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Abbreviation: CNS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
central nervous system
(41163 times)
Neurology
(10460 times)
MS (2886 times)
CSF (2506 times)
BBB (1837 times)
0 Rituximab-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy.
coagulase-negative staphylococci
(1095 times)
Microbiology
(316 times)
MRSA (87 times)
IMI (54 times)
SCC (44 times)
1982 Clinical significance of coagulase-negative staphylococci.
clinical nurse specialist
(343 times)
Nursing
(302 times)
NP (24 times)
NACNS (10 times)
APNs (7 times)
1986 The role of the clinical nurse specialist: problems and solutions.
congenital nephrotic syndrome
(107 times)
Nephrology
(56 times)
CNF (9 times)
GBM (7 times)
DMS (6 times)
1982 [Is it possible to improve the prognosis of congenital nephrosis?].
Canadian Neurological Scale
(49 times)
Neurology
(22 times)
GCS (10 times)
ICH (5 times)
OR (5 times)
1989 The Canadian Neurological Scale: validation and reliability assessment.
conserved non-coding sequence
(45 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
FOXP3 (2 times)
GC (2 times)
IFN-gamma (2 times)
2003 Whole genome human/mouse phylogenetic footprinting of potential transcription regulatory signals.
central nervous system disease
(43 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
CSF (4 times)
CI (3 times)
EAE (2 times)
1979 Induction of allergic encephalomyelitis in rhesus monkeys treated with anti monkey thymocyte sera.
central nervous
(36 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
5-HT (2 times)
5-HTP (2 times)
BBB (2 times)
1985 Central nervous system 5-hydroxytryptamine and noradrenaline specificity of ear vascular and ventilation reflexes in thermoregulating rabbits.
carbon nanosheets
(29 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
PECVD (3 times)
GO (2 times)
PCNs (2 times)
2010 Synthesis and characteristics of graphene oxide-derived carbon nanosheet-Pd nanosized particle composites.
10  Congress of Neurological Surgeons
(29 times)
Neurosurgery
(16 times)
AANS (17 times)
SNIS (3 times)
ASNR (2 times)
2000 Fifty years of the congress of neurological surgeons: foundations, objectives, and legacies.
11  Crigler-Najjar syndrome
(18 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
GS (2 times)
APOLT (1 time)
CNS Type 2 (1 time)
1996 Current therapy for Crigler-Najjar syndrome type 1: report of a world registry.
12  cavernous nerve stimulation
(13 times)
Urology
(12 times)
ICP (9 times)
ED (6 times)
STZ (4 times)
2000 Adenoviral gene transfer of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) to the penis improves age-related erectile dysfunction in the rat.
13  carbapenem-non-susceptible
(11 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
CS (3 times)
E. cloacae (2 times)
ESBL (2 times)
2010 Carbapenem-nonsusceptible strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae producing SHV-5 and/or DHA-1 beta-lactamases in a Czech hospital.
14  Crystallography and NMR System
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
BPTI (2 times)
MM (2 times)
EH (1 time)
1998 Crystallography & NMR system: A new software suite for macromolecular structure determination.
15  carbon nanoscroll
(9 times)
Nanotechnology
(7 times)
CNT (2 times)
MD (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2010 Fabrication of carbon nanoscrolls from monolayer graphene.
16  coagulase-negative
(9 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
CPS (5 times)
Bap (1 time)
BOR (1 time)
1987 Staphylococcal adherence to polyvinyl chloride and heparin-bonded polyurethane catheters is species dependent and enhanced by fibronectin.
17  Chinese National Standard
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
ASFL (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
COB (1 time)
2001 Reuse of water treatment plant sludge and dam sediment in brick-making.
18  cresty neck score
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
BCS (6 times)
BW (3 times)
NC (3 times)
2009 Apparent adiposity assessed by standardised scoring systems and morphometric measurements in horses and ponies.
19  cashew nut shell
(6 times)
Carbohydrates
(2 times)
CHN (1 time)
CNSL (1 time)
EDX (1 time)
2015 Potential biological applications of bio-based anacardic acids and their derivatives.
20  central nervous system involvement
(6 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CSF (2 times)
ADEM (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2005 EXAMINE: a computational approach to reconstructing gene regulatory networks.
21  carbon nanostructure
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
TPU (2 times)
AAS (1 time)
AC (1 time)
2016 Suitable Morphology Makes CoSn(OH)6 Nanostructure a Superior Electrochemical Pseudocapacitor.
22  celestial navigation system
(5 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(5 times)
INS (2 times)
SINS (2 times)
AISFF (1 time)
2011 A celestial assisted INS initialization method for lunar explorers.
23  Chinese Nutrition Society
(5 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
CDGs (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2014 [Evaluation of nutrient level and its factors of breast milk in Shenzhen City].
24  carbon nanoparticle suspension
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
SLNB (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2011 [Preparation of carbon nanoparticle paclitaxel suspension and pharmacokinetic study of intraperitoneal chemotherapy].
25  Caregiver Needs Scale
(4 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
EFA (1 time)
PMBT (1 time)
2015 Development and psychometric properties of a scale assessing the needs of caregivers of children with disabilities.
26  carotid sinus nerve
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
HRP (1 time)
HVR (1 time)
1981 Carotid sinus nerve projections to the brain stem in the cat.
27  cellulose nanospheres
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AFM (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
2017 A Bottom-Up Synthesis of Vinyl-Cellulose Nanosheets and Their Nanocomposite Hydrogels with Enhanced Strength.
28  central nervous involvement
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ALCL (2 times)
NHL (2 times)
pEFS (2 times)
2004 Intensive chemotherapy without radiotherapy gives more than 85% event-free survival for non-Hodgkin lymphoma without central nervous involvement: a 6-year population-based study from the nordic society of pediatric hematology and oncology.
29  central nervous tissues
(4 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DLT (1 time)
1980 Relationships between mitochondrial outer membranes and agranular reticulum in nervous tissue: ultrastructural observations and a new interpretation.
30  Child Neurology Society
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AAN (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
ISPN (1 time)
1999 Ethical issues in managed and rationed care for children with severe neurological disabilities: a questionnaire survey.
31  Clinical Neuropsychology Synarchy
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
APPCN (1 time)
2004 The Houston Conference revisited.
32  control non-smokers
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
CS (4 times)
PPI (2 times)
SS (2 times)
2007 Adverse childhood experiences, smoking and mental illness in adulthood: a preliminary study.
33  carbon nitride nanosheet
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CNQDs (1 time)
CNS-COF (1 time)
2019 Increasing Solar Absorption of Atomically Thin 2D Carbon Nitride Sheets for Enhanced Visible-Light Photocatalysis.
34  carbon-nitrogen-sulfur
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
NIR (1 time)
PLS (1 time)
TN (1 time)
2011 Optimizing the weight loss-on-ignition methodology to quantify organic and carbonate carbon of sediments from diverse sources.
35  cell nest size
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
BA (3 times)
HNSCC (1 time)
OSCC (1 time)
2017 Tumour budding activity and cell nest size determine patient outcome in oral squamous cell carcinoma: proposal for an adjusted grading system.
36  central system
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
CLS (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
NF (1 time)
1981 Neurosurgical considerations of cysticercosis of the central nervous system.
37  certified nurse specialist
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CN (2 times)
ICU (2 times)
APN (1 time)
2008 [Nursing certification system in cancer nursing].
38  chestnut shell
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CS (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
GS (1 time)
2016 Enzymatic in situ saccharification of chestnut shell with high ionic liquid-tolerant cellulases from Galactomyces sp. CCZU11-1 in a biocompatible ionic liquid-cellulase media.
39  Chinese Nutrition Screening
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
--- 2005 Development of the Chinese nutrition screen (CNS) for use in institutional settings.
40  clinically non-secreting
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
bHLH (2 times)
CS (1 time)
LI (1 time)
2002 A critical reappraisal of MIB-1 labelling index significance in a large series of pituitary tumours: secreting versus non-secreting adenomas.
41  coagulase-negative species of genus Staphylococcus
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
SFP (1 time)
1998 Nosocomial infections caused by staphylococci.
42  copy number status
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PSCC (2 times)
CNA (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2018 An NRG Oncology/GOG study of molecular classification for risk prediction in endometrioid endometrial cancer.
43  CCR7-negative subsets
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
IFN (2 times)
IL (2 times)
LDLT (2 times)
2010 Coupled regulation of interleukin-12 receptor beta-1 of CD8+ central memory and CCR7-negative memory T cells in an early alloimmunity in liver transplant recipients.
44  cellulose-based nanosponge
(2 times)
AFW (1 time)
ASW (1 time)
LMS (1 time)
2020 Effect-Based Approach to Assess Nanostructured Cellulose Sponge Removal Efficacy of Zinc Ions from Seawater to Prevent Ecological Risks.
45  central and peripheral nervous system
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
TNF-alpha (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2007 Myelin structure and composition in zebrafish.
46  central nervous system depressant
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Antinociceptive effects of the tubercles of Anredera leptostachys.
47  central North Sea
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
E-W (1 time)
N-S (1 time)
NNS (1 time)
2017 Shallow Gas Migration along Hydrocarbon Wells-An Unconsidered, Anthropogenic Source of Biogenic Methane in the North Sea.
48  cerebroneural system
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
MAO (1 time)
1985 [Distribution of catecholamines and monoamine oxidase activity in the system controlling sexual function in sheep].
49  Child Narcissism Scale
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ODD (1 time)
2008 Development and validation of the childhood narcissism scale.
50  childhood nephrotic syndrome
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
INS (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2010 Quartan malaria-associated childhood nephrotic syndrome: now a rare clinical entity in malaria endemic Nigeria.
51  ciliary nerve section
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ONS (1 time)
2001 Emmetropization in chicks uses optical vergence and relative distance cues to decode defocus.
52  clay nanosheet
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CV (1 time)
MB (1 time)
PPG-NH2 (1 time)
2015 Control of the rheological properties of clay nanosheet hydrogels with a guanidinium-attached calix[4]arene binder.
53  coagulase negative Staphylococcus aureus
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AOM (1 time)
CFT (1 time)
CIP (1 time)
2001 Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of bacterial isolates from blood culture in Tikur Anbassa Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
54  coagulase-negative species
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
PFGE (1 time)
SCC (1 time)
1997 [Comparison of several methods for detection of methicillin resistance in clinical strains of Staphylococcus sp].
55  coagulation necrosis sign
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CHS (2 times)
CPDI (1 time)
DOR (1 time)
2012 Intra- and interobserver agreement among bronchial endosonographers for the description of intrathoracic lymph nodes.
56  cognitively normal subjects
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
CSF (1 time)
LVEF (1 time)
2013 QT dispersion in mild cognitive impairment: a possible tool for predicting the risk of progression to dementia?
57  colloidal nano-silica
(2 times)
AASC (1 time)
MIP (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2019 Properties of Alkali-Activated Slag Paste Using New Colloidal Nano-Silica Mixing Method.
58  colorectal nurse specialist
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
QALY (1 time)
2007 Telephonic management of rectal bleeding in young adults: a prospective randomized controlled trial.
59  common neighbour subcluster
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
LRS (1 time)
2014 Structural evolution in the packing of uniform spheres.
60  compared with liver and/or lung metastases or other sites
(2 times)
Breast Neoplasms
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
MBC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2013 Clinical outcomes and treatment practice patterns of patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer in the post-trastuzumab era.
61  computational neuroscience
(2 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
--- 2008 ModelDB in computational neuroscience education - a research tool as interactive educational media.
62  Computerized Notation System
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 1983 The Computerized Notation System (CNS). A microcomputer system for rapid entry of notes by physicians and nurses.
63  Congenital Nephrotic Syndrome of Finnish Type
(2 times)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
LTA (1 time)
PNA (1 time)
SPI (1 time)
1986 Altered immunoglobulin status in congenital nephrotic syndrome.
64  congenital NS
(2 times)
Thrombosis
(1 time)
NS (2 times)
FSGS (1 time)
IL-2 (1 time)
1994 Lymphocyte subpopulations, interleukin-2 and interleukin-2 receptor expression in childhood nephrotic syndrome.
65  Connectedness to Nature Scale
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(2 times)
--- 2017 An Analysis of the Connectedness to Nature Scale Based on Item Response Theory.
66  conserving nature's stage
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ED (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2015 A 2.5-million-year perspective on coarse-filter strategies for conserving nature's stage.
67  consistency
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MSVT (2 times)
DR (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2012 Derivation and clinical validation of consistency indices on the test of memory malingering.
68  control non-smoking male social drinkers
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
IgA (1 time)
PBI (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2012 The effect of chronic alcohol intoxication and smoking on the output of salivary immunoglobulin A.
69  conventional nutritional support
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
UD (1 time)
2007 [Conventional nutritional support (CNS) in hospitalized surgical patients].
70  copy number segment
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CASC8 (1 time)
ceRNA (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
2020 Genome-wide association study of germline copy number variations reveals an association with prostate cancer aggressiveness.
71  culture systems for rat embryo midbrain
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ABZ (2 times)
LB (2 times)
MBZ (1 time)
1991 Effects of albendazole and albendazole sulfoxide on cultures of differentiating rodent embryonic cells.
72  cultures of differentiating rat embryo midbrain
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
EMS (2 times)
ENU (2 times)
MMS (2 times)
1995 Toxicity of four alkylating agents on in vitro rat embryo differentiation and development.
73  6-Cyano dihydrosanguinarine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CATHIQs (1 time)
CNC (1 time)
QBAs (1 time)
2015 Pseudocyanides of sanguinarine and chelerythrine and their series of structurally simple analogues as new anticancer lead compounds: Cytotoxic activity, structure-activity relationship and apoptosis induction.
74  calcification in neuropsychiatric
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BGC (1 time)
CNS-brucellosis (1 time)
1987 The high rate of prevalence of CT-detected basal ganglia calcification in neuropsychiatric (CNS) brucellosis.
75  calcitonin nasal spray
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
ORs (1 time)
2014 Calcitonin nasal spray and increased cancer risk: a population-based nested case-control study.
76  Calgary Normative Study
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MoCA (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2020 Calgary Normative Study: design of a prospective longitudinal study to characterise potential quantitative MR biomarkers of neurodegeneration over the adult lifespan.
77  California Newborn Screen
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
NIS (1 time)
2011 Breastfeeding rates differ significantly by method used: a cause for concern for public health measurement.
78  calves, all became anorectic and depressed
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
aro (1 time)
1984 Aromatic-dependent Salmonella typhimurium as modified live vaccines for calves.
79  Cameroon Neurosurgery Society
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
ANSA (1 time)
WFNS (1 time)
2008 [Report of the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) international course and Cameroon Neurosurgery Society Congress (CNS) Yaounde (Cameroon), 1st--4th October 2007].
80  Cameroon Neurosurgery Society Congress
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
ANSA (1 time)
WFNS (1 time)
2008 [Report of the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) international course and Cameroon Neurosurgery Society Congress (CNS) Yaounde (Cameroon), 1st--4th October 2007].
81  Campus Neurologico Senior
(1 time)
Feasibility Studies
(1 time)
--- 2018 Feasibility of using risk prompts to prevent falls, dehydration and pulmonary aspiration in nursing homes: a clinical study protocol.
82  can promote axon regeneration in thecentral nervous system
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
RGCs (1 time)
2018 Lin28 Signaling Supports Mammalian PNS and CNS Axon Regeneration.
83  Canadian Neurological Stroke Scale
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
ICH (1 time)
2008 Pattern of cerebellar perfusion on single photon emission computed tomography in subcortical hematoma: a clinical and computed tomography correlation.
84  Canadian Stroke Scale
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 1990 [Quantitative scales for measuring neurological deficit in cerebrovascular diseases].
85  cancer cell lines; SF-268
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Cytotoxic cembranes from Indonesian specimens of the soft coral Nephthea sp.
86  cancer patients with noncentral nervous system
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AYA (1 time)
CRCI (1 time)
2020 Self-reported cognitive outcomes among adolescent and young adult patients with noncentral nervous system cancers.
87  cannulated screw
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CCS (1 time)
2012 Biomechanical comparison of 4.0-mm short-threaded cannulated screws and 4.0-mm short-threaded cancellous screws in a canine humeral condylar fracture model.
88  carbon nanofiber sheets
(1 time)
--- 2009 Improved fire retardancy of thermoset composites modified with carbon nanofibers.
89  carbon sphere
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ERGO (1 time)
GT (1 time)
HRP (1 time)
2012 Triplex signal amplification for electrochemical DNA biosensing by coupling probe-gold nanoparticles-graphene modified electrode with enzyme functionalized carbon sphere as tracer.
90  carbonized nano-sponge
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2017 A wearable strain sensor based on a carbonized nano-sponge/silicone composite for human motion detection.
91  carbonous-nanostructures
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
GRA (1 time)
PrG (1 time)
SWCNT (1 time)
2019 An investigation into non-covalent functionalization of a single-walled carbon nanotube and a graphene sheet with protein G:A combined experimental and molecular dynamics study.
92  cardiac navigation systems
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EAM (1 time)
ECGI (1 time)
SSR (1 time)
2018 Arrhythmia Mechanism and Scaling Effect on the Spectral Properties of Electroanatomical Maps With Manifold Harmonics.
93  cardioinhibitory neurocardiogenic syncope
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2020 Catheter ablation of right atrial ganglionated plexi to treat cardioinhibitory neurocardiogenic syncope: a long-term follow-up prospective study.
94  cardiovascular and mental
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MSF (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2007 Prodrugs for the treatment of neglected diseases.
95  Carotid Neurologic Score
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
1988 The role of arterial reconstruction in penetrating carotid injuries.
96  carpal tunnel syndrome
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1993 [Changes of sensory threshold of nerve fibres in polyneuropathies].
97  case of shotgun injuries of the head
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2006 [Shotgun injuries--epidemiological and clinical aspects].
98  cases, this revealed demyelination in the proximal
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Trigeminal neuralgia due to multiple sclerosis: ultrastructural findings in trigeminal rhizotomy specimens.
99  Catch per net setting
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Population biology of the little gulper shark Centrophorus uyato in Lebanese waters.
100  catecholamines and Krebs cycle interaction
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1975 Drugs, catecholamines and Krebs cycle interaction (CNS).