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Abbreviation: CON
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
control
(2406 times)
Physiology
(532 times)
EX (78 times)
HR (51 times)
DM (48 times)
1975 Occurrence in wild strains of Neurospora crassa of genes controlling genetic recombination.
control group
(505 times)
Physiology
(83 times)
EX (26 times)
EXP (13 times)
INT (13 times)
1986 Effects of confinement, previous experience and hippocampal damage on the DRL schedule.
control diet
(181 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(70 times)
LPS (14 times)
HF (11 times)
HFD (10 times)
1989 Adaptive response of rats with diet-induced adiposity to energy restriction.
concentric
(150 times)
Physiology
(72 times)
ECC (139 times)
EMG (20 times)
ISO (13 times)
1989 Bilateral eccentric and concentric torque of quadriceps and hamstring muscles in females and males.
condition
(76 times)
Physiology
(32 times)
ET (3 times)
PCr (3 times)
PLA (3 times)
1992 The effects of two levels of caffeine ingestion on excess postexercise oxygen consumption in untrained women.
Certificate of Need
(73 times)
Health Services Research
(21 times)
CABG (7 times)
PCI (5 times)
CI (2 times)
1976 The impact of certificate-of need controls on hospital investment.
conventional
(73 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(18 times)
ORG (10 times)
INT (5 times)
LAP (4 times)
1987 Creep of amalgam at low stresses.
control subjects
(53 times)
Endocrinology
(15 times)
BMI (2 times)
COPD (2 times)
EGP (2 times)
1981 Exercise performance in marathon runners with airway obstruction.
control trial
(36 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
CHO (4 times)
EX (4 times)
FFA (4 times)
1988 Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on exercise metabolism.
10  control rats
(31 times)
Physiology
(11 times)
CLA (4 times)
STZ (3 times)
a.p (2 times)
1984 Volume-independent reductions in glomerular filtration rate in acute chloride-depletion alkalosis in the rat. Evidence for mediation by tubuloglomerular feedback.
11  continuous
(28 times)
Sports Medicine
(8 times)
INT (11 times)
CYC (3 times)
AL (2 times)
1983 Determination of maximal aerobic power during upper-body exercise.
12  cingulo-opercular network
(25 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
DMN (10 times)
FPN (7 times)
FC (5 times)
2012 Cortico-striatal disconnection within the cingulo-opercular network in schizophrenia revealed by intrinsic functional connectivity analysis: a resting fMRI study.
13  compressive optic neuropathy
(24 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
TED (5 times)
GO (4 times)
ONH (4 times)
1990 Orbital decompression in vision-threatening endocrine-related orbital disease.
14  control treatment
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(9 times)
ISS (2 times)
RES (2 times)
8-OHdG (1 time)
1992 Research note: influence of ahemeral light:dark cycles on egg traits in brown egg pullets.
15  control dogs
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
ED (2 times)
HED (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
1986 Physiological characteristics of a molt and second cycle of egg laying in turkey breeder hens.
16  control session
(15 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
BP (2 times)
DBP (2 times)
ES (2 times)
2008 Hypotensive effects of exercise performed around anaerobic threshold in type 2 diabetic patients.
17  contrast
(12 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
COR (5 times)
GLCM (5 times)
ASM (3 times)
1996 The influence of a relaxation parameter on SPECT iterative reconstruction algorithms.
18  control animals
(12 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CAO (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
1985 Intimal hyperplasia in autogenous vein grafts used for arterial bypass: a canine model.
19  concentrate
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
ADL (1 time)
AL (1 time)
CLS (1 time)
2005 Colour and lipid oxidation changes in dry-cured loins from free-range reared and intensively reared pigs as affected by ionizing radiation dose level.
20  control participants
(10 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
AT (2 times)
CTS (2 times)
ACL (1 time)
2007 Further evidence of attention bias for negative information in late life depression.
21  concentration
(9 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
MOT (3 times)
Sec (3 times)
Te (2 times)
1992 Standardization and comparability of CASA instruments.
22  carbogen and nicotinamide
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
RT (3 times)
HR (2 times)
OS (2 times)
1993 Should carbogen and nicotinamide be given throughout the full course of fractionated radiotherapy regimens?
23  Constraint
(8 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
NEM (6 times)
PEM (5 times)
MPQ (3 times)
2002 A developmental perspective on personality in emerging adulthood: childhood antecedents and concurrent adaptation.
24  contractions
(8 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
ECC (4 times)
Ang I (1 time)
beta-VLDL (1 time)
1985 Effects of converting enzyme inhibitors: ramipril and enalapril on peptide action and sympathetic neurotransmission in the isolated heart.
25  controlled
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
RES (4 times)
OVER (2 times)
ACa (1 time)
2009 Effects of caloric restriction on inflammatory periodontal disease.
26  Controls
(8 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
2-DG (1 time)
ACL (1 time)
ACSA (1 time)
1984 Serum creatine kinase and alkaline phosphatase in experimental small bowel infarction.
27  conventional medicine
(8 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
AM (2 times)
CAM (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2004 A chronic disease management programme can reduce days in hospital for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
28  Congenital obstructive nephropathy
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CKD (2 times)
mgb (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
2010 Pathogenesis of renal injury in the megabladder mouse: a genetic model of congenital obstructive nephropathy.
29  control patients
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
APT (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
ON (2 times)
1992 Murine pregnancies predisposed to spontaneous resorption show alterations in the concentrations of leukotriene B4 and prostaglandin E2.
30  control smokers
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
IPI (2 times)
SCZ (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
2003 Chronic treatment with carvedilol improves ventricular function and reduces myocyte apoptosis in an animal model of heart failure.
31  cooling
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
Tre (2 times)
TS (2 times)
Tsk (2 times)
2001 The influence of whole-body vs. torso pre-cooling on physiological strain and performance of high-intensity exercise in the heat.
32  control cows
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
NEFA (2 times)
aa (1 time)
BHBA (1 time)
2012 Effect of beta-hydroxy beta-methyl butyrate supplementation of sows in late gestation and lactation on sow production of colostrum and milk and piglet performance.
33  control network
(6 times)
Brain
(3 times)
SAL (6 times)
DAN (4 times)
DMN (4 times)
2014 Divergent task-dependent functional connectivity of executive control and salience networks.
34  cingulo-opercular
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
FPN (5 times)
DAN (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2016 Perceptual demand and distraction interactions mediated by task-control networks.
35  consensus
(5 times)
Virology
(2 times)
COT (2 times)
HIV-1 (2 times)
ANC (1 time)
1997 p53 interference and growth inhibition in p53-mutant and overexpressing endometrial cancer cell lines.
36  containing no supplemental fat
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
FA (3 times)
FR (2 times)
PK (2 times)
2016 Short communication: Lactational responses to palmitic acid supplementation when replacing soyhulls or dry ground corn.
37  control handling
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CSD (2 times)
CSS (2 times)
3-HK (1 time)
2012 The physiological and behavioral response of pigs castrated with and without anesthesia or analgesia.
38  control individuals
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
Adr (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CON neutrophils (1 time)
1994 Fibrinogen, t-PA, and PAI-1 plasma levels in patients with pulmonary hypertension.
39  control setting
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
CWI (2 times)
CORT (1 time)
FF (1 time)
1989 Effects of ad libitum and restricted feeding on semen quantity and quality, body composition, and blood chemistry of caged broiler breeder males.
40  corn and soybean meal
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
DDGS (3 times)
BW (2 times)
PKE (2 times)
2003 Effect of supplemental nutrient source on heifer growth and reproductive performance, and on utilization of corn silage-based diets by beef steers.
41  College of Nursing
(4 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
CHP (1 time)
EBP (1 time)
GPA (1 time)
2000 Development and implementation of a semester program in Mexico for senior nursing students.
42  concurrent
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ACI (1 time)
CR (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1995 Interdigitating versus concurrent chemotherapy and radiotherapy for limited small cell lung cancer.
43  congruent
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
INC (2 times)
INCON (2 times)
RT (2 times)
2004 Functional subdivisions within anterior cingulate cortex and their relationship to autonomic nervous system function.
44  constant load
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
INT (3 times)
HR (1 time)
INC (1 time)
2000 Gender differences in sweat lactate.
45  content
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ALLO (1 time)
ANDRO (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
1989 Effect of ANP on sustained aldosterone secretion stimulated by angiotensin II.
46  control fat supplement
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CLA (5 times)
DIM (2 times)
AT (1 time)
2011 Effects of long-term supplementation of dairy cow diets with rumen-protected conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) on performance, metabolic parameters and fatty acid profile in milk fat.
47  control intervention
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
BFRRE (1 time)
CFAS (1 time)
2015 Remote ischemic preconditioning delays fatigue development during handgrip exercise.
48  conventional milking cluster
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
MULTI (2 times)
AWIRS (1 time)
DE (1 time)
2002 A new pedaling design: the Rotor--effects on cycling performance.
49  conventional therapy
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
DCCT (3 times)
EDIC (3 times)
INT (3 times)
2002 Early tracheostomy does not improve outcome in burn patients.
50  conventional training
(4 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
FM (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2005 Biomechanical and physiological comparison of conventional webbing and the M83 assault vest.
51  cornstarch
(4 times)
Food
(2 times)
DCGF (1 time)
DDG (1 time)
DFs (1 time)
2000 The effects of corn milling coproducts on growth performance and diet digestibility by beef cattle.
52  4-controls
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
ADPNRs (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2007 A multi-component exercise regimen to prevent functional decline and bone fragility in home-dwelling elderly women: randomized, controlled trial.
53  Canadian Obesity Network
(3 times)
Patient Care Team
(1 time)
GPs (1 time)
IP (1 time)
2008 The Canadian Obesity Network and interprofessional practice: members' views.
54  catheter-over-needle
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
CTN (3 times)
ROM (1 time)
SAX-IP (1 time)
2012 Less leakage and dislodgement with a catheter-over-needle versus a catheter-through-needle approach for peripheral nerve block: an ex vivo study.
55  Commission on the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CBN (3 times)
1968 IUPAC Commission on the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry (CON) and IUPAC-IUB Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature (CBN).
56  concrete
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BCS (1 time)
DCEM (1 time)
Poly (1 time)
2009 The effect of floor surface on dairy cow immune function and locomotion score.
57  conidia
(3 times)
Immunity
(1 time)
BALF (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
HAE (1 time)
2007 Animal models for protein respiratory sensitizers.
58  conservative
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
ARDS/ALI (1 time)
CVC (1 time)
2009 Less is more: improved outcomes in surgical patients with conservative fluid administration and central venous catheter monitoring.
59  constant
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
VAR (3 times)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2008 Influence of feedback schedule in motor performance and learning of a lumbar multifidus muscle task using rehabilitative ultrasound imaging: a randomized clinical trial.
60  contingent
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
COL (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
2014 Exercising for food: bringing the laboratory closer to nature.
61  continuous exercise
(3 times)
Food
(1 time)
HIIE (2 times)
T1DM (2 times)
BDNF (1 time)
2015 Effects of High-Intensity Interval Exercise versus Moderate Continuous Exercise on Glucose Homeostasis and Hormone Response in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Using Novel Ultra-Long-Acting Insulin.
62  contralateral
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
ips (2 times)
GM (1 time)
HK (1 time)
2012 Reduced hexokinase II impairs muscle function 2 wk after ischemia-reperfusion through increased cell necrosis and fibrosis.
63  contralateral side
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
BTX (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1993 Chronic stimulation-induced changes in mitochondria and performance in rat skeletal muscle.
64  control children
(3 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
CC (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2004 Bimanual coordination in alcohol-exposed children: role of the corpus callosum.
65  control exercise
(3 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
BFRE (1 time)
COX (1 time)
FBF (1 time)
2015 Exercise vasodilation is greater in women: contributions of nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase.
66  control hybrid
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
REF (2 times)
2003 Effect of feeding glyphosate-tolerant (roundup-ready events GA21 or nk603) corn compared with reference hybrids on feedlot steer performance and carcass characteristics.
67  control series
(3 times)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
APU (1 time)
IPU (1 time)
NUD (1 time)
1991 Young onset peptic ulcer disease and non-ulcer dyspepsia are separate entities.
68  control test
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
DE (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
EX (1 time)
1996 Comparative effects of acute volume expansion and short-term training on thermal and cardiovascular responses to prolonged exercise.
69  Control/basal diet
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ADG (1 time)
BW (1 time)
G/F (1 time)
2014 Effect of Bacillus subtilis C-3102 spores as a probiotic feed supplement on growth performance, noxious gas emission, and intestinal microflora in broilers.
70  corn oil
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ALB (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
1996 Effect of peripheral concentrations of progesterone on follicular growth and fertility in ewes.
71  counterparts
(3 times)
Exercise
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CARTs (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
2010 Effects of long-term feeding of genetically modified corn (event MON810) on the performance of lactating dairy cows.
72  carotid baroreflex function at rest
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
HR (2 times)
MAP (2 times)
MSNA (2 times)
2002 Modulation of arterial baroreflex dynamic response during muscle metaboreflex activation in humans.
73  carrier only
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
DFM (1 time)
LA (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2003 Effects of live cultures of Lactobacillus acidophilus (strains NP45 and NP51) and Propionibacterium freudenreichii on performance, carcass, and intestinal characteristics, and Escherichia coli strain O157 shedding of finishing beef steers.
74  castration
(2 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CAS (2 times)
Hp (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2010 Physiology and behavior of pigs before and after castration: effects of two topical anesthetics.
75  chiasmatic optic nerve
(2 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
MON (2 times)
RON (2 times)
1982 Development of the optic nerve in Xenopus laevis. I. Early development and organization.
76  choline in their chow
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ED (2 times)
SUP (2 times)
2007 Prenatal choline supplementation increases sensitivity to time by reducing non-scalar sources of variance in adult temporal processing.
77  chronically with vehicle
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CORT (2 times)
GC (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2013 Effect of corticosterone on growth and welfare of broiler chickens showing long or short tonic immobility.
78  colloidal organic nitrogen
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BNR (1 time)
DON (1 time)
microN (1 time)
2010 Fate of organic nitrogen in four biological nutrient removal wastewater treatment plants.
79  CON trial
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
ET (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2012 Impact of intensive high-fat ingestion in the early stage of recovery from exercise training on substrate metabolism during exercise in humans.
80  concentrate mixture
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
NDF (1 time)
2015 Substitution of common concentrates with by-products modulated ruminal fermentation, nutrient degradation, and microbial community composition in vitro.
81  conception
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FAI (1 time)
FLA (1 time)
GLY (1 time)
1999 Evaluation of the dose-response relationship for intra-nasal oxymetazoline hydrochloride in normal adults.
82  condensation
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
ECoG (1 time)
MD (1 time)
1997 Cochlear microphonics in Meniere's disease.
83  confidence
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GRS (2 times)
OSATS (2 times)
PT (2 times)
2013 Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS) evaluation of theoretical versus hands-on training of vaginal breech delivery management: a randomized trial.
84  confinement
(2 times)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
FFL (1 time)
2008 Effects of deep-bedded finishing system on market pig performance, composition and pork quality.
85  confluency
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BLL (1 time)
BRL (1 time)
DD (1 time)
1997 Culture of bovine embryos in buffalo rat liver cell-conditioned media or with leukemia inhibitory factor.
86  conformation
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
FAT (2 times)
BL (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2009 A model with heterogeneous thresholds for subjective traits: fat cover and conformation score in the Pirenaica beef cattle.
87  Congo
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
AVA (1 time)
BDA (1 time)
1970 Congo (CON) strain. 3011.
88  conivaptan
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
AVP (2 times)
CCK-8 (1 time)
CFs (1 time)
2011 Differentiation of arginine vasopressin antagonistic effects by selective V2 versus dual V2/V1a receptor blockade in a preclinical heart failure model.
89  conspecific songs
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BOS (2 times)
STRF (1 time)
2012 Linear and nonlinear auditory response properties of interneurons in a high-order avian vocal motor nucleus during wakefulness.
90  constant power
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
VAR (2 times)
CL (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
2010 Effects of cycle strategy and fibre composition on muscle glycogen depletion pattern and subsequent running economy.
91  consumed normal
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
HF (2 times)
HF-LEP (2 times)
CON-CF (1 time)
2003 High-fat diet and leptin treatment alter skeletal muscle insulin-stimulated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity and glucose transport.
92  continuously
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
aa (1 time)
eIF (1 time)
FAS (1 time)
2012 Anabolic signaling and protein deposition are enhanced by intermittent compared with continuous feeding in skeletal muscle of neonates.
93  control adults
(2 times)
Sports
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
HTW (1 time)
IR-Arg (1 time)
2016 A Slow- Compared with a Fast-Release Form of Oral Arginine Increases Its Utilization for Nitric Oxide Synthesis in Overweight Adults with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in a Randomized Controlled Study.
94  control buffer
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ACM (1 time)
GLP-2 (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
2014 Modulation of visceral fat adipokine secretion by dietary fatty acids and ensuing changes in skeletal muscle inflammation.
95  control cohort
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
A, G, and M (1 time)
AA (1 time)
ATH (1 time)
2006 Cerebral oximetry improves detection of sickle cell patients at risk for nocturnal cerebral hypoxia.
96  control comparison
(2 times)
Compulsive Behavior
(1 time)
US (3 times)
AA (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2011 Ultrasonically set novel NVC-containing glass-ionomer cements for applications in restorative dentistry.
97  control diet without lysine supplementation
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
CCK (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
2010 The effect of plant protein-based diet supplemented with dipeptide or free amino acids on digestive tract morphology and PepT1 and PepT2 expressions in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.).
98  control fetuses
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
FOXO (1 time)
IUGR (1 time)
2012 A physiological increase in insulin suppresses gluconeogenic gene activation in fetal sheep with sustained hypoglycemia.
99  control group that maintained their usual activities
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
BFRT (1 time)
FT (1 time)
HIT (1 time)
2013 Muscular adaptations after two different volumes of blood flow-restricted training.
100  Control hearts
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CAR (1 time)
IS (1 time)
LVDP (1 time)
2003 Sodium-hydrogen exchanger inhibition, pharmacologic ischemic preconditioning, or both for extended cardiac allograft preservation.