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Abbreviation: CSD
Appearance Frequency: 3229 time(s)
Long forms: 413

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cortical spreading depression
(598 times)
Neurology
(310 times)
CBF (31 times)
CGRP (30 times)
NO (19 times)
1973 Cortical and subcortical components of conditioned saccharin aversion in rats.
cat scratch disease
(391 times)
Communicable Diseases
(84 times)
IFA (32 times)
PCR (23 times)
IgG (10 times)
1975 Cat-scratch disease skin test. Studies of specificity and histopathologic features.
current source density
(326 times)
Neurology
(144 times)
EEG (39 times)
MUA (24 times)
ERP (16 times)
1975 Experimental optimization of current source-density technique for anuran cerebellum.
Cambridge Structural Database
(242 times)
Chemistry
(101 times)
PDB (22 times)
DFT (13 times)
NBO (11 times)
1990 Use of vector processing to search the Cambridge Structural Database.
cold shock domain
(105 times)
Biochemistry
(32 times)
CSPs (13 times)
YB-1 (11 times)
ZKD (4 times)
1992 RNP-1, an RNA-binding motif is conserved in the DNA-binding cold shock domain.
critical size defect
(104 times)
Dentistry
(35 times)
AB (6 times)
BMP-2 (6 times)
MSCs (6 times)
1997 Osteopromotion for cranioplasty: an experimental study in rats using acidic fibroblast growth factor.
constrained spherical deconvolution
(75 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(25 times)
DTI (21 times)
FA (19 times)
WM (14 times)
2008 Resolving crossing fibres using constrained spherical deconvolution: validation using diffusion-weighted imaging phantom data.
cortical spreading depolarization
(47 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
ECoG (4 times)
FHM1 (3 times)
SAH (3 times)
2008 Repetitive cortical spreading depolarizations in a case of severe brain trauma.
cysteine sulfinate decarboxylase
(43 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
CDO (9 times)
TauT (8 times)
GAD (4 times)
1976 Properties of soluble and particulate cysteine sulfinate decarboxylase of the adult and the developing rat brain.
10  chemical solution deposition
(37 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
SEM (4 times)
XRD (4 times)
MEMS (3 times)
2003 Thermostable sulfated 2-4 nm tetragonal ZrO2 with high loading in nanotubes of SBA-15: a superior acidic catalytic material.
11  Cardiac Support Device
(36 times)
Cardiology
(25 times)
LV (21 times)
HF (7 times)
MI (7 times)
2000 Passive epicardial containment prevents ventricular remodeling in heart failure.
12  cardiac sympathetic denervation
(36 times)
Cardiology
(21 times)
VT (19 times)
ICD (8 times)
SHD (5 times)
2011 Inhibition of cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex and sympathetic activity by baroreceptor and vagal afferent inputs in chronic heart failure.
13  calcium sulfate dihydrate
(30 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(19 times)
C-S-H (8 times)
SEM (4 times)
alpha-TCP (3 times)
1989 Calcium phosphate cements: action of setting regulators on the properties of the beta-tricalcium phosphate-monocalcium phosphate cements.
14  chronic social defeat
(30 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
MDD (4 times)
NET (3 times)
SERT (3 times)
2009 Chronic social defeat downregulates the 5-HT1A receptor but not Freud-1 or NUDR in the rat prefrontal cortex.
15  chromoshadow domain
(29 times)
Biochemistry
(10 times)
HP1 (13 times)
CD (9 times)
CTE (2 times)
2000 Dimerisation of a chromo shadow domain and distinctions from the chromodomain as revealed by structural analysis.
16  caveolin scaffolding domain
(28 times)
Molecular Biology
(8 times)
Cav-1 (8 times)
Ang II (2 times)
BP (2 times)
2001 Redistribution of glycolipid raft domain components induces insulin-mimetic signaling in rat adipocytes.
17  chronic sleep deprivation
(28 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
SD (4 times)
CON (3 times)
LIPUS (3 times)
2002 [The role of slow wave sleep in the homeostatic regulation of sleep].
18  complementary sex determination
(28 times)
Genetics
(6 times)
csd (2 times)
DMP (2 times)
fem (2 times)
1999 Unusually high recombination rate detected in the sex locus region of the honey bee (Apis mellifera).
19  cancer-specific death
(27 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
SEER (11 times)
CI (6 times)
OS (5 times)
1996 The combination of p53 and age predict cancer specific death in advanced stage (FIGO Ic-IV) of endometrial carcinoma of endometrioid type. An immunohistochemical examination of growth fraction: Ki-67, MIB-1 and PC10; suppressor oncogene protein: p53; oncogene protein: p185 and age, hormone treatment, stage, and histologic grade.
20  charge state distribution
(25 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(20 times)
ESI-MS (7 times)
ESI (5 times)
MS (4 times)
2001 Conformational study of a new SGTx1 neurotoxin from the spider Scodra griseipes using mass spectrometry.
21  closed suction drainage
(25 times)
Orthopedics
(10 times)
TKA (4 times)
VAS (4 times)
POPF (3 times)
2004 No need for routine closed suction drainage in elective arthroplasty of the hip: a prospective randomized trial in 104 operations.
22  communication sciences and disorders
(25 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(15 times)
IS (3 times)
ACCD (1 time)
AJSLP (1 time)
1995 Health status measures in allied health curricula: results of a national survey.
23  cesarean scar defect
(24 times)
Gynecology
(10 times)
CS (4 times)
TVS (3 times)
MRI (2 times)
2015 Association between ultrasonographic parameters of Cesarean scar defect and outcome of early termination of pregnancy.
24  conditioned suppression of drinking
(23 times)
Psychopharmacology
(18 times)
TF (3 times)
DMTP (2 times)
MED (2 times)
1981 Comparison of anti-conflict drug effects in three experimental animal models of anxiety.
25  cross-spectral density
(22 times)
Ophthalmology
(19 times)
CMD (2 times)
GSM (2 times)
PCV (2 times)
2006 Comment on "partially coherent flat-topped beam and its propagation".
26  cervical spine disorders
(20 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
TMD (9 times)
TMJ (2 times)
CMD (1 time)
1996 Symptoms of the stomatognathic system in temporomandibular and cervical spine disorders.
27  chronic subjective dizziness
(20 times)
Otolaryngology
(10 times)
CBT (2 times)
DHI (2 times)
SSRIs (2 times)
2005 Chronic dizziness and anxiety: effect of course of illness on treatment outcome.
28  Collective Subject Discourse
(20 times)
Public Health
(7 times)
AD (1 time)
BHUs (1 time)
CHA (1 time)
2008 [Social representations of nurses on the integral care available to women through Brazil's basic healthcare network].
29  crystal size distribution
(20 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
PAT (2 times)
PBE (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
1984 Determination of GOT activity on nucleation and crystal growth of calcium oxalate.
30  carotid sinus denervation
(16 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
MAP (4 times)
CO (2 times)
ABP (1 time)
1976 Sympathomimetic drugs: evaluation for acute central hypotensive activity in alpha-chloralose-anesthetized dogs and cats intravertebral artery administration,.
31  circulatory system diseases
(16 times)
Therapeutics
(4 times)
CeVD (3 times)
CI (2 times)
CVD (2 times)
1983 Oral contraceptives and mortality from circulatory system diseases: an epidemiologic study in Taiwan.
32  cesarean scar diverticulum
(15 times)
Gynecology
(8 times)
CS (4 times)
CSP (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
2015 [Clinical research of transvaginal repair of cesarean scar diverticulum].
33  colloidal silicon dioxide
(15 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
AFM (1 time)
API (1 time)
DC (1 time)
1998 Determination of the optimum mixing time for a mixture of lactose and colloidal silicon dioxide.
34  chronically sun-damaged
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
BORR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2012 Epithelioid and fusiform blue nevus of chronically sun-damaged skin, an entity distinct from the epithelioid blue nevus of the Carney complex.
35  Citrus sudden death
(13 times)
Botany
(4 times)
CTV (6 times)
CSDaV (3 times)
CB (1 time)
2003 Identification of Strains of Citrus tristeza virus by Subtraction Hybridization.
36  continuous sedation until death
(13 times)
Ethics
(3 times)
PAD (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
EOL (1 time)
2012 Continuous sedation until death: moral justifications of physicians and nurses--a content analysis of opinion pieces.
37  critical slowing down
(13 times)
Biology
(5 times)
EWS (2 times)
NPs (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
2010 Early warning signals of extinction in deteriorating environments.
38  congenital sensorineural deafness
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
BAER (6 times)
ACD (1 time)
EBVs (1 time)
2003 Analysis of systematic effects on congenital sensorineural deafness in German Dalmatian dogs.
39  cervical spine deformity
(10 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
SVA (3 times)
3CO (1 time)
CBVA (1 time)
2015 Reliability assessment of a novel cervical spine deformity classification system.
40  congenital sodium diarrhea
(10 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
GCC (3 times)
CDDs (2 times)
CCD (1 time)
1999 Congenital sodium diarrhoea in an Indian girl.
41  cross-sectional dependence
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
EKC (5 times)
GHG (3 times)
DCCE (2 times)
2020 Environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis: asymmetry analysis and robust estimation under cross-section dependence.
42  carbonated soft drinks
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
ARIMA (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2003 Carbonated soft drink consumption and bone mineral density in adolescence: the Northern Ireland Young Hearts project.
43  cesarean section delivery
(9 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
VD (5 times)
APA (1 time)
AVGD (1 time)
2008 Maternal brain response to own baby-cry is affected by cesarean section delivery.
44  Client Satisfaction with Device
(9 times)
Rehabilitation
(4 times)
OPUS (6 times)
CSS (2 times)
DIF (2 times)
2014 Validation of the Italian version of the Client Satisfaction with Device module of the Orthotics and Prosthetics Users' Survey.
45  current source density analysis
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
4-AP (1 time)
ARs (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1984 Penicillin-induced epileptic phenomena in the rabbit's neocortex II. Laminar specific generation of interictal spikes after the application of penicillin to different cortical depths.
46  clinically significant disease
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
MRGB (3 times)
mpMRI (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
1988 Protective effect of WC3 vaccine against rotavirus diarrhea in infants during a predominantly serotype 1 rotavirus season.
47  Consensus Sleep Diary
(8 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
ISI (3 times)
PSQI (3 times)
PSG (2 times)
2015 Measuring sleep quality in older adults: a comparison using subjective and objective methods.
48  critical stimulus duration
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
VBM (2 times)
MMPI (1 time)
RT (1 time)
1980 Effect of practice on visual backward masking.
49  citrus stubborn disease
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ddPCR (2 times)
CLas (1 time)
COX (1 time)
1987 Epidemiology of Spiroplasma citri in the Old World.
50  contextual serial discrimination
(7 times)
Psychopharmacology
(3 times)
SD (3 times)
dHPC (2 times)
AMPA (1 time)
2004 Contextual and serial discriminations: a new learning paradigm to assess simultaneously the effects of acute stress on retrieval of flexible or stable information in mice.
51  copulation solicitation displays
(7 times)
Biology
(4 times)
CMM (1 time)
HVC (1 time)
IEGs (1 time)
1998 Effects of fadrozole on sexual displays and reproductive activity in the female canary.
52  Chronic skin disease
(6 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
PSA (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
1998 Coping with acne vulgaris. Evaluation of the chronic skin disorder questionnaire in patients with acne.
53  clinically significant depression
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
CRD (2 times)
NHANES (2 times)
CAs (1 time)
2016 Depression among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus, US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2005-2012.
54  conduction system disease
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
DCM (3 times)
AD (1 time)
AF (1 time)
1984 Potentially lethal arrhythmias and their management in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
55  cross-sectional distensibility
(6 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
CSC (6 times)
CCA (4 times)
DWS (3 times)
2000 [Cardiovascular impact of end-stage renal insufficiency in children undergoing hemodialysis].
56  cav-1 scaffolding domain
(5 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
Cav-1 (4 times)
ANG-II (1 time)
Cat (1 time)
2003 Functional caveolae are a prerequisite for CD40 signaling in human renal proximal tubule cells.
57  census subdivision
(5 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
DA (1 time)
EDI (1 time)
2010 Examining spatial variations in the prevalence of mental health problems among 5-year-old children in Canada.
58  chemical shift displacement
(5 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
GOIA (2 times)
SAR (2 times)
SNR (2 times)
2013 Three-dimensional Hadamard-encoded proton spectroscopic imaging in the human brain using time-cascaded pulses at 3 Tesla.
59  chromosomal sex determination
(5 times)
Biology
(2 times)
TSD (2 times)
DHT (1 time)
GSD (1 time)
1999 Temperature-dependent sex determination: upregulation of SOX9 expression after commitment to male development.
60  chronic somatic diseases
(5 times)
Physical Medicine
(5 times)
STAI (3 times)
BDI (2 times)
SMPI (2 times)
2009 [Predictors of efficiency of autogenous melodeclamation training in patients with chronic somatic pathology].
61  common stem duplication
(5 times)
Behavior
(1 time)
CPD (5 times)
HG (5 times)
SZ (2 times)
2016 Surface-Based Morphometry of Cortical Thickness and Surface Area Associated with Heschl's Gyri Duplications in 430 Healthy Volunteers.
62  congenital spinal deformity
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
AS (1 time)
DAR (1 time)
HGT (1 time)
2009 Is it necessary to operate all split cord malformations before corrective surgery for patients with congenital spinal deformities?
63  correntropy spectral density
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
CHF (3 times)
FMCW (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2009 Correntropy-based analysis of respiratory patterns in patients with chronic heart failure.
64  cross-sectional diameter
(5 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AAA (1 time)
CDUS (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
2009 Low-level laser irradiation inhibits abdominal aortic aneurysm progression in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice.
65  Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
miRNAs (3 times)
APX (1 time)
BaMV (1 time)
2009 The role of microRNAs in copper and cadmium homeostasis.
66  caveolin-1 scaffolding domain peptide
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
SSc (2 times)
AA (1 time)
ASM (1 time)
2014 Caveolin-1 regulates chemokine receptor 5-mediated contribution of bone marrow-derived cells to dermal fibrosis.
67  chronic sleep disorder
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CRH (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
FAA (1 time)
2014 Disruption of behavioral circadian rhythms induced by psychophysiological stress affects plasma free amino acid profiles without affecting peripheral clock gene expression in mice.
68  chronic sun-induced damage
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
MEK (1 time)
MM (1 time)
NRAS (1 time)
2015 Analysis of mTOR Gene Aberrations in Melanoma Patients and Evaluation of Their Sensitivity to PI3K-AKT-mTOR Pathway Inhibitors.
69  circular standard deviation
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
MD (1 time)
1989 Measurements from light and polarised light microscopy of human coronary arteries fixed at distending pressure.
70  Compound sophorae decoction
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
UC (4 times)
CRC (2 times)
AOM (1 time)
2019 Uncovering the Anticancer Mechanism of Compound Sophorae Decoction against Ulcerative Colitis-Related Colorectal Cancer in Mice.
71  congenital segmental dilatation
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CPC (1 time)
PAS (1 time)
2001 Enteric nervous system, interstitial cells of cajal, and smooth muscle vacuolization in segmental dilatation of jejunum.
72  constrained sessile drop
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BLES (4 times)
ADSA (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2005 Effect of humidity on the adsorption kinetics of lung surfactant at air-water interfaces.
73  Cough Severity Diary
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
LCQ (4 times)
VAS (4 times)
PGIC (2 times)
2010 Measuring cough severity: development and pilot testing of a new seven-item cough severity patient-reported outcome measure.
74  crystalline solid dispersion
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
ASD (2 times)
CoQ10 (1 time)
CWM (1 time)
2013 Biopharmaceutical characterization of nanocrystalline solid dispersion of coenzyme Q10 prepared with cold wet-milling system.
75  cumulative solar damage
(4 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2020 The 2018 World Health Organization Classification of Cutaneous, Mucosal, and Uveal Melanoma: Detailed Analysis of 9 Distinct Subtypes Defined by Their Evolutionary Pathway.
76  Canadian Survey on Disability
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
DD (1 time)
GATE (1 time)
2020 Assistive technology use and unmet need in Canada.
77  canonic signed digit
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
CMFB (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2015 Non-uniform cosine modulated filter banks using meta-heuristic algorithms in CSD space.
78  carcinoid syndrome diarrhea
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
TE (2 times)
QALY (1 time)
SSA LAR (1 time)
2017 Cost-effectiveness analysis of telotristat ethyl for treatment of carcinoid syndrome diarrhea inadequately controlled with somatostatin analogs.
79  Chickpea stunt disease
(3 times)
Virology
(3 times)
BeYDV (2 times)
CpCDV (1 time)
2008 Two dicot-infecting mastreviruses (family Geminiviridae) occur in Pakistan.
80  cholesterol-supplemented diet
(3 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
EFAD (1 time)
1990 Renal vasoconstriction caused by short-term cholesterol feeding is corrected by thromboxane antagonist or probucol.
81  chondroitin sulphate D
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CS-E (2 times)
GAGs (2 times)
CE (1 time)
1988 Effect of oversulphated chondroitin and dermatan sulphate upon thrombin and factor Xa inactivation by antithrombin III or heparin cofactor II.
82  clinically significant depression symptoms
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BaSE (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
2011 Primary care screening of depression and treatment engagement in a university health center: a retrospective analysis.
83  closed spinal dysraphism
(3 times)
Urology
(2 times)
OSD (2 times)
LUT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2004 Imaging in spine and spinal cord malformations.
84  community socioeconomic deprivation
(3 times)
Obesity
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CKD-EPI (1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
2014 Community socioeconomic deprivation and obesity trajectories in children using electronic health records.
85  conditional sampling distribution
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
HMM (1 time)
HMMs (1 time)
2010 A principled approach to deriving approximate conditional sampling distributions in population genetics models with recombination.
86  cordless screwdriver
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
ATCs (2 times)
NCSs (2 times)
PMI (2 times)
2010 Comparison of 3 airway access techniques during suspected spine injury management in American football.
87  Cornell Scale for Depression
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
PSD (3 times)
MADRS (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
2013 Psychosocial problems associated with depression at 18 months poststroke.
88  cumulative stone diameter
(3 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
KUB (2 times)
SA (2 times)
SF (2 times)
2012 The most reliable preoperative assessment of renal stone burden as a predictor of stone-free status after flexible ureteroscopy with holmium laser lithotripsy: a single-center experience.
89  current-source distribution
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
EEG (2 times)
ACG (1 time)
AED (1 time)
2014 Location of Irritative Zone in Epileptic Brains of Schizencephalic Patients.
90  calorie shifting diet
(2 times)
Preventive Medicine
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
2014 Calorie shifting diet versus calorie restriction diet: a comparative clinical trial study.
91  calving season day
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AT/IND (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
BV (1 time)
2015 Novel approaches to genetic analysis of fertility traits in New Zealand dairy cattle.
92  capillary surface density
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CND (1 time)
MOD (1 time)
2008 Effect of morphology on placentome size, vascularity, and vasoreactivity in late pregnant sheep.
93  cardiac sudden death
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
sBRS (1 time)
1996 Elevated heart rate variability in physically active postmenopausal women: a cardioprotective effect?
94  Carotid sinus diameter
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
BRS (1 time)
CSL (1 time)
1976 Baroreflex sensitivity and carotid sinus dimensions in dogs with coarctation.
95  causal structure discovery
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADNI (1 time)
EHR (1 time)
2020 Challenges and Opportunities with Causal Discovery Algorithms: Application to Alzheimer's Pathophysiology.
96  cause of stranding and/ or death
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 Pathology and causes of death in stranded humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) from Brazil.
97  centre square duration
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AQ (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
DIO (1 time)
2009 The effect of administration of amodiaquine on some parameters of neurobehaviour of Wistar rats.
98  Charcot spinal disease
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
SCI (1 time)
2008 Charcot spinal disease after spinal cord injury.
99  chemical shift deviations
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 2004 Hydrogen bonding on the ice-binding face of a beta-helical antifreeze protein indicated by amide proton NMR chemical shifts.
100  chest sagital diameter
(2 times)
Mechanical Phenomena
(2 times)
CP (2 times)
TTSA (2 times)
2011 Morphometric study for estimation and validation of trunk transverse surface area to assess human drag force on water.