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Abbreviation: CRD
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Long forms: 189

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
carbohydrate recognition domain
(378 times)
Biochemistry
(157 times)
SP-D (22 times)
SP-A (18 times)
CTLs (14 times)
1990 ELAM-1--dependent cell adhesion to vascular endothelium determined by a transfected human fucosyltransferase cDNA.
colorectal distension
(364 times)
Neurology
(164 times)
VMR (86 times)
IBS (53 times)
AWR (30 times)
1990 Antinociceptive effects of intrathecal adrenoceptor agonists in a rat model of visceral nociception.
cysteine-rich domain
(161 times)
Biochemistry
(44 times)
FZD (8 times)
SFRPs (8 times)
Hh (6 times)
1993 Differential expression and ligand binding properties of tumor necrosis factor receptor chimeric mutants.
chronic renal disease
(114 times)
Nephrology
(35 times)
GFR (12 times)
NO (7 times)
CVD (5 times)
1975 Parathyroid hormone (PTH) metabolism in chronic renal disease (CRD).
component-resolved diagnosis
(86 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(53 times)
sIgE (21 times)
SPT (12 times)
IgE (5 times)
1999 Component-resolved diagnosis (CRD) of type I allergy with recombinant grass and tree pollen allergens by skin testing.
cone-rod dystrophy
(83 times)
Ophthalmology
(56 times)
RP (27 times)
ERG (14 times)
AR (8 times)
1981 Autosomal dominant cone-rod dystrophy: a linkage study with 17 biochemical and serological markers.
chronic respiratory disease
(62 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(17 times)
COPD (10 times)
MG (5 times)
CVD (4 times)
1967 Relationship between gross lesions and Escherichia coli serotypes in chronic respiratory disease (CRD) of poultry.
completely randomized design
(62 times)
Biology
(22 times)
ADG (3 times)
BW (3 times)
FCR (3 times)
1987 Nutritive value of new cultivars of triticale and wheat for broiler chick diets.
Centre for Reviews and Dissemination
(57 times)
Health Services Research
(18 times)
DARE (12 times)
HTA (12 times)
RCTs (9 times)
1997 What are the best ways of tackling obesity?
10  cavity ring-down
(32 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
2CHO (2 times)
AR (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
1999 Cavity ringdown and laser-induced incandescence measurements of soot.
11  cross-reacting determinant
(30 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
GPI (12 times)
PI-PLC (10 times)
VSG (5 times)
1983 The membrane form of variant surface glycoproteins of Trypanosoma brucei.
12  chronic renal dysfunction
(15 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
eGFR (3 times)
HR (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1992 Renal effect of dopexamine hydrochloride in patients with chronic renal dysfunction.
13  carbohydrate-restricted diet
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
MetS (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
LFD (3 times)
1983 Effects of carbohydrate-containing and carbohydrate-restricted hypocaloric and eucaloric diets on serum concentrations of retinol-binding protein, thyroxine-binding prealbumin and transferrin.
14  Costa Rica Dome
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PRO (2 times)
SYN (2 times)
Chl a (1 time)
2008 Measurement and implications of nonphotochemically generated superoxide in the equatorial Pacific Ocean.
15  complete remission duration
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
ALL (6 times)
OS (5 times)
AML (3 times)
2001 Clinical significance of fragile histidine triad gene expression in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
16  cardiac rhythm device
(9 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
AF (2 times)
ICDs (2 times)
EP (1 time)
2009 Physiotherapy and cardiac rhythm devices: a review of the current scope of practice.
17  chemoreduction
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
CEV (1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
EnFS (1 time)
2006 Iodine 125 plaque radiotherapy as salvage treatment for retinoblastoma recurrence after chemoreduction in 84 tumors.
18  calorie restricted diet
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
HFD (2 times)
LCD (2 times)
AMPK (1 time)
2008 Comparison of three treatment approaches to decreasing cardiovascular disease risk in nondiabetic insulin-resistant dyslipidemic subjects.
19  central respiratory drive
(7 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
RVLM (3 times)
CVLM (2 times)
SNA (2 times)
1984 Effect of respiratory muscle weakness on P0.1 induced by partial curarization.
20  Chylomicron retention disease
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ABL (2 times)
apo (2 times)
HBL (2 times)
1994 Chylomicron retention disease: exclusion of apolipoprotein B gene defects and detection of mRNA editing in an affected family.
21  clinically relevant decrease
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ADR (1 time)
ADT (1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
2004 The criterion validity of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in a sample of self-referred elders with depressive symptomatology.
22  colorectal balloon distention
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
IBS (7 times)
EMG (2 times)
KO (2 times)
2007 Effects of neonatal maternal separation on neurochemical and sensory response to colonic distension in a rat model of irritable bowel syndrome.
23  complex repetitive discharges
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
EMG (3 times)
CI (1 time)
DB (1 time)
1985 Abnormal electromyographic activity (decelerating burst and complex repetitive discharges) in the striated muscle of the urethral sphincter in 5 women with persisting urinary retention.
24  cortisone reductase deficiency
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
PCOS (4 times)
H6PD (3 times)
H6PDH (2 times)
2003 Mutations in the genes encoding 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 and hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase interact to cause cortisone reductase deficiency.
25  child restraint device
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
ED (1 time)
1983 Demographic predictors of infant car seat use.
26  cone-rod degeneration
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
LCA (2 times)
RP (2 times)
AR (1 time)
1982 Visual field changes in cone-rod degenerations.
27  cholesterol-rich diet
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AGEs (1 time)
ES-CC (1 time)
ICAM-1 (1 time)
1980 Antiatherogenic effect of pyridinolcarbamate (prodectin). Experimental study.
28  chronic rheumatic diseases
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
BMD (2 times)
AH (1 time)
BUA (1 time)
2000 Comparison of quantitative calcaneal ultrasound and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry in the evaluation of osteoporotic risk in children with chronic rheumatic diseases.
29  coding region determinant
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AP (1 time)
APE1 (1 time)
CRD-BP (1 time)
2006 Purification and characterization of a novel mammalian endoribonuclease.
30  Complex Reactionmeter Drenovac
(5 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
ALL (1 time)
BBB (1 time)
C.I (1 time)
2002 The difference in complex psychomotor reaction time between patients with and without signs of cerebral circulatory disorders.
31  controlled-release device
(5 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
CAL (1 time)
FWEC (1 time)
GI (1 time)
1991 [Prevention of gastrointestinal nematodes in calves in Belgium].
32  cardiorespiratory diseases
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CNSPD (1 time)
EVs (1 time)
IHD (1 time)
1990 [Hemoglobin-oxygen affinity in acute respiratory and circulatory disorders in patients following open heart surgery].
33  chronic recurrent dislocations
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
GA (1 time)
OPG (1 time)
TMJ (1 time)
2005 Inappropriate treatments in temporomandibular joint chronic recurrent dislocation: a literature review presenting three particular cases.
34  circadian rhythm disturbance
(4 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BD (1 time)
CCW (1 time)
2015 Biomarkers for circadian rhythm disruption independent of time of day.
35  coding region instability determinant
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ACA (1 time)
CRD-BP (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2002 Regulation of c-myc mRNA decay by translational pausing in a coding region instability determinant.
36  complete response duration
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
OS (4 times)
EFS (2 times)
GEP (2 times)
2009 Adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and translocation (1;19) abnormality have a favorable outcome with hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone alternating with methotrexate and high-dose cytarabine chemotherapy.
37  crural diaphragm
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
COD (3 times)
CS (3 times)
HADH (2 times)
1985 Muscle fibre types in costal and crural diaphragm in normal men and in patients with moderate chronic respiratory disease.
38  central repeat domain
(3 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
5mC (1 time)
CSP (1 time)
EBE (1 time)
2014 Probability of antibody formation against circumsporozoite protein of Plasmodium vivax among Korean malaria patients.
39  circadian rhythm disruption
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ALS (1 time)
RIP (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2016 Effect of Circadian Rhythm Disruption and Alcohol on the Oxidative Stress Level in Rat Brain.
40  CR duration
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ALL (3 times)
CR (3 times)
KHCC (1 time)
2010 Anthracycline dose intensification in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia: lack of benefit in the context of the fractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone regimen.
41  cystic renal dysplasia
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
ARPKD (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
FGFR3 (1 time)
1991 The cerebro-reno-digital syndromes: a new community.
42  C-terminal domain
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
RNRs (1 time)
2006 Sequence-specific recognition of colicin E5, a tRNA-targeting ribonuclease.
43  C-terminal regulatory domain
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AID (1 time)
CBP (1 time)
SIM (1 time)
2010 CCAAT/Enhancer-binding protein beta DNA binding is auto-inhibited by multiple elements that also mediate association with p300/CREB-binding protein (CBP).
44  C-terminal ribonuclease domain
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ColE3 (1 time)
2006 Construction of a positive selection marker by a lethal gene with the amber stop codon(s) regulator.
45  cancer related death
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ccRCC (1 time)
CRS (1 time)
CSS (1 time)
2010 An overview of cancer of the prostate diagnosis and management in Nigeria: the experience in a Nigerian tertiary hospital.
46  carbohydrate recognition
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
ORF (1 time)
SP (1 time)
UTR (1 time)
2006 Neither SP-A nor NH2-terminal domains of SP-A can substitute for SP-D in regulation of alveolar homeostasis.
47  carbohydrate-binding domain
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Gal-3 (1 time)
GI (1 time)
MUB (1 time)
1998 Cloning and sequencing of three C-type lectins from body surface mucus of the land slug, Incilaria fruhstorferi.
48  carbohydrates
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PP13 (1 time)
2014 The role of the carbohydrate recognition domain of placental protein 13 (PP13) in pregnancy evaluated with recombinant PP13 and the DelT221 PP13 variant.
49  cardiologists
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
VAS (2 times)
CAS (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2009 Carotid artery stenting: Impact of practitioner specialty and volume on outcomes and resource utilization.
50  cardiorenal disease
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CKD (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
eGFRs (1 time)
2009 Waist-to-height ratio is the best anthropometric index in association with adverse cardiorenal outcomes in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
51  cavity ring-down spectroscopy
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2010 Chemical sensing using fiber cavity ring-down spectroscopy.
52  cementum-related dentin
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ERD (2 times)
1990 The inorganic components of cementum- and enamel-related dentin in the rat incisor.
53  Central River Division
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PCV (1 time)
2006 Household decision-making process and childhood cerebral malaria in The Gambia.
54  circadian rhythm disorder
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
ESP (1 time)
NCHD (1 time)
2013 [Clinico-diagnostic and expert characteristics of noncoronary cardiac rhythm disorders in state aviation pilots].
55  Combi-ring-dish
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Organotypic culture of outer root sheath cells from human hair follicles using a new culture device.
56  comparative regression discontinuity design
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
RD (1 time)
RDD (1 time)
RE (1 time)
2018 Statistical power for the comparative regression discontinuity design with a nonequivalent comparison group.
57  compartmentalized ribosome display
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
M-MuLV-RT (1 time)
2012 Generation and characterization of new highly thermostable and processive M-MuLV reverse transcriptase variants.
58  Compensation Research Database
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MSK (1 time)
WC (1 time)
2015 Occupational injury risk among ambulance officers and paramedics compared with other healthcare workers in Victoria, Australia: analysis of workers' compensation claims from 2003 to 2012.
59  complex retinal detachment
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ERM (2 times)
RRD (2 times)
1997 Vitreoretinal surgery outcomes. Impact on bilateral visual function.
60  cone-rod retinal dystrophy
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
CNNM4 (1 time)
JS (1 time)
2000 Autosomal dominant cone-rod retinal dystrophy (CORD6) from heterozygous mutation of GUCY2D, which encodes retinal guanylate cyclase.
61  Congo Red Dot
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
mHealth (1 time)
2016 Smartphone-based diagnostic for preeclampsia: an mHealth solution for administering the Congo Red Dot (CRD) test in settings with limited resources.
62  convection-reaction-diffusion
(2 times)
Physics
(1 time)
CFD (1 time)
DIFICI (1 time)
2003 Asymptotic solutions of stationary patterns in convection-reaction-diffusion systems.
63  corneal resistance device
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BAK (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2016 In vitro and in vivo corneal effects of latanoprost combined with brimonidine, timolol, dorzolamide, or brinzolamide.
64  cucurbitacin R diglucoside
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
1989 [Effect of stress and the adaptogen cucurbitacin R diglycoside on arachidonic acid metabolism].
65  cumulative radiation damage
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
DM (1 time)
FBP (1 time)
1983 Cumulative radiation damage and cumulative radiation effect.
66  cutaneous Rosai-Dorfman disease
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
SHML (1 time)
1999 Cutaneous Rosai-Dorfman disease presenting as pustular and acneiform lesions.
67  C-terminal repetitive domain
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
LRs (1 time)
SRs (1 time)
2005 Crystal structure of receptor-binding C-terminal repeats from Clostridium difficile toxin A.
68  C-terminal RNase domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
NTD (1 time)
2018 Crystal structure of the central and the C-terminal RNase domains of colicin D implicated its translocation pathway through inner membrane of target cell.
69  calorically restricted formerly obese
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
ASCs (1 time)
CR (1 time)
NWDs (1 time)
2014 Bariatric surgery and diet-induced long-term caloric restriction protect subcutaneous adipose-derived stromal/progenitor cells and prolong their life span in formerly obese humans.
70  calving-related disorders
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
RFM (1 time)
2003 Effect of calcium-energy supplements on calving-related disorders, fertility and milk yield during the transition period in cows fed anionic diets.
71  cancer-related distress
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HADS (1 time)
IES (1 time)
PANAS (1 time)
2011 Is psychological distress in men recently diagnosed with testicular cancer associated with their neuropsychological test performance?
72  Capital Regional District
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Multiuse trail intersection safety analysis: A crowdsourced data perspective.
73  carbohydrate epitope
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
GPI (1 time)
PI-PLC (1 time)
1992 Desialylation of lysosomal membrane glycoproteins by Trypanosoma cruzi: a role for the surface neuraminidase in facilitating parasite entry into the host cell cytoplasm.
74  carbohydrate restrictive
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CONV (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2016 Effects of Short-Term Carbohydrate Restrictive and Conventional Hypoenergetic Diets and Resistance Training on Strength Gains and Muscle Thickness.
75  Carbohydrate Rich diet
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
b.wt (1 time)
BD (1 time)
REMSD (1 time)
1989 REM sleep deprivation and food intake.
76  carbon-related defect
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CW (1 time)
ENDOR (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2017 Infrared, Raman and Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Study of SiO2:C Nanopowders.
77  carboxypeptidase regulatory domain-like fold
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
A-LPS (1 time)
OM (1 time)
TPR (1 time)
2016 PG1058 Is a Novel Multidomain Protein Component of the Bacterial Type IX Secretion System.
78  Cardamonin
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HPLC-UV (1 time)
RBC (1 time)
2017 Preclinical pharmacokinetics and ADME characterization of a novel anticancer chalcone, cardamonin.
79  cardiac restraint device
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
2010 Contrast pericardiography facilitates intrapericardial navigation under fluoroscopy.
80  cardiac-related death
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CHF (1 time)
MMVD (1 time)
2018 Longitudinal Analysis of Quality of Life, Clinical, Radiographic, Echocardiographic, and Laboratory Variables in Dogs with Preclinical Myxomatous Mitral Valve Disease Receiving Pimobendan or Placebo: The EPIC Study.
81  cardiac-related dyspnea
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
BNP (1 time)
MR-proANP (1 time)
NT-proBNP (1 time)
2010 Midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide for the diagnosis of cardiac-related dyspnea according to renal function in the emergency department: a comparison with B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal proBNP.
82  cardiorespiratory dysfunction
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CUMC (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
EMU (1 time)
2018 Sleep-disordered breathing, neuroendocrine function, and clinical SUDEP risk in patients with epilepsy.
83  cartilage repair device
(1 time)
Cartilage
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2017 Two-Year Evaluation of Osteochondral Repair with a Novel Biphasic Graft Saturated in Bone Marrow in an Equine Model.
84  catalytic reductive dechlorination
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AFB (1 time)
TCE (1 time)
2008 Implementing heterogeneous catalytic dechlorination technology for remediating TCE-contaminated groundwater.
85  Catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
2013 Renal sympathetic denervation as second-line therapy in mild resistant hypertension: a pilot study.
86  caveolae-related domains
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
SERCA (1 time)
SR (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2006 Displacement of SERCA from SR lipid caveolae-related domains by Bcl-2: a possible mechanism for SERCA inactivation.
87  cellular reaction dynamics
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CFD (1 time)
2017 A 9-pool metabolic structured kinetic model describing days to seconds dynamics of growth and product formation by Penicillium chrysogenum.
88  Cellular Response Database
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Collaborative bioinformatics: data warehouses for targeted experimental results.
89  cementum-related
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ERD (1 time)
1990 The possible relationship between the mineralization of dentin and the composition of its organic matrix.
90  center depression
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
GLYC (1 time)
IB (1 time)
2003 Diazepam inhibits organophosphate-induced central respiratory depression.
91  center of diabetes
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
RCD (1 time)
2017 [The overweight, the obesity and the glycemic control among diabetics of the provincial reference center of diabetes (CRD), Kenitra, Morocco].
92  Center of Research Dissemination
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
CINAHL (1 time)
QALY (1 time)
2015 A systematic review of studies eliciting willingness-to-pay per quality-adjusted life year: does it justify CE threshold?
93  central retinal degeneration
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1990 Comparison of serum and plasma taurine values in Bengal tigers with values in taurine-sufficient and -deficient domestic cats.
94  Centre for Rare Disorders
(1 time)
Huntington Disease
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
NCDR (1 time)
2018 Age at Death and Causes of Death in Patients with Huntington Disease in Norway in 1986-2015.
95  Cerradao
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CSS (1 time)
GRF (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2018 Edaphic fauna in a vegetation gradient in the Sete Cidades National Park.
96  Cervical rotation deficit
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
IPA (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2006 Patterns of postural asymmetry in infants: a standardized video-based analysis.
97  change rate of bacterial DNA
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
2018 Establishment of a method for measuring leukocyte phagocytosis based on 16S rDNA.
98  checkpoint recruitment domain
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
RPA (1 time)
2008 The basic cleft of RPA70N binds multiple checkpoint proteins, including RAD9, to regulate ATR signaling.
99  chemical reaction detection technique
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
1994 Accumulation of flavanols in yellowing beech leaves from forest decline sites.
100  Chemical Regulation Division, the United Kingdom
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
APVMA (1 time)
EFSA (1 time)
IESTI (1 time)
2018 Setting the stage for the review of the international estimate of short-term intake (IESTI) equation.