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Abbreviation: CR
Appearance Frequency: 28632 time(s)
Long forms: 1904

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
complete remission
(6733 times)
Neoplasms
(2927 times)
AML (1598 times)
PR (1227 times)
OS (1194 times)
0 [Long-term treatment of venous thromboembolism in patients with cancer].
complete response
(6496 times)
Neoplasms
(4007 times)
PR (2755 times)
OS (999 times)
SD (763 times)
0 Durable Complete Response of Colorectal Cancer Metastasis after Biochemotherapy.
caloric restriction
(1990 times)
Geriatrics
(446 times)
AL (286 times)
ROS (54 times)
AMPK (44 times)
1988 Effect of chronic protein-energy malnutrition on fecundability, fecundity and fertility in rats.
cardiac rehabilitation
(1489 times)
Cardiology
(690 times)
CAD (88 times)
CHD (85 times)
CVD (78 times)
1983 Cardiac rehabilitation after acute myocardial infarction. 9-year controlled follow-up study.
calretinin
(534 times)
Neurology
(243 times)
PV (258 times)
CB (184 times)
IR (64 times)
1992 Calretinin-immunoreactive neurons in the primary visual cortex of dolphin and human brains.
computed radiography
(527 times)
Radiology
(292 times)
DR (76 times)
PACS (49 times)
CT (32 times)
1979 Digital radiography using a computed tomographic instrument.
Congo red
(524 times)
Environmental Health
(110 times)
MB (62 times)
XRD (49 times)
MO (44 times)
1990 Differentiation of pathogenic and nonpathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from poultry.
controlled-release
(461 times)
Pharmacology
(156 times)
IR (103 times)
ER (29 times)
VAS (16 times)
1981 Relative absorption of disopyramide as determined by liquid chromatography following acute administration of standard capsules and controlled-release tablets.
control region
(426 times)
Molecular Biology
(182 times)
mtDNA (66 times)
mt (42 times)
bp (40 times)
1995 Evolutionary history of the COII/tRNALys intergenic 9 base pair deletion in human mitochondrial DNAs from the Pacific.
10  compression ratio
(422 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(61 times)
ECG (27 times)
PRD (27 times)
AI (17 times)
1971 The source of plasma dihydrotestosterone in man.
11  conditioned response
(393 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(176 times)
CS (168 times)
US (130 times)
UCS (28 times)
1968 The influence of individually differing intensity of the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) on the elaboration of the conditioned response (CR).
12  cognitive reserve
(252 times)
Neurology
(115 times)
AD (52 times)
MCI (25 times)
MS (13 times)
2003 Genetic evidence for cognitive reserve: variations in memory and related cognitive functions.
13  chronic rejection
(206 times)
Transplantation
(111 times)
AR (62 times)
ACR (10 times)
CAN (8 times)
1977 Pretransplant monitoring of donor-recipient compatibility.
14  cruciate-retaining
(195 times)
Orthopedics
(136 times)
TKA (133 times)
PS (100 times)
PCL (29 times)
2001 A radiographic analysis of anterior-posterior translation in total knee arthroplasty.
15  contrast ratio
(181 times)
Dentistry
(40 times)
TP (37 times)
CNR (32 times)
SNR (29 times)
1984 On the relationship of image intensifier contrast ratios measured by two techniques.
16  conventional radiography
(136 times)
Rheumatology
(47 times)
CT (32 times)
US (30 times)
MRI (29 times)
1992 Accuracy of visual inspection, fiber-optic transillumination, and various radiographic image modalities for the detection of occlusal caries in extracted non-cavitated teeth.
17  coefficient of repeatability
(135 times)
Ophthalmology
(38 times)
ICC (41 times)
CV (20 times)
LOA (13 times)
1994 Assessment of left ventricular regional function by radionuclide angiography: effects of number of sectors on repeatability.
18  complement receptor
(128 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(65 times)
FcR (11 times)
sIg (6 times)
FcgammaR (5 times)
1976 Complement receptor lymphocytes in the rabbit I. an SIg-negative subpopulation in the appendix.
19  cognitive remediation
(117 times)
Psychiatry
(69 times)
CBT (11 times)
TAU (10 times)
BD (5 times)
1993 Cognitive remediation in traumatic brain injury: update and issues.
20  complete revascularization
(112 times)
Cardiology
(81 times)
PCI (52 times)
IR (49 times)
STEMI (32 times)
1977 Evaluation of saphenous vein bypass surgery with multistage treadmill test and ventricular function studies.
21  Cajal-Retzius
(103 times)
Neurology
(48 times)
MZ (10 times)
GABA (8 times)
GW (4 times)
1987 Development of Cajal-Retzius cells in the human auditory cortex.
22  clinical remission
(101 times)
Gastroenterology
(24 times)
CD (14 times)
UC (14 times)
IgAN (10 times)
1984 Vincristine, cisplatin, and bleomycin with surgery in the management of advanced metastatic nonseminomatous testis tumors.
23  composite resin
(94 times)
Dentistry
(67 times)
GIC (20 times)
RMGIC (15 times)
GI (10 times)
1995 Coronal microleakage in conservatively restored endodontic access preparations.
24  carbapenem-resistant
(92 times)
Microbiology
(18 times)
MDR (13 times)
ESBL (10 times)
CI (7 times)
2000 Emergence and rapid spread of carbapenem resistance during a large and sustained hospital outbreak of multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii.
25  cross-reactivity
(86 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
LOD (19 times)
ELISA (14 times)
mAb (12 times)
1976 [Autoantibodies to the common antigenic determinant of group A streptococcal polysaccharide and epithelial cells of mammalian thymus and skin].
26  centric relation
(82 times)
Dentistry
(68 times)
CO (18 times)
MI (13 times)
TMD (9 times)
1990 A comparison of the signs of temporomandibular joint dysfunction and occlusal discrepancies in a symptom-free population of men and women.
27  chest radiography
(79 times)
Radiology
(20 times)
CT (22 times)
CAP (9 times)
HRCT (9 times)
1986 Asbestos exposure and retention as determinants of airway disease and asbestos alveolitis.
28  carcinogenic risk
(70 times)
Environmental Health
(60 times)
HI (24 times)
THQ (18 times)
HQ (13 times)
2014 Potential health risks of heavy metals in cultivated topsoil and grain, including correlations with human primary liver, lung and gastric cancer, in Anhui province, Eastern China.
29  castration-resistant
(69 times)
Neoplasms
(22 times)
PC (15 times)
PCa (15 times)
AR (13 times)
1993 Toxicity of and mutagenesis by chlorate are independent of nitrate reductase activity in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
30  charge recombination
(68 times)
Chemistry
(61 times)
CS (42 times)
ET (14 times)
CT (12 times)
2001 Modulating charge separation and charge recombination dynamics in porphyrin-fullerene linked dyads and triads: Marcus-normal versus inverted region.
31  circadian rhythm
(68 times)
Physiology
(12 times)
BP (9 times)
HR (7 times)
HS (4 times)
1976 Phase shifting the circadian rhythm of neuronal activity in the isolated Aplysia eye with puromycin and cycloheximide. Electrophysiological and biochemical studies.
32  Czech Republic
(66 times)
Epidemiology
(18 times)
TB (5 times)
B. pertussis (3 times)
CRL (2 times)
0 Campylobacteriosis in the South Bohemian Region- aRecurrent Problem.
33  complete hematological remission
(64 times)
Hematology
(23 times)
AML (9 times)
OS (7 times)
PR (6 times)
1992 Shedding of CD9 antigen by bone marrow cells from patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
34  conventional rehabilitation
(63 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
HS (10 times)
DPR (8 times)
FMA (5 times)
2002 Histological changes in the pituitary gland and adenomas following radiotherapy.
35  cancer risk
(62 times)
Environmental Health
(50 times)
HI (18 times)
HQ (18 times)
THQ (17 times)
2009 Risk assessment of trihalomethanes from tap water in Fortaleza, Brazil.
36  clearance rate
(60 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
RR (10 times)
SFG (8 times)
AE (7 times)
1975 Glucose turnover in the exercising dog with chemically induced diabetes and the effect of methylprednisolone.
37  cognitive rehabilitation
(59 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
AD (13 times)
CT (8 times)
MS (8 times)
1995 Neurocognitive rehabilitation guidelines for therapists.
38  cervical radiculopathy
(54 times)
Rehabilitation
(11 times)
NDI (9 times)
VAS (5 times)
CM (3 times)
1997 Objective evaluation of pain in various spinal diseases: neuropeptide immunoreactivity in the cerebrospinal fluid.
39  clinical response
(50 times)
Neoplasms
(24 times)
PR (13 times)
CD (4 times)
CI (4 times)
1986 [Treatment results of carcinoma of the lower gum with radiation therapy combined with bleomycin].
40  complete remission rate
(50 times)
Hematology
(23 times)
OS (17 times)
AML (15 times)
PR (8 times)
1976 The use of the Robinson in vitro agar culture assay in adult acute leukemia.
41  colorectal
(49 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
CRC (8 times)
OS (3 times)
CSC (2 times)
1990 A pilot study on the usefulness of a new test for mass screening of colorectal cancer in Japan.
42  cure rate
(49 times)
Tropical Medicine
(15 times)
ERR (22 times)
PZQ (8 times)
STH (8 times)
1992 [Treatment of soil-transmitted helminth infections by anthelmintics in current use].
43  closed reduction
(48 times)
Orthopedics
(27 times)
DDH (18 times)
ORIF (10 times)
AI (8 times)
1999 Indications for treatment of subcondylar mandibular fractures.
44  cardiorespiratory
(47 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
HR (6 times)
AD (4 times)
GER (4 times)
1979 Relationships among cardiorespiratory fitness, regular physical activity, and plasma lipids in young adults.
45  coronary revascularization
(47 times)
Cardiology
(17 times)
MI (14 times)
HR (8 times)
MPI (7 times)
1989 [Serial changes in left ventricular global and regional function during exercise after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty; effect of complete coronary revascularization].
46  contractile reserve
(46 times)
Cardiology
(33 times)
LV (18 times)
DSE (13 times)
CRT (8 times)
1996 Low increase in cGMP induced by organic nitrates and nitrovasodilators improves contractile response of rat ventricular myocytes.
47  crown-rump
(45 times)
Anatomy
(12 times)
GD (2 times)
PSPb (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
1976 A radiological study of morphology and growth in the human fetal colon.
48  concentric remodeling
(42 times)
Cardiology
(23 times)
CH (29 times)
EH (26 times)
LV (26 times)
2000 Left ventricular geometry in pregnancy-induced hypertension.
49  Coptidis Rhizoma
(42 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
SR (5 times)
BER (4 times)
PCA (4 times)
1995 The correlation of Kampo formulations and their ingredients on anti-bacterial activities against Propionibacterium acnes.
50  conditioned reflex
(40 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
AN (2 times)
CN (2 times)
DH (2 times)
1976 Participation of the basal ganglia in the conditioned reflex (CR) mechanism.
51  corona radiata
(39 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
DTI (11 times)
FA (11 times)
CST (10 times)
1983 A quantitative histochemical study of lactate dehydrogenase and succinate dehydrogenase activities in the membrana granulosa of the ovulatory follicle of the rat.
52  carbonyl reductase
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
hCG (3 times)
eCG (2 times)
SDR (2 times)
1990 Changes and localization of ovarian carbonyl reductase during pseudopregnancy and pregnancy in rats.
53  cognitive radio
(38 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(28 times)
SUs (7 times)
PUs (6 times)
IoT (5 times)
2013 Optimal periodic cooperative spectrum sensing based on weight fusion in cognitive radio networks.
54  Critically Endangered
(38 times)
Plants
(19 times)
EN (12 times)
VU (5 times)
DD (2 times)
2005 On the verge of extinction: genetics of the critically endangered Iberian plant species, Borderea chouardii (Dioscoreaceae) and implications for conservation management.
55  cockroach
(37 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(22 times)
mAb (4 times)
SPT (4 times)
HDM (3 times)
1976 Study on cockroach antigen as a probable causative agent in bronchial asthma.
56  colonization resistance
(37 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(7 times)
GF (3 times)
CI (2 times)
DGGE (2 times)
1971 Colonization resistance of the digestive tract in conventional and antibiotic-treated mice.
57  composite reliability
(36 times)
Nursing
(5 times)
AVE (21 times)
CFA (16 times)
CFI (7 times)
2013 A confirmatory approach to examining the factor structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ): a large scale cohort study.
58  control rats
(36 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
TR (5 times)
DR (4 times)
FFDR (3 times)
1987 Effect of prenatal androgenization on lamb performance, carcass composition and reproductive function.
59  cost ratio
(36 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
CI (12 times)
OR (7 times)
RR (2 times)
1988 Localization and activity of inflammatory bowel disease using 111In leukocyte imaging.
60  cysteine-rich
(36 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
MR (5 times)
BMP (3 times)
cv-2 (3 times)
1994 Association of utrophin and multiple dystrophin short forms with the mammalian M(r) 58,000 dystrophin-associated protein (syntrophin).
61  clinical recurrence
(35 times)
Urology
(18 times)
RP (16 times)
BCR (15 times)
PSA (13 times)
2000 [Azathioprine and 5-ASA in the prevention of postoperative recurrence of Crohn's disease].
62  conserved region
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
aa (3 times)
Ad (2 times)
DBP (2 times)
1986 Functional analysis of the adenovirus type 5 DNA-binding protein: site-directed mutants which are defective for adeno-associated virus helper activity.
63  control
(33 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
cr (4 times)
TR (4 times)
CL (2 times)
1988 Effects of nifedipine on blood pressure and heart rate in conscious neurogenic hypertensive rats.
64  Citrobacter rodentium
(32 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
EHEC (9 times)
EPEC (8 times)
A/E (4 times)
2004 Dissecting virulence: systematic and functional analyses of a pathogenicity island.
65  common region
(32 times)
Virology
(11 times)
PCR (10 times)
CP (4 times)
nt (4 times)
1992 Sequence-specific interaction with the viral AL1 protein identifies a geminivirus DNA replication origin.
66  conditional reprogramming
(32 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(5 times)
PDX (4 times)
ROCK (3 times)
ACE2 (2 times)
2017 Conditionally reprogrammed normal and primary tumor prostate epithelial cells: a novel patient-derived cell model for studies of human prostate cancer.
67  clinical reasoning
(31 times)
Education
(12 times)
EBM (2 times)
OMPT (2 times)
PBL (2 times)
0 Clinical Reasoning by Veterinary Students in the First-Opinion Setting: Is It Encouraged? Is It Practiced?
68  clopidogrel resistance
(31 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
CS (5 times)
IS (5 times)
ACS (4 times)
2010 [Relationships of blood stasis syndrome, CYP2C19 gene polymorphism with clopidogrel resistance and post-PCI prognosis].
69  cognitive restructuring
(31 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
PTSD (4 times)
CBT (3 times)
CD (3 times)
1978 Social skills training and cognitive restructuring with alcoholics.
70  constant routine
(31 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
CBT (4 times)
DLMO (3 times)
HR (3 times)
1992 The variability in circadian phase and amplitude estimates derived from sequential constant routines.
71  cooling rate
(30 times)
Biology
(5 times)
ACT (3 times)
ET (3 times)
HT (3 times)
1994 Effect of moisture content on the invertase activity of freeze-dried S. cerevisiae.
72  coordinated reset
(30 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
STDP (4 times)
RVS (3 times)
EEG (2 times)
2011 Desynchronizing anti-resonance effect of m: n ON-OFF coordinated reset stimulation.
73  cinematic rendering
(29 times)
Radiology
(18 times)
CT (16 times)
VR (7 times)
VRT (3 times)
2016 Cinematic rendering - an alternative to volume rendering for 3D computed tomography imaging.
74  cancer registry
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
PDB (2 times)
RARECARE (2 times)
ABUTH (1 time)
1991 [A descriptive study of 105 patients with cerebral metastasis].
75  clubroot resistance
(28 times)
Genetics
(8 times)
DEGs (2 times)
DH (2 times)
QTL (2 times)
2004 A novel locus for clubroot resistance in Brassica rapa and its linkage markers.
76  cosmic ray
(28 times)
Medicine
(15 times)
GR (2 times)
IR (2 times)
SNRs (2 times)
1992 Cosmic ray LET spectra and doses on board Cosmos-2044 biosatellite.
77  Cerenkov radiation
(27 times)
Biophysics
(7 times)
CLI (4 times)
CRET (4 times)
PDT (4 times)
2007 Forward- and backward-propagating Cerenkov radiation in strong chiral media.
78  colostrum replacer
(27 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(25 times)
MC (7 times)
CD (3 times)
CS (3 times)
2001 Formulation of colostrum supplements, colostrum replacers and acquisition of passive immunity in neonatal calves.
79  capture-recapture
(26 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
TB (2 times)
ARPs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1997 Capture-recapture: reconnaissance of a demographic technique in epidemiology.
80  Cimicifuga racemosa
(26 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
LH (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
ERbeta (2 times)
1991 Effects of extracts from Cimicifuga racemosa on gonadotropin release in menopausal women and ovariectomized rats.
81  cumulative risk
(26 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
CI (3 times)
DR (2 times)
FA (2 times)
1992 International trends in the incidence of bone cancer are not related to drinking water fluoridation.
82  cardiac rupture
(25 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
AMI (14 times)
STEMI (6 times)
MI (4 times)
1979 [Cardiac rupture: a not infrequent complication of acute myocardial infarction. Report of five cases (author's transl)].
83  coherence resonance
(25 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
SR (8 times)
CV (3 times)
FHN (2 times)
1999 Coherence resonance in excitable and oscillatory systems: the essential role of slow and fast dynamics.
84  calreticulin
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
ER (7 times)
CRTAase (5 times)
CS (3 times)
1992 The 5'-flanking region of the human calreticulin gene shares homology with the human GRP78, GRP94, and protein disulfide isomerase promoters.
85  care recipient
(24 times)
Geriatrics
(17 times)
CG (7 times)
AD (4 times)
CGs (4 times)
2004 Needs and preference assessment for an in-home nutrition education program using social marketing theory.
86  cognitive restraint
(24 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
UE (15 times)
EE (14 times)
BMI (5 times)
2002 Impact of gastric banding on eating behavior and weight.
87  chronic rhinitis
(23 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
AR (10 times)
NAR (8 times)
IT (3 times)
2000 Epidemiology of rhinitis in Thais: characteristics and risk factors.
88  contractile ring
(23 times)
Cell Biology
(12 times)
FRAP (3 times)
ABD (2 times)
MR (2 times)
1990 Reorganization of circumferential microfilament bundles in retinal epithelial cells during mitosis.
89  cerebrovascular reactivity
(22 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CBF (3 times)
BHI (2 times)
NE (2 times)
1976 Cardiovascular reactivity and neurogenic tone in unilateral renovascular hypertension in the rat.
90  conditioned reinforcement
(22 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
CS (3 times)
CCK (2 times)
DHbetaE (2 times)
1984 Enhanced behavioural control by conditioned reinforcers following microinjections of d-amphetamine into the nucleus accumbens.
91  calorie restricted diet
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
AL (4 times)
BW (2 times)
HF (2 times)
1990 Effect of chronic caloric restriction on the circadian regulation of physiological and behavioral variables in old male B6C3F1 mice.
92  Charles River
(21 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
HF (2 times)
hr (2 times)
IVA-SIV (2 times)
1982 Host endocrine status mediates oncogenesis: leukemia virus-induced carcinomas and reticulum cell sarcomas in acyclic or normal mice.
93  corneal radius
(21 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
AL (17 times)
ACD (8 times)
LT (5 times)
2003 Oculometric features of hyperopia in children with accommodative refractive esotropia.
94  coronary resistance
(20 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
MAP (3 times)
NO (3 times)
ACh (2 times)
1978 Effect of sublingual nitroglycerin on regional flow in patients with and without coronary disease.
95  chloroquine-resistant
(19 times)
Drug Therapy
(7 times)
CS (15 times)
CQ (2 times)
FP (2 times)
1973 Chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum: difference in the handling of 14C-amodiaquin and 14C-chloroquine.
96  competing risk
(19 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
KM (4 times)
CI (3 times)
AFP (2 times)
2010 A competing risks approach for time estimation of household WEEE disposal.
97  correct rejection
(19 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
FA (5 times)
CRN (2 times)
ERPs (2 times)
1995 Interaction of several complement proteins with gp120 and gp41, the two envelope glycoproteins of HIV-1.
98  crown root
(19 times)
Botany
(9 times)
PR (4 times)
SR (4 times)
FHB (3 times)
2008 Phases of infection and gene expression of Fusarium graminearum during crown rot disease of wheat.
99  center of resistance
(18 times)
Orthodontics
(13 times)
FE (5 times)
PDL (2 times)
ARH (1 time)
1985 Begg-edgewise diagnosis-determined totally individualized orthodontic technique: foundations, description, and rationale.
100  conical refraction
(18 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
AR (2 times)
AL (1 time)
AnisoSE (1 time)
1987 A comparison of cycloplegic and manifest refractions on the NR-1000F (an objective Auto Refractometer).