contrast
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
DSCT (1 time)
DVT (1 time)
IQ (1 time)
2009 Molecular magnetic resonance imaging of deep vein thrombosis using a fibrin-targeted contrast agent: a feasibility study.
25  contrast-to-background-noise ratio
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
OCT (2 times)
ARIED (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2017 Visibility of fiducial markers used for image-guided radiation therapy on optical coherence tomography for registration with CT: An esophageal phantom study.
26  copy number ratio
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
aCGH (1 time)
CGH (1 time)
CNA (1 time)
2007 Cytogenetic characterization and gene expression profiling of the trastuzumab-resistant breast cancer cell line JIMT-1.
27  Coulomb nanoradiator
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ROS (2 times)
IONs (1 time)
LEE (1 time)
2016 Coulomb nanoradiator-mediated, site-specific thrombolytic proton treatment with a traversing pristine Bragg peak.
28  Council of National Representatives
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
--- 1977 [Report on the Council of National Representatives (CNR)].
29  Council of Research
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
EFS (1 time)
FRP (1 time)
SRP (1 time)
1999 Italian Cooperative Study for the treatment of children and young adults with localized Ewing sarcoma of bone: a preliminary report of 6 years of experience.
30  cytokine-nonresponsive
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
CR (1 time)
d6 CR (1 time)
1997 Preferential sequestration in vitro of BCR/ABL negative hematopoietic progenitor cells among cytokine nonresponsive CML marrow CD34+ cells.
31  2-cyano-3-(thiophen-2-yl)acrylate
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2014 Tuning morphology and photovoltaic properties of diketopyrrolopyrrole-based small-molecule solar cells by taloring end-capped aromatic groups.
32  4-chloropentyl activation product and Tp'Rh
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Selective C-H activation of haloalkanes using a rhodiumtrispyrazolylborate complex.
33  calorie to nitrogen ratio
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
TPN (1 time)
1979 The importance of different calorie sources in the intravenous nutrition of infants and children.
34  calponin repeat domain
(1 time)
Proteomics
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
PKA (1 time)
PKC (1 time)
2015 Label-free quantitative phosphorylation analysis of human transgelin2 in Jurkat T cells reveals distinct phosphorylation patterns under PKA and PKC activation conditions.
35  capsule-forming nonropy Streptococcus thermophilus
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
NCNR (1 time)
2002 Capsule formation by nonropy starter cultures affects the viscoelastic properties of yogurt during structure formation.
36  carbon nitride nanorods
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2014 Uniform graphitic carbon nitride nanorod for efficient photocatalytic hydrogen evolution and sustained photoenzymatic catalysis.
37  Carbon-Hydrogen Activation of Alkanes Following Photolysis of Tp'Rh
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CO (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
TRIR (1 time)
2018 Probing the Carbon-Hydrogen Activation of Alkanes Following Photolysis of Tp'Rh(CNR)(carbodiimide): A Computational and Time-Resolved Infrared Spectroscopic Study.
38  Carbon-hydrogen bond activation of alkanes by Tp'Rh
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CO (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
TRIR (1 time)
2018 Probing the Carbon-Hydrogen Activation of Alkanes Following Photolysis of Tp'Rh(CNR)(carbodiimide): A Computational and Time-Resolved Infrared Spectroscopic Study.
39  caudal nasal recess
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
2009 Prognostic significance of specific magnetic resonance imaging features in canine nasal tumours treated by radiotherapy.
40  caudatum non-reversal
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
PFOA (1 time)
PFOS (1 time)
2008 Effects of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) on swimming behavior and membrane potential of paramecium caudatum.
41  cell nucleus replacement
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
ESC (1 time)
2006 Ethical issues in deriving stem cells from embryos and eggs.
42  cellulose nanocrystal rods
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
CAA (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2018 Rod-like cellulose nanocrystal/cis-aconityl-doxorubicin prodrug: A fluorescence-visible drug delivery system with enhanced cellular uptake and intracellular drug controlled release.
43  cellulose nitrate resin
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ETAAS (1 time)
2004 Determination of thallium in potassium chloride and electrolyte replenishers by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry.
44  Center
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AIMS (1 time)
SINDem (1 time)
2015 Sleep disturbances and cognitive decline: recommendations on clinical assessment and the management.
45  Center for Nursing Research
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
--- 2013 Developing a center for nursing research: an influence on nursing education and research through mentorship.
46  central nerve ring
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 1990 An ontogenetic study of the cholinergic and serotoninergic nervous systems in Trilocularia acanthiaevulgaris (Cestoda, Tetraphyllidea).
47  central nervous system
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1980 Metastasis to the central nervous system from colorectal cancer.
48  Central Netherlands Registry
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CCAC (1 time)
DES (1 time)
NDP (1 time)
1991 Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina and cervix. A report of the Central Netherlands Registry with emphasis on early detection and prognosis.
49  central neural retina
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
2008 Isolation and characterisation of neural progenitor cells from the adult Chx10(orJ/orJ) central neural retina.
50  Centre National de Reference
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 [Imported severe falciparum malaria in France in 2000-2011: epidemiological trends and the need for new treatments].
51  cervical nerve roots
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CIDP (1 time)
CMT (1 time)
2013 Ultrasonographic nerve enlargement of the median and ulnar nerves and the cervical nerve roots in patients with demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease: distinction from patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy.
52  Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MCBF (1 time)
MCF (1 time)
SCF (1 time)
2008 Long-term protection effects of National Reserve to forest vegetation in 4 decades: biodiversity change analysis of major forest types in Changbai Mountain Nature Reserve, China.
53  chicken embryo neuroretina cells
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 1988 Mapping by in vitro constructs of the P100gag-mil region, accounting for induction of chicken neuroretina cell proliferation.
54  chloromethane gives Tp'Rh
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2009 Selective C-H activation of haloalkanes using a rhodiumtrispyrazolylborate complex.
55  chromosome number reduction
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
WGD (1 time)
2015 Telomere-centric genome repatterning determines recurring chromosome number reductions during the evolution of eukaryotes.
56  chronic nonrelapsing type
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CIDP (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1994 Gm haplotypes in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy in Japanese patients.
57  clinical nodal recurrence
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
MSS (1 time)
2017 Thin Melanoma with Nodal Involvement: Analysis of Demographic, Pathologic, and Treatment Factors with Regard to Prognosis.
58  clinical nurse rating
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
DPD (1 time)
NCI (1 time)
RSI (1 time)
2004 Assessing medication adherence in adolescents with HIV when electronic monitoring is not feasible.
59  close nasal bone reduction
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
LA (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2009 Reduction of nasal bone fractures: a comparative study of general, local, and topical anesthesia techniques.
60  Clozaril National Registry
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1998 Reducing clozapine-related morbidity and mortality: 5 years of experience with the Clozaril National Registry.
61  CN resection
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
CVOD (1 time)
PDE5 (1 time)
2008 Chronic daily tadalafil prevents the corporal fibrosis and veno-occlusive dysfunction that occurs after cavernosal nerve resection.
62  CNR eff
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
cDWI (1 time)
DWI (1 time)
2013 Quantitative evaluation of computed high B value diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the prostate.
63  CNRrel
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
3D-GRE (1 time)
MR (1 time)
PV (1 time)
2016 Intraindividual Crossover Comparison of Gadoxetic Acid Dose for Liver MRI in Normal Volunteers.
64  cochlear nerve resection
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
postTN (1 time)
VS (1 time)
2018 Postoperative Tinnitus After Vestibular Schwannoma Surgery Depends on Preoperative Tinnitus and Both Pre- and Postoperative Hearing Function.
65  cochlear nucleus region
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
SGN (1 time)
2018 Mimic Cochlear Implant Surgery-Induced Cochlear Infection Fails to Further Damage Auditory Pathway in Deafened Guinea Pigs.
66  coefficient-to-noise ratio
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
FOV (1 time)
2014 Study of a high-resolution PET system using a silicon detector probe.
67  combination therapy group
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
MEP (1 time)
NSCs (1 time)
2013 Functional recovery after injury of motor cortex in rats: effects of rehabilitation and stem cell transplantation in a traumatic brain injury model of cortical resection.
68  combined nutritional risk
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
INR (1 time)
NR (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2007 Nutritional risk in the urban population of Ouro Preto, southeastern region of Brazil: the Ouro Preto heart study.
69  common-neighbor-rule
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 The C. elegans Connectome Consists of Homogenous Circuits with Defined Functional Roles.
70  community-nonreferred
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
CGE (1 time)
CSE (1 time)
2003 Neurobehavioral factors associated with referral for learning problems in a community sample: evidence for an adaptational model for learning disorders.
71  comparable between both groups
(1 time)
Radiation Oncology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
DLP (1 time)
2016 CT angiography of the aorta using 80 kVp in combination with sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction and automated tube current modulation: Effects on image quality and radiation dose.
72  Comparative Network Reconstruction
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2018 Comparative Network Reconstruction using mixed integer programming.
73  compensatory nutrition regimen
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2004 A compensatory nutrition regimen during gestation stimulates mammary development and lactation potential in rats.
74  complete and nonredundant
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
MGSs (1 time)
2018 Metagenomics Investigation of Agarlytic Genes and Genomes in Mangrove Sediments in China: A Potential Repertory for Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes.
75  complete necrosis rate
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
RFA (1 time)
2013 Clinical effectiveness of bipolar radiofrequency ablation for small liver cancers.
76  complete necrosis response
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
CTR (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of treatment response and tissue necrosis as prognostic indicators following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in rectal cancer patients.
77  complex natural resonances
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2004 Modeling of noninvasive microwave characterization of breast tumors.
78  compressed-signal to noise ratio
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
BER (1 time)
CR (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2014 Wavelet-based watermarking and compression for ECG signals with verification evaluation.
79  computer-controlled anesthetic delivery system
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CNV (1 time)
DAS (1 time)
PSS (1 time)
2016 Relief of Injection Pain During Delivery of Local Anesthesia by Computer-Controlled Anesthetic Delivery System for Periodontal Surgery: Randomized Clinical Controlled Trial.
80  computerized nuclear renography
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CPRD (1 time)
RADU (1 time)
RAS (1 time)
1989 Renal artery duplex ultrasonography: a reliable new screening test for functionally significant renal artery stenosis.
81  concentration
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LbL (1 time)
MS (1 time)
NRs (1 time)
2018 Layer-by-layer assembly of nanorods on a microsphere via electrostatic interactions.
82  Conserved non-coding regions
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
HYPEST (1 time)
2010 Hypervariable intronic region in NCX1 is enriched in short insertion-deletion polymorphisms and showed association with cardiovascular traits.
83  consumer-driven nutrient recycling
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Effects of temporal and spatial heterogeneities created by consumer-driven nutrient recycling on algal diversity.
84  continuous noise reduction algorithm
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
TNR (1 time)
2018 Effects of a transient noise reduction algorithm on speech intelligibility in noise, noise tolerance and perceived annoyance in cochlear implant users.
85  contralateral regions for contrast-to-noise
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BMC (1 time)
2004 Novel double contrast MRI technique for intramyocardial detection of percutaneously transplanted autologous cells.
86  contrast images
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
WMSI (1 time)
2015 "3D fusion" echocardiography improves 3D left ventricular assessment: comparison with 2D contrast echocardiography.
87  contrast medium-to-noise ratio
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
BN (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
2014 CT angiography of the neck: value of contrast medium dose reduction with low tube voltage and high tube current in a 64-detector row CT.
88  contrast to noncontrast ratio
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
NSCs (1 time)
2011 Stem cell dynamics in an experimental model of stroke.
89  contrast to the background noise. k
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ANSI (1 time)
CTP (1 time)
MRAGA (1 time)
2012 High-ratio grid considerations in mobile chest radiography.
90  contrast was marked at 90-120 s after administration of Gd-DTPA
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
Gd-DTPA (1 time)
RCC (1 time)
1995 Dynamic MRI of small renal cell carcinoma.
91  contrast,contrast noise ratio
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
DSCT (1 time)
TAVI (1 time)
2016 [Feasibility Study of Dual-source Computed Tomography High-pitch Scan Mode in Preoperative Evaluation of Aortic Stenosis Referred to Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation].
92  contrast-to-noise ratio calculation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NECT (1 time)
WM (1 time)
2016 Enhanced gray-white matter differentiation on non-enhanced CT using a frequency selective non-linear blending.
93  cool nest regions
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
2016 Evidence for Ventilation through Collective Respiratory Movements in Giant Honeybee (Apis dorsata) Nests.
94  coordinated to TpRh
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2007 Structural and dynamic properties of propane coordinated to TpRh(CNR) from a confrontation between theory and experiment.
95  coronary CTA• objective image quality
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CCTA (1 time)
FBP (1 time)
IQ (1 time)
2014 Impact of increasing levels of advanced iterative reconstruction on image quality in low-dose cardiac CT angiography.
96  coronary no-reflow
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FGL2 (1 time)
MECs (1 time)
MVO (1 time)
2015 Sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate ameliorates experimental coronary no-reflow phenomenon through down-regulation of FGL2.
97  correlated noise reduction
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DSA (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
1989 A correlated noise reduction algorithm for dual-energy digital subtraction angiography.
98  Corticosteroid Non Responders
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
CRHR1 (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
2015 CRHR1 Gene SNPs and Response to Systemic Corticosteroids in Indian Asthmatic Children During Acute Exacerbation.
99  cortisol nonresponders
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
IgA (1 time)
SB (1 time)
2015 Stress, Immune Function and Collegiate Holiday Drinking: A Pilot Study.
100  cownose ray
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 COMPARISON OF PRE- AND POSTQUARANTINE BLOOD CHEMISTRY AND HEMATOLOGY VALUES FROM WILD-CAUGHT COWNOSE RAYS (RHINOPTERA BONASUS).