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Abbreviation: CSS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
cancer-specific survival
(2017 times)
Neoplasms
(1063 times)
OS (915 times)
HR (357 times)
RFS (260 times)
1990 Radical radiotherapy for carcinoma of the anal canal.
Churg-Strauss syndrome
(512 times)
Rheumatology
(134 times)
WG (87 times)
MPA (81 times)
ANCA (69 times)
1985 [Bronchial asthma, eosinophilia and lung infiltrates (Churg-Strauss syndrome)].
carotid sinus syndrome
(54 times)
Cardiology
(25 times)
CSM (15 times)
CSH (4 times)
BP (3 times)
1975 [Functional analysis of the heart conduction system in the cardio-inhibitory type of carotid sinus syndrome (CSS)].
Chronic Sinusitis Survey
(44 times)
Otolaryngology
(36 times)
CRS (22 times)
ESS (22 times)
RSDI (21 times)
1995 Longitudinal sensitivity of generic and specific health measures in chronic sinusitis.
cultured skin substitutes
(32 times)
Traumatology
(9 times)
AG (2 times)
C-GAG (2 times)
EDC (2 times)
1993 Lipid supplemented medium induces lamellar bodies and precursors of barrier lipids in cultured analogues of human skin.
clinical severity score
(28 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
HS (3 times)
CPITN (2 times)
LOS (2 times)
1998 Intracellular hemoglobin S polymerization and the clinical severity of sickle cell anemia.
Coffin-Siris syndrome
(28 times)
Genetics, Medical
(18 times)
ID (5 times)
NCBRS (4 times)
SWI/SNF (4 times)
2012 Mutations affecting components of the SWI/SNF complex cause Coffin-Siris syndrome.
chromosome substitution strains
(23 times)
Genetics
(11 times)
QTL (9 times)
FS (3 times)
RI (3 times)
1999 Susceptibility to testicular germ-cell tumours in a 129.MOLF-Chr 19 chromosome substitution strain.
Constant Shoulder Score
(23 times)
Orthopedics
(9 times)
DASH (4 times)
ROM (4 times)
OSS (3 times)
2006 The Penn shoulder score: reliability and validity.
10  central sensitivity syndrome
(22 times)
Psychophysiology
(6 times)
CS (7 times)
CSI (6 times)
FM (4 times)
2007 Fibromyalgia and overlapping disorders: the unifying concept of central sensitivity syndromes.
11  cause-specific
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
OS (13 times)
DFS (6 times)
LC (4 times)
1997 High dose chemotherapy and stem cell rescue for aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: pattern of failure and implications for involved-field radiotherapy.
12  child safety seat
(19 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
CPS (3 times)
AI/AN (2 times)
AAP (1 time)
1989 Principles in injury control: lessons to be learned from child safety seats.
13  constitutional short stature
(19 times)
Pediatrics
(9 times)
GH (7 times)
IGF-I (5 times)
IGFBP-3 (4 times)
1978 Growth deceleration patterns in children with constitutional short stature: an aid to diagnosis.
14  cold-smoked salmon
(18 times)
Microbiology
(14 times)
LAB (4 times)
HPP (2 times)
CSGH (1 time)
2002 Production of biogenic amines and divercin V41 in cold smoked salmon inoculated with Carnobacterium divergens V41, and specific detection of this strain by multiplex-PCR.
15  chronic social stress
(17 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
CON (2 times)
OXT (2 times)
AVP (1 time)
2011 Effects of chronic social stress during lactation on maternal behavior and growth in rats.
16  chronic serum sickness
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
BSA (6 times)
ECM (2 times)
GVHD (2 times)
1977 An evaluation of elution techniques in the study of immune complex glomerulonephritis.
17  cavernous sinus syndrome
(14 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
MRI (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CLL (1 time)
1988 Cavernous sinus syndrome as the presentation of malignant lymphoma: case report and review of the literature.
18  cigarette smoke solution
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
COPD (4 times)
LPS (3 times)
ORNs (3 times)
1992 Tobacco smoke releases performed mediators from canine mast cells and modulates prostaglandin production.
19  clinical SYNTAX score
(14 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
PCI (6 times)
MACE (4 times)
ACEF (3 times)
2010 A new tool for the risk stratification of patients with complex coronary artery disease: the Clinical SYNTAX Score.
20  Chaihu-Shugan-San
(13 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
TCM (4 times)
MH (3 times)
CMS (2 times)
2005 Antidepressant effect of Chaihu-Shugan-San extract and its constituents in rat models of depression.
21  composted sewage sludge
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
Cr (2 times)
RCW (2 times)
Zn (2 times)
2006 Use of composted sewage sludge in growth media for broccoli.
22  Canadian Stroke Scale
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
ICH (3 times)
IL-6 (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1994 Iron-related damage in acute ischemic stroke.
23  coastal sage scrub
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
CL (1 time)
HCP (1 time)
OTUs (1 time)
2000 Ecological Restoration of Coastal Sage Scrub and Its Potential Role in Habitat Conservation Plans.
24  constipation scoring system
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
PAC-QOL (3 times)
ERP (2 times)
FISI (2 times)
2011 Abdominal massage for the alleviation of constipation symptoms in people with multiple sclerosis: a randomized controlled feasibility study.
25  calibrated severity scores
(10 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
ASD (6 times)
ADOS (5 times)
ADOS-2 (2 times)
2014 Trajectories of autism severity in early childhood.
26  charge-separated states
(10 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
PET (3 times)
TA (2 times)
BADs (1 time)
2003 Mimicking photosynthesis in a computationally designed synthetic metalloprotein.
27  cavernous sinus sampling
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
IPSS (5 times)
CD (4 times)
MRI (4 times)
1999 Cavernous sinus sampling is highly accurate in distinguishing Cushing's disease from the ectopic adrenocorticotropin syndrome and in predicting intrapituitary tumor location.
28  Cellulite Severity Scale
(9 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
BMI (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
AWT (1 time)
2011 A bipolar radiofrequency, infrared, vacuum and mechanical massage device for treatment of cellulite: a pilot study.
29  combined sewer system
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
CSO (7 times)
CSDT (1 time)
CSOs (1 time)
2007 Occurrence and fate of organic pollutants in combined sewer systems and possible impacts on receiving waters.
30  Crisis Support Scale
(9 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
HTQ (7 times)
PTSD (5 times)
TSC (5 times)
1997 The aftermath of an industrial disaster.
31  Curvature Scale Space
(9 times)
Medical Informatics
(8 times)
AR (1 time)
BoCSS (1 time)
DCSS (1 time)
2001 Affine-similar shape retrieval: application to multiview 3-D object recognition.
32  Cataract Symptom Score
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
GMV (1 time)
SIP (1 time)
VA (1 time)
1997 Validation of French-language versions of the Visual Functioning Index (VF-14) and the Cataract Symptom Score.
33  cell-surface signaling
(8 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
ECF (5 times)
FoxI (2 times)
TPS (1 time)
2009 A Novel extracytoplasmic function (ECF) sigma factor regulates virulence in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
34  Chinese stroke scale
(8 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
BI (4 times)
ACI (3 times)
NIHSS (3 times)
2003 [Early intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator for acute cerebral infarction].
35  closed suction system
(8 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
OSS (4 times)
ICU (2 times)
MV (2 times)
1998 The practice and perception of intensive care staff using the closed suctioning system.
36  closed-shell singlet
(8 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
OSS (5 times)
DFT (3 times)
TD (2 times)
2011 o-Iminobenzosemiquinonate and o-imino-p-methylbenzosemiquinonate anion radicals coupled VO2+ stabilization.
37  cooperative spectrum sensing
(8 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
SU (5 times)
FC (3 times)
SSDF (3 times)
2014 Goodness-of-fit based secure cooperative spectrum sensing for cognitive radio network.
38  Cyberchondria Severity Scale
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
CFA (1 time)
2014 The development and initial validation of the cyberchondria severity scale (CSS).
39  car safety seat
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
CPS (2 times)
CPST (2 times)
AAP (1 time)
2009 Transporting children with special health care needs: comparing recommendations and practice.
40  composite symptom score
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
DESS (2 times)
GERD (2 times)
LTRA (2 times)
2005 Validation of a pediatric caregiver diary to measure symptoms of postacute respiratory syncytial virus bronchiolitis.
41  critical shear stress
(7 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
RBC (4 times)
AI (2 times)
EI (2 times)
2012 Investigation of critical shear stress with simultaneous measurement of electrical impedance, capacitance and light backscattering.
42  charcoal-stripped serum
(6 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AR (2 times)
AIG (1 time)
CLIA (1 time)
1993 Recombinant insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 inhibits IGF-I, serum, and estrogen-dependent growth of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells.
43  Chronic sclerosing sialadenitis
(6 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
FNA (1 time)
HPF (1 time)
MEC (1 time)
2005 Abundant IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration characterizes chronic sclerosing sialadenitis (Kuttner's tumor).
44  clinical summary score
(6 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
KCCQ (3 times)
HF (2 times)
HR (2 times)
2011 Dietary docosahexaenoic acid in combination with arachidonic acid ameliorates allergen-induced dermatitis in mice.
45  composite spasticity scale
(6 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
CP (2 times)
FES (2 times)
FMA (2 times)
2006 [Effects of functional electrical stimulation on the improvement of motor function of patients with acute stroke: a randomized controlled trial].
46  corn syrup solids
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
BE (1 time)
DE (1 time)
DP (1 time)
2002 Efficacy of partially hydrolyzed corn syrup solids as a replacement for lactose in manufactured liquid diets for neonatal pigs.
47  cross-sectional study
(6 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
HELENA (2 times)
BP-ONJ (1 time)
CCS (1 time)
1984 A longitudinal study of fetal head biometry.
48  cross-sectional surveys
(6 times)
Tropical Medicine
(2 times)
VT (3 times)
NVT (2 times)
CORPs (1 time)
2011 Accuracy of malaria rapid diagnostic tests in community studies and their impact on treatment of malaria in an area with declining malaria burden in north-eastern Tanzania.
49  CRPS Severity Score
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CRPS (4 times)
COPD (1 time)
DeltaT (1 time)
1995 Development of a colic severity score for predicting the outcome of equine colic.
50  CellSearch System
(5 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CTCs (4 times)
CTC (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2012 [Identification of circulating tumor cells as a promising method of genitourinary cancer diagnosis].
51  cervical spinal stenosis
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AND (1 time)
CRSPAM (1 time)
DF (1 time)
2001 Acute neurologic deterioration after surgical treatment for thoracic spinal stenosis.
52  cigarette sidestream smoke
(5 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
NER (3 times)
6-4PPs (2 times)
ATM (1 time)
2009 Cigarette sidestream smoke induces phosphorylated histone H2AX.
53  Clinical Severity Scale
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
FSHD (2 times)
DTCC (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
2007 Sleep quality in Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy.
54  clinically significant seroma
(5 times)
Radiotherapy
(2 times)
ADM (1 time)
AL (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2008 Incidence and prognostic factors for seroma development after MammoSite breast brachytherapy.
55  continuously stable strategy
(5 times)
Biology
(4 times)
NIS (2 times)
2005 Measure dynamics on a one-dimensional continuous trait space: theoretical foundations for adaptive dynamics.
56  corn stunt spiroplasma
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AC-20 (1 time)
AS-2 (1 time)
CPE (1 time)
1978 High concentrations of horse serum inhibit growth of corn stunt spiroplasma.
57  Carney-Stratakis syndrome
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
SDH (4 times)
CT (2 times)
PGL (2 times)
2010 Succinate dehydrogenase gene mutations are strongly associated with paraganglioma of the organ of Zuckerkandl.
58  Chemical Sensitivity Scale
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CSS-SHR (2 times)
NSS (2 times)
EHS (1 time)
2004 A short Chemical Sensitivity Scale for assessment of airway sensory hyperreactivity.
59  chlorhexidine-silver sulfadiazine
(4 times)
Drug Resistance, Microbial
(1 time)
CVCs (3 times)
CLABSIs (1 time)
CRBSI (1 time)
1998 Influence of triple-lumen central venous catheters coated with chlorhexidine and silver sulfadiazine on the incidence of catheter-related bacteremia.
60  cholesteryl-succinyl silane
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
PCL (1 time)
2011 Selective antileukemia effect of stabilized nanohybrid vesicles based on cholesteryl succinyl silane.
61  circular spatial scan statistic
(4 times)
Epidemiology
(2 times)
BYM (4 times)
FSS (4 times)
BN (1 time)
2011 An examination of five spatial disease clustering methodologies for the identification of childhood cancer clusters in Alberta, Canada.
62  clinical symptom score
(4 times)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
AOE (2 times)
ARND (1 time)
ECA (1 time)
2007 Topical treatment of acute otitis externa: clinical comparison of an antibiotics ointment alone or in combination with hydrocortisone acetate.
63  Closed system suctioning
(4 times)
Critical Care
(2 times)
CPAP (1 time)
ETS (1 time)
ETTs (1 time)
1988 Airway pressures during closed system suctioning.
64  closest speaking space
(4 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
IOD (1 time)
VDO (1 time)
1990 Anteroposterior and mediolateral variability of the closest speaking space.
65  cold stress syndrome
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
TEG (2 times)
APTT (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
2013 Evidence of sirenian cold stress syndrome in dugongs Dugong dugon from southeast Queensland, Australia.
66  community support system
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
QOL (1 time)
1982 Quality of life in the evaluation of community support systems.
67  complication severity score
(4 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CCI (2 times)
PACT (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
2008 Comparison of botulinium toxin injection and posterior anorectal myectomy in treatment of internal anal sphincter achalasia.
68  core-shell-shell
(4 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
AFP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DSL (1 time)
2015 Core-shell-shell and hollow double-shell microgels with advanced temperature responsiveness.
69  corticospinal system
(4 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(2 times)
BA (1 time)
MEP (1 time)
MEPs (1 time)
1987 [Dynamics of the cerebrospinal fluid and elastic properties of the cerebrospinal system (a bolus technic)].
70  Cough Symptom Score
(4 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
VAS (3 times)
LCQ (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2015 The efficacy of QingfengGanke granule in treating postinfectious cough in pathogenic wind invading lungs syndrome: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.
71  Criminal Sentiments Scale
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
MCAA (1 time)
PICTS (1 time)
RSQ (1 time)
1997 The Criminal Sentiments Scale: predictive validity in a sample of violent and sex offenders.
72  Current Symptoms Scale
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ADHD (3 times)
ASPD (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2003 Assessing adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a Turkish version of the current symptoms scale.
73  Canale-Smith syndrome
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ECD (1 time)
FasL (1 time)
GPCs (1 time)
1998 Increased spontaneous in vitro apoptosis in double negative T cells of humans with a fas/apo-1 mutation.
74  Cancer Surveillance System
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
NCI's (1 time)
NO (1 time)
NPCR (1 time)
2003 Dietary intake and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer (United States).
75  cancer susceptibility syndromes
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
RR (2 times)
TSC (1 time)
2016 Confounding of the Association between Radiation Exposure from CT Scans and Risk of Leukemia and Brain Tumors by Cancer Susceptibility Syndromes.
76  canine Scott syndrome
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
PS (2 times)
GSD (1 time)
2010 A genome-wide linkage scan in German shepherd dogs localizes canine platelet procoagulant deficiency (Scott syndrome) to canine chromosome 27.
77  cardiac-specific sequence
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
HDAC (1 time)
IRE (1 time)
MLC-2 (1 time)
1991 Tissue-specific transcription of the cardiac myosin light-chain 2 gene is regulated by an upstream repressor element.
78  Caregiver Stress Scale
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AD (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
ADLs (1 time)
2003 Efficacy of donepezil on maintenance of activities of daily living in patients with moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease and the effect on caregiver burden.
79  Cascading Style Sheets
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
DAME (1 time)
DOM (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2001 Internet patient records: new techniques.
80  Centaurea solstitialis ssp. solstitialis
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
--- 2004 Isolation of anti-ulcerogenic sesquiterpene lactones from Centaurea solstitialis L. ssp. solstitialis through bioassay-guided fractionation procedures in rats.
81  cerebral serial scintigraphy
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
CTT (1 time)
1977 [The value of serial scintigraphy with 99mTc pertechnetate compared with axial computed tomography in the diagnosis of cerebral tumours (author's transl)].
82  cervical spine surgery
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
VAE (1 time)
1992 Fifty percent nitrous oxide does not increase the risk of venous air embolism in neurosurgical patients operated upon in the sitting position.
83  Chemosensory systems
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
ACSS (1 time)
ECSS (1 time)
TCS (1 time)
2014 Functional organization of a multimodular bacterial chemosensory apparatus.
84  chitosan sulfates
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CMCS (2 times)
CS (2 times)
MW (1 time)
2007 The preparation and antioxidant activity of the sulfanilamide derivatives of chitosan and chitosan sulfates.
85  chronic short sleep
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
LCn (1 time)
2017 Neural Consequences of Chronic Short Sleep: Reversible or Lasting?
86  chronic splanchnic syndrome
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
CSD (2 times)
CA (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2004 Endovascular treatment of chronic splanchnic syndrome.
87  chronic subordination stress
(3 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BAT (1 time)
HPA (1 time)
RS (1 time)
2012 Implication of the VGF-derived peptide TLQP-21 in mouse acute and chronic stress responses.
88  clinical signs and symptoms
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
FeNO (1 time)
HC-ac (1 time)
2014 Hydrocortisone concentration influences time to clinically significant healing of acute inflammation of the ocular surface and adnexa - results from a double-blind randomized controlled trial.
89  clinical stress score
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
SC (2 times)
BIS (1 time)
DRD3 (1 time)
1989 A clinical sickness score for the critically ill in Central Africa.
90  close-spaced sublimation
(3 times)
Optics and Photonics
(1 time)
C-AFM (1 time)
CdTe (1 time)
2009 [Research on the polycrystalline CdS thin films prepared by close-spaced sublimation].
91  Coffin-Siris
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
NCBRS (3 times)
ID (2 times)
BAF (1 time)
2013 A comprehensive molecular study on Coffin-Siris and Nicolaides-Baraitser syndromes identifies a broad molecular and clinical spectrum converging on altered chromatin remodeling.
92  Cold Sensitivity Severity scale
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
CISS (1 time)
2008 Hand injuries and cold sensitivity: reliability and validity of cold sensitivity questionnaires.
93  collagen sponge scaffold
(3 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FGF-2 (1 time)
LLLT (1 time)
OCN (1 time)
2002 Application of collagen sponge scaffold to muscular defects of the esophagus: an experimental study in piglets.
94  Communication Strategies Scale
(3 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
Cronbach's (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2006 Psychological well-being of adults with acquired hearing impairment.
95  community support services
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
CSP (1 time)
GAS (1 time)
NIMH (1 time)
1984 The New York State community support system: a profile of clients.
96  Comprehensive surgical staging
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
FIGO (2 times)
CI (1 time)
CLSI (1 time)
2002 The significance of the amount of myometrial invasion in patients with Stage IB endometrial carcinoma.
97  Consciousness Seizure Scale
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
LOC (2 times)
SEEG (2 times)
FLE (1 time)
2012 Alteration of global workspace during loss of consciousness: a study of parietal seizures.
98  convergent stable strategies
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
AESS (2 times)
ESS (1 time)
2006 A mixed strategy model for the emergence and intensification of social learning in a periodically changing natural environment.
99  Coronary-subclavian steal
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
CABG (3 times)
FA (1 time)
ICA (1 time)
2007 Rates of symptom reoccurrence after endovascular therapy in subclavian artery stenosis and prevalence of subclavian artery stenosis prior to coronary artery bypass grafting.
100  cumulative sum score
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
--- 1999 Treatment of acute bacterial conjunctivitis with topical lomefloxacin 0.3% compared to topical ofloxacin 0.3%.