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Abbreviation: CSC
Appearance Frequency: 4521 time(s)
Long forms: 374

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cancer stem cell
(2191 times)
Neoplasms
(1004 times)
EMT (300 times)
HCC (111 times)
CRC (88 times)
2004 Identification of human brain tumour initiating cells.
central serous chorioretinopathy
(708 times)
Ophthalmology
(518 times)
OCT (124 times)
PDT (115 times)
BCVA (114 times)
1982 Central serous choroidopathy with exudative retinal detachment.
cigarette smoke condensate
(319 times)
Toxicology
(65 times)
CS (17 times)
AhR (13 times)
COPD (11 times)
1973 In vitro transformation assay of major fractions of cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) in mammalian cell lines.
cancer stem-like cells
(177 times)
Neoplasms
(128 times)
EMT (27 times)
NSCLC (10 times)
HNSCC (7 times)
2006 Neurospheres enriched in cancer stem-like cells are highly effective in eliciting a dendritic cell-mediated immune response against malignant gliomas.
comprehensive stroke center
(77 times)
Neurology
(28 times)
PSC (26 times)
AIS (14 times)
LVO (14 times)
2007 The main components of stroke unit care: results of a European expert survey.
8-(3-chlorostyryl)caffeine
(60 times)
Pharmacology
(16 times)
DPCPX (15 times)
NECA (7 times)
PD (6 times)
1993 8-(3-Chlorostyryl)caffeine (CSC) is a selective A2-adenosine antagonist in vitro and in vivo.
cryogen spray cooling
(57 times)
General Surgery
(31 times)
PWS (7 times)
PDL (4 times)
PWSs (2 times)
1997 Cryogen spray cooling during Nd:YAG laser treatment of hemangiomas. A preliminary animal model study.
cardiac stem cell
(47 times)
Cardiology
(16 times)
MI (5 times)
AMI (4 times)
MSC (4 times)
2004 Cardiac stem cell and myocyte aging, heart failure, and insulin-like growth factor-1 overexpression.
chondroitin sulfate C
(32 times)
Biotechnology
(7 times)
CSA (11 times)
GAGs (10 times)
HA (5 times)
1996 Purification and properties of a novel glycosaminoglycan depolymerase from Streptococcus intermedius strain UNS 35.
10  cataract surgical coverage
(29 times)
Ophthalmology
(16 times)
RAAB (7 times)
VA (7 times)
CI (4 times)
1998 CATARACT SURGICAL COVERAGE: An indicator to measure the impact of cataract intervention programmes.
11  chronic subordinate colony housing
(27 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
GC (6 times)
PTSD (5 times)
SHC (5 times)
2008 Early life stress enhances the vulnerability to chronic psychosocial stress and experimental colitis in adult mice.
12  cellulose synthase complex
(26 times)
Botany
(11 times)
CESA (11 times)
TEM (2 times)
AtCesA3 (1 time)
2008 The roles of the cytoskeleton during cellulose deposition at the secondary cell wall.
13  Correctional Service of Canada
(26 times)
Public Health
(17 times)
CBT/RNR (1 time)
CCC (1 time)
DV (1 time)
1987 Prison health services: a utilization study.
14  calcium sulfate cement
(25 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
COS (2 times)
CPC (2 times)
CPSC (2 times)
2005 Biomechanical evaluation of kyphoplasty with calcium sulfate cement in a cadaveric osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture model.
15  clinically significant change
(25 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
RCI (4 times)
mpMRI (3 times)
MRI (2 times)
1987 Cuff-occluded rate of rise of peripheral venous pressure: a new, highly sensitive technique for monitoring blood volume status during hemorrhage and resuscitation.
16  charge storage capacity
(24 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
EIS (6 times)
CV (5 times)
CIL (3 times)
2010 In vivo electrochemical characterization and inflammatory response of multiwalled carbon nanotube-based electrodes in rat hippocampus.
17  cervical spinal cord
(19 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
DTI (7 times)
FA (6 times)
GM (4 times)
2008 Unmasking of presynaptic and postsynaptic high-frequency oscillations in epidural cervical somatosensory evoked potentials during voluntary movement.
18  cottonseed cake
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
BW (3 times)
CP (3 times)
DM (3 times)
1989 Effect of varying levels of oyster shell on serum constituents and erythrocyte indices in growing chicken fed gossypol-containing Nigerian cottonseed cake.
19  calf skin collagen
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
AA (3 times)
SEM (2 times)
2-DG (1 time)
1983 Arachidonic acid and stable analogue of prostaglandin endoperoxides (U46619) induce platelet spreading and thrombi-like aggregate formation on a collagen substrate. Effect of fluid dynamics.
20  coordinated specialty care
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
FEP (2 times)
FAMES (1 time)
GAF (1 time)
2018 Transforming the Treatment of Schizophrenia in the United States: The RAISE Initiative.
21  cross-sectional compliance
(11 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
CSD (6 times)
IMT (6 times)
CCA (5 times)
2000 [Cardiovascular impact of end-stage renal insufficiency in children undergoing hemodialysis].
22  CS condensate
(11 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CS (11 times)
COPD (2 times)
SP (2 times)
2009 Bronchial airway epithelial cell damage following exposure to cigarette smoke includes disassembly of tight junction components mediated by the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 pathway.
23  cancer stem cell-like
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
EMT (5 times)
CRC (2 times)
NSCLC (2 times)
2014 How prostate-specific membrane antigen level may be correlated with stemness in prostate cancer stem cell-like cell populations?
24  cervical sympathetic chain
(10 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
CBT (3 times)
CCG (1 time)
ELN (1 time)
1988 Schwannoma of the cervical sympathetic chain.
25  convolutional sparse coding
(10 times)
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
(2 times)
ADMMs (1 time)
CDL (1 time)
CSAE (1 time)
2014 Classification of Histology Sections via Multispectral Convolutional Sparse Coding.
26  cysteine synthase complex
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
SAT (7 times)
OASTL (3 times)
OAS (2 times)
2006 Functional analysis of the cysteine synthase protein complex from plants: structural, biochemical and regulatory properties.
27  calcium silicate-based cement
(8 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
MTA (6 times)
CEM (1 time)
CHX (1 time)
2016 Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of calcium silicate-based cements on an osteoblast lineage.
28  cargo-selective complex
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
SNX (3 times)
AD (1 time)
BAR (1 time)
2012 Multiple repeat elements within the FAM21 tail link the WASH actin regulatory complex to the retromer.
29  chronic subordinate colony
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
SHC (3 times)
CPP (2 times)
DSS (2 times)
2008 Aggravation of DSS-induced colitis after chronic subordinate colony (CSC) housing is partially mediated by adrenal mechanisms.
30  community services card
(8 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
ATC (1 time)
DHBs (1 time)
GPs (1 time)
1996 Differences between prescribed and dispensed medications.
31  cell surface capturing
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ADCA (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
LDAs (1 time)
2009 Mass-spectrometric identification and relative quantification of N-linked cell surface glycoproteins.
32  cognitive self-consciousness
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
OCD (5 times)
DRS-2 (1 time)
I/P (1 time)
2003 Too much thinking about thinking?: Metacognitive differences in obsessive-compulsive disorder.
33  collaborative stepped care
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
CAU (4 times)
BAI (2 times)
GAD (2 times)
2009 Collaborative stepped care for anxiety disorders in primary care: aims and design of a randomized controlled trial.
34  cardiac stem/progenitor cell
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AMI (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
epCSCs (1 time)
2011 Chemopreventive effect of PSP through targeting of prostate cancer stem cell-like population.
35  CCM signaling complex
(6 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
CCMs (3 times)
CCM1 (2 times)
PTB (2 times)
2017 Novel functions of CCM1 delimit the relationship of PTB/PH domains.
36  cell surface capture
(6 times)
Science
(2 times)
CSPA (1 time)
FASP (1 time)
FCM (1 time)
2008 Immunophenotyping without antibodies. New perspectives for lymphoma characterization.
37  cell suspension culture
(6 times)
Science
(2 times)
CE (3 times)
CF (3 times)
CW (2 times)
2016 Establishment and characterization of a Satureja khuzistanica Jamzad (Lamiaceae) cell suspension culture: a new in vitro source of rosmarinic acid.
38  China Scholarship Council
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
ALSWH (1 time)
BSO (1 time)
cAMP (1 time)
2016 Extending prematuration with cAMP modulators enhances the cumulus contribution to oocyte antioxidant defence and oocyte quality via gap junctions.
39  circulating stem cells
(6 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
ABSCT (4 times)
ALL (2 times)
CML (1 time)
1988 Collection of circulating stem cells and their use for autograft in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
40  coconut shell carbon
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AI (1 time)
BDS (1 time)
CAC (1 time)
2004 Cr(VI) removal from synthetic wastewater using coconut shell charcoal and commercial activated carbon modified with oxidizing agents and/or chitosan.
41  commercial starter culture
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
CSC-SM (1 time)
LAB (1 time)
NSC (1 time)
2014 Behavior of Staphylococcus aureus in culture broth, in raw and thermized milk, and during processing and storage of traditional Greek Graviera cheese in the presence or absence of Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris M104, a wild, novel nisin A-producing raw milk isolate.
42  Community Score Card
(6 times)
Health Services Research
(3 times)
BSC (1 time)
CQI (1 time)
DiD (1 time)
2015 Enhancing governance and health system accountability for people centered healthcare: an exploratory study of community scorecards in Afghanistan.
43  core-shell-corona
(6 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
ATRP (1 time)
CWC (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
2006 Morphologies of multicompartment micelles formed by triblock copolymers.
44  critical salt concentration
(6 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
ASAXS (1 time)
CPC (1 time)
DDR (1 time)
2002 A spectroscopic study of the fluorescence quenching interactions between biomedically important salts and the fluorescent probe merocyanine 540.
45  critical stabilization concentration
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CMC (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
CBZ-SAC (1 time)
1998 Anomalous Colloidal Stability of Latex-Protein Systems.
46  carotid siphon calcifications
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
CIMT (2 times)
CT (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2017 Inverse relationship between the body mass index and severity of carotid siphon calcifications (another obesity paradox): Results from the Atahualpa Project.
47  cervical squamous carcinoma
(5 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
APTWI (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1999 Diagnosis and treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3: a registry-based study in the Romagna region of Italy (1986-1993).
48  crisis standards of care
(5 times)
Healthcare Disparities
(1 time)
CARES (1 time)
IOM (1 time)
OHCA (1 time)
2020 Allocation of Scarce Resources in a Pandemic: A Systematic Review of US State Crisis Standards of Care Documents.
49  cancer stem cell markers
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
EMT (2 times)
DCLK1 (1 time)
FLV (1 time)
2013 Fluvastatin interferes with hepatitis C virus replication via microtubule bundling and a doublecortin-like kinase-mediated mechanism.
50  cerebellar slice culture
(4 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
EGFP (1 time)
Fpp (1 time)
2009 Simvastatin induces cell death in a mouse cerebellar slice culture (CSC) model of developmental myelination.
51  Chinese Society of Cardiology
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
COVID-19 (1 time)
NSTE-ACS (1 time)
PCI (1 time)
2017 Invasive Management Strategies and Antithrombotic Treatments in Patients With Non-ST-Segment-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome in China: Findings From the Improving CCC Project (Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China).
52  community social capital
(4 times)
Health Services
(3 times)
PSCI (2 times)
GPs (1 time)
ISC (1 time)
2008 Community-level social capital and recurrence of acute coronary syndrome.
53  controlled semantic cognition
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
DYS (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2017 The neural and computational bases of semantic cognition.
54  corrected serum calcium
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HCM (3 times)
CrCl (1 time)
ONJ (1 time)
2001 Zoledronic acid is superior to pamidronate in the treatment of hypercalcemia of malignancy: a pooled analysis of two randomized, controlled clinical trials.
55  cytokine-secreting cell
(4 times)
Virology
(2 times)
HRV (2 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
PID (2 times)
2005 Use of ELISPOT and ELISA to evaluate IFN-gamma, IL-10 and IL-4 responses in conventional pigs.
56  calcium silicate cement with fluoride
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
DTS (1 time)
MTA (1 time)
nano (1 time)
2016 Physicochemical properties of calcium silicate cements associated with microparticulate and nanoparticulate radiopacifiers.
57  cancer SC
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ATRA (2 times)
CRC (2 times)
SC (2 times)
2018 Overexpression of HOXA4 and HOXA9 genes promotes self-renewal and contributes to colon cancer stem cell overpopulation.
58  Cancer Support Community
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CSS (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2013 Evaluation of question-listing at the Cancer Support Community.
59  Care Sport Connectors
(3 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
PA (2 times)
2016 The connection between the primary care and the physical activity sector: professionals' perceptions.
60  caruncular stromal cells
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
CE (1 time)
COX (1 time)
IFNtau (1 time)
1999 Immunolocalization of progesterone receptors in bovine placentomes throughout mid and late gestation and at parturition.
61  cell surface complex
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
fMLP (1 time)
NEM (1 time)
PMN (1 time)
1985 Mild proteolytic digestion restores exocytotic activity to N-ethylmaleimide-inactivated cell surface complex from sea urchin eggs.
62  cognitive spare capacity
(3 times)
Neurobiology
(1 time)
WMC (2 times)
CSCT (1 time)
RST (1 time)
2013 Seeing the talker's face supports executive processing of speech in steady state noise.
63  coil satellite centrifuge
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
alpha-L-Fuc (1 time)
CCW (1 time)
Cel (1 time)
2015 Design of a coil satellite centrifuge and its performance on counter-current chromatographic separation of 4-methylumbelliferyl sugar derivatives with polar organic-aqueous two-phase solvent systems.
64  colony-stimulating cells
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
CSF (2 times)
GM-CFC (2 times)
CFC (1 time)
1977 Cell-free granulocyte colony inhibiting activity derived from human polymorphonuclear neutrophils.
65  community stress centers
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ASR (1 time)
CME (1 time)
IDF (1 time)
2010 [The treatment of anxiety and acute stress reaction (ASR) in civilian casualties in community stress centers (CSC) in the 2nd Lebanon War].
66  Congsheng Capsule
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
BDNF (1 time)
MBN (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2001 [Experimental study on effect of congsheng capsule on expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor and tyrosinkinase mRNA in forebrain of rats after cortical devascularization].
67  constant speed control
(3 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
SLC (3 times)
VADs (2 times)
ASLC (1 time)
2017 Preload-based Starling-like control of rotary blood pumps: An in-vitro evaluation.
68  corkscrew claw
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AT (1 time)
DE (1 time)
GEBV (1 time)
2013 Genetic analyses of claw health in Norwegian Red cows.
69  corticosubcortical
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
aHT (1 time)
CAA (1 time)
CMBs (1 time)
2007 Cortico-subcortical distribution of microbleeds is different between hypertension and cerebral amyloid angiopathy.
70  Canadian Society of Cardiology
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
LCT (1 time)
MRV (1 time)
PTCA (1 time)
1999 [Immediate results of coronary stent implants in octogenarian patients].
71  cancer stem cell populations
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
GBM (1 time)
2014 The impact of arsenic trioxide and all-trans retinoic acid on p53 R273H-codon mutant glioblastoma.
72  cancer stem/initiating cells
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
ALDH (1 time)
BCAR4 (1 time)
2009 Dofequidar fumarate sensitizes cancer stem-like side population cells to chemotherapeutic drugs by inhibiting ABCG2/BCRP-mediated drug export.
73  cardiac surgical center
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
HLHS (1 time)
TGA (1 time)
2014 Prenatal diagnosis, birth location, surgical center, and neonatal mortality in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome.
74  cavernosal-spongiosal communications
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
PSV (2 times)
RI (2 times)
2002 Color Doppler appearance of penile cavernosal-spongiosal communications in patients with normal and impaired erection.
75  Cell surface charge
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BATH (1 time)
CAM (1 time)
CSH (1 time)
2008 Salmonella Sofia differs from other poultry-associated Salmonella serovars with respect to cell surface hydrophobicity.
76  Central Simulation Committee
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 The Central Simulation Committee (CSC): a model for centralization and standardization of simulation-based medical education in the U.S. Army healthcare system.
77  Charisma Smart Composite
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
EF (2 times)
FBF (2 times)
2019 A randomized, prospective clinical study evaluating effectiveness of a bulk-fill composite resin, a conventional composite resin and a reinforced glass ionomer in Class II cavities: one-year results.
78  childhood socioeconomic conditions
(2 times)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
ASC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2019 Advantaged socioeconomic conditions in childhood are associated with higher cognitive functioning but stronger cognitive decline in older age.
79  Children's Social Care
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
LA (1 time)
2019 Explaining local variation in referrals from health services to children's social care in England 2013-16: a study using 'children in need' administrative data.
80  Children's Surgical Centre
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
STS (1 time)
2013 A hybrid approach to telepathology in Cambodia.
81  chronic systemic candidiasis
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
1992 [Systemic chronic candidiasis following typhlitis caused by Candida albicans].
82  Cigarette smoking condensate
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CAT (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
HFL (1 time)
1998 [Studies on inhibition of human lung carcinogenesis in early stage by oltipraz and its effects on some gene expression and regulation].
83  Civil Service Commission
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(2 times)
ATCSs (1 time)
OKT (1 time)
1978 Objective assessment of prior air traffic control-related experience through the use of an occupational knowledge test.
84  class-specific correlations
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CBNNs (1 time)
CSV (1 time)
FFNNs (1 time)
2005 Feedforward neural network models for handling class overlap and class imbalance.
85  Clinical Skills Clerkship
(2 times)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
OSCE (2 times)
NPIs (1 time)
2014 A new clinical skills clerkship for medical students.
86  clinical study center
(2 times)
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
ESC (1 time)
ICUs (1 time)
2003 The Kronos longevity research institute.
87  clinically significant prostate cancer
(2 times)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
DDC (1 time)
MEM (1 time)
2018 Performance of multiparametric MRI appears better when measured in patients who undergo radical prostatectomy.
88  Coincident Sequence Cloning
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Coincident sequence cloning.
89  Combat Stress Control
(2 times)
Military Medicine
(2 times)
TBH (1 time)
1994 The 528th Combat Stress Control Unit in Somalia in support of Operation Restore Hope.
90  community steering committee
(2 times)
Clinical Protocols
(1 time)
CBPR (1 time)
IRRID (1 time)
2019 Addressing Cardiovascular Health Disparities in Minnesota: Establishment of a Community Steering Committee by FAITH! (Fostering African-American Improvement in Total Health).
91  compatibility switch costs
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
GSC (2 times)
LSC (2 times)
2018 Age-related differences in BOLD modulation to cognitive control costs in a multitasking paradigm: Global switch, local switch, and compatibility-switch costs.
92  compensatory secondary control
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
CPC (1 time)
IADL (1 time)
SPC (1 time)
2013 Change in psychological control in visually impaired older adults over 2 years: role of functional ability and depressed mood.
93  congenital short colon
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 1996 Congenital short colon.
94  Continuous Single Culture
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
ICSI (1 time)
IVF (1 time)
2016 [Embryo development in two single-step media: Analysis of 2059 sibling oocytes].
95  continuous strip-casting
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
HRM (1 time)
LCI (1 time)
2013 Numerical simulation of solid liquid interface behavior during continuous strip casting process.
96  cord signal change
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
DCM (1 time)
MR (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2015 Correlation of cord signal change with physical examination findings in patients with cervical myelopathy.
97  corn straw core
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
MB (2 times)
CS (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2018 Agricultural waste/graphene oxide 3D bio-adsorbent for highly efficient removal of methylene blue from water pollution.
98  corneal stromal cells
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CEC (1 time)
CNI (1 time)
FN (1 time)
2010 Syndecan-1 regulates cell migration and fibronectin fibril assembly.
99  corrugator supercilii
(2 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
TOF (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2007 TOF count at corrugator supercilii reflects abdominal muscles relaxation better than at adductor pollicis.
100  corticosteroid side-chain
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 1990 Corticosteroid side-chain isomerase in mouse organs: kinetic and immunologic studies.