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Abbreviation: CR
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Long forms: 1716

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
complete remission
(6173 times)
Neoplasms
(2754 times)
AML (1440 times)
PR (1134 times)
OS (1022 times)
0 [Long-term treatment of venous thromboembolism in patients with cancer].
complete response
(5759 times)
Neoplasms
(3651 times)
PR (2505 times)
OS (784 times)
SD (665 times)
0 Durable Complete Response of Colorectal Cancer Metastasis after Biochemotherapy.
caloric restriction
(1772 times)
Geriatrics
(420 times)
AL (263 times)
ROS (52 times)
AMPK (42 times)
1988 Effect of chronic protein-energy malnutrition on fecundability, fecundity and fertility in rats.
cardiac rehabilitation
(1152 times)
Cardiology
(553 times)
CHD (74 times)
CAD (60 times)
CVD (55 times)
1983 Cardiac rehabilitation after acute myocardial infarction. 9-year controlled follow-up study.
computed radiography
(510 times)
Radiology
(290 times)
DR (73 times)
PACS (49 times)
CT (32 times)
1979 Digital radiography using a computed tomographic instrument.
calretinin
(508 times)
Neurology
(239 times)
PV (244 times)
CB (173 times)
IR (62 times)
1992 Calretinin-immunoreactive neurons in the primary visual cortex of dolphin and human brains.
controlled-release
(445 times)
Pharmacology
(155 times)
IR (98 times)
ER (27 times)
VAS (15 times)
1981 Relative absorption of disopyramide as determined by liquid chromatography following acute administration of standard capsules and controlled-release tablets.
compression ratio
(414 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(57 times)
ECG (24 times)
PRD (24 times)
AI (16 times)
1971 The source of plasma dihydrotestosterone in man.
control region
(388 times)
Molecular Biology
(177 times)
mtDNA (60 times)
bp (40 times)
mt (38 times)
1995 Evolutionary history of the COII/tRNALys intergenic 9 base pair deletion in human mitochondrial DNAs from the Pacific.
10  conditioned response
(381 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(171 times)
CS (164 times)
US (124 times)
UCS (28 times)
1968 The influence of individually differing intensity of the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) on the elaboration of the conditioned response (CR).
11  Congo red
(369 times)
Chemistry
(81 times)
XRD (37 times)
MB (36 times)
ThT (30 times)
1990 Differentiation of pathogenic and nonpathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from poultry.
12  chronic rejection
(196 times)
Transplantation
(106 times)
AR (61 times)
ACR (10 times)
CAN (8 times)
1977 Pretransplant monitoring of donor-recipient compatibility.
13  cognitive reserve
(183 times)
Neurology
(91 times)
AD (41 times)
MCI (19 times)
MS (8 times)
2003 Genetic evidence for cognitive reserve: variations in memory and related cognitive functions.
14  cruciate-retaining
(143 times)
Orthopedics
(99 times)
TKA (101 times)
PS (75 times)
PCL (23 times)
2001 A radiographic analysis of anterior-posterior translation in total knee arthroplasty.
15  contrast ratio
(138 times)
Radiology
(35 times)
TP (24 times)
SNR (22 times)
CNR (19 times)
1984 On the relationship of image intensifier contrast ratios measured by two techniques.
16  complement receptor
(122 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(64 times)
FcR (11 times)
sIg (6 times)
FcgammaR (5 times)
1976 Complement receptor lymphocytes in the rabbit I. an SIg-negative subpopulation in the appendix.
17  conventional radiography
(120 times)
Rheumatology
(40 times)
CT (31 times)
US (27 times)
MRI (26 times)
1992 Accuracy of visual inspection, fiber-optic transillumination, and various radiographic image modalities for the detection of occlusal caries in extracted non-cavitated teeth.
18  coefficient of repeatability
(118 times)
Ophthalmology
(34 times)
ICC (33 times)
CV (17 times)
LOA (10 times)
1994 Assessment of left ventricular regional function by radionuclide angiography: effects of number of sectors on repeatability.
19  Cajal-Retzius
(98 times)
Neurology
(48 times)
MZ (10 times)
GABA (8 times)
GW (4 times)
1987 Development of Cajal-Retzius cells in the human auditory cortex.
20  cognitive remediation
(92 times)
Psychiatry
(56 times)
CBT (11 times)
TAU (9 times)
CG (4 times)
1993 Cognitive remediation in traumatic brain injury: update and issues.
21  complete revascularization
(92 times)
Cardiology
(66 times)
IR (42 times)
PCI (41 times)
STEMI (24 times)
1977 Evaluation of saphenous vein bypass surgery with multistage treadmill test and ventricular function studies.
22  clinical remission
(82 times)
Gastroenterology
(17 times)
CD (10 times)
UC (10 times)
IgAN (9 times)
1984 Vincristine, cisplatin, and bleomycin with surgery in the management of advanced metastatic nonseminomatous testis tumors.
23  centric relation
(73 times)
Dentistry
(61 times)
CO (18 times)
MI (12 times)
TMJ (9 times)
1990 A comparison of the signs of temporomandibular joint dysfunction and occlusal discrepancies in a symptom-free population of men and women.
24  cross-reactivity
(73 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
ELISA (14 times)
LOD (12 times)
mAb (9 times)
1976 [Autoantibodies to the common antigenic determinant of group A streptococcal polysaccharide and epithelial cells of mammalian thymus and skin].
25  chest radiography
(69 times)
Radiology
(19 times)
CT (17 times)
CAP (8 times)
HRCT (8 times)
1986 Asbestos exposure and retention as determinants of airway disease and asbestos alveolitis.
26  composite resin
(67 times)
Dentistry
(49 times)
GIC (15 times)
RMGIC (11 times)
GI (8 times)
1995 Coronal microleakage in conservatively restored endodontic access preparations.
27  charge recombination
(60 times)
Chemistry
(55 times)
CS (37 times)
ET (13 times)
CT (10 times)
2001 Modulating charge separation and charge recombination dynamics in porphyrin-fullerene linked dyads and triads: Marcus-normal versus inverted region.
28  circadian rhythm
(59 times)
Physiology
(12 times)
BP (8 times)
HR (7 times)
HS (4 times)
1976 Phase shifting the circadian rhythm of neuronal activity in the isolated Aplysia eye with puromycin and cycloheximide. Electrophysiological and biochemical studies.
29  Czech Republic
(58 times)
Epidemiology
(15 times)
TB (4 times)
B. pertussis (3 times)
CRL (2 times)
0 Campylobacteriosis in the South Bohemian Region- aRecurrent Problem.
30  carbapenem-resistant
(52 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(11 times)
MDR (9 times)
CI (7 times)
ESBL (7 times)
2000 Emergence and rapid spread of carbapenem resistance during a large and sustained hospital outbreak of multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii.
31  castration-resistant
(50 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
PC (13 times)
ADT (11 times)
AR (11 times)
1993 Toxicity of and mutagenesis by chlorate are independent of nitrate reductase activity in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
32  clearance rate
(50 times)
Biology
(9 times)
RR (7 times)
SFG (7 times)
AE (6 times)
1975 Glucose turnover in the exercising dog with chemically induced diabetes and the effect of methylprednisolone.
33  complete hematological remission
(47 times)
Hematology
(17 times)
AML (8 times)
PR (5 times)
APL (4 times)
1992 Shedding of CD9 antigen by bone marrow cells from patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
34  complete remission rate
(45 times)
Hematology
(20 times)
AML (14 times)
OS (13 times)
PR (8 times)
1976 The use of the Robinson in vitro agar culture assay in adult acute leukemia.
35  cardiorespiratory
(43 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
HR (6 times)
AD (4 times)
GER (3 times)
1979 Relationships among cardiorespiratory fitness, regular physical activity, and plasma lipids in young adults.
36  cognitive rehabilitation
(43 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
AD (11 times)
CT (6 times)
CS (5 times)
1995 Neurocognitive rehabilitation guidelines for therapists.
37  contractile reserve
(43 times)
Cardiology
(32 times)
LV (16 times)
DSE (13 times)
CRT (8 times)
1996 Low increase in cGMP induced by organic nitrates and nitrovasodilators improves contractile response of rat ventricular myocytes.
38  cervical radiculopathy
(42 times)
Rehabilitation
(8 times)
NDI (6 times)
CM (3 times)
CTS (3 times)
1997 Objective evaluation of pain in various spinal diseases: neuropeptide immunoreactivity in the cerebrospinal fluid.
39  clinical response
(42 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
PR (12 times)
OS (4 times)
PFS (4 times)
1986 [Treatment results of carcinoma of the lower gum with radiation therapy combined with bleomycin].
40  crown-rump
(42 times)
Anatomy
(12 times)
GD (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
1976 A radiological study of morphology and growth in the human fetal colon.
41  cure rate
(42 times)
Tropical Medicine
(13 times)
ERR (18 times)
STH (6 times)
ASR (5 times)
1992 [Treatment of soil-transmitted helminth infections by anthelmintics in current use].
42  colorectal
(41 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
CRC (6 times)
CT (2 times)
GI (2 times)
1990 A pilot study on the usefulness of a new test for mass screening of colorectal cancer in Japan.
43  coronary revascularization
(41 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
MI (12 times)
HR (7 times)
CABG (5 times)
1989 [Serial changes in left ventricular global and regional function during exercise after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty; effect of complete coronary revascularization].
44  conditioned reflex
(40 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
AN (2 times)
CN (2 times)
DH (2 times)
1976 Participation of the basal ganglia in the conditioned reflex (CR) mechanism.
45  carcinogenic risk
(39 times)
Environmental Health
(34 times)
HI (12 times)
THQ (11 times)
HQ (8 times)
2014 Potential health risks of heavy metals in cultivated topsoil and grain, including correlations with human primary liver, lung and gastric cancer, in Anhui province, Eastern China.
46  carbonyl reductase
(36 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
hCG (3 times)
eCG (2 times)
SDR (2 times)
1990 Changes and localization of ovarian carbonyl reductase during pseudopregnancy and pregnancy in rats.
47  concentric remodeling
(36 times)
Cardiology
(21 times)
CH (24 times)
LV (24 times)
EH (21 times)
2000 Left ventricular geometry in pregnancy-induced hypertension.
48  Coptidis Rhizoma
(36 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
SR (5 times)
Ber (4 times)
PC (3 times)
1995 The correlation of Kampo formulations and their ingredients on anti-bacterial activities against Propionibacterium acnes.
49  colonization resistance
(35 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(7 times)
GF (3 times)
CI (2 times)
DGGE (2 times)
1971 Colonization resistance of the digestive tract in conventional and antibiotic-treated mice.
50  conserved region
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
aa (3 times)
Ad (2 times)
DBP (2 times)
1986 Functional analysis of the adenovirus type 5 DNA-binding protein: site-directed mutants which are defective for adeno-associated virus helper activity.
51  cysteine-rich
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
MR (5 times)
BMP (3 times)
cv-2 (3 times)
1994 Association of utrophin and multiple dystrophin short forms with the mammalian M(r) 58,000 dystrophin-associated protein (syntrophin).
52  cancer risk
(34 times)
Environmental Health
(24 times)
THQ (11 times)
HI (7 times)
HQ (7 times)
2009 Risk assessment of trihalomethanes from tap water in Fortaleza, Brazil.
53  cockroach
(34 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(20 times)
mAb (4 times)
SPT (3 times)
AHR (2 times)
1976 Study on cockroach antigen as a probable causative agent in bronchial asthma.
54  control rats
(34 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
TR (5 times)
DR (4 times)
FFDR (3 times)
1987 Effect of prenatal androgenization on lamb performance, carcass composition and reproductive function.
55  closed reduction
(33 times)
Orthopedics
(16 times)
DDH (8 times)
ORIF (8 times)
OR (5 times)
1999 Indications for treatment of subcondylar mandibular fractures.
56  corona radiata
(33 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
CST (9 times)
DTI (9 times)
FA (8 times)
1983 A quantitative histochemical study of lactate dehydrogenase and succinate dehydrogenase activities in the membrana granulosa of the ovulatory follicle of the rat.
57  control
(31 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
TR (4 times)
cr (3 times)
CL (2 times)
1988 Effects of nifedipine on blood pressure and heart rate in conscious neurogenic hypertensive rats.
58  constant routine
(29 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
CBT (4 times)
DLMO (3 times)
HR (3 times)
1992 The variability in circadian phase and amplitude estimates derived from sequential constant routines.
59  coordinated reset
(28 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
RVS (3 times)
STDP (3 times)
EEG (2 times)
2011 Desynchronizing anti-resonance effect of m: n ON-OFF coordinated reset stimulation.
60  cancer registry
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
PDB (2 times)
RARECARE (2 times)
ABUTH (1 time)
1991 [A descriptive study of 105 patients with cerebral metastasis].
61  cosmic ray
(27 times)
Medicine
(14 times)
GR (2 times)
IR (2 times)
ANITA (1 time)
1992 Cosmic ray LET spectra and doses on board Cosmos-2044 biosatellite.
62  Critically Endangered
(26 times)
Plants
(15 times)
EN (8 times)
DD (2 times)
DSSF (1 time)
2005 On the verge of extinction: genetics of the critically endangered Iberian plant species, Borderea chouardii (Dioscoreaceae) and implications for conservation management.
63  Cimicifuga racemosa
(25 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
LH (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
ERbeta (2 times)
1991 Effects of extracts from Cimicifuga racemosa on gonadotropin release in menopausal women and ovariectomized rats.
64  cost ratio
(25 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CI (8 times)
OR (3 times)
AED (1 time)
1988 Localization and activity of inflammatory bowel disease using 111In leukocyte imaging.
65  clinical recurrence
(24 times)
Urology
(15 times)
BCR (11 times)
PSA (11 times)
RP (11 times)
2000 [Azathioprine and 5-ASA in the prevention of postoperative recurrence of Crohn's disease].
66  clopidogrel resistance
(24 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CS (4 times)
IS (4 times)
ADP (3 times)
2010 [Relationships of blood stasis syndrome, CYP2C19 gene polymorphism with clopidogrel resistance and post-PCI prognosis].
67  cognitive restructuring
(24 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
PTSD (4 times)
CBT (2 times)
CD (2 times)
1978 Social skills training and cognitive restructuring with alcoholics.
68  colostrum replacer
(24 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(23 times)
MC (6 times)
CS (3 times)
Ig (3 times)
2001 Formulation of colostrum supplements, colostrum replacers and acquisition of passive immunity in neonatal calves.
69  calreticulin
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
ER (6 times)
CRTAase (5 times)
CS (3 times)
1992 The 5'-flanking region of the human calreticulin gene shares homology with the human GRP78, GRP94, and protein disulfide isomerase promoters.
70  capture-recapture
(23 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
TB (2 times)
ARPs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1997 Capture-recapture: reconnaissance of a demographic technique in epidemiology.
71  cardiac rupture
(23 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
AMI (13 times)
STEMI (5 times)
MI (4 times)
1979 [Cardiac rupture: a not infrequent complication of acute myocardial infarction. Report of five cases (author's transl)].
72  coherence resonance
(23 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
SR (7 times)
CV (3 times)
PSR (2 times)
1999 Coherence resonance in excitable and oscillatory systems: the essential role of slow and fast dynamics.
73  conditioned reinforcement
(22 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
CS (3 times)
CCK (2 times)
DHbetaE (2 times)
1984 Enhanced behavioural control by conditioned reinforcers following microinjections of d-amphetamine into the nucleus accumbens.
74  Charles River
(21 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
HF (2 times)
hr (2 times)
IVA-SIV (2 times)
1982 Host endocrine status mediates oncogenesis: leukemia virus-induced carcinomas and reticulum cell sarcomas in acyclic or normal mice.
75  Citrobacter rodentium
(21 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
EHEC (8 times)
EPEC (7 times)
A/E (3 times)
2004 Dissecting virulence: systematic and functional analyses of a pathogenicity island.
76  cognitive radio
(21 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(12 times)
MAC (4 times)
ED (2 times)
PU (2 times)
2013 Optimal periodic cooperative spectrum sensing based on weight fusion in cognitive radio networks.
77  calorie restricted diet
(20 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AL (4 times)
BW (2 times)
HF (2 times)
1990 Effect of chronic caloric restriction on the circadian regulation of physiological and behavioral variables in old male B6C3F1 mice.
78  Cerenkov radiation
(20 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
CLI (4 times)
CRET (4 times)
OI (3 times)
2007 Forward- and backward-propagating Cerenkov radiation in strong chiral media.
79  contractile ring
(20 times)
Cell Biology
(12 times)
FRAP (3 times)
MR (2 times)
ABD (1 time)
1990 Reorganization of circumferential microfilament bundles in retinal epithelial cells during mitosis.
80  coronary resistance
(20 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
MAP (3 times)
NO (3 times)
ACh (2 times)
1978 Effect of sublingual nitroglycerin on regional flow in patients with and without coronary disease.
81  cumulative risk
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
CI (3 times)
DR (2 times)
FA (2 times)
1992 International trends in the incidence of bone cancer are not related to drinking water fluoridation.
82  care recipient
(19 times)
Geriatrics
(16 times)
CG (6 times)
AD (4 times)
CGs (3 times)
2004 Needs and preference assessment for an in-home nutrition education program using social marketing theory.
83  cerebrovascular reactivity
(19 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
BHI (2 times)
CBF (2 times)
NE (2 times)
1976 Cardiovascular reactivity and neurogenic tone in unilateral renovascular hypertension in the rat.
84  chloroquine-resistant
(19 times)
Drug Therapy
(7 times)
CS (15 times)
CQ (2 times)
FP (2 times)
1973 Chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum: difference in the handling of 14C-amodiaquin and 14C-chloroquine.
85  clinical reasoning
(19 times)
Education
(8 times)
EBM (2 times)
OMPT (2 times)
VPs (2 times)
0 Clinical Reasoning by Veterinary Students in the First-Opinion Setting: Is It Encouraged? Is It Practiced?
86  clubroot resistance
(19 times)
Genetics
(8 times)
DH (2 times)
CS (1 time)
DAPs (1 time)
2004 A novel locus for clubroot resistance in Brassica rapa and its linkage markers.
87  common region
(19 times)
Virology
(11 times)
MYMIV (2 times)
ORFs (2 times)
RCA (2 times)
1992 Sequence-specific interaction with the viral AL1 protein identifies a geminivirus DNA replication origin.
88  chronic rhinitis
(18 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
AR (9 times)
NAR (6 times)
IT (2 times)
2000 Epidemiology of rhinitis in Thais: characteristics and risk factors.
89  composite reliability
(18 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
AVE (11 times)
CFA (7 times)
CFI (5 times)
2013 A confirmatory approach to examining the factor structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ): a large scale cohort study.
90  chronic allograft rejection
(17 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
OLT (2 times)
BDs (1 time)
BECs (1 time)
1991 Plasma renin activity in renal transplant patients with hypertension.
91  cognitive restraint
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
UE (12 times)
EE (10 times)
BMI (5 times)
2002 Impact of gastric banding on eating behavior and weight.
92  contrast reagent
(17 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(14 times)
B-T (2 times)
DCE (2 times)
DCE-MRI (2 times)
1994 Relaxographic imaging.
93  corticosteroid-resistant
(17 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
CS (14 times)
BAL (3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
1990 Bronchial asthma is not associated with auto-antibodies to lipocortin-1.
94  chronotropic reserve
(16 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
HR (6 times)
HRR (3 times)
CAD (2 times)
2006 Effects of exercise rehabilitation program on heart rate recovery in patients with chronic heart failure.
95  clot rate
(16 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
ACT (11 times)
PF (7 times)
LMWH (4 times)
2002 Sonoclot coagulation analysis: new bedside monitoring for determination of the appropriate heparin dose during haemodialysis.
96  corneal radius
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
AL (12 times)
ACD (6 times)
LT (2 times)
2003 Oculometric features of hyperopia in children with accommodative refractive esotropia.
97  coronary risk
(16 times)
Primary Health Care
(7 times)
BP (2 times)
CI (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1995 [Calculating coronary risk for patients included in the Preventive Activities and Health Promotion Program].
98  correct rejection
(16 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
FA (4 times)
RT (2 times)
aa (1 time)
1995 Interaction of several complement proteins with gp120 and gp41, the two envelope glycoproteins of HIV-1.
99  chief resident
(15 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
PD (4 times)
ACGME (1 time)
BSF (1 time)
1996 Chief residency in PM&R. A balance of education and administration.
100  crown roots
(15 times)
Botany
(7 times)
PR (4 times)
SR (4 times)
FHB (2 times)
2008 Phases of infection and gene expression of Fusarium graminearum during crown rot disease of wheat.