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Abbreviation: CSS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cancer-specific survival
(4053 times)
Neoplasms
(1986 times)
OS (2262 times)
SEER (820 times)
HR (704 times)
1990 Radical radiotherapy for carcinoma of the anal canal.
Churg-Strauss syndrome
(526 times)
Rheumatology
(134 times)
WG (88 times)
MPA (81 times)
ANCA (71 times)
1985 [Bronchial asthma, eosinophilia and lung infiltrates (Churg-Strauss syndrome)].
Coffin-Siris syndrome
(68 times)
Genetics, Medical
(34 times)
ID (8 times)
NCBRS (6 times)
SWI/SNF (6 times)
2012 Mutations affecting components of the SWI/SNF complex cause Coffin-Siris syndrome.
carotid sinus syndrome
(60 times)
Cardiology
(26 times)
CSM (17 times)
CSH (5 times)
BP (3 times)
1975 [Functional analysis of the heart conduction system in the cardio-inhibitory type of carotid sinus syndrome (CSS)].
cytokine storm syndrome
(58 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
COVID-19 (20 times)
ARDS (11 times)
SARS-CoV-2 (11 times)
2012 Making sense of the cytokine storm: a conceptual framework for understanding, diagnosing, and treating hemophagocytic syndromes.
Constant Shoulder Score
(48 times)
Orthopedics
(19 times)
OSS (13 times)
VAS (10 times)
ROM (7 times)
2006 The Penn shoulder score: reliability and validity.
central sensitivity syndrome
(45 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
CSI (17 times)
CS (9 times)
FM (5 times)
2007 Fibromyalgia and overlapping disorders: the unifying concept of central sensitivity syndromes.
Chronic Sinusitis Survey
(45 times)
Otolaryngology
(37 times)
CRS (23 times)
ESS (23 times)
RSDI (21 times)
1995 Longitudinal sensitivity of generic and specific health measures in chronic sinusitis.
clinical severity score
(45 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
HS (6 times)
FSHD (4 times)
RTT (4 times)
1998 Intracellular hemoglobin S polymerization and the clinical severity of sickle cell anemia.
10  Constipation Scoring System
(37 times)
Gastroenterology
(11 times)
FISI (7 times)
QoL (7 times)
PAC-QOL (6 times)
2010 Abdominal massage for the alleviation of constipation symptoms in people with multiple sclerosis: a randomized controlled feasibility study.
11  cultured skin substitutes
(32 times)
Traumatology
(9 times)
AG (2 times)
C-GAG (2 times)
EDC (2 times)
1993 Lipid supplemented medium induces lamellar bodies and precursors of barrier lipids in cultured analogues of human skin.
12  cause-specific
(26 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
OS (16 times)
DFS (6 times)
LC (4 times)
1997 High dose chemotherapy and stem cell rescue for aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: pattern of failure and implications for involved-field radiotherapy.
13  chronic social stress
(25 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
CON (5 times)
OXT (2 times)
alpha-MSH (1 time)
2011 Effects of chronic social stress during lactation on maternal behavior and growth in rats.
14  Chaihu-Shugan-San
(24 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
CUMS (6 times)
MH (4 times)
TCM (4 times)
2005 Antidepressant effect of Chaihu-Shugan-San extract and its constituents in rat models of depression.
15  chromosome substitution strains
(24 times)
Genetics
(11 times)
QTL (9 times)
FS (3 times)
RI (3 times)
1999 Susceptibility to testicular germ-cell tumours in a 129.MOLF-Chr 19 chromosome substitution strain.
16  cold-smoked salmon
(24 times)
Microbiology
(15 times)
LAB (6 times)
HPP (2 times)
PCs (2 times)
2002 Production of biogenic amines and divercin V41 in cold smoked salmon inoculated with Carnobacterium divergens V41, and specific detection of this strain by multiplex-PCR.
17  child safety seat
(21 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
CPS (3 times)
AAP (2 times)
AI/AN (2 times)
1989 Principles in injury control: lessons to be learned from child safety seats.
18  COVID Stress Scales
(20 times)
Science
(4 times)
COVID-19 (2 times)
Persian-C19P-S (2 times)
ADs (1 time)
2020 Development and initial validation of the COVID Stress Scales.
19  constitutional short stature
(19 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
GH (7 times)
IGF-I (5 times)
IGFBP-3 (4 times)
1978 Growth deceleration patterns in children with constitutional short stature: an aid to diagnosis.
20  calibrated severity scores
(18 times)
Psychiatry
(13 times)
ASD (11 times)
ADOS (5 times)
ADOS-2 (4 times)
2013 Trajectories of autism severity in early childhood.
21  Cellulite Severity Scale
(17 times)
Dermatology
(10 times)
BMI (2 times)
GAIS (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2011 A bipolar radiofrequency, infrared, vacuum and mechanical massage device for treatment of cellulite: a pilot study.
22  charge-separated state
(17 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
LES (3 times)
PET (3 times)
LEPT (2 times)
2003 Mimicking photosynthesis in a computationally designed synthetic metalloprotein.
23  chronic serum sickness
(17 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
BSA (6 times)
ECM (2 times)
FH (2 times)
1977 An evaluation of elution techniques in the study of immune complex glomerulonephritis.
24  composted sewage sludge
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
Cr (2 times)
RCW (2 times)
Zn (2 times)
2005 Use of composted sewage sludge in growth media for broccoli.
25  cross-sectional survey
(17 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
FGD (2 times)
HELENA (2 times)
VT (2 times)
1984 A longitudinal study of fetal head biometry.
26  clinical SYNTAX score
(16 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
PCI (7 times)
MACE (4 times)
ACEF (3 times)
2010 A new tool for the risk stratification of patients with complex coronary artery disease: the Clinical SYNTAX Score.
27  conventional solar still
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
CPL (4 times)
PBP (4 times)
MSS (3 times)
2020 Energy, exergy, environmental, and economic analysis of natural and forced cooling of solar still with porous media.
28  Cyberchondria Severity Scale
(16 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
CYB (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
ADs (1 time)
2014 The development and initial validation of the cyberchondria severity scale (CSS).
29  cavernous sinus syndrome
(15 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
MRI (3 times)
CT (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1988 Cavernous sinus syndrome as the presentation of malignant lymphoma: case report and review of the literature.
30  Chinese stroke scale
(15 times)
Complementary Therapies
(7 times)
NIHSS (8 times)
BI (6 times)
ACI (3 times)
2003 [Early intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator for acute cerebral infarction].
31  cigarette smoke solution
(15 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
COPD (5 times)
LPS (3 times)
ORNs (3 times)
1992 Tobacco smoke releases performed mediators from canine mast cells and modulates prostaglandin production.
32  Composite Spasticity Scale
(15 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
CP (4 times)
FMA (4 times)
GMFM (4 times)
2007 [Effects of functional electrical stimulation on the improvement of motor function of patients with acute stroke: a randomized controlled trial].
33  cooperative spectrum sensing
(15 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(9 times)
FC (6 times)
SU (5 times)
PU (4 times)
2014 Goodness-of-fit based secure cooperative spectrum sensing for cognitive radio network.
34  clinical summary score
(14 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
KCCQ (8 times)
OSS (7 times)
HF (4 times)
2011 Dietary docosahexaenoic acid in combination with arachidonic acid ameliorates allergen-induced dermatitis in mice.
35  coffee silverskin
(14 times)
Food
(3 times)
AP (3 times)
WHC (3 times)
UAE (2 times)
2019 Effect of Different Compatibilizers on Sustainable Composites Based on a PHBV/PBAT Matrix Filled with Coffee Silverskin.
36  Canadian Stroke Scale
(13 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ICH (4 times)
IL-6 (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1994 Iron-related damage in acute ischemic stroke.
37  cervical spinal stenosis
(13 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
BMI (3 times)
JOA (2 times)
ACCF (1 time)
2001 Acute neurologic deterioration after surgical treatment for thoracic spinal stenosis.
38  coastal sage scrub
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
CAZymes (1 time)
CL (1 time)
HCP (1 time)
2000 Ecological Restoration of Coastal Sage Scrub and Its Potential Role in Habitat Conservation Plans.
39  core-shell-shell
(12 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
NIR (2 times)
UCNPs (2 times)
4-ATP (1 time)
2014 Core-shell-shell and hollow double-shell microgels with advanced temperature responsiveness.
40  cell-surface signaling
(11 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
ECF (5 times)
FoxI (2 times)
BSIs (1 time)
2009 A Novel extracytoplasmic function (ECF) sigma factor regulates virulence in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
41  close-spaced sublimation
(11 times)
Optics and Photonics
(1 time)
CdTe (3 times)
XRD (2 times)
ZnTe (2 times)
2009 [Research on the polycrystalline CdS thin films prepared by close-spaced sublimation].
42  combined sewer system
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
CSO (7 times)
CSOs (2 times)
CSDT (1 time)
2007 Occurrence and fate of organic pollutants in combined sewer systems and possible impacts on receiving waters.
43  cough symptom score
(11 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
VAS (9 times)
LCQ (5 times)
CVA (2 times)
2015 The efficacy of QingfengGanke granule in treating postinfectious cough in pathogenic wind invading lungs syndrome: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
44  closed suction system
(10 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
OSS (6 times)
ICU (2 times)
MV (2 times)
1998 The practice and perception of intensive care staff using the closed suctioning system.
45  complication severity score
(10 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CCI (2 times)
PACT (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
2008 Comparison of botulinium toxin injection and posterior anorectal myectomy in treatment of internal anal sphincter achalasia.
46  Curvature Scale Space
(10 times)
Medical Informatics
(8 times)
AR (1 time)
BoCSS (1 time)
DCSS (1 time)
2004 Matching shapes with self-intersections: application to leaf classification.
47  Camellia sinensis var. sinensis
(9 times)
Botany
(2 times)
CSA (6 times)
bHLH (1 time)
CSGs (1 time)
2018 Draft genome sequence of Camellia sinensis var. sinensis provides insights into the evolution of the tea genome and tea quality.
48  cavernous sinus sampling
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
IPSS (5 times)
CD (4 times)
MRI (4 times)
1999 Cavernous sinus sampling is highly accurate in distinguishing Cushing's disease from the ectopic adrenocorticotropin syndrome and in predicting intrapituitary tumor location.
49  chirp spread spectrum
(9 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(6 times)
IoT (3 times)
AF (1 time)
BER (1 time)
2016 Design of a TDOA location engine and development of a location system based on chirp spread spectrum.
50  Crisis Support Scale
(9 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
HTQ (7 times)
PTSD (5 times)
TSC (5 times)
1997 The aftermath of an industrial disaster.
51  critical shear stress
(9 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
RBC (4 times)
ACR (2 times)
AI (2 times)
2012 Investigation of critical shear stress with simultaneous measurement of electrical impedance, capacitance and light backscattering.
52  carbazochrome sodium sulfonate
(8 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
TXA (4 times)
THA (2 times)
AF (1 time)
2012 Fluorescence quenching method for the determination of carbazochrome sodium sulfonate with aromatic amino acids.
53  Carney-Stratakis syndrome
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
SDH (6 times)
GISTs (5 times)
CT (4 times)
2010 Succinate dehydrogenase gene mutations are strongly associated with paraganglioma of the organ of Zuckerkandl.
54  Cataract Symptom Score
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
GMV (1 time)
SIP (1 time)
VA (1 time)
1997 Validation of French-language versions of the Visual Functioning Index (VF-14) and the Cataract Symptom Score.
55  Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability
(8 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
EDCs (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
FCCoCs (1 time)
2012 Chemical Safety for Sustainability (CSS): human in vivo biomonitoring data for complementing results from in vitro toxicology--a commentary.
56  Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis
(8 times)
Pathology
(6 times)
IgG4-RD (2 times)
FNA (1 time)
HPF (1 time)
2005 Abundant IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration characterizes chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (Kuttner's tumor).
57  clinically significant seroma
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ALND (2 times)
NPWT (2 times)
ADM (1 time)
2008 Incidence and prognostic factors for seroma development after MammoSite breast brachytherapy.
58  closed-shell singlet
(8 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
OSS (5 times)
DFT (3 times)
TD (2 times)
2011 o-Iminobenzosemiquinonate and o-imino-p-methylbenzosemiquinonate anion radicals coupled VO2+ stabilization.
59  composite symptom score
(8 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
DESS (2 times)
GERD (2 times)
2005 Validation of a pediatric caregiver diary to measure symptoms of postacute respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis.
60  CRPS Severity Score
(8 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
CRPS (5 times)
COPD (1 time)
DeltaT (1 time)
1995 Development of a colic severity score for predicting the outcome of equine colic.
61  car safety seat
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
CPS (2 times)
CPST (2 times)
AAP (1 time)
2009 Transporting children with special health care needs: comparing recommendations and practice.
62  clinical signs and symptoms
(7 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(2 times)
AUC (2 times)
CFU (2 times)
FeNO (2 times)
2014 Hydrocortisone concentration influences time to clinically significant healing of acute inflammation of the ocular surface and adnexa - results from a double-blind randomized controlled trial.
63  corn stunt spiroplasma
(7 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AC-20 (1 time)
AS-2 (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
1978 High concentrations of horse serum inhibit growth of corn stunt spiroplasma.
64  Calcium silicate slag
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FA (2 times)
APD (1 time)
APV (1 time)
2006 Boosting silica levels in wheat leaves reduces grazing by rabbits.
65  Cascading Style Sheets
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
HTML (2 times)
AASPIRE (1 time)
DAME (1 time)
2001 Internet patient records: new techniques.
66  charcoal-stripped serum
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AR (2 times)
AIG (1 time)
CLIA (1 time)
1993 Recombinant insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 inhibits IGF-I, serum, and estrogen-dependent growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells.
67  China Stroke Scale
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NIHSS (2 times)
ACA (1 time)
ACI (1 time)
2010 Tamoxifen as an effective neuroprotectant in an endovascular canine model of stroke.
68  cigarette sidestream smoke
(6 times)
Mutagenesis
(2 times)
NER (4 times)
6-4PPs (2 times)
ATM (1 time)
2009 Cigarette sidestream smoke induces phosphorylated histone H2AX.
69  Clinical Severity Scale
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
FSHD (2 times)
RTT (2 times)
DTCC (1 time)
2007 Sleep quality in Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy.
70  cold stress syndrome
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
TEG (2 times)
APTT (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
2013 Evidence of sirenian cold stress syndrome in dugongs Dugong dugon from southeast Queensland, Australia.
71  corn syrup solids
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BE (1 time)
DE (1 time)
DP (1 time)
2002 Efficacy of partially hydrolyzed corn syrup solids as a replacement for lactose in manufactured liquid diets for neonatal pigs.
72  corneal staining score
(6 times)
Eye Diseases
(3 times)
TBUT (4 times)
MGD (3 times)
Corvis ST (2 times)
2015 Assessment of Corneal Biomechanical Properties by CorVis ST in Patients with Dry Eye and in Healthy Subjects.
73  Current Symptoms Scale
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
ADHD (3 times)
ASPD (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2003 Assessing adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a Turkish version of the current symptoms scale.
74  CellSearch System
(5 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CTCs (4 times)
CTC (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2012 [Identification of circulating tumor cells as a promising method of genitourinary cancer diagnosis].
75  chiisanoside
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CSG (3 times)
DVS (3 times)
ALT (2 times)
2018 Hepatoprotective effect of chiisanoside against acetaminophen-induced acute liver injury in mice.
76  Chinese Space Station
(5 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AIT (1 time)
CSU (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2019 Microbiomes of China's Space Station During Assembly, Integration, and Test Operations.
77  cholesteryl succinyl silane
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
PCL (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2011 Selective antileukemia effect of stabilized nanohybrid vesicles based on cholesteryl succinyl silane.
78  chronic short sleep
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LCn (2 times)
AD (1 time)
mCPP (1 time)
2017 Neural Consequences of Chronic Short Sleep: Reversible or Lasting?
79  clinical stress score
(5 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
HIS (2 times)
SC (2 times)
BIS (1 time)
1989 A clinical sickness score for the critically ill in Central Africa.
80  clinical symptom score
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AOE (2 times)
ARND (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2007 Topical treatment of acute otitis externa: clinical comparison of an antibiotics ointment alone or in combination with hydrocortisone acetate.
81  CMP-sialic acid synthetase
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
mCSS (2 times)
Sia (2 times)
AGE (1 time)
2007 Identification of the nuclear export signals that regulate the intracellular localization of the mouse CMP-sialic acid synthetase.
82  collagen sponge scaffold
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ALI (1 time)
FGF-2 (1 time)
hASCs (1 time)
2002 Application of collagen sponge scaffold to muscular defects of the esophagus: an experimental study in piglets.
83  complete sternal-sparing
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
LVAD (5 times)
FS (2 times)
ECMO (1 time)
2018 Complete Sternal-Sparing HeartMate 3Implantation: A Case Series of 10Consecutive Patients.
84  continuously stable strategy
(5 times)
Biology
(4 times)
NIS (2 times)
2005 Measure dynamics on a one-dimensional continuous trait space: theoretical foundations for adaptive dynamics.
85  convergence stable strategy
(5 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
AESS (2 times)
COS (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
2006 A mixed strategy model for the emergence and intensification of social learning in a periodically changing natural environment.
86  cortical step sign
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
DDS (4 times)
TD (4 times)
ACT (3 times)
2014 The cortical step sign fails to prevent malrotation of a nailed femoral shaft fracture: a case report.
87  Canadian Spine Society
(4 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
CPAP (1 time)
CTS (1 time)
IF (1 time)
2014 Obstructive sleep apnea and driving: A Canadian Thoracic Society and Canadian Sleep Society position paper.
88  Cancer Surveillance System
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ALK (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
ePath (1 time)
2003 Dietary intake and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer (United States).
89  CancerSupportSource
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ROC (2 times)
CFA (1 time)
CFI (1 time)
2019 CancerSupportSourceĀ®: validation of a revised multi-dimensional distress screening program for cancer patients and survivors.
90  Caregiver Stress Scale
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
ADLs (1 time)
2003 Efficacy of donepezil on maintenance of activities of daily living in patients with moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease and the effect on caregiver burden.
91  cat stress score
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ATM (1 time)
JBT (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2016 Axillary temperature measurement: a less stressful alternative for hospitalised cats?
92  cervical spine surgery
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
DCCI (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
PD (1 time)
1992 Fifty percent nitrous oxide does not increase the risk of venous air embolism in neurosurgical patients operated upon in the sitting position.
93  Chemical Sensitivity Scale
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CSS-SHR (2 times)
NSS (2 times)
EHS (1 time)
2004 A short Chemical Sensitivity Scale for assessment of airway sensory hyperreactivity.
94  Child Stress Scale
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
LSSI (2 times)
PSB (2 times)
CFA (1 time)
2017 Assessment of stress levels in girls with central precocious puberty before and during long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment: a pilot study.
95  chronic subordination stress
(4 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BAT (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
HPA (1 time)
2012 Implication of the VGF-derived peptide TLQP-21 in mouse acute and chronic stress responses.
96  circular spatial scan statistic
(4 times)
Epidemiology
(2 times)
BYM (4 times)
FSS (4 times)
BN (1 time)
2012 An examination of five spatial disease clustering methodologies for the identification of childhood cancer clusters in Alberta, Canada.
97  cirrhotic severity scoring
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
HCC (4 times)
PHLF (2 times)
AUCs (1 time)
2020 Use of Direct Liver Stiffness Measurement in Evaluating the Severity of Liver Cirrhosis in Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma.
98  Closed system suctioning
(4 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
CPAP (1 time)
ETS (1 time)
ETTs (1 time)
1988 Airway pressures during closed system suctioning.
99  closest speaking space
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
IOD (1 time)
VDO (1 time)
1990 Anteroposterior and mediolateral variability of the closest speaking space.
100  Coffin-Siris
(4 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
NCBRS (3 times)
ID (2 times)
BAF (1 time)
2013 A comprehensive molecular study on Coffin-Siris and Nicolaides-Baraitser syndromes identifies a broad molecular and clinical spectrum converging on altered chromatin remodeling.