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Abbreviation: CRA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
central retinal artery
(260 times)
Ophthalmology
(178 times)
OA (156 times)
RI (114 times)
PSV (104 times)
1978 Experimental retinal vascular occlusion. I. Pathogenesis of central retinal vein occlusion.
colorectal adenoma
(112 times)
Neoplasms
(41 times)
CRC (52 times)
CI (18 times)
OR (16 times)
1981 Value of multiple forceps biopsies in assessing the malignant potential of colonic polyps.
13-cis-retinoic acid
(76 times)
Neoplasms
(50 times)
RA (9 times)
tRA (8 times)
IFN (7 times)
1980 Atrophy induced in the tubules of the testes of Syrian hamsters by two retinoids.
Congo red agar
(58 times)
Microbiology
(24 times)
TCP (9 times)
TM (8 times)
CNS (7 times)
2002 The ica operon and biofilm production in coagulase-negative Staphylococci associated with carriage and disease in a neonatal intensive care unit.
comparative risk assessment
(54 times)
Medicine
(17 times)
DALYs (18 times)
WHO (8 times)
BMI (4 times)
1995 Toward less misleading comparisons of uncertain risks: the example of aflatoxin and alar.
Community Reinforcement Approach
(47 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(32 times)
CM (6 times)
CRAFT (5 times)
MET (3 times)
1998 Community reinforcement approach in the treatment of opiate addicts.
Caregiver Reaction Assessment
(42 times)
Geriatrics
(11 times)
HADS (4 times)
CI (2 times)
EFA (2 times)
1992 The caregiver reaction assessment (CRA) for caregivers to persons with chronic physical and mental impairments.
caries risk assessment
(42 times)
Dentistry
(35 times)
CAMBRA (6 times)
DPBRN (2 times)
ECC (2 times)
2005 Validation of a simple approach to caries risk assessment.
cardiorespiratory arrest
(28 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CPR (9 times)
MUA (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1981 Diabetes insipidus following cardiorespiratory arrest.
10  central retinal
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
OA (18 times)
RI (10 times)
PSV (7 times)
1996 Effect of oral nifedipine on ocular blood flow in patients with low tension glaucoma.
11  Canadian Rheumatology Association
(17 times)
Rheumatology
(16 times)
RA (3 times)
SpA (3 times)
SPARCC (3 times)
2003 Canadian Rheumatology Association Consensus on the use of anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha directed therapies in the treatment of spondyloarthritis.
12  colorectal anastomosis
(17 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
STC (4 times)
CAA (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2002 Subtotal colectomy with antiperistaltic cecorectal anastomosis.
13  Corosolic acid
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AMPK (1 time)
ChIP (1 time)
DNMTs (1 time)
2006 Effect of corosolic acid on postchallenge plasma glucose levels.
14  cockroach allergen
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(11 times)
BAL (3 times)
AHR (2 times)
AST (2 times)
1992 Characteristics and diagnoses of cockroach-sensitive bronchial asthma.
15  cancer-related anemia
(13 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
ESAs (3 times)
QOL (3 times)
EPO (2 times)
1997 Recombinant human erythropoietin in the treatment of cancer-related anaemia.
16  colorectal adenocarcinoma
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
ANM (1 time)
BAM (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2000 Erythrocyte polyamines and prognosis in colorectal cancer patients.
17  chemotherapy-related amenorrhea
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
AMH (3 times)
FSH (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
1996 Ovarian function in premenopausal women treated with adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer.
18  clinical research associate
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ADRs (2 times)
ADR (1 time)
AOAC (1 time)
1988 A suspension method to determine reuse life of chemical disinfectants during clinical use.
19  cytoplasmic repetitive antigen
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
FRA (11 times)
ELISA (2 times)
Ag-Epi (1 time)
1990 Expression and polymorphism of a Trypanosoma cruzi gene encoding a cytoplasmic repetitive antigen.
20  chorioretinal atrophy
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
CNV (5 times)
BCVA (4 times)
mCNV (3 times)
1994 [Mechanism of axial elongation and chorioretinal atrophy in high myopia].
21  chromium release assay
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
NK (3 times)
CTL (2 times)
ADCC (1 time)
1976 Cell-mediated immunity to H-2 antigens. Characteristics of the effector cells as detected in the microcytotoxicity assay.
22  cockroach antigen
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
AHR (2 times)
BAL (1 time)
BALF (1 time)
2001 Aberrant in vivo T helper type 2 cell response and impaired eosinophil recruitment in CC chemokine receptor 8 knockout mice.
23  Congo red agar method
(10 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
CoNS (2 times)
MATS (2 times)
MtP (2 times)
2008 Detection by PCR of adhesins genes and slime production in clinical Staphylococcus aureus.
24  compound remote associate
(9 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
AIS (1 time)
ALE (1 time)
CAQ (1 time)
2010 Effects of naturalistic stressors on cognitive flexibility and working memory task performance.
25  cosmic ray activity
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
GMA (8 times)
SA (6 times)
AMI (5 times)
2004 Link between monthly rates of four subtypes of acute myocardial infarction and their corresponding cosmophysical activity parameters.
26  cardio renal anemia
(7 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
CHF (5 times)
CKI (3 times)
ESRD (2 times)
2002 The correction of anemia in severe resistant heart failure with erythropoietin and intravenous iron prevents the progression of both the heart and the renal failure and markedly reduces hospitalization.
27  chorioretinal anastomosis
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
PDT (4 times)
ICG (3 times)
AMD (2 times)
2003 Focal inner retinal hemorrhages in patients with drusen: an early sign of occult choroidal neovascularization and chorioretinal anastomosis.
28  conjunctival rotational autograft
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
MMC (3 times)
CA (2 times)
CRA-MMC (1 time)
1999 Conjunctival rotation autograft for pterygium. An alternative to conjunctival autografting.
29  cross-reacting antigen
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ASTR (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
ICT (1 time)
1977 Effect of heat on antigenicity and immunogenicity of the antigenic determinant shared by Haemophilus influenzae type b and Escherichia coli K100.
30  canine rheumatoid arthritis
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
ACLR (1 time)
CCL (1 time)
CDV (1 time)
1988 [Long-term course of chronic polyarthritis under basic drug therapy].
31  chronic RA
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
RA (5 times)
ERA (4 times)
BOP (2 times)
2017 Activity and expression of dipeptidyl peptidase IV on peripheral blood mononuclear cells in patients with early steroid and disease modifying antirheumatic drugs naive rheumatoid arthritis.
32  Coral reef aorta
(6 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
RA (1 time)
2007 The coral reef aorta - a single centre experience in 70 patients.
33  culture repopulation ability
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CML (3 times)
IM (2 times)
LSC (2 times)
2007 Severe hypoxia defines heterogeneity and selects highly immature progenitors within clonal erythroleukemia cells.
34  corticotropin-releasing activity
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
AVP (3 times)
CRF (2 times)
OXY (2 times)
1979 [Factor(s) controlling the secretion of adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) in peripheral plasma (author's transl)].
35  cranial rotation angle
(5 times)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(2 times)
CVA (4 times)
FHP (3 times)
AFA-50 (1 time)
2013 [The effect of the severity of congenital pectus excavatum on the cardiac morphology in children: evaluation with multislice helical CT].
36  cryoablation
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
MWA (4 times)
RFA (4 times)
CI (1 time)
2003 Regional thermoablation of local or metastatic renal cell carcinoma.
37  cancer risk assessment
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
AZ (1 time)
BIO-TM (1 time)
CoreSC (1 time)
2003 A training course for oncology nurses in familial cancer risk assessment: evaluation of knowledge and practice.
38  carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter
(4 times)
Hospitals
(1 time)
ABHR (1 time)
APACHE (1 time)
ARDS (1 time)
2013 Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter ventilator-associated pneumonia: Clinical characteristics and outcome.
39  chemotherapy-related anemia
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
EPO (3 times)
DARB (2 times)
Hb (2 times)
2005 Retrospective observational study of patients with chemotherapy-related anemia receiving erythropoietic agents.
40  cilioretinal artery
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AMD (1 time)
CME (1 time)
nAMD (1 time)
1996 [Incidence, localization, length and course of the cilioretinal artery.Is there an effect on the course of temporal rental arteries?].
41  contingent replication assay
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Contingent replication assay (CRA) procedure for rapid isolation of enhancers.
42  cortisol response to awakening
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
HPA (3 times)
CRS (1 time)
TSST (1 time)
2007 The associations among hippocampal volume, cortisol reactivity, and memory performance in healthy young men.
43  cosmic ray
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
GMA (4 times)
SA (4 times)
AMI (2 times)
2008 Atherothrombosis: environmental links.
44  crease recovery angle
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
2012 Antibacterial cotton fabrics treated with core-shell nanoparticles.
45  crotonaldehyde
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
P-CRA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
ACR (1 time)
1997 Interactions of alpha, beta-unsaturated aldehydes and ketones with human glutathione S-transferase P1-1.
46  Cartilage Repair Assessment
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ACI (1 time)
AMIC (1 time)
MACI (1 time)
2011 Use of collagen scaffold and autologous bone marrow concentrate as a one-step cartilage repair in the knee: histological results of second-look biopsies at 1 year follow-up.
47  characteristic ratio assignment
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
CDM (1 time)
FOPDT (1 time)
TITO (1 time)
2010 Characteristic ratio assignment in fractional order systems.
48  chemical risk assessment
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
SR (2 times)
CVD (1 time)
MR (1 time)
2016 Implementing systematic review techniques in chemical risk assessment: Challenges, opportunities and recommendations.
49  chlorogenic acid
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AVD (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2008 Chlorogenic acid, a polyphenolic compound, treats mice with septic arthritis caused by Candida albicans.
50  chronic refractory angina
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ABMMC (1 time)
HAD (1 time)
PRCSP (1 time)
2005 Health related quality of life of patients with refractory angina before and one year after enrolment onto a refractory angina program.
51  cognitive reappraisal ability
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
MBCT (1 time)
2013 History of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Is Associated with Increased Cognitive Reappraisal Ability.
52  color relation analysis
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
AVGs (1 time)
DOS (1 time)
FODEs (1 time)
2011 Assessment of bilateral photoplethysmography for lower limb peripheral vascular occlusive disease using color relation analysis classifier.
53  comorbidity risk assessment
(3 times)
Disasters
(1 time)
ACM (1 time)
BC (1 time)
CBDRM (1 time)
2017 Collaborative risk governance in informal urban areas: The case of Wallacedene temporary relocation area.
54  cortical response audiometry
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
BRA (1 time)
CTE (1 time)
DPOAE (1 time)
1986 Brain-stem response audiometry and electronystagmographic findings in chronic toxic encephalopathy (chronic painter's syndrome).
55  Cr release assay
(3 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(3 times)
7-AAD (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
CTO (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of human mast cell-mediated cytotoxicity by DIOC18 target cell labeling in flow cytometry.
56  capture-recapture analysis
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AECG (1 time)
DMS (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2010 MS prevalence in New Zealand, an ethnically and latitudinally diverse country.
57  cardio-renal-anaemia syndrome
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CKD (2 times)
HF (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2010 High cumulative incidence of cancer in patients with cardio-renal-anaemia syndrome.
58  chronic respiratory acidosis
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
LOH (1 time)
SP (1 time)
1997 The effects of respiratory alkalosis and acidosis on net bicarbonate flux along the rat loop of Henle in vivo.
59  clomiphene-resistant anovulation
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
CC (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
FAI (1 time)
2003 Characteristics of the best prognostic evidence: an example on prediction of outcome after clomiphene citrate induction of ovulation in normogonadotropic oligoamenorrheic infertility.
60  colorectal
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CAA (2 times)
AS (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
2015 Redo-surgery by transanal colonic pull-through for failed anastomosis associated with chronic pelvic sepsis or rectovaginal fistula.
61  combined regional anesthesia
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
RC (1 time)
2009 [Efficiency of pre-emptive analgesia using ketoprofen in a program of combined regional anesthesia in pediatric orthopedics].
62  Community Reinvestment Act
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LIHTC (1 time)
2005 Efficacy of the Community Reinvestment Act in promoting lead abatement.
63  community residential aftercare
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
SMI (2 times)
MHH (1 time)
2017 Like a hotel, but boring: users' experience with short-time community-based residential aftercare.
64  Competing Risk Approach
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
DALY's (1 time)
DALYs (1 time)
ICMR (1 time)
2015 Competing Risk Approach (CRA) for Estimation of Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY's) for Female Breast Cancer in India.
65  Competitive Repopulation Assay
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
BM (2 times)
CMPs (1 time)
HSC (1 time)
2007 Loss of the tumor suppressor p15Ink4b enhances myeloid progenitor formation from common myeloid progenitors.
66  complex release activity
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1975 Complement-dependent alterations in the handling of immune complexes by NZB/W mice.
67  computed rotational angiography
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
DRR (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
2004 Internal carotid artery stenosis measurement: comparison of 3D computed rotational angiography and conventional digital subtraction angiography.
68  conflict resolution aid
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
ATC (1 time)
2015 Human factors assessment of conflict resolution aid reliability and time pressure in future air traffic control.
69  Congo red agar plate
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
CNS (1 time)
MDCK (1 time)
2001 Congo red agar plate method: improved accuracy and new extended application to Staphylococcus aureus.
70  continuous regional analgesia
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
PCA (1 time)
PCRA (1 time)
2006 Efficacy and plasma levels of ropivacaine for children: controlled regional analgesia following lower limb surgery.
71  correlated with the serum ALB value
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ALB (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2004 Optic disk manifestation in diabetic eyes with low serum albumin: late fluorescein staining and high blood flow velocities in the optic disk.
72  Cox regression analysis
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
UAE (2 times)
MRI (1 time)
TF (1 time)
2012 Treatment failure after uterine artery embolization: prospective cohort study with multifactorial analysis of possible predictors of long-term outcome.
73  craniopharyngiomas
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CHO (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
DI (1 time)
1992 Endocrine disorders in 66 suprasellar and pineal tumors of patients with prepubertal and pubertal ages.
74  crown-root angle
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CEJ (1 time)
PDL (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2005 Anterior tooth morphology and its effect on torque.
75  Cutaneous reactive angiomatosis
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
2010 Cutaneous reactive angiomatosis associated with cholesterol embolism.
76  ACTH-releasing activity
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AII (1 time)
AP (1 time)
rc (1 time)
1988 Angiotensin II (AII) and adrenocorticotropin release: modulation by estradiol of the AII biological activity and binding characteristics in anterior pituitary dispersed cells.
77  C-reactive albumin
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2012 [Association of blood serum biochemical markers with neurologic syndromes in the exacerbation of dorsolumbar osteochondrosis].
78  C-reactive protein
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
Hcy (1 time)
MTHFR (1 time)
WBC (1 time)
2005 An association between the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T mutation and inflammation markers related to cardiovascular disease.
79  C. rodentium adjuvant
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EAE (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2011 Comparison of a classical Th1 bacteria versus a Th17 bacteria as adjuvant in the induction of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
80  cadaver renal allograft
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
GS (1 time)
Le (1 time)
PS (1 time)
1986 The importance of the Lewis system in cadaver renal transplantation.
81  calcareous red algae
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
sediment-free (1 time)
2017 Settlement patterns of the coral Acropora millepora on sediment-laden surfaces.
82  calcium reserve assembly
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
cone (1 time)
CRB sac (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
1996 Microstructure of matrix and mineral components of eggshells from White Leghorn chickens (Gallus gallus).
83  calcium reserve assembly, or assemblies
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CRB (1 time)
1989 Calcium reserve assembly: a basic structural unit of the calcium reserve system of the hen egg shell.
84  Canada Revenue Agency
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2010 Sources of revenue for nonprofit mental health and addictions organizations in Canada.
85  Canadian River Alluvium
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2003 Microbial surface thermodynamics and interactions in aqueous media.
86  cannabis-related aggression
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AAs (1 time)
EAs (1 time)
GTP (1 time)
2018 Translational studies support a role for serotonin 2B receptor (HTR2B) gene in aggression-related cannabis response.
87  CANNABIS: ALTERNATIVE REALITIES
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2015 [CANNABIS: ALTERNATIVE REALITIES (CRA)].
88  canrenoic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
1990 Reversible pharmacokinetic profiles of canrenoic acid and its biotransformed product. Canrenone in the rat.
89  Carbapenem-resistant Aeromonas
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 2014 Emergence of VIM-producing Aeromonas caviae in Israeli hospitals.
90  carbazole-9-N-acetic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EDCHCl (1 time)
2001 Determination of alcohols by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorimetric detection after pre-column derivatisation with carbazole-9-N-acetic acid and chromatographic behaviour of alcoholic derivatives.
91  Carbon rod atomic absorption analysis
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
GLC (1 time)
1979 Quantitation of gold lymphocyte binding during chrysotherapy.
92  carbon-rod atomizer
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 1973 Evaluation of a carbon-rod atomizer for routine determination of trace metals by atomic-absorption spectroscopy applications to analysis of lubricating oil and crude oil.
93  cardiac recovery area
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ITU (1 time)
1993 Does modern cardiac surgery require conventional intensive care?
94  care activity and Pharmacy spending-->costs relating to activity
(1 time)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
1994 [The costs for a health center in relation to its activities].
95  caregiver burden as measured by the 'Caregiver Reaction Assessment
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
2012 Factors associated with 'caregiver burden' for atrial fibrillation patients.
96  caries risk/susceptibility assessment
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
MI (1 time)
2017 Caries risk/susceptibility assessment: its value in minimum intervention oral healthcare.
97  caries susceptibility/risk assessment
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
RC (1 time)
2017 Assessing the Risk of Developing Carious Lesions in Root Surfaces.
98  carotid artery
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
COA (1 time)
IVC (1 time)
1994 Regional differences in prostaglandin production rates among porcine intrathoracic vessels.
99  carriage-related accidents
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
FFH (1 time)
HC (1 time)
HK (1 time)
2017 Blunt injuries related to equestrian sports: results from an international prospective trauma database analysis.
100  cascade recycling amplification
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Target-triggered cascade recycling amplification for label-free detection of microRNA and molecular logic operations.