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Abbreviation: COS
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Long forms: 240

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
chitosan oligosaccharide
(458 times)
Biochemistry
(80 times)
DP (27 times)
NO (14 times)
ROS (14 times)
1990 Synthesis and antitumor activity of conjugates of 5-fluorouracil and chito-oligosaccharides involving a hexamethylene spacer group and carbamoyl bonds.
controlled ovarian stimulation
(441 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(181 times)
IVF (88 times)
ICSI (53 times)
ART (46 times)
1987 [The study of the controlled ovarian stimulation and sperm capacitated AIH for the treatment of refractory infertility].
core outcome set
(311 times)
Medicine
(117 times)
COMET (49 times)
RCTs (29 times)
HCPs (9 times)
2013 Can a core outcome set improve the quality of systematic reviews?--a survey of the Co-ordinating Editors of Cochrane Review Groups.
carbonyl sulfide
(155 times)
Chemistry
(36 times)
CA (17 times)
DMS (9 times)
GPP (6 times)
1975 Toxicological implications of the mixed-function oxidase catalyzed metabolism of carbon disulfide.
childhood-onset schizophrenia
(122 times)
Psychiatry
(82 times)
AOS (19 times)
MRI (10 times)
GM (9 times)
1997 Pubertal development and onset of psychosis in childhood onset schizophrenia.
conserved orthologous set
(31 times)
Genetics
(17 times)
ESTs (4 times)
SNPs (3 times)
SSR (3 times)
2003 Fine mapping of the parthenocarpic fruit ( pat) mutation in tomato.
crossover sign
(22 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
PWS (12 times)
FAI (8 times)
AR (5 times)
2009 Acetabular retroversion in military recruits with femoral neck stress fractures.
castor oil seeds
(20 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
PEPC (10 times)
BTPC (5 times)
PEP (3 times)
1992 Plant cytosolic pyruvate kinase: a kinetic study.
curve of Spee
(18 times)
Orthodontics
(13 times)
CBCT (2 times)
AALL (1 time)
ANB (1 time)
2007 Leveling the curve of Spee with a continuous archwire technique: a long term cephalometric study.
10  Canadian Ophthalmological Society
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
AAO (4 times)
AGREE (3 times)
CPGs (2 times)
1982 Eye injuries in canadian racquet sports.
11  conditional overall survival
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CS (6 times)
CRFS (3 times)
OS (3 times)
2016 Conditional Survival of Patients With Metastatic Testicular Germ Cell Tumors Treated With First-Line Curative Therapy.
12  cone outer segment
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
ROS (7 times)
CIS (2 times)
CAR (1 time)
1984 The influence of light on cone disk shedding in the lizard, Sceloporus occidentalis.
13  conventional open surgery
(14 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
MIS (4 times)
LCR (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
2001 Results of an aortic endograft trial: impact of device failure beyond 12 months.
14  cheiro-oral syndrome
(13 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
DWI (1 time)
NCS (1 time)
STA-MCA (1 time)
1988 Cheiro-oral syndrome: does it have a specific localizing value?
15  chitosan oligomers
(13 times)
Botany
(3 times)
OGA (3 times)
SA (2 times)
DES (1 time)
2010 Chitosan oligosaccharides modulate the supramolecular conformation and the biological activity of oligogalacturonides in Arabidopsis.
16  Costunolide
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
DEH (4 times)
Bax (2 times)
Bcl-2 (2 times)
2012 [Study on stability of major pharmaceutical ingredients of vladimiriae radix before and after being roasted in artificial gastric juice, artificial intestinal juice and isolated rat gastric, intestinal or colonic incubation juice].
17  charge-on-spring
(10 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
DME (1 time)
Ih (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2004 Charge-on-spring polarizable water models revisited: from water clusters to liquid water to ice.
18  chitosan
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TLR4 (2 times)
BUN (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2005 Effect of dietary supplementation of chitosan and galacto-mannan-oligosaccharide on serum parameters and the insulin-like growth factor-I mRNA expression in early-weaned piglets.
19  corticosterone
(8 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
PTZ (3 times)
CA (1 time)
CO (1 time)
1985 The in vitro response of turkey lymphocytes to steroid hormones.
20  carbon oxidation state
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
AOS (4 times)
COD (3 times)
TOC (2 times)
2010 Catalytic ozonation-biological coupled processes for the treatment of industrial wastewater containing refractory chlorinated nitroaromatic compounds.
21  choline-O-sulfate
(7 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
AD (1 time)
APS (1 time)
CGenFF (1 time)
1977 Further studies on the formation of choline sulfate by bacteria.
22  clinical outcome status
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
18F-FDG PET (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CTO (1 time)
2011 Defining the clinical outcome status (COS) in sarcoidosis: results of WASOG Task Force.
23  clinical overall score
(7 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
ppp (1 time)
1995 Can psychological traits predict the outcome of lumbar disc surgery when anamnestic and physiological risk factors are controlled for? Results of a prospective cohort study.
24  calcined oyster shells
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
WOS (3 times)
FA (2 times)
CAHs (1 time)
2013 Stabilization of lead and copper contaminated firing range soil using calcined oyster shells and fly ash.
25  chondroblastic osteosarcoma
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
OS (2 times)
SEER (2 times)
C-index (1 time)
2014 Chondroblastic osteosarcoma of the left zygomatic bone: Rare case report and review of the literature.
26  colistin-only-sensitive
(6 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
PFGE (2 times)
APACHE II (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2006 [Molecular epidemiological study of colistin-only-sensitive strains of multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii].
27  Camellia oleifera shell
(5 times)
Technology
(3 times)
DP (2 times)
XOS (2 times)
AC (1 time)
2019 Comparative study on characteristics of the bio-oil from microwave-assisted pyrolysis of lignocellulose and triacylglycerol.
28  chronic obstructive sialadenitis
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
SG (2 times)
COSS (1 time)
ES (1 time)
2005 [The value of endoscopy for the diagnosis and treatment of obstructive salivary gland diseases].
29  Clinical outcome scores
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CNS (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
GLDC (1 time)
1986 Prediction of outcome in inpatient alcoholics.
30  colistin-only-susceptible
(5 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
VAP (3 times)
GNB (2 times)
AKI (1 time)
2009 Dissemination of transposon Tn6001 in carbapenem-non-susceptible and extensively drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Taiwan.
31  correlation spectroscopy
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
FTIR (4 times)
EEM (2 times)
EfOM (1 time)
2014 Two-dimensional correlation spectroscopic analysis on the interaction between humic acids and TiO2 nanoparticles.
32  cross-orientation suppression
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SOA (1 time)
1998 Binocular cross-orientation suppression in the cat's striate cortex.
33  carbon oxysulfide
(4 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CcaA (1 time)
1979 Composition and structure of the venus atmosphere: results from pioneer venus.
34  Center for Open Science
(4 times)
Evidence-Based Medicine
(1 time)
APA (1 time)
BPS (1 time)
ICMJE (1 time)
2018 Striving for transparent and credible research: practical guidelines for behavioral ecologists.
35  Centre for Ophthalmic Specialised Care
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CSCR (1 time)
EIA (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2010 Fluorescein angiographic findings and clinical features in Fuchs' uveitis.
36  cerebral oxygen status
(4 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(3 times)
NIRS (2 times)
ACM (1 time)
AGT (1 time)
2000 In-flight cerebral oxygen status: continuous monitoring by near-infrared spectroscopy.
37  chitooligomers
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DP (3 times)
SPP (2 times)
DPPH (1 time)
2012 Separation and scavenging superoxide radical activity of chitooligomers with degree of polymerization 6-16.
38  Circle of Security
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
COS-P (1 time)
FASD (1 time)
FBB-E (1 time)
2014 A randomized controlled trial comparing Circle of Security Intervention and treatment as usual as interventions to increase attachment security in infants of mentally ill mothers: Study Protocol.
39  community-onset strokes
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IHS (4 times)
EVT (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2016 Risk profile and treatment options of acute ischemic in-hospital stroke.
40  Consequences of Screening
(4 times)
Patient Reported Outcome Measures
(1 time)
COH (1 time)
COS-CRC (1 time)
COS-LC (1 time)
2010 Consequences of screening in lung cancer: development and dimensionality of a questionnaire.
41  crack onset strain
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
PCE (2 times)
all-PSCs (1 time)
FCBS (1 time)
2011 Cohesive strength of nanocrystalline ZnO:Ga thin films deposited at room temperature.
42  cardiogenic oscillations
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
PEEP (2 times)
CCOS (1 time)
CRS (1 time)
2003 Effects of hypergravity on the distributions of lung ventilation and perfusion in sitting humans assessed with a simple two-step maneuver.
43  Cell-Phone Over-Use Scale
(3 times)
Adolescent Medicine
(1 time)
AAI (1 time)
BDI-13 (1 time)
PNU (1 time)
2016 The Role of Depression and Attachment Styles in Predicting Students' Addiction to Cell Phones.
44  Clearwater Osteoarthritis Study
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
OA (3 times)
CI (1 time)
CMC (1 time)
2005 The association of radiographic foot osteoarthritis and radiographic osteoarthritis at other sites.
45  coeloconic sensilla
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
BCPS (2 times)
CAS (2 times)
ChS (2 times)
2012 External morphology of Trichogramma dendrolimi Matsumura (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) organ and ultrastructure of the sensilla.
46  conventional osteosarcoma
(3 times)
Translational Medical Research
(1 time)
CDK4 (1 time)
CHS (1 time)
CMF (1 time)
2019 A clinical comparison between dedifferentiated low-grade osteosarcoma and conventional osteosarcoma.
47  conventional ovarian stimulation
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
HP-HMG (2 times)
MOS (2 times)
CAPA (1 time)
2018 Conventional versus minimal ovarian stimulation: an intra-patient comparison of ovarian response in poor-responder women according to Bologna Criteria.
48  cost of stay
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
LOS (3 times)
NIS (2 times)
CAN (1 time)
2014 Clinical outcome and cost comparison between laparoscopic and open appendicectomy.
49  costal
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CRU (2 times)
FRC (1 time)
INL (1 time)
1987 Effect of hyperinflation and equalization of abdominal pressure on diaphragmatic action.
50  costunolide synthase
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
GAO (3 times)
GAS (3 times)
DXR (1 time)
2014 Cytochrome P450s from Cynara cardunculus L. CYP71AV9 and CYP71BL5, catalyze distinct hydroxylations in the sesquiterpene lactone biosynthetic pathway.
51  curcumin-O-sulfate
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
COG (3 times)
THC (2 times)
BDMC (1 time)
2014 A high-throughput quantification method of curcuminoids and curcumin metabolites in human plasma via high-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry.
52  carbonyl and oxidative stresses
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
RPE (2 times)
atRAL (1 time)
2016 Phloroglucinol protects retinal pigment epithelium and photoreceptor against all-trans-retinal-induced toxicity and inhibits A2E formation.
53  carrageenan-oligosaccharides
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AOS (1 time)
2018 Oligosaccharides Derived from Red Seaweed: Production, Properties, and Potential Health and Cosmetic Applications.
54  cDNA overexpression system
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
ADH1-LUC (1 time)
cDNA (1 time)
2008 Functional identification of Arabidopsis stress regulatory genes using the controlled cDNA overexpression system.
55  cellular oxidative stress
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ECs (1 time)
GST (1 time)
PN (1 time)
2009 Determination of glutathione, mitochondrial transmembrane potential, and cytotoxicity in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts exposed to reactive oxygen and nitrogen species.
56  Child Outcomes Survey
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
EI (1 time)
2013 Psychometric investigation of a brief measure of outcomes in children's mental health.
57  Clinical Outcome Study for dysferlinopathy
(2 times)
Central Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
ACTIVLIM (1 time)
EO (1 time)
LO (1 time)
2016 The Clinical Outcome Study for dysferlinopathy: An international multicenter study.
58  coherence-order-selective
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
HCP (1 time)
IDPs (1 time)
PEP (1 time)
2004 A complete set of novel 2D correlation NMR experiments based on heteronuclear J-cross polarization.
59  coli and simian kidney
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
BPDE (1 time)
PdG (1 time)
1994 Mutagenic potency of exocyclic DNA adducts: marked differences between Escherichia coli and simian kidney cells.
60  colistin
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
AMO (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
2011 Pharmacokinetics of a novel amoxicillin/colistin suspension after intramuscular administration in pigs.
61  Community-oriented strategies
(2 times)
Primary Health Care
(2 times)
EIBI (1 time)
EIBIs (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
2021 Community involvement facilitating the discussion of alcohol use in primary care: A nominal group study.
62  compartmentalized osmiophilic structure
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
LHCP II (1 time)
1991 Photocontrol and processing of LHCP II apoprotein in Euglena: possible role of Golgi and other cytoplasmic sites.
63  composite olfactory score
(2 times)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2014 Assessment of olfaction using the "i-smell" test in an Indian population: a pilot study.
64  confirmation of search
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
MEE (1 time)
2019 Mere exposure effect(s) in the context of explicit memory search.
65  congenital oesophageal stenosis
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
GI (1 time)
H-TOF (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2004 H-type tracheo-oesophageal fistula with congenital oesophageal stenosis.
66  consumer-operated services
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
MSG (1 time)
SHO (1 time)
2005 National estimates for mental health mutual support groups, self-help organizations, and consumer-operated services.
67  controlled ovarian stimulation protocol
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
ICSI (1 time)
2011 Different ART outcomes at increasing peak estradiol levels with long and antagonist protocols: retrospective insights from ten years experience.
68  conventional orthognathic surgery
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
MXI (1 time)
SFA (1 time)
TJS (1 time)
2013 Maxillary incisor inclination of skeletal Class III patients treated with extraction of the upper first premolars and two-jaw surgery: conventional orthognathic surgery vs surgery-first approach.
69  hetero-chitooligosaccharides
(2 times)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
DP (1 time)
HLP (1 time)
PCOS (1 time)
2017 Enzymatic single-step preparation and antioxidant activity of hetero-chitooligosaccharides using non-pretreated housefly larvae powder.
70  C-terminal subgroup One Signature
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CC-COS (1 time)
2016 Solution structure of the microtubule-targeting COS domain of MID1.
71  caged-carbonyl sulfide
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Kinetic Insights into Hydrogen Sulfide Delivery from Caged-Carbonyl Sulfide Isomeric Donor Platforms.
72  calcium oxalate stones
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
NCOS (1 time)
ORs (1 time)
2013 Serum estradiol and testosterone levels in kidney stones disease with and without calcium oxalate components in naturally postmenopausal women.
73  calculated stimulation with gonadotrophin injections
(1 time)
Fertility
(1 time)
ICSI (1 time)
2014 Estradiol progesterone ratio on ovulation induction day: a determinant of successful pregnancy outcome after intra cytoplasmic sperm injection.
74  calibrated optimal strategy
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
OP (1 time)
2010 Adapting by calibration the sample size of a phase III trial on the basis of phase II data.
75  Canadian Otolaryngological Society
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 1978 Otolaryngological manpower III--February 1978.
76  Canine osteoblastic osteosarcomas
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
TfR1 (1 time)
2020 Expression of transferrin receptor-1 (TFR-1) in canine osteosarcomas.
77  cannabis only smokers
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2018 [Spontaneous pneumothorax and lung emphysema in cannabis users].
78  caprine milk oligosaccharides
(1 time)
HPAEC PAD (1 time)
2017 Purification of caprine oligosaccharides at pilot-scale.
79  captain of the ship
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2010 Application of a trauma intensivist model to a Level II community hospital trauma program improves intensive care unit throughput.
80  cardio-oncology syndromes
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2021 A new classification of cardio-oncology syndromes.
81  cardiomyocytes and nonmuscle
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ADN (1 time)
ER/SR (1 time)
NE (1 time)
2019 Adiponectin secretion from cardiomyocytes produces canonical multimers and partial co-localization with calsequestrin in junctional SR.
82  Cardiovascular Outcome Study
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
AREDS2 (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
DHA (1 time)
2014 Effect of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids and lutein + zeaxanthin supplements on cardiovascular outcomes: results of the Age-Related Eye Disease Study 2 (AREDS2) randomized clinical trial.
83  castor oil seed endosperm
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FBPasec (1 time)
1994 Copurification of cytosolic fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase and cytosolic aldolase from endosperm of germinating castor oil seeds.
84  catadioptric optical system
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
R-C system (1 time)
2020 Catadioptric Optical System Design of 15-Magnitude Star Sensor with Large Entrance Pupil Diameter.
85  catalytic activity of the -Gly49-psi
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 1993 Catalytic contribution of flap-substrate hydrogen bonds in "HIV-1 protease" explored by chemical synthesis.
86  catalytic ozonation system
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 Catalytic ozonation of petroleum refinery wastewater utilizing Mn-Fe-Cu/Al2O 3 catalyst.
87  caustic oesophageal stricture
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2012 In patients with corrosive oesophageal stricture for surgery, is oesophagectomy rather than bypass necessary to reduce the risk of oesophageal malignancy?
88  cDNA was expressed in eukaryotic
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ACDs (1 time)
1994 Isolation and expression of a cDNA encoding the precursor for a novel member (ACADSB) of the acyl-CoA dehydrogenase gene family.
89  cells but less than 2-fold vector alone in non-endothelial
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ICAM-2 (1 time)
1998 The human ICAM-2 promoter is endothelial cell-specific in vitro and in vivo and contains critical Sp1 and GATA binding sites.
90  cells on top of the stroma
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CAFC (1 time)
CAs (1 time)
HPCs (1 time)
2009 Stem cell traits in long-term co-culture revealed by time-lapse imaging.
91  cells transitorily
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1996 Radiolabeled ligands specific for the G protein-coupled state of neurotensin receptors.
92  cells, SV-40 transformed African green monkey kidney
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CHO (1 time)
1999 Changes of G-actin localisation in the mitotic spindle region or nucleus during mitosis and after heat shock: a histochemical study of G-actin in various cell lines with fluorescent labelled vitamin D-binding protein.
93  center of scapulae
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
COP (1 time)
EPTS (1 time)
2018 Impact of sensor/reference position on player tracking variables: Center of scapulae vs center of pelvis.
94  center of site
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DOE (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
MEI (1 time)
2018 Comparison of the Current Center of Site Annual Neshap Dose Modeling at the Savannah River Site with Other Assessment Methods.
95  center of symmetry
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
COM (1 time)
2019 Coarse-graining involving virtual sites: Centers of symmetry coarse-graining.
96  Centralized Organic Synthesis
(1 time)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
DSGs (1 time)
2021 Fueling the Pipeline via Innovations in Organic Synthesis.
97  Centre for Specialized Ophthalmic Care
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
BRVO (1 time)
CRVO (1 time)
2014 The influence of anti-VEGF therapy on present day management of macular edema due to BRVO and CRVO: a longitudinal analysis on visual function, injection time interval and complications.
98  Cercopithecus aethiops
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
CTR (1 time)
CTR-ir (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
2012 The expression of calcitonin receptor detected in malignant cells of the brain tumour glioblastoma multiforme and functional properties in the cell line A172.
99  cerebral oxygen saturation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NIRS (1 time)
2005 An NIRS matrix for detecting and correcting cerebral oxygen desaturation events during surgery and neuroendovascular procedures.
100  Certificate in Office Skills
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ITE (1 time)
OJT (1 time)
SAWC (1 time)
2001 Rehabilitation for people with psychiatric disabilities: from care-role to payroll.