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Abbreviation: CRS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
chronic rhinosinusitis
(3201 times)
Otolaryngology
(1895 times)
ESS (392 times)
CT (256 times)
CRSwNP (251 times)
1993 Neutrophil chemotactic activity (NCA) in nasal secretions from atopic and nonatopic subjects. Effect of antigen challenge.
cytoreductive surgery
(1344 times)
Neoplasms
(771 times)
HIPEC (1056 times)
PCI (218 times)
OS (216 times)
2003 [Cytoreductive surgery of liver metastasis from colorectal cancer: principles of intra-arterial regional chemotherapy].
cytokine release syndrome
(749 times)
Neoplasms
(183 times)
CAR (239 times)
CAR-T (116 times)
CR (71 times)
1994 The effects of oral pentoxifylline on the cytokine release syndrome during inductive OKT3.
congenital rubella syndrome
(415 times)
Communicable Diseases
(95 times)
WHO (38 times)
RCV (30 times)
RV (26 times)
1976 Rubella 1974 and its aftermath, congenital rubella syndrome.
cardiorenal syndrome
(334 times)
Cardiology
(68 times)
CKD (52 times)
AKI (42 times)
HF (28 times)
2007 Cardiorenal syndrome at different stages of chronic kidney disease.
chronic restraint stress
(264 times)
Neurology
(68 times)
BDNF (29 times)
FST (26 times)
PFC (17 times)
2004 Chronic restraint stress up-regulates GLT-1 mRNA and protein expression in the rat hippocampus: reversal by tianeptine.
composite reference standard
(96 times)
Medicine
(21 times)
TB (17 times)
EPTB (13 times)
CI (9 times)
1998 Detection of eIF4E gene amplification in breast cancer by competitive PCR.
child restraint system
(90 times)
Traumatology
(57 times)
ATD (7 times)
FF (5 times)
MVC (4 times)
1993 Misuse mode and effects analysis--an approach to predict and quantify misuse of child restraint systems.
clinical risk score
(78 times)
General Surgery
(41 times)
OS (29 times)
CRLM (23 times)
RFS (10 times)
2001 A clinical scoring system predicts the yield of diagnostic laparoscopy in patients with potentially resectable hepatic colorectal metastases.
10  cold-restraint stress
(70 times)
Pharmacology
(21 times)
PL (12 times)
EtOH (6 times)
NO (6 times)
1983 The effect of centrally administered neuropeptides on the development of stress-induced gastric ulcers in rats.
11  colorectal surgery
(59 times)
General Surgery
(35 times)
SSI (10 times)
OR (5 times)
ERP (4 times)
2003 Colonoscopy: why are general surgeons being excluded?
12  catheter-related sepsis
(49 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
TPN (7 times)
PN (5 times)
CVC (4 times)
1982 The risk of central venous catheter-related sepsis in patients with surgical infections.
13  Caudal regression syndrome
(40 times)
Obstetrics
(7 times)
CS (2 times)
MMC (2 times)
RA (2 times)
1984 [The clinical variability and genetic heterogeneity of the caudal regression syndrome (CRS)].
14  confocal Raman spectroscopy
(40 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
SC (12 times)
PG (5 times)
AD (3 times)
2006 Parallel high-resolution confocal Raman SEM analysis of inorganic and organic bone matrix constituents.
15  comprehensive risk score
(36 times)
General Surgery
(17 times)
E-PASS (25 times)
SSS (21 times)
PRS (20 times)
1999 Estimation of Physiologic Ability and Surgical Stress (E-PASS) as a new prediction scoring system for postoperative morbidity and mortality following elective gastrointestinal surgery.
16  chemotherapy response score
(35 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
NACT (14 times)
PFS (12 times)
HGSC (10 times)
2015 Chemotherapy Response Score: Development and Validation of a System to Quantify Histopathologic Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Tubo-Ovarian High-Grade Serous Carcinoma.
17  coherent Raman scattering
(30 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
CARS (5 times)
SRS (4 times)
SERS (2 times)
2009 Chemical analysis in vivo and in vitro by Raman spectroscopy--from single cells to humans.
18  Civil Registration System
(25 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
SRS (5 times)
MCCD (2 times)
NPR (2 times)
2004 Revitalising the Metropolit 1953 Danish male birth cohort: background, aims and design.
19  Conners' Rating Scales
(24 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
ADHD (13 times)
CBCL (4 times)
CPRS (4 times)
1994 Selection of patients for management of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in a private practice setting.
20  Constant Rate of Supply
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
CIC (5 times)
CF (3 times)
SAR (2 times)
2005 Apparent discrepancy in contamination history of a sub-tropical estuary evaluated through 210Pb profile and chronostratigraphical markers.
21  chronic sinusitis
(19 times)
Otolaryngology
(10 times)
AR (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
AFRS (1 time)
2004 [Expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in allergic fungal rhinosinusitis].
22  complementary resistive switching
(19 times)
Nanotechnology
(10 times)
BRS (6 times)
RRAM (3 times)
RS (2 times)
2011 Capacity based nondestructive readout for complementary resistive switches.
23  Cardiovascular Risk Survey
(18 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
ROC (6 times)
PCR-RFLP (4 times)
SAA (4 times)
2010 Polymorphisms in the SAA1/2 gene are associated with carotid intima media thickness in healthy Han Chinese subjects: the Cardiovascular Risk Survey.
24  cardiorenal metabolic syndrome
(16 times)
Heart Diseases
(10 times)
CKD (2 times)
CVD (2 times)
AACE (1 time)
2011 Cardiac insulin resistance and microRNA modulators.
25  constant returns to scale
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
VRS (12 times)
DEA (11 times)
DHs (2 times)
2006 Economies of scale in blood banking: a study based on data envelopment analysis.
26  cough reflex sensitivity
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
DAN (2 times)
PID (2 times)
PIV3 (2 times)
2006 Changes of cough reflex sensitivity induced by cancer radiotherapy of chest and neck regions.
27  Chemical Reference Substance
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
BSP (5 times)
EDQM (3 times)
IFN (3 times)
2007 Collaborative study for the establishment of replacement batches for somatropin CRS batch 1.
28  clinical respiratory score
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
ADG (3 times)
BRD (3 times)
ACS (2 times)
2009 Erythrocytapheresis in children with sickle cell disease and acute chest syndrome.
29  conditional relative survival
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
COS (2 times)
CRFS (2 times)
65-74years (1 time)
2011 Importance of the first postoperative year in the prognosis of elderly colorectal cancer patients.
30  cis-acting repressive sequences
(12 times)
Virology
(8 times)
HIV (3 times)
RxRE (3 times)
LTR (2 times)
1991 Identification and characterization of intragenic sequences which repress human immunodeficiency virus structural gene expression.
31  CoreValve Revalving System
(12 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
TAVI (9 times)
PPM (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2008 Procedural and 30-day outcomes following transcatheter aortic valve implantation using the third generation (18 Fr) corevalve revalving system: results from the multicentre, expanded evaluation registry 1-year following CE mark approval.
32  corneal refractive surgery
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
PRK (4 times)
SCL (3 times)
IOL (2 times)
2010 Permanent grounding of a USAF pilot following photorefractive keratectomy.
33  cancer-related survival
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
OS (5 times)
DFS (4 times)
CI (2 times)
2007 Tumour budding at invasive margins and outcome in colorectal cancer.
34  cirrhosis risk score
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
CHC (3 times)
HCV (2 times)
LT (2 times)
2007 A 7 gene signature identifies the risk of developing cirrhosis in patients with chronic hepatitis C.
35  Cochrane Register of Studies
(10 times)
Health Services Research
(10 times)
CI (4 times)
DVT (3 times)
TSC (3 times)
2015 Prosthetic rehabilitation for older dysvascular people following a unilateral transfemoral amputation.
36  Cambridge Reference Sequence
(9 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
mtDNA (4 times)
D-loop (1 time)
mt (1 time)
1996 Genetic diversity in the Iberian Peninsula determined from mitochondrial sequence analysis.
37  cardiovascular risk score
(9 times)
Primary Health Care
(3 times)
BMI (2 times)
PHPT (2 times)
AI (1 time)
2002 General health screenings to improve cardiovascular risk profiles: a randomized controlled trial in general practice with 5-year follow-up.
38  cis repression signal
(9 times)
Virology
(7 times)
HCMV (4 times)
MIEP (3 times)
EMSA (1 time)
1991 Human cytomegalovirus ie2 negatively regulates alpha gene expression via a short target sequence near the transcription start site.
39  Clinical Rating Scale
(9 times)
Social Sciences
(4 times)
ASI (3 times)
GAF (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
1991 Three-dimensional (3-D) Circumplex Model and revised scoring of FACES III.
40  combined risk score
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CSS (2 times)
AIC (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2014 Combination of expression levels of miR-21 and miR-126 is associated with cancer-specific survival in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma.
41  Compliance Rating Scale
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
MAQ (3 times)
4-PAS (1 time)
BD (1 time)
1999 Clinical rating of compliance in chronic hemodialysis patients.
42  Creditor Reporting System
(9 times)
World Health
(3 times)
ODA (3 times)
DAH (2 times)
LMICs (2 times)
2010 A review of global mechanisms for tracking official development assistance for health in countries affected by armed conflict.
43  cAMP-responsive sequences
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
PKA (2 times)
3beta-HSD (1 time)
Adx (1 time)
1992 Distinct biochemical mechanisms for cAMP-dependent transcription of CYP17 and CYP21.
44  Captopril renal scintigraphy
(8 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(5 times)
RVH (4 times)
RAS (3 times)
CRR (1 time)
1992 Evaluation by captopril renal scintigraphy and echo-Doppler flowmetry of hypertensive patients at high risk for renal artery stenosis.
45  carcinoma in the remnant stomach
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
AUC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CRS-B (1 time)
2016 Effects of initial disease status on lymph flow following gastrectomy in cases of carcinoma in the remnant stomach.
46  carisbamate
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
Li-Pilo (3 times)
SE (3 times)
TLE (3 times)
2008 Randomized, controlled, dose-ranging trial of carisbamate for partial-onset seizures.
47  category rating scales
(8 times)
Statistics as Topic
(2 times)
VAS (3 times)
MES (2 times)
CE (1 time)
1997 Subjective perceptual methods for comparing backpacks.
48  chromium reducible sulfur
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
AVS (5 times)
ABA (1 time)
AMS (1 time)
2004 Impacts of runoff from sulfuric soils on sediment chemistry in an estuarine lake.
49  clozapine-resistant schizophrenia
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
CI (2 times)
PANSS (2 times)
AE (1 time)
2018 ECT augmentation of clozapine for clozapine-resistant schizophrenia: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
50  cutaneous radiation syndrome
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
ARS (3 times)
ICDREC (2 times)
LAN (2 times)
1998 Providing dermatological photographs using the multimedia extension of the international computer database for radiation accident case histories.
51  cytoplasmic retention signal
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
NES (2 times)
NLS (2 times)
apoB (1 time)
1997 Nuclear localization of cyclin B1 mediates its biological activity and is regulated by phosphorylation.
52  Coma Recovery Scale
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
MCS (3 times)
CRS-R (2 times)
CNC (1 time)
1991 Monitoring rate of recovery to predict outcome in minimally responsive patients.
53  controlled release systems
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
AUCs (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
HPMCAS (1 time)
2005 Use of bentonite and activated carbon in controlled release formulations of carbofuran.
54  craniosynostosis
(7 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
BSID-II (1 time)
CB (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
1994 Six cases of 7p deletion: clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular studies.
55  cage rearing system
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
FRS (4 times)
FCR (1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
2016 Effects of different rearing systems on growth, small intestinal morphology and selected indices of fermentation status in broilers.
56  Cambridge Risk Score
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
IDRS (1 time)
2003 What is the risk of mortality for people who are screen positive in a diabetes screening programme but who do not have diabetes on biochemical testing? Diabetes screening programmes from a public health perspective.
57  cardiac risk scores
(6 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
CABG (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
CTRCD (1 time)
1999 Risk factors of delayed extubation, prolonged length of stay in the intensive care unit, and mortality in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft with fast-track cardiac anesthesia: a new cardiac risk score.
58  cardiometabolic risk score
(6 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
2011 Volume, patterns, and types of sedentary behavior and cardio-metabolic health in children and adolescents: a cross-sectional study.
59  central retinal sensitivity
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BCVA (3 times)
CRT (2 times)
MP (2 times)
2009 Evaluation of ranibizumab-induced changes in high-resolution optical coherence tomographic retinal morphology and their impact on visual function.
60  chronic radiation syndrome
(6 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
ARS (1 time)
RBM (1 time)
TRDS (1 time)
2010 Long-term cellular effects in humans chronically exposed to ionizing radiation.
61  cold-rolled steel
(6 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
TEM (2 times)
VPA (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2005 Inhibition of cold rolled steel corrosion by Tween-20 in sulfuric acid: weight loss, electrochemical and AFM approaches.
62  Coma Remission Scale
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BI (3 times)
DOC (2 times)
ERI (2 times)
2013 Early cranioplasty may improve outcome in neurological patients with decompressive craniectomy.
63  competitor rule suppression
(6 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
BI (3 times)
RCI (1 time)
2010 Resolving task rule incongruence during task switching by competitor rule suppression.
64  conventional risk score
(6 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
GRS (6 times)
CHD (5 times)
MI-GENES (3 times)
2015 Disclosing genetic risk for coronary heart disease: effects on perceived personal control and genetic counseling satisfaction.
65  corky ringspot disease
(6 times)
TRV (3 times)
DAP (1 time)
EDB (1 time)
1990 Effects of soil fumigants and aldicarb on corky ringspot disease and trichodorid nematodes in potato.
66  Cross River State
(6 times)
World Health
(1 time)
FTMs (1 time)
FTPs (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2013 Challenges faced by key informants practicing case finding for vision loss in children: the experience in Cross River State, Nigeria.
67  CRSsNP
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
NP (2 times)
EOG (1 time)
ICOS (1 time)
2011 Differential expression of interleukin-32 in chronic rhinosinusitis with and without nasal polyps.
68  cryptdin-related sequences
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
CCDS (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
CSE.2 (1 time)
1990 A novel mouse gene family coding for cationic, cysteine-rich peptides. Regulation in small intestine and cells of myeloid origin.
69  cumulative risk score
(6 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
IL (3 times)
MMP (2 times)
ABL (1 time)
2011 Use of host- and bacteria-derived salivary markers in detection of periodontitis: a cumulative approach.
70  California red scale
(5 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
MD (2 times)
2007 Effect of pyriproxyfen on developing stages and embryogenesis of California red scale (CRS), Aonidiella aurantii.
71  cancer-related stroke
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MT (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2015 Dyadic associations between cancer-related stress and fruit and vegetable consumption among colorectal cancer patients and their family caregivers.
72  cardiorespiratory system
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AFMS (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
FMS (1 time)
1993 Effect of endurance physical training on cardio-respiratory system reactive features (mechanisms of training load cumulation influence)
73  Carolina rinse solution
(5 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
CK-BB (1 time)
IPRL (1 time)
KC (1 time)
1995 Dual role of Kupffer cell activation and endothelial cell damage in reperfusion injury to livers stored for transplantation surgery.
74  Catholic Relief Services
(5 times)
Disaster Medicine
(3 times)
CDC (1 time)
ECB (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2003 Getting of the seeds-and-tools treadmill with CRS seed vouchers and fairs.
75  Community Rating System
(5 times)
Statistics as Topic
(3 times)
FEMA (1 time)
NFIP (1 time)
WTP (1 time)
2009 Policy learning for flood mitigation: a longitudinal assessment of the community rating system in Florida.
76  complete Rockall score
(5 times)
Acute Disease
(1 time)
GBS (5 times)
AUC (4 times)
UGIB (4 times)
2013 A prospective comparison of 3 scoring systems in upper gastrointestinal bleeding.
77  coordinated resetting stimulation
(5 times)
Brain
(1 time)
DBS (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
AUD (1 time)
2015 Improving desynchronization of Parkinsonian neuronal network via triplet-structure coordinated reset stimulation.
78  Caprini risk score
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
VTE (3 times)
DVT (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2015 Incidence of Venous Thromboembolism After Oral Oncologic Surgery With Simultaneous Reconstruction.
79  Caregiver Risk Screen
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
CDSMS (1 time)
CQOLC (1 time)
DT (1 time)
2006 Using mixed methods to evaluate the use of a caregiver strain measure to assess outcomes of a caregiver support program for caregivers of older adults.
80  Catatonia Rating Scale
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
BFCRS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2000 The catatonia rating scale I--development, reliability, and use.
81  catheter-related septicaemia
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CRIs (1 time)
CVCs (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
1989 Septicemias in cancer patients during parenteral nutrition: contributing factors and detection by weekly blood cultures.
82  cell surface retention sequence
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
c-sis (1 time)
CRS-BPs (1 time)
CRSBP-1 (1 time)
1995 Identification, purification, and characterization of cell-surface retention sequence-binding proteins from human SK-Hep cells and bovine liver plasma membranes.
83  Cervical nerve root stimulation
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ADM (2 times)
APB (2 times)
CMAPs (1 time)
1987 Cervical root stimulation in the diagnosis of radiculopathy.
84  changes in respiratory system compliance
(4 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
VT (2 times)
ARDS (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2015 Driving pressure and survival in the acute respiratory distress syndrome.
85  classroom response systems
(4 times)
Education
(2 times)
F-CRS (1 time)
FC (1 time)
TBL (1 time)
2006 Evaluating the impact of a classroom response system in a microbiology course.
86  Cogan-Reese syndrome
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
CS (3 times)
ICE (3 times)
PIA (2 times)
2000 Iridocorneal endothelial syndrome in Thai patients: clinical variations.
87  Compression Released Stabilized
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
TH (1 time)
2011 Prosthetic sockets stabilized by alternating areas of tissue compression and release.
88  conventional radical surgery
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
DPC (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2007 [Total mesorectal excision versus conventional radical surgery for rectal cancer: a meta analysis].
89  conventional running shoes
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
MFW (2 times)
MRS (2 times)
RE (1 time)
2013 A 4-week instructed minimalist running transition and gait-retraining changes plantar pressure and force.
90  cough receptor sensitivity
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
AHR (1 time)
ECP (1 time)
HS (1 time)
1997 Airway hyperresponsiveness and cough-receptor sensitivity in children with recurrent cough.
91  Craniofacial Repair System
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
FSO (1 time)
2000 Norian craniofacial repair system bone cement for the repair of craniofacial skeletal defects.
92  calf-raise senior
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
10MWT (1 time)
6MWT (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
2016 Calf-raise senior: a new test for assessment of plantar flexor muscle strength in older adults: protocol, validity, and reliability.
93  Caregiver Reaction Scale
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
SSCS (1 time)
SWB (1 time)
2017 Feasibility and effectiveness of a telephone-based social support intervention for informal caregivers of people with dementia: Study protocol of the TALKING TIME project.
94  Carroll rating scale
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
HRS (2 times)
BDI (1 time)
CGRD (1 time)
1981 The Carroll rating scale for depression. I. Development, reliability and validation.
95  Case Reporting System
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
ACBM (1 time)
CHC (1 time)
GDP (1 time)
1991 Mesothelioma among employees with likely contact with in-place asbestos-containing building materials.
96  Centrality of Religiosity Scale
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
DUREL (1 time)
IRMS (1 time)
MHLC (1 time)
2021 Comparison of religiosity and spirituality in patients of depression with and without suicidal attempts.
97  cherry red spot
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BCVA (1 time)
CRAO (1 time)
HBOT (1 time)
2013 A co-occurrence of familial isolated cherry red spot and multiple lens opacities.
98  Chinese restaurant syndrome
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
MSG (1 time)
1976 Possible significance of adverse reactions to glutamate in humans.
99  chronic radiation sickness
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ARS (1 time)
JCCRER (1 time)
PPn (1 time)
1992 [Chronic radiation sickness in man caused by long-term gamma rays].
100  Chronic recurrent sinusitis
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
aPDT (3 times)
MRSA (1 time)
1995 The endoscopic endonasal surgical technique in the treatment of chronic recurring sinusitis in children.