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Abbreviation: CSE
Appearance Frequency: 3449 time(s)
Long forms: 350

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cigarette smoke extract
(1002 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(186 times)
COPD (266 times)
CS (121 times)
ROS (83 times)
1991 [Effect of cigarette smoke extract on hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction].
cystathionine gamma-lyase
(782 times)
Pharmacology
(125 times)
CBS (306 times)
NO (80 times)
3-MST (62 times)
2002 Hydrogen sulfide as a neuromodulator.
combined spinal-epidural
(215 times)
Anesthesiology
(141 times)
CI (16 times)
EVE (8 times)
SSS (7 times)
1988 Epidural versus combined spinal epidural block for cesarean section.
corticospinal excitability
(112 times)
Neurology
(48 times)
TMS (56 times)
MEPs (20 times)
SICI (12 times)
2007 Do you see what I mean? Corticospinal excitability during observation of culture-specific gestures.
convulsive status epilepticus
(109 times)
Neurology
(74 times)
NCSE (16 times)
SE (15 times)
EEG (10 times)
1995 Metabolic abnormalities and new-onset seizures in human immunodeficiency virus-seropositive patients.
CS extract
(81 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(24 times)
CS (80 times)
COPD (36 times)
ROS (8 times)
2002 The effects of cigarette smoke extract on the endothelial production of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 are mediated through macrophages, possibly by inducing TNF-alpha release.
Clearfil SE Bond
(77 times)
Dentistry
(62 times)
SB (11 times)
SEM (10 times)
SBS (9 times)
2002 Bond strength of five current adhesives to caries-affected dentin.
conventional spin-echo
(70 times)
Radiology
(29 times)
FSE (41 times)
MS (18 times)
FLAIR (8 times)
1992 Fast spin-echo MR imaging of the female pelvis. Part I. Use of a whole-volume coil.
combined spinal-epidural anesthesia
(56 times)
Anesthesiology
(31 times)
PDPH (4 times)
CS (3 times)
i.t (3 times)
1992 [The reuse of 29-gauge spinal needles following combined spinal-epidural anesthesia].
10  core self-evaluations
(36 times)
Psychology
(14 times)
LOC (2 times)
CFA (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2009 The role of core self-evaluations in the coping process.
11  clinical skills examination
(35 times)
Education
(6 times)
FEES (4 times)
SSE (3 times)
MPS (2 times)
1991 Standard setting in optometric clinical skills examinations.
12  cigarette smoke exposure
(34 times)
Toxicology
(10 times)
GD (4 times)
PD (4 times)
PLS-DA (4 times)
2002 Mainstream and sidestream cigarette smoke exposure increases Ca2+-dependent phospholipid binding proteins in guinea pig alveolar type II cells.
13  congruency sequence effect
(34 times)
Psychology
(23 times)
ASD (1 time)
CC (1 time)
ISPC (1 time)
2009 The conflict adaptation is affected by attentional strategies: evidence from the arrow flanker task.
14  coping self-efficacy
(32 times)
Psychology
(12 times)
PTSD (6 times)
PTSS (4 times)
CET (2 times)
1997 Coping self-efficacy buffers psychological and physiological disturbances in HIV-infected men following a natural disaster.
15  chemical shift-encoded
(23 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(17 times)
PDFF (14 times)
MRS (5 times)
LOA (3 times)
2014 On the confounding effect of temperature on chemical shift-encoded fat quantification.
16  conventional solvent extraction
(23 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
UAE (10 times)
MAE (8 times)
RSM (8 times)
2004 Optimization of the extraction of paclitaxel from Taxus baccata L. by the use of microwave energy.
17  commercial sexual exploitation
(20 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
aOR (1 time)
CBCL (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2013 Child trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation: a review of promising prevention policies and programs.
18  comprehensive sexuality education
(19 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
SRH (3 times)
AOE (1 time)
AOR (1 time)
2008 Support for comprehensive sexuality education: perspectives from parents of school-age youth.
19  collective self-esteem
(18 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
PSE (2 times)
AS (1 time)
CSES (1 time)
1994 The influence of personal and collective self-esteem on strategies of social differentiation.
20  chronic solvent encephalopathy
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
ERP (2 times)
OHS (2 times)
AUD (1 time)
2006 Genetic polymorphism of metabolic enzymes modifies the risk of chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy.
21  Common Standards for Quantitative Electrocardiography
(16 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
ECG (7 times)
MEANS (2 times)
VCG (2 times)
1985 Establishment of a reference library for evaluating computer ECG measurement programs.
22  core stability exercise
(16 times)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(6 times)
LBP (4 times)
GE (3 times)
NSLBP (3 times)
2011 A comparison of pain level and entropy changes following core stability exercise intervention.
23  capillary sieving electrophoresis
(13 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(13 times)
FQ (3 times)
MECC (2 times)
MEKC (2 times)
2003 Identification of proteins in single-cell capillary electrophoresis fingerprints based on comigration with standard proteins.
24  cross-sectional echocardiography
(13 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
MS (2 times)
AHCM (1 time)
AMA (1 time)
1979 Right ventricular outflow tract assessment by cross-sectional echocardiography in tetralogy of Fallot.
25  carbapenem-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae
(12 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
CRE (9 times)
CI (3 times)
LOS (2 times)
2011 Clinical epidemiology of carbapenem-intermediate or -resistant Enterobacteriaceae.
26  child sexual exploitation
(12 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ASD (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
HIV/STI (1 time)
2010 Factors that influence police conceptualizations of girls involved in prostitution in six U.S. cities: child sexual exploitation victims or delinquents?
27  chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy
(12 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
CAMQ (1 time)
CAU (1 time)
D2R (1 time)
2006 Visual search and eye movements in patients with chronic solvent-induced toxic encephalopathy.
28  conventional SE
(11 times)
Radiology
(8 times)
FSE (6 times)
HP (2 times)
JTE (2 times)
1991 [Low flip-angle spin-echo imaging of the liver. Basic study and its application to hepatic space-occupying lesions].
29  caffeoyl shikimate esterase
(10 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
HCT (2 times)
C3H (1 time)
C4H (1 time)
2013 Caffeoyl shikimate esterase (CSE) is an enzyme in the lignin biosynthetic pathway in Arabidopsis.
30  cigarette smoke
(10 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
LDL (2 times)
PBS (2 times)
AAA (1 time)
1987 Acute cigarette smoke exposure causes lung injury in rabbits treated with ibuprofen.
31  crude soluble extract
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ES (2 times)
LMM (2 times)
NCC (2 times)
1998 Application of an immunoassay to determine risk factors associated with porcine cysticercosis in rural areas of Yucatan, Mexico.
32  cardiac sources of embolism
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
TIA (3 times)
TTE (3 times)
TEE (2 times)
2005 The role of the 12-lead ECG as a screening test for cardiac source of embolus.
33  chitin soluble extract
(9 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
5-FU (1 time)
cpm (1 time)
GI (1 time)
1983 In vitro and in vivo adherence of Candida albicans to mucosal surfaces.
34  Compulsory Secondary Education
(9 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
BD (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
ATE (1 time)
1999 Anti-tobacco education in Spanish schools.
35  convulsive SE
(9 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
SE (9 times)
NCSE (7 times)
EPC (2 times)
1999 The association between seizure clustering and convulsive status epilepticus in patients with intractable complex partial seizures.
36  combined spinal-epidural technique
(8 times)
Anesthesiology
(8 times)
CSA (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
EPID (1 time)
1997 Comparison of continuous spinal with combined spinal-epidural anesthesia using plain bupivacaine 0.5% in trauma patients.
37  cognitive systems engineering
(7 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
CND (1 time)
EID (1 time)
MMSs (1 time)
1999 Cognitive systems engineering: new wine in new bottles.
38  conserved sequence element
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
UTR (2 times)
BAC (1 time)
CTCF (1 time)
2003 Computational comparison of two mouse draft genomes and the human golden path.
39  Coping Self-Efficacy Scale
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CMTR (2 times)
PDS (2 times)
SCL-D (2 times)
2011 Validation of the short form of the Chinese Childbirth Self-Efficacy Inventory in Mainland China.
40  cystathionine beta-synthase and cystathionine gamma-lyase
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DNMT (1 time)
hCSE (1 time)
Hcy (1 time)
2009 Structural basis for the inhibition mechanism of human cystathionine gamma-lyase, an enzyme responsible for the production of H(2)S.
41  cochlea-scaled entropy
(6 times)
Audiology
(6 times)
EAS (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
CSII (1 time)
2012 Contributions of cochlea-scaled entropy and consonant-vowel boundaries to prediction of speech intelligibility in noise.
42  contrast stress echocardiography
(6 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
CAD (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
BNP (2 times)
2004 Prognostic value of contrast stress echocardiography in patients with image quality too limited for traditional noncontrast harmonic echocardiography.
43  creative self-efficacy
(6 times)
Cognitive Science
(3 times)
CCB (1 time)
COR (1 time)
MHCs (1 time)
2015 Psychological intervention for improving cognitive function in cancer survivors: a literature review and randomized controlled trial.
44  cystathionase
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CBS (2 times)
3-NT (1 time)
6-ECDCA (1 time)
1983 Cystathionase: a potential cytoplasmic marker of hematopoietic differentiation.
45  celery seed extract
(5 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ET2D (1 time)
FBS (1 time)
LSCM (1 time)
2011 Molecular mechanisms of celery seed extract induced apoptosis via s phase cell cycle arrest in the BGC-823 human stomach cancer cell line.
46  cesarean scar endometriosis
(5 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
AWE (1 time)
2015 Surgical Treatment of Scar Endometriosis Following Cesarean Section, a Series of 12 Cases.
47  cholesterol synthesis enzyme
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ACE (2 times)
ACD-A (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
1999 [Comparison of cholesterol synthesizing enzymes (CSE) inhibitors].
48  Common Standards for Electrocardiography
(5 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ECGs (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
AHA-BIH (1 time)
1992 Data compression for storage of resting ECGs digitized at 500 samples/second.
49  cardiac self-efficacy
(4 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
BMI (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
2009 Self-care behaviour and factors associated with patient outcomes following same-day discharge percutaneous coronary intervention.
50  Chinese Society of Endocrinology
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
ATA (1 time)
ATDs (1 time)
BTA (1 time)
2011 Stratifying and tailoring HbA1c control targets for adults with Type 2 diabetes: interpretation of the consensus proposed by the Chinese Society of Endocrinology.
51  Clearfil SE
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
ABS (1 time)
CS3 (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2009 Fatigue of enamel bonds with self-etch adhesives.
52  contraceptive self-efficacy
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
RCK (1 time)
1984 Contraceptive self-efficacy: a primary prevention strategy.
53  Conventional T1-weighted spin echo
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
SPIO (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CNR (1 time)
1992 [Low flip angle spin-echo MR imaging to obtain better Gd-DTPA enhanced imaging with ECG gating].
54  corn silk extract
(4 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
BHT (1 time)
CS (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2017 Stabilization of Neem Oil Biodiesel with Corn Silk Extract during Long-term Storage.
55  cystathionine gamma-lyase enzyme
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AHR (1 time)
AOAA (1 time)
CDCA (1 time)
2015 Effect of chenodeoxycholic acid and sodium hydrogen sulfide in dinitro benzene sulfonic acid (DNBS)--Induced ulcerative colitis in rats.
56  cell seeding efficiency
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
CSD (1 time)
CSV (1 time)
DoE (1 time)
2006 New technique of seeding chondrocytes into microporous poly(L-lactide-co-epsilon-caprolactone) sponge by cyclic compression force-induced suction.
57  cell sheet engineering
(3 times)
Polymers
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2016 The application of cell sheet engineering in the vascularization of tissue regeneration.
58  Central and South East
(3 times)
Biological Evolution
(1 time)
WCR (2 times)
NW (1 time)
p.a (1 time)
2010 The international limits and population at risk of Plasmodium vivax transmission in 2009.
59  cherry stem extract
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
GA (3 times)
PRE (3 times)
GTE (2 times)
2016 Colour stabilities of sour cherry juice concentrates enhanced with gallic acid and various plant extracts during storage.
60  child support enforcement
(3 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
SSA (1 time)
SSI (1 time)
TANF (1 time)
2001 Improving child support enforcement for children receiving SSI.
61  childhood sexual experiences
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
MSMW (1 time)
1995 Detecting a history of childhood sexual experiences among women substance abusers.
62  Choto-san extract
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
USE (3 times)
CAT (1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
2002 Inhibitory effects of Choto-san (Diao-teng-san), and hooks and stems of Uncaria sinensis on free radical-induced lysis of rat red blood cells.
63  cilia-stopping effect
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
MG (1 time)
1970 Growth and Pathogenesis of Mycoplasma mycoides var. capri in Chicken Embryo Tracheal Organ Cultures.
64  cluster skeletal electrons
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
--- 2010 Unexpected transformation of a diamagnetic Mo3(mu3-S)(mu-S)3 to a paramagnetic Mo3(mu3-S)2(mu-S)3 cluster core by reaction of [Mo3S4(dppe)3Br3]PF6 with (t)BuSNa.
65  cochlear sensory epithelia
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
C1s (1 time)
Cfi (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2001 Heterogeneity of phospholipase C in the cochlea of the guinea pig.
66  Cognitive Status Examination
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
AIS (1 time)
CDT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1990 Utility of the Cognitive Status Examination (CSE) for detection of neuropsychological impairment in substance abuse patients.
67  Community and stakeholder engagement
(3 times)
Ethics
(2 times)
--- 2018 A Framework for Community and Stakeholder Engagement: Experiences From a Multicenter Study in Southern Africa.
68  Cone-shaped epiphyses
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1971 Cone-shaped epiphyses (CSE) in siblings with hereditary renal disease and retinitis pigmentosa.
69  configural superiority effect
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2016 Inhibition drives configural superiority of illusory Gestalt: Combined behavioral and drift-diffusion model evidence.
70  Confusional State Evaluation
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
--- 1997 Confusional State Evaluation (CSE): an instrument for measuring severity of delirium in the elderly.
71  contingent self-esteem
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
FNE (1 time)
SPA (1 time)
2004 Appearance-related social comparisons: the role of contingent self-esteem and self-perceptions of attractiveness.
72  control standard endotoxin
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
LAL (2 times)
ABS (1 time)
BET (1 time)
1989 Recovery of endotoxin preparations from the surface of glass capillary tubes.
73  coping strategy enhancement
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CBTp (1 time)
NHS (1 time)
PS (1 time)
1993 A trial of two cognitive-behavioural methods of treating drug-resistant residual psychotic symptoms in schizophrenic patients: I. Outcome.
74  Cordyceps sinensis extract
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
BMECs (1 time)
COX (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2009 Antiaging effect of Cordyceps sinensis extract.
75  coupled-channel Schrodinger-equation
(3 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
EUV (1 time)
2005 Predissociation mechanism for the lowest 1 Pi u states of N2.
76  cycle of seminiferous epithelium
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
GSI (1 time)
1992 Kinetics of spermatogenesis in megachiropteran bat, Rousettus leschenaulti (Desmarset): seminiferous epithelial cycle, frequency of stages, spermatogonial renewal and germ cell degeneration.
77  gamma-cystathionase
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ALDH (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
CBS (1 time)
2016 Heme-dependent Metabolite Switching Regulates H2S Synthesis in Response to Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress.
78  c-lyase
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CBS (1 time)
I/R (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2018 Vascular Protection of Hydrogen Sulfide on Cerebral Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Rats.
79  C. sappan heartwood
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BRE (2 times)
MBC (1 time)
MBCs (1 time)
2014 Anti-Propionibacterium acnes assay-guided purification of brazilin and preparation of brazilin rich extract from Caesalpinia sappan heartwood.
80  C. sativum extract
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GTCS (1 time)
MCS (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2015 Effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Coriandrum sativum on oxidative damage in pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures in rats.
81  Caesalpinia sappan extract
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
OA (2 times)
COX-2 (1 time)
IL-1 beta (1 time)
2011 Anti-inflammatory activity of an ethanolic Caesalpinia sappan extract in human chondrocytes and macrophages.
82  Camellia oleifera seeds
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
ALT (1 time)
AST (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2019 Camellia oleifera seed extract attenuated abdominal and hepatic fat accumulation in rats fed a high-fat diet.
83  Cassiae Semen extract
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BUN (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
HSHF (1 time)
2013 The activity of lowering intraocular pressure of cassiae seed extract in a DBA/2J mouse glaucoma model.
84  cerebroside sulfated ester
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DCC (1 time)
TLC (1 time)
1981 The application of droplet counter-current chromatography (DCC) for the separation of acidic glycolipids.
85  Child Social Exclusion
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACSC (1 time)
AIHW (1 time)
CSD (1 time)
2013 Social exclusion, deprivation and child health: a spatial analysis of ambulatory care sensitive conditions in children aged 0-4 years in Victoria, Australia.
86  choreoathetosis and spasticity
(2 times)
Epilepsy
(1 time)
CAE (1 time)
EOAE (1 time)
Glut1 (1 time)
1996 A gene for autosomal dominant paroxysmal choreoathetosis/spasticity (CSE) maps to the vicinity of a potassium channel gene cluster on chromosome 1p, probably within 2 cM between D1S443 and D1S197.
87  cigarette smoke water extract
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
Egr-1 (2 times)
CS (1 time)
HO-1 (1 time)
2007 MAPK pathway mediates EGR-1-HSP70-dependent cigarette smoke-induced chemokine production.
88  coenzyme A reductase
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
ICUS (1 time)
2000 Hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors modify the inflammatory response of human macrophages and endothelial cells infected with Chlamydia pneumoniae.
89  cofactor specificity engineering
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CMA (1 time)
GAPD (1 time)
2013 Cofactor modification analysis: a computational framework to identify cofactor specificity engineering targets for strain improvement.
90  coffee silverskin
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AGE (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CGA (1 time)
2019 Phenolic compounds from coffee by-products modulate adipogenesis-related inflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and insulin resistance in adipocytes, via insulin/PI3K/AKT signaling pathways.
91  coherent spontaneous emission
(2 times)
Physics
(1 time)
FEL (1 time)
FEM (1 time)
2000 Self-amplification of coherent spontaneous emission in a cherenkov free-electron maser
92  colistin sulfate
(2 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DAO (2 times)
COS (1 time)
IEL (1 time)
2012 Effect of chito-oligosaccharide on growth performance, intestinal barrier function, intestinal morphology and cecal microflora in weaned pigs.
93  combined Stroop effect
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1992 Stroop effects within and between the cerebral hemispheres: studies in normals and acallosals.
94  commercially sexually exploited
(2 times)
Women's Health
(1 time)
--- 2018 Commercially sexually exploited youths' health care experiences, barriers, and recommendations: A qualitative analysis.
95  computer self-efficacy
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ATI (1 time)
ATT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2019 Usability factors predicting continuance of intention to use cloud e-learning application.
96  computerized scientific exhibit
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
RSNA (1 time)
1994 Computerized scientific exhibit in radiology: a valuable format for delivering scientific information.
97  concurrent strength and endurance
(2 times)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
EO (1 time)
SMD (1 time)
2008 The effect of strength training on three-kilometer performance in recreational women endurance runners.
98  Conditional survival estimates
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
OS (2 times)
ACHBLF (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2015 Conditional survival estimate of acute-on-chronic hepatitis B liver failure: a dynamic prediction based on a multicenter cohort.
99  confidential self-exclusion
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HBs (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
2010 Positivity of HIV, hepatitis B and hepatitis C in patients enrolled in a confidential self-exclusion system of blood donation: a cross-sectional analytical study.
100  Congenital segmental emphysema
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
CCAM (1 time)
2010 Congenital segmental emphysema: an evolving lesion.