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Abbreviation: CSs
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Long forms: 206

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
corticosteroids
(71 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(10 times)
AEs (3 times)
MMF (3 times)
RA (3 times)
1985 Effects of in vitro corticosteroids on B cell activation, proliferation, and differentiation.
cesarean sections
(60 times)
Obstetrics
(18 times)
CI (5 times)
OR (3 times)
aOR (2 times)
1987 Prostaglandin E2 in tylose gel for cervical ripening before induction of labor.
chondroitin sulfates
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
GAGs (7 times)
HA (5 times)
HS (4 times)
1981 Ovarian glycosaminoglycans: evidence for a role in regulating the response of the oocyte-cumulus cell complex to FSH.
complex spikes
(25 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
SSs (7 times)
IO (6 times)
PC (5 times)
1980 The olivocerebellar system. I. Delayed and slow inhibitory effects: an overlooked salient feature of cerebellar climbing fibers.
cancer survivors
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
RTW (6 times)
OR (4 times)
CI (2 times)
2008 A study of work changes due to cancer in tumor-free primary-treated cancer patients. A NOCWO study.
chemical shifts
(15 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
NMR (3 times)
GIAO (2 times)
RDCs (2 times)
2003 31P solid state NMR studies of metal selenophosphates containing [P2Se6]4-, [P4Se10]4-, [PSe4]3-, [P2Se7]4-, and [P2Se9]4- ligands.
chiral selectors
(14 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(14 times)
CE (3 times)
CCC (2 times)
CSPs (2 times)
2004 Enantiomer discrimination by mass spectrometry: noncovalent interactions of an N-derivatized dipeptide with various cinchona alkaloid derivatives and comparison with enantioselective liquid-phase separations.
composite scores
(14 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(8 times)
ASI (7 times)
ISRs (2 times)
MM (2 times)
1994 Interviewer severity ratings and composite scores of the ASI: a further look.
cross sections
(14 times)
Biophysics
(9 times)
EEL (4 times)
LEE (3 times)
HREELS (2 times)
2006 In vivo relationship between compositional and mechanical imaging of coronary arteries. Insights from intravascular ultrasound radiofrequency data analysis.
10  control subjects
(13 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
FEP (2 times)
PCS (2 times)
1998 Adaptation in visuomanual tracking depends on intact proprioception.
11  cardiospheres
(12 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
CDCs (4 times)
CPCs (3 times)
MI (3 times)
2007 Endogenous cardiac stem cells.
12  carbon spheres
(11 times)
Nanotechnology
(3 times)
CSPBs (2 times)
NPs (2 times)
BN-CSs (1 time)
2011 Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization, and KOH activation of carbon spheres from glucose.
13  carcinosarcomas
(11 times)
Pathology
(5 times)
EMT (2 times)
BMTs (1 time)
CMTs (1 time)
2007 Carcinosarcoma of the uterus with melanocytic differentiation.
14  cohort studies
(10 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
RCTs (6 times)
RR (4 times)
CI (2 times)
2012 A critical evaluation of the preventive effect of antiviral therapy on the development of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with chronic hepatitis C or B: a novel approach by using meta-regression.
15  cell sheets
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
ADSCs (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
ASCs (1 time)
2014 Endothelial cells enhance the in vivo bone-forming ability of osteogenic cell sheets.
16  capillary systems
(7 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
PDMS (2 times)
1.14 pM (1 time)
Abs (1 time)
2004 High-sensitivity miniaturized immunoassays for tumor necrosis factor alpha using microfluidic systems.
17  chondrosarcomas
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BrdU (1 time)
BrdU LI (1 time)
ChM-I (1 time)
2004 Expression of the chondromodulin-I gene in chondrosarcomas.
18  Carnegie stages
(6 times)
Anatomy
(4 times)
APs (1 time)
CH (1 time)
CRL (1 time)
2005 Cellular proliferation in the urorectal septation complex of the human embryo at Carnegie stages 13-18: a nuclear area-based morphometric analysis.
19  cavity solitons
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
--- 2007 Cavity solitons in bidirectional lasers.
20  clinical scores
(6 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
TEWL (2 times)
ACS (1 time)
AWE (1 time)
2000 Is nebulized aerosol treatment necessary in the pediatric emergency department?
21  Casparian strips
(5 times)
Botany
(2 times)
Cd (3 times)
SL (3 times)
ABA (1 time)
2011 Development of Casparian strip in rice cultivars.
22  clinical samples
(5 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(3 times)
MPs (3 times)
RM (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
2018 IFCC Working Group Recommendations for Assessing Commutability Part 1: General Experimental Design.
23  conventional smears
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
LBC (3 times)
FNA (2 times)
ERCP (1 time)
2004 Pap test in a high-risk population comparison of conventional and liquid-base cytology.
24  cannulated screws
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
FEA (2 times)
PFLP (2 times)
DHS (1 time)
2015 Comparison of Three Fixation Methods for Femoral Neck Fracture in Young Adults: Experimental and Numerical Investigations.
25  case studies
(4 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
CLZ (1 time)
DLMs (1 time)
GM (1 time)
2006 Risperidone augmentation of clozapine: a critical review.
26  chitin synthases
(4 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
ER (1 time)
2004 Role of chitin synthase genes in Fusarium oxysporum.
27  confidence sets
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
BOLD (1 time)
EWs (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2016 On the Relationship Between Confidence Sets and Exchangeable Weights in Multiple Linear Regression.
28  cancer spheroids
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Supramolecular Nanofibrillar Thermoreversible Hydrogel for Growth and Release of Cancer Spheroids.
29  Cardiac steroids
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AMPH (1 time)
BD (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
2004 Cardiac steroids induce changes in recycling of the plasma membrane in human NT2 cells.
30  case series
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
RCTs (2 times)
CCTs (1 time)
CPHMs (1 time)
2014 Chinese proprietary herbal medicine listed in 'China national essential drug list' for common cold: a systematic literature review.
31  clinical stages
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
CHOP (1 time)
CMT (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2004 Results of a prospective randomized clinical trial of doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) followed by radiation therapy (RT) versus ABVD alone for stages I, II, and IIIA nonbulky Hodgkin disease.
32  Clinician-scientists
(3 times)
Education
(2 times)
EM (1 time)
GP (1 time)
2019 Facilitators and barriers to brokering between research and care by senior clinical-scientists in general practice and elderly care medicine.
33  coherent-states
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DCSs (1 time)
FCSs (1 time)
SLEND (1 time)
2017 Quantum Nonadiabatic Cloning of Entangled Coherent States.
34  complementary sequences
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2008 Detection of small RNAs containing the 5'- and the 3'-end sequences of viral genome during West Nile virus replication.
35  conformational substates
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
cat (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
PTE (1 time)
2000 Time-domain observation of conformational fluctuation of protein by time-resolved hole-burning spectroscopy.
36  consensus statements
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CPGs (3 times)
BC (2 times)
FCOIs (1 time)
2015 Author financial conflicts of interest, industry funding, and clinical practice guidelines for anticancer drugs.
37  conserved sequences
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
AbaRs (1 time)
EPEC (1 time)
GC1 (1 time)
2014 Identification and characterization of class 1 integrons among atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from children under 5 years of age.
38  contrast sensitivities
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
IOLs (2 times)
ERV (1 time)
MTF (1 time)
2003 Human scotopic spatiotemporal sensitivity: a comparison of psychophysical and electrophysiological data.
39  conventional solitons
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
CCW (1 time)
CW (1 time)
DSs (1 time)
2018 Conventional soliton or stretched pulse delivered by nanotube-mode-locked fiber laser.
40  coping strategies
(3 times)
Food
(1 time)
CCI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FM (1 time)
2014 Problem-focused coping and self-efficacy as correlates of quality of life and severity of fibromyalgia in primary fibromyalgia patients.
41  culture supernatants
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
LPS (2 times)
AvPPE (1 time)
HP (1 time)
2016 The Ingenious Interactions Between Macrophages and Functionally Plastic Retinal Pigment Epithelium Cells.
42  calcium scores
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
EBT (2 times)
HCEs (1 time)
MPI (1 time)
2002 High coronary artery calcium scores pose an extremely elevated risk for hard events.
43  cardiac surgeons
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
AAA (1 time)
EVAR (1 time)
GSs (1 time)
2014 Practice patterns of academic general thoracic and adult cardiac surgeons.
44  cardioplegic solutions
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PSS (1 time)
1985 Functional endothelial damage by high-potassium cardioplegic solutions to saphenous vein bypass grafts.
45  cardiotonic steroids
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CDK2 (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
2011 Cardiotonic steroids attenuate ERK phosphorylation and generate cell cycle arrest to block human hepatoma cell growth.
46  cationic surfactants
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CPC (1 time)
CTAB (1 time)
cyt c (1 time)
2009 Non-extraction flow injection determination of cationic surfactants using eriochrome black-T.
47  cellulose sulfates
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CHS (1 time)
DS (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2009 Polyelectrolyte synthesis and in situ complex formation in ionic liquids.
48  character strengths
(2 times)
Cognitive Science
(2 times)
PB (1 time)
2019 Prosocial Behavior at Work Through the Lens of Character Strengths.
49  charging stations
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CNN (1 time)
EV (1 time)
EVs (1 time)
2019 Targeted optimal-path problem for electric vehicles with connected charging stations.
50  chest seals
(2 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(2 times)
IP (2 times)
HPTX (1 time)
PTX (1 time)
2013 Vented versus unvented chest seals for treatment of pneumothorax and prevention of tension pneumothorax in a swine model.
51  chlorostyrenes
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CBzs (1 time)
CHC (1 time)
HCHs (1 time)
2006 Comprehensive re-analysis of archived herring gull eggs reconstructs historical temporal trends in chlorinated hydrocarbon contamination in Lake Ontario and Green Bay, Lake Michigan, 1971-1982.
52  cholesterol stones
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
BPSs (1 time)
DC (1 time)
EF (1 time)
1995 Increase of deoxycholate in supersaturated bile of patients with cholesterol gallstone disease and its correlation with de novo syntheses of cholesterol and bile acids in liver, gallbladder emptying, and small intestinal transit.
53  chondroid syringomas
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
CK (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
1988 Immunohistochemical characterization of chondroid syringomas.
54  cigarette smokers
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AL (2 times)
BOP (2 times)
MBL (2 times)
2016 Comparison of Clinical and Radiographic Periodontal Status Between Habitual Water-Pipe Smokers and Cigarette Smokers.
55  citrate synthases
(2 times)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
2-MCS (1 time)
2MCA (1 time)
kb (1 time)
1990 Cloning of genes responsible for acetic acid resistance in Acetobacter aceti.
56  cleavage sites
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AIV (1 time)
APA (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2011 Rapid PCR-based molecular pathotyping of H5 and H7 avian influenza viruses.
57  Clinical Sites
(2 times)
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
(1 time)
CTC (1 time)
MMPI-2 (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2008 A concept for trial institutions focussing on randomised controlled trials in surgery.
58  clinical syndromes
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
MCMI-III (2 times)
BR (1 time)
PDs (1 time)
2005 Linking personality disorders and clinical syndromes on the MCMI-III.
59  clonic seizures
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
ETLE (1 time)
FSs (1 time)
GTCSs (1 time)
2019 Localization value of subclinical seizures on scalp video-EEG in epilepsy presurgical evaluation.
60  collagen sponges
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
micro-CT (1 time)
PSCs (1 time)
rhBMPs (1 time)
2009 A porcine collagen-derived matrix as a carrier for recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 enhances spinal fusion in rats.
61  compensatory saccades
(2 times)
Multiple Sclerosis
(1 time)
aVOR (2 times)
ES (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2010 High-velocity angular vestibulo-ocular reflex adaptation to position error signals.
62  complementary strands
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ASs (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2009 Immobilization of oligonucleotides on titanium based materials by partial incorporation in anodic oxide layers.
63  conditioned stimulus
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Non-competitive liking for brands. No blocking in evaluative conditioning.
64  construction sites
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CNSC (1 time)
DSs (1 time)
LUIs (1 time)
2015 Evaluating the Effects of Land Use Planning for Non-Point Source Pollution Based on a System Dynamics Approach in China.
65  contact sites
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
ER (2 times)
PM (2 times)
ES (1 time)
2019 Remodeling of ER-plasma membrane contact sites but not STIM1 phosphorylation inhibits Ca2+ influx in mitosis.
66  contaminated sites
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CAs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CMs (1 time)
2017 Congenital Anomalies in Contaminated Sites: A Multisite Study in Italy.
67  control smokers
(2 times)
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
(1 time)
CNSs (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
COPD-E (1 time)
2011 Influence of the instrumented force shoe on gait pattern in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.
68  coordinate systems
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
HHC (1 time)
ISB (1 time)
2010 An alternative definition of the scapular coordinate system for use with RSA.
69  corrective saccades
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
vHIT (2 times)
GA (1 time)
2018 Diagnostic Value of Gains and Corrective Saccades in Video Head Impulse Test in Vestibular Neuritis.
70  covered stents
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BMSs (2 times)
CI (1 time)
COBEST (1 time)
2016 Durability of the balloon-expandable covered versus bare-metal stents in the Covered versus Balloon Expandable Stent Trial (COBEST) for the treatment of aortoiliac occlusive disease.
71  cue signaling 20-second time-out
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
Glu (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
NMDAR (1 time)
2013 Inhibition of glycine transporter-1 reduces cue-induced nicotine-seeking, but does not promote extinction of conditioned nicotine cue responding in the rat.
72  current smokers
(2 times)
Spinal Diseases
(1 time)
FSs (1 time)
NCSs (1 time)
NSs (1 time)
1995 Cigarette smoking, intracellular vitamin deficiency, and occurrence of micronuclei in epithelial cells of the buccal mucosa.
73  C-shaped canal configurations
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DLRs (1 time)
MPs (1 time)
RGs (1 time)
2018 Relationship of the Incidence of C-shaped Root Canal Configurations of Mandibular First Premolars with Distolingual Roots in Mandibular First Molars in a Taiwanese Population: A Cone-beam Computed Tomographic Study.
74  cachexia scores
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
SCLC (1 time)
2018 Prognostic significance of cachexia score assessed by CT in male patients with small cell lung cancer.
75  cage struts
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
AX-ROM (1 time)
EC (1 time)
FE ROM (1 time)
2014 Gait-simulating fatigue loading analysis and sagittal alignment failure of spinal pelvic reconstruction after total sacrectomy: comparison of 3 techniques.
76  calcareous skeletons
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 Effective removal of lead (II) ions by dead calcareous skeletons: sorption performance and influencing factors.
77  calcium supplements
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CHD (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
DCIs (1 time)
2020 The Evidence and Controversy Between Dietary Calcium Intake and Calcium Supplementation and the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cohort Studies and Randomized Controlled Trials.
78  calibration standards
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
GSV (1 time)
PET (1 time)
PPS (1 time)
2019 Microcomputed Tomography Calibration Using Polymers and Minerals for Enamel Mineral Content Quantitation.
79  calling songs
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
SPs (1 time)
2005 Selective processing of calling songs by auditory interneurons in the female cricket, Gryllus pennsylvanicus: possible roles in behavior.
80  canales sesamoidales
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
NBs (1 time)
2006 Genetic analyses of the radiographic appearance of the distal sesamoid bones in Hanoverian Warmblood horses.
81  cancer screenings
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2012 Sociodemographic differences in fears and mistrust contributing to unwillingness to participate in cancer screenings.
82  capacitive sensors
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DOF (1 time)
OKES (1 time)
2017 A novel sensor for two-degree-of-freedom motion measurement of linear nanopositioning stage using knife edge displacement sensing technique.
83  Carbon microspheres
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DSSCs (1 time)
2015 Carbon microspheres via microwave-assisted synthesis as counter electrodes of dye-sensitized solar cells.
84  carbonaceous spheres
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LCA (1 time)
2019 Accurate Control of Cage-Like CaO Hollow Microspheres for Enhanced CO2 Capture in Calcium Looping via a Template-Assisted Synthesis Approach.
85  cardioembolic strokes
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
LV (1 time)
PCS (1 time)
2016 Novel echocardiographic indicator for potential cardioembolic stroke.
86  cassava starch
(1 time)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
RBw (1 time)
2017 Efficacies of Various Anaerobic Starter Seeds for Biogas Production from Different Types of Wastewater.
87  catch-up saccades
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
vHIT (1 time)
VOR (1 time)
2016 Quantitative analysis of gains and catch-up saccades of video-head-impulse testing by age in normal subjects.
88  cavernous sinuses
(1 time)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
ICAs (1 time)
MDCT (1 time)
2008 Bolus injection of contrast agents with various iodine concentrations and delivery rates for intracranial three-dimensional CT angiography: evaluation of intracranial arteriovenous contrast using a multidetector-row CT scanner.
89  cellular schwannomas
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
MPNSTs (1 time)
2019 Comparison of Clinical, Histopathological, and Genomic Features Between Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors and Cellular Schwannomas of the Eighth Cranial Nerve: A Case Series.
90  cellular structures
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
2017 Cellular structures arising from viscoelastic phase separation in binary mixtures of thermotropic liquid crystals.
91  cenospheres
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
BCNTs (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2020 Bamboo-Shaped Carbon Nanotubes on Coal Fly Ash Cenospheres for Pb(II) Adsorption.
92  central spheres
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HSs (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2014 New strategy to prepare hollow silica microspheres with tunable holes on the shell wall.
93  cercarial secretions
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2002 Biochemical comparison of the serine protease (elastase) activities in cercarial secretions from Trichobilharzia ocellata and Schistosoma mansoni.
94  cerebral strokes
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
MACCEs (1 time)
MIs (1 time)
PCI (1 time)
2020 Age and gender differences in clinical outcomes of patients with heavy-calcified coronary artery lesions treated percutaneously with rotational atherectomy.
95  cervical stages
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CVM (1 time)
2018 The cervical vertebral maturation method: A user's guide.
96  cervical vertebral stages
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CBCT (1 time)
CVM (1 time)
LHRs (1 time)
2015 Diagnostic performance of skeletal maturity for the assessment of midpalatal suture maturation.
97  cesarean surgeries
(1 time)
Natural Childbirth
(1 time)
VBAC (1 time)
2019 Experience of Vaginal Birth After Cesarean: A Phenomenological Study.
98  change scores
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
GRADE (1 time)
2020 Telephone interventions for symptom management in adults with cancer.
99  changed assessments of stimuli's
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
2016 Changing US Attributes After CS-US Pairings Changes CS-Attribute-Assessments: Evidence for CS-US Associations in Attribute Conditioning.
100  changes in people's assessment of stimuli's
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
2015 Attribute conditioning: changing attribute-assessments through mere pairings.