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Abbreviation: CSG
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Long forms: 124

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
chronic superficial gastritis
(54 times)
Gastroenterology
(17 times)
CAG (26 times)
GC (20 times)
IM (16 times)
1985 Immunoreactive inhibin-like material in serum and gastric juice of patients with benign and malignant diseases of the stomach.
coal seam gas
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
Al (1 time)
CRAA (1 time)
CSGAW (1 time)
2012 The effect of zeolite treatment by acids on sodium adsorption ratio of coal seam gas water.
cross-sectional geometric
(11 times)
Anthropology
(10 times)
EC (1 time)
MTs (1 time)
2007 Relative strength of the tibia and fibula and locomotor behavior in hominoids.
Child Support Grant
(7 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
CT (1 time)
CTs (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2012 Why do families still not receive the child support grant in South Africa? A longitudinal analysis of a cohort of families across South Africa.
constructive solid geometry
(7 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
APBI (1 time)
BREP (1 time)
dpa (1 time)
1993 A new composite model of objects for Monte Carlo simulation of radiological imaging.
cress seed gum
(6 times)
Carbohydrates
(3 times)
AG (2 times)
BSG (2 times)
ALG (1 time)
2013 Effect of glycerol concentration on edible film production from cress seed carbohydrate gum.
coronary stent graft
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ASA (1 time)
CAAs (1 time)
DES (1 time)
1999 Early clinical experience with the implantation of a novel synthetic coronary stent graft.
cranial sensory ganglia
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CNP (2 times)
DRG (2 times)
MTN (2 times)
2009 Cranial sensory ganglia neurons require intrinsic N-cadherin function for guidance of afferent fibers to their final targets.
cell surface glycoprotein
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
--- 1995 Structure and heterologous expression of the gene encoding the cell surface glycoprotein from Haloarcula japonica strain TR-1.
10  Cochrane Skin Group
(3 times)
Skin Diseases
(1 time)
CDSR (1 time)
DALYs (1 time)
GBD (1 time)
2006 Cochrane Skin Group systematic reviews are more methodologically rigorous than other systematic reviews in dermatology.
11  complicated spiritual grief
(3 times)
Health Services
(3 times)
ICSG (2 times)
CG (1 time)
ICSG 2.0 (1 time)
2014 Inventory of complicated spiritual grief: development and validation of a new measure.
12  calculated SG
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IM-IVGTT (1 time)
IVGTT (1 time)
NONPROG (1 time)
2018 Assessment of glucose effectiveness from short IVGTT in individuals with different degrees of glucose tolerance.
13  California serogroup
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2017 California Serogroup Virus Infection Associated with Encephalitis and Cognitive Decline, Canada, 2015.
14  cancer susceptibility gene
(2 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
CMA (1 time)
CNVs (1 time)
GLO-1 (1 time)
1983 Genetic linkage analysis in a high-risk cancer family: HLA and 24 other markers.
15  cannulated screw group
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
RPG (1 time)
SCSG (1 time)
2014 Minimally invasive treatment of clavicular fractures with cannulated screw.
16  canonical spin glass
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
--- 2017 Glassy magnetic ground state and Kondo-like behaviour in Mn10FeGe8 alloy.
17  cervical superior ganglion
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
GD (1 time)
SSG (1 time)
1992 [Decrease of pineal AMPc and TOH activity in the superior cervical ganglia after ablation of submaxillary glands in rats].
18  Channa striata gill
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AO/EB (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
CSK (1 time)
2014 Development and characterization of a new gill cell line from air breathing fish Channa striatus (Bloch 1793) and its application in toxicology: direct comparison to the acute fish toxicity.
19  chia seed gum
(2 times)
Food Analysis
(1 time)
CPI (1 time)
CSO (1 time)
S-FTIR (1 time)
2016 Molecular and functional characteristics of purified gum from Australian chia seeds.
20  chimney stent graft
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
CFD (1 time)
CSB (1 time)
2015 Numerical analysis of the hemodynamics of an abdominal aortic aneurysm repaired using the endovascular chimney technique.
21  chitosan-gelatin
(2 times)
Nanomedicine
(1 time)
TC (1 time)
Ti (1 time)
2017 In Vitro and In Vivo Evaluation of Tetracycline Loaded Chitosan-Gelatin Nanosphere Coatings for Titanium Surface Functionalization.
22  chronic simple glaucoma
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
FC (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
1990 The progress of the visual field in chronic simple glaucoma and ocular hypertension treated topically with pilocarpine or with timolol.
23  cigarette smoke group
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CG (2 times)
BALF (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2016 The administration of a high refined carbohydrate diet promoted an increase in pulmonary inflammation and oxidative stress in mice exposed to cigarette smoke.
24  cluster spin-glass
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
AFM (1 time)
FE-AF (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2014 Correlated cluster mean-field theory for spin-glass systems.
25  Cochrane Schizophrenia Group
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
MD (2 times)
RCTs (2 times)
RR (2 times)
2013 Psychosocial interventions for people with both severe mental illness and substance misuse.
26  Cochrane Stroke Group
(2 times)
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
(1 time)
i.v (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2001 [Strategy for circulatory disturbance].
27  composite sol-gel
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
TCE (1 time)
2006 Oxidation of gas phase trichloroethylene and toluene using composite sol-gel TiO2 photocatalytic coatings.
28  concentrated surfactant-based gel
(2 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
eDNA (1 time)
EPS (1 time)
2018 Case series of 18 patients with lower extremity wounds treated with a concentrated surfactant-based geldressing.
29  conventional surgery group
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ESG (1 time)
LSG (1 time)
LSRC (1 time)
2006 A comparative clinical study of short-term results of laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer during the learning curve.
30  cool-season grasses
(2 times)
Horses
(2 times)
NSC (2 times)
2018 Glucose and Insulin Response of Horses Grazing Alfalfa, Perennial Cool-Season Grass, and Teff Across Seasons.
31  coping skills group
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CBT (1 time)
2006 Evaluation of a coping skills group following traumatic brain injury.
32  Council for State Governments
(2 times)
Psychotherapy
(1 time)
APTA (1 time)
FSBPT (1 time)
LSI-R (1 time)
2017 The Physical Therapy Compact: From Development to Implementation.
33  (CPI)-chia seed gum
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CPI (1 time)
CSO (1 time)
MEE (1 time)
2016 Microencapsulation of chia seed oil using chia seed protein isolate-chia seed gum complex coacervates.
34  cadaveric scleral graft
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ATIIO (1 time)
RD (1 time)
2010 Scleral Graft and Muscle Transposition in the Treatment of Scleromalacia and Hypertropia Following Retinal Detachment Surgery.
35  Calcium supplementation group
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
p38 MAPK (1 time)
2020 Role of Ca⁺ in Inhibiting Ischemia-Induced Apoptosis of Parathyroid Gland Cells in New Zealand White Rabbits.
36  California serologic group
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1998 [Arboviruses and arbovirus infections in the forest steppe zone of Ukraine].
37  Cancer Support Group
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2006 Evaluation of a cancer awareness campaign: experience with a selected population in Karachi.
38  CaO-SiO2-B2O3 glass ceramic
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CPP (1 time)
W3G (1 time)
2005 Biomechanical and histomorphometric study on the bone-screw interface of bioactive ceramic-coated titanium screws.
39  Captopril and high dose Salvianolate group
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CAG (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
HMI (1 time)
2015 [Effects of Salvianolate on Myosin Heavy Chain in Cardiomyocytes of Congestive Heart Failure Rats].
40  carbon microsphere-assisted sol-gel
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2016 Simultaneous enhancement of magnetic and ferroelectric properties in Dy and Cr co-doped BiFeO3 nanoparticles.
41  carcinoma submandibular gland cell line
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
BBB (1 time)
BMEC (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2007 Flt-1, but not Flk-1 mediates hyperpermeability through activation of the PI3-K/Akt pathway.
42  cardiac self-gating
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MOG (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2017 Self-gated fetal cardiac MRI with tiny golden angle iGRASP: A feasibility study.
43  Caregiver Support Groups
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2008 [Features of support groups for the caregivers of relatives with Alzheimer's disease: an exploratory analysis].
44  caries strategy in Greenland
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 The impact of a national caries strategy in Greenland after 4 years.
45  caries-susceptible group
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CRG (1 time)
2008 Lipids in human parotid saliva with regard to caries experience.
46  carotid stent grafting
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
OCEAE (1 time)
2003 [Comparative assessment of the results of open carotid endarterectomy and carotid aftery stenting].
47  carotid-sphygmographic
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACG (1 time)
GS-KCG (1 time)
NA (1 time)
1979 Genesis of the sphygmogram from the kinetocardiogram.
48  cartilage shield graft
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
TP (1 time)
2017 Outcomes of type I tympanoplasty using a cartilage shield graft in patients with poor prognostic factors.
49  case study generator
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2012 Influence of characteristics on combined sewer performance.
50  cashew gum
(1 time)
Drug Delivery Systems
(1 time)
ACG (1 time)
KYG (1 time)
2016 Thermochemical Properties of Hydrophilic Polymers from Cashew and Khaya Exudates and Their Implications on Drug Delivery.
51  catastrophizing
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CDH (1 time)
TMD (1 time)
2007 A psychological comparison of temporomandibular disorder and chronic daily headache: are there targets for therapeutic interventions?
52  Caulis Sargentodoxae Granule
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
Flk-1 (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2009 [Effects of Caulis Sargentodoxae Granule on expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor and its receptor-2 in rats with endometriosis].
53  causing gastritis and chronic superficial infection
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Helicobacter pylori and food products: a public health problem.
54  cephalic salivary gland
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CHCs (1 time)
PPG (1 time)
2018 Is the Salivary Gland Associated with Honey Bee Recognition Compounds in Worker Honey Bees (Apis mellifera)?
55  ceramide-specific glucosyltransferase
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
GBA (1 time)
GC (1 time)
GD (1 time)
2005 Miglustat (NB-DNJ) works as a chaperone for mutated acid beta-glucosidase in cells transfected with several Gaucher disease mutations.
56  cervical spinal ganglion
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
CRs (1 time)
GG (1 time)
SCG (1 time)
1995 Morphometric analysis of neurons in ganglia: geniculate, submandibular, cervical spinal and superior cervical.
57  cervical sympathetic ganglion
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
US (1 time)
2015 Ultrasound Features of Middle Cervical Sympathetic Ganglion.
58  cesarean section group
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
PPH (1 time)
SG (1 time)
2011 Symphysiotomy: Is it obsolete?
59  Chaihuguizhiganjiang-suanzaoren granule
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ISI (1 time)
PSQI (1 time)
TCM (1 time)
2016 Efficacy and safety of the Chaihuguizhiganjiang-suanzaoren granule on primary insomnia: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.
60  channel-structured graphene
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CDI (1 time)
2019 3D Channel-structured graphene as efficient electrodes for capacitive deionization.
61  chemical shotgun
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Identification of the specific binding proteins of bioactive small compound using affinity resins.
62  chemotherapy and surgery group
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ICER (1 time)
LYs (1 time)
NCCN (1 time)
2014 Cost-utility analysis of the newly recommended adjuvant chemotherapy for resectable gastric cancer patients in the 2011 Chinese National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Gastric Cancer.
63  chemotherapy-sensitive group
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CRG (1 time)
MGC (1 time)
2017 MicroRNA-21 contributes to the discrimination of chemoresistance in metastatic gastric cancer.
64  Child Study Group
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1996 Multidisciplinary evaluation of preschool children in a military psychiatry clinic: a 10-year comparison and a brief outcome study.
65  Children's Support Group alone
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
SPSG (1 time)
1985 Evaluating a primary prevention program for children of divorce.
66  chitosan gel
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CCD (1 time)
HBANSA (1 time)
2017 Simultaneous removal of Cd(II), Ni(II), Pb(II) and Cu(II) ions via their complexation with HBANSA based on a combined ultrasound-assisted and cloud point adsorption method using CSG-BiPO4/FePO4 as novel adsorbent: FAAS detection and optimization process.
67  chitosan glutamate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
Gly (1 time)
PL (1 time)
Ser (1 time)
2016 Sponge-Like Dressings Based on the Association of Chitosan and Sericin for the Treatment of Chronic Skin Ulcers. II. Loading of the Hemoderivative Platelet Lysate.
68  chitosan hydrogel
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BMMSCs (1 time)
BMP-2 (1 time)
BTE (1 time)
2017 3D- Printed Poly(epsilon-caprolactone) Scaffold Integrated with Cell-laden Chitosan Hydrogels for Bone Tissue Engineering.
69  chondroitin sulfate and gelatin
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Pathological analysis of local delivery of paclitaxel via a polymer-coated stent.
70  chronic septic granulomatosis
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Chronic granulomatous disease with gastric antral narrowing: a study and follow-up by MRI.
71  chronic spleen deficiency gastritis
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CAG (1 time)
G-SQD (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2005 Study on the pathophysiologic basis of classification of 'spleen' deficiency in chronic gastritis.
72  chronic stage group
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
ASG (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
CTX (1 time)
1986 [The penetration of cefotaxime into the cerebrospinal fluid. Comparison between acute and chronic stages in intracranial diseases].
73  Churg Strauss Granulomatosis
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
NSG (1 time)
PHG (1 time)
WG (1 time)
1987 Necrotising sarcoidal granulomatosis: a problem of identity. A study of seven cases.
74  circumferential sequential gradient compression
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
PSR (1 time)
PU (1 time)
2007 Comparison of three intermittent pneumatic compression systems in patients with varicose veins: a hemodynamic study.
75  citrate sol gel
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
BMT (1 time)
MSF (1 time)
PXRD (1 time)
2015 Zn(1-x)Cu(x)O (0.02 ≤ x ≤ 0.1) Nanomaterials Prepared by Ball Milling, Citrate Sol Gel, and Molten Salt Flux Methods.
76  Clinical Screening Group
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1995 Current status of Taxotere (docetaxel) as a new treatment in breast cancer.
77  clinical severity grade
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
GCK (1 time)
RAI (1 time)
RSI (1 time)
2014 Phenotypic severity of homozygous GCK mutations causing neonatal or childhood-onset diabetes is primarily mediated through effects on protein stability.
78  Clinical Studies Group
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
MCRN (1 time)
2009 Prioritising neonatal medicines research: UK Medicines for Children Research Network scoping survey.
79  clinically stable group
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MPG (1 time)
1990 When is it safe to stop patching?
80  cluster-size growth
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Cluster-size dynamics: A phenomenological model for the interaction between coagulation and fragmentation processes.
81  coherence selection gradient
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CRAZED (1 time)
DDF (1 time)
iDQC (1 time)
2013 Intermolecular double-quantum coherence imaging without coherence selection gradients and its application in in vivo MRI.
82  colonic surgery group
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
EPSBO (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2008 Risk factors for early postoperative small-bowel obstruction after colectomy in colorectal cancer.
83  color symmetry groups
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1992 The chirality of ground DNA knots and links.
84  columellar strut graft
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
TCSS (1 time)
2018 A New Method for Stabilizing the Columellar Strut Used in Rhinoplasty: The Trans-Septal Columellar Stabilizing Suture.
85  combined appendiceal schistosomiasis and goblet cell carcinoid
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
ASO (1 time)
GCC (1 time)
NA (1 time)
2012 Schistosomiasis may contribute to goblet cell carcinoid of the appendix.
86  completely self-guided
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
iTAU (1 time)
LITG (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
2016 An Internet-Based Intervention for Depression in Primary Care in Spain: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
87  complex selection graph
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2003 Ancestral processes for non-neutral models of complex diseases.
88  composite skin graft
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1993 [The effects of bFGF on the contraction of composite skin grafts].
89  compound starch granules
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
IP (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
2004 Comparative ultrastructure of Ilpumbyeo, a high-quality japonica rice, and its mutant, Suweon 464: scanning and transmission electron microscopy studies.
90  confirmatory serum glucose
(1 time)
POCG (1 time)
2016 Improving the Diagnosis of Neonatal Hypoglycemia in a Well-Baby Nursery.
91  Consejo de Salubridad General
(1 time)
Economics, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
CBCISS (1 time)
2014 The Update of the Mexican Health Care Formulary and Supply Catalog in the Context of the Health Technology Assessment.
92  continental stock groups
(1 time)
Ecological and Environmental Processes
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
SE (1 time)
2019 Spatial synchrony in the response of a long range migratory species (Salmo salar) to climate change in the North Atlantic Ocean.
93  continuous stellate ganglion
(1 time)
Pain
(1 time)
CIBP (1 time)
CRPS (1 time)
NPSS (1 time)
2012 Management of complex regional pain syndrome type I in upper extremity-evaluation of continuous stellate ganglion block and continuous infraclavicular brachial plexus block: a pilot study.
94  control subjects group
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
HN (1 time)
2017 Prevalence of Hyponatremia and Its Associated Morbimortality in Hospitalized Patients Receiving Parenteral Nutrition.
95  conventional skin grafts
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CTA (1 time)
LEW (1 time)
SCTT (1 time)
2010 In vivo observations of cell trafficking in allotransplanted vascularized skin flaps and conventional skin grafts.
96  conventional sol-gel
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
MSG (1 time)
SPS (1 time)
2018 Enhancement of magnetic properties through morphology control of SrFe12O19 nanocrystallites.
97  conventional sol-gel method
(1 time)
Biomimetics
(1 time)
SPC (1 time)
2019 Investigation of citric acid-assisted sol-gel synthesis coupled to the self-propagating combustion method for preparing bioactive glass with high structural homogeneity.
98  conventional Stamm gastrostomy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
GAMSG (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
PRG (1 time)
2010 Polytetrafluoroethylene (Gore-Tex) tube used as a support conduit in open gastrostomy: report of a new technique.
99  conventional sterile gauzes
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ABS (1 time)
TRA (1 time)
2018 Ankaferd blood stopper as a new strategy to avoid early complications after transradial procedures: A randomized clinical trial.
100  conventional strabismus surgery
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Competitive analysis of intraoperative adjustable suture with conventional suture technique in strabismus surgery.