A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : CR

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : CR
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 4 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: CR
Appearance Frequency: 26779 time(s)
Long forms: 1812

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
complete remission
(6463 times)
Neoplasms
(2840 times)
AML (1526 times)
PR (1179 times)
OS (1102 times)
0 [Long-term treatment of venous thromboembolism in patients with cancer].
complete response
(6086 times)
Neoplasms
(3808 times)
PR (2617 times)
OS (881 times)
SD (707 times)
0 Durable Complete Response of Colorectal Cancer Metastasis after Biochemotherapy.
caloric restriction
(1884 times)
Geriatrics
(430 times)
AL (278 times)
ROS (53 times)
WT (43 times)
1988 Effect of chronic protein-energy malnutrition on fecundability, fecundity and fertility in rats.
cardiac rehabilitation
(1334 times)
Cardiology
(628 times)
CHD (82 times)
CAD (72 times)
MI (64 times)
1983 Cardiac rehabilitation after acute myocardial infarction. 9-year controlled follow-up study.
calretinin
(522 times)
Neurology
(241 times)
PV (251 times)
CB (176 times)
ir (63 times)
1992 Calretinin-immunoreactive neurons in the primary visual cortex of dolphin and human brains.
computed radiography
(522 times)
Radiology
(291 times)
DR (75 times)
PACS (49 times)
CT (32 times)
1979 Digital radiography using a computed tomographic instrument.
controlled-release
(449 times)
Pharmacology
(155 times)
IR (99 times)
ER (27 times)
VAS (15 times)
1981 Relative absorption of disopyramide as determined by liquid chromatography following acute administration of standard capsules and controlled-release tablets.
Congo red
(436 times)
Chemistry
(97 times)
MB (44 times)
XRD (42 times)
MO (36 times)
1990 Differentiation of pathogenic and nonpathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from poultry.
control region
(406 times)
Molecular Biology
(181 times)
mtDNA (63 times)
mt (41 times)
bp (40 times)
1995 Evolutionary history of the COII/tRNALys intergenic 9 base pair deletion in human mitochondrial DNAs from the Pacific.
10  compression ratio
(389 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(57 times)
PRD (25 times)
ECG (24 times)
AI (16 times)
1971 The source of plasma dihydrotestosterone in man.
11  conditioned response
(388 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(174 times)
CS (167 times)
US (129 times)
UCS (28 times)
1968 The influence of individually differing intensity of the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) on the elaboration of the conditioned response (CR).
12  cognitive reserve
(214 times)
Neurology
(104 times)
AD (44 times)
MCI (22 times)
MS (11 times)
2003 Genetic evidence for cognitive reserve: variations in memory and related cognitive functions.
13  chronic rejection
(203 times)
Transplantation
(109 times)
AR (62 times)
ACR (10 times)
CAN (8 times)
1977 Pretransplant monitoring of donor-recipient compatibility.
14  cruciate-retaining
(170 times)
Orthopedics
(120 times)
TKA (118 times)
PS (90 times)
PCL (26 times)
2001 A radiographic analysis of anterior-posterior translation in total knee arthroplasty.
15  contrast ratio
(160 times)
Radiology
(38 times)
TP (29 times)
CNR (26 times)
SNR (26 times)
1984 On the relationship of image intensifier contrast ratios measured by two techniques.
16  coefficient of repeatability
(127 times)
Ophthalmology
(37 times)
ICC (35 times)
CV (16 times)
LOA (13 times)
1994 Assessment of left ventricular regional function by radionuclide angiography: effects of number of sectors on repeatability.
17  conventional radiography
(126 times)
Rheumatology
(42 times)
CT (32 times)
US (28 times)
MRI (27 times)
1992 Accuracy of visual inspection, fiber-optic transillumination, and various radiographic image modalities for the detection of occlusal caries in extracted non-cavitated teeth.
18  complement receptor
(124 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(64 times)
FcR (11 times)
sIg (6 times)
FcgammaR (5 times)
1976 Complement receptor lymphocytes in the rabbit I. an SIg-negative subpopulation in the appendix.
19  Cajal-Retzius
(101 times)
Neurology
(48 times)
MZ (10 times)
GABA (8 times)
GW (4 times)
1987 Development of Cajal-Retzius cells in the human auditory cortex.
20  cognitive remediation
(101 times)
Psychiatry
(61 times)
CBT (11 times)
TAU (9 times)
CG (4 times)
1993 Cognitive remediation in traumatic brain injury: update and issues.
21  complete revascularization
(101 times)
Cardiology
(73 times)
PCI (46 times)
IR (44 times)
STEMI (29 times)
1977 Evaluation of saphenous vein bypass surgery with multistage treadmill test and ventricular function studies.
22  clinical remission
(90 times)
Gastroenterology
(18 times)
CD (11 times)
UC (11 times)
IgAN (10 times)
1984 Vincristine, cisplatin, and bleomycin with surgery in the management of advanced metastatic nonseminomatous testis tumors.
23  composite resin
(82 times)
Dentistry
(59 times)
GIC (17 times)
RMGIC (13 times)
GI (9 times)
1995 Coronal microleakage in conservatively restored endodontic access preparations.
24  cross-reactivity
(80 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
LOD (15 times)
ELISA (14 times)
mAb (10 times)
1976 [Autoantibodies to the common antigenic determinant of group A streptococcal polysaccharide and epithelial cells of mammalian thymus and skin].
25  centric relation
(77 times)
Dentistry
(63 times)
CO (18 times)
MI (13 times)
TMD (9 times)
1990 A comparison of the signs of temporomandibular joint dysfunction and occlusal discrepancies in a symptom-free population of men and women.
26  chest radiography
(75 times)
Radiology
(20 times)
CT (21 times)
CAP (9 times)
HRCT (9 times)
1986 Asbestos exposure and retention as determinants of airway disease and asbestos alveolitis.
27  carbapenem-resistant
(66 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(14 times)
MDR (9 times)
CI (7 times)
CS (7 times)
2000 Emergence and rapid spread of carbapenem resistance during a large and sustained hospital outbreak of multiresistant Acinetobacter baumannii.
28  charge recombination
(66 times)
Chemistry
(60 times)
CS (41 times)
ET (14 times)
CT (12 times)
2001 Modulating charge separation and charge recombination dynamics in porphyrin-fullerene linked dyads and triads: Marcus-normal versus inverted region.
29  circadian rhythm
(64 times)
Physiology
(12 times)
BP (8 times)
HR (7 times)
HS (4 times)
1976 Phase shifting the circadian rhythm of neuronal activity in the isolated Aplysia eye with puromycin and cycloheximide. Electrophysiological and biochemical studies.
30  castration-resistant
(62 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
PC (14 times)
AR (13 times)
PCa (13 times)
1993 Toxicity of and mutagenesis by chlorate are independent of nitrate reductase activity in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.
31  Czech Republic
(62 times)
Epidemiology
(16 times)
TB (4 times)
B. pertussis (3 times)
CRL (2 times)
0 Campylobacteriosis in the South Bohemian Region- aRecurrent Problem.
32  carcinogenic risk
(58 times)
Environmental Health
(49 times)
HI (19 times)
THQ (15 times)
HQ (10 times)
2014 Potential health risks of heavy metals in cultivated topsoil and grain, including correlations with human primary liver, lung and gastric cancer, in Anhui province, Eastern China.
33  clearance rate
(55 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
RR (9 times)
SFG (8 times)
AE (7 times)
1975 Glucose turnover in the exercising dog with chemically induced diabetes and the effect of methylprednisolone.
34  cognitive rehabilitation
(53 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
AD (13 times)
CT (7 times)
MS (7 times)
1995 Neurocognitive rehabilitation guidelines for therapists.
35  conventional resuscitation
(53 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
HS (10 times)
DPR (8 times)
HT (5 times)
2002 Histological changes in the pituitary gland and adenomas following radiotherapy.
36  clinical response
(49 times)
Neoplasms
(24 times)
PR (13 times)
CI (4 times)
CRT (4 times)
1986 [Treatment results of carcinoma of the lower gum with radiation therapy combined with bleomycin].
37  complete hematological remission
(49 times)
Hematology
(18 times)
AML (8 times)
PR (5 times)
APL (4 times)
1992 Shedding of CD9 antigen by bone marrow cells from patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
38  complete remission rate
(49 times)
Hematology
(22 times)
OS (16 times)
AML (15 times)
PR (8 times)
1976 The use of the Robinson in vitro agar culture assay in adult acute leukemia.
39  cervical radiculopathy
(48 times)
Rehabilitation
(11 times)
NDI (9 times)
VAS (4 times)
CM (3 times)
1997 Objective evaluation of pain in various spinal diseases: neuropeptide immunoreactivity in the cerebrospinal fluid.
40  colorectal
(45 times)
General Surgery
(15 times)
CRC (8 times)
OS (3 times)
CSC (2 times)
1990 A pilot study on the usefulness of a new test for mass screening of colorectal cancer in Japan.
41  cure rate
(45 times)
Tropical Medicine
(13 times)
ERR (19 times)
STH (8 times)
ASR (5 times)
1992 [Treatment of soil-transmitted helminth infections by anthelmintics in current use].
42  cancer risk
(44 times)
Environmental Health
(34 times)
THQ (13 times)
HI (12 times)
HQ (10 times)
2009 Risk assessment of trihalomethanes from tap water in Fortaleza, Brazil.
43  contractile reserve
(44 times)
Cardiology
(32 times)
LV (17 times)
DSE (13 times)
CRT (8 times)
1996 Low increase in cGMP induced by organic nitrates and nitrovasodilators improves contractile response of rat ventricular myocytes.
44  coronary revascularization
(44 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
MI (13 times)
HR (7 times)
MPI (6 times)
1989 [Serial changes in left ventricular global and regional function during exercise after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty; effect of complete coronary revascularization].
45  crown-rump
(44 times)
Anatomy
(12 times)
GD (2 times)
PSPb (2 times)
BPD (1 time)
1976 A radiological study of morphology and growth in the human fetal colon.
46  cardiorespiratory
(43 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
HR (6 times)
AD (4 times)
GER (3 times)
1979 Relationships among cardiorespiratory fitness, regular physical activity, and plasma lipids in young adults.
47  conditioned reflex
(40 times)
Neurology
(33 times)
AN (2 times)
CN (2 times)
DH (2 times)
1976 Participation of the basal ganglia in the conditioned reflex (CR) mechanism.
48  concentric remodeling
(39 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
CH (27 times)
LV (25 times)
EH (24 times)
2000 Left ventricular geometry in pregnancy-induced hypertension.
49  closed reduction
(38 times)
Orthopedics
(19 times)
DDH (10 times)
ORIF (10 times)
AVN (7 times)
1999 Indications for treatment of subcondylar mandibular fractures.
50  Coptidis Rhizoma
(38 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
SR (5 times)
BER (4 times)
PC (3 times)
1995 The correlation of Kampo formulations and their ingredients on anti-bacterial activities against Propionibacterium acnes.
51  carbonyl reductase
(37 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
hCG (3 times)
eCG (2 times)
SDR (2 times)
1990 Changes and localization of ovarian carbonyl reductase during pseudopregnancy and pregnancy in rats.
52  colonization resistance
(36 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(7 times)
GF (3 times)
CI (2 times)
DGGE (2 times)
1971 Colonization resistance of the digestive tract in conventional and antibiotic-treated mice.
53  cockroach
(35 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(21 times)
mAb (4 times)
SPT (3 times)
AHR (2 times)
1976 Study on cockroach antigen as a probable causative agent in bronchial asthma.
54  conserved region
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
aa (3 times)
Ad (2 times)
DBP (2 times)
1986 Functional analysis of the adenovirus type 5 DNA-binding protein: site-directed mutants which are defective for adeno-associated virus helper activity.
55  control rats
(35 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
TR (5 times)
DR (4 times)
FFDR (3 times)
1987 Effect of prenatal androgenization on lamb performance, carcass composition and reproductive function.
56  cysteine-rich
(35 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
MR (5 times)
BMP (3 times)
cv-2 (3 times)
1994 Association of utrophin and multiple dystrophin short forms with the mammalian M(r) 58,000 dystrophin-associated protein (syntrophin).
57  corona radiata
(34 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
CST (9 times)
DTI (9 times)
FA (9 times)
1983 A quantitative histochemical study of lactate dehydrogenase and succinate dehydrogenase activities in the membrana granulosa of the ovulatory follicle of the rat.
58  control
(32 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
cr (4 times)
TR (4 times)
CL (2 times)
1988 Effects of nifedipine on blood pressure and heart rate in conscious neurogenic hypertensive rats.
59  cost ratio
(32 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
CI (10 times)
OR (5 times)
AED (1 time)
1988 Localization and activity of inflammatory bowel disease using 111In leukocyte imaging.
60  common region
(31 times)
Virology
(11 times)
PCR (10 times)
CP (4 times)
nt (4 times)
1992 Sequence-specific interaction with the viral AL1 protein identifies a geminivirus DNA replication origin.
61  clinical recurrence
(30 times)
Urology
(17 times)
RP (15 times)
BCR (13 times)
PSA (12 times)
2000 [Azathioprine and 5-ASA in the prevention of postoperative recurrence of Crohn's disease].
62  cognitive radio
(30 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(21 times)
SUs (5 times)
IoT (4 times)
MAC (4 times)
2013 Optimal periodic cooperative spectrum sensing based on weight fusion in cognitive radio networks.
63  constant routine
(30 times)
Physiology
(18 times)
CBT (4 times)
DLMO (3 times)
HR (3 times)
1992 The variability in circadian phase and amplitude estimates derived from sequential constant routines.
64  cognitive restructuring
(29 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
PTSD (4 times)
CBT (3 times)
BA (2 times)
1978 Social skills training and cognitive restructuring with alcoholics.
65  coordinated reset
(29 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
RVS (3 times)
STDP (3 times)
EEG (2 times)
2011 Desynchronizing anti-resonance effect of m: n ON-OFF coordinated reset stimulation.
66  Critically Endangered
(29 times)
Plants
(16 times)
EN (9 times)
DD (2 times)
NT (2 times)
2005 On the verge of extinction: genetics of the critically endangered Iberian plant species, Borderea chouardii (Dioscoreaceae) and implications for conservation management.
67  cancer registry
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
PDB (2 times)
RARECARE (2 times)
ABUTH (1 time)
1991 [A descriptive study of 105 patients with cerebral metastasis].
68  Citrobacter rodentium
(28 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
EHEC (9 times)
EPEC (8 times)
A/E (4 times)
2004 Dissecting virulence: systematic and functional analyses of a pathogenicity island.
69  clopidogrel resistance
(28 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
CS (5 times)
ACS (4 times)
CI (4 times)
2010 [Relationships of blood stasis syndrome, CYP2C19 gene polymorphism with clopidogrel resistance and post-PCI prognosis].
70  cosmic ray
(28 times)
Medicine
(15 times)
GR (2 times)
IR (2 times)
SNRs (2 times)
1992 Cosmic ray LET spectra and doses on board Cosmos-2044 biosatellite.
71  Cimicifuga racemosa
(26 times)
Gynecology
(5 times)
LH (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
ERbeta (2 times)
1991 Effects of extracts from Cimicifuga racemosa on gonadotropin release in menopausal women and ovariectomized rats.
72  clinical reasoning
(26 times)
Education
(11 times)
EBM (2 times)
OMPT (2 times)
PBL (2 times)
0 Clinical Reasoning by Veterinary Students in the First-Opinion Setting: Is It Encouraged? Is It Practiced?
73  cinematic rendering
(25 times)
Radiology
(16 times)
CT (15 times)
VR (6 times)
MIP (2 times)
2016 Cinematic rendering - an alternative to volume rendering for 3D computed tomography imaging.
74  coherence resonance
(25 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
SR (8 times)
CV (3 times)
FHN (2 times)
1999 Coherence resonance in excitable and oscillatory systems: the essential role of slow and fast dynamics.
75  colostrum replacer
(25 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(23 times)
MC (6 times)
CD (3 times)
CS (3 times)
2001 Formulation of colostrum supplements, colostrum replacers and acquisition of passive immunity in neonatal calves.
76  capture-recapture
(24 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
TB (2 times)
ARPs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1997 Capture-recapture: reconnaissance of a demographic technique in epidemiology.
77  cardiac rupture
(24 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
AMI (14 times)
STEMI (5 times)
MI (4 times)
1979 [Cardiac rupture: a not infrequent complication of acute myocardial infarction. Report of five cases (author's transl)].
78  calreticulin
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
ER (6 times)
CRTAase (5 times)
CS (3 times)
1992 The 5'-flanking region of the human calreticulin gene shares homology with the human GRP78, GRP94, and protein disulfide isomerase promoters.
79  clubroot resistance
(23 times)
Genetics
(8 times)
DH (2 times)
QTL (2 times)
CS (1 time)
2004 A novel locus for clubroot resistance in Brassica rapa and its linkage markers.
80  cognitive restraint
(23 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
UE (14 times)
EE (13 times)
BMI (5 times)
2002 Impact of gastric banding on eating behavior and weight.
81  cumulative risk
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
CI (3 times)
DR (2 times)
FA (2 times)
1992 International trends in the incidence of bone cancer are not related to drinking water fluoridation.
82  cerebrovascular reactivity
(22 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CBF (3 times)
BHI (2 times)
NE (2 times)
1976 Cardiovascular reactivity and neurogenic tone in unilateral renovascular hypertension in the rat.
83  Cerenkov radiation
(22 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
CLI (4 times)
CRET (4 times)
OI (3 times)
2007 Forward- and backward-propagating Cerenkov radiation in strong chiral media.
84  composite reliability
(22 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
AVE (13 times)
CFA (9 times)
CFI (5 times)
2013 A confirmatory approach to examining the factor structure of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ): a large scale cohort study.
85  conditional reprogramming
(22 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(5 times)
ROCK (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
2017 Conditionally reprogrammed normal and primary tumor prostate epithelial cells: a novel patient-derived cell model for studies of human prostate cancer.
86  conditioned reinforcement
(22 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
CS (3 times)
CCK (2 times)
DHbetaE (2 times)
1984 Enhanced behavioural control by conditioned reinforcers following microinjections of d-amphetamine into the nucleus accumbens.
87  Charles River
(21 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
HF (2 times)
hr (2 times)
IVA-SIV (2 times)
1982 Host endocrine status mediates oncogenesis: leukemia virus-induced carcinomas and reticulum cell sarcomas in acyclic or normal mice.
88  chronic rhinitis
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
AR (10 times)
NAR (8 times)
IT (3 times)
2000 Epidemiology of rhinitis in Thais: characteristics and risk factors.
89  contractile ring
(21 times)
Cell Biology
(12 times)
FRAP (3 times)
MR (2 times)
ABD (1 time)
1990 Reorganization of circumferential microfilament bundles in retinal epithelial cells during mitosis.
90  calorie restricted diet
(20 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AL (4 times)
BW (2 times)
HF (2 times)
1990 Effect of chronic caloric restriction on the circadian regulation of physiological and behavioral variables in old male B6C3F1 mice.
91  care recipient
(20 times)
Geriatrics
(17 times)
CG (6 times)
AD (4 times)
CGs (4 times)
2004 Needs and preference assessment for an in-home nutrition education program using social marketing theory.
92  coronary resistance
(20 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
MAP (3 times)
NO (3 times)
ACh (2 times)
1978 Effect of sublingual nitroglycerin on regional flow in patients with and without coronary disease.
93  chloroquine-resistant
(19 times)
Drug Therapy
(7 times)
CS (15 times)
CQ (2 times)
FP (2 times)
1973 Chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum: difference in the handling of 14C-amodiaquin and 14C-chloroquine.
94  center of resistance
(17 times)
Orthodontics
(12 times)
FE (5 times)
ARH (1 time)
BAWs-cast (1 time)
1985 Begg-edgewise diagnosis-determined totally individualized orthodontic technique: foundations, description, and rationale.
95  chronic allograft rejection
(17 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
OLT (2 times)
BDs (1 time)
BECs (1 time)
1991 Plasma renin activity in renal transplant patients with hypertension.
96  contrast reagent
(17 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(14 times)
B-T (2 times)
DCE (2 times)
DCE-MRI (2 times)
1994 Relaxographic imaging.
97  correct rejection
(17 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
FA (5 times)
RT (2 times)
aa (1 time)
1995 Interaction of several complement proteins with gp120 and gp41, the two envelope glycoproteins of HIV-1.
98  corticosteroid-resistant
(17 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
CS (14 times)
BAL (3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
1990 Bronchial asthma is not associated with auto-antibodies to lipocortin-1.
99  crown root
(17 times)
Botany
(9 times)
PR (4 times)
SR (4 times)
FHB (2 times)
2008 Phases of infection and gene expression of Fusarium graminearum during crown rot disease of wheat.
100  carvacrol
(16 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
TC (10 times)
GRAS (5 times)
EG (4 times)
2012 High-performance liquid chromatography quantification of principal antioxidants in black seed (Nigella sativa L.) phytopharmaceuticals.