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Abbreviation: CSE
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cigarette smoke extract
(820 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(163 times)
COPD (197 times)
CS (94 times)
ROS (65 times)
1991 [Effect of cigarette smoke extract on hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction].
cystathionine gamma-lyase
(668 times)
Pharmacology
(109 times)
CBS (256 times)
NO (70 times)
3-MST (53 times)
2002 Hydrogen sulfide as a neuromodulator.
combined spinal-epidural
(195 times)
Anesthesiology
(135 times)
CI (13 times)
EVE (7 times)
PCEA (6 times)
1988 Epidural versus combined spinal epidural block for cesarean section.
convulsive status epilepticus
(92 times)
Neurology
(62 times)
NCSE (15 times)
SE (12 times)
EEG (7 times)
1995 Metabolic abnormalities and new-onset seizures in human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive patients.
corticospinal excitability
(79 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
TMS (41 times)
MEPs (14 times)
a-tDCS (7 times)
2007 Do you see what I mean? Corticospinal excitability during observation of culture-specific gestures.
Clearfil SE Bond
(73 times)
Dentistry
(59 times)
SB (11 times)
SEM (10 times)
CS3 (8 times)
2002 Bond strength of five current adhesives to caries-affected dentin.
conventional spin-echo
(70 times)
Radiology
(29 times)
FSE (41 times)
MS (18 times)
FLAIR (8 times)
1992 Fast spin-echo MR imaging of the female pelvis. Part I. Use of a whole-volume coil.
CS extract
(61 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(21 times)
CS (60 times)
COPD (25 times)
ROS (7 times)
2002 The effects of cigarette smoke extract on the endothelial production of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 are mediated through macrophages, possibly by inducing TNF-alpha release.
combined spinal-epidural anesthesia
(55 times)
Anesthesiology
(31 times)
PDPH (4 times)
CS (3 times)
i.t (3 times)
1992 [The reuse of 29-gauge spinal needles following combined spinal-epidural anesthesia].
10  clinical skills examination
(31 times)
Education
(5 times)
FEES (4 times)
SSE (3 times)
OR (2 times)
1991 Standard setting in optometric clinical skills examinations.
11  cigarette smoke exposure
(29 times)
Toxicology
(9 times)
GD (4 times)
PD (4 times)
PLS-DA (4 times)
2002 Mainstream and sidestream cigarette smoke exposure increases Ca2+-dependent phospholipid binding proteins in guinea pig alveolar type II cells.
12  coping self-efficacy
(25 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
PTSD (4 times)
PTSS (4 times)
CET (2 times)
1997 Coping self-efficacy buffers psychological and physiological disturbances in HIV-infected men following a natural disaster.
13  core self-evaluations
(23 times)
Psychology
(12 times)
CFA (1 time)
COR (1 time)
CSES (1 time)
2009 The role of core self-evaluations in the coping process.
14  congruency sequence effect
(21 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
CC (1 time)
ITI (1 time)
PWI (1 time)
2009 The conflict adaptation is affected by attentional strategies: evidence from the arrow flanker task.
15  collective self-esteem
(17 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
AS (1 time)
CSES (1 time)
PRD (1 time)
1994 The influence of personal and collective self-esteem on strategies of social differentiation.
16  chemical shift-encoded
(16 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(12 times)
PDFF (8 times)
MRS (4 times)
ICC (2 times)
2014 On the confounding effect of temperature on chemical shift-encoded fat quantification.
17  chronic solvent encephalopathy
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
ERP (2 times)
AUD (1 time)
AUDIT-C (1 time)
2006 Genetic polymorphism of metabolic enzymes modifies the risk of chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy.
18  Common Standards for Quantitative Electrocardiography
(16 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
ECG (7 times)
MEANS (2 times)
VCG (2 times)
1985 Establishment of a reference library for evaluating computer ECG measurement programs.
19  conventional solvent extraction
(14 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
UAE (7 times)
RSM (4 times)
MAE (2 times)
2004 Optimization of the extraction of paclitaxel from Taxus baccata L. by the use of microwave energy.
20  cross-sectional echocardiography
(13 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
MS (2 times)
AHCM (1 time)
AMA (1 time)
1979 Right ventricular outflow tract assessment by cross-sectional echocardiography in tetralogy of Fallot.
21  capillary sieving electrophoresis
(12 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
FQ (3 times)
MECC (2 times)
MEKC (2 times)
2003 Identification of proteins in single-cell capillary electrophoresis fingerprints based on comigration with standard proteins.
22  chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy
(12 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
CAMQ (1 time)
CAU (1 time)
D2R (1 time)
2006 Visual search and eye movements in patients with chronic solvent-induced toxic encephalopathy.
23  conventional SE
(12 times)
Radiology
(8 times)
FSE (6 times)
SE (3 times)
TE (3 times)
1991 [Low flip-angle spin-echo imaging of the liver. Basic study and its application to hepatic space-occupying lesions].
24  comprehensive sexuality education
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
AOE (1 time)
CAB (1 time)
FGDs (1 time)
2008 Support for comprehensive sexuality education: perspectives from parents of school-age youth.
25  core stabilization exercise
(10 times)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(6 times)
LBP (4 times)
ES (2 times)
GE (2 times)
2011 A comparison of pain level and entropy changes following core stability exercise intervention.
26  crude soluble extract
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ES (2 times)
LMM (2 times)
NCC (2 times)
1998 Application of an immunoassay to determine risk factors associated with porcine cysticercosis in rural areas of Yucatan, Mexico.
27  cardiac sources of embolism
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
TIA (3 times)
TTE (3 times)
TEE (2 times)
2005 The role of the 12-lead ECG as a screening test for cardiac source of embolus.
28  chitin soluble extract
(9 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
5-FU (1 time)
cpm (1 time)
GI (1 time)
1983 In vitro and in vivo adherence of Candida albicans to mucosal surfaces.
29  commercial sexual exploitation
(9 times)
Interpersonal Relations
(3 times)
CBCL (1 time)
NGOs (1 time)
PTSD-RI (1 time)
2013 Child trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation: a review of promising prevention policies and programs.
30  caffeoyl shikimate esterase
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
C4H (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CCoAOMT (1 time)
2013 Caffeoyl shikimate esterase (CSE) is an enzyme in the lignin biosynthetic pathway in Arabidopsis.
31  carbapenem-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae
(8 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
CRE (6 times)
CI (3 times)
OR (2 times)
2011 Clinical epidemiology of carbapenem-intermediate or -resistant Enterobacteriaceae.
32  cigarette smoke
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
LDL (2 times)
PBS (2 times)
AAA (1 time)
1987 Acute cigarette smoke exposure causes lung injury in rabbits treated with ibuprofen.
33  combined spinal-epidural technique
(8 times)
Anesthesiology
(8 times)
CSA (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
EPID (1 time)
1997 Comparison of continuous spinal with combined spinal-epidural anesthesia using plain bupivacaine 0.5% in trauma patients.
34  Compulsory Secondary Education
(8 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
BD (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
ATE (1 time)
1999 Anti-tobacco education in Spanish schools.
35  convulsive SE
(8 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
SE (8 times)
NCSE (6 times)
EPC (2 times)
1999 The association between seizure clustering and convulsive status epilepticus in patients with intractable complex partial seizures.
36  cognitive systems engineering
(7 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
CND (1 time)
EID (1 time)
MMSs (1 time)
1999 Cognitive systems engineering: new wine in new bottles.
37  conserved sequence element
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
UTR (2 times)
BAC (1 time)
CTCF (1 time)
2003 Computational comparison of two mouse draft genomes and the human golden path.
38  Coping Self-Efficacy Scale
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CMTR (2 times)
PDS (2 times)
SCL-D (2 times)
2011 Validation of the short form of the Chinese Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory in Mainland China.
39  cystathionine beta-synthase and cystathionine gamma-lyase
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DNMT (1 time)
hCSE (1 time)
Hcy (1 time)
2009 Structural basis for the inhibition mechanism of human cystathionine gamma-lyase, an enzyme responsible for the production of H(2)S.
40  child sexual exploitation
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ASD (1 time)
SCH's (1 time)
SCQ (1 time)
2010 Factors that influence police conceptualizations of girls involved in prostitution in six U.S. cities: child sexual exploitation victims or delinquents?
41  cochlea-scaled entropy
(6 times)
Audiology
(6 times)
EAS (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
CSII (1 time)
2012 Contributions of cochlea-scaled entropy and consonant-vowel boundaries to prediction of speech intelligibility in noise.
42  contrast stress echocardiography
(6 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
CAD (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
BNP (2 times)
2004 Prognostic value of contrast stress echocardiography in patients with image quality too limited for traditional noncontrast harmonic echocardiography.
43  chicory seed extract
(5 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
ET2D (1 time)
FBS (1 time)
LSCM (1 time)
2011 Molecular mechanisms of celery seed extract induced apoptosis via s phase cell cycle arrest in the BGC-823 human stomach cancer cell line.
44  Common Standards for Electrocardiography
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ECGs (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
AHA-BIH (1 time)
1992 Data compression for storage of resting ECGs digitized at 500 samples/second.
45  cystathionase
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
6ECDCA (1 time)
beta-MHC (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
1983 Cystathionase: a potential cytoplasmic marker of hematopoietic differentiation.
46  Chinese Society of Endocrinology
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
ATA (1 time)
ATDs (1 time)
BTA (1 time)
2011 Stratifying and tailoring HbA1c control targets for adults with Type 2 diabetes: interpretation of the consensus proposed by the Chinese Society of Endocrinology.
47  cholesterol synthesis enzyme
(4 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ACE (2 times)
ACD-A (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
1999 [Comparison of cholesterol synthesizing enzymes (CSE) inhibitors].
48  Clearfil SE
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
ABS (1 time)
CS3 (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2009 Fatigue of enamel bonds with self-etch adhesives.
49  contraceptive self-efficacy
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
RCK (1 time)
1984 Contraceptive self-efficacy: a primary prevention strategy.
50  conventional T1-weighted spin-echo imaging
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
SPIO (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
1992 [Low flip angle spin-echo MR imaging to obtain better Gd-DTPA enhanced imaging with ECG gating].
51  caesarean scar endometriosis
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2015 Surgical Treatment of Scar Endometriosis Following Cesarean Section, a Series of 12 Cases.
52  cardiac self-efficacy
(3 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
BMI (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
GSE (1 time)
2009 Self-care behaviour and factors associated with patient outcomes following same-day discharge percutaneous coronary intervention.
53  cell seeding efficiency
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
CSD (1 time)
CSV (1 time)
DOE (1 time)
2006 New technique of seeding chondrocytes into microporous poly(L-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) sponge by cyclic compression force-induced suction.
54  Central and South-Eastern
(3 times)
Biological Evolution
(1 time)
WCR (2 times)
NW (1 time)
p.a (1 time)
2010 The international limits and population at risk of Plasmodium vivax transmission in 2009.
55  child support enforcement
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
SSA (1 time)
SSI (1 time)
TANF (1 time)
2001 Improving child support enforcement for children receiving SSI.
56  childhood sexual experiences
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
MSMW (1 time)
1995 Detecting a history of childhood sexual experiences among women substance abusers.
57  Choto-san extract
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
USE (3 times)
CAT (1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
2002 Inhibitory effects of Choto-san (Diao-teng-san), and hooks and stems of Uncaria sinensis on free radical-induced lysis of rat red blood cells.
58  cilia-stopping effect
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
MG (1 time)
1970 Growth and Pathogenesis of Mycoplasma mycoides var. capri in Chicken Embryo Tracheal Organ Cultures.
59  cluster skeletal electrons
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
--- 2010 Unexpected transformation of a diamagnetic Mo3(mu3-S)(mu-S)3 to a paramagnetic Mo3(mu3-S)2(mu-S)3 cluster core by reaction of [Mo3S4(dppe)3Br3]PF6 with (t)BuSNa.
60  cochlear sensory epithelia
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
C1s (1 time)
Cfi (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2001 Heterogeneity of phospholipase C in the cochlea of the guinea pig.
61  Cone-shaped epiphyses
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1971 Cone-shaped epiphyses (CSE) in siblings with hereditary renal disease and retinitis pigmentosa.
62  Confusional State Evaluation
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
--- 1997 Confusional State Evaluation (CSE): an instrument for measuring severity of delirium in the elderly.
63  contingent self-esteem
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
FNE (1 time)
SPA (1 time)
2004 Appearance-related social comparisons: the role of contingent self-esteem and self-perceptions of attractiveness.
64  control standard endotoxin
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
LAL (2 times)
ABS (1 time)
BET (1 time)
1989 Recovery of endotoxin preparations from the surface of glass capillary tubes.
65  coping strategy enhancement
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CBTp (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
PS (1 time)
1993 A trial of two cognitive-behavioural methods of treating drug-resistant residual psychotic symptoms in schizophrenic patients: I. Outcome.
66  coupled-channel Schrodinger-equation
(3 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
EUV (1 time)
2005 Predissociation mechanism for the lowest 1 Pi u states of N2.
67  cycle of seminiferous epithelium
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
GSI (1 time)
1992 Kinetics of spermatogenesis in megachiropteran bat, Rousettus leschenaulti (Desmarset): seminiferous epithelial cycle, frequency of stages, spermatogonial renewal and germ cell degeneration.
68  gamma-cystathionase
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ALDH (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
CBS (1 time)
2016 Heme-dependent Metabolite Switching Regulates H2S Synthesis in Response to Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress.
69  C. sappan heartwood
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BRE (2 times)
MBC (1 time)
MBCs (1 time)
2014 Anti-Propionibacterium acnes assay-guided purification of brazilin and preparation of brazilin rich extract from Caesalpinia sappan heartwood.
70  C. sativum extract
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GTCS (1 time)
MCS (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2015 Effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Coriandrum sativum on oxidative damage in pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures in rats.
71  Caesalpinia sappan extract
(2 times)
Nutrigenomics
(1 time)
OA (2 times)
COX-2 (1 time)
IL-1 beta (1 time)
2011 Anti-inflammatory activity of an ethanolic Caesalpinia sappan extract in human chondrocytes and macrophages.
72  cell-sheet engineering
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2016 The application of cell sheet engineering in the vascularization of tissue regeneration.
73  cerebroside sulfated ester
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DCC (1 time)
TLC (1 time)
1981 The application of droplet counter-current chromatography (DCC) for the separation of acidic glycolipids.
74  Child Social Exclusion
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACSC (1 time)
AIHW (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
2013 Social exclusion, deprivation and child health: a spatial analysis of ambulatory care sensitive conditions in children aged 0-4 years in Victoria, Australia.
75  choreoathetosis/spasticity
(2 times)
Epilepsy
(1 time)
CAE (1 time)
EOAE (1 time)
GLUT1 (1 time)
1996 A gene for autosomal dominant paroxysmal choreoathetosis/spasticity (CSE) maps to the vicinity of a potassium channel gene cluster on chromosome 1p, probably within 2 cM between D1S443 and D1S197.
76  cigarette smoke water extract
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
Egr-1 (2 times)
CS (1 time)
HO-1 (1 time)
2007 MAPK pathway mediates EGR-1-HSP70-dependent cigarette smoke-induced chemokine production.
77  coenzyme A reductase
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
ICUS (1 time)
2000 Hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors modify the inflammatory response of human macrophages and endothelial cells infected with Chlamydia pneumoniae.
78  cofactor specificity engineering
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CMA (1 time)
GAPD (1 time)
2013 Cofactor modification analysis: a computational framework to identify cofactor specificity engineering targets for strain improvement.
79  cognitive self-efficacy
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2015 Psychological intervention for improving cognitive function in cancer survivors: a literature review and randomized controlled trial.
80  Cognitive Status Examination
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
--- 1990 Utility of the Cognitive Status Examination (CSE) for detection of neuropsychological impairment in substance abuse patients.
81  coherent spontaneous emission
(2 times)
Physics
(1 time)
FEL (1 time)
FEM (1 time)
2000 Self-amplification of coherent spontaneous emission in a cherenkov free-electron maser
82  colistin sulfate
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DAO (2 times)
COS (1 time)
IEL (1 time)
2012 Effect of chito-oligosaccharide on growth performance, intestinal barrier function, intestinal morphology and cecal microflora in weaned pigs.
83  combined Stroop effect
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1992 Stroop effects within and between the cerebral hemispheres: studies in normals and acallosals.
84  Community and stakeholder engagement
(2 times)
Ethics
(2 times)
--- 2018 A Framework for Community and Stakeholder Engagement: Experiences From a Multicenter Study in Southern Africa.
85  computerized scientific exhibit
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
RSNA (1 time)
1994 Computerized scientific exhibit in radiology: a valuable format for delivering scientific information.
86  confidential self-exclusion
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HBs (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2010 Positivity of HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C in patients enrolled in a confidential self-exclusion system of blood donation: a cross-sectional analytical study.
87  configural superiority effect
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Inhibition drives configural superiority of illusory Gestalt: Combined behavioral and drift-diffusion model evidence.
88  conservative segment exchange
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ECLs (1 time)
GAP (1 time)
GPCR (1 time)
1997 Ligand binding pocket of the human somatostatin receptor 5: mutational analysis of the extracellular domains.
89  conventional strain elastography
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
ARFI (2 times)
AUROC (1 time)
BI-RADS (1 time)
2017 Risk stratification of thyroid nodules with Bethesda category III results on fine-needle aspiration cytology: The additional value of acoustic radiation force impulse elastography.
90  Cordyceps sinensis
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CME (1 time)
LDL (1 time)
1990 Augmentation of various immune reactivities of tumor-bearing hosts with an extract of Cordyceps sinensis.
91  counseling self-efficacy
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2013 Adult attachment, attachment to the supervisor, and the supervisory alliance: how they relate to novice therapists' perceived counseling self-efficacy.
92  cranial subdural empyema
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
SSE (2 times)
CEA (1 time)
SEA (1 time)
1987 Subdural empyema and epidural abscess: recent experience in a community hospital.
93  crude stomach extracts
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
ES (1 time)
1984 The effects of pretreatment with stomach extract on the incidence of X-ray-induced gastric tumor in ICR mice.
94  cyclic scanning electrodeposition
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
UA (1 time)
2017 Electrochemical Synthesis of Cu2O Concave Octahedrons with High-Index Facets and Enhanced Photoelectrochemical Activity.
95  cytostatic effect
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
PC (2 times)
1989 [Cytostatic action of the peritoneal cells of Syrian hamsters on transformed cells].
96  C sequestration efficiency
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
KMnO4-C (1 time)
PM (1 time)
POC (1 time)
2013 [Effects of long-term fertilization on soil organic carbon pool and carbon sequestration under double rice cropping].
97  C-6 positions of the N-acetylgalactosamine residue
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
GAG (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2018 Interaction of receptor type of protein tyrosine phosphatase sigma (RPTPsigma) with a glycosaminoglycan library.
98  c-lyase
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
I/R (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
MCAO (1 time)
2018 Vascular Protection of Hydrogen Sulfide on Cerebral Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Rats.
99  C-shaped engraving
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Nano-optical conveyor belt, part II: Demonstration of handoff between near-field optical traps.
100  C. salsa extract
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BPH (1 time)
DHT (1 time)
2016 Anti-proliferation effects of Cistanches salsa on the progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia.