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Abbreviation: COI
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Long forms: 172

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
c oxidase subunit I
(889 times)
Molecular Biology
(144 times)
cytb (42 times)
ITS2 (29 times)
mtDNA (26 times)
1983 Genes for cytochrome c oxidase subunit I, URF2, and three tRNAs in Drosophila mitochondrial DNA.
cytochrome oxidase I
(541 times)
Zoology
(94 times)
mtDNA (22 times)
cytb (21 times)
ITS (17 times)
1986 The URF 5 gene of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii mitochondria: DNA sequence and mode of transcription.
cytochrome oxidase subunit I
(500 times)
Zoology
(96 times)
mtDNA (23 times)
cytb (22 times)
PCR (11 times)
1985 RNA splicing in Neurospora mitochondria. Defective splicing of mitochondrial mRNA precursors in the nuclear mutant cyt18-1.
conflicts of interest
(334 times)
Medicine
(62 times)
GRADE (15 times)
PICO (13 times)
OPD (11 times)
2001 Conflict of interest policies in science and medical journals: editorial practices and author disclosures.
c oxidase I
(307 times)
Molecular Biology
(57 times)
PCR (13 times)
mtDNA (12 times)
cytb (11 times)
1993 Nuclear and mitochondrial genetic markers highly conserved between Chinese and Philippine Schistosoma japonicum.
cost of illness
(200 times)
Public Health
(38 times)
MS (8 times)
VSL (7 times)
WTP (7 times)
1982 Problems in measuring the cost of illness.
cut-off index
(75 times)
Gastroenterology
(23 times)
M2BPGi (17 times)
HCC (14 times)
CHB (10 times)
1989 Prevention of vertical transmission of hepatitis B virus by yeast recombinant hepatitis B vaccine.
c oxidase I gene
(19 times)
Molecular Biology
(6 times)
NJ (2 times)
RAG1 (2 times)
ML (1 time)
2007 Molecular characterization of the Anopheles maculipennis complex during surveillance for the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens.
Child Opportunity Index
(16 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
ED (3 times)
CI (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
2017 The Child Opportunity Index and Disparities in Pediatric Asthma Hospitalizations Across One Ohio Metropolitan Area, 2011-2013.
10  cardiac output index
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
EF (4 times)
HR (4 times)
CAL (3 times)
1997 [Quantification of brain perfusion SPECT with N-isopropyl-p-iodoamphetamine using noninvasive microsphere method: estimation of arterial input by dynamic imaging].
11  complexity of infection
(14 times)
Tropical Medicine
(8 times)
He (2 times)
MOI (2 times)
SNP (2 times)
2001 Plasmodium falciparum genotypes, low complexity of infection, and resistance to subsequent malaria in participants in the Asembo Bay Cohort Project.
12  current of injury
(14 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (3 times)
EGM (2 times)
2005 Current of injury predicts adequate active lead fixation in permanent pacemaker/defibrillation leads.
13  cyclooxygenase inhibition
(12 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
LLL (4 times)
EDRF (2 times)
INDO (2 times)
1983 Effects of cyclooxygenase inhibitors on plasma and urinary kallikrein.
14  Canine Orthopedic Index
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
OA (4 times)
CBPI (2 times)
FA (2 times)
2014 The Canine Orthopedic Index. Step 2: Psychometric testing.
15  Chronic orthostatic intolerance
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
POTS (4 times)
HR (3 times)
BP (2 times)
1998 Chronic orthostatic intolerance: a disorder with discordant cardiac and vascular sympathetic control.
16  cavity of injury
(6 times)
Neuropharmacology
(2 times)
SCI (6 times)
DEX (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2019 Myxoma virus derived immune modulating proteins, M-T7 and Serp-1, reduce early inflammation after spinal cord injury in the rat model.
17  center of interest
(5 times)
Eye Diseases
(2 times)
CVL (3 times)
FOV (1 time)
IA (1 time)
2003 Pixel-based criteria-oriented analysis of time-lapse Ca2+-fluorescence images.
18  charge-ordered insulator
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
FMM (2 times)
DWs (1 time)
MFM (1 time)
2007 Near-field evidence for ferromagnetic "nanoneedles" in Nd1/2Sr1/2MnO3.
19  compound of interest
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
fMRI (1 time)
HILIC (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2009 [A brain functional connectivity analysis based on independent component analysis].
20  c oxidase subunit I gene fragment
(4 times)
Parasitology
(3 times)
Cory (1 time)
2014 A new species of the feather mite genus Rhinozachvatkinia (Acari: Avenzoariidae) from Calonectris shearwaters (Procellariiformes: Procellariidae): integrating morphological descriptions with DNA barcode data.
21  cytochrome c subunit I
(4 times)
Animal Population Groups
(2 times)
DVM (1 time)
QTP (1 time)
2013 Behavioral, ecological and genetic differentiation in an open environment--a study of a mysid population in the Baltic Sea.
22  capecitabine, oxaliplatinand irinotecan
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
OS (2 times)
RFS (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2007 Capecitabine plus oxaliplatin and irinotecan regimen every other week: a phase I/II study in first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer.
23  central obesity indexes
(3 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
BFD (2 times)
CP (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1983 A body measurement to evaluate the pattern of fat distribution in central obesity. A screening and monitoring technique for Cushing's syndrome.
24  condition of interest
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GPB (1 time)
MSVT (1 time)
NV-MSVT (1 time)
2012 The effect of chronic conditions on stated preferences for health.
25  continuous opioid infusion
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
NICU (2 times)
PNCA (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2014 Is there an alternative to continuous opioid infusion for neonatal pain control? A preliminary report of parent/nurse-controlled analgesia in the neonatal intensive care unit.
26  cost-of-illness studies
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2008 Cost-of-illness studies and cost-effectiveness analyses in anxiety disorders: a systematic review.
27  cytochrome oxidase subunit I mitochondrial gene
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Global phylogeography of the widely introduced North West Pacific ascidian Styela clava.
28  carbon monoxide intoxication
(2 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2008 [Long-term psychiatric consequences of carbon monoxide poisoning: a case report and literature review].
29  cardiac output
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
A-V diff (1 time)
MAT (1 time)
Mb (1 time)
1988 Cardiovascular reactivity to physical and psychologic stress during long-term treatment with nitrendipine in essential hypertension.
30  Career Orientation Inventory
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
MSQ (1 time)
1998 Prediction of nurses' job satisfaction level.
31  children of immigrants
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
FI (1 time)
NI (1 time)
2016 Longitudinal Trajectories of Food Insecurity Among Children of Immigrants.
32  closest relative A. urbiae
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
MOTUs (1 time)
2014 DNA barcodes and phylogenetic affinities of the terrestrial slugs Arion gilvus and A. ponsi (Gastropoda,Pulmonata, Arionidae).
33  collagen orientation index
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
DIC (1 time)
FFT (1 time)
SHG (1 time)
2012 Adaptation of the dermal collagen structure of human skin and scar tissue in response to stretch: an experimental study.
34  community-onset infections
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
CP-CRE (1 time)
CRE (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
2012 An abbreviated MLVA identifies Escherichia coli ST131 as the major extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing lineage in the Copenhagen area.
35  comparative phylogeographic analysis
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2009 Do insects lose flight before they lose their wings? Population genetic structure in subalpine stoneflies.
36  conditions or by using DNA sequence data
(2 times)
Animal Population Groups
(2 times)
--- 2019 Gyretes Brulle (Coleoptera: Gyrinidae) from Brazil: Morphology of eggs and early instars.
37  coronatine-insensitive
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
JA (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2021 Tomato COI gene family identification and expression under abiotic and phytohormone stress.
38  country-of-origin image
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
ERP (1 time)
2018 Neural correlates of country-of-origin image (COI) stereotype.
39  protein-coding genes
(2 times)
DNA, Mitochondrial
(1 time)
--- 2015 The complete mitochondrial genome sequence of an Isospora sp. (Eimeriidae, Eucoccidiorida, Coccidiasina, Apicomplexa) causing systemic coccidiosis in domestic Canaries (Serinus canaria Linn.).
40  protein-coding genes, one gene
(2 times)
DNA, Mitochondrial
(2 times)
--- 2014 The complete mitochondrial genome of orb-weaving spider Araneus ventricosus (Araneae: Araneidae).
41  approaches-cost of illness averted
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
LMICs (1 time)
VSL (1 time)
VSLY (1 time)
2021 Economic Benefits of Immunization for 10 Pathogens in 94 Low- and Middle-Income Countries From 2011 to 2030 Using Cost-of-Illness and Value-of-Statistical-Life Approaches.
42  c oxidase gene, subunit I
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
BINs (1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
2022 DNA barcoding of the horsefly fauna (Diptera, Tabanidae) of Croatia with notes on the morphology and taxonomy of selected species from Chrysopsinae and Tabaninae.
43  C oxidase I marker gene
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2021 Just keep it simple? Benchmarking the accuracy of taxonomy assignment software in metabarcoding studies.
44  c oxidase I mitochondrial gene
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Morphological and Genetic Differentiation within the Southernmost Vector of Chagas Disease: Triatoma patagonica (Hemiptera - Reduviidae).
45  c oxidase subunit I gene in the mitochondrion
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 Morphology and life history divergence in cave and surface populations of Gammarus lacustris (L.).
46  c oxidase subunit I sequences
(1 time)
--- 2016 A new quill mite Syringophiloidus plocei sp. nov. (Prostigmata: Syringophilidae) parasitizing ploceid birds (Passeriformes) in Gabon - a combined description using morphology and DNA barcoding.
47  C Oxidase type I
(1 time)
DNA, Mitochondrial
(1 time)
--- 2015 DNA barcoding to fishes: current status and future directions.
48  C. faridpaki is assessed based on morphological and molecular
(1 time)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
--- 2017 Cobitis keyvani, a junior synonym of Cobitis faridpaki (Teleostei: Cobitidae).
49  calcaneal offset index
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
WB (1 time)
2022 Calcaneal offset index to measure hindfoot alignment in pes planus.
50  can be diagnosed using mitochondrial
(1 time)
--- 2017 An Integrated Morphological and Molecular Approach to A New Species Description of Amphipods in the Niphargidae from Two Caves in West of Iran.
51  candidate species were inferred using mitochondrial
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2020 A Species delimitation approach to uncover cryptic species in the South American fire ant decapitating flies (Diptera: Phoridae: Pseudacteon).
52  carbon occupancy index
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2019 Analysis of the decoupling effect and eco-economic coordination of the resident energy carbon footprint: a case study of Caijiapo Town, a national key town in western China.
53  cardiac oblique invagination
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
GERD (1 time)
2006 [Long-term outcome of antireflux surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease].
54  cardiac output measurement
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
LV (1 time)
1993 Measurement of absolute blood iodine concentration during digital subtraction ventriculography.
55  categories of interests
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
IMs (1 time)
NCA (1 time)
ROIs (1 time)
2020 Biomarkers of Seizure Activity in Patients With Intracranial Metastases and Gliomas: A Wide Range Study of Correlated Regions of Interest.
56  cell orientation index
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Endothelial cell morphometry near branch junctions of rabbit aortae.
57  cellular orthotopic injection
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
SOI (1 time)
1999 Development of a high metastatic orthotopic model of human renal cell carcinoma in nude mice: benefits of fragment implantation compared to cell-suspension injection.
58  celPCR to dPCR for species-specific primer pairs amplifying mitochondrial DNA
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
celPCR (1 time)
dPCR (1 time)
eDNA (1 time)
2021 Endpoint PCR coupled with capillary electrophoresis (celPCR) provides sensitive and quantitative measures of environmental DNA in singleplex and multiplex reactions.
59  Center of Innovation
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Introduction of the site for Center of Innovation (COI) program - research and development on Mibyou (disease-oriented condition) control system using safe and high quality Kampo medicine (traditional Japanese medicine) and information and communication technology.
60  center of insertion
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 2014 Dimensions and attachments of the ankle ligaments: evaluation for ligament reconstruction.
61  central SOM being the most genetically different from other populations
(1 time)
BGP (1 time)
BPT (1 time)
CLS (1 time)
2021 Mitochondrial Markers Identify a Genetic Boundary of the Green Tiger Prawn (Penaeus semisulcatus) in the Indo-Pacific Ocean.
62  Centre and Institute of Oncology in Gliwice in Poland
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2015 The risk factors of toxicity during chemotherapy and radiotherapy in breast cancer patients according to the presence of BRCA gene mutation.
63  channel-of-interests
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ASSR (1 time)
CEEMD (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2015 Extractions of steady-state auditory evoked fields in normal subjects and tinnitus patients using complementary ensemble empirical mode decomposition.
64  characters, a partial mitochondrial gene
(1 time)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
--- 2016 Evolution in karst massifs: Cryptic diversity among bent-toed geckos along the Truong Son Range with descriptions of three new species and one new country record from Laos.
65  characters, and mitochondrial DNA
(1 time)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
--- 2013 Revision and phylogeny of the caddisfly subfamily Protoptilinae (Trichoptera: Glossosomatidae) inferred from adult morphology and mitochondrial DNA.
66  chemical odor intolerance
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2004 Associations between chemical odor intolerance and sleep disturbances in community-living adults.
67  chicken ovoinhibitor
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BBI (1 time)
LBI (1 time)
PMNs (1 time)
1987 Chymotrypsin-specific protease inhibitors decrease H2O2 formation by activated human polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
68  children of other immigrants
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
1987 Mutual involvement and alienation in families of Holocaust survivors.
69  chilled on slush ice
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CORT (1 time)
FW (1 time)
IQF (1 time)
1997 Shackling of broilers: effects on stress responses and breast meat quality.
70  Chinese Trigonidiinae species was reconstructed based on one mitochondrial fragment
(1 time)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
ECNU (1 time)
2020 The first phylogenetic study of sword-tail crickets from China inferred from COI, 18S and 28S genes, with the establishment of two new genera and description of one new species (Orthoptera: Grylloidea: Trigonidiidae).
71  Chinese, Taiwanese, and Vietnamese populations of X. glabratus using mitochondrial
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Genetic Variability Among Xyleborus glabratus Populations Native to Southeast Asia (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae: Xyleborini) and the Description of Two Related Species.
72  chloro-organic insecticides
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
PCB (1 time)
1989 [Determination of residues of organochlorine insecticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in cereals, feeds and water].
73  chloroplast genetic markers
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
LGM (1 time)
2009 Kelp genes reveal effects of subantarctic sea ice during the Last Glacial Maximum.
74  chronic ocular ischemia
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2002 Extracranial cerebrovascular revascularization for chronic ocular ischemia.
75  Chronic olfactory inflammation
(1 time)
Psychoneuroimmunology
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
MCs (1 time)
OB (1 time)
2022 Pathological consequences of chronic olfactory inflammation on neurite morphology of olfactory bulb projection neurons.
76  cine organ imaging
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 2007 Renal sonography with 2-dimensional versus cine organ imaging: preliminary results.
77  circumstances of the injury
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
aOR (1 time)
2022 Circumstances of injury in children with abusive versus non-abusive injuries.
78  classic oblique incision
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
IPBSN (1 time)
MOI (1 time)
2021 A modified oblique incision in hamstring tendon graft harvesting during ACL reconstruction.
79  classification of interest
(1 time)
Genetic Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2012 The impact of classification of interest on predictive toxicogenomics.
80  Cliffs of Insanity
(1 time)
--- 2018 A new microvertebrate assemblage from the Mussentuchit Member, Cedar Mountain Formation: insights into the paleobiodiversity and paleobiogeography of early Late Cretaceous ecosystems in western North America.
81  closed orthopaedic incisional
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
NPWT (1 time)
2015 Reviewing the benefits and harm of NPWT in the management of closed surgical incisions.
82  CO subunit I
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CO (1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
1993 Mitochondrial and nuclear gene expression for cytochrome oxidase subunits are disproportionately regulated by functional activity in neurons.
83  co-contraction index
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
sEMG-BF (1 time)
ST (1 time)
VL (1 time)
2022 Auditory sEMG biofeedback for reducing muscle co-contraction during pedaling.
84  coalescent species tree analyses of a portion of one mitochondrial
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Gene trees, species trees, and morphology converge on a similar phylogeny of living gars (Actinopterygii: Holostei: Lepisosteidae), an ancient clade of ray-finned fishes.
85  coding region of mtDNA
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Exceptionally High Levels of Genetic Diversity in Wheat Curl Mite (Acari: Eriophyidae) Populations from Turkey.
86  codon position
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
BI (1 time)
ML (1 time)
MP (1 time)
2012 Molecular phylogenetics of Oestroidea (Diptera: Calyptratae) with emphasis on Calliphoridae: insights into the inter-familial relationships and additional evidence for paraphyly among blowflies.
87  coefficient of inbreeding
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DLA (1 time)
GRs (1 time)
STR (1 time)
2019 Genetic heterogeneity and diversity of North American golden retrievers using a low density STR marker panel.
88  colistin-only-intermediate
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
CNSPA (1 time)
COS (1 time)
MBLs (1 time)
2009 Dissemination of transposon Tn6001 in carbapenem-non-susceptible and extensively drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Taiwan.
89  collected for each individual to allow genetic analyses using mitochondrial
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 A morphological and phylogenetic investigation into divergence among sympatric Australian southern bull kelps (Durvillaea potatorum and D. amatheiae sp. nov.).
90  combination of a morphological matrix, one mitochondrial
(1 time)
--- 2013 Phylogenetic relationships of Hamadryas (Nymphalidae: Biblidinae) based on the combined analysis of morphological and molecular data.
91  combine mitochondrial
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2021 Pleistocene allopatric differentiation followed by recent range expansion explains the distribution and molecular diversity of two congeneric crustacean species in the Palaearctic.
92  combined genetic data
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AEB (1 time)
ESUs (1 time)
MAR (1 time)
2013 High connectivity across the fragmented chemosynthetic ecosystems of the deep Atlantic Equatorial Belt: efficient dispersal mechanisms or questionable endemism?
93  combined molecular data
(1 time)
Animal Population Groups
(1 time)
--- 2021 Three new species of emLamprigera/em Motschulsky (Coleoptera, Lampyridae) from China, with notes on known species.
94  combined operative interventions
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2015 [Combined operative interventions for locally-spread diseases of large bowel].
95  combining and filtering metabarcoding data obtained from three different markers
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2020 Morphological vs. DNA metabarcoding approaches for the evaluation of stream ecological status with benthic invertebrates: Testing different combinations of markers and strategies of data filtering.
96  Combining the mitogenomic data
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
--- 2022 Xenosyangi sp. nov.: A new twisted-wing parasite species (Strepsiptera, Xenidae) from Gaoligong Mountains, Southwest China.
97  Commission of Inquiry
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2008 When unequals are treated equally: the 2002 commission of inquiry into Orica's Geomelt proposal.
98  common barcoding gene
(1 time)
--- 2018 Distribution and population structure in the naked goby Gobiosoma bosc (Perciformes: Gobiidae) along a salinity gradient in two western Atlantic estuaries.
99  commonly used as barcoding gene
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Phylogeny of venus clams (Bivalvia: Venerinae) as inferred from nuclear and mitochondrial gene sequences.
100  commonly used barcoding marker
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
bp (1 time)
prey (1 time)
2012 Sliding window analyses for optimal selection of mini-barcodes, and application to 454-pyrosequencing for specimen identification from degraded DNA.