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Abbreviation: CRS
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Long forms: 405

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
chronic rhinosinusitis
(2527 times)
Otolaryngology
(1599 times)
ESS (319 times)
CT (225 times)
CRSwNP (187 times)
0 [Olfactory function in patients undergoing FESS for chronic rhinosinusitis].
cytoreductive surgery
(921 times)
Neoplasms
(547 times)
HIPEC (732 times)
PC (153 times)
PCI (138 times)
2003 [Cytoreductive surgery of liver metastasis from colorectal cancer: principles of intra-arterial regional chemotherapy].
congenital rubella syndrome
(375 times)
Communicable Diseases
(92 times)
WHO (33 times)
RCV (25 times)
RV (24 times)
1976 Rubella 1974 and its aftermath, congenital rubella syndrome.
cardiorenal syndrome
(242 times)
Nephrology
(53 times)
CKD (37 times)
AKI (33 times)
HF (21 times)
2007 Cardiorenal syndrome at different stages of chronic kidney disease.
cytokine release syndrome
(199 times)
Neoplasms
(59 times)
CAR (65 times)
CAR-T (31 times)
ALL (29 times)
1994 The effects of oral pentoxifylline on the cytokine release syndrome during inductive OKT3.
chronic restraint stress
(145 times)
Neurology
(42 times)
FST (16 times)
BDNF (14 times)
CORT (10 times)
2004 Chronic restraint stress up-regulates GLT-1 mRNA and protein expression in the rat hippocampus: reversal by tianeptine.
cold-restraint stress
(68 times)
Pharmacology
(22 times)
PL (13 times)
EtOH (6 times)
NT (6 times)
1983 The effect of centrally administered neuropeptides on the development of stress-induced gastric ulcers in rats.
child restraint system
(65 times)
Traumatology
(41 times)
ATD (5 times)
FF (4 times)
RF (4 times)
1993 Misuse mode and effects analysis--an approach to predict and quantify misuse of child restraint systems.
clinical risk score
(57 times)
General Surgery
(32 times)
OS (20 times)
CRLM (16 times)
DFS (7 times)
2001 A clinical scoring system predicts the yield of diagnostic laparoscopy in patients with potentially resectable hepatic colorectal metastases.
10  composite reference standard
(50 times)
Communicable Diseases
(10 times)
EPTB (9 times)
TB (8 times)
DST (7 times)
1998 Detection of eIF4E gene amplification in breast cancer by competitive PCR.
11  catheter-related sepsis
(48 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
TPN (7 times)
CVC (4 times)
PN (4 times)
1982 The risk of central venous catheter-related sepsis in patients with surgical infections.
12  colorectal surgery
(38 times)
General Surgery
(23 times)
SSI (6 times)
ERP (4 times)
OR (4 times)
2003 Colonoscopy: why are general surgeons being excluded?
13  Caudal regression syndrome
(34 times)
Obstetrics
(6 times)
CS (2 times)
MMC (2 times)
RA (2 times)
1984 [The clinical variability and genetic heterogeneity of the caudal regression syndrome (CRS)].
14  comprehensive risk score
(27 times)
General Surgery
(16 times)
E-PASS (18 times)
SSS (17 times)
PRS (16 times)
1999 Estimation of Physiologic Ability and Surgical Stress (E-PASS) as a new prediction scoring system for postoperative morbidity and mortality following elective gastrointestinal surgery.
15  coherent Raman scattering
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
CARS (3 times)
SRS (2 times)
MPF (1 time)
2009 Chemical analysis in vivo and in vitro by Raman spectroscopy--from single cells to humans.
16  confocal Raman spectroscopy
(22 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
SC (6 times)
AD (2 times)
OCT (2 times)
2005 Parallel high-resolution confocal Raman SEM analysis of inorganic and organic bone matrix constituents.
17  Civil Registration System
(21 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
SRS (3 times)
MCCD (2 times)
NPR (2 times)
2004 Revitalising the Metropolit 1953 Danish male birth cohort: background, aims and design.
18  Cardiovascular Risk Survey
(18 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
ROC (6 times)
PCR-RFLP (4 times)
SAA (4 times)
2010 Polymorphisms in the SAA1/2 gene are associated with carotid intima media thickness in healthy Han Chinese subjects: the Cardiovascular Risk Survey.
19  cardiorenal metabolic syndrome
(16 times)
Heart Diseases
(10 times)
CKD (2 times)
CVD (2 times)
AACE (1 time)
2011 Possible Mechanisms of Local Tissue Renin-Angiotensin System Activation in the Cardiorenal Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
20  chemotherapy response score
(16 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
HR (5 times)
NACT (5 times)
PFS (5 times)
2015 Chemotherapy Response Score: Development and Validation of a System to Quantify Histopathologic Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Tubo-Ovarian High-Grade Serous Carcinoma.
21  Conners' Rating Scales
(16 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
ADHD (11 times)
CBCL (4 times)
CPRS (3 times)
1994 Selection of patients for management of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in a private practice setting.
22  chronic sinusitis
(15 times)
Otolaryngology
(8 times)
AR (2 times)
AFRS (1 time)
CRSsNP (1 time)
2003 [Expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in allergic fungal rhinosinusitis].
23  Constant Rate of Supply
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
CIC (5 times)
CF (2 times)
TP (2 times)
2006 Apparent discrepancy in contamination history of a sub-tropical estuary evaluated through 210Pb profile and chronostratigraphical markers.
24  cough reflex sensitivity
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
DAN (2 times)
PID (2 times)
PIV3 (2 times)
2006 Changes of cough reflex sensitivity induced by cancer radiotherapy of chest and neck regions.
25  Chemical Reference Substance
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
BSP (4 times)
EDQM (3 times)
IFN (3 times)
2006 Collaborative study for the establishment of replacement batches for somatropin CRS batch 1.
26  complementary resistive switching
(13 times)
Nanotechnology
(8 times)
BRS (3 times)
RRAM (2 times)
RS (2 times)
2011 Capacity based nondestructive readout for complementary resistive switches.
27  cis-acting repressive sequences
(12 times)
Virology
(8 times)
HIV (3 times)
RxRE (3 times)
LTR (2 times)
1991 Identification and characterization of intragenic sequences which repress human immunodeficiency virus structural gene expression.
28  CoreValve Revalving System
(12 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
TAVI (9 times)
PPM (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2008 Procedural and 30-day outcomes following transcatheter aortic valve implantation using the third generation (18 Fr) corevalve revalving system: results from the multicentre, expanded evaluation registry 1-year following CE mark approval.
29  constant returns to scale
(11 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
DEA (7 times)
VRS (7 times)
DMUs (2 times)
2006 Economies of scale in blood banking: a study based on data envelopment analysis.
30  Clinical Rating Scale
(10 times)
Social Sciences
(4 times)
ASI (3 times)
GAF (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
1991 Three-dimensional (3-D) Circumplex Model and revised scoring of FACES III.
31  Cambridge Reference Sequence
(9 times)
Science
(2 times)
mtDNA (4 times)
D-loop (1 time)
mt (1 time)
1996 Genetic diversity in the Iberian Peninsula determined from mitochondrial sequence analysis.
32  cancer-related survival
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
OS (5 times)
DFS (4 times)
CI (2 times)
2008 Tumour budding at invasive margins and outcome in colorectal cancer.
33  cirrhosis risk score
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
CHC (3 times)
HCV (2 times)
LT (2 times)
2007 A 7 gene signature identifies the risk of developing cirrhosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C.
34  cAMP-responsive sequences
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
PKA (2 times)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
Adx (1 time)
1992 Distinct biochemical mechanisms for cAMP-dependent transcription of CYP17 and CYP21.
35  Captopril renal scintigraphy
(8 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(5 times)
RVH (4 times)
RAS (3 times)
CRR (1 time)
1992 Evaluation by captopril renal scintigraphy and echo-Doppler flowmetry of hypertensive patients at high risk for renal artery stenosis.
36  cardiovascular risk score
(8 times)
Primary Health Care
(3 times)
BMI (2 times)
PHPT (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2002 General health screenings to improve cardiovascular risk profiles: a randomized controlled trial in general practice with 5-year follow-up.
37  carisbamate
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
Li-Pilo (3 times)
SE (3 times)
TLE (3 times)
2008 Randomized, controlled, dose-ranging trial of carisbamate for partial-onset seizures.
38  category rating scales
(8 times)
Statistics as Topic
(2 times)
VAS (3 times)
MES (2 times)
CE (1 time)
1997 Subjective perceptual methods for comparing backpacks.
39  cis repression signal
(8 times)
Virology
(7 times)
HCMV (4 times)
MIEP (3 times)
EMSA (1 time)
1991 Human cytomegalovirus ie2 negatively regulates alpha gene expression via a short target sequence near the transcription start site.
40  clinical respiratory score
(8 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
ACS (2 times)
RCE (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
2009 Erythrocytapheresis in children with sickle cell disease and acute chest syndrome.
41  Cochrane Register of Studies
(8 times)
Health Services Research
(8 times)
CI (3 times)
DVT (3 times)
TSC (3 times)
2015 Prosthetic rehabilitation for older dysvascular people following a unilateral transfemoral amputation.
42  Compliance Rating Scale
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
MAQ (2 times)
4-PAS (1 time)
CGIS (1 time)
1999 Clinical rating of compliance in chronic hemodialysis patients.
43  corneal refractive surgery
(8 times)
Optometry
(2 times)
PRK (3 times)
SCL (3 times)
LASIK (2 times)
2010 Permanent grounding of a USAF pilot following photorefractive keratectomy.
44  cutaneous radiation syndrome
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
ARS (3 times)
ICDREC (2 times)
LAN (2 times)
1998 Providing dermatological photographs using the multimedia extension of the international computer database for radiation accident case histories.
45  cytoplasmic retention signal
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
NES (2 times)
NLS (2 times)
apoB (1 time)
1997 Nuclear localization of cyclin B1 mediates its biological activity and is regulated by phosphorylation.
46  carcinoma in the remnant stomach
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
AUC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CRS-B (1 time)
2017 Effects of initial disease status on lymph flow following gastrectomy in cases of carcinoma in the remnant stomach.
47  chromium reducible sulfur
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
AVS (4 times)
ABA (1 time)
AMS (1 time)
2004 Impacts of runoff from sulfuric soils on sediment chemistry in an estuarine lake.
48  Coma Recovery Scale
(7 times)
Rehabilitation
(4 times)
MCS (3 times)
CRS-R (2 times)
CNC (1 time)
1991 Monitoring rate of recovery to predict outcome in minimally responsive patients.
49  Coma Remission Scale
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BI (3 times)
DOC (2 times)
ERI (2 times)
2013 Early cranioplasty may improve outcome in neurological patients with decompressive craniectomy.
50  combined risk score
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CSS (2 times)
AIC (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2014 Combination of expression levels of miR-21 and miR-126 is associated with cancer-specific survival in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma.
51  competitor rule suppression
(6 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
BI (3 times)
RCI (1 time)
2010 Resolving task rule incongruence during task switching by competitor rule suppression.
52  conditional relative survival
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
65-74years (1 time)
LEFT (1 time)
RS (1 time)
2011 Importance of the first postoperative year in the prognosis of elderly colorectal cancer patients.
53  controlled release systems
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
AUCs (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
HPMCAS (1 time)
2005 Use of bentonite and activated carbon in controlled release formulations of carbofuran.
54  conventional risk score
(6 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
GRS (6 times)
CHD (5 times)
MI-GENES (3 times)
2015 Design of a randomized controlled trial of disclosing genomic risk of coronary heart disease: the Myocardial Infarction Genes (MI-GENES) study.
55  corky ringspot disease
(6 times)
TRV (3 times)
DAP (1 time)
EDB (1 time)
1990 Effects of soil fumigants and aldicarb on corky ringspot disease and trichodorid nematodes in potato.
56  craniosynostosis
(6 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
BSID-II (1 time)
CB (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
1994 Six cases of 7p deletion: clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular studies.
57  CRSsNP
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
NP (2 times)
EOG (1 time)
ICOS (1 time)
2012 Differential expression of interleukin-32 in chronic rhinosinusitis with and without nasal polyps.
58  cryptdin-related sequences
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
CCDS (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
CSE.2 (1 time)
1990 A novel mouse gene family coding for cationic, cysteine-rich peptides. Regulation in small intestine and cells of myeloid origin.
59  cage rearing system
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
FRS (4 times)
FCR (1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
2017 Effects of different rearing systems on growth, small intestinal morphology and selected indices of fermentation status in broilers.
60  California red scale
(5 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
MD (2 times)
2007 Effect of pyriproxyfen on developing stages and embryogenesis of California red scale (CRS), Aonidiella aurantii.
61  Cambridge Risk Score
(5 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
IDRS (1 time)
2002 What is the risk of mortality for people who are screen positive in a diabetes screening programme but who do not have diabetes on biochemical testing? Diabetes screening programmes from a public health perspective.
62  cardiac risk score
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CABG (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
FTCA (1 time)
1999 Risk factors of delayed extubation, prolonged length of stay in the intensive care unit, and mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft with fast-track cardiac anesthesia: a new cardiac risk score.
63  cardiometabolic risk score
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2011 Volume, patterns, and types of sedentary behavior and cardio-metabolic health in children and adolescents: a cross-sectional study.
64  Carolina rinse solution
(5 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
CK-BB (1 time)
IPRL (1 time)
KC (1 time)
1995 Dual role of Kupffer cell activation and endothelial cell damage in reperfusion injury to livers stored for transplantation surgery.
65  Catholic Relief Services
(5 times)
Disaster Medicine
(3 times)
CDC (1 time)
ECB (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2002 Getting of the seeds-and-tools treadmill with CRS seed vouchers and fairs.
66  chronic radiation syndrome
(5 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
ARS (1 time)
RBM (1 time)
TRDS (1 time)
2010 Long-term cellular effects in humans chronically exposed to ionizing radiation.
67  cold-rolled steel
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
TEM (2 times)
VPA (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2005 Inhibition of cold rolled steel corrosion by Tween-20 in sulfuric acid: weight loss, electrochemical and AFM approaches.
68  Community Rating System
(5 times)
Statistics as Topic
(3 times)
FEMA (1 time)
NFIP (1 time)
WTP (1 time)
2009 Policy learning for flood mitigation: a longitudinal assessment of the community rating system in Florida.
69  Creditor Reporting System
(5 times)
World Health
(1 time)
ODA (2 times)
DAH (1 time)
DFID (1 time)
2011 A review of global mechanisms for tracking official development assistance for health in countries affected by armed conflict.
70  cumulative risk score
(5 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
IL (3 times)
MMP (2 times)
ABL (1 time)
2011 Use of host- and bacteria-derived salivary markers in detection of periodontitis: a cumulative approach.
71  CAMS Rating Scale
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CAMS (2 times)
E-CAU (2 times)
GCS (1 time)
1996 Neuropsychological performance, disease severity, and depression in progressive supranuclear palsy.
72  cardiorespiratory system
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1993 Effect of endurance physical training on cardio-respiratory system reactive features (mechanisms of training load cumulation influence)
73  Catatonia Rating Scale
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
BFCRS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2000 The catatonia rating scale I--development, reliability, and use.
74  catheter-related septicaemia
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CRIs (1 time)
CVCs (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
1989 Septicemias in cancer patients during parenteral nutrition: contributing factors and detection by weekly blood cultures.
75  cell surface retention sequence
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
c-sis (1 time)
CRS-BPs (1 time)
CRSBP-1 (1 time)
1995 Identification, purification, and characterization of cell-surface retention sequence-binding proteins from human SK-Hep cells and bovine liver plasma membranes.
76  Cervical nerve root stimulation
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ADM (2 times)
APB (2 times)
CMAPs (1 time)
1987 Cervical root stimulation in the diagnosis of radiculopathy.
77  conventional radical surgery
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
DPC (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2007 [Total mesorectal excision versus conventional radical surgery for rectal cancer: a meta analysis].
78  cough receptor sensitivity
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
AHR (1 time)
ECP (1 time)
HS (1 time)
1997 Airway hyperresponsiveness and cough-receptor sensitivity in children with recurrent cough.
79  Craniofacial Repair System
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
FSO (1 time)
2000 Norian craniofacial repair system bone cement for the repair of craniofacial skeletal defects.
80  Because respiratory-system compliance
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
VT (2 times)
ARDS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2015 Driving pressure and survival in the acute respiratory distress syndrome.
81  cancer-related stroke
(3 times)
Radiography, Interventional
(1 time)
CE (1 time)
ERT (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
2016 Dyadic associations between cancer-related stress and fruit and vegetable consumption among colorectal cancer patients and their family caregivers.
82  Caprini risk score
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
VTE (3 times)
DVT (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2016 Incidence of Venous Thromboembolism After Oral Oncologic Surgery With Simultaneous Reconstruction.
83  Caregiver Risk Screen
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
CDSMS (1 time)
ZBI (1 time)
2007 Using mixed methods to evaluate the use of a caregiver strain measure to assess outcomes of a caregiver support program for caregivers of older adults.
84  Carroll rating scales
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
HRS (2 times)
BDI (1 time)
CGRD (1 time)
1981 The Carroll rating scale for depression. I. Development, reliability and validation.
85  caspase recognition site
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
GFP (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
2004 Rescue of influenza virus expressing GFP from the NS1 reading frame.
86  central retinal sensitivity
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
CRT (2 times)
BCVA (1 time)
BRVO (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of ranibizumab-induced changes in high-resolution optical coherence tomographic retinal morphology and their impact on visual function.
87  Chinese restaurant syndrome
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
MSG (1 time)
1976 Possible significance of adverse reactions to glutamate in humans.
88  chronic radiation sickness
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ARS (1 time)
JCCRER (1 time)
PPn (1 time)
1992 [Chronic radiation sickness in man caused by long-term gamma rays].
89  Chronic recurrent sinusitis
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
aPDT (3 times)
MRSA (1 time)
1995 The endoscopic endonasal surgical technique in the treatment of chronic recurring sinusitis in children.
90  chronic rhinitis and rhinosinusitis
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AHI (1 time)
AR (1 time)
ASTHMA (1 time)
2010 Increased oral nitric oxide in obstructive sleep apnoea.
91  chronic RS
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
RS (3 times)
ARS (2 times)
AECRS (1 time)
2011 Rhinosinusitis diagnosis and management for the clinician: a synopsis of recent consensus guidelines.
92  circadian regulatory sequence
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
CYC (2 times)
dCLK (2 times)
per (2 times)
1999 The 69 bp circadian regulatory sequence (CRS) mediates per-like developmental, spatial, and circadian expression and behavioral rescue in Drosophila.
93  classroom response systems
(3 times)
Education
(2 times)
--- 2006 Evaluating the impact of a classroom response system in a microbiology course.
94  closely related SIC
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
DRS (3 times)
AGN (1 time)
ESRF (1 time)
1999 Streptococcus pyogenes strains containing emm12 and emm55 possess a novel gene coding for distantly related SIC protein.
95  cluster random sampling
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
ASTRA (1 time)
LQAS (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2002 A nomogram for single-stage cluster-sample surveys in a community for estimation of a prevalence rate.
96  Cognitive Reserve Scale
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 2007 Cognitive reserve and neuropsychological functioning in patients infected with hepatitis C.
97  coherent Rayleigh scattering
(3 times)
Optics and Photonics
(3 times)
CRBS (1 time)
2002 Temperature measurements by coherent Rayleigh scattering.
98  complete Rockall score
(3 times)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
AUC (3 times)
GBS (3 times)
PRS (3 times)
2013 A prospective comparison of 3 scoring systems in upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
99  Compression Released Stabilized
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
TH (1 time)
2011 Prosthetic sockets stabilized by alternating areas of tissue compression and release.
100  computer reminder system
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
QPV (1 time)
2007 The effect of computer reminders on GPs' prescribing behaviour: a cluster-randomised trial.