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Abbreviation: CR
Appearance Frequency: 29496 time(s)
Long forms: 1953

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
complete remission
(6829 times)
Neoplasms
(2953 times)
AML (1637 times)
PR (1238 times)
OS (1231 times)
1972 Therapy of acute myelocytic leukemia. Daunomycin contrasted with a combination of cytosine arabinoside and 6-thioguanine.
complete response
(6620 times)
Neoplasms
(4053 times)
PR (2803 times)
OS (1037 times)
SD (779 times)
1977 BCNU with and without cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone (COP) and cycle-active therapy in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
caloric restriction
(2035 times)
Geriatrics
(453 times)
AL (292 times)
ROS (54 times)
AMPK (45 times)
1988 Effect of chronic protein-energy malnutrition on fecundability, fecundity and fertility in rats.
cardiac rehabilitation
(1559 times)
Cardiology
(722 times)
CAD (95 times)
CHD (87 times)
CVD (81 times)
1983 Cardiac rehabilitation after acute myocardial infarction. 9-year controlled follow-up study.
Congo red
(549 times)
Environmental Health
(119 times)
MB (68 times)
XRD (51 times)
MO (45 times)
1990 Differentiation of pathogenic and nonpathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from poultry.
calretinin
(541 times)
Neurology
(247 times)
PV (261 times)
CB (186 times)
ir (64 times)
1992 Calretinin-immunoreactive neurons in the primary visual cortex of dolphin and human brains.
computed radiography
(530 times)
Radiology
(292 times)
DR (77 times)
PACS (49 times)
CT (32 times)
1979 Digital radiography using a computed tomographic instrument.
control region
(486 times)
Molecular Biology
(147 times)
mtDNA (66 times)
PCGs (63 times)
mt (44 times)
1995 Evolutionary history of the COII/tRNALys intergenic 9 base pair deletion in human mitochondrial DNAs from the Pacific.
conditioned response
(465 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(176 times)
CS (171 times)
US (131 times)
UCS (28 times)
1968 The influence of individually differing intensity of the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) on the elaboration of the conditioned response (CR).
10  controlled-release
(461 times)
Pharmacology
(155 times)
IR (102 times)
ER (29 times)
VAS (16 times)
1981 Relative absorption of disopyramide as determined by liquid chromatography following acute administration of standard capsules and controlled-release tablets.
11  compression ratio
(430 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(62 times)
ECG (27 times)
PRD (27 times)
AI (17 times)
1971 The source of plasma dihydrotestosterone in man.
12  cognitive reserve
(274 times)
Neurology
(122 times)
AD (56 times)
MCI (27 times)
CRIq (15 times)
2003 Genetic evidence for cognitive reserve: variations in memory and related cognitive functions.
13  chronic rejection
(210 times)
Transplantation
(113 times)
AR (62 times)
ACR (10 times)
TVS (9 times)
1977 Pretransplant monitoring of donor-recipient compatibility.
14  cruciate-retaining
(205 times)
Orthopedics
(141 times)
TKA (137 times)
PS (106 times)
PCL (31 times)
2002 A radiographic analysis of anterior-posterior translation in total knee arthroplasty.
15  contrast ratio
(194 times)
Radiology
(43 times)
TP (38 times)
CNR (33 times)
SNR (32 times)
1984 On the relationship of image intensifier contrast ratios measured by two techniques.
16  conventional radiography
(140 times)
Rheumatology
(49 times)
CT (32 times)
US (31 times)
MRI (29 times)
1992 Accuracy of visual inspection, fiber-optic transillumination, and various radiographic image modalities for the detection of occlusal caries in extracted non-cavitated teeth.
17  coefficient of repeatability
(136 times)
Ophthalmology
(38 times)
ICC (41 times)
CV (20 times)
LOA (13 times)
1994 Assessment of left ventricular regional function by radionuclide angiography: effects of number of sectors on repeatability.
18  complement receptor
(128 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(65 times)
FcR (11 times)
sIg (6 times)
FcgammaR (5 times)
1976 Complement receptor lymphocytes in the rabbit I. an SIg-negative subpopulation in the appendix.
19  cognitive remediation
(122 times)
Psychiatry
(72 times)
CBT (11 times)
TAU (10 times)
BD (4 times)
1993 Cognitive remediation in traumatic brain injury: update and issues.
20  complete revascularization
(114 times)
Cardiology
(83 times)
PCI (53 times)
IR (49 times)
STEMI (32 times)
1977 Evaluation of saphenous vein bypass surgery with multistage treadmill test and ventricular function studies.
21  clinical remission
(107 times)
Gastroenterology
(26 times)
CD (16 times)
UC (15 times)
CI (10 times)
1984 Vincristine, cisplatin, and bleomycin with surgery in the management of advanced metastatic nonseminomatous testis tumors.
22  Cajal-Retzius
(105 times)
Neurology
(49 times)
MZ (10 times)
GABA (8 times)
GW (4 times)
1987 Development of Cajal-Retzius cells in the human auditory cortex.
23  carbapenem-resistant
(104 times)
Microbiology
(24 times)
MDR (14 times)
ESBL (10 times)
CS (9 times)
2000 Emergence and rapid spread of carbapenem resistance during a large and sustained hospital outbreak of multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii.
24  composite resin
(95 times)
Dentistry
(68 times)
GIC (20 times)
RMGIC (15 times)
GI (10 times)
1995 Coronal microleakage in conservatively restored endodontic access preparations.
25  cross-reactivity
(87 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
LOD (19 times)
ELISA (14 times)
mAb (12 times)
1976 [Autoantibodies to the common antigenic determinant of group A streptococcal polysaccharide and epithelial cells of mammalian thymus and skin].
26  carcinogenic risk
(85 times)
Environmental Health
(72 times)
HI (29 times)
THQ (20 times)
HQ (15 times)
2013 Potential health risks of heavy metals in cultivated topsoil and grain, including correlations with human primary liver, lung and gastric cancer, in Anhui province, Eastern China.
27  centric relation
(84 times)
Dentistry
(69 times)
CO (18 times)
MI (14 times)
TMD (9 times)
1990 A comparison of the signs of temporomandibular joint dysfunction and occlusal discrepancies in a symptom-free population of men and women.
28  chest radiography
(84 times)
Radiology
(20 times)
CT (24 times)
CAP (9 times)
HRCT (9 times)
1986 Asbestos exposure and retention as determinants of airway disease and asbestos alveolitis.
29  charge recombination
(72 times)
Chemistry
(64 times)
CS (44 times)
ET (15 times)
CT (14 times)
2001 Modulating charge separation and charge recombination dynamics in porphyrin-fullerene linked dyads and triads: Marcus-normal versus inverted region.
30  circadian rhythm
(71 times)
Physiology
(12 times)
BP (9 times)
HR (7 times)
HS (4 times)
1976 Phase shifting the circadian rhythm of neuronal activity in the isolated Aplysia eye with puromycin and cycloheximide. Electrophysiological and biochemical studies.
31  castration-resistant
(70 times)
Neoplasms
(23 times)
PC (15 times)
PCa (15 times)
AR (13 times)
1993 Toxicity of and mutagenesis by chlorate are independent of nitrate reductase activity in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
32  Czech Republic
(70 times)
Epidemiology
(18 times)
TB (5 times)
B. pertussis (3 times)
CRL (2 times)
1990 [Surveillance of tuberculosis in the Czech Republic in 1989].
33  cancer risk
(67 times)
Environmental Health
(55 times)
HI (21 times)
HQ (21 times)
THQ (17 times)
2008 Risk assessment of trihalomethanes from tap water in Fortaleza, Brazil.
34  complete hematological remission
(65 times)
Hematology
(23 times)
AML (9 times)
OS (7 times)
MRD (6 times)
1992 Shedding of CD9 antigen by bone marrow cells from patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
35  creatine
(64 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(11 times)
PL (13 times)
Cho (7 times)
mI (7 times)
1975 [Dialysis of methylguanidine and hypothesis on the middle molecules].
36  cognitive rehabilitation
(62 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
AD (13 times)
MS (9 times)
CT (8 times)
1995 Neurocognitive rehabilitation guidelines for therapists.
37  clearance rate
(61 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
RR (10 times)
SFG (8 times)
AE (7 times)
1975 Glucose turnover in the exercising dog with chemically induced diabetes and the effect of methylprednisolone.
38  cervical radiculopathy
(57 times)
Rehabilitation
(12 times)
NDI (9 times)
VAS (5 times)
CM (4 times)
1997 Objective evaluation of pain in various spinal diseases: neuropeptide immunoreactivity in the cerebrospinal fluid.
39  cure rate
(53 times)
Tropical Medicine
(16 times)
ERR (24 times)
PZQ (9 times)
STH (9 times)
1992 [Treatment of soil-transmitted helminth infections by anthelmintics in current use].
40  clinical response
(52 times)
Neoplasms
(24 times)
PR (14 times)
CD (5 times)
CI (5 times)
1986 [Treatment results of carcinoma of the lower gum with radiation therapy combined with bleomycin].
41  closed reduction
(52 times)
Orthopedics
(29 times)
DDH (20 times)
ORIF (11 times)
AI (9 times)
2002 Indications for treatment of subcondylar mandibular fractures.
42  complete remission rate
(52 times)
Hematology
(24 times)
OS (17 times)
AML (15 times)
PR (8 times)
1976 The use of the Robinson in vitro agar culture assay in adult acute leukemia.
43  colorectal
(50 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
CRC (8 times)
OS (3 times)
CSC (2 times)
1990 A pilot study on the usefulness of a new test for mass screening of colorectal cancer in Japan.
44  Critically Endangered
(50 times)
Plants
(22 times)
EN (16 times)
VU (7 times)
DD (3 times)
2005 On the verge of extinction: genetics of the critically endangered Iberian plant species, Borderea chouardii (Dioscoreaceae) and implications for conservation management.
45  cardiorespiratory
(47 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
HR (6 times)
AD (4 times)
GER (4 times)
1979 Relationships among cardiorespiratory fitness, regular physical activity, and plasma lipids in young adults.
46  coronary revascularization
(47 times)
Cardiology
(17 times)
MI (14 times)
HR (8 times)
MPI (7 times)
1989 [Serial changes in left ventricular global and regional function during exercise after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty; effect of complete coronary revascularization].
47  contractile reserve
(46 times)
Cardiology
(33 times)
LV (18 times)
DSE (13 times)
CRT (8 times)
1996 Low increase in cGMP induced by organic nitrates and nitrovasodilators improves contractile response of rat ventricular myocytes.
48  cognitive radio
(45 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(33 times)
IoT (7 times)
PUs (7 times)
SUs (7 times)
2013 Optimal periodic cooperative spectrum sensing based on weight fusion in cognitive radio networks.
49  composite reliability
(45 times)
Nursing
(8 times)
AVE (25 times)
CFA (20 times)
CFI (8 times)
2012 A confirmatory approach to examining the factor structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ): a large scale cohort study.
50  crown-rump
(45 times)
Anatomy
(12 times)
GD (2 times)
PSPb (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
1976 A radiological study of morphology and growth in the human fetal colon.
51  Coptidis Rhizoma
(44 times)
Pharmacology
(14 times)
SR (6 times)
BER (4 times)
PCA (4 times)
1995 The correlation of Kampo formulations and their ingredients on anti-bacterial activities against Propionibacterium acnes.
52  concentric remodeling
(43 times)
Cardiology
(24 times)
CH (30 times)
EH (27 times)
LV (26 times)
2000 Left ventricular geometry in pregnancy-induced hypertension.
53  corona radiata
(41 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
DTI (12 times)
FA (12 times)
CST (11 times)
1983 A quantitative histochemical study of lactate dehydrogenase and succinate dehydrogenase activities in the membrana granulosa of the ovulatory follicle of the rat.
54  conditioned reflex
(40 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
AN (2 times)
CN (2 times)
DH (2 times)
1976 Participation of the basal ganglia in the conditioned reflex (CR) mechanism.
55  cost ratio
(39 times)
Geriatrics
(4 times)
CI (13 times)
OR (8 times)
RR (4 times)
1988 Localization and activity of inflammatory bowel disease using 111In leukocyte imaging.
56  carbonyl reductase
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
hCG (3 times)
eCG (2 times)
SDR (2 times)
1990 Changes and localization of ovarian carbonyl reductase during pseudopregnancy and pregnancy in rats.
57  cockroach
(37 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(22 times)
mAb (4 times)
SPT (4 times)
HDM (3 times)
1976 Study on cockroach antigen as a probable causative agent in bronchial asthma.
58  colonization resistance
(37 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(7 times)
GF (3 times)
CI (2 times)
DGGE (2 times)
1971 Colonization resistance of the digestive tract in conventional and antibiotic-treated mice.
59  control rats
(36 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
TR (5 times)
DR (4 times)
FFDR (3 times)
1987 Effect of prenatal androgenization on lamb performance, carcass composition and reproductive function.
60  cysteine-rich
(36 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
MR (5 times)
BMP (3 times)
cv-2 (3 times)
1994 Association of utrophin and multiple dystrophin short forms with the mammalian M(r) 58,000 dystrophin-associated protein (syntrophin).
61  conserved region
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
aa (3 times)
Ad (2 times)
DBP (2 times)
1986 Functional analysis of the adenovirus type 5 DNA-binding protein: site-directed mutants which are defective for adeno-associated virus helper activity.
62  clinical recurrence
(34 times)
Urology
(18 times)
RP (16 times)
BCR (15 times)
PSA (13 times)
2001 [Azathioprine and 5-ASA in the prevention of postoperative recurrence of Crohn's disease].
63  clopidogrel resistance
(33 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
CS (5 times)
IS (5 times)
ACS (4 times)
2011 [Relationships of blood stasis syndrome, CYP2C19 gene polymorphism with clopidogrel resistance and post-PCI prognosis].
64  conditional reprogramming
(33 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
PDX (4 times)
ROCK (3 times)
ACE2 (2 times)
2016 Conditionally reprogrammed normal and primary tumor prostate epithelial cells: a novel patient-derived cell model for studies of human prostate cancer.
65  control
(33 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
cr (4 times)
TR (4 times)
CL (2 times)
1988 Effects of nifedipine on blood pressure and heart rate in conscious neurogenic hypertensive rats.
66  cooling rate
(33 times)
Biology
(6 times)
ACT (3 times)
ET (3 times)
HT (3 times)
1994 Effect of moisture content on the invertase activity of freeze-dried S. cerevisiae.
67  Citrobacter rodentium
(32 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
EHEC (9 times)
EPEC (8 times)
A/E (4 times)
2004 Dissecting virulence: systematic and functional analyses of a pathogenicity island.
68  clinical reasoning
(32 times)
Education
(12 times)
EBM (2 times)
OMPT (2 times)
PBL (2 times)
2009 Clinical reasoning in musculoskeletal practice: students' conceptualizations.
69  common region
(32 times)
Virology
(11 times)
PCR (10 times)
CP (4 times)
nt (4 times)
1992 Sequence-specific interaction with the viral AL1 protein identifies a geminivirus DNA replication origin.
70  cinematic rendering
(31 times)
Radiology
(19 times)
CT (16 times)
VR (7 times)
VRT (3 times)
2016 Cinematic rendering - an alternative to volume rendering for 3D computed tomography imaging.
71  clubroot resistance
(31 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(9 times)
DH (3 times)
CCD (2 times)
DEGs (2 times)
2003 A novel locus for clubroot resistance in Brassica rapa and its linkage markers.
72  cognitive restructuring
(31 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
PTSD (4 times)
CBT (3 times)
CD (3 times)
1978 Social skills training and cognitive restructuring with alcoholics.
73  constant routine
(31 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
CBT (4 times)
DLMO (3 times)
HR (3 times)
1992 The variability in circadian phase and amplitude estimates derived from sequential constant routines.
74  coordinated reset
(31 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
STDP (4 times)
RVS (3 times)
DBS (2 times)
2011 Desynchronizing anti-resonance effect of m: n ON-OFF coordinated reset stimulation.
75  capture-recapture
(29 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
TB (2 times)
ARPs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1997 Capture-recapture: reconnaissance of a demographic technique in epidemiology.
76  colostrum replacer
(29 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(27 times)
MC (8 times)
CD (3 times)
CS (3 times)
2001 Formulation of colostrum supplements, colostrum replacers and acquisition of passive immunity in neonatal calves.
77  cosmic ray
(29 times)
Medicine
(15 times)
FDs (2 times)
GR (2 times)
IR (2 times)
1992 Cosmic ray LET spectra and doses on board Cosmos-2044 biosatellite.
78  cancer registry
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
PDB (2 times)
RARECARE (2 times)
ABUTH (1 time)
1991 [A descriptive study of 105 patients with cerebral metastasis].
79  Cerenkov radiation
(28 times)
Biophysics
(7 times)
PDT (5 times)
CLI (4 times)
CRET (4 times)
2007 Forward- and backward-propagating Cerenkov radiation in strong chiral media.
80  cumulative risk
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
CI (3 times)
DR (2 times)
FA (2 times)
1992 International trends in the incidence of bone cancer are not related to drinking water fluoridation.
81  care recipient
(27 times)
Geriatrics
(19 times)
CG (9 times)
AD (4 times)
CGs (4 times)
2005 Needs and preference assessment for an in-home nutrition education program using social marketing theory.
82  chronic rhinitis
(26 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
AR (11 times)
NAR (8 times)
IT (3 times)
2003 Epidemiology of rhinitis in Thais: characteristics and risk factors.
83  Cimicifuga racemosa
(26 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
LH (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
ERbeta (2 times)
1991 Effects of extracts from Cimicifuga racemosa on gonadotropin release in menopausal women and ovariectomized rats.
84  calreticulin
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
ER (7 times)
CRTAase (5 times)
TAase (4 times)
1992 The 5'-flanking region of the human calreticulin gene shares homology with the human GRP78, GRP94, and protein disulfide isomerase promoters.
85  cardiac rupture
(25 times)
Cardiology
(13 times)
AMI (14 times)
STEMI (6 times)
MI (4 times)
1979 [Cardiac rupture: a not infrequent complication of acute myocardial infarction. Report of five cases (author's transl)].
86  cognitive restraint
(25 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
UE (16 times)
EE (15 times)
BMI (5 times)
2002 Impact of gastric banding on eating behavior and weight.
87  coherence resonance
(25 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
SR (8 times)
CV (3 times)
FHN (2 times)
2000 Coherence resonance and noise-induced synchronization in globally coupled Hodgkin-Huxley neurons.
88  contractile ring
(24 times)
Cell Biology
(12 times)
FRAP (3 times)
ABD (2 times)
MR (2 times)
1990 Reorganization of circumferential microfilament bundles in retinal epithelial cells during mitosis.
89  cerebrovascular reactivity
(22 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CBF (3 times)
BHI (2 times)
NE (2 times)
1976 Cardiovascular reactivity and neurogenic tone in unilateral renovascular hypertension in the rat.
90  conditioned reinforcement
(22 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
CS (3 times)
CCK (2 times)
DHbetaE (2 times)
1984 Enhanced behavioural control by conditioned reinforcers following microinjections of d-amphetamine into the nucleus accumbens.
91  corneal radius
(22 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
AL (18 times)
ACD (8 times)
LT (5 times)
2003 Oculometric features of hyperopia in children with accommodative refractive esotropia.
92  calorie restricted diet
(21 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
AL (4 times)
BW (2 times)
HF (2 times)
1990 Effect of chronic caloric restriction on the circadian regulation of physiological and behavioral variables in old male B6C3F1 mice.
93  Charles River
(21 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
HF (2 times)
hr (2 times)
IVA-SIV (2 times)
1982 Host endocrine status mediates oncogenesis: leukemia virus-induced carcinomas and reticulum cell sarcomas in acyclic or normal mice.
94  cognitive reappraisal
(21 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
ES (12 times)
ER (6 times)
AD (2 times)
2010 Seeing, thinking, and feeling: emotion-regulating effects of gaze-directed cognitive reappraisal.
95  competing risk
(21 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
KM (4 times)
CI (3 times)
AFP (2 times)
2010 A competing risks approach for time estimation of household WEEE disposal.
96  contrast recovery
(20 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(10 times)
BV (9 times)
OSEM (7 times)
CNR (5 times)
2008 [Diastolic dysfunction types in the prediction of viable myocardium functional recovery].
97  coronary resistance
(20 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
MAP (3 times)
NO (3 times)
ACh (2 times)
1978 Effect of sublingual nitroglycerin on regional flow in patients with and without coronary disease.
98  chloroquine-resistant
(19 times)
Drug Therapy
(7 times)
CS (15 times)
CQ (2 times)
FP (2 times)
1973 Chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum: difference in the handling of 14C-amodiaquin and 14C-chloroquine.
99  correct rejection
(19 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
FA (5 times)
CRN (2 times)
ERPs (2 times)
1995 Interaction of several complement proteins with gp120 and gp41, the two envelope glycoproteins of HIV-1.
100  crown root
(19 times)
Botany
(9 times)
PR (4 times)
SR (4 times)
FHB (3 times)
2008 Phases of infection and gene expression of Fusarium graminearum during crown rot disease of wheat.