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Abbreviation: CSO
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Long forms: 110

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
combined sewer overflow
(120 times)
Environmental Health
(110 times)
WWTP (12 times)
CSS (7 times)
TSS (7 times)
1996 The determination of the toxic influences to Gammarus pulex (amphipoda) caged in urban receiving waters.
coronary sinus ostium
(23 times)
Cardiology
(21 times)
RA (6 times)
AF (4 times)
AFL (3 times)
1999 Rate-dependent conduction block of the crista terminalis in patients with typical atrial flutter: influence on evaluation of cavotricuspid isthmus conduction block.
Central Statistics Office
(21 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ALS (1 time)
BCPR (1 time)
DED's (1 time)
1987 Reliability and validity of the classification of death in general practice.
centrum semiovale
(21 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
BG (7 times)
EPVS (5 times)
ADC (4 times)
1991 Centrum semiovale white matter CT changes associated with normal ageing, Alzheimer's disease and late life depression with and without reversible dementia.
chitosan oligosaccharide
(16 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
SA (5 times)
DOX (4 times)
EDC (4 times)
2004 [Study of the uptake of chitosan oligosaccharide nanoparticles by A549 cells].
cottonseed oil
(14 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
CO (3 times)
TC (3 times)
FFA (2 times)
1991 Interactions of dietary lead with fish oil and antioxidant in chicks.
composite second-order
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
BER (10 times)
CNR (10 times)
CTB (10 times)
2004 Measurement of gain tilt and its contribution to composite second-order distortion in the analog-digital transmission systems with Er/Yb fiber amplifiers.
cis-stilbene oxide
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
TSO (4 times)
CDNB (2 times)
GST (2 times)
1986 Effect of aging on testicular epoxide hydrolase and glutathione-S-transferase activities in mice.
civil society organization
(8 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
CCM (1 time)
DAA (1 time)
EECA (1 time)
2008 [Living with sexual diversity: experience report].
10  Clarified slurry oil
(7 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
BHCO (2 times)
LHLCO (2 times)
DAE (1 time)
1986 Systemic toxicity from subchronic dermal exposure, chemical characterization, and dermal penetration of catalytically cracked clarified slurry oil.
11  chronic suppurative osteomyelitis
(6 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
DSO (1 time)
ORN (1 time)
POE (1 time)
2005 Chronic suppurative osteomyelitis of the mandible: case report.
12  child sex offending
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
FA (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2017 Gray matter anomalies in pedophiles with and without a history of child sexual offending.
13  concerned significant other
(5 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
TAU (2 times)
CBT (1 time)
CRAFT-T (1 time)
2013 Willingness and appropriateness of peers participating in emerging adults' substance misuse treatment.
14  CS ostium
(5 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
CS (5 times)
CRT (1 time)
DPs (1 time)
2000 Differentiating the ligament of Marshall from the pulmonary vein musculature potentials in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: electrophysiological characteristics and results of radiofrequency ablation.
15  Cell System Ontology
(4 times)
Genomics
(2 times)
HFPNe (1 time)
2007 Cell system ontology: representation for modeling, visualizing, and simulating biological pathways.
16  clinically severe obese
(4 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
ADP (2 times)
BAI (2 times)
BIA (2 times)
1998 Changes in measured resting energy expenditure after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for clinically severe obesity are not related to bypass limb-length.
17  crude soybean oil
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
COPO (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
REOs (1 time)
2006 Performance of crude olive pomace oil and soybean oil during carotenoid production by Blakeslea trispora in submerged fermentation.
18  camelina sativa oil
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ALA (2 times)
FF (2 times)
LF (2 times)
2018 Camelina Sativa Oil, but not Fatty Fish or Lean Fish, Improves Serum Lipid Profile in Subjects with Impaired Glucose Metabolism-A Randomized Controlled Trial.
19  Cat Swarm Optimization
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
PSO (3 times)
CQCSO (1 time)
CRPSO (1 time)
2013 Cat Swarm Optimization algorithm for optimal linear phase FIR filter design.
20  Central Statistics Office of Ireland
(3 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
NRMA (1 time)
1995 Use of the National Register of medico-legal autopsies in epidemiological suicide research.
21  chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
--- 1996 A radiological analysis of chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis of the mandible.
22  Coix seed oil
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BJO (1 time)
BJOE (1 time)
CPI (1 time)
2008 Formulation, preparation and evaluation of an intravenous emulsion containing Brucea javanica oil and Coix Seed oil for anti-tumor application.
23  community service organizations
(3 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
FBO (1 time)
2006 Utility stress as a social determinant of health: exploring the links in a remote Aboriginal community.
24  crescentic shelf osteotomy
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
HV (1 time)
IM (1 time)
1994 Crescentic shelf osteotomy (CSO)
25  cryogenic sapphire oscillator
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
phi (1 time)
UWA (1 time)
2004 A cryogenic open-cavity sapphire reference oscillator with low spurious mode density.
26  Caltech Submillimeter Observatory
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Characterization of a submillimeter high-angular-resolution camera with a monolithic silicon bolometer array for the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory.
27  Cardio-O-Fix septal occluder
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ASO (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
ASDs (1 time)
2013 A comparative study of Cardi-O-Fix septal occluder versus Amplatzer septal occluder in percutaneous closure of secundum atrial septal defects.
28  child sex offenders
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
MSI (1 time)
NEO-PI-R (1 time)
SCL-90-R (1 time)
2005 Differential suicide rates in typologies of child sex offenders in a 6-year consecutive cohort of male suicides.
29  Collagenase Santyl Ointment
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2018 Novel mechanisms of Collagenase Santyl Ointment (CSO) in wound macrophage polarization and resolution of wound inflammation.
30  collective self-objectification
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2005 The phenomenology of empowerment in collective action.
31  Communication Standards Ontology
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
GCM (2 times)
BFO (1 time)
DTO (1 time)
2010 A communication standards ontology using basic formal ontologies.
32  competitive swarm optimizer
(2 times)
Cybernetics
(1 time)
PSO (1 time)
QoS (1 time)
2015 A competitive swarm optimizer for large scale optimization.
33  corneal analysis with the Sirius system
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
KC (1 time)
MVP (1 time)
ORA (1 time)
2013 Correlation of the corneal toricity between anterior and posterior corneal surfaces in the normal human eye.
34  coronary sinus obstruction
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CAO (2 times)
VF (2 times)
ARI (1 time)
1994 Prevention of extracellular K+ inhomogeneity across the ischemic border by coronary venous obstruction in the dog: salutary antiarrhythmic effects of enhanced myocardial hydration.
35  coronary sinus occlusion
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CSP (1 time)
ICSO (1 time)
IMP (1 time)
1992 The effect of intermittent coronary sinus occlusion on coronary sinus pressure dynamics and coronary arterial flow.
36  Costruzione Strumenti Oftalmici
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AS-OCT (1 time)
CV (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2016 Intra-session repeatability of iridocorneal angle measurements provided by a Scheimpflug photography-based system in healthy eyes.
37  cross-screw osteosynthesis
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
HTP (1 time)
LCP-PH (1 time)
Synclaw PHN (1 time)
2003 Proximal humeral fractures: how stiff should an implant be? A comparative mechanical study with new implants in human specimens.
38  Cryptosporidium oocyst
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
CPS (1 time)
MC (1 time)
RSF (1 time)
1993 [Epidemiological studies on human cryptosporidiosis in rural and urban areas of Jiangsu].
39  Czech Statistical Office
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
HBS (1 time)
IHIS (1 time)
2001 The development of food consumption in the Czech Republic after 1989.
40  (S)-2-chlorostyrene oxide
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Enantioselective hydrolysis of racemic styrene oxide and its substituted derivatives using newly-isolated Sphingopyxis sp. exhibiting a novel epoxide hydrolase activity.
41  (VES)-grafted-chitosan oligosaccharide
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PTX (1 time)
VES (1 time)
VES-g-CSO (1 time)
2017 Vitamin E Succinate-Grafted-Chitosan Oligosaccharide/RGD-Conjugated TPGS Mixed Micelles Loaded with Paclitaxel for U87MG Tumor Therapy.
42  cactus seed oil
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
LXR (1 time)
2014 Biological activities of Schottenol and Spinasterol, two natural phytosterols present in argan oil and in cactus pear seed oil, on murine miroglial BV2 cells.
43  calcaneal scarf osteotomy
(1 time)
Foot Diseases
(1 time)
AAFD (1 time)
2013 The calcaneal scarf osteotomy: surgical correction of the adult acquired flatfoot deformity and radiographic results.
44  California Spotted Owls
(1 time)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
(1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
NSO (1 time)
2017 Genetic differentiation and inferred dynamics of a hybrid zone between Northern Spotted Owls (Strix occidentalis caurina) and California Spotted Owls (S.o.occidentalis) in northern California.
45  Camellia seed oil
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
EVOO (1 time)
HPSEC (1 time)
SBO (1 time)
2016 High-performance size-exclusion chromatography studies on the formation and distribution of polar compounds in camellia seed oil during heating.
46  camphorsulfonyloxaziridine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Stereospecific cyclization strategies for alpha,epsilon-dihydroxy-beta-amino esters: asymmetric syntheses of imino and amino sugars.
47  Canadian Society of Otolaryngology
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2015 A survey on pulmonary screening practices among otolaryngology-head & neck surgeons across Canada in the post treatment surveillance of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
48  carbon sphere oxide 
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
Ea (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2016 Thermally Stable Super Ionic Conductor from Carbon Sphere Oxide.
49  cashew shell oil
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Clastogenic and toxicological assessment of cashew (Anacardium occidentale) nut bark extracts in Wistar rats.
50  Caustic strictures of the oesophagus
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2002 Long-term dilatation of caustic strictures of the oesophagus.
51  CellScope Oto
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
AOM (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2015 Comparison of traditional otoscope to iPhone otoscope in the pediatric ED.
52  Center for Science Outreach
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
IVC (1 time)
2007 The Virtual Scientist: connecting university scientists to the K-12 classroom through videoconferencing.
53  Central Statistical Organization
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
IMR (1 time)
MMR (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2009 Neonatal and childhood mortality rates in Myanmar.
54  centre for the research of taste
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1995 [Feeling like a snack. The influence of taste on our eating habits].
55  Cera septal occluder
(1 time)
Cardiac Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
ASO (1 time)
2014 A multicentre, comparative study of Cera septal occluder versus AMPLATZER Septal Occluder in transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defects.
56  certified specialist in oncology
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
CNCD/C (1 time)
EN (1 time)
HSCT (1 time)
2012 Medical nutrition therapy provided to adult hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients.
57  channel-sensing order
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
CMF (1 time)
CRSNs (1 time)
ILP (1 time)
2018 Unified Channel Management for Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks Aided Internet of Things.
58  chemical synovectomy
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
KOOS (1 time)
RA (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2012 Chemical synovectomy with sodium morrhuate in the treatment of symptomatic recurrent knee joint effusion.
59  Chemically syntheized oleamide
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Chemical synthesis of 9(Z)-octadecenamide and its hypolipidemic effect: a bioactive agent found in the essential oil of mountain celery seeds.
60  chicken SO
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Moco (1 time)
PSO (1 time)
SO (1 time)
2003 The crystal structure of plant sulfite oxidase provides insights into sulfite oxidation in plants and animals.
61  chicken sulfite oxidase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
hSO (1 time)
IET (1 time)
SO (1 time)
2010 Effects of large-scale amino acid substitution in the polypeptide tether connecting the heme and molybdenum domains on catalysis in human sulfite oxidase.
62  Chief Science Officer
(1 time)
Technology, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
EU (1 time)
2017 Evaluating the impact of Brexit on the pharmaceutical industry.
63  Chief Scientist Office
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
NRIS (1 time)
1999 The Nursing Research Initiative for Scotland.
64  chronic salpingo-oophoritis
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1998 [The comparative effect of classic massage of different intensities on patients with chronic salpingo-oophoritis].
65  Chronic seromucous otitis
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2001 [Impact of chronic seromucous otitis on child linguistic development].
66  CIM S-oxide
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CIM (1 time)
FMO (1 time)
2009 Enantioselective in-line and off-line CE methods for the kinetic study on cimetidine and its chiral metabolites with reference to flavin-containing monooxygenase genetic isoforms.
67  clindamycin sulfoxide
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CLI (1 time)
HCSO (1 time)
HTR (1 time)
2017 Antibiotics degradation in soil: A case of clindamycin, trimethoprim, sulfamethoxazole and their transformation products.
68  clinically significant microorganisms
(1 time)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
SUDS (1 time)
2009 Contamination of equipment in emergency settings: an exploratory study with a targeted automated intervention.
69  clivus-supraocciput
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
MMC (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2011 Morphometric analysis of posterior fossa after in utero myelomeningocele repair.
70  co-composted with olive prune wastes
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
2017 Effect of two different composts on soil quality and on the growth of various plant species in a polymetallic acidic mine soil.
71  cockroach swarm optimization
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HRIO (1 time)
ICSO (1 time)
MCSO (1 time)
2014 An improved cockroach swarm optimization.
72  Cocoon septal occluder
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ASDs (1 time)
2014 Catheter closure of atrial septal defects using the Cocoon septal occluder: preliminary results of a European multicenter study.
73  collared scops owl
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BO (1 time)
cytb (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2018 Haemoproteus in barn and collared scops owls from Thailand.
74  Colliguaja salicifolia
(1 time)
CIO (1 time)
2018 Preparation of Renewable Bio-Polyols from Two Species of Colliguaja for Rigid Polyurethane Foams.
75  combined storm and sewage outlet
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Distribution of indicator bacteria and Vibrio parahaemolyticus in sewage-polluted intertidal sediments.
76  commercial soybean oil
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EthPm (1 time)
OSI (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2010 The role of plasmalogen in the oxidative stability of neutral lipids and phospholipids.
77  commodity soybean oil
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2012 Production of isotopically labeled standards from a uniformly labeled precursor for quantitative volatile metabolomic studies.
78  Common Scientific Outline
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MACC (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2016 An overview of cancer research in South African academic and research institutions, 2013 - 2014.
79  communicative second opinion
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EBSO (1 time)
2000 [Two forms of second opinion].
80  Community Service Order
(1 time)
Psychotherapy
(1 time)
--- 2004 Community Service Orders in Hong Kong, England, and Wales: twins or cousins.
81  compensated sapphire oscillator
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2000 Stability and phase noise tests of two cryo-cooled sapphire oscillators.
82  Compound Shenhuang Ointment
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
MOT (1 time)
QSBSS (1 time)
SS (1 time)
2014 [Effect of shenhuang ointment in promoting the rehabilitation of postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction patients of Qi stagnation blood stasis syndrome: a clinical observation].
83  Compulsory Secondary Education
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2012 Evaluation of attitude toward living organ donation among adolescents in Southeast Spain.
84  computerized rounding and sign-out
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2012 The computerized rounding report: implementation of a model system to support transitions of care.
85  conflict over speaking out
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1988 Life events and difficulties preceding the onset of functional dysphonia.
86  Conserved Segments Ordered
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
QTL (1 time)
RH (1 time)
2010 A radiation hybrid map of the European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) based on 1581 markers: Synteny analysis with model fish genomes.
87  constant supportive observations
(1 time)
Mental Disorders
(1 time)
NHS (1 time)
2018 The prevalence of constant supportive observations in high, medium and low secure services.
88  Continuous Special Observation
(1 time)
Psychiatric Nursing
(1 time)
PMI (1 time)
PNA (1 time)
2017 The Impact of Nursing Protocols on Continuous Special Observation.
89  contrast acquisitions in the semioval center
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
CVR (1 time)
MCA (1 time)
2018 Vascular reactivity in small cerebral perforating arteries with 7 T phase contrast MRI - A proof of concept study.
90  controlled superovolution
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ET (1 time)
GIFT (1 time)
IUI (1 time)
1994 Retrospective analysis of assisted conception techniques: A three year experience.
91  conventional sham operation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CCR (1 time)
CS (1 time)
LCR (1 time)
2017 Advantages of laparoscopic compared to conventional surgery are not related to an innate immune response of peritoneal immune activation: an animal study in rats.
92  cooked sunflower oil
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2013 Lipase from marine strain using cooked sunflower oil waste: production optimization and application for hydrolysis and thermodynamic studies.
93  corn/soybean oil alone
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DHA (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
HETE (1 time)
1999 Docosahexaenoic acid is an antihypertensive nutrient that affects aldosterone production in SHR.
94  corner-sharing octahedral
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FSO (1 time)
2018 8H-10H Stacking Periodicity Control in Twinned Hexagonal Perovskite Dielectrics.
95  Coronial Service Office
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DHB (1 time)
2005 Deaths from poisoning in New Zealand: 2001-2002.
96  corticosterone
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
HPA (1 time)
NE (1 time)
2000 Differential effects of buprenorphine and morphine on immune and neuroendocrine functions following acute administration in the rat mesencephalon periaqueductal gray.
97  cranial sino-venous occlusion
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
1987 The role of CT and DSA in cranial sino-venous occlusion.
98  craniosynostosis
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2015 Objective classification system for sagittal craniosynostosis based on suture segmentation.
99  criminal sexual offender
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
RFLP (1 time)
1995 The evaluation and implementation of match criteria for forensic analysis of DNA.
100  Critical Skills Operator
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
AP (1 time)
ASA24 (1 time)
2018 Physical, Physiological, and Dietary Comparisons Between Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command Critical Skills Operators and Enablers.