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Abbreviation: CSF
Appearance Frequency: 36702 time(s)
Long forms: 288

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cerebrospinal fluid
(34116 times)
Neurology
(9549 times)
AD (2756 times)
CNS (2511 times)
MS (1701 times)
0 Improvement of diagnostic approach to Lyme neuroborreliosis in children by using recombinant antigens in detection of intrathecally produced IgM/IgG.
colony-stimulating factor
(1052 times)
Hematology
(303 times)
GM-CSF (103 times)
GM (91 times)
G-CSF (74 times)
1970 Studies on colony-stimulating factor (CSF): role of the kidney in clearing serum CSF.
classical swine fever
(558 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(302 times)
CSFV (223 times)
DIVA (20 times)
ASF (17 times)
1987 Inhibition of virus replication in the tonsils of pigs previously vaccinated with a Chinese strain vaccine and challenged oronasally with a virulent strain of classical swine fever virus.
contrast sensitivity function
(244 times)
Ophthalmology
(134 times)
cpd (14 times)
VA (14 times)
CS (11 times)
1978 Acuity and contrast sensitivity in 1-, 2-, and 3-month-old human infants.
cytostatic factor
(119 times)
Cell Biology
(41 times)
MPF (28 times)
APC/C (17 times)
APC (14 times)
1972 Sequential synthesis of skin reactive factor (SRF) and cytostatic factor (CSF) in 9 days' human lymphocyte cultures stimulated by phytohemagglutinin (PHA).
coronary slow flow
(86 times)
Cardiology
(44 times)
TIMI (23 times)
TFC (14 times)
CAD (9 times)
2004 The relationship between plasma endothelin-1, nitric oxide levels, and heart rate variability in patients with coronary slow flow.
coronary sinus flow
(24 times)
Cardiology
(17 times)
GCVF (4 times)
CFR (3 times)
CMR (3 times)
1977 Effects of methylprednisolone on coronary blood flow and myocardial metabolism during cardiopulmonary bypass.
central subfield
(21 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
SD-OCT (8 times)
OCT (5 times)
VA (5 times)
2008 Retinal thickness on Stratus optical coherence tomography in people with diabetes and minimal or no diabetic retinopathy.
coronary sinus blood flow
(16 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
LVEDP (3 times)
CVR (2 times)
GCVF (2 times)
1980 Hemodynamic and cardiometabolic effects of prenalterol in patients with gram negative septic shock.
10  circumferential supracrestal fiberotomy
(12 times)
Orthodontics
(7 times)
LLLT (2 times)
RCTs (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
1988 A long-term prospective evaluation of the circumferential supracrestal fiberotomy in alleviating orthodontic relapse.
11  cancer slope factor
(11 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
RfD (4 times)
ILCR (3 times)
PAHs (3 times)
1997 Reassessment of the carcinogenicity of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).
12  calcium stone-forming
(10 times)
Nephrology
(6 times)
BMD (3 times)
ACLT (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1993 Dietary habits of calcium stone formers.
13  caspofungin
(10 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(3 times)
MCF (5 times)
ANF (4 times)
PSC (3 times)
2010 Quantitation of azoles and echinocandins in compartments of peripheral blood by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
14  Comprehensive Soldier Fitness
(9 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
GAT (1 time)
MRTs (1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
2011 Comprehensive soldier fitness: a vision for psychological resilience in the U.S. Army.
15  Certified Safe Farm
(8 times)
Occupational Medicine
(7 times)
RE-AIM (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
LDL (1 time)
2004 Injuries in the Iowa Certified Safe Farm Study.
16  combined severity factor
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
CCD (1 time)
LCC (1 time)
PHL (1 time)
2011 Efficiencies of acid catalysts in the hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass over a range of combined severity factors.
17  critical success factor
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
BSC (1 time)
BSP (1 time)
CART (1 time)
1989 The concept of critical success factors (CSFs) as a planning tool for healthcare managers.
18  granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor
(8 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
IL (4 times)
BM (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
1989 Lymphocytes bearing antigen-specific gamma delta T-cell receptors accumulate in human infectious disease lesions.
19  macrophage-colony-stimulating factor
(8 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
IL (4 times)
LIF (3 times)
TNF (2 times)
1988 Clonal analysis of the actions of the murine leukemia inhibitory factor on leukemic and normal murine hemopoietic cells.
20  concentric square field
(7 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
OF (4 times)
EPM (3 times)
PCA (2 times)
2004 Exploration and risk assessment: a comparative study of male house mice (Mus musculus musculus) and two laboratory strains.
21  configuration state functions
(7 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
CI (2 times)
SD (2 times)
BW (1 time)
2005 Quantum fluctuation of electronic wave-packet dynamics coupled with classical nuclear motions.
22  cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers
(6 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AD (4 times)
DLB (2 times)
t-tau (2 times)
2011 No association of LOXL1 gene polymorphisms with Alzheimer's disease.
23  controlled slow freezing
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
dpp (5 times)
SSV (4 times)
ERDF (3 times)
2013 What is the best cryopreservation protocol for human testicular tissue banking?
24  Cerebrospinal fluid examination
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CNS (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
HaNDL (1 time)
2007 Primary Nocardia meningitis in a patient without a predisposing condition: case report and review of the literature.
25  circular shape factor
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
CVIS (1 time)
ESF (1 time)
IVUS (1 time)
1997 Comparison of lumen area after PTCA by IVUS and QCA.
26  competence and sporulation factor
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
Akt (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
1999 An autoregulatory circuit affecting peptide signaling in Bacillus subtilis.
27  blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CNS (3 times)
BBB (2 times)
IPA (1 time)
1997 Blood-brain barrier permeability and bioavailability of a highly potent and mu-selective opioid receptor antagonist, CTAP: comparison with morphine.
28  cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
AN (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1997 Contemporary management of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea.
29  cervical spine fracture
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
OR (3 times)
CSCI (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
1994 Airway control in trauma patients with cervical spine fractures.
30  chelate-soluble fraction
(4 times)
Food Analysis
(3 times)
AIR (1 time)
BBE (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2012 Extracellular calcium is involved in egg yolk-induced head-to-head agglutination of bull sperm.
31  chronic fatigue syndrome
(4 times)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
CDC (1 time)
LPSs (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
1995 Cell-mediated immune function and the outcome of chronic fatigue syndrome.
32  Congressi Stefano Franscini
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
USA (3 times)
CDC (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
2013 Macromolecular crowding: chemistry and physics meet biology (Ascona, Switzerland, 10-14 June 2012).
33  calcined starfish
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
TCLP (2 times)
CAHs (1 time)
CSHs (1 time)
2014 Assessment of natural and calcined starfish for the amelioration of acidic soil.
34  centrifugation sedimentation flotation
(3 times)
Parasitology
(3 times)
ORs (1 time)
2014 Coprophagy in dogs interferes in the diagnosis of parasitic infections by faecal examination.
35  Cerenkov scatter function
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CDSF (1 time)
DSF (1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
2018 A mathematical deconvolution formulation for superficial dose distribution measurement by Cerenkov light dosimetry.
36  coagulation-flocculation, sedimentation, and sand filtration
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
SPAC (3 times)
PAC (2 times)
MW (1 time)
2018 Identifying, counting, and characterizing superfine activated-carbon particles remaining after coagulation, sedimentation, and sand filtration.
37  constructed soil filter
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DO (1 time)
SBT (1 time)
2008 Municipal wastewater treatment using novel constructed soil filter system.
38  coreless silica fiber
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
DCF (1 time)
LED (1 time)
LOF (1 time)
2008 Lensed fiber probes designed as an alternative to bulk probes in optical coherence tomography.
39  corneal shape factor
(3 times)
Optometry
(2 times)
HVID (2 times)
ICA (2 times)
PA (2 times)
2014 Comparative evaluation of Asian and white ocular topography.
40  CSF compliance measurement
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
CM-I (1 time)
MR (1 time)
SAS (1 time)
1999 Elucidating the pathophysiology of syringomyelia.
41  culture supernatant fluid
(3 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
AP (2 times)
PA (2 times)
RIA (2 times)
1982 Extracellular toxins of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. III. Radioimmunoassay for detection of alkaline protease.
42  Canadian Surgery Forum
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2015 Trends in the Canadian Surgery Forum (CSF): analysis of the CSF program over the past decade.
43  canulated screw fixation
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
AEF (1 time)
AIA (1 time)
AOFAS (1 time)
2016 Cannulated screw fixation and plate fixation for displaced intra-articular calcaneus fracture: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
44  cause-specific failure
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
RT (2 times)
bNED (1 time)
DF (1 time)
2001 Subset analysis of RTOG 85-31 and 86-10 indicates an advantage for long-term vs. short-term adjuvant hormones for patients with locally advanced nonmetastatic prostate cancer treated with radiation therapy.
45  central foveal subfield
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CSME (2 times)
OCT (2 times)
CR (1 time)
2015 Repeatability of Retinal Macular Thickness Measurements in Healthy Subjects and Diabetic Patients with Clinically Significant Macular Edema: Evaluation of the Follow-Up System of Spectralis Optical Coherence Tomography.
46  central subcutaneous fat
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
WHR (2 times)
CTA (1 time)
DEXA (1 time)
2004 [Validation of methods for estimating HIV/AIDS patients' body fat].
47  cerebral spine fluid
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
AQP-4 (1 time)
CT (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2007 Clinical tomographic correlations of 220 patients with neurocisticercosis, Bahia, Brazil.
48  cerebrospinal fluid cytology
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
gdMRI (1 time)
LM (1 time)
pts (1 time)
2015 Leptomeningeal metastasis from solid tumors: a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge.
49  cerebrospinal fluid in the extracerebral space
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
PMA (2 times)
CoGM (1 time)
GM (1 time)
2015 Automatic segmentation of MR brain images of preterm infants using supervised classification.
50  cerebrospinal fluid-contacting
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
EPs (1 time)
INF (1 time)
rhodopsin-ir (1 time)
1988 Coexpression of opsin- and VIP-like-immunoreactivity in CSF-contacting neurons of the avian brain.
51  cerebrovascular fluid
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2009 Is endovascular repair of mycotic aortic aneurysms a durable treatment option?
52  certain safety factor
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
TI (2 times)
GHB (1 time)
SI (1 time)
1991 [Screening of active anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive and antifertility components of Tripterygium wilfordii. III. A comparison of the antiinflammatory and immunosuppressive activities of 7 diterpene lactone epoxide compounds in vivo].
53  cervical spine fusion
(2 times)
Orthopedic Procedures
(1 time)
CSM (2 times)
C2 SVA (1 time)
C7 slope (1 time)
2018 Impact of Cervical Sagittal Alignment on Axial Neck Pain and Health-related Quality of Life After Cervical Laminoplasty in Patients With Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy or Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligament: A Prospective Comparative Study.
54  Chinese Spring Festival
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
Af-CSFD (1 time)
CSFD (1 time)
FF (1 time)
2019 Levels and health risks of PM2.5-bound toxic metals from firework/firecracker burning during festival periods in response to management strategies.
55  chronic sleep fragmentation
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
FST (1 time)
MWM (1 time)
2020 Chronic sleep fragmentation shares similar pathogenesis with neurodegenerative diseases: Endosome-autophagosome-lysosome pathway dysfunction and microglia-mediated neuroinflammation.
56  cisternal fluid
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1975 Blood and CSF acid-base changes, and rate of ventilatory acclimatization of awake dogs to 3,550 m.
57  Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus
(2 times)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
SCSF (1 time)
SFE (1 time)
TCM (1 time)
2020 UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS Analysis for Identification of Lipophilic Components in Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus from Different Origins in China Using Supercritical CO2 Fluid Extraction Method.
58  clinical service form
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(2 times)
FMI (2 times)
HF (2 times)
LF (2 times)
2014 The effect of formulation and food consumption on the bioavailability of dovitinib (TKI258) in patients with advanced solid tumors.
59  Cloudwave Signal Format
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ECG (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2015 A scalable neuroinformatics data flow for electrophysiological signals using MapReduce.
60  collagenase soluble fraction
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2000 Increased glycoxidation and lipoperoxidation in the collagen of the myocardium in hemodialysis patients.
61  colony-stimulating factor activity
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
111In (1 time)
f-MLP (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
1980 111Indium-labeled human alveolar macrophages and monocytes: function and ultrastructure.
62  comparative study of cytological
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1975 [Cytodiagnosis of central nervous systems tumors: comparative study of cytological (CSF) and histological results (author's transl)].
63  competence- and sporulation-stimulating factor
(2 times)
Host-Parasite Interactions
(1 time)
--- 1996 Purification and characterization of an extracellular peptide factor that affects two different developmental pathways in Bacillus subtilis.
64  complexing sugar flush
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2003 Use of tracer tests to evaluate the impact of enhanced-solubilization flushing on in-situ biodegradation.
65  compound saffron formula
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(2 times)
CVDs (2 times)
TCM (2 times)
2016 Systems-Pharmacology Dissection of Traditional Chinese Medicine Compound Saffron Formula Reveals Multi-scale Treatment Strategy for Cardiovascular Diseases.
66  congenital stapes fixation
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ABG (1 time)
JO (1 time)
PTA-ABG (1 time)
2016 A meta-analysis of surgical success rates in congenital stapes fixation and juvenile otosclerosis.
67  constant stimulation frequencies
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
DSF (1 time)
GM (1 time)
SCI (1 time)
1997 Stimulation frequency history alters length-force characteristics of fully recruited rat muscle.
68  continuous flooding irrigation
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
IT (2 times)
ET (1 time)
MTC (1 time)
2003 [Water requirement of paddy field under different soil water conditions].
69  corneal stromal fibroblasts
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CEC (2 times)
ER (2 times)
PDI (2 times)
2001 Subcellular localization of procollagen I and prolyl 4-hydroxylase in corneal endothelial cells.
70  coronary slow-flow phenomenon
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
Hcy (1 time)
LVEF (1 time)
MACE (1 time)
2013 [Occurrence and prognosis of coronary slow flow in emergency percutaneous coronary intervention: correlations with homocysteine].
71  craniospinal fluid
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
SFOP (1 time)
1996 Use of transcranial real-time ultrasonography for programming a shunt valve system.
72  CS flow
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
FFR (2 times)
CFR (1 time)
2018 Absolute Myocardial Blood Flow After Elective Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Evaluated on Phase-Contrast Cine Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
73  CSF penetration was calculated from the AUC
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(2 times)
EGFR (1 time)
NHP (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2008 The plasma and cerebrospinal fluid pharmacokinetics of erlotinib and its active metabolite (OSI-420) after intravenous administration of erlotinib in non-human primates.
74  CSF pulsation and tissue motion
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
CC (1 time)
CORSICA (1 time)
2018 Robust spinal cord resting-state fMRI using independent component analysis-based nuisance regression noise reduction.
75  CSF resorption in the venous system, and thereby reduce intracranial
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IIH (1 time)
2011 Transverse sinus stenting for idiopathic intracranial hypertension: a review of 52 patients and of model predictions.
76  cyclohexane soluble fraction
(2 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1998 Pulmonary effects of inhaled dust and fumes: exposure-response study in rubber workers.
77  artificial spinal fluid
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
icvt (1 time)
1986 Intracerebroventricular infusion of aldosterone induces hypertension in rats.
78  B-cell activation in the proximity of the disease target organ
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
GA (1 time)
IFN-beta (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2010 Preferential increase of B-cell activating factor in the cerebrospinal fluid of neuromyelitis optica in a white population.
79  blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB), PS
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
BBB (3 times)
BCSFB (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1997 Kinetic evidence for active efflux transport across the blood-brain barrier of quinolone antibiotics.
80  C. spinosa L. fruit
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
MS (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2010 Anti-inflammatory effects of caper (Capparis spinosa L.) fruit aqueous extract and the isolation of main phytochemicals.
81  cabbage-stalk flour
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PCF (1 time)
2020 Antimicrobial, antioxidant, volatile and phenolic profiles of cabbage-stalk and pineapple-crown flour revealed by GC-MS and UPLC-MSE.
82  Calcaires a Spatangues Formation
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Fossil echinoid (Echinoidea, Echinodermata) diversity of the Early Cretaceous (Hauterivian) in the Paris Basin (France).
83  calcium stone formation
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
UPJO (1 time)
2001 Ureteropelvic junction obstruction and coexisting renal calculi in children: role of metabolic abnormalities.
84  calf skinfold
(1 time)
Health
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
BC (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2020 Relationship between fitness performance and a newly developed continuous body composition score in U.S. adolescent boys.
85  Canada standard freeness
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AmimCl (1 time)
BMIMCl (1 time)
ILs (1 time)
2013 Improved refining properties of pulps pretreated with ionic liquids under mild conditions.
86  Cancer suppressive factor
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1982 Purification and characterization of cancer suppressive factor.
87  cane sugar factor
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CVF (1 time)
1990 Cane sugar factor as an inducing agent of immunity in Galleria mellonella.
88  Canine skin fibroblast
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Cloning and expression of canine clotting factor IX cDNAin vitro mediated by retroviral vector.
89  cap-site factor
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1986 A wheat germ cap-site factor functional in protein chain initiation.
90  capillary segment-looking formations
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
CAC (1 time)
1983 Signs of capillary formation in the early phase of wound healing in children.
91  carbon sequestration factor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2013 Evaluation of a classification method for biodegradable solid wastes using anaerobic degradation parameters.
92  Carbon sink assessment scheme based on its forming processes
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
ER (1 time)
ERC (1 time)
2018 Assessing the regional carbon sink with its forming processes- a case study of Liaoning province, China.
93  carbon sink flux
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DIC (1 time)
DOC (1 time)
FAOC (1 time)
2020 Temporal variations in riverine hydrochemistry and estimation of the carbon sink produced by coupled carbonate weathering with aquatic photosynthesis on land: an example from the Xijiang River, a large subtropical karst-dominated river in China.
94  carbon storage factor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
CP (1 time)
HOD (1 time)
2013 Decomposition of forest products buried in landfills.
95  carbonate structural Fe(II)
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2017 Opposite effects of dissolved oxygen on the removal of As(III) and As(V) by carbonate structural Fe(II).
96  carcinogenic slope factors
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HI (1 time)
IEUBK (1 time)
PXRF (1 time)
2019 Human exposure and risk associated with trace element concentrations in indoor dust from Australian homes.
97  care unit.Cerebrospinal fluid
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GBS (1 time)
HEV (1 time)
2017 Brainstem encephalitis and acute polyneuropathy associated with hepatitis E infection.
98  cartilage surface fibrillation
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
CT (1 time)
IVUS (1 time)
2018 In-Vitro Detection of Small Isolated Cartilage Defects: Intravascular Ultrasound Vs. Optical Coherence Tomography.
99  Cascade of Shrinkage Fields
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
SF (1 time)
2019 Learning Interleaved Cascade of Shrinkage Fields for Joint Image Dehazing and Denoising.
100  Cassava starch foam
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
EPS (1 time)
2014 Characterization of cassava starch based foam blended with plant proteins, kraft fiber, and palm oil.