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Abbreviation: CSO
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Long forms: 128

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
combined sewer overflow
(134 times)
Environmental Health
(123 times)
WWTP (14 times)
CSS (7 times)
TSS (7 times)
1996 The determination of the toxic influences to Gammarus pulex (amphipoda) caged in urban receiving waters.
Central Statistics Office
(26 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
ALS (1 time)
ANC (1 time)
ASI (1 time)
1987 Reliability and validity of the classification of death in general practice.
centrum semiovale
(26 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
BG (11 times)
EPVS (7 times)
CSVD (5 times)
1991 Centrum semiovale white matter CT changes associated with normal ageing, Alzheimer's disease and late life depression with and without reversible dementia.
coronary sinus ostium
(24 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
RA (6 times)
AF (4 times)
AFL (3 times)
1999 Rate-dependent conduction block of the crista terminalis in patients with typical atrial flutter: influence on evaluation of cavotricuspid isthmus conduction block.
cottonseed oil
(21 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
CO (3 times)
TC (3 times)
CSM (2 times)
1991 Interactions of dietary lead with fish oil and antioxidant in chicks.
chitosan oligosaccharide
(19 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
SA (5 times)
DOX (4 times)
EDC (4 times)
2004 [Study of the uptake of chitosan oligosaccharide nanoparticles by A549 cells].
composite second-order
(13 times)
Ophthalmology
(13 times)
BER (10 times)
CNR (10 times)
CTB (10 times)
2004 Measurement of gain tilt and its contribution to composite second-order distortion in the analog-digital transmission systems with Er/Yb fiber amplifiers.
civil society organization
(9 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
CCM (1 time)
DAA (1 time)
EECA (1 time)
2008 [Living with sexual diversity: experience report].
cis-stilbene oxide
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
TSO (4 times)
CDNB (2 times)
GST (2 times)
1986 Effect of aging on testicular epoxide hydrolase and glutathione-S-transferase activities in mice.
10  Clarified slurry oil
(7 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
BHCO (2 times)
LHLCO (2 times)
DAE (1 time)
1986 Systemic toxicity from subchronic dermal exposure, chemical characterization, and dermal penetration of catalytically cracked clarified slurry oil.
11  Coix seed oil
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
betaC (1 time)
BJO (1 time)
BJOE (1 time)
2008 Formulation, preparation and evaluation of an intravenous emulsion containing Brucea javanica oil and Coix Seed oil for anti-tumor application.
12  camelina sativa oil
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ALA (4 times)
FF (3 times)
LF (3 times)
2018 Camelina Sativa Oil, but not Fatty Fish or Lean Fish, Improves Serum Lipid Profile in Subjects with Impaired Glucose Metabolism-A Randomized Controlled Trial.
13  child sex offending
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
FA (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2017 Gray matter anomalies in pedophiles with and without a history of child sexual offending.
14  chronic suppurative osteomyelitis
(6 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
DSO (1 time)
ORN (1 time)
POE (1 time)
2005 Chronic suppurative osteomyelitis of the mandible: case report.
15  chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
CRP (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
1996 A radiological analysis of chronic sclerosing osteomyelitis of the mandible.
16  concerned significant other
(5 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
TAU (2 times)
CBT (1 time)
CRAFT-T (1 time)
2013 Willingness and appropriateness of peers participating in emerging adults' substance misuse treatment.
17  CS ostium
(5 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
CS (5 times)
CRT (1 time)
DPs (1 time)
2000 Differentiating the ligament of Marshall from the pulmonary vein musculature potentials in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: electrophysiological characteristics and results of radiofrequency ablation.
18  cat swarm optimization
(4 times)
Computational Biology
(2 times)
PSO (3 times)
BOA (1 time)
CQCSO (1 time)
2013 Cat Swarm Optimization algorithm for optimal linear phase FIR filter design.
19  Cell System Ontology
(4 times)
Genomics
(2 times)
HFPNe (1 time)
2007 Cell system ontology: representation for modeling, visualizing, and simulating biological pathways.
20  chia seed oil
(4 times)
Food Analysis
(2 times)
CPI (2 times)
CSG (2 times)
TAGs (2 times)
2016 Microencapsulation of chia seed oil using chia seed protein isolate-chia seed gum complex coacervates.
21  clinically severe obese
(4 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
ADP (2 times)
BAI (2 times)
BIA (2 times)
1998 Changes in measured resting energy expenditure after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for clinically severe obesity are not related to bypass limb-length.
22  community service organizations
(4 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
FBO (1 time)
2006 Utility stress as a social determinant of health: exploring the links in a remote Aboriginal community.
23  crude soybean oil
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
COPO (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
REOs (1 time)
2006 Performance of crude olive pomace oil and soybean oil during carotenoid production by Blakeslea trispora in submerged fermentation.
24  Central Statistics Office of Ireland
(3 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
NRMA (1 time)
1995 Use of the National Register of medico-legal autopsies in epidemiological suicide research.
25  competitive swarm optimizer
(3 times)
Cybernetics
(2 times)
MOPs (1 time)
PSO (1 time)
QoS (1 time)
2015 A competitive swarm optimizer for large scale optimization.
26  concentric shelf osteotomy
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
HV (1 time)
IM (1 time)
1994 Crescentic shelf osteotomy (CSO)
27  craniosynostosis
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
HU (1 time)
ROC (1 time)
2015 Objective classification system for sagittal craniosynostosis based on suture segmentation.
28  cryogenic sapphire oscillator
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
phi (1 time)
UWA (1 time)
2004 A cryogenic open-cavity sapphire reference oscillator with low spurious mode density.
29  Czech Statistical Office
(3 times)
Delivery of Health Care
(1 time)
HBS (1 time)
IHIS (1 time)
NIE (1 time)
2001 The development of food consumption in the Czech Republic after 1989.
30  Caltech Submillimeter Observatory
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Characterization of a submillimeter high-angular-resolution camera with a monolithic silicon bolometer array for the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory.
31  Camelina sativa seed oil
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BFO (1 time)
FO (1 time)
2019 Postprandial incorporation of EPA and DHA from transgenic Camelina sativa oil into blood lipids is equivalent to that from fish oil in healthy humans.
32  Cardio-O-Fix septal occluder
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ASO (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
ASDs (1 time)
2013 A comparative study of Cardi-O-Fix septal occluder versus Amplatzer septal occluder in percutaneous closure of secundum atrial septal defects.
33  child sex offenders
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
MSI (1 time)
NEO-PI-R (1 time)
SCL-90-R (1 time)
2005 Differential suicide rates in typologies of child sex offenders in a 6-year consecutive cohort of male suicides.
34  Collagenase Santyl Ointment
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2018 Novel mechanisms of Collagenase Santyl Ointment (CSO) in wound macrophage polarization and resolution of wound inflammation.
35  collective self-objectification
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
--- 2005 The phenomenology of empowerment in collective action.
36  Communication Standards Ontology
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
GCM (2 times)
BFO (1 time)
DTO (1 time)
2010 A communication standards ontology using basic formal ontologies.
37  corneal analysis with the Sirius system
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
KC (1 time)
MVP (1 time)
ORA (1 time)
2013 Correlation of the corneal toricity between anterior and posterior corneal surfaces in the normal human eye.
38  coronary sinus obstruction
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CAO (2 times)
VF (2 times)
ARI (1 time)
1994 Prevention of extracellular K+ inhomogeneity across the ischemic border by coronary venous obstruction in the dog: salutary antiarrhythmic effects of enhanced myocardial hydration.
39  coronary sinus occlusion
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CSP (1 time)
ICSO (1 time)
IMP (1 time)
1992 The effect of intermittent coronary sinus occlusion on coronary sinus pressure dynamics and coronary arterial flow.
40  Costruzione Strumenti Oftalmici
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AS-OCT (1 time)
CV (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2016 Intra-session repeatability of iridocorneal angle measurements provided by a Scheimpflug photography-based system in healthy eyes.
41  cross-screw osteosynthesis
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
HTP (1 time)
LCP-PH (1 time)
Synclaw PHN (1 time)
2003 Proximal humeral fractures: how stiff should an implant be? A comparative mechanical study with new implants in human specimens.
42  Crow Search Optimization
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
BASO (1 time)
DNN (1 time)
FFO (1 time)
2018 Medical Image Quality Assessment Using CSO Based Deep Neural Network.
43  Cryptosporidium oocyst
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
CPS (1 time)
MC (1 time)
RSF (1 time)
1993 [Epidemiological studies on human cryptosporidiosis in rural and urban areas of Jiangsu].
44  cumulative supplemental oxygen
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
BPD (2 times)
AUROC (1 time)
CMAP (1 time)
2016 Early Cumulative Supplemental Oxygen Predicts Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in High Risk Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborns.
45  (S)-2-chlorostyrene oxide
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Enantioselective hydrolysis of racemic styrene oxide and its substituted derivatives using newly-isolated Sphingopyxis sp. exhibiting a novel epoxide hydrolase activity.
46  (VES)-grafted-chitosan oligosaccharide
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PTX (1 time)
VES (1 time)
VES-g-CSO (1 time)
2017 Vitamin E Succinate-Grafted-Chitosan Oligosaccharide/RGD-Conjugated TPGS Mixed Micelles Loaded with Paclitaxel for U87MG Tumor Therapy.
47  cactus seed oil
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
LXR (1 time)
2014 Biological activities of Schottenol and Spinasterol, two natural phytosterols present in argan oil and in cactus pear seed oil, on murine miroglial BV2 cells.
48  calcaneal scarf osteotomy
(1 time)
Foot Diseases
(1 time)
AAFD (1 time)
2013 The calcaneal scarf osteotomy: surgical correction of the adult acquired flatfoot deformity and radiographic results.
49  California Spotted Owls
(1 time)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
(1 time)
mtDNA (1 time)
NSO (1 time)
2017 Genetic differentiation and inferred dynamics of a hybrid zone between Northern Spotted Owls (Strix occidentalis caurina) and California Spotted Owls (S.o.occidentalis) in northern California.
50  Camellia seed oil
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
EVOO (1 time)
HPSEC (1 time)
SBO (1 time)
2016 High-performance size-exclusion chromatography studies on the formation and distribution of polar compounds in camellia seed oil during heating.
51  camphorsulfonyloxaziridine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Stereospecific cyclization strategies for alpha,epsilon-dihydroxy-beta-amino esters: asymmetric syntheses of imino and amino sugars.
52  Canadian Society of Otolaryngology
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2015 A survey on pulmonary screening practices among otolaryngology-head & neck surgeons across Canada in the post treatment surveillance of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.
53  Capparis spinosa oil
(1 time)
13C-NMR (1 time)
EVOO (1 time)
GC-FID (1 time)
2020 Oleic Acid Is not the Only Relevant Mono-Unsaturated Fatty Ester in Olive Oil.
54  carbon sphere oxide 
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
Ea (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2016 Thermally Stable Super Ionic Conductor from Carbon Sphere Oxide.
55  Carcinosarcoma of the ovary
(1 time)
--- 2019 Overall Survival and Adjuvant Therapy in Women with Ovarian Carcinosarcoma: A Single-Institution Experience.
56  carotid stent occlusion
(1 time)
ET (1 time)
mRS (1 time)
mTICI (1 time)
2020 Endovascular Treatment of Acute Carotid Stent Occlusion: Aspiration Thrombectomy and Angioplasty.
57  cashew shell oil
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Clastogenic and toxicological assessment of cashew (Anacardium occidentale) nut bark extracts in Wistar rats.
58  Caustic strictures of the oesophagus
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2002 Long-term dilatation of caustic strictures of the oesophagus.
59  CellScope Oto
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
AOM (1 time)
TM (1 time)
2015 Comparison of traditional otoscope to iPhone otoscope in the pediatric ED.
60  Center for Science Outreach
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
IVC (1 time)
2007 The Virtual Scientist: connecting university scientists to the K-12 classroom through videoconferencing.
61  Central Statistical Organization
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
IMR (1 time)
MMR (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
2009 Neonatal and childhood mortality rates in Myanmar.
62  centre for the research of taste
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 1995 [Feeling like a snack. The influence of taste on our eating habits].
63  Cera septal occluder
(1 time)
Cardiac Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
ASO (1 time)
2014 A multicentre, comparative study of Cera septal occluder versus AMPLATZER Septal Occluder in transcatheter closure of secundum atrial septal defects.
64  certified specialist in oncology
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
CNCD/C (1 time)
EN (1 time)
HSCT (1 time)
2012 Medical nutrition therapy provided to adult hematopoietic stem cell transplantation patients.
65  channel-sensing order
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
CMF (1 time)
CRSNs (1 time)
ILP (1 time)
2018 Unified Channel Management for Cognitive Radio Sensor Networks Aided Internet of Things.
66  chemical synovectomy
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
KOOS (1 time)
RA (1 time)
VAS (1 time)
2012 Chemical synovectomy with sodium morrhuate in the treatment of symptomatic recurrent knee joint effusion.
67  Chemically syntheized oleamide
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2010 Chemical synthesis of 9(Z)-octadecenamide and its hypolipidemic effect: a bioactive agent found in the essential oil of mountain celery seeds.
68  chicken SO
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Moco (1 time)
PSO (1 time)
SO (1 time)
2003 The crystal structure of plant sulfite oxidase provides insights into sulfite oxidation in plants and animals.
69  chicken sulfite oxidase
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
hSO (1 time)
IET (1 time)
SO (1 time)
2010 Effects of large-scale amino acid substitution in the polypeptide tether connecting the heme and molybdenum domains on catalysis in human sulfite oxidase.
70  Chief Science Officer
(1 time)
Technology, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
EU (1 time)
2017 Evaluating the impact of Brexit on the pharmaceutical industry.
71  Chief Scientist Office
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
NRIS (1 time)
1999 The Nursing Research Initiative for Scotland.
72  chitosan
(1 time)
Carbohydrates
(1 time)
DEX (1 time)
DTPA (1 time)
Gcc (1 time)
2020 Chitosan-modified lipid nanodrug delivery system for the targeted and responsive treatment of ulcerative colitis.
73  Chitosan oligomer
(1 time)
Pharmacological Phenomena
(1 time)
CSO-LA (1 time)
DST-NLCs (1 time)
2020 In Vitro Performance of Dutasteride-Nanostructured Lipid Carriers Coated with Lauric Acid-Chitosan Oligomer for Dermal Delivery.
74  chronic salpingo-oophoritis
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1998 [The comparative effect of classic massage of different intensities on patients with chronic salpingo-oophoritis].
75  Chronic seromucous otitis
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2001 [Impact of chronic seromucous otitis on child linguistic development].
76  CIM S-oxide
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CIM (1 time)
FMO (1 time)
2009 Enantioselective in-line and off-line CE methods for the kinetic study on cimetidine and its chiral metabolites with reference to flavin-containing monooxygenase genetic isoforms.
77  clementine sweet orange hybrid
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
LG (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2020 Analysis of Crossover Events and Allele Segregation Distortion in Interspecific Citrus Hybrids by Single Pollen Genotyping.
78  clindamycin sulfoxide
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CLI (1 time)
HCSO (1 time)
HTR (1 time)
2017 Antibiotics degradation in soil: A case of clindamycin, trimethoprim, sulfamethoxazole and their transformation products.
79  Clinical Sentiment Ontology
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CDSSs (1 time)
EIE (1 time)
PEKB (1 time)
2020 Modelling clinical experience data as an evidence for patient-oriented decision support.
80  clinically significant microorganisms
(1 time)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
SUDS (1 time)
2009 Contamination of equipment in emergency settings: an exploratory study with a targeted automated intervention.
81  clinically significant outcome
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
MCID (1 time)
PRHS (1 time)
THA (1 time)
2020 Development of Machine Learning Algorithms to Predict Clinically Meaningful Improvement for the Patient-Reported Health State After Total Hip Arthroplasty.
82  clivus-supraocciput
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
MMC (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2011 Morphometric analysis of posterior fossa after in utero myelomeningocele repair.
83  co-composted with olive prune wastes
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
2017 Effect of two different composts on soil quality and on the growth of various plant species in a polymetallic acidic mine soil.
84  cockroach swarm optimization
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HRIO (1 time)
ICSO (1 time)
MCSO (1 time)
2014 An improved cockroach swarm optimization.
85  Cocoon septal occluder
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ASDs (1 time)
2014 Catheter closure of atrial septal defects using the Cocoon septal occluder: preliminary results of a European multicenter study.
86  cod skin oligopeptide
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 2020 Cod Skin Oligopeptide Inhibits Human Gastric Carcinoma Cell Growth by Inducing Apoptosis.
87  code status order
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
CSDs (1 time)
ED (1 time)
EMPs (1 time)
2020 Is the Emergency Department an Inappropriate Venue for Code Status Discussions?
88  Coix seed oil extract
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2020 Preparation of coix seed oil bioactive delivery systems based on homologous polysaccharides and proteins.
89  collared scops owl
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BO (1 time)
cytb (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2018 Haemoproteus in barn and collared scops owls from Thailand.
90  Colliguaja salicifolia
(1 time)
CIO (1 time)
2018 Preparation of Renewable Bio-Polyols from Two Species of Colliguaja for Rigid Polyurethane Foams.
91  combined storm and sewage outlet
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Distribution of indicator bacteria and Vibrio parahaemolyticus in sewage-polluted intertidal sediments.
92  commercial soybean oil
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EthPm (1 time)
OSI (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2010 The role of plasmalogen in the oxidative stability of neutral lipids and phospholipids.
93  commodity soybean oil
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2012 Production of isotopically labeled standards from a uniformly labeled precursor for quantitative volatile metabolomic studies.
94  Common Scientific Outline
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MACC (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2016 An overview of cancer research in South African academic and research institutions, 2013 - 2014.
95  communicative second opinion
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EBSO (1 time)
2000 [Two forms of second opinion].
96  Community Service Order
(1 time)
Psychotherapy
(1 time)
--- 2004 Community Service Orders in Hong Kong, England, and Wales: twins or cousins.
97  compensated sapphire oscillator
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2000 Stability and phase noise tests of two cryo-cooled sapphire oscillators.
98  Compound Shenhuang Ointment
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
MOT (1 time)
QSBSS (1 time)
SS (1 time)
2014 [Effect of shenhuang ointment in promoting the rehabilitation of postoperative gastrointestinal dysfunction patients of Qi stagnation blood stasis syndrome: a clinical observation].
99  Compulsory Secondary Education
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2012 Evaluation of attitude toward living organ donation among adolescents in Southeast Spain.
100  computerized rounding and sign-out
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2012 The computerized rounding report: implementation of a model system to support transitions of care.