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Abbreviation: CSI
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Long forms: 355

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
chemical shift imaging
(256 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(117 times)
MRS (27 times)
MRI (21 times)
SNR (19 times)
1988 Estimation of the biological value of food proteins by a modified equation of the essential amino acid index and the chemical score.
craniospinal irradiation
(223 times)
Neoplasms
(164 times)
OS (31 times)
RT (29 times)
CNS (20 times)
1991 The change in patterns of relapse in medulloblastoma.
cervical spine injury
(78 times)
Emergency Medicine
(17 times)
CT (16 times)
GCS (7 times)
MRI (6 times)
1989 Coincidence of head and cervical spine injury.
cholesterol saturation index
(72 times)
Gastroenterology
(34 times)
NT (6 times)
HMG-CoA (5 times)
TC (5 times)
1979 Nucleation time: a key factor in the pathogenesis of cholesterol gallstone disease.
Caregiver Strain Index
(58 times)
Rehabilitation
(16 times)
QOL (4 times)
BI (3 times)
CI (3 times)
1983 Validation of a Caregiver Strain Index.
cerebral state index
(49 times)
Anesthesiology
(22 times)
BIS (14 times)
TCI (6 times)
CSM (5 times)
2005 Comparative evaluation of the cerebral state index and the bispectral index during target-controlled infusion of propofol.
channel state information
(45 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(29 times)
MIMO (8 times)
DF (4 times)
SWIPT (4 times)
2012 An Algorithm That Predicts CSI to Allocate Bandwidth for Healthcare Monitoring in Hospital's Waiting Rooms.
clinical stage I
(39 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
NSGCT (9 times)
RPLND (6 times)
AS (4 times)
1984 Unilateral retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in patients with non-seminomatous testicular tumor in clinical stage I.
Central Sensitization Inventory
(32 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
CS (14 times)
CSS (6 times)
FM (3 times)
2012 The development and psychometric validation of the central sensitization inventory.
10  chlorosulfonyl isocyanate
(20 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
AChE (3 times)
BChE (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1984 Surface modification of polycarbonate with synthetic polyelectrolyte-anticoagulant activity.
11  continuous subcutaneous infusion
(20 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
rhGH (3 times)
G-CSF (2 times)
IGF-I (2 times)
1987 [Antitumor effects and pulmonary toxicity of bleomycin administered by continuous subcutaneous infusion in patients with advanced cervical cancer].
12  cumulative stress index
(20 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
LBNP (17 times)
DNP (4 times)
HR (3 times)
1989 Adaptation to repeated presyncopal lower body negative pressure exposures.
13  Children's Somatization Inventory
(19 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
IBS (2 times)
SDQ (2 times)
AN (1 time)
2001 Ukrainian application of the Children's Somatization Inventory: psychometric properties and associations with internalizing symptoms.
14  corticosteroid injection
(19 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
VAS (5 times)
ESWT (3 times)
WS (2 times)
2005 Intralesional corticosteroid injection versus extracorporeal shock wave therapy for plantar fasciopathy.
15  cigarette smoke inhalation
(17 times)
Dentistry
(15 times)
BIC (4 times)
RESV (3 times)
BA (2 times)
2004 Matrix metalloproteinase-2 may be involved with increased bone loss associated with experimental periodontitis and smoking: a study in rats.
16  Computerized Severity Index
(15 times)
Health Services
(5 times)
APACHE II (2 times)
DRGs (2 times)
HELP (2 times)
1986 The Computerized Severity Index. A new tool for case-mix management.
17  coronary stenosis index
(14 times)
Vascular Diseases
(7 times)
CAD (4 times)
MI (4 times)
FMD (2 times)
1982 Atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries in collagen disease and allied disorders, with special reference to vasculitis as a preceding lesion of coronary atherosclerosis.
18  cough severity index
(14 times)
Otolaryngology
(7 times)
RSI (3 times)
CAT (2 times)
CC (1 time)
1998 The relationship between caries activity and the status of dental caries--application of the Dentocult SM method.
19  cardiac sympathetic index
(13 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
HRV (5 times)
CVI (4 times)
ANS (2 times)
2006 Hyperthermia induced atrial natriuretic peptide expression and deviant heart development in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar embryos.
20  closed-state inactivation
(13 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
Kv (3 times)
OSI (2 times)
BrS (1 time)
2006 Na channel inactivation from open and closed states.
21  choroid-sclera interface
(12 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
BM (3 times)
OCT (3 times)
RPE (3 times)
2012 Automated choroidal segmentation of 1060 nm OCT in healthy and pathologic eyes using a statistical model.
22  combined sensory index
(12 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
CTS (7 times)
CMAP (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
1998 Strategies for analyzing nerve conduction data: superiority of a summary index over single tests.
23  comprehensive smoking index
(11 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
BMI (3 times)
SSc (2 times)
AORs (1 time)
2004 A comprehensive index for the modeling of smoking history in periodontal research.
24  contrast score index
(11 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
WMSI (8 times)
AMI (5 times)
PCI (5 times)
1998 Tissue-type plasminogen activator therapy versus primary coronary angioplasty: impact on myocardial tissue perfusion and regional function 1 month after uncomplicated myocardial infarction.
25  conventional syringe irrigation
(11 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
PUI (7 times)
CHX (3 times)
EA (3 times)
2015 Efficacy of different irrigation techniques in the removal of calcium hydroxide from a simulated internal root resorption cavity.
26  cavernous sinus invasion
(10 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
MRI (3 times)
CISS (2 times)
CS (2 times)
2004 Magnetic resonance imaging of cavernous sinus invasion by pituitary adenoma diagnostic criteria and surgical findings.
27  confocal spectral imaging
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
MIDL (3 times)
MITOX (2 times)
MTX (2 times)
1997 Localization and molecular interactions of mitoxantrone within living K562 cells as probed by confocal spectral imaging analysis.
28  coronary stent implantation
(10 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
PTCA (5 times)
SVD (5 times)
CRP (2 times)
1997 New Perspectives on the Cost-Effectiveness of Palmaz-Schatz Coronary Stenting, Balloon Angioplasty, and Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery N A Decision Model Analysis.
29  cue-stimulus interval
(10 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
RSI (3 times)
RTs (3 times)
EEG (2 times)
2001 Automatic and intentional activation of task sets.
30  cell secretory index
(9 times)
Histology
(3 times)
GIP (3 times)
IR (3 times)
PYY (3 times)
1997 Image analysis of the duodenal endocrine cells in mice with particular regard to optical densitometry.
31  chitin synthesis inhibitor
(9 times)
Zoology
(4 times)
DFB (2 times)
IGR (2 times)
DD (1 time)
1986 Effects of chitin synthesis inhibitors on incorporation of nucleosides into DNA and RNA in a cell line from Manduca sexta (L).
32  cold-spray ionization
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
ESI (3 times)
MS (3 times)
obs (2 times)
2002 Design and synthesis of a novel magnetic resonance imaging contrast agent for selective sensing of zinc ion.
33  cortical stab injury
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ATA (1 time)
CR (1 time)
dpi (1 time)
2006 Up-regulation of ectonucleotidase activity after cortical stab injury in rats.
34  cortisol suppression index
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
DST (4 times)
MDD (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
1982 Cortisol suppression index: a new approach to interpreting the DST in depression.
35  Celiac Symptom Index
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
CD (5 times)
GFD (3 times)
IBS (2 times)
2009 A validated disease-specific symptom index for adults with celiac disease.
36  Chippaux-Smirak index
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
AI (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
FA (2 times)
2008 Foot structure in overweight and obese children.
37  Cholesterol-Saturated Fat Index
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
CBD (1 time)
CHD (1 time)
TC (1 time)
1986 The cholesterol/saturated-fat index: an indication of the hypercholesterolaemic and atherogenic potential of food.
38  Chromosaponin I
(7 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
Col (2 times)
1-NOA (1 time)
AVG (1 time)
1994 Antioxidative effects of dihydro-gamma-pyronyl-triterpenoid saponin (chromosaponin I).
39  Clinical Scene Investigator
(7 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
AACN (6 times)
EPM (1 time)
NSCU (1 time)
2011 Clinical Science Investigation (CSI) Canterbury: surgical gown length and blood inside gumboots.
40  clinically significant injury
(7 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
CT (3 times)
CI (2 times)
A/P (1 time)
2001 Relevance of the number of positive bottles in determining clinical significance of coagulase-negative staphylococci in blood cultures.
41  Cognitive Stability Index
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BC (3 times)
AD/HD (1 time)
ANAM (1 time)
2002 Development and validation of a web-based screening tool for monitoring cognitive status.
42  Compressive spectral imaging
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
CASSI (2 times)
C-CASSI (1 time)
CAs (1 time)
2014 Colored coded aperture design by concentration of measure in compressive spectral imaging.
43  compressive strength index
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
BMD (5 times)
FN (3 times)
FN_BMD (2 times)
2010 Association analyses of vitamin D-binding protein gene with compression strength index variation in Caucasian nuclear families.
44  Coping Strategies Inventory
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
CBGT (2 times)
PD (2 times)
QOL (2 times)
2007 Spanish version of the Coping Strategies Inventory.
45  Carotid Stenosis Index
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
CCA (4 times)
ICA (4 times)
NASCET (3 times)
1994 Clinical applicability of methods to measure carotid stenosis.
46  confidence set inference
(6 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
COGA (1 time)
CSI-MLS (1 time)
GEE (1 time)
2005 A confidence set inference procedure for gene mapping using markers with incomplete polymorphism.
47  Constipation Severity Instrument
(6 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
BFT (1 time)
BSC (1 time)
CR-QOL (1 time)
2012 Whole-body vibration for functional constipation: a single-centre, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial.
48  corticostatin I
(6 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
--- 1988 Isolation and structure of corticostatin peptides from rabbit fetal and adult lung.
49  cervical stromal invasion
(5 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
EC (2 times)
LVI (2 times)
LVSI (2 times)
2002 Predictors of lymphatic failure in endometrial cancer.
50  Children's Saving Inventory
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
BAI (1 time)
BDI (1 time)
COIS (1 time)
1991 Coping with cancer in remission: stressors and strategies reported by children and adolescents.
51  chronic social instability
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
3-HK (1 time)
ACE (1 time)
aSI (1 time)
2017 Chronic social instability in adult female rats alters social behavior, maternal aggression and offspring development.
52  cognate site identification
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
ChIP (1 time)
COSMIC (1 time)
FID (1 time)
2008 CSI-Tree: a regression tree approach for modeling binding properties of DNA-binding molecules based on cognate site identification (CSI) data.
53  Cognitive Symptoms Inventory
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
SLE (5 times)
HADS (2 times)
RA (2 times)
2002 Systemic lupus erythematosus in three ethnic groups. X. Measuring cognitive impairment with the cognitive symptoms inventory.
54  compound Salvia injection
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
ET-1 (2 times)
CHD (1 time)
CK-BB (1 time)
2001 [Experimental study of compound salvia injection in preventing and treating chronic nephrotoxicity induced by cyclosporin A in rats].
55  Comprehensive Severity Index
(5 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
LOS (3 times)
CCI (1 time)
CMG (1 time)
2000 Severity assessment in children hospitalized with bronchiolitis using the pediatric component of the Comprehensive Severity Index.
56  continuous sc infusion
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
ECC (1 time)
GH (1 time)
GHRH (1 time)
1987 Shrinking of a growth hormone-producing pituitary tumor by continuous subcutaneous infusion of the somatostatin analog SMS 201-995.
57  crime scene investigation
(5 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
HS (1 time)
NIR-HSI (1 time)
VH (1 time)
2011 [The CSI effect and its impact on the perceptions of forensic science experts' work].
58  cubic spline interpolation
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
BNNM (1 time)
CCI (1 time)
CPL (1 time)
2010 Simplified 2-D cubic spline interpolation scheme using direct computation algorithm.
59  causal structure identification
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
EI (2 times)
GRNs (2 times)
ORD (2 times)
2012 Structural identification by differential mass spectrometry as a criterion for selecting the best quantum chemical calculation of formation enthalpy for tetrachlorinated biphenyls.
60  caustic substance ingestion
(4 times)
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
(1 time)
DRI (1 time)
DS (1 time)
EaEn (1 time)
2011 Caustic ingestion and oesophageal damage in children: Clinical spectrum and feeding practices.
61  chemical shift magnetic resonance imaging
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
ALR (1 time)
ASR (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1997 Chemical shift imaging at 4.7 tesla of brown adipose tissue.
62  chemical shift spectroscopy imaging
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
ADC (1 time)
BIWS (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
2000 Artifacts in CSI-measurements caused by the drift of the static magnetic field.
63  Child Symptom Inventory
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
ADHD (3 times)
ASI (2 times)
CBCL (2 times)
2002 Four-year follow-up of children with low intelligence and ADHD: a replication.
64  clinic spasticity index
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
BI (2 times)
FMA (2 times)
MAS (2 times)
2015 Color Doppler ultrasound-guided botulinum toxin type A injection combined with an ankle foot brace for treating lower limb spasticity after a stroke.
65  composite salvia injection
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
AP (1 time)
ApoA1 (1 time)
BPC (1 time)
2001 [Clinical observation on gastrointestinal protective effect of Composite Salviae injection in patients undergoing cardio-pulmonary bypass heart surgery].
66  composite spasticity index
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
WMFT (2 times)
ARRS (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2012 Virtual reality versus conventional treatment of reaching ability in chronic stroke: clinical feasibility study.
67  caregiver strain
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CFQ (1 time)
2014 Distress in cancer patients and their caregivers and association with the caregivers' perception of dyadic communication.
68  cell survival index
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
ED (1 time)
MPI (1 time)
2000 The role of cell density in the survival of cultured cerebellar granule neurons.
69  cervical spine instability
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
AAS (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2014 Current prevalence and characteristics of cervical spine instability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis in the era of biologics.
70  cervical stromal involvement
(3 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
LVSI (2 times)
MI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2012 Association of number of positive nodes and cervical stroma invasion with outcome of advanced endometrial cancer treated with chemotherapy or whole abdominal irradiation: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study.
71  Ch saturation index
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CH (3 times)
TCDC (2 times)
BS (1 time)
1997 [Preventive effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on cholesterol gallstone formation in hamsters].
72  chemical shift MRI
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
Hs (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
1998 From needles to numbers: can noninvasive imaging distinguish benign and malignant adrenal lesions?
73  Chiari Severity Index
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CM1 (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
CHOP (1 time)
2015 The Chiari Severity Index: a preoperative grading system for Chiari malformation type 1.
74  Child Status Index
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
MUAC (1 time)
OVC (1 time)
PLHIV (1 time)
2011 Measuring vulnerability among orphans and vulnerable children in rural Malawi: validation study of the Child Status Index tool.
75  chlorophyll stability index
(3 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
G.R.I (1 time)
LP (1 time)
MII (1 time)
2008 Toxicity of cadmium on the growth and yield of Solanum melongena L.
76  cholesterol synthesis inhibitor
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
NRT (1 time)
SWDs (1 time)
SWs (1 time)
2004 Abnormal benzodiazepine and zinc modulation of GABAA receptors in an acquired absence epilepsy model.
77  City Stress Inventory
(3 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
FOSI (1 time)
ISI (1 time)
NEWS (1 time)
2002 Discovering how urban poverty and violence affect health: development and validation of a Neighborhood Stress Index.
78  Claudication Symptom Instrument
(3 times)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
IC (2 times)
EQ-5D (1 time)
VascuQol (1 time)
2016 Effectiveness of a Medical vs Revascularization Intervention for Intermittent Leg Claudication Based on Patient-Reported Outcomes.
79  clinical spasm index
(3 times)
Acupuncture Therapy
(2 times)
ERD (1 time)
FCA (1 time)
FED (1 time)
2005 [Psycho-autonomic aspects in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease, and functional esophageal disorders].
80  cognitive screening instrument
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
MMSE (2 times)
ACE-R (1 time)
MCI (1 time)
2014 Effect Size (Cohen's d) of Cognitive Screening Instruments Examined in Pragmatic Diagnostic Accuracy Studies.
81  coherence scanning interferometry
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
CWT (1 time)
FSA (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2016 Comparison of envelope detection techniques in coherence scanning interferometry.
82  Colorado Symptom Index
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
CFA (1 time)
CPDM (1 time)
CPIs (1 time)
2005 A computerized self-report symptom distress inventory: for use as a routine clinical interview in schizophrenia.
83  community specialization index
(3 times)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
(1 time)
BH (1 time)
CTI (1 time)
CVI (1 time)
2012 Large-scale changes in community composition: determining land use and climate change signals.
84  Concussion Symptom Inventory
(3 times)
Occupational Therapy
(1 time)
mTBI (1 time)
RHIFUQ (1 time)
SAC (1 time)
2017 Short-term neurocognitive and symptomatic outcomes following mild traumatic brain injury: A prospective multi-centre observational cohort study.
85  Conformation-Sensitive Immunoassay
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
bST (1 time)
1990 The conformation-sensitive immunoassay: a membrane based ELISA system for identifying antibodies sensitive to alterations of protein conformation.
86  coping strategies index
(3 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
EPOCH-RRT (1 time)
HD (1 time)
2012 HIV and severity of seasonal household food-related coping behaviors in rural Ghana.
87  copper-silver ionization
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CFU (1 time)
DWDS (1 time)
2015 Use of copper-silver ionization for the control of legionellae in alkaline environments at health care facilities.
88  coronary sinus interventions
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CK (1 time)
MI (1 time)
PICSO (1 time)
1991 The relevance of coronary sinus interventions in cardiac surgery.
89  cortical spreading ischaemia
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CSD (2 times)
NOS (2 times)
aCSF (1 time)
1998 Nitric oxide scavenging by hemoglobin or nitric oxide synthase inhibition by N-nitro-L-arginine induces cortical spreading ischemia when K+ is increased in the subarachnoid space.
90  Couples Satisfaction Index
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
DAS (1 time)
HAM-A (1 time)
IOS (1 time)
2007 Testing the ruler with item response theory: increasing precision of measurement for relationship satisfaction with the Couples Satisfaction Index.
91  craniospinal
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CHT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FH (1 time)
2003 Improvements in final height over 25 years in growth hormone (GH)-deficient childhood survivors of brain tumors receiving GH replacement.
92  cross-sectional imaging
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CR (1 time)
DT (1 time)
PBV (1 time)
2005 Voice recognition for radiology reporting: is it good enough?
93  C-spine injury
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
GSWs (1 time)
NEXUS (1 time)
2000 C-spine injury associated with gunshot wounds to the head: retrospective study and literature review.
94  callosal-septal interface
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
GE (1 time)
MR (1 time)
1991 Abnormal corpus callosum: a sensitive and specific indicator of multiple sclerosis.
95  cancer serum index
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AGP (1 time)
PAB (1 time)
1981 Cancer serum index: a useful nonspecific test as a parameter in multimodality screening and assessment of patients with cancer of the prostate.
96  captive spray ionization
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
LC-MS (1 time)
nESI (1 time)
PAcIFIC (1 time)
2011 Small molecule quantification by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry for metabolites of drugs and drug candidates.
97  cardiovascular system identification
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ABP (1 time)
DAN (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1999 System identification of closed-loop cardiovascular control mechanisms: diabetic autonomic neuropathy.
98  cartilage sulfation inhibitors
(2 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
--- 1984 Cartilage sulfation inhibitors (CSI) in serum and liver of growth hormone-deficient starved rats.
99  CD symptom index
(2 times)
Food
(1 time)
CD (2 times)
CD-QOL (2 times)
CDAT (2 times)
2013 Is dietitian use associated with celiac disease outcomes?
100  cell shape index
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
AAc (1 time)
CS (1 time)
ER (1 time)
2008 Regulation of vascular smooth muscle cells on poly(ethylene terephthalate) film by O-carboxymethylchitosan surface immobilization.