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Abbreviation: CON
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Long forms: 790

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
control
(2780 times)
Physiology
(573 times)
EX (84 times)
HR (59 times)
DM (57 times)
1975 Occurrence in wild strains of Neurospora crassa of genes controlling genetic recombination.
control group
(606 times)
Physiology
(98 times)
EX (27 times)
RT (17 times)
EXP (16 times)
1986 Effects of confinement, previous experience and hippocampal damage on the DRL schedule.
control diet
(228 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(82 times)
HF (16 times)
LPS (15 times)
HFD (14 times)
1989 Adaptive response of rats with diet-induced adiposity to energy restriction.
concentric
(161 times)
Physiology
(75 times)
ECC (151 times)
EMG (20 times)
ISO (14 times)
1989 Bilateral eccentric and concentric torque of quadriceps and hamstring muscles in females and males.
condition
(89 times)
Physiology
(35 times)
PV (4 times)
ET (3 times)
HIIT (3 times)
1992 The effects of two levels of caffeine ingestion on excess postexercise oxygen consumption in untrained women.
conventional
(82 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(19 times)
ORG (11 times)
INT (5 times)
SCS (5 times)
1987 Creep of amalgam at low stresses.
Certificate of Need
(75 times)
Health Services
(21 times)
CABG (7 times)
PCI (5 times)
CI (2 times)
1976 The impact of certificate-of need controls on hospital investment.
control rats
(68 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
RES (5 times)
CLA (4 times)
BHB (3 times)
1984 Volume-independent reductions in glomerular filtration rate in acute chloride-depletion alkalosis in the rat. Evidence for mediation by tubuloglomerular feedback.
control subjects
(57 times)
Endocrinology
(15 times)
BMI (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
ECG (2 times)
1981 Exercise performance in marathon runners with airway obstruction.
10  control trial
(37 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
CHO (4 times)
EX (4 times)
FFA (4 times)
1988 Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on exercise metabolism.
11  cingulo-opercular network
(31 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
DMN (14 times)
FPN (11 times)
FC (6 times)
2012 Cortico-striatal disconnection within the cingulo-opercular network in schizophrenia revealed by intrinsic functional connectivity analysis: a resting fMRI study.
12  continuous
(30 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
INT (12 times)
CYC (3 times)
AL (2 times)
1983 Determination of maximal aerobic power during upper-body exercise.
13  compressive optic neuropathy
(28 times)
Ophthalmology
(22 times)
SD-OCT (5 times)
TED (5 times)
GO (4 times)
1990 Orbital decompression in vision-threatening endocrine-related orbital disease.
14  control session
(18 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
BP (3 times)
DBP (2 times)
ES (2 times)
2008 Hypotensive effects of exercise performed around anaerobic threshold in type 2 diabetic patients.
15  control treatment
(18 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
ISS (2 times)
RES (2 times)
8-OHdG (1 time)
1992 Research note: influence of ahemeral light:dark cycles on egg traits in brown egg pullets.
16  contrast
(14 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
COR (7 times)
GLCM (6 times)
ASM (4 times)
1996 The influence of a relaxation parameter on SPECT iterative reconstruction algorithms.
17  concentrate
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
PUFA (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2005 Colour and lipid oxidation changes in dry-cured loins from free-range reared and intensively reared pigs as affected by ionizing radiation dose level.
18  control animals
(13 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CAO (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
1985 Intimal hyperplasia in autogenous vein grafts used for arterial bypass: a canine model.
19  conventional starter
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AM (2 times)
A2M (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
2004 A chronic disease management programme can reduce days in hospital for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
20  control participants
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
AT (2 times)
CTS (2 times)
ESP (2 times)
2007 Further evidence of attention bias for negative information in late life depression.
21  Constraint
(9 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
NEM (7 times)
PEM (6 times)
MPQ (3 times)
2002 A developmental perspective on personality in emerging adulthood: childhood antecedents and concurrent adaptation.
22  cooling
(9 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
SLIV (2 times)
Tm (2 times)
Tre (2 times)
2001 The influence of whole-body vs. torso pre-cooling on physiological strain and performance of high-intensity exercise in the heat.
23  carbogen and nicotinamide
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
RT (3 times)
HR (2 times)
OS (2 times)
1993 Should carbogen and nicotinamide be given throughout the full course of fractionated radiotherapy regimens?
24  control patients
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
APT (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
ON (2 times)
1992 Murine pregnancies predisposed to spontaneous resorption show alterations in the concentrations of leukotriene B4 and prostaglandin E2.
25  Controls
(8 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
2-DG (1 time)
ACL (1 time)
ACSA (1 time)
1984 Serum creatine kinase and alkaline phosphatase in experimental small bowel infarction.
26  concentration
(7 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
MOT (3 times)
VOL (2 times)
A-MOT (1 time)
1992 Standardization and comparability of CASA instruments.
27  Congenital obstructive nephropathy
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CKD (2 times)
mgb (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
2010 Pathogenesis of renal injury in the megabladder mouse: a genetic model of congenital obstructive nephropathy.
28  contraction
(7 times)
Science
(2 times)
ACV (1 time)
ADV (1 time)
Ang I (1 time)
1985 Effects of converting enzyme inhibitors: ramipril and enalapril on peptide action and sympathetic neurotransmission in the isolated heart.
29  control network
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SAL (6 times)
DAN (5 times)
DMN (5 times)
2014 Divergent task-dependent functional connectivity of executive control and salience networks.
30  control smokers
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
IPI (2 times)
SCZ (2 times)
BF (1 time)
2003 Chronic treatment with carvedilol improves ventricular function and reduces myocyte apoptosis in an animal model of heart failure.
31  corn and soybean meal
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
DDGS (3 times)
ADG (2 times)
BW (2 times)
2003 Effect of supplemental nutrient source on heifer growth and reproductive performance, and on utilization of corn silage-based diets by beef steers.
32  consensus
(6 times)
Virology
(2 times)
COT (2 times)
HIV-1 (2 times)
ANC (1 time)
1997 p53 interference and growth inhibition in p53-mutant and overexpressing endometrial cancer cell lines.
33  containing no supplemental fat
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
FA (4 times)
FR (2 times)
PK (2 times)
2016 Short communication: Lactational responses to palmitic acid supplementation when replacing soyhulls or dry ground corn.
34  control handling
(6 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CSS (3 times)
CSD (2 times)
3-HK (1 time)
2012 The physiological and behavioral response of pigs castrated with and without anesthesia or analgesia.
35  cingulo-opercular
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
FPN (5 times)
DAN (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2016 Perceptual demand and distraction interactions mediated by task-control networks.
36  concurrent
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
SEQ (2 times)
ACI (1 time)
AEs (1 time)
1995 Interdigitating versus concurrent chemotherapy and radiotherapy for limited small cell lung cancer.
37  congruent
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
INC (3 times)
fMRI (2 times)
INCON (2 times)
2004 Functional subdivisions within anterior cingulate cortex and their relationship to autonomic nervous system function.
38  content
(5 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ALLO (1 time)
ANDRO (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
1989 Effect of ANP on sustained aldosterone secretion stimulated by angiotensin II.
39  control individuals
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
Adr (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CON neutrophils (1 time)
1994 Fibrinogen, t-PA, and PAI-1 plasma levels in patients with pulmonary hypertension.
40  control intervention
(5 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
BDS (1 time)
BFRRE (1 time)
2015 Remote ischemic preconditioning delays fatigue development during handgrip exercise.
41  control setting
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CWI (2 times)
CORT (1 time)
FF (1 time)
1989 Effects of ad libitum and restricted feeding on semen quantity and quality, body composition, and blood chemistry of caged broiler breeder males.
42  College of Nursing
(4 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
CHP (1 time)
EBP (1 time)
GPA (1 time)
2000 Development and implementation of a semester program in Mexico for senior nursing students.
43  constant load
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
INT (3 times)
HR (1 time)
INC (1 time)
2000 Gender differences in sweat lactate.
44  continent
(4 times)
Urology
(2 times)
PFM (2 times)
SUI (2 times)
COL (1 time)
2014 Exercising for food: bringing the laboratory closer to nature.
45  contractions
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ECC (3 times)
EIMD (1 time)
Fm (1 time)
2002 Effects of transient muscle contractions and stretching on the tendon structures in vivo.
46  control diet with no added Met
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
Met (2 times)
DM (1 time)
LDHA (1 time)
2018 Maternal supply of methionine during late pregnancy is associated with changes in immune function and abundance of microRNA and mRNA in Holstein calf polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
47  control fat supplement
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CLA (5 times)
DIM (2 times)
AT (1 time)
2011 Effects of long-term supplementation of dairy cow diets with rumen-protected conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) on performance, metabolic parameters and fatty acid profile in milk fat.
48  conventional milking system
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
MULTI (2 times)
AWIRS (1 time)
DE (1 time)
2002 A new pedaling design: the Rotor--effects on cycling performance.
49  conventional therapy
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
DCCT (3 times)
EDIC (3 times)
INT (3 times)
2002 Early tracheostomy does not improve outcome in burn patients.
50  conventional training
(4 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
FM (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2005 Biomechanical and physiological comparison of conventional webbing and the M83 assault vest.
51  corn-soybean meal basal diet
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
GSH-Px (2 times)
IgA (2 times)
SBP (2 times)
2019 Effects of Different Selenium Sources on Laying Performance, Egg Selenium Concentration, and Antioxidant Capacity in Laying Hens.
52  corn-soybean meal diet
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BW (1 time)
CP (1 time)
DDGS (1 time)
2013 High sulfur content in corn dried distillers grains with solubles protects against oxidized lipids by increasing sulfur-containing antioxidants in nursery pigs.
53  cornstarch
(4 times)
Food
(2 times)
DCGF (1 time)
DDG (1 time)
DFs (1 time)
2000 The effects of corn milling coproducts on growth performance and diet digestibility by beef cattle.
54  Canadian Obesity Network
(3 times)
Patient Care Team
(1 time)
GPs (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2008 The Canadian Obesity Network and interprofessional practice: members' views.
55  carrier only
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
DFM (1 time)
FA (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2003 Effects of live cultures of Lactobacillus acidophilus (strains NP45 and NP51) and Propionibacterium freudenreichii on performance, carcass, and intestinal characteristics, and Escherichia coli strain O157 shedding of finishing beef steers.
56  catheter-over-needle
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
CTN (3 times)
ROM (1 time)
SAX-IP (1 time)
2012 Less leakage and dislodgement with a catheter-over-needle versus a catheter-through-needle approach for peripheral nerve block: an ex vivo study.
57  Commission on the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CBN (3 times)
1968 IUPAC Commission on the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry (CON) and IUPAC-IUB Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature (CBN).
58  concentrically
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ECC (3 times)
BMC (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2007 Isokinetic training increases ulnar bending stiffness and bone mineral in young women.
59  concomitantly
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
SEQ (2 times)
CDA (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
2004 Epirubicin-cyclophosphamide adjuvant chemotherapy plus tamoxifen administered concurrently versus sequentially: randomized phase III trial in postmenopausal node-positive breast cancer patients. A GEICAM 9401 study.
60  concrete
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BCS (1 time)
DCEM (1 time)
POLY (1 time)
2009 The effect of floor surface on dairy cow immune function and locomotion score.
61  conidia
(3 times)
Immunity
(1 time)
BALF (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
HAE (1 time)
2007 Animal models for protein respiratory sensitizers.
62  conservative
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
ARDS/ALI (1 time)
CVC (1 time)
2009 Less is more: improved outcomes in surgical patients with conservative fluid administration and central venous catheter monitoring.
63  constant
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
VAR (3 times)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2008 Influence of feedback schedule in motor performance and learning of a lumbar multifidus muscle task using rehabilitative ultrasound imaging: a randomized clinical trial.
64  continuous exercise
(3 times)
Food
(1 time)
HIIE (2 times)
T1DM (2 times)
BDNF (1 time)
2015 Effects of High-Intensity Interval Exercise versus Moderate Continuous Exercise on Glucose Homeostasis and Hormone Response in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Using Novel Ultra-Long-Acting Insulin.
65  contralateral
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
ips (2 times)
GM (1 time)
HK (1 time)
2012 Reduced hexokinase II impairs muscle function 2 wk after ischemia-reperfusion through increased cell necrosis and fibrosis.
66  contralateral limb
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
BTX (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1993 Chronic stimulation-induced changes in mitochondria and performance in rat skeletal muscle.
67  control children
(3 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
CC (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2004 Bimanual coordination in alcohol-exposed children: role of the corpus callosum.
68  control exercise
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
BFRE (1 time)
COX (1 time)
FBF (1 time)
2015 Exercise vasodilation is greater in women: contributions of nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase.
69  control hybrid
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
REF (2 times)
2003 Effect of feeding glyphosate-tolerant (roundup-ready events GA21 or nk603) corn compared with reference hybrids on feedlot steer performance and carcass characteristics.
70  control series
(3 times)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
APU (1 time)
IPU (1 time)
NUD (1 time)
1991 Young onset peptic ulcer disease and non-ulcer dyspepsia are separate entities.
71  control test
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
DE (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
EX (1 time)
1996 Comparative effects of acute volume expansion and short-term training on thermal and cardiovascular responses to prolonged exercise.
72  control, basal diet
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ADG (1 time)
BW (1 time)
G/F (1 time)
2014 Effect of Bacillus subtilis C-3102 spores as a probiotic feed supplement on growth performance, noxious gas emission, and intestinal microflora in broilers.
73  corn oil
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ALB (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
1996 Effect of peripheral concentrations of progesterone on follicular growth and fertility in ewes.
74  corn-soybean meal
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
DDGS (2 times)
TBARS (2 times)
C-SBM (1 time)
2014 Effects of feeding diets containing highly peroxidized distillers dried grains with solubles and increasing vitamin E levels to wean-finish pigs on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and pork fat composition.
75  counterparts
(3 times)
Physical Exertion
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CARTs (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
2010 Effects of long-term feeding of genetically modified corn (event MON810) on the performance of lactating dairy cows.
76  db-control
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
ADPNRs (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2007 A multi-component exercise regimen to prevent functional decline and bone fragility in home-dwelling elderly women: randomized, controlled trial.
77  cage-control
(2 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
GPD (1 time)
1997 Effects of muscle length on the response to unloading.
78  carotid baroreflex function at rest
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HR (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
MSNA (2 times)
2002 Modulation of arterial baroreflex dynamic response during muscle metaboreflex activation in humans.
79  castration
(2 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CAS (2 times)
Hp (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2010 Physiology and behavior of pigs before and after castration: effects of two topical anesthetics.
80  chiasmatic optic nerve
(2 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
MON (2 times)
RON (2 times)
1982 Development of the optic nerve in Xenopus laevis. I. Early development and organization.
81  choline in their chow
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
SUP (2 times)
2007 Prenatal choline supplementation increases sensitivity to time by reducing non-scalar sources of variance in adult temporal processing.
82  chronically with vehicle
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CORT (2 times)
GC (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2013 Effect of corticosterone on growth and welfare of broiler chickens showing long or short tonic immobility.
83  colloidal organic nitrogen
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BNR (1 time)
DON (1 time)
microN (1 time)
2010 Fate of organic nitrogen in four biological nutrient removal wastewater treatment plants.
84  CON trial
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
ET (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2012 Impact of intensive high-fat ingestion in the early stage of recovery from exercise training on substrate metabolism during exercise in humans.
85  conalbumin
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CID (1 time)
Lys (1 time)
MALDI (1 time)
2016 Elevated IL-5 and IL-13 responses to egg proteins predate the introduction of egg in solid foods in infants with eczema.
86  concentrate diet
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
VA (2 times)
WPB (2 times)
FA (1 time)
2015 Fatty acid metabolism in lambs fed citrus pulp.
87  concentrate mixture
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
NDF (1 time)
2015 Substitution of common concentrates with by-products modulated ruminal fermentation, nutrient degradation, and microbial community composition in vitro.
88  condensation
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
ECoG (1 time)
MD (1 time)
1997 Cochlear microphonics in Meniere's disease.
89  confidence
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GRS (2 times)
OSATS (2 times)
PT (2 times)
2013 Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) evaluation of theoretical versus hands-on training of vaginal breech delivery management: a randomized trial.
90  confinement
(2 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
FFL (1 time)
2008 Effects of deep-bedded finishing system on market pig performance, composition and pork quality.
91  confluency
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BLL (1 time)
BRL (1 time)
DD (1 time)
1997 Culture of bovine embryos in buffalo rat liver cell-conditioned media or with leukemia inhibitory factor.
92  conformation
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FAT (2 times)
BL (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2009 A model with heterogeneous thresholds for subjective traits: fat cover and conformation score in the Pirenaica beef cattle.
93  congestion
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FAI (1 time)
FLA (1 time)
GLY (1 time)
1999 Evaluation of the dose-response relationship for intra-nasal oxymetazoline hydrochloride in normal adults.
94  Congo
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
AVA (1 time)
BDA (1 time)
1970 Congo (CON) strain. 3011.
95  conivaptan
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
AVP (2 times)
CCK-8 (1 time)
CFs (1 time)
2011 Differentiation of arginine vasopressin antagonistic effects by selective V2 versus dual V2/V1a receptor blockade in a preclinical heart failure model.
96  Connectin
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
Dfd (1 time)
1997 Neuromuscular target recognition by a homophilic interaction of connectin cell adhesion molecules in Drosophila.
97  conspecific songs
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BOS (2 times)
STRF (1 time)
2012 Linear and nonlinear auditory response properties of interneurons in a high-order avian vocal motor nucleus during wakefulness.
98  constant power
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
VAR (2 times)
CL (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
2010 Effects of cycle strategy and fibre composition on muscle glycogen depletion pattern and subsequent running economy.
99  construct type with similarly treated patients with early-onset scoliosis
(2 times)
SKD (2 times)
2018 Early-Onset Spinal Deformity in Skeletal Dysplasias: A Multicenter Study of Growth-Friendly Systems.
100  Consultant
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ICC (1 time)
PRHO (1 time)
SHO (1 time)
1994 Reduction in junior doctors' hours in an otolaryngology unit: effects on the 'out of hours' working patterns of all grades.