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Abbreviation: COD
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Long forms: 206

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
chemical oxygen demand
(4124 times)
Environmental Health
(2821 times)
TN (332 times)
BOD (323 times)
HRT (287 times)
1964 USE OF CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND VALUES OF BACTERIAL CELLS IN WASTE-WATER PURIFICATION.
cause of death
(128 times)
Public Health
(21 times)
VA (20 times)
PHMRC (5 times)
CCC (4 times)
1991 The cause of death in patients with glioblastoma is multifactorial: clinical factors and autopsy findings in 117 cases of supratentorial glioblastoma in adults.
change of direction
(111 times)
Sports
(63 times)
CMJ (18 times)
SJ (12 times)
ES (10 times)
2007 Relationship of jumping and agility performance in female volleyball athletes.
calcium oxalate dihydrate
(86 times)
Urology
(33 times)
COM (58 times)
CaOx (7 times)
SEM (7 times)
1979 Calcium oxalate dihydrate crystal growth.
cystic ovarian disease
(51 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(44 times)
IGF (4 times)
CL (3 times)
RT-PCR (3 times)
1977 Treatment of cystic ovarian disease in dairy cattle. Comparative observation of the effects of an intramuscular injection of corticosteroids and an intravenous injection of a combination of human chorionic gonadotropin and progesterone.
codeine
(48 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
MOR (24 times)
COC (13 times)
6-AM (9 times)
1983 Physical dependence on meprobamate after repeated oral administration in rats.
1,5-cyclooctadiene
(40 times)
Chemistry
(29 times)
NBD (3 times)
NHC (2 times)
ROMP (2 times)
1996 Nickel-Catalyzed Preparations of Functionalized Organozincs.
cholesterol oxidase
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
RSM (4 times)
PE (3 times)
GA (2 times)
1992 Localization of the cholesterol oxidase in Rhodococcus erythropolis IMET 7185 studied by immunoelectron microscopy.
co-occurring disorders
(20 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(9 times)
SUD (2 times)
ASI (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2005 A modified therapeutic community for homeless persons with co-occurring disorders of substance abuse and mental illness in a shelter: an outcome study.
10  cemento-osseous dysplasia
(14 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
COF (3 times)
FD (2 times)
CBCT (1 time)
2001 [Clinicopathological studies on localized cemento-osseous dysplasia of the jaws].
11  coefficient of divergence
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
EC (3 times)
OC (2 times)
PAHs (2 times)
2012 Intra-urban spatial variability and uncertainty assessment of PM2.5 sources based on carbonaceous species.
12  carotid occlusive disease
(10 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
CFR (2 times)
AAA (1 time)
AH (1 time)
1991 Risk factor analysis for the major hazards following heart transplantation--rejection, infection, and coronary occlusive disease.
13  co-occurring substance use and mental disorders
(10 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(7 times)
SUD (2 times)
IPV (1 time)
MTC (1 time)
2004 Women with co-occurring substance use and mental disorders (COD) in the criminal justice system: a research review.
14  childhood-onset depression
(9 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
ER (2 times)
EEG (1 time)
ERP (1 time)
2005 Affect-modulated startle in adults with childhood-onset depression: relations to bipolar course and number of lifetime depressive episodes.
15  co-occurring mental health and substance abuse disorders
(9 times)
Health Services
(2 times)
CAAPE (1 time)
MDO (1 time)
NCJTP (1 time)
2003 The promise of prison-based treatment for dually diagnosed inmates.
16  Crystallography Open Database
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ADP (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
CIF (1 time)
2009 Crystallography Open Database - an open-access collection of crystal structures.
17  changeover delay
(7 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
--- 1962 Independence of concurrent responding maintained by interval schedules of reinforcement.
18  carbon oxygen demand
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
CH (1 time)
EPS (1 time)
MW (1 time)
2011 Carbofuran degradation by the application of MW-assisted H₂O₂ process.
19  corneal optical density
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
ACD (1 time)
ACV (1 time)
BVDV (1 time)
1985 Prevalence of serum antibodies to herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2: application of an ELISA technique to 100 cases of anogenital herpes.
20  crack opening displacement
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
AFM (2 times)
DIC (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2011 Sub-10-micrometer toughening and crack tip toughness of dental enamel.
21  cone dystrophy
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
RP (3 times)
CORD (2 times)
CRD (2 times)
1998 ABCR unites what ophthalmologists divide(s)
22  chitin oligosaccharide deacetylase
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CE (2 times)
GlcNAc-GlcN (2 times)
CBDs (1 time)
2007 The chitin catabolic cascade in the marine bacterium Vibrio cholerae: characterization of a unique chitin oligosaccharide deacetylase.
23  chronic oxygen dependency
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
PCA (2 times)
FRC (1 time)
GA (1 time)
1997 Chronic oxygen dependency in infants born at 24-32 weeks' gestation: the role of antenatal and neonatal factors.
24  calcium oxalate dihydrate crystals
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CaOx (2 times)
Ca (1 time)
COM (1 time)
1987 Calcium oxalate crystal interaction with rat renal inner papillary collecting tubule cells.
25  CaOx dihydrate
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CaOx (2 times)
COM (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2001 Intratubular crystallization of calcium oxalate in the presence of membrane vesicles: an in vitro study.
26  carotid obstructive disease
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CAD (2 times)
CAS (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
2010 Clinical outcome after endovascular, surgical or hybrid revascularisation in patients with combined carotid and coronary artery disease: the Finalised Research In ENDovascular Strategies Study Group (FRIENDS).
27  cloud optical depth
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AIEs (1 time)
AOT (1 time)
CCF (1 time)
2015 Daytime Land Surface Temperature Extraction from MODIS Thermal Infrared Data under Cirrus Clouds.
28  Coefficient of Determination
(3 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
CGM (1 time)
DST (1 time)
PEM (1 time)
1989 Dynamic skinfold measurements to assess fluid status in low birthweight infants. Part 1: Data acquisition and processing.
29  coefficient of oxygen delivery
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CB (1 time)
CI (1 time)
COLD (1 time)
1987 Mixed venous blood oxygen tension is not a good predictor of survival in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease.
30  costal diaphragm
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CRD (3 times)
CS (2 times)
PI (2 times)
1985 Muscle fibre types in costal and crural diaphragm in normal men and in patients with moderate chronic respiratory disease.
31  calibrated opacity density
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
DWI (1 time)
MMP-2 (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of invasiveness of astrocytoma using 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy: correlation with expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2.
32  catalyst, derived from Ni
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2004 Room-temperature Ni0-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions of aryl arenesulfonates with arylboronic acids.
33  Caverno-occlusive dysfunction
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CC-EMG (2 times)
EACC (1 time)
1998 Caverno-occlusive and autonomic dysfunction: a new concept in young patients.
34  change of direction ability
(2 times)
Mechanical Phenomena
(1 time)
CMJH (1 time)
HFT (1 time)
MVIC (1 time)
2015 Effects of Traditional Versus Horizontal Inertial Flywheel Power Training on Common Sport-Related Tasks.
35  chemical organic demand
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ADSW (1 time)
IASBR (1 time)
SRT (1 time)
2003 Tannery wastewater characterization and toxicity effects on Daphnia spp.
36  chemical oxygen demand removal
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
HAIB (1 time)
MEC (1 time)
2001 Influence of the liquid-phase mass transfer on the performance of a packed-bed bioreactor for wastewater treatment.
37  children with other diseases
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
GMT (2 times)
HC (2 times)
VMC (2 times)
1997 [Diagnostic value of the heart-reactive autoantibodies for viral myocarditis in children].
38  clade-oriented database
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
SGN (2 times)
MODs (1 time)
solgenomics.net (1 time)
2008 A community-based annotation framework for linking solanaceae genomes with phenomes.
39  closed-orbit distortion
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
ASPS (1 time)
BBA (1 time)
BPM (1 time)
1998 New beam-position monitor system for upgraded Photon Factory storage ring.
40  co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorder
(2 times)
Diagnosis, Dual (Psychiatry)
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
2017 A Post-Hurricane Katrina Examination of Substance Abuse Treatment Discharges With Co-Occurring Psychiatric and Substance Use Disorders.
41  COD/L
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BaFs (1 time)
MBR (1 time)
TN (1 time)
2012 Enhanced denitrification with external carbon sources in a biological anoxic filter.
42  CODdis
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
AH (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2001 Anaerobic treatment of domestic sewage at low temperature.
43  codeine phosphate
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CAF (1 time)
FSG (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2018 3D spongy graphene-modified screen-printed sensors for the voltammetric determination of the narcotic drug codeine.
44  CODtot
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
HRT (1 time)
OLR (1 time)
TMR (1 time)
2006 Uncertainties of spectral in situ measurements in wastewater using different calibration approaches.
45  coefficient of dispersion
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ALD (1 time)
GAPDH (1 time)
HKG (1 time)
2005 Proficiency testing in immunopathology: establishing the homogeneity of test material.
46  Collaborative Organization Design
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
VUH/TVC (2 times)
1994 Computer tools to support collaborative organization design: definition and analysis of the work at the Vanderbilt University Hospital and Clinic.
47  College of Dentistry
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
UNMC (1 time)
2006 A historical perspective on the University of Nebraska Medical Center's College of Dentistry Class of 1961.
48  Common Otology Database
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ABG (1 time)
AC (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2009 Prospective effectiveness of stapes surgery for otosclerosis in a multicenter audit setting: feasibility of the Common Otology Database as a benchmark database.
49  composite osteo-chondral device
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
TFM (2 times)
PVA (1 time)
PVA-H (1 time)
2001 Biomechanics and repair of articular cartilage.
50  computer to observer difference
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
AHS (1 time)
ALL (1 time)
GM (1 time)
2009 Automatic segmentation of magnetic resonance images using a decision tree with spatial information.
51  control diet
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
FO (1 time)
IHB (1 time)
2011 A ketogenic diet impairs energy and glucose homeostasis by the attenuation of hypothalamic leptin signaling and hepatic insulin signaling in a rat model of non-obese type 2 diabetes.
52  corresponding Rh
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CO (1 time)
2006 Rh(I) and Ir(i) derivatives of a P(S),N-substituted indene ligand: synthetic, structural, and catalytic alkene hydrosilylation studies.
53  Council of Deans
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
COF (1 time)
2000 Educational support for nursing and midwifery students with dyslexia.
54  cystic ovarian degeneration
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
CL (1 time)
EV (1 time)
hCG (1 time)
1995 Ultrasonography and endocrinology of ovarian dysfunctions induced in heifers with estradiol valerate.
55  (1,3,5-cyclooctatriene)ruthenium) and (Pt(CH(3))(2)
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
dppb (1 time)
2013 On the influence of diphosphine ligands on the chemical order in small RuPt nanoparticles: combined structural and surface reactivity studies.
56  (eta(4)-1,5-cyclooctadiene)(eta(6)-1,3,5-cyclooctatriene)ruthenium(0), Ru
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ILs (1 time)
RuNPs (1 time)
2010 A novel stabilisation model for ruthenium nanoparticles in imidazolium ionic liquids: in situ spectroscopic and labelling evidence.
57  1,3-cyclohexadienes from reactions of RCpCo
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2008 Synthesis and selectivity in the formation of cyclophosphazene-derived 1,3-cyclohexadienes from reactions of RCpCo(COD) [R = MeOC(O)] with alkynes and alkenes.
58  1,5-cyclooctadiene complexes M
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Synthesis of new late transition metal P,P-, P,N-, and P,O- complexes using phosphonium dimers as convenient ligand precursors.
59  acetate-chemical oxygen demand
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MLSS (1 time)
2002 Influence of phenol on cultures of acetate-fed aerobic granular sludge.
60  bond-containing 1,6-enynes with N2CHSiMe3 in the presence of RuCl
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2007 Selective ruthenium-catalyzed transformations of enynes with diazoalkanes into alkenylbicyclo[3.1.0]hexanes.
61  C-aryl glycosides, reactions employing Ni
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DMF (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
2008 Diastereoselective Ni-catalyzed Negishi cross-coupling approach to saturated, fully oxygenated C-alkyl and C-aryl glycosides.
62  C-OMe bonds catalyzed by Ni
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Combined experimental and theoretical study on the reductive cleavage of inert C-O bonds with silanes: ruling out a classical Ni(0)/Ni(II) catalytic couple and evidence for Ni(I) intermediates.
63  calibrated optical densities
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2003 Longitudinal serological responses to Salmonella enterica of growing pigs in a subclinically infected herd.
64  camera-to-object distances
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2018 Edge Modeling by Two Blur Parameters in Varying Contrasts.
65  can also be obtained in a one-pot reaction involving Ni
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Divergent reactivity of a new dinuclear xanthene-bridged bis(iminopyridine) di-nickel complex with alkynes.
66  can be obtained by an ordinary Ni
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Synthesis of Substituted Trinaphthylenes.
67  can be prepared by hydrogenation of Ru
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 POP-pincer ruthenium complexes: d(6) counterparts of osmium d(4) species.
68  Cancer Odor Database
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2017 Cancer Odor Database (COD): a critical databank for cancer diagnosis research.
69  cancerization of ducts
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
HG-PanIN (1 time)
PDAC (1 time)
2018 Cancerization of the Pancreatic Ducts: Demonstration of a Common and Under-recognized Process Using Immunolabeling of Paired Duct Lesions and Invasive Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma for p53 and Smad4 Expression.
70  candidates for a precatalyst, (dfmpe)Ni
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CD-H (1 time)
HAA (1 time)
2008 Catalytic tuning of a phosphinoethane ligand for enhanced C-H activation.
71  Carbon Organic Demand
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HS-SPME (1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
2018 The use of non-adapted anaerobic consortium in batch reactors enable to couple polychlorinated biphenyl degradation and community adaptation.
72  carbon sources and m(P)/m
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PAO and GAO (1 time)
2013 [Kinetic model of enhanced biological phosphorus removal with mixed acetic and propionic acids as carbon sources. (III): Model application].
73  carbon-limited
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
mMABR (1 time)
2011 Limitations encountered for the treatment of a low C:N waste using a modified membrane-aerated biofilm reactor.
74  carbon>chemical oxygen demand
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DOM (1 time)
UV (1 time)
2010 Effect of landfill characteristics on leachate organic matter properties and coagulation treatability.
75  cardiac output
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
Hct (1 time)
i.d (1 time)
IM (1 time)
1993 The effects of pentoxifylline on the relative perfusion of tumours growing in three sites in the mouse.
76  cardiac output determination
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Cardiac output determined by ultrasound-Doppler: clinical applications.
77  cardiac output distribution
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
MCA (1 time)
NA (1 time)
1993 Blood flow modification by nicotinamide and metoclopramide in mouse tumours growing in different sites.
78  cardiology outpatient department
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
SIFUP (1 time)
2005 Impact of a structured intensive follow-up program on the control of hypertension in coronary patients--a randomized trial.
79  cash-on-delivery
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2000 Cigars, youth, and the Internet link.
80  castrated odor deprived males
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
GAD (1 time)
IOD (1 time)
1996 Glutamic acid decarboxylase activity of the olfactory bulb in male rats is influenced by olfactory stimuli and hormonal status.
81  catalyst can be utilized as an alternative to Ni
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 trans-Chloro(1-naphthyl)bis(triphenylphosphine)nickel(II)/PCy3 catalyzed cross-coupling of aryl and heteroaryl neopentylglycolboronates with aryl and heteroaryl mesylates and sulfamates at room temperature.
82  catalyst prepared from allyl 2-diphenylphosphinobenzoate, Ni
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2003 Heterodimerization of olefins. 1. Hydrovinylation reactions of olefins that are amenable to asymmetric catalysis.
83  catastrophic optical damage
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
LD (1 time)
2016 Unveiling laser diode "fossil" and the dynamic analysis for heliotropic growth of catastrophic optical damage in high power laser diodes.
84  cathode size on power generation depended on the substrate strength
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MFCs (1 time)
2011 Increasing power generation for scaling up single-chamber air cathode microbial fuel cells.
85  Cause of Death Registry
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2017 A 12-year National Study of Suicide by Jumping From Bridges in Norway.
86  cellular level by NanoSIMS revealed that low
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
GAO (1 time)
2017 Managing the excessive proliferation of glycogen accumulating organisms in industrial activated sludge by nitrogen supplementation: A FISH-NanoSIMS approach.
87  centering- on-demand device
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
2000 Buttoned Device for Atrial Septal Defect Occlusion.
88  centering-on-demand
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Centering-on-demand buttoned device: its role in transcatheter occlusion of atrial septal defects.
89  Centers of Domestication
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2010 Evaluation of diversity among common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) from two centers of domestication using 'omics' technologies.
90  Central orbital depth
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
HD (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
2018 Orbital volume and shape in Treacher Collins syndrome.
91  Centroid-of-distribution
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
SI (1 time)
2017 Data-driven event-by-event respiratory motion correction using TOF PET list-mode centroid of distribution.
92  Cerebral oxygen delivery
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CBF (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2016 Anemia rather than hypertension contributes to cerebral hyperperfusion in young adults undergoing hemodialysis: A phase contrast MRI study.
93  cerebro-occlusive disease
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EC-IC (1 time)
2017 Proposing a validated clinical app predicting hospitalization cost for extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery.
94  CF(3)SO(3))) and formally zwitterionic (((kappa(2)-3-P(i)Pr(2)-2-NMe(2)-indenide)Rh
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Can a formally zwitterionic rhodium(I) complex emulate the charge density of a cationic rhodium(I) complex? A combined synchrotron X-ray and theoretical charge-density study.
95  change-of-direction sprint
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
STG (1 time)
2014 Long-term strength training effects on change-of-direction sprint performance.
96  characterization-of-decoupler
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 1999 Novel methods for characterizing a decoupler channel using "undetectable" quantum coherences.
97  chelating agent towards Pd
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Platinum and palladium complexes of thiosemicarbazones derived of 2-acetylthiophene: Synthesis and spectral studies.
98  chemical demand of oxygen
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ETA (1 time)
NPPs (1 time)
nZVI (1 time)
2017 Enhanced removal of ethanolamine from secondary system of nuclear power plant wastewater by novel hybrid nano zero-valent iron and pressurized ozone initiated oxidation process.
99  chemical overdose
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2003 The impact of donor chemical overdose on the outcome of liver transplantation.
100  chemical oxygen demand : biochemical oxygen demand
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MSW (1 time)
2009 Tertiary treatment of landfill leachates by adsorption.